CN209244002U - A kind of wallboard prefabricated components and assembled wall - Google Patents

A kind of wallboard prefabricated components and assembled wall Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209244002U
CN209244002U CN201821915827.5U CN201821915827U CN209244002U CN 209244002 U CN209244002 U CN 209244002U CN 201821915827 U CN201821915827 U CN 201821915827U CN 209244002 U CN209244002 U CN 209244002U
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China
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wallboard
wallboard body
prefabricated components
lateral tie
longitudinal reinforcement
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CN201821915827.5U
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刘大勇
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刘大勇
刘欢
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Abstract

The utility model provides a kind of wallboard prefabricated components, is related to assembled architecture technical field of construction.The wallboard prefabricated components include wallboard body, lateral tie, longitudinal reinforcement and tenon;For wallboard body in the rectangular flat plate erect, lateral tie and longitudinal reinforcement extend through wallboard body, wherein lateral tie extends along the width direction of wallboard body, and longitudinal reinforcement extends along the short transverse of wallboard body;The end face of the short transverse of the end face and/or wallboard body of the width direction of wallboard body is provided with tenon.The wallboard prefabricated components of the utility model strengthen the bonding strength between contiguous prefabricated component and between the building boundary of construction by stages using the lateral tie, longitudinal reinforcement and tenon extended in its end face, ensure that the whole construction precision of building.On this basis, the utility model additionally provides a kind of assembled wall.

Description

A kind of wallboard prefabricated components and assembled wall
Technical field
The utility model relates to assembled architecture technical field of construction, in particular to a kind of wallboard prefabricated components and Assembled wall.
Background technique
For traditional cast-in-situ steel reinforced concrete and masonry building, prefabrication refer to building part or Whole components are completed in element precast plant produced, then construction site are transported to by corresponding means of transportation, using reliable Mounting means and installation machinery assemble component, become the construction mode having using the building of function.
Compared with traditional site operation, prefabricated assembled construction have easy for construction, project progress it is fast, to ambient enviroment The advantages that small and building element quality is easy to get guarantee is influenced, past China mainly applies in industrial building more, Start to use in civil buildings especially residential housing in recent years.It is prefabricated assembled with the quickening of Urbanization in China Building has also welcome new development opportunity.
However, there is also the defects of itself for prefabricated assembled construction: assembled connection is whole strong between multiple prefabricated components Degree is difficult to ensure, the verticality of plate beam column or levelness are influenced by construction equipment, the building contour connection of construction by stages Intensity is unable to ensure.
So the design structure of prefabricated components and the arrangement and method for construction of building entirety itself how are improved, to improve building Structural strength, guarantee that the whole construction precision of building is those skilled in the art's urgent problem to be solved.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of wallboard prefabricated components and assembled walls, to solve in the prior art Prefabrication existing for Building Structure Strength, building integral construction precision the problems such as being difficult to ensure.
To achieve the goals above, the utility model uses following technical scheme:
A kind of wallboard prefabricated components provided by the utility model, including wallboard body, lateral tie, longitudinal reinforcement and tenon Head;For the wallboard body in the rectangular flat plate erect, the lateral tie and the longitudinal reinforcement extend through the wallboard Ontology, wherein the lateral tie extends along the width direction of the wallboard body, and the longitudinal reinforcement is along the wallboard body Short transverse extend;The end face of the short transverse of the end face of the width direction of the wallboard body and/or the wallboard body It is provided with the tenon.It should be noted that the technical program is not related to reinforcing bar drag hook, the design details is according to designing unit Regulation executes.
Based on the above technical solution, further, the lateral tie is in rectangle, and four edges are respectively positioned on same water Plane.
--- the lateral tie both ends due to rectangle that have the technical effect that of the technical solution extend outwardly, and its sideline Positioned at horizontal plane, vertical fixed steel bars can be cooperated to realize between adjacent wall board ontology through the function of the splicing installation of connecting column Energy.Compared with traditional independent connecting column, the pulling force between each individual member being separately formed is increased, building is improved Overall structural strength.
On the basis of any of the above-described technical solution, further, the lateral tie and the longitudinal reinforcement are in the wall It is connected and fixed in plate ontology.
