CN208995896U - Space truss suspension bridge - Google Patents

Space truss suspension bridge Download PDF

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Publication number
CN208995896U
CN208995896U CN201821550010.2U CN201821550010U CN208995896U CN 208995896 U CN208995896 U CN 208995896U CN 201821550010 U CN201821550010 U CN 201821550010U CN 208995896 U CN208995896 U CN 208995896U
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suspension bridge
towing rope
girder
main push
space truss
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谢肖礼
欧阳平
邓俨峰
覃霞
黄扬
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Guangxi University
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Guangxi University
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of space truss suspension bridges, are mainly made of main push-towing rope, bridge tower, girder and sunpender;Wherein: increasing several between main push-towing rope and girder and fall V structure, inverted V type structure is mainly made of two rigid braces, and the angle of rigid brace and girder is 30 °~60 °, and V structure is made down to constitute several continuous triangular structures with main push-towing rope section, girder section respectively;Also being considered as using main push-towing rope as top boom, girder is lower boom, the V structure that falls is web member and the purlin formula structure with flexible suspension rod.In addition, further respectively having main push-towing rope horizontal-associate between two sides rigidity brace and the tie point of main push-towing rope.The utility model can avoid the risk that vortex-induced vibration causes damage, and newly-increased steel using amount is few, tower top out-of-balance force can be greatly reduced and improve overall stiffness, can effectively solve the problems, such as that suspension bridge " seesaw " effect and flexibility, other mechanical properties also make moderate progress.

Description

Space truss suspension bridge
Technical field
The utility model belongs to suspended-cable structure, and in particular to a kind of space truss suspension bridge.
Background technique
Suspension bridge is current span one of optimal optional bridge type when being more than 1000m, and think the span in 600m or more Also there is very strong competitiveness compared with other bridge types.With the development that world economy is built, communications and transportation is in national economy Status and effect become more and more important.There is an urgent need to build large span, super-large span or surpass between intercontinental, between both sides of the Straits and land island Long span.It can be said that suspension bridge has great superiority in following Longspan Bridge construction, come from academic research It says, the research of large-span suspension bridge is when one of most important and most active field in front axle beam subject.
Suspension bridge is the bridge type using suspension cable as major bearing structures, mainly by main push-towing rope, bridge tower, girder and sunpender group At.Simple structure, stress are clear.Load action is transmitted to main push-towing rope on girder, through sunpender, then final via bridge tower and anchorage It is transmitted to basis.
Suspension bridge is a kind of very ancient bridge type, and early in period in time immemorial, the mankind have just learned to do letter with materials such as rattan, bamboos Easy suspension bridge, this people's row foot bridge built using drag-line support, that is, the suspension bridge blank often said now.Modern times suspension cable Bridge originates from western countries, the Brooklyn Bridge across New York East River built up for 1883, by acknowledged in the world First modern suspension, the bridge overall length 1825m, main span 448m are referred to as " eighth wonder of the world " after building up.New York George Washington Bridge is considered as the large span suspension bridge of First truly in the world, point across 186m+ 1067m+198m.Nowadays more famous in the suspension bridge of external built many Ultra-Long Spans to have: nineteen thirty-seven, the U.S. was built Gold Gate Bridge main span 1280m;The Wella Zha Nuoqiao that the U.S. in 1964 is built, main span 1298m;The great Bei that Denmark in 1998 builds The special bridge of that, main span 1624m;The alum strait Bridge that Japan in 1998 builds, across footpath reach 1991m, are that current world's across footpath is maximum Suspension bridge.
