CN208787995U - A kind of double main axle machine tools - Google Patents

A kind of double main axle machine tools Download PDF

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Publication number
CN208787995U
CN208787995U CN201821600948.0U CN201821600948U CN208787995U CN 208787995 U CN208787995 U CN 208787995U CN 201821600948 U CN201821600948 U CN 201821600948U CN 208787995 U CN208787995 U CN 208787995U
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China
Prior art keywords
carriage
sliding seat
main axle
lathe bed
machine tools
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CN201821600948.0U
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Chinese (zh)
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蔡妩平
林宗升
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YUHUAN METER MACHINE FACTORY
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YUHUAN METER MACHINE FACTORY
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Abstract

The utility model belongs to field of mechanical technique, refer in particular to a kind of double main axle machine tools, including lathe bed, main axle unit on lathe bed and processing unit are set, main axle unit includes two main shafts and the first carriage, two main shafts are coaxially with respect to the left and right sides for being set to lathe bed, and one of main shaft is fixedly mounted on lathe bed, another main shaft is slidably mounted on lathe bed by the first carriage;Processing unit is located between two main shafts in left and right, processing unit includes the second carriage, it include the second sliding seat on second carriage, second sliding seat is equipped with third carriage, third carriage is equipped with third sliding seat, the 4th carriage is provided on third sliding seat, the 4th carriage is equipped with fixed plate, a knife tower for clamping cutter is provided in fixed plate;Feed and the withdrawing of lathe are realized by the promotion of third carriage.The utility model provides a kind of can mill multiple faces, double main axle machine tools in workpiece process without changeing simultaneously.