--- the technical solution has the technical effect that lateral tie for wallboard prefabricated components horizontal direction side pieces Between splicing, and longitudinal reinforcement is for the splicing between side pieces in wallboard prefabricated components vertical direction.And in wallboard sheet In vivo, lateral tie is fixedly connected by the modes such as welding or iron wire binding with longitudinal reinforcement, can further increases and builds Build whole tension and compression stress.
It further include glass fibre further on the basis of any of the above-described technical solution;The glass fibre is set to institute It states in wallboard body.
--- the technical solution has the technical effect that supporting material of the glass fibre as reinforced plastics, maximum spy Sign is that tensile strength is big.In addition, glass fibre or excellent heat-insulating material and fire-proof shield material.So in wallboard body The insulation that interior arrangement glass fibre on the basis of improving the mechanical performance of wall, can improve wall keeps warm and fire protecting performance.
Based on the above technical solution, further, in a tubular form, multiple glass fibres are vertical for the glass fibre It is set in the wallboard body.
--- the technical solution has the technical effect that glass fibre in a tubular form, is built in wall along vertical specific direction Plate ontology, can under the premise of guaranteeing that wallboard body construction itself is complete, realize above-mentioned improvement mechanical performance, insulation it is warming and The purpose of fire protecting performance.
It further include installation preformed hole further on the basis of any of the above-described technical solution;It is described that reserved hole horizontal is installed It is set in the wallboard body.
--- the technical solution has the technical effect that installation preformed hole is used to install triangular shape or bar shaped square steel, To ensure the verticality after wallboard assembly.
The utility model also provides a kind of assembled wall, including connecting column, fixed steel bars and at least one wallboard are prefabricated Component;One wallboard prefabricated component is set between two neighboring connecting column;Fixed steel bars are respectively from top to bottom through two connections Column, and the lateral tie at connection wall plate prefabricated member both ends;Tenon protruding end is built in connecting column.
It based on the above technical solution, further, further include triangular shape;One right-angle side of triangular shape is bonded It is set to the inner wall of wallboard body, another right-angle side is bonded the upper surface or lower surface for being set to floor.
--- the vertical sideline of two for having the technical effect that triangular shape of the technical solution is bonded two respectively and mutually hangs down Straight plane is served using the rigidity of steel itself and is supported and fixed, and guarantees the vertical stabilization of wall.
It based on the above technical solution, further, further include bar shaped square steel;The fitting of bar shaped square steel one end is set to down The outer wall of square wallboard body, other end fitting are set to the outer wall of top wallboard body.
--- the technical solution has the technical effect that bar shaped square steel is connected to two wallboard bodies up and down, makes building Exterior wall is maintained at same vertical plane.
On the basis of any of the above-described technical solution, further, triangular shape and/or bar shaped square steel pass through installation preformed hole It is fixedly mounted with wallboard body.
--- the technical solution has the technical effect that since triangular shape and bar shaped square steel are metallic hard material, and The outer layer of wallboard body be concrete surface, therefore utilize installation preformed hole and and installation preformed hole cooperation bolt assembly it is more sharp Being fixedly connected between two kinds of unlike material components.
The utility model has the following beneficial effects:
Wallboard prefabricated components and assembled wall provided by the utility model, using the lateral tie extended in its end face, Longitudinal reinforcement and tenon strengthen the bonding strength between contiguous prefabricated component and between the building boundary of construction by stages, It ensure that the whole construction precision of building.
The additional technical feature and its advantage of the utility model will be illustrated in following description content it is more obvious, or It is recognized that by the concrete practice of the utility model.
Detailed description of the invention
It, below will be to specific embodiment in order to illustrate more clearly of the technical solution of specific embodiment of the present invention Attached drawing needed in description is briefly described.It should be evident that the accompanying drawings in the following description is the utility model Some embodiments for those of ordinary skill in the art without creative efforts, can also basis These attached drawings obtain other attached drawings.
Fig. 1 is the perspective view of wallboard prefabricated components provided by the embodiment of the utility model;
Fig. 2 watches figure attentively for wallboard prefabricated components provided by the embodiment of the utility model;
Fig. 3 is the top view of wallboard prefabricated components provided by the embodiment of the utility model;
Fig. 4 is the splicing structure schematic diagram of assembled wall provided by the embodiment of the utility model;
Fig. 5 is longitudinal sectional schematic diagram of assembled wall provided by the embodiment of the utility model.
