CN208772896U - Adaptive pressing machine and automation press mounting system - Google Patents

Adaptive pressing machine and automation press mounting system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN208772896U
CN208772896U CN201821230635.0U CN201821230635U CN208772896U CN 208772896 U CN208772896 U CN 208772896U CN 201821230635 U CN201821230635 U CN 201821230635U CN 208772896 U CN208772896 U CN 208772896U
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China
Prior art keywords
column
pressure head
mounting system
pressing machine
sleeve
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CN201821230635.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴迎迎
吴庆利
秦学刚
陈伟
马文波
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Jieyun intelligent equipment (Suzhou) Co.,Ltd.
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Kunshan Jie Yun Intelligent Equipment Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses adaptive pressing machine and automation press mounting system, wherein, adaptive pressing machine includes pressure head and the driving device that drive ram carries out first direction and second direction moves back and forth, and the pressure head connects the driving device by concentricity micromatic setting.This programme deft design, structure is simple, by the way that concentricity micromatic setting is arranged between pressure head and driving device, pressure head is set to carry out the swing of slight amplitude with respect to driving device, therefore when being pressed, if column is with hole or slot not in coaxial state, the column that pressure head can be made to clamp by the small sway of pressure head is coaxial with hole or slot realization, improve their concentricity, consequently facilitating being smoothly pressed, it can be avoided directly to be rigidly pressed into simultaneously and easily cause column or workpiece damage, guarantee the safety of press fitting.

Description

Adaptive pressing machine and automation press mounting system
Technical field
The utility model relates to press-loading device field, especially adaptive pressing machine and automation press mounting system.
Background technique
Currently, occurring needing No.1 structure often in automobile engine, new energy motor assembly automation production line field Part is pressed into the assembling operation in No. two components, in assembling, usually No. two components is placed on pallet, pallet is with pipeline After (roller line) is transported to press fitting position, in No. two components that No.1 component is axially pressed on pallet by pressing machine.
Common pressing machine, pressure head are to be fixedly connected or pressure head can be in the axial direction with the dynamic structure for driving its press fitting It floats, at this point, such as No.1 component is not at coaxial state with No. two components, and makes No.1 component and No. two since pressure head does not have Component is adjusted to coaxial structure, biggish pressure assembling force easily cause No.1 component on No. two components hole or slot generation connect firmly There is deformed damaged in touching, and especially when carrying out the press fitting such as hollow pins, problems are become apparent, and have seriously affected press fitting matter Amount, also, the not coaxial situation of the two also increases press fitting difficulty.
Meanwhile need that first No.1 component is placed on the hole or slot of No. two components before press fitting, the work of general feeding by Manually or mechanically hand is realized, artificial loading large labor intensity, and there are some potential safety problemss;And manipulator feeding then needs The structure for individually increasing manipulator and it being driven to move, this adds increased the component costs of equipment;In addition, conventional manipulator base This use is clamped from the outer wall of workpiece force, and for hollow pins very small thin-wall part in equal volume, conventional pneumatic clamps Pawl be difficult control clamping force, easily because clamping force it is excessive caused by hollow pins deformation, influence using;And chucking power is too small When, and it is easy to appear the problem of clamping stability difference.
Finally, conventional press fitting operation is directly pressed on the conveyor line, and at this time since press-fiting pressure is larger, easy pair Pipeline generates certain injury;There are also jack pallet before press fitting using jacking or lifting device to separate with pipeline The structure being pressed again, but common Lifting Equipment, such as application No. is 201620030031.6 Chinese patent, disclosures Structure in, the telescopic direction of cylinder and jacking component to move up and down direction consistent.
When but in this configuration, due to press fitting, the telescopic direction of piston rod in direction and cylinder of pressure assembling force is identical, When pressure is all applied on the piston rod of cylinder, driving piston rod is retracted, and the power of cylinder itself and pressure is common at this time Effect easily makes piston rod the problems such as deformation occur, causes cylinder to damage, simultaneously as the limitation of air cylinder air source, the support of cylinder Power is usually present the problem of cannot be guaranteed support strength, is unfavorable for guaranteeing press fitting precision.
Utility model content
In order to solve the above-mentioned problems in the prior art, one of the purpose of this utility model is that providing one kind passes through Pressure head swings the adaptive pressing machine for adaptively to adjust workpiece and hole or slot concentricity, and the another object of the utility model is A kind of automation press mounting system based on above-mentioned adaptive pressing machine is provided.