Description

A kind of double main axle machine tools
Technical field
The utility model belongs to field of mechanical technique, refers in particular to a kind of double main axle machine tools.
Background technique
In machinery production enterprise, lathe is a kind of instrument of common processing workpiece, existing lathe during processing, It is to be processed by the rotation of main shaft and the feeding of knife tower, turning first by clamping workpiece on the fixture of main shaft.By When workpiece is clamped, the tail end of workpiece is located inside fixture, can not be processed, and needs manually to disassemble workpiece and change Direction continues to process, and process not only increases the working time, while being easy to produce error in workpiece clamping again, influences work The machining accuracy of part.
Utility model content
The purpose of the utility model is to provide a kind of stable structure, the face that can mill multiple dimensions simultaneously, work pieces process mistake Double main axle machine tools in journey without changeing.
Purpose of the utility model is realized as follows: a kind of double main axle machine tools, including lathe bed, the master on lathe bed is set Axle unit and processing unit, the main axle unit include two main shafts and the first carriage, and two main shafts are coaxially oppositely arranged In the left and right sides of the lathe bed, one of main shaft is fixedly mounted on lathe bed, another main shaft is slided by described first Device is slidably mounted on lathe bed;Between two main shafts in left and right, processing unit includes the second sliding for the processing unit setting Device includes the second sliding seat on second carriage, third carriage, institute is provided on second sliding seat It states and is provided with third sliding seat on third carriage, be provided with the 4th carriage on the third sliding seat, the described 4th It is provided with fixed plate on carriage, a knife tower for clamping cutter is provided in the fixed plate;It is slided and is filled by third Feed and the withdrawing of lathe are realized in the promotion set.
Preferably, the third carriage includes third guide rail, is provided with third sliding block on the third guide rail, Third sliding seat is provided on the third sliding block, third sliding seat upper surface is in the second sliding seat upper surface angle 30°-60°。
Preferably, the third sliding block and third guide rail are arranged on the second sliding seat and the second sliding seat side is arranged There is first power source for driving third sliding seat to slide;The 4th guide rail is provided on third sliding seat, the described 4th leads It is provided with Four-slider on rail, a fixed plate is provided on the Four-slider, third sliding seat side is provided with a use In the second power source of driving fixed plate sliding.
Preferably, the knife tower is circumferentially uniformly provided with several stations, is equipped on station for clamping difference knife The dress tool apron of tool, the knife tower pass through the motor rotation realization knife tower tool changing that side is arranged in.
Preferably, first carriage is provided with the first sliding block, and second carriage is provided with the second sliding block; First sliding block, the second sliding block, third sliding block and Four-slider two sides are slided and are provided with for wiping dust on guide rail Rubber block, the lower end of rubber block offer the tooth socket matched with guiding cheekn, and inner sidewall and the guide rail sliding of tooth socket are matched It closes.
Preferably, the spindle jacket is equipped with a collar bush, and one end of the collar bush is provided with a groove, the groove It is arranged in a spiral manner around collar bush, one is provided in the groove for cooling down the semicircle coolant jacket of main shaft, described is recessed Slot cross-section is semicircle.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model has prominent and beneficial technical effects that:
1. the utility model is divided into two regions, before be clamping workpiece main axle unit, behind for feed and to move back The processing unit of knife, and main axle unit is processed by the way of double main shafts, and workpiece is mounted on main shaft, processes unit Advance, cutter touches workpiece and starts to process, and when workpiece one end completion of processing, one end main shaft leans under the drive of the first carriage Nearly other end main shaft, completes the docking of workpiece, and the processing of the workpiece other end is carried out at the same processing unit, and whole process is equal Completed on same lathe, do not need to carry out manually to reduce the exchange of taking of workpiece mismachining tolerance also save manpower, when Between, improve working efficiency.
2. the knife tower of the processing unit of the utility model is equipped with multiple stations, can be according to different process requirements, same to fashionable dress The cutter of a variety of different function is pressed from both sides, when exchanging direction on main shaft, knife tower only needs to rotate workpiece, so that it may the processing of workpiece is carried out, It is additionally provided with through-hole in the middle part of knife tower, the design of the through-hole reduces the weight of knife tower entirety, reduces processing cost, while also side The rotation of knife tower when just processing.
3. the first carriage that the utility model uses, the second mobile dress, third carriage and the 4th carriage It is identical linear guide, can be used interchangeably, easy to disassemble and replacement.
4. the utility model increases rubber block in the two sides of sliding block, rubber block can wipe the ash on guide rail Dirt, guarantees the mobile accuracy of carriage, and structure is simple.
