CN209231008U - A kind of topsoil sampler - Google Patents

A kind of topsoil sampler Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209231008U
CN209231008U CN201822177360.5U CN201822177360U CN209231008U CN 209231008 U CN209231008 U CN 209231008U CN 201822177360 U CN201822177360 U CN 201822177360U CN 209231008 U CN209231008 U CN 209231008U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
scraper bowl
support frame
baffle
locating rod
topsoil
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201822177360.5U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李强
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Tianjin Vocational Institute
Original Assignee
Tianjin Vocational Institute
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Tianjin Vocational Institute filed Critical Tianjin Vocational Institute
Priority to CN201822177360.5U priority Critical patent/CN209231008U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN209231008U publication Critical patent/CN209231008U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses topsoil sampler, the front end of swingle is connect with scraper bowl by shaft to be used to that scraper bowl to be driven to overturn, and the front end of locating rod is connect by positioning pin with scraper bowl;Support frame is equipped with sliding rail towards the side of scraper bowl, and one end of locating rod is slidably mounted in sliding rail, and support frame is equipped with elevating mechanism, and the top of elevating mechanism is connect with locating rod;The front end of scraper bowl is formed with shovel board, and a support frame is formed in scraper bowl, and a baffle is equipped in support frame, the card slot matched with baffle is formed on the inner wall of support frame, and be symmetrically installed with limit spring for postive stop baffle in the inner wall of the card slot.The sampling amount of scraper bowl is big, baffle takes out the sundries or rubble that topsoil has in sampling process, baffle is mounted in the card slot of scraper bowl by limit spring, avoid the position for occurring baffle due to vibration in sampling mobile, after the completion of sampling, scraper bowl is overturn along shaft, and the soil sample of acquisition is concentrated.