The purpose of this utility model is achieved through the following technical solutions:
Adaptive pressing machine carries out the driving dress of first direction and second direction reciprocating movement including pressure head and drive ram It sets, the pressure head connects the driving device by concentricity micromatic setting.
Preferably, in the adaptive pressing machine, the pressure head includes grabbing assembly, including ontology and at least two is The elastic component for dividing ontology periphery and extending into the chamber body;
Ejection assembly can eject column from grabbing assembly.
Preferably, in the adaptive pressing machine, the ejection assembly includes slideably being plugged in the ontology Mandril in chamber, the mandril are run through by the pin that one extends vertically through the ontology, and pass through on the mandril for the pin Hole is the waist-shaped hole extended in a second direction.
Preferably, in the adaptive pressing machine, the ejection assembly further includes being sleeved on the mandril outside and one end It is resisted against at the boss face of the mandril, the other end is resisted against the spring at the step surface in chamber body.
Preferably, in the adaptive pressing machine, the concentricity micromatic setting includes sleeve, guide rod and connection Set, the coaxial connection sleeve of guide rod, the connector sleeve are plugged in the inner circle of the sleeve and are sleeved on described lead To outside bar, a block plate being located in the inner cavity of connecting sleeve, the inner cavity of the block plate and connector sleeve are set on the guide rod It is provided with a spring being sleeved on outside the guide rod between bottom, the inner wall of the connector sleeve and the guide rod and block plate Outer wall keeps the outer wall in gap and/or the connector sleeve and the inner wall of the sleeve to keep gap.
Preferably, in the adaptive pressing machine, an at least card slot, the card are offered on the outer wall of the connector sleeve The O-ring being bonded with sleeve lining is arranged at slot.
It further includes column feeding device and workpiece that press mounting system, which is automated, including any of the above-described adaptive pressing machine Pipeline.
Preferably, in the automation press mounting system, the column feeding device includes vibration feeding machine, the vibration The splicing groove that the lower end of the discharge port of dynamic feeder, which is provided with, can carry out second direction and third direction moves back and forth, the splicing Baiting control device is additionally provided between slot and the discharge port of vibration feeding machine.
Preferably, in the automation press mounting system, the baiting control device includes
Limit channels, the limit channels meet when there is a column in the splicing groove, in the limit channels With a column;
Positioning device makes including can extend into the limit channels and apply pressure to the side wall of the column in it Its positioning column fixed.
It preferably, further include that workpiece is jacked and is detached from the workpiece pipeline in the automation press mounting system Jacking apparatus, the jacking apparatus includes power device and the lifting structure for being driven by it lifting, the power of the power device Output is moved along first direction, and the lifting member moves in a second direction.
Preferably, in the automation press mounting system, the power device drives lifting member, institute by transmission mechanism Stating transmission mechanism includes that gear frame described in the gear frame that connect with the power device by guide rail is slidably disposed on guiding On slot, the extending direction of the guide groove is parallel with the moving direction of the power output member, offered on the gear frame to Few a pair of opposite driver slot, the bottom surface of the driver slot are inclined-plane, are slideably provided with a drive shaft in each pair of driver slot, Lifting member described in the driving axis connection.
Preferably, in the automation press mounting system, the top area of the bottom surface of the driver slot is plane.
Preferably, in the automation press mounting system, the lifting member limits its moving direction by guiding mechanism.
Automatic press mounting method, comprises the following processes:
S1, workpiece is transported to position to be pressed by workpiece pipeline to be stopped, and the jacking apparatus is by workpiece from workpiece pipeline Upper jacking is detached from;
S2, vibration feeding machine feed, baiting control device drop into a column in splicing groove;
S3, the splicing groove are moved to feeding position, and the movable press head of adaptive pressing machine will be grabbed at the splicing groove Take column therein;
S4, pressure head are carried after column is moved to the press fitting position of workpiece and are pushed, and the ejection assembly in pressure head will grab group Column in part is pressed into press fitting position.
