CN209005967U - Cyclone separator for airflow crushing system of fluidized bed - Google Patents

Cyclone separator for airflow crushing system of fluidized bed Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209005967U
CN209005967U CN201821624007.0U CN201821624007U CN209005967U CN 209005967 U CN209005967 U CN 209005967U CN 201821624007 U CN201821624007 U CN 201821624007U CN 209005967 U CN209005967 U CN 209005967U
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separator body
fluidized bed
shaft
discharge port
crushing system
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CN201821624007.0U
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Chinese (zh)
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张勇
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Qingdao Yanhai Carbon Material Co Ltd
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Qingdao Yanhai Carbon Material Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of cyclone separators for airflow crushing system of fluidized bed, it is related to dry material disintegrating apparatus technical field, its key points of the technical solution are that including separator body, the side of separator body offers feed inlet, the upper end of separator body offers gas outlet, and the lower end of separator body offers discharge port;Separator body is internally provided with cutting agency, and cutting agency includes blanking bracket, the driving shaft for being rotationally connected with blanking cradle top and is fixed in turntable of the driving shaft far from separator body one end, eccentric setting in the shaft of turntable and the actuator of driving driving shaft rotation;Connecting rod is rotatably connected in shaft, connecting rod is rotatably connected to inserted link far from one end of shaft, and inserted link vertically slides and is connected to blanking bracket.The utility model solves the problems, such as that inconvenience falls the graphite powder for getting lodged in cyclone separator discharge port, has achieved the effect that convenient for falling the graphite powder for getting lodged in cyclone separator discharge port.