Description

A kind of topsoil sampler
Technical field
The utility model belongs to soil sample equipment technical field, more particularly, to a kind of topsoil sampler.
Background technique
The dielectric object of environment measuring be broadly divided into water quality detection, air detection, Soil K+adsorption, solid waste detection, Biological detection etc..The acquisition of pedotheque is utilization of agricultural resources utilization and environmental science to soil nutrient and pollution degree evaluation The premise of analysis is one of the element task of scientific worker for being engaged in soil investigation work science and technology.Accurately, suitable to acquire not With the soil of depth, representational sample is chosen, directly affects the accuracy and precision of test analysis, is measurement result energy The important prerequisite condition of no reflection soil environment situation strictly according to the facts.Single sampling amount is small, and it is low and native to not only result in sampling efficiency Earth profile features are difficult to differentiate.
Think in agrology, upper soll layer soil is generally referred to as the soil layer of 0-200mm thickness in soil, due to having developed Entirely, the content highest of the nutrient of topsoil and organic matter;Topsoil is also the interface that the soil body is contacted with environment simultaneously, carries and From the various substances in environment.Research topsoil is of great significance for instructing crop-planting and disclosing soil pollution situation.
Existing sampler is needed before sampling when carrying out the sampling of earth's surface topsoil by the surface dust of upper soll layer and miscellaneous Object is sampled again after carrying out manual cleaning, and when soil sample often touches rubble, and sampling amount is less, is needed continuous Repeatedly, sampling is time-consuming and laborious, and working efficiency is low for acquisition.
Utility model content
The surface layer that the purpose of the utility model is to provide a kind of structures is simple, easy to operate, sampling amount is big, sampling efficiency is high Soil sampling apparatus.
The technical solution of the utility model is as follows:
A kind of topsoil sampler, including scraper bowl, support frame, installation locating rod on the support frame and swingle, The front end of the swingle is connect with scraper bowl by shaft to be used to that scraper bowl to be driven to overturn, and the front end of the locating rod passes through positioning Pin is connect with scraper bowl;
Support frame as described above is equipped with sliding rail towards the side of scraper bowl, and one end of the locating rod is slidably mounted in sliding rail, institute Support frame is stated equipped with elevating mechanism, the top of the elevating mechanism is connect for driving locating rod along sliding rail liter with locating rod Drop;
The front end of the scraper bowl is formed with shovel board, and a support frame is formed in the scraper bowl, one is equipped in support frame Baffle is formed with the card slot matched with baffle on the inner wall of the support frame, and is symmetrically installed in the inner wall of the card slot limited Position spring is to be used for postive stop baffle.
In the above-mentioned technical solutions, the cross section of the scraper bowl is C-shaped, and the baffle plate setting is in the scraper bowl close to shovel board Place, and the bottom of baffle is higher than the bottom surface of scraper bowl.
In the above-mentioned technical solutions, the lower end of the baffle forms an inclined surface, and between the inclined surface and horizontal plane Angle is 15 ° -35 °.
In the above-mentioned technical solutions, caging bolt is installed for fixing limit spring, and limit bullet on the card slot One end of spring is in contact with baffle.
In the above-mentioned technical solutions, support frame as described above is equipped with power supply box, and the rear side top of the scraper bowl is equipped with infrared biography Sensor, the infrared sensor are electrically connected with power supply box.
In the above-mentioned technical solutions, support frame as described above is equipped with headlamp, the headlamp and institute towards the side of scraper bowl State power supply box electrical connection.
In the above-mentioned technical solutions, the elevating mechanism includes lifting cylinder and impeller-hub, the output of the lifting cylinder Axis and promotion axis connection, the top of the impeller-hub are connect with locating rod, and the lifting cylinder installation is on the support frame.
In the above-mentioned technical solutions, the bottom of support frame as described above is equipped with universal wheel, is equipped with pushing hands on the support frame to be used for Push support frame mobile.
In the above-mentioned technical solutions, the locating rod is being supported by a strut being laterally arranged with being used to enhance locating rod Support force on frame.
In the above-mentioned technical solutions, the support frame is U-shaped frame, and the side towards shovel board is arranged in the opening of U-shaped frame.
The utility model has the advantages and positive effects of:
1. the sampling amount of scraper bowl is big, baffle takes out the sundries or rubble that topsoil has in sampling process, and baffle is logical It crosses limit spring to be mounted in the card slot of scraper bowl, avoids the position for occurring baffle due to vibration in sampling mobile, sampling After the completion, scraper bowl is overturn along shaft, and the soil sample of acquisition is concentrated.
2. elevating mechanism pushes swingle to move up, so that scraper bowl realizes overturning, the table sampled in scraper bowl is quickly collected Layer soil, and the barrier of the infrared sensor detection sample point on scraper bowl, avoid influencing sampling due to excessive barrier Work.