The advantages of technical solutions of the utility model, is mainly reflected in:
This programme deft design, structure is simple, by the way that concentricity micromatic setting is arranged between pressure head and driving device, makes Pressure head can carry out the swing of slight amplitude with respect to driving device, therefore when being pressed, if column does not exist with hole or slot When coaxial state, the column that pressure head can be made to clamp by the small sway of pressure head is coaxial with hole or slot realization, improves them Concentricity, consequently facilitating being smoothly pressed, while can be avoided directly to be rigidly pressed into and easily causing column or workpiece damage, protect Demonstrate,prove the safety of press fitting.
Pressure head component use special feeding mode, while being integrated with feeding function, can effectively adapt to it is small-sized, The crawl of tubulose thin-wall part needs, and avoids the problem that conventional clamping jaw easily causes to damage or can not effectively clamp to workpiece;Simultaneously Press fitting is realized in conjunction with exquisite ejecting structure, and when press fitting can be buffered by impact force of the spring to press fitting, avoid connecing firmly Touching causes the damage of workpiece, advantageously ensures that the safety of press fitting.
The press fitting all-in-one machine of this programme, integrated level and high degree of automation, special vibration feeding machine can be effectively real Existing switching of the column from lying status to vertical state can effectively ensure that primary in conjunction with exquisite blanking control structure Supply a column;The stationarity of the location of workpiece when setting of pressing device ensure that press fitting, while the mode for compression of floating It can guarantee the stability compressed, in turn avoid workpiece and contacted firmly with pressing device, be conducive to reduce damage.
Workpiece is separated with pipeline by jacking apparatus, so as to be rushed when effectively avoiding press fitting to pipeline It hits, extends the service life and stability of pipeline, jacking apparatus makes moving direction and the lift of the power output member of power device The lifting direction for rising component is vertical, therefore in press fitting, pressure assembling force is vertical with the moving direction of power output member, greatly reduces To the lower pressure of power output member when press fitting, effectively power device can be protected, avoid damaging, be conducive to simultaneously The support strength for improving power device guarantees the reliability of support.
Jacking apparatus uses special drive mechanism, and the relative positional relationship that can make full use of driver slot and drive shaft is real The driving of existing lifting member, and by being erected at drive shaft in two driver slots, it is capable of providing sufficient support, to mention Support strength when height pushes.
Planar structure at the top of the big driving groove bottom of jacking apparatus when so that pushing, pushes power mainly by driver slot Plane is born, to will not apply pressure to power output member, further ensures the intact of support strength and power device Property.
The Power Component and transmission component of jacking apparatus are clamped, consequently facilitating be rapidly performed by installation and removal, be convenient for into Row maintenance.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is that the perspective view of the adaptive pressing machine of the utility model (has concealed pressure head, concentricity micromatic setting in figure And the connector between driving device)
Fig. 2 is the cross-sectional view of the pressure head of the adaptive pressing machine of the utility model;
Fig. 3 is the cross-sectional view of the concentricity micromatic setting of the adaptive pressing machine of the utility model;
Fig. 4 is the perspective view of the automation press mounting system of the utility model;
Fig. 5 is the perspective view of the column feeding device of the utility model;
Fig. 6 is the main view of the column feeding device of the utility model;
Fig. 7 is the right view of the utility model column feeding device;
Fig. 8 is the viewgraph of cross-section of the jacking apparatus in the utility model;
Fig. 9 is the perspective view (bracket is concealed in figure) of the jacking apparatus of the utility model;
Figure 10 is the longitudinal cross-section view of the jacking apparatus of the utility model;
Figure 11 is the enlarged drawing of a-quadrant in Fig. 4.
Specific embodiment
The purpose of this utility model, advantage and feature will carry out figure by the non-limitative illustration of preferred embodiment below Show and explains.These embodiments are only the prominent examples using technical solutions of the utility model, all to take equivalent replacement or wait Effect transformation and formed technical solution, all fall within the requires of the utility model protection within the scope of.
In the description of scheme, it should be noted that term " center ", "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "front", "rear", The orientation or positional relationship of the instructions such as "vertical", "horizontal", "inner", "outside" is to be based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, It is merely for convenience of description and simplification description, rather than the device or element of indication or suggestion meaning there must be specific side Position is constructed and operated in a specific orientation, therefore should not be understood as limiting the present invention.In addition, term " first ", " second ", " third " are used for descriptive purposes only and cannot be understood as indicating or suggesting relative importance.Also, in retouching for scheme It is proximal end by the direction of proximal operator using operator as reference, the direction far from operator is distal end in stating.