5. when coolant liquid flows through collar bush front end by coolant jacket in the utility model, close to the outer surface at front support position When, heat can be taken away in time, to play the role of reducing temperature, improve machine finish, and structure is simple, holds Easily realize.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structure diagram of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the structure diagram of the utility model processing unit;
Fig. 3 is the structure diagram of the utility model;
Fig. 4 is the structure diagram of the utility model main shaft guide rail slide block;
Fig. 5 is the enlarged drawing in Fig. 4 at A.
In figure: 1- lathe bed;2- main axle unit;21- main shaft;22- collar bush;23- groove;24- coolant jacket;3- work sheet Member;The first carriage of 4-;The first sliding block of 41-;6- third carriage;61- third sliding seat;62- third guide rail;63- Three sliding blocks;The first power source of 64-;The 4th carriage of 7-;The 4th guide rail of 72-;73- Four-slider;74- fixed plate;75- second Power source;8- knife tower;81- station;82- fills tool apron;The second carriage of 9-;The second sliding block of 91-;10- rubber block;11- tooth Slot;The second sliding seat of 12-.
Specific embodiment
The utility model is described further with specific embodiment below.
As shown in Figs. 1-5, main axle unit 2 and work sheet on lathe bed 1 is arranged in a kind of double main axle machine tools, including lathe bed 1 Member 3, which is characterized in that the main axle unit 2 includes two main shafts 21 and the first carriage 4, and two main shafts 21 are coaxial opposite It is set to the left and right sides of the lathe bed 1, one of main shaft 21 is fixedly mounted on lathe bed 1, another main shaft 21 passes through institute The first carriage 4 is stated to be slidably mounted on lathe bed 1;The setting of processing unit 3 is between two main shafts 21 in left and right, work sheet Member 3 includes the second carriage 9, includes the second sliding seat 12 on second carriage 9, on second sliding seat 12 It is provided with third carriage 6, is provided with third sliding seat 61 on the third carriage 6, on the third sliding seat 61 It is provided with the 4th carriage 7, fixed plate 74 is provided on the 4th carriage 7, is provided with one in the fixed plate 74 Knife tower 8 for clamping cutter;Feed and the withdrawing of lathe are realized by the promotion of third carriage 6.
The technical program is divided into two regions, before be clamping workpiece main axle unit 2, behind for for feed and withdrawing Processing unit 3, and main axle unit 2 is processed by the way of double main shafts 21, and workpiece is mounted on main shaft 21, is processed Unit 3 advances, and cutter touches workpiece and starts to process, and when workpiece one end completion of processing, one end main shaft 21 is in the first carriage 4 Drive is lower to complete the docking of workpiece close to other end main shaft 21, carries out adding for the workpiece other end at the same processing unit 2 Work, whole process are completed on same lathe, do not need to carry out to reduce mismachining tolerance manually by the exchange of taking of workpiece Manpower, time are saved, working efficiency is improved, first carriage 4 and the second carriage 9 move back and forth along X-axis, The third carriage 6 moves back and forth along Y-axis, realizes the advance and retreat knife of knife tower 8, the 4th carriage 7 is in Y-axis and Z Axis controls the movement of knife tower 8, realizes the cutting for workpiece;Carriage includes guide rail disposed in parallel, the guide rail On be provided with sliding block, be provided with fixed plate on the sliding block.
Preferably, the third carriage 6 includes third guide rail 62, is provided with third sliding block on the third guide rail 62 63, third sliding seat 61 is provided on the third sliding block 63, on 61 upper surface of third sliding seat and the second sliding seat 12 Surface angle is in 30 ° -60 °.
Third sliding seat 61 described in the technical program can be in polygonal shape.
Preferably, the third sliding block 63 is arranged on the second sliding seat 12 and the second sliding seat 12 with third guide rail 62 Side is provided with first power source 64 for driving third sliding seat 61 to slide;The 4th is provided on third sliding seat 61 to lead Rail 72 is provided with Four-slider 73 on the 4th guide rail 72, is provided with a fixed plate 74 on the Four-slider 73, and described Three sliding seats, 61 side is provided with second power source 75 for driving fixed plate 74 to slide.
Preferably, the knife tower 8 is circumferentially uniformly provided with several stations 81, is equipped with for clamping not on station 81 With the dress tool apron 82 of cutter, the knife tower 8 passes through motor rotation realization 8 tool changing of knife tower that side is arranged in.
The knife tower 8 of the processing unit 3 of the technical program is equipped with multiple stations 81, can be according to different process requirements, simultaneously The cutter of a variety of different function of clamping, when exchanging direction on main shaft 21, knife tower 8 only needs to rotate workpiece, so that it may carry out workpiece It processes, is additionally provided with through-hole in the middle part of knife tower 8, the design of the through-hole reduces the whole weight of knife tower 8, reduce processing cost, The rotation of knife tower 8 when also facilitating processing simultaneously.
Preferably, first carriage 4 is provided with the first sliding block 41, and second carriage 9 is provided with second Sliding block 91;First sliding block 41, the second sliding block 91, third sliding block 63 and 73 two sides of Four-slider are slided and are provided with for wiping Except the rubber block 10 of dust on guide rail, the lower end of rubber block 10 offers the tooth socket 11 matched with guiding cheekn, tooth socket 11 inner sidewall is slidably matched with guide rail.
The technical program increases rubber block 10 in the two sides of sliding block, and rubber block can wipe the ash on guide rail Dirt, guarantees the mobile accuracy of carriage, and structure is simple.