3. the pushing hands being arranged on the universal wheel and support frame of support frame bottom setting pushes sampler convenient for staff It is mobile, the flexibility of sampler is improved, it is applied widely.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the topsoil sampler of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the usage state diagram of the topsoil sampler of the utility model;
Fig. 3 is the top view of scraper bowl in the utility model;
Fig. 4 is the sectional view of baffle in the utility model;
Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of baffle in the utility model.
In figure:
1, pushing hands 2, support frame 3, sliding rail
4, power supply box 5, universal wheel 6, elevating mechanism
7, lifting cylinder 8, swingle 9, shaft
10, scraper bowl 11, shovel board 12, baffle
13, infrared sensor 14, positioning pin 15, locating rod
16, card slot 17, caging bolt 18, limit spring
19, headlamp
Specific embodiment
The utility model is described in further detail below in conjunction with specific embodiment.It should be appreciated that described herein Specific embodiment is used only for explaining the utility model, is not used to limit the utility model, is never limited in the utility model Protection scope.
Embodiment 1
As Figure 1-Figure 5, the topsoil sampler of the utility model, including scraper bowl 10, support frame 2, be mounted on The front end of locating rod 15 and swingle 8 on support frame 2, swingle 8 is connect with scraper bowl 10 by shaft 9 to be used to drive scraper bowl The front end of 10 overturnings, locating rod 15 is connect by positioning pin 14 with scraper bowl 10.
Above-mentioned support frame 2 is equipped with sliding rail 3 towards the side of scraper bowl 10, and one end of locating rod 15 is slidably mounted in sliding rail 3, Support frame 2 is equipped with elevating mechanism 6, and the top of elevating mechanism 6 is connect for driving locating rod 15 along sliding rail 3 with locating rod 15 Lifting.
The cross section of above-mentioned scraper bowl 10 is C-shaped, and the front bottom end of scraper bowl 10 is formed with shovel board 11, is formed with one in scraper bowl 10 Support frame is equipped with a baffle 12 in support frame, and support frame is U-shaped frame, and the opening of U-shaped frame is arranged in towards shovel board 11 Side is formed with the card slot 16 matched with baffle 12 on the inner wall of support frame, and is symmetrically installed in the inner wall of card slot 16 limited Position spring 18 is to be used for postive stop baffle 12, and baffle 12 is arranged in scraper bowl 10 at shovel board 11, and the bottom of baffle 12 is higher than shovel The bottom surface of bucket 10.
Above-mentioned elevating mechanism 6 includes lifting cylinder 7 and impeller-hub, and the output shaft and promotion axis connection of lifting cylinder 7 push The top of axis is connect with locating rod 15, and lifting cylinder 7 is mounted on support frame 2.
It further says, the lower end of baffle 12 forms an inclined surface, and the angle between the inclined surface and horizontal plane is 15°-35°。
It further says, caging bolt 17 is installed for fixing limit spring 18, and limit spring 18 on card slot 16 One end be in contact with baffle 12.
When using sampler, locating rod 15 is fixedly connected by positioning pin 14 with scraper bowl 10, with guarantee scraper bowl 10 and 8 position of swingle is fixed, rear bucket 10 start to work, the shovel board 11 and ground on scraper bowl 10 are touched for by topsoil Earth, which scoops up, to be delivered to inside scraper bowl 10, when topsoil enters scraper bowl 10, first passes through baffle 12, due to the lower end shape of baffle 12 At inclined surface and horizontal plane between angle be 15 ° -35 °, and the inclined surface be higher than scraper bowl 10 accommodating chamber position, baffle 12 effectively remove surface dust and sundries on soil layer surface, and surface dust and sundries can be cleaned out along the inclination facing external of baffle 12 It goes, remaining topsoil can be with centralized collection to the inside of scraper bowl 10.The both ends of baffle 12 are separately mounted to the card of support frame In slot 16, the position of baffle 12 is limited in card slot 16 by limit spring 18, to avoid baffle 12 in use due to vibration and Influence the position of baffle 12.After the topsoil in scraper bowl 10 is collected, the positioning pin 14 in locating rod 15, starting lifting are unclamped The lifting cylinder 7 of mechanism 6, so that swingle 8 is run up along sliding rail 3, after scraper bowl 10 rises to suitable location, work people Member's rotation scraper bowl 10 is overturn along shaft, so that the soil acquired in scraper bowl 10 is transported in the device of soil collection, to complete The work of topsoil sampling.
The sampling amount of scraper bowl 10 is big, and baffle 12 is effectively gone out rubble or sundries in topsoil, does not need continuous several times Sampling, improves sampling efficiency.
Embodiment 2
On the basis of embodiment 1, the bottom of support frame 2 is equipped with universal wheel 5, is equipped with pushing hands 1 on support frame 2 to be used for Push support frame 2 mobile.
It further says, support frame 2 is equipped with power supply box 4, and the rear side top of scraper bowl 10 is equipped with infrared sensor 13, infrared Sensor 13 is electrically connected with power supply box 4, and infrared sensor 13 starts in sampler use, detects the obstacle of sampling spot Object avoids the normal use for influencing scraper bowl 10 there are biggish barrier in sample point, preferably to improve sampler Operation.
Embodiment 3
On the basis of embodiment 1, locating rod 15 is being propped up by a strut being laterally arranged with being used to enhance locating rod 15 Support force on support 2.Support frame 2 is equipped with headlamp 19 towards the side of scraper bowl 10, and headlamp 19 is electrically connected with power supply box 4 It connects.
In insufficient light, opening headlamp 19 is that staff supplements light source, illumination is provided, convenient for preferably sampling table Layer soil.
Embodiment 4
On the basis of embodiment 1, universal wheel 5 can be by motor driven, so that sampler is more automatically gone Into.Wherein, motor uses model DM089090.