The adaptive pressing machine disclosed with reference to the accompanying drawing to the utility model is illustrated, and is used for No.1 component pressure It is attached in the slot or hole of No. two components, in particular for the press fitting of the No.1s component such as column, tubular articles, in the following description No.1 component is described with column, as shown in attached drawing 1, attached drawing 4 comprising support frame 40, the top plate of support frame as described above 40 Driving device 20 is provided on 401, the driving device 20 connects pressure head 10 and drive ram 10 carries out first direction X and second Direction Z is moved back and forth, and the pressure head 10 connects the driving device 20 by concentricity micromatic setting 30, and the concentricity is micro- Device 30 is adjusted to make the pressure head 10 can the relatively described swing of driving device 20.
From the point of view of specific, as shown in Fig. 2, the pressure head 10 includes grabbing assembly and ejection assembly, the grabbing assembly packet Ontology 102 is included, the ontology 102 is rendered as the rounding mesa-shaped with central through hole comprising bottom rotary table 1021 and upper rotary table 1022, it is provided at least two at the bottom rotary table 1021 divides equally under its outer peripheral surface and normality and extend into the elasticity in its inner cavity Part 101, the preferably described elastic component is 3, so as to carry out stable clamping by 3 points.
The cross-sectional shape of the centre bore of the bottom rotary table 1021 is identical as column 50, and cross-sectional area is slightly larger than institute The cross-sectional area of column is stated, the side-walls of the bottom rotary table 1021 are uniformly provided with the through-hole or slot be connected with its centre bore 1023, the elastic component 101 is set in the through-hole or slot 1023, and the elastic component 101 includes can be in the through-hole or slot The front end of flexible ball or bar 1011, preferably ball, the ball or bar 1011 extends in the centre bore, and its rear end connects bullet The other end of one end of piece or spring 1012, the elastic slice or spring 1012 is connected in the through-hole or slot 1023.
Certainly in other embodiments, the elastic component can also directly be the structure of elastic slice, but in order to avoid to column The outer wall of shape body causes to damage, and front end area should be set as curly or rounded or arc-shaped (not shown).
As shown in Fig. 2, the centre bore of the upper rotary table 1022 is rendered as down convex shape, ejection group described in interior grafting Part, the ejection assembly can eject column from grabbing assembly comprising slideably be plugged on the upper rotary table Mandril 103 in 1022 centre bore, the multistage cylinder that the mandril 103 is sequentially reduced by diameter from top to bottom are constituted, under Three sections of cylinders 1031,1032,1033 in portion are plugged into the centre bore of the upper rotary table 1022, and its end cylinder 1031 can It is embedded into the centre bore of the bottom rotary table 1021, extends vertically through described by one at the third section 1033 of the mandril 103 The pin 104 of body 102 runs through, and the hole passed through on the mandril 103 for the pin 104 is (second direction Z) along longitudinal direction extension Waist-shaped hole 105.
When press fitting, the bottom surface of the bottom rotary table and workpiece 60 are against rear, due to the presence of waist-shaped hole 105, with driving The driving of device, the mandril 103, which has, continues the space that moves down, so that it continues to move down and 1031 energy of cylinder of its lower end It enough extend into the centre bore of the bottom rotary table 1021 and pushes the column clamped by elastic component 101 downwards, realize press fitting.
Further, in order to avoid the impact force that mandril 10 pushes impacts the problem of leading to its deformation caused by column, And in order to make mandril 10 push after can Rapid reset to be pressed again, as shown in Fig. 2, the ejection assembly is also Including being sleeved on 103 periphery of mandril and one end is resisted against at the boss face 1034 of the mandril 103, the other end is resisted against this The first spring 106 at step surface 1023 in 102 inner cavity of body.
The upper end of the mandril 103 of the ejection assembly connects the concentricity micromatic setting 30, as shown in Fig. 3, described Concentricity micromatic setting 30 includes sleeve 301, guide rod 302 and connector sleeve 303, the coaxial connection set of guide rod 302 Terminal pad 3011 on cylinder 301, the connector sleeve 303 are plugged in the inner circle of the sleeve 301 and are sleeved on the guide rod 302 peripheries are set with a block plate 304 being located in 303 inner cavity of connector sleeve, 304 He of block plate on the guide rod 302 A second spring 305 being sleeved on outside the guide rod 302, the connector sleeve are provided between the intracavity bottom of connector sleeve 303 The outer wall of 303 inner wall 3031 and the guide rod 302 and block plate 304 keeps the outer wall of gap and/or the connector sleeve 303 3032 keep gap with the inner wall 3012 of the sleeve 301.