Chinese suspension bridge has the history in more than 2000 years, far away from the people that B.C. 250 years Sichuan Province just has Li Bingsuo to build Row " Zuo bridge " declares the steel cable bridge of Supreme Being's sweet dew 4 years built long hundred rice in the Chinese, more has famous Dujiang weir calm between Tang, Song year Bridge.But the construction of China's modern suspension starting is slower, and before the nineties in last century, although building tens suspension bridges, But span is small, width is narrow, load standard is low.Contemporary Chinese suspension bridge has cracking development after the 1990s, builds up The suspension bridge that many large spans have their own characteristics each.Shantou Bay bridge is the suspension bridge of China's First modernization, is one three across double Cut with scissors prestressed concrete box girder suspension bridge, span 154m+452m+154m;Hong Kong Tsingma Bridge is largest span in the world Combined bridge, double deck are 6 lane roads at the middle and upper levels, and lower layer is two-way each bicycle vapour of double track light railway Yu wind sheltering Lane, main span 1377m;The largest domestic in 2009 is built up across, the second in the world large span suspension bridge --- Xihoumen Bridge, across Degree has reached 1650m;In addition to this, the profit that China also has that main span is 1490m raises the Yangtze Bridge and Jiangyin of main span 1385m is long Jiang great Qiao.These suspension bridges are built up, and show that the technology of China's construction suspension bridge has been located in world forefront.
Suspension bridge structure have stress performance is good, it is big to play the strength of materials, span ability to greatest extent, it is light and handy it is beautiful, Shock resistance is strong, structure type is various and it is good to landform adaptability the features such as, suspension bridge because of its extremely strong span ability, across More the hindrance to traffic such as great rivers, high mountain gorge, bay harbour when, often as preferred bridge type.Modern suspension span The progress constantly increased with material science is inseparable.With the development of industrial technology, occur it is many have excellent performance it is novel Material, such as fiber reinforced polymer composites, this kind of strength of materials is high, light-weight, and such as carbon fiber-reinforced resin therein is strong Degree reaches 3000Mpa, and weight is only the 1/5 of steel.If this kind of Materials with High Strength is used on large-span suspension bridge, certainly due to it Body weight is small, and gravity stiffness is small, only by increasing the weight of girder and bridge deck, suspension bridge could be made to reach certain rigid Degree, Materials with High Strength are difficult to play a role, it is therefore desirable to and novel structural system is studied, the tensile property of material is given full play to, and Not only lean on gravity stiffness.It follows that searce way breaks through the existing structure system of suspension bridge, then Materials with High Strength application On suspension bridge, it will be expected to further increase suspended span and it made to obtain better mechanical property.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is that reduce suspension bridge tower top out-of-balance force and solve the problems, such as that suspension bridge rigidity is too poor, Propose a kind of space truss suspension bridge.The solution principle small based on triangular structure stability and purlin formula malformation. The newly-increased steel using amount of the utility model is few, and tower top out-of-balance force can be greatly reduced and improve overall stiffness, can effectively solve to hang Cable bridge " seesaw " effect and flexible problem, other mechanical properties also make moderate progress.
To achieve the goals above, the utility model uses following technical scheme:
A kind of space truss suspension bridge, is mainly made of main push-towing rope, bridge tower, girder and sunpender;Wherein: between main push-towing rope and girder Increase several and fall V structure, inverted V type structure is mainly made of two rigid braces, and the angle theta of rigid brace and girder is 30 ° ~60 °, V structure is made down to constitute several continuous triangular structures with main push-towing rope section, girder section respectively;In space truss suspension bridge Main push-towing rope horizontal-associate is further respectively had between the rigid brace of two sides and the tie point of main push-towing rope.
It is top boom that the utility model, which is also considered as by main push-towing rope, girder is lower boom, the V structure that falls is web member and with flexibility The purlin formula structure of sunpender.The setting of main push-towing rope horizontal-associate can improve the lateral rigidity of structure and increase substantially its torsional rigidity, Structure can be made to avoid the risk for causing vortex-induced vibration to cause damage because flat steel case torsional rigidity is insufficient.