Icon: 1- wallboard body;2- lateral tie;3- longitudinal reinforcement;4- tenon;5- glass fibre;6- installs preformed hole; 7- connecting column;8- fixed steel bars;9- triangular shape;10- bar shaped square steel.
Specific embodiment
The technical solution of the utility model is clearly and completely described below in conjunction with attached drawing, it is clear that described Embodiment is the utility model a part of the embodiment, instead of all the embodiments.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, originally Field those of ordinary skill every other embodiment obtained without making creative work belongs to practical Novel protected range.
It is in the description of the present invention, it should be noted that term " center ", "upper", "lower", "left", "right", " perpendicular Directly ", the orientation or positional relationship of the instructions such as "horizontal", "inner", "outside" is to be based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, and is only For ease of description the utility model and simplify description, rather than the device or element of indication or suggestion meaning must have it is specific Orientation, be constructed and operated in a specific orientation, therefore should not be understood as limiting the present invention.In addition, term " the One ", " second ", " third " are used for descriptive purposes only and cannot be understood as indicating or suggesting relative importance.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, term " is pacified Dress ", " connected ", " connection " shall be understood in a broad sense, for example, it may be being fixedly connected, may be a detachable connection, or integrally Connection;It can be mechanical connection, be also possible to be electrically connected;Can be directly connected, can also indirectly connected through an intermediary, It can be the connection inside two elements.For the ordinary skill in the art, above-mentioned art can be understood with concrete condition The concrete meaning of language in the present invention.
One, DESCRIPTION OF THE PRIOR ART:
For traditional cast-in-situ steel reinforced concrete and masonry building, prefabrication refer to building part or Whole components are completed in element precast plant produced, then construction site are transported to by corresponding means of transportation, using reliable Mounting means and installation machinery assemble component, become the construction mode having using the building of function.
In the prior art, there is also the defects of itself for prefabricated assembled construction: assembled connection between multiple prefabricated components Integral strength be difficult to ensure, the verticality of plate beam column or levelness are influenced by construction equipment, the building of construction by stages Contour connection intensity is unable to ensure.
Two, technical solutions of the utility model are summarized:
Wallboard prefabricated components provided by the utility model, including wallboard body 1, lateral tie 2, longitudinal reinforcement 3 and tenon 4;For wallboard body 1 in the rectangular flat plate erect, lateral tie 2 and longitudinal reinforcement 3 extend through wallboard body 1, wherein laterally Stirrup 2 extends along the width direction of wallboard body 1, and longitudinal reinforcement 3 extends along the short transverse of wallboard body 1;Wallboard body 1 The end face of the short transverse of the end face and/or wallboard body 1 of width direction is provided with tenon 4.
Assembled wall provided by the utility model, including connecting column 7, fixed steel bars 8 and the prefabricated structure of at least one wallboard Part;One wallboard prefabricated component is set between two neighboring connecting column 7;Fixed steel bars 8 are respectively from top to bottom through two connections Column 7, and the lateral tie 2 at connection wall plate prefabricated member both ends;4 protruding end of tenon is built in connecting column 7.
The technical solution of above-mentioned wallboard prefabricated components, assembled wall can be solved preferably in the prior art prefabricated The problems such as Building Structure Strength existing for assembled architecture, building integral construction precision are difficult to ensure: extend using in its end face Lateral tie 2, longitudinal reinforcement 3 and tenon 4, strengthen between contiguous prefabricated component and the building boundary of construction by stages it Between bonding strength, ensure that the whole construction precision of building.
Three, technical solutions of the utility model specific embodiment:
For above-mentioned prior art, below with reference to specific embodiment to the utility model Technical solution be further explained explanation:
Present embodiments provide a kind of wallboard prefabricated components, in which: Fig. 1 is that wallboard provided by the embodiment of the utility model is pre- The perspective view of component processed;Fig. 2 watches figure attentively for wallboard prefabricated components provided by the embodiment of the utility model;Fig. 3 is that this is practical new The top view for the wallboard prefabricated components that type embodiment provides.As shown in Figures 1 to 3, wallboard prefabricated components include wallboard body 1, cross To stirrup 2, longitudinal reinforcement 3 and tenon 4;Wallboard body 1 is distinguished in the rectangular flat plate erect, lateral tie 2 and longitudinal reinforcement 3 Through wallboard body 1, wherein lateral tie 2 extends along the width direction of wallboard body 1, and longitudinal reinforcement 3 is along wallboard body 1 Short transverse extends;The end face of the short transverse of the end face and/or wallboard body 1 of the width direction of wallboard body 1 is provided with tenon First 4.