Therefore when pushing, horizontal position is realized in the swing that the connector sleeve 303 can carry out certain amplitude with relative sleeve 301 It sets, the fine tuning of angle, to make the fine tuning of the pressure head 10 being connected on connector sleeve 303 progress horizontal position, angle.
Further, after in order to guarantee fine tuning, the connector sleeve 303 can restore to feel relieved, as shown in Fig. 3, in the company An at least card slot 3033 is offered on the outer wall of female connector 303, is arranged with the O-ring being bonded with sleeve lining at the card slot 3033 306;Meanwhile the region that is connected of the open end inner surface of the sleeve 301 and bottom surface is inclined-plane 3013, on the connector sleeve 303 Corresponding region is pyramidal structure 3034, and the position restriction of connector sleeve 303 and sleeve 301 can be realized by wedge structure; Also, it relatively rotates between sleeve and connector sleeve 303, is provided on the ring flange of the connector sleeve 303 in order to prevent Positioning column 3035 is provided with and the matched location hole 3014 of the positioning column 3034 on the sleeve 301.
The sleeve 301 of the concentricity micromatic setting 30 connects the driving device 20, as shown in Fig. 5, the driving Device 20 is set on the top plate 401 of support frame as described above 40 comprising the telescopic rod of electric cylinders 201, the electric cylinders 201 passes perpendicularly through Waist-shaped hole on the top plate 401 simultaneously connects the concentricity micromatic setting 30, and the electric cylinders 201 are arranged in a sliding rack 202 On, the sliding rack 202 is slidably disposed on the sliding rail 203 that two are located on the top plate 401,203 edge of sliding rail First direction X extends, the cylinder 204 that the connection of sliding rack 202 drives it to slide along the sliding rail 203, and the sliding Frame 202 is also connected with the drag chain 205 for protection, and certainly in other embodiments, the driving device 20 is also possible to other can Capable structure, such as two vertically arranged structures of linear guide etc., details are not described herein.
The utility model further discloses automation press mounting system, as shown in Fig. 4, including above-mentioned adaptive pressing machine 100, it further include column feeding device 200 and workpiece pipeline 300.
From the point of view of in detail, as shown in attached drawing 5, attached drawing 7, the column feeding device 200 is for supplying column 50(No.1 Component), such as hollow pins comprising vibration feeding machine 70, the lower end of the discharge port of the vibration feeding machine 70, which is provided with, to carry out The splicing groove 801 that second direction Z and third direction Y is moved back and forth.
Wherein, as shown in Fig. 6, the vibration feeding machine 70 includes the vibrating disk 701 and and vibrating disk on platform The transfer passage 702 of 701 connections, the transfer passage 702 include horizontal segment 7021, arc steering section 7022 and vertical section 7023, so that column be made to be switched to vertical state by the device that lies low.
As shown in Fig. 7, the splicing groove 801 is the part of shifting apparatus 80, and when splicing is located at the vertical section 7023 lower section, the mobile mechanism 802 of its movement of the connection of splicing groove 801 driving, the mobile mechanism 802 is set to described On platform comprising support plate 8021 is provided at least one guide groove extended along third direction Y in the support plate 8021 8022, guide rail 8023 is slidably engaged in the guide groove 8022, and the guide rail 8023 is set on plate 8024, described Plate 8024 is located at the cylinder 8025 in the support plate 8021 by connector connection, is additionally provided on the plate 8024 straight Line guide rail 8026, mounting rack 8027 is provided on the mobile member of the linear guide 8026, and the splicing groove 801 is located at described On mounting rack 8027, and the depth of the splicing groove 801 is less than the length of column.
As shown in attached drawing 5, attached drawing 6, in order to guarantee that only one primary column drops into splicing groove 801, described Baiting control device 90, the baiting control device 90 are additionally provided between splicing groove 801 and the discharge port of vibration feeding machine 70 Including
Limit channels 901, the limit channels 901 meet the limit when having a column in the splicing groove 801 There is a column in bit port 901;
Positioning device 902, including can extend into the limit channels 901 and apply to the side wall of the column in it The positioning column 9021 that pressure fixes it.