The high advantage of former suspension cable bridge bearing ability has been fully retained in the space truss suspension bridge of the utility model, in newly-increased material In the case where seldom, tower top out-of-balance force can be greatly reduced and improve overall stiffness, also can effectively solve suspension bridge and " lift up Plate " effect and flexible problem, other mechanical properties also make moderate progress.In the present invention, the load in bridge deck is acted on Follow following Path of Force Transfer: girder → sunpender/rigidity brace/main push-towing rope horizontal-associate → main push-towing rope → bridge tower/anchorage → basis.
The utility model further illustrates, when the end bay of space truss suspension bridge is in 100m~500m, in main push-towing rope and master The respectively arranged inverted V type structure in the two sides of beam is 3~5;When the main span of space truss suspension bridge is in 500m~1000m, In the two sides of main push-towing rope and girder, respectively arranged inverted V type structure is 5~9;When the main span of space truss suspension bridge is in 1000m When~1500m, in the two sides of main push-towing rope and girder, respectively arranged inverted V type structure is 9~15;When space truss suspension bridge For main span in 1500m~2000m, in the two sides of main push-towing rope and girder, respectively arranged inverted V type structure is 15~19;Work as space The main span of truss suspension bridge in 2000m or more, in the two sides of main push-towing rope and girder respectively arranged inverted V type structure be 19 with On.
The utility model further illustrates that the inverted V type structure is continuously arranged symmetrically from span centre to both sides, specially two The bottom of two adjacent inverted V type structural members is connected and full-bridge penetrates through.
The utility model further illustrates that the triangular structure is applied to multi-span suspension bridges.Or it is applied to earth anchor Formula suspension bridge or self-anchored suspension bridge.Or it is applied to single bridge deck suspension bridge or multilayer deck suspension bridge.I other words in multitower In suspension bridge, earth anchored suspension bridge, self-anchored suspension bridge, single bridge deck suspension bridge or multilayer deck suspension bridge, can it carry out Corresponding space truss structure setting.
The utility model further illustrates that the main push-towing rope horizontal-associate shape is "-" type, horizontal K-type or rice font.
The utility model further illustrates that horizontal-associate is arranged in the waist of the inverted V type structural member;The shape of the horizontal-associate For "-" type, horizontal K-type or rice font.
The utility model further illustrates that the girder uses girder truss or streamlined flat steel case;The bridge tower For steel construction, concrete structure or steel-concrete combined structure;The main push-towing rope and sunpender is all made of steel strand wires;The rigidity is tiltedly Bar, main push-towing rope horizontal-associate are steel construction.
The utility model further illustrates, the sunpender arrange vertically or in suitable bridge to being triangularly arranged;It is described Sunpender be flexible suspension rod or rigid hanger.
The advantages of the utility model:
1. reducing tower top out-of-balance force and maximum deviation.Newly-increased V structure has good effect of contraction to main push-towing rope and girder, makes The tower top out-of-balance force and deviation of space truss suspension bridge substantially reduce.
2. improving the rigidity of structure.Add several inverted V type structures between the girder and every main push-towing rope of former suspension bridge, make its with Beam section and main rope section constitute several triangular structures, to carry out operative constraint to girder and main push-towing rope, improve the whole of structure Body rigidity.
3. power performance is good.Space truss suspension bridge can effectively improve fundamental frequency in face.
4. sunpender fatigue behaviour improves.The newly-increased rigid brace of space truss suspension bridge, is mainly used for undertaking traveling load With other loads, fatigue properties of the sunpender under live loading can be reduced.
5. eliminating " seesaw " effect.Space truss suspension bridge reasonable stress can eliminate " lifting up under half-span load effect Seesaw " effect.
6. easy for construction, construction technology is mature.
7. the mechanical property that the utility model can be used for improving built suspension bridge, it can also be used to newly-built suspension bridge.
8. improving lateral rigidity and torsional rigidity.Have between the utility model direction across bridge rigidity brace and highly set horizontal-associate enough, The lateral rigidity of suspension bridge can be improved with this, and the torsional rigidity of suspension bridge can be significantly increased, to can avoid because flat Steel box-girder is antitorque insufficient and vortex-induced vibration is caused to bring the risk of structural destruction.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the elevation of space truss suspension bridge.