Preferably, it being arranged with a collar bush 22 outside the main shaft 21, one end of the collar bush 22 is provided with a groove 23, The groove 23 is arranged around collar bush 22 in a spiral manner, and one is provided in the groove 23 for cooling down the semicircle of main shaft 21 Coolant jacket 24,23 section of groove are semicircle.
22 front end of collar bush is flowed through when coolant liquid passes through coolant jacket 24 in the technical program, the appearance close to front support position When face, heat can be taken away in time, thus play the role of reducing temperature, improve machine finish, and structure is simple, It is easy to accomplish.
Above-described embodiment is only the preferred embodiment of the utility model, not limits the protection model of the utility model according to this It encloses, therefore: the equivalence changes that all structures, shape, principle according to the utility model are done should all be covered by the protection of the utility model Within the scope of.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of double main axle machine tools, including lathe bed (1), the main axle unit (2) being arranged on lathe bed (1) and processing unit (3), It is characterized in that, the main axle unit (2) includes two main shafts (21) and the first carriage (4), two coaxial phases of main shaft (21) To the left and right sides for being set to the lathe bed (1), one of main shaft (21) is fixedly mounted on lathe bed (1), another main shaft (21) it is slidably mounted on lathe bed (1) by first carriage (4);
Between two main shafts (21) in left and right, processing unit (3) includes the second carriage (9) for processing unit (3) setting, Include the second sliding seat (12) on second carriage (9), third sliding is provided on second sliding seat (12) Device (6) is provided with third sliding seat (61) on the third carriage (6), is provided on the third sliding seat (61) 4th carriage (7) is provided with fixed plate (74) on the 4th carriage (7), is provided on the fixed plate (74) One is used for the knife tower (8) of clamping cutter;Feed and the withdrawing of lathe are realized by the promotion of third carriage (6).
2. a kind of double main axle machine tools according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the third carriage (6) includes the Three guide rails (62) are provided with third sliding block (63) on the third guide rail (62), are provided with third on the third sliding block (63) Sliding seat (61), third sliding seat (61) upper surface and the second sliding seat (12) upper surface angle are in 30 ° -60 °.
3. a kind of double main axle machine tools according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the third sliding block (63) and third guide rail (62) it is arranged on the second sliding seat (12) and the second sliding seat (12) side is provided with one for driving third sliding seat (61) the first power source (64) slided;The 4th guide rail (72), the 4th guide rail (72) are provided on third sliding seat (61) On be provided with Four-slider (73), be provided with a fixed plate (74) on the Four-slider (73), the third sliding seat (61) Side is provided with second power source (75) for driving fixed plate (74) to slide.
4. a kind of double main axle machine tools according to claim 3, which is characterized in that the knife tower (8) circumferentially uniformly opens up There are several stations (81), the dress tool apron (82) for clamping difference cutter is installed on station (81), the knife tower (8) passes through Knife tower (8) tool changing is realized in the motor rotation that side is arranged in.
5. a kind of double main axle machine tools according to claim 3, which is characterized in that first carriage (4) is provided with First sliding block (41), second carriage (9) are provided with the second sliding block (91);First sliding block (41), the second sliding block (91), the rubber block being provided with for wiping dust on guide rail is slided in third sliding block (63) and Four-slider (73) two sides (10), the lower end of rubber block (10) offers the tooth socket (11) matched with guiding cheekn, the inner sidewall of tooth socket (11) with lead Rail is slidably matched.
6. a kind of double main axle machine tools according to claim 1, which is characterized in that be arranged with a main shaft outside the main shaft (21) It covers (22), one end of the collar bush (22) is provided with a groove (23), and the groove (23) is in a spiral manner around collar bush (22) it is arranged, one is provided in the groove (23) for cooling down the semicircle coolant jacket (24) of main shaft (21), the groove (23) section is semicircle.
CN201821600948.0U 2018-09-29 2018-09-29 A kind of double main axle machine tools Active CN208787995U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201821600948.0U CN208787995U (en) 2018-09-29 2018-09-29 A kind of double main axle machine tools

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201821600948.0U CN208787995U (en) 2018-09-29 2018-09-29 A kind of double main axle machine tools

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN208787995U true CN208787995U (en) 2019-04-26

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CN201821600948.0U Active CN208787995U (en) 2018-09-29 2018-09-29 A kind of double main axle machine tools

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113714847A (en) * 2021-09-16 2021-11-30 林宗升 Double-spindle machine tool and using method thereof
CN115555865A (en) * 2022-11-01 2023-01-03 佛山市南海众誉兴精密机械有限公司 Double-spindle numerical control lathe with left spindle mechanism

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113714847A (en) * 2021-09-16 2021-11-30 林宗升 Double-spindle machine tool and using method thereof
CN115555865A (en) * 2022-11-01 2023-01-03 佛山市南海众誉兴精密机械有限公司 Double-spindle numerical control lathe with left spindle mechanism

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