Wherein, the limit channels 901 are the centre bore that the Z in a second direction on an overhanging part extends, the overhanging part 901 are set in a supporting table 903, are also formed with a through-hole be connected with the centre bore, the positioning on the overhanging part Column 9021 can be plugged into the through-hole, and connection drives the cylinder 9022 of its reciprocal telescopic.
And the workpiece pipeline 300 is used for No. bis- components of conveying workpieces 60(), it can be various feasible pipelines Structure, such as belt conveyor line, roller pipeline, sprocket wheel pipeline are known technology, details are not described herein, preferred Embodiment in, in-between region be engraved structure, consequently facilitating the use of following jacking apparatus 500.
Further, in processing, pressure when in order to avoid press fitting causes to damage to workpiece pipeline 300, such as 4 institute of attached drawing Showing, the automation press mounting system further includes the jacking apparatus 500 that workpiece is jacked and is detached from the workpiece pipeline 300, As shown in Fig. 8, the jacking apparatus 500 includes bracket 5, is provided with power device 1 on the bracket 5 and is driven by it liter The lifting member 2 of drop, the moving direction (first direction X) of the power output member 11 of the power device 1 and the lifting member 2 Moving direction (second direction Z) it is vertical.
From the point of view of specific, as shown in Fig. 8, the bracket 5 includes enclosing the side panel for being approximately down " several " glyph framework 53, be provided with a support plate 51 on the frame, 51 bottom of support plate be provided with one group of perpendicular stiffening plate 52 and The moving direction (first direction X) of the power output member 11 is vertical with the stiffening plate 52, is formed in the stiffening plate 52 Whole resist can be improved by the setting of stiffening plate 52 for the notch (not shown) that the power output member 11 passes through Pressure energy power provides sufficient support force for lifting member 2, guarantees the reliability of support in press fitting.
As shown in attached drawing 8, attached drawing 9, the power device 1 is located at the lower section of the support plate 51 and is fixed on side panel 53 On, can be any equipment or structure that object can be made for linear motion, the preferably described power device 1 be cylinder, oil cylinder, Electric cylinders or the lead screw being driven by motor, corresponding, the power output member 11 is their piston rod or sliding block or traveling nut, Further preferably cylinder.
As shown in Fig. 9, the lifting member 2 include top plate 21 and positioned at the lower section of top plate 21 and parallel clearance setting two A side plate 22, to form approximate " ∏ " the shape construction in longitudinal section;Certainly, in other embodiments, the lifting member 2 can be with Including being located at the mandril (not shown) of the top plate 21 or the structure of only mandril.
Also, as shown in attached drawing 8, attached drawing 9, the driving component 1 drives lifting member 2, the biography by transmission mechanism 3 Motivation structure 3 includes the gear frame 31 connecting with the power device 1, and the gear frame 31 can be with 1 bolt of power device Connection, the preferably described gear frame 31 is clamped with the power output member 11, specifically, the gear frame 31 includes L-shaped construction Main support 311 and connection frame 312, the connection frame 312 extends to the lower section of the support plate 51, and it passes through with character cut in bas-relief The connector 12 of the shackle member 38 of shape card slot and the bolt shape that can be connected in the concave shape card slot and the power output member 11 connections.
The bottom of the main support 311 is provided with two parallel sliding rails 32, and two sliding rails 32 are respectively slidably It is connected on guide groove 33, the extending direction of the guide groove 33 is parallel with the mobile first direction X of the power output member 11 And they are set in the support plate 51 of the bracket 5.
Offer at least a pair of opposite driver slot 34 on the opposite side panel 3111 of the main support 311, preferably two Right, the bottom surface 341 of the driver slot 34 is inclined-plane, and preferably 34 both ends of driver slot are arc-shaped, and the top of bottom surface 341 Portion region is plane 3411.
As shown in attached drawing 8- attached drawing 10, a drive shaft 35, the drive shaft are slideably provided in each pair of driver slot 34 35 both ends are respectively arranged with a bearing 36 being located in the driver slot 34, and two bearings 36 connect institute by bearing block 37 Two side plates 22 for stating lifting member 2 can be reduced effectively between component by rolling of the bearing 36 in driver slot 34 Abrasion.