Fig. 2 is the plan view of space truss suspension bridge.
Fig. 3 is the discontinuous arrangement schematic diagram of triangular structure.
Fig. 4 is suspension bridge by half-span load effect schematic diagram.
Fig. 5 is " seesaw " effect schematic diagram under suspension bridge is acted on by half-span load.
Fig. 6-8 is that the utility model eliminates " seesaw " effect analysis schematic diagram under suspension bridge is acted on by half-span load.
Appended drawing reference: 1- main push-towing rope;2- bridge tower;3- girder;4- rigidity brace;5- main push-towing rope horizontal-associate;6- sunpender.
Specific embodiment
It is illustrated in conjunction with mechanics and its structural principle of Fig. 3-Fig. 8 to the utility model:
Operative constraint is carried out to main push-towing rope and girder 1. introducing triangle theory
Triangle stability is to be acted on based on triangle by nodal force, is at axial deformation state.However, and other Unlike structure, bridge can thus make down V structure be formed by triangle by non-with girder mainly by Moving Loads Nodal force effect, to reduce the stability of triangle to a certain extent, for this purpose, girder need to be arranged close enough flexibility or Rigid hanger increases elastic restraint to girder, improves its Line stiffness to reduce bending deformation, makes triangle and can guarantee and is good Good stability.Based on the above analysis, several inverted V type structures are added between the girder and every main push-towing rope of former suspension bridge, make it Several triangular structures are constituted with beam section and main rope section, to carry out operative constraint to girder and main push-towing rope, improve structure Overall stiffness.
2. the angle of V structure and girder wants moderate
For the connection for keeping the good mechanical characteristic of triangle and facilitating it with beam, should not be too large with girder angle or It is too small, it is relatively reasonable to be usually set to 30 ° to 60 ° of range.
3. the Line stiffness of triangle waist edge and the lateral rigidity of structure
In order to improve the Line stiffness of triangle waist edge, it is contemplated that horizontal-associate is arranged in the middle part of each inverted V type structure, to guarantee structure The local stability of part, in addition, horizontal-associate can also restraining structure transversely deforming, be improved the lateral rigidity of structure.
4. continuously arranging triangle to improve the non-deformability of system
The continuous triangle shape that space truss suspension bridge is added can be such that the non-deformability of structure greatly improves, this is because Power suffered by triangle edges mainly generates axial deformation based on axle power at this time;And when the arrangement of triangle is discontinuous, it will There is beam section and biggish bending deformation occurs under shearing action.It now intercepts its part-structure and following analysis is made to the principle: such as It shown in Fig. 3, arranges that △ ABC discontinuously with adjacency triangle, to isolate beam section CC', is balanced by node C it is found that in CC' Section produces shearing, then will generate shearing and bending deformation in CC' beam section, therefore, the triangle arranged must assure that Continuously to reduce the deformation of structure.
5. inverted V type structure is added in due course to make full use of former Suspension bridge structure superiority
For the advantage for making full use of main rope of suspension bridge bearing capacity high, the participation of falling V structure balanced structure should not be prematurely allowed Dead load (phase and second phase) increases inverted V type newly therefore, it is necessary to install inverted V type structure and its horizontal-associate again by common suspension bridge Cheng Qiaohou Structure is mainly used for undertaking mobile load and other loads, to achieve the purpose that reduce structure deforms under Moving Loads.This Outside, Cheng Qiaohou V structure of constructing down again is also convenient for constructing.
6. the utility model eliminates " seesaw " effect analysis of suspension bridge when being acted on by half-span load
Traditional suspension bridge when being acted on by half-span load (as shown in Figure 4) its " seesaw " deforms (as shown in Figure 5) very Obviously, deformation downwards occurs for the side girder acted on by half-span load, and other side girder occurs upwardly-deformed, this is to driving It is totally unfavorable.