It should be noted that the technical program is not related to reinforcing bar drag hook, which holds according to the regulation of designing unit Row.
On the basis of the above embodiments, as shown in Figure 1, 2, 3, further, lateral tie 2 is in rectangle, four edges It is respectively positioned on same level.In the wallboard prefabricated components of the structure, since 2 both ends of lateral tie of rectangle extend outwardly, and Its sideline is located at horizontal plane, and vertical fixed steel bars 8 can be cooperated to realize the spelling for passing through connecting column 7 between adjacent wall board ontology 1 Connect the function of installation.Compared with traditional independent connecting column 7, the drawing between each individual member being separately formed is increased Power improves the overall structural strength of building.
On the basis of the above embodiments, further, lateral tie 2 and longitudinal reinforcement 3 connect solid in wallboard body 1 It is fixed.In the wallboard prefabricated components of the structure, lateral tie 2 is for the spelling between wallboard prefabricated components horizontal direction side pieces It connects, and longitudinal reinforcement 3 is for the splicing between side pieces in wallboard prefabricated components vertical direction.And in wallboard body 1, lead to It crosses the modes such as welding or iron wire binding to be fixedly connected with lateral tie 2 with longitudinal reinforcement 3, it is whole that building can be further increased Tension and compression stress.
It on the basis of the above embodiments, as shown in Figure 1,3, further, further include glass fibre 5;Glass fibre 5 is set It is placed in wallboard body 1.In the wallboard prefabricated components of the structure, supporting material of the glass fibre 5 as reinforced plastics is maximum It is characterized in that tensile strength is big.In addition, glass fibre 5 or excellent heat-insulating material and fire-proof shield material.So in wallboard The insulation that arrangement glass fibre 5 on the basis of improving the mechanical performance of wall, can improve wall in ontology 1 keeps warm and fire prevention Performance.
On the basis of the above embodiments, as shown in Figure 1,3, further, glass fibre 5 in a tubular form, multiple glass fibers Dimension 5 is vertically arranged in wallboard body 1.In the wallboard prefabricated components of the structure, glass fibre 5 in a tubular form, along vertical spy Determine direction and be built in wallboard body 1, can realize above-mentioned improvement machine under the premise of guaranteeing that wallboard body 1 construction itself is complete Tool performance, insulation keep warm and the purpose of fire protecting performance.
It on the basis of the above embodiments, as shown in Figure 1, 2, further, further include installation preformed hole 6;Installation is reserved Hole 6 is horizontally placed in wallboard body 1.In the wallboard prefabricated components of the structure, installation preformed hole 6 is for installing triangular shape 9 or bar shaped square steel 10, to ensure the verticality after wallboard assembly.
The utility model also provides a kind of assembled wall, in which: Fig. 4 is assembled provided by the embodiment of the utility model The splicing structure schematic diagram of wall;Fig. 5 is longitudinal sectional schematic diagram of assembled wall provided by the embodiment of the utility model.Such as Fig. 4, shown in 5, assembled wall provided in this embodiment includes connecting column 7, fixed steel bars 8 and the prefabricated structure of at least one wallboard Part;One wallboard prefabricated component is set between two neighboring connecting column 7;Fixed steel bars 8 are respectively from top to bottom through two connections Column 7, and the lateral tie 2 at connection wall plate prefabricated member both ends;4 protruding end of tenon is built in connecting column 7.
On the basis of the above embodiments, as shown in figure 5, further including triangular shape 9 further;The one of triangular shape 9 A right-angle side fitting is set to the inner wall of wallboard body 1, another right-angle side is bonded upper surface or the following table for being set to floor Face.In the assembled wall of the structure, the vertical sideline of two of triangular shape 9 is bonded two orthogonal planes respectively, Served using the rigidity of steel itself and supported and fixed, guarantees the vertical stabilization of wall.