The spatially relative terms such as "upper", "lower", "left", "right" have been used in embodiment for ease of explanation, have been used for Relationship of the elements or features relative to another elements or features shown in explanatory diagram.It should be understood that in addition to figure Shown in except orientation, spatial terminology is intended to include the different direction of device in use or operation.For example, if in figure Device be squeezed, the element for being stated as being located at other elements or feature "lower" will be located into other elements or feature "upper". Therefore, exemplary term "lower" may include both upper and lower orientation.Device, which can be positioned in other ways, (to be rotated by 90 ° or position In other orientation), it can be interpreted accordingly used herein of the opposite explanation in space.
Moreover, the relational terms of such as " first " and " second " or the like are used merely to one with another with identical The component of title distinguishes, without necessarily requiring or implying between these components there are any this actual relationship or Sequentially.
One embodiment of the utility model is described in detail above, but the content is only the utility model Preferred embodiment should not be considered as limiting the scope of the present invention.It is all to be made according to application scope of the utility model Equivalent variations and improve etc., should still belong within the patent covering scope of the utility model.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of topsoil sampler, it is characterised in that: including scraper bowl, support frame, the locating rod of installation on the support frame And swingle, the front end of the swingle is connect with scraper bowl by shaft to be used to that scraper bowl to be driven to overturn, before the locating rod End is connect by positioning pin with scraper bowl;
Support frame as described above is equipped with sliding rail towards the side of scraper bowl, and one end of the locating rod is slidably mounted in sliding rail, the branch Support is equipped with elevating mechanism, and the top of the elevating mechanism is connect for driving locating rod to go up and down along sliding rail with locating rod;
The front end of the scraper bowl is formed with shovel board, and a support frame is formed in the scraper bowl, and a baffle is equipped in support frame, It is formed with the card slot matched with baffle on the inner wall of the support frame, and is symmetrically installed with limit spring in the inner wall of the card slot To be used for postive stop baffle.
2. topsoil sampler according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the cross section of the scraper bowl is C-shaped, institute Baffle plate setting is stated in the scraper bowl at shovel board, and the bottom of baffle is higher than the bottom surface of scraper bowl.
3. topsoil sampler according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: the lower end of the baffle forms an inclination Face, and the angle between the inclined surface and horizontal plane is 15 ° -35 °.
4. topsoil sampler according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: be equipped with caging bolt on the card slot To be used to fix limit spring, and one end of limit spring is in contact with baffle.
5. topsoil sampler described in any one of -4 according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: on support frame as described above Equipped with power supply box, the rear side top of the scraper bowl is equipped with infrared sensor, and the infrared sensor is electrically connected with power supply box.
6. topsoil sampler according to claim 5, it is characterised in that: support frame as described above is towards the side of scraper bowl It is equipped with headlamp, the headlamp is electrically connected with the power supply box.
7. topsoil sampler according to claim 6, it is characterised in that: the elevating mechanism includes lifting cylinder And impeller-hub, the output shaft of the lifting cylinder and promotion axis connection, the top of the impeller-hub are connect with locating rod, the liter Sending down abnormally ascending cylinder is installed on the support frame.
8. topsoil sampler according to claim 7, it is characterised in that: the bottom of support frame as described above is equipped with universal Wheel is equipped with pushing hands for pushing support frame mobile on the support frame.
9. topsoil sampler according to claim 8, it is characterised in that: the locating rod passes through a laterally setting Strut for enhancing the support force of locating rod on the support frame.
10. topsoil sampler according to claim 9, it is characterised in that: the support frame is U-shaped frame, and U-shaped The side towards shovel board is arranged in the opening of frame.
CN201822177360.5U 2018-12-24 2018-12-24 A kind of topsoil sampler Expired - Fee Related CN209231008U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201822177360.5U CN209231008U (en) 2018-12-24 2018-12-24 A kind of topsoil sampler

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201822177360.5U CN209231008U (en) 2018-12-24 2018-12-24 A kind of topsoil sampler

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN209231008U true CN209231008U (en) 2019-08-09

Family

ID=67508887

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201822177360.5U Expired - Fee Related CN209231008U (en) 2018-12-24 2018-12-24 A kind of topsoil sampler

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN209231008U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111487088A (en) * 2020-04-13 2020-08-04 河海大学 Urban drainage pipeline sediment in-situ sampling device

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111487088A (en) * 2020-04-13 2020-08-04 河海大学 Urban drainage pipeline sediment in-situ sampling device
CN111487088B (en) * 2020-04-13 2022-02-11 河海大学 Urban drainage pipeline sediment in-situ sampling device

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20190809

Termination date: 20201224