Inverted V type structure is arranged in the utility model between main push-towing rope and girder, when elimination suspension bridge is acted on by half-span load " seesaw " effect analysis it is as follows:
As shown in fig. 7, node D is taken to make equilibrium analysis, by vertically balancing with joint efforts:
N3COSα1+N4COSα2=Q1+Q2+P-T (1)
By (1) Shi Ke get:
From (2) formula:
Work as Q1+Q2+ P > T+N4COSα2When, N3> 0 exists.
A point is similarly taken to balance it is found that N1> 0 exists;B point is taken to balance it is found that N2> 0 exists.
If the amount of deflection of B point is δB, the compressional stiffness of rigid brace is EA, is easy to find out
The vertical displacement of A point:
The vertical displacement of B point:
Now discuss to two above formula:
1. whenWhen, andΔ at this timeA、ΔcIt is all larger than 0, illustrates the two displacement Downwards, therefore there is no seesaw effect.
2. whenWhen, andΔ at this timeAGreater than 0, ΔcIt is less than 0, therefore seesaw effect exists.
3. whenWhen, at this point, ΔAGreater than 0, ΔcLess than 0, illustrate that A point is shifted to Under, B point is motionless, at this time the critical state for seesaw effect occurs.
In summary, method used by the utility model, which can solve, eliminates when suspension bridge is acted on by half-span load " seesaw " effect.
The structure of the utility model is designed with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples and is further described.
Embodiment:
As shown in Figure 1, 2, a kind of space truss suspension bridge is mainly made of main push-towing rope 1, bridge tower 2, girder 3 and sunpender 6;It will Bridge tower 2 increases, and increases between main push-towing rope 1 and girder 3 several and fall V structure, and inverted V type structure is mainly by two rigid braces 4 The angle theta of composition, rigid brace 4 and girder 3 is 30 °~60 °, and V structure is made down to constitute several with main push-towing rope section, girder section respectively Continuous triangular structure;It is further respectively had between the rigid brace 4 of space truss suspension bridge two sides and the tie point of main push-towing rope 1 Main push-towing rope horizontal-associate 5.
The space truss suspension bridge of the present embodiment span arrangement with Jiangyin Yangtse River suspension bridge (36.25 hundred million yuan of gross investment) phase Together.Its main span 1386m, the sag ratio of cable are 1/10.5, and 12 inverted V type knots are added in the two sides between main push-towing rope and girder respectively Structure.Compared with Jiangyin Yangtse River suspension bridge: this programme increases 12 V-structure parts, therefore material utilization amount increases by 5%, this expense is 0.15 hundred million yuan;But main push-towing rope stress is low compared with Jiangyin Yangtse River suspension bridge, therefore main push-towing rope area reduces 1/8, this expense saves 0.2 hundred million yuan; Space truss suspension bridge rigidity is big, therefore girder material therefor reduces 5%, this expense saves 0.2 hundred million yuan;Space truss suspension bridge Bridge tower increases, this expense is 0.04 hundred million.Therefore, compared with Jiangyin Yangtse River suspension bridge, space truss suspension bridge has saved altogether 0.21 hundred million. The mechanical property of space truss suspension bridge is improved, specific as follows: main push-towing rope maximum stress reduces by 1%, and tower top out-of-balance force subtracts Small by 62%, tower top deviation reduces 42%, and rigidity improves 50%, and dynamic characteristics improves 45%, and sunpender fatigue behaviour reduces by 20%.
Embodiment technical parameter contrast table

Claims (10)

1. a kind of space truss suspension bridge is mainly made of main push-towing rope (1), bridge tower (2), girder (3) and sunpender (6);Its feature exists In: increase between main push-towing rope (1) and girder (3) several and falls V structure, inverted V type structure is mainly made of two rigid braces (4), The angle of rigid brace (4) and girder (3) is 30 °~60 °, and V structure is made down to constitute several with main push-towing rope section, girder section respectively Continuous triangular structure;Also to be considered as using main push-towing rope as top boom, girder be lower boom, the V structure that falls is web member and with flexibility The purlin formula structure of sunpender;
In addition, further respectively having main push-towing rope horizontal-associate (5) between two sides rigidity brace (4) and the tie point of main push-towing rope (1).