Description

Cyclone separator for airflow crushing system of fluidized bed
Technical field
The utility model relates to dry material disintegrating apparatus technical fields, more specifically, it is related to one kind for fluidizing The cyclone separator of bed airflow comminution system.
Background technique
Graphite powder is process getting to graphite by airflow crushing system of fluidized bed;Fluid bed airflow milling system System includes airslide disintegrating mill, cyclone separator, deduster and air-introduced machine;Specific work process is as follows: compressed air is through filtering After drying, by Laval nozzle high speed spurt into crushing chamber, at the joint of multiply high pressure draught material by impact several times, Friction is sheared and is crushed, and smashed material moves to graded region with ascending air under blower draft effect, in high speed rotation Stage turbine generate powerful centrifugal force effect under, make thickness feed separation, the fine grained for meeting granularity requirements passes through classification Wheel enters cyclone separator and deduster is collected, and coarse granule, which drops to disintegrating area, to be continued to crush.
The prior art can refer to the Chinese utility model patent that Authorization Notice No. is CN207169954U, and it discloses one kind Airflow crushing system of fluidized bed, including First Heat Exchanger, air freeze drier, the second heat exchanger, air heater, fluidized bed Pulverizer, cyclone separator, bag filter and air-introduced machine.
But when containing water in graphite powder, graphite powder can bond together, the graphite powder to bond together may incite somebody to action The discharge port of cyclone separator is blocked, and the not set cutting agency of above-mentioned cyclone separator, and inconvenience makes the discharging for getting lodged in separator Mouth graphite powder is fallen, graphite powder discharging inconvenient in this way.
Utility model content
In view of the deficienciess of the prior art, the purpose of this utility model is to provide one kind to be used for fluid bed airflow milling The cyclone separator of system can be such that the graphite powder for getting lodged in cyclone separator discharge port falls by setting cutting agency, this Sample is convenient for graphite powder discharging.
To achieve the above object, the utility model provides following technical solution: one kind is for fluid bed airflow milling system The cyclone separator of system, including the separator body being vertically arranged, the upper end of the separator body offers gas outlet, described The side of separator body offers feed inlet, and the lower end of the separator body offers discharge port;The separator body Be internally provided with cutting agency, the cutting agency includes the blanking bracket for being fixed in separator body inner wall, rotation connection In blanking cradle top driving shaft and be fixed in turntable of the driving shaft far from separator body one end, eccentric setting in turntable Shaft and driving driving shaft rotation actuator;Connecting rod is rotatably connected in the shaft, the connecting rod is far from shaft One end is rotatably connected to inserted link, and the inserted link vertically slides and is connected to blanking bracket.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, after discharge port is plugged, driving shaft rotation, driving shaft are driven by actuator Rotation drives turntable rotation, and turntable rotation drives shaft rotation, and shaft rotation drives connecting rod mobile, and connecting rod is mobile to drive inserted link edge It vertically moves reciprocatingly, in this way convenient for dredging discharge port, thus convenient for graphite powder discharging.
The utility model is further arranged to: being provided on the lateral wall of the separator body for separator body The vibration component vibrated.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, after graphite powder bonds together, can first pass through vibration component makes to be bonded in one The graphite powder risen separates, and dredges in this way convenient for blanking component to discharge port.
The utility model is further arranged to: the vibration component includes multiple circumferentially distributed skies along separator body Pneumatic hammer.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, pneumatic hammer has the advantage that single beat, and movement generates an impact every time Wave;High-strength aluminum alloy cure process, it is light-weight;Impact force can adjust on demand with impact interval time;Utilize the suction of magnet Put forth effort, so that tup is generated pressure accumulation function, improve the impact force of pneumatic hammer;Pneumatic hammer power output can be made single just for a small range Impact influences other equipment minimum.
The utility model is further arranged to: is provided on the lateral wall of the separator body for carrying out to discharge port The air blowing component of air blowing.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, when cutting agency dredges discharge port, by air blowing component to discharging Mouth is blown, and can reduce the time used in dredging discharge port in this way.
The utility model is further arranged to: the air blowing component includes the annular for being fixed in separator body lateral wall It manages, multiple tracheaes for tilting down setting is communicated on the ring pipe, the one end of the tracheae far from ring pipe is through separation The side wall of device ontology and offer stomata;Be communicated with connecting tube on the ring pipe, the connecting tube far from ring pipe one End is connected to gas source;The connecting tube is provided with shut-off valve close to one end of ring pipe.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, shut-off valve is opened, compressed air enters ring pipe, then enters gas from ring pipe Pipe finally blows to discharge port from stomata, can apply downward power to the graphite powder in discharge port in this way, thus convenient for that will go out Material mouth dredging.
The utility model is further arranged to: the inserted link is provided with sharp portion far from one end of connecting rod.
The penetration power of inserted link can be made bigger, can be added in this way by the way that sharp portion is arranged by using above-mentioned technical proposal The speed of fast dredging discharge port.
The utility model is further arranged to: the blanking bracket is connected with the set being vertically arranged close to one end of turntable Cylinder, the inserted link vertically slide and are connected to sleeve lining.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, the inner wall of sleeve has guiding role to inserted link, can reduce inserted link in this way and exist A possibility that vertically deviateing in slipping.
The utility model is further arranged to: the actuator is air motor, the output shaft of the air motor and master Moving axis is fixedly connected far from one end of turntable.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, air motor has the advantage that small in size be convenient for for motor Installation;High-adaptability, temperature rise is smaller, and revolving speed can change with load, until overload shutdown is any without generating to air motor Damage;Structure is simple, and the service life of air motor is longer;Be not affected by, in addition in water, more dirt, humidity, In the adverse circumstances such as dirty.
In conclusion the utility model has the advantages that compared with the prior art
1. driving driving shaft rotation by actuator, driving shaft rotation drives turntable rotation, turns after discharge port is plugged Disk rotation drives shaft rotation, and shaft rotation drives connecting rod mobile, and connecting rod is mobile to drive inserted link vertically to move reciprocatingly, in this way Convenient for discharge port is dredged, thus convenient for graphite powder discharging;
2. can first pass through vibration component separates the graphite powder to bond together, in this way after graphite powder bonds together Discharge port is dredged convenient for blanking component;
It, in this way can be with 3. blown by air blowing component to discharge port when cutting agency dredges discharge port Reduce the time used in dredging discharge port.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the overall structure diagram of embodiment;
Fig. 2 is the partial sectional view that cutting agency is highlighted in embodiment;
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram that air blowing component is highlighted in embodiment.
In figure: 1, separator body;11, gas outlet;12, discharge port;13, feed inlet;2, cutting agency;21, blanking branch Frame;211, sleeve;22, driving shaft;23, turntable;24, shaft;25, actuator;26, connecting rod;27, inserted link;271, sharp portion;3, Vibration component;31, pneumatic hammer;4, air blowing component;41, ring pipe;42, tracheae;421, stomata;43, connecting tube;44, shut-off valve.
Specific embodiment
The utility model is described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawing.The wherein identical attached drawing of identical components Label indicates.It should be noted that word "front", "rear" used in the following description, "left", "right", "up" and "down" refer to It is the direction in attached drawing, word " bottom surface " and " top surface ", "inner" and "outside" are referred respectively to towards or away from particular elements geometry The direction at center.