On the basis of the above embodiments, as shown in figure 5, further including bar shaped square steel 10 further;Bar shaped square steel 10 1 End fitting is set to the outer wall of lower section wallboard body 1, and other end fitting is set to the outer wall of top wallboard body 1.In the structure Assembled wall in, bar shaped square steel 10 is connected to two wallboard bodies 1 up and down, and the exterior wall of building is made to be maintained at same vertical Face.
On the basis of the above embodiments, as shown in figure 5, further, triangular shape 9 and/or bar shaped square steel 10 pass through Preformed hole 6 is installed and wallboard body 1 is fixedly mounted.In the assembled wall of the structure, due to triangular shape 9 and bar shaped square steel 10 be metallic hard material, and the outer layer of wallboard body 1 is concrete surface, therefore utilizes installation preformed hole 6 and and install pre- The bolt assembly of 6 cooperations of boxing out is more conducive to being fixedly connected between two kinds of unlike material components.
Finally, it should be noted that the above various embodiments is only to illustrate the technical solution of the utility model, rather than it is limited System;Although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the aforementioned embodiments, those skilled in the art should Understand: it is still possible to modify the technical solutions described in the foregoing embodiments, or to some or all of Technical characteristic is equivalently replaced;And these are modified or replaceed, it does not separate the essence of the corresponding technical solution, and this is practical new The range of each embodiment technical solution of type.
In addition, it will be appreciated by those of skill in the art that although above-mentioned some embodiments include institute in other embodiments Including certain features rather than other feature, but the combination of the feature of different embodiment means to be in the utility model Within the scope of and form different embodiments.For example, embodiment claimed is appointed in claims above Meaning one of can in any combination mode come using.In addition, the information disclosed in the background technology section is intended only to add The understanding of the deep general background technology to the utility model, and be not construed as recognizing or implying in any form the information structure At the prior art known to those skilled in the art.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of wallboard prefabricated components, which is characterized in that including wallboard body, lateral tie, longitudinal reinforcement and tenon;
For the wallboard body in the rectangular flat plate erect, the lateral tie and the longitudinal reinforcement extend through the wallboard Ontology, wherein the lateral tie extends along the width direction of the wallboard body, and the longitudinal reinforcement is along the wallboard body Short transverse extend;
The end face of the short transverse of the end face of the width direction of the wallboard body and/or the wallboard body is provided with the tenon Head.
2. wallboard prefabricated components according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the lateral tie is in rectangle, four edges It is respectively positioned on same level.
3. wallboard prefabricated components according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the lateral tie and the longitudinal reinforcement exist It is connected and fixed in the wallboard body.
4. wallboard prefabricated components according to claim 1, which is characterized in that further include glass fibre;The glass fibre It is set in the wallboard body.
5. wallboard prefabricated components according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the glass fibre is in a tubular form, multiple described Glass fibre is vertically arranged in the wallboard body.
6. wallboard prefabricated components according to claim 1, which is characterized in that further include installation preformed hole;The installation is pre- It boxes out and is horizontally placed in the wallboard body.
7. a kind of assembled wall, which is characterized in that including connecting column, fixed steel bars and at least one wallboard prefabricated component;Phase A wallboard prefabricated components are set between adjacent two connecting columns;Fixed steel bars run through two connecting columns from top to bottom respectively, and even Connect the lateral tie at wallboard prefabricated components both ends;Tenon protruding end is built in connecting column.
8. assembled wall according to claim 7, which is characterized in that further include triangular shape;One of triangular shape Right-angle side is bonded the inner wall for being set to wallboard body, another right-angle side is bonded the upper surface or lower surface for being set to floor.
9. assembled wall according to claim 8, which is characterized in that further include bar shaped square steel;Bar shaped square steel one end patch The outer wall for being set to lower section wallboard body is closed, other end fitting is set to the outer wall of top wallboard body.
10. assembled wall according to claim 9, which is characterized in that triangular shape and/or bar shaped square steel pass through installation Preformed hole and wallboard body are fixedly mounted.
CN201821915827.5U 2018-11-20 2018-11-20 A kind of wallboard prefabricated components and assembled wall Active CN209244002U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201821915827.5U CN209244002U (en) 2018-11-20 2018-11-20 A kind of wallboard prefabricated components and assembled wall

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201821915827.5U CN209244002U (en) 2018-11-20 2018-11-20 A kind of wallboard prefabricated components and assembled wall

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN209244002U true CN209244002U (en) 2019-08-13

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Country Link
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