2. space truss suspension bridge according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: when the end bay of space truss suspension bridge exists When 100m~500m, the respectively arranged inverted V type structure in two sides in main push-towing rope (1) and girder (3) is 3~5;Work as space truss For the main span of suspension bridge in 500m~1000m, the respectively arranged inverted V type structure in two sides in main push-towing rope (1) and girder (3) is 5 ~9;When the main span of space truss suspension bridge is in 1000m~1500m, it is respectively set in main push-towing rope (1) and the two sides of girder (3) Inverted V type structure be 9~15;When the main span of space truss suspension bridge is in 1500m~2000m, in main push-towing rope (1) and girder (3) the respectively arranged inverted V type structure in two sides is 15~19;When the main span of space truss suspension bridge is in 2000m or more, The respectively arranged inverted V type structure in two sides in main push-towing rope (1) and girder (3) is 19 or more.
3. space truss suspension bridge according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the inverted V type structure is from span centre to two Side is continuously arranged symmetrically, and specially the bottom of adjacent inverted V type structural member is connected two-by-two and full-bridge penetrates through.
4. space truss suspension bridge according to claim 1 to 3, it is characterised in that: the triangular structure application In multi-span suspension bridges.
5. space truss suspension bridge according to claim 1 to 3, it is characterised in that: the triangular structure application In earth anchored suspension bridge or self-anchored suspension bridge.
6. space truss suspension bridge according to claim 1 to 3, it is characterised in that: the triangular structure application In single bridge deck suspension bridge or multilayer deck suspension bridge.
7. space truss suspension bridge according to claim 1 to 3, it is characterised in that: described main push-towing rope horizontal-associate (5) shape Shape is "-" type, horizontal K-type or rice font.
8. space truss suspension bridge according to claim 1 to 3, it is characterised in that: the inverted V type structural member Horizontal-associate is arranged in waist;The shape of the horizontal-associate is "-" type, horizontal K-type or rice font.
9. space truss suspension bridge according to claim 1 to 3, it is characterised in that: the girder (3) uses purlin It sets a roof beam in place or streamlined flat steel case;The bridge tower (2) is steel construction, concrete structure or steel-concrete combined structure;Described Main push-towing rope (1) and sunpender (6) are all made of steel strand wires;The rigid brace (4), main push-towing rope horizontal-associate (5) are steel construction.
10. space truss suspension bridge according to claim 1 to 3, it is characterised in that: described sunpender (6) the vertical cloth Set or along bridge to being triangularly arranged;The sunpender (6) is flexible suspension rod or rigid hanger.
CN201821550010.2U 2018-09-21 2018-09-21 Space truss suspension bridge Active CN208995896U (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111636339A (en) * 2020-06-23 2020-09-08 西南交通大学 Temporary roadblock water horse placing method during maintenance of long-span steel box girder suspension bridge
CN111663428A (en) * 2020-06-24 2020-09-15 中铁二院工程集团有限责任公司 Negative inhaul cable suspension bridge
CN113338533A (en) * 2021-06-30 2021-09-03 杭州井格建筑科技有限公司 Deformation control method for plate-type bidirectional bearing keel frame

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111636339A (en) * 2020-06-23 2020-09-08 西南交通大学 Temporary roadblock water horse placing method during maintenance of long-span steel box girder suspension bridge
CN111663428A (en) * 2020-06-24 2020-09-15 中铁二院工程集团有限责任公司 Negative inhaul cable suspension bridge
CN113338533A (en) * 2021-06-30 2021-09-03 杭州井格建筑科技有限公司 Deformation control method for plate-type bidirectional bearing keel frame
CN113338533B (en) * 2021-06-30 2022-05-20 杭州井格建筑科技有限公司 Deformation control method for plate type bidirectional bearing keel frame

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