Embodiment: a kind of cyclone separator for airflow crushing system of fluidized bed, as shown in Figure 1, including being vertically arranged Separator body 1, the upper end of separator body 1 offers gas outlet 11, and the side of separator body 1 offers feed inlet 13, the lower end of separator body 1 offers discharge port 12;Separator body 1 is internally provided with cutting agency 2.It crushed Graphite powder enters in separator body 1 from feed inlet 13, and the light impurity of the comparison in graphite powder flows from gas outlet 11 with air-flow Out;And graphite powder can be fallen at discharge port 12, be to carry out at regular intervals to the graphite powder at discharge port 12 in actual production Pack processing will cause graphite point to bond together, be likely to result in discharge port so at this time if containing water in graphite powder 12 blockings;When discharge port 12 blocks, discharge port 12 is dredged by cutting agency 2, is convenient for graphite powder from discharging in this way Mouth 12 flows out.
As shown in Figure 1, being provided with the vibration for being vibrated to separator body 1 on the lateral wall of separator body 1 Component 3, vibration component 3 include multiple circumferentially distributed pneumatic hammers 31 along separator body 1.When graphite powder bonds together Afterwards, pneumatic hammer 31 can first be started, pneumatic hammer 31 drives the lower end vibration of separator body 1, can make the graphite powder to bond together It separates, discharge port 12 is dredged convenient for blanking component in this way.
As shown in Fig. 2, cutting agency 2 includes the blanking bracket 21 for being fixed in 1 inner wall of separator body, is rotationally connected with down Expect the driving shaft 22 at 21 top of bracket and is fixed in turntable 23, eccentric setting of the driving shaft 22 far from 1 one end of separator body In the actuator 25 that the shaft 24 and driving driving shaft 22 of turntable 23 rotate;Actuator 25 is air motor, air motor Output shaft is fixedly connected with driving shaft 22 far from one end of turntable 23;Driving shaft 22 is horizontally disposed, and turntable 23 is vertically arranged;Shaft Connecting rod 26 is rotatably connected on 24, connecting rod 26 is rotatably connected to inserted link 27 far from one end of shaft 24, and inserted link 27 is far from connecting rod 26 One end be provided with sharp portion 271, the corresponding discharge port 12 of sharp portion 271 is arranged, and inserted link 27 vertically slides and is connected to blanking branch Frame 21.Start air motor, air motor drives driving shaft 22 to rotate, and the rotation of driving shaft 22 drives turntable 23 to rotate, turntable 23 Rotation drives shaft 24 to rotate, and the rotation of shaft 24 drives connecting rod 26 mobile, and connecting rod 26 is mobile to drive inserted link 27 vertically to do back and forth Movement is convenient for dredging discharge port 12 in this way.
As shown in Fig. 2, blanking bracket 21 is connected with the sleeve 211 being vertically arranged, 27 edge of inserted link close to one end of turntable 23 Vertical sliding is connected to the inner wall of sleeve 211.The inner wall of sleeve 211 has guiding role to inserted link 27, can reduce so slotting A possibility that bar 27 deviates in vertically slipping.
As shown in figures 1 and 3, it is provided on the lateral wall of separator body 1 and is blown for what is blown to discharge port 12 Pneumatic module 4, air blowing component 4 include being fixed in the ring pipe 41 of 1 lateral wall of separator body, be communicated on ring pipe 41 it is multiple to Under the tracheae 42 that is obliquely installed, the one end of tracheae 42 far from ring pipe 41 through separator body 1 side wall and offer gas Hole 421;Connecting tube 43 is communicated on ring pipe 41, connecting tube 43 is connected to far from one end of ring pipe 41 with gas source;Connecting tube 43 One end close to ring pipe 41 is provided with shut-off valve 44.Shut-off valve 44 is opened, compressed air enters ring pipe 41, then from annular Pipe 41 enters tracheae 42, finally blows to discharge port 12 from stomata 421, the graphite powder in discharge port 12 can be applied in this way to Under power;When cutting agency 2 dredges discharge port 12, is blown by air blowing component 4 to discharge port 12, in this way may be used To reduce the time used in dredging discharge port 12.
Application method of this kind for the cyclone separator of airflow crushing system of fluidized bed is as follows:
After graphite powder bonds together, it can first start pneumatic hammer 31, pneumatic hammer 31 drives the lower end vibration of separator body 1 It is dynamic, the graphite powder to bond together can be made to separate;Then start air motor, air motor drives driving shaft 22 to rotate, actively The rotation of axis 22 drives turntable 23 to rotate, and the rotation of turntable 23 drives shaft 24 to rotate, and the rotation of shaft 24 drives connecting rod 26 mobile, connecting rod 26 mobile drive inserted links 27 vertically move reciprocatingly, and are convenient for dredging discharge port 12 in this way;Discharge port 12 is dredged in inserted link 27 When, shut-off valve 44 is opened, compressed air enters ring pipe 41, then enters tracheae 42 from ring pipe 41, finally blows from stomata 421 To discharge port 12, downward power can be applied to the graphite powder in discharge port 12 in this way, thus dredging discharge port can be reduced Time used in 12.
The above is only the preferred embodiment of the utility model, and the protection scope of the utility model is not limited merely to Above-described embodiment, technical solution belonging to the idea of the present invention belong to the protection scope of the utility model.It should refer to Out, for those skilled in the art, it is without departing from the principle of the utility model it is several improvement and Retouching, these improvements and modifications also should be regarded as the protection scope of the utility model.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of cyclone separator for airflow crushing system of fluidized bed, special including the separator body (1) being vertically arranged Sign is: the upper end of the separator body (1) offers gas outlet (11), and the side of the separator body (1) offers The lower end of feed inlet (13), the separator body (1) offers discharge port (12);The inside of the separator body (1) is set It is equipped with cutting agency (2), the cutting agency (2) includes the blanking bracket (21) for being fixed in separator body (1) inner wall, rotation The driving shaft (22) that is connected at the top of blanking bracket (21) and driving shaft (22) are fixed in far from separator body (1) one end Turntable (23), eccentric setting are in the shaft (24) of turntable (23) and the actuator (25) of driving driving shaft (22) rotation;It is described It is rotatably connected in shaft (24) connecting rod (26), the connecting rod (26) is rotatably connected to inserted link far from the one end of shaft (24) (27), the inserted link (27) vertically slides and is connected to blanking bracket (21).
2. the cyclone separator according to claim 1 for airflow crushing system of fluidized bed, it is characterised in that: described point The vibration component (3) for being vibrated to separator body (1) is provided on lateral wall from device ontology (1).
3. the cyclone separator according to claim 2 for airflow crushing system of fluidized bed, it is characterised in that: the vibration Dynamic component (3) include multiple circumferentially distributed pneumatic hammers (31) along separator body (1).
4. the cyclone separator according to claim 1 for airflow crushing system of fluidized bed, it is characterised in that: described point The air blowing component (4) for blowing to discharge port (12) is provided on lateral wall from device ontology (1).
5. the cyclone separator according to claim 4 for airflow crushing system of fluidized bed, it is characterised in that: described to blow Pneumatic module (4) includes the ring pipe (41) for being fixed in separator body (1) lateral wall, is communicated on the ring pipe (41) multiple The tracheae (42) of setting is tilted down, the tracheae (42) runs through the side of separator body (1) far from the one end of ring pipe (41) Wall and offer stomata (421);It is communicated with connecting tube (43) on the ring pipe (41), the connecting tube (43) is far from annular One end of pipe (41) is connected to gas source;The connecting tube (43) is provided with shut-off valve (44) close to the one end of ring pipe (41).
6. the cyclone separator according to claim 1 for airflow crushing system of fluidized bed, it is characterised in that: described to insert Bar (27) is provided with sharp portion (271) far from the one end of connecting rod (26).
7. the cyclone separator according to claim 1 for airflow crushing system of fluidized bed, it is characterised in that: under described Material bracket (21) is connected with the sleeve (211) being vertically arranged close to the one end of turntable (23), and the inserted link (27) vertically slides It is connected to sleeve (211) inner wall.
8. the cyclone separator according to claim 1 for airflow crushing system of fluidized bed, it is characterised in that: the drive Moving part (25) is air motor, and the one end of output shaft and driving shaft (22) far from turntable (23) of the air motor is fixed to be connected It connects.
CN201821624007.0U 2018-09-30 2018-09-30 Cyclone separator for airflow crushing system of fluidized bed Active CN209005967U (en)

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CN201821624007.0U CN209005967U (en) 2018-09-30 2018-09-30 Cyclone separator for airflow crushing system of fluidized bed

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110986028A (en) * 2019-12-16 2020-04-10 泰州金泰环保热电有限公司 Intelligent circulating combustion system for large-hearth coal
CN112754038A (en) * 2021-01-08 2021-05-07 河南省林业科学研究院 Device for drying and dedusting fresh pepper and application method thereof
CN114769012A (en) * 2022-02-10 2022-07-22 陆艺丹 Cyclone separator of circulating fluidized bed

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110986028A (en) * 2019-12-16 2020-04-10 泰州金泰环保热电有限公司 Intelligent circulating combustion system for large-hearth coal
CN110986028B (en) * 2019-12-16 2022-03-11 泰州金泰环保热电有限公司 Intelligent circulating combustion system for large-hearth coal
CN112754038A (en) * 2021-01-08 2021-05-07 河南省林业科学研究院 Device for drying and dedusting fresh pepper and application method thereof
CN112754038B (en) * 2021-01-08 2022-08-05 河南省林业科学研究院 Device for drying and dedusting fresh pepper and application method thereof
CN114769012A (en) * 2022-02-10 2022-07-22 陆艺丹 Cyclone separator of circulating fluidized bed

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