Also, it as shown in Fig. 10, is additionally provided on the bracket 5 and is moved back and forth for buffering the main support 311 The buffer 6 and brake component 7 of impact force avoided pair so as to effectively reduce impact and the inertia force in moving process Blastic deformation of the driver slot 31 because of bearing.
As shown in Fig. 10, the lifting member 2 limits its moving direction by guiding mechanism 4, specifically, the lifting At least one sliding rail 41 that Z extends in a second direction, the sliding rail 41 are respectively arranged on the outer wall of two side plates 22 of component 2 It is slidably snap-fitted on a guide pad 42, the guide pad 42 is set on the mounting rack 43 in the support plate 51.
In addition, the workpiece 60 jacked is not in tilting or displacement in press fitting during in order to guarantee press fitting The case where, as shown in attached drawing 4, attached drawing 11, the automation press mounting system further includes pressing device 400, the pressing device 400 Positioned at the lower section of the top plate 401 comprising mounting rack 4001, the mounting rack 4001 is by sliding block slideably and along second The guide rail 4002 that direction Z extends is clamped, and the guide rail 4002 is arranged on the strut 402 of the frame 40, the mounting rack The cylinder 4003 that 4001 connections drive it to slide along the guide rail 4002, the cylinder are fixed on top plate 401, and in order to keep away Exempt from the mobile generation interference to the pressure head, one is also begun on the bottom plate of the mounting rack 4001 for the pressure head 10 movement Notch 40011.
As shown in Fig. 11, it can be provided in a second direction with floating up and down with respect to it on the bottom plate of the mounting rack 4001 The compression bar 4004 that Z extends, the compression bar 4004 is slideably plugged in the axle sleeve 4005 on the mounting rack 4001, and institute The periphery for stating compression bar 4004 is further sleeved with spring 4006, the boss of one end of the spring 4006 against the compression bar 4004 40041, the other end is resisted against axle sleeve bottom surface.
In the operational process of equipment, realized by various sensor combination PLC control systems or other control equipment The start and stop of the components such as each cylinder, electric cylinders, linear guide, pipeline, vibrating disk and the switching of working condition are herein known skill Art repeats no more.
When above-mentioned automation press mounting system works, by taking hollow pins press fitting when motor assembles as an example, process is as follows:
S1, workpiece is transported to position to be pressed by workpiece pipeline to be stopped, and the jacking apparatus 500 conveys workpiece from workpiece It jacks and is detached from line 300;It when specific jacking, is illustrated using cylinder as power device 1, when the piston rod of cylinder stretches out, drives It moves the gear frame 31 to slide along the guide groove 33, the relatively described drive shaft 35 of two driver slots 34 is along first direction X at this time It is mobile, due to the restriction of its bottom shape, to make the lifting upwards of drive shaft 35, and then keep the lifting member 2 whole Along 42 upward sliding of guide pad, until the drive shaft 35 is moved when the drive shaft 35 is located at the top of the driver slot 34 Highest order is moved, so that the lifting member 2 is moved to highest order, realizes jacking.
After jacking, the piston rod stretching of the cylinder 4003 in the pressing device 400 keeps the mounting rack 4001 whole It moves down, until compression bar 4004 thereon contacts for workpiece to be fixed respectively with workpiece.
S2, the vibrating disk 701 starting make hollow pins sequentially enter transfer passage 702 to be conveyed, when there is a sky When heart pin is dropped into the splicing groove 801, the upper area of the hollow pins in the splicing groove 801 is still located at the limit at this time In bit port 901, and equally there are another hollow pins in the limit channels 901, at this point, the positioning device 902 The piston rod stretching of cylinder 9022 keep the positioning column 9021 mobile to consolidate the hollow pins to the limit channels 901 It is fixed.
S3 moves down the splicing groove 801 to make hollow pins thereon at this point, the linear guide 8026 starts It is exited from limit channels 901, then the telescopic rod stretching of the cylinder 8025 makes the splicing groove 801 be moved to taking for setting Discharge position, before or after splicing groove 801 is moved to feeding position or simultaneously, the cylinder 204 of the driving device 20 starts Move integrally pressure head to the feeding position, then 201 drive ram of electric cylinders 10 is whole moves down and hollow pins is made to be inserted into institute It states in the centre bore of bottom rotary table 1021 of pressure head 10, enters in centre bore and contacted with elastic component 101 with described, thus Elastic component 101 is driven to deform, the reaction force collective effect that several 101 deformation of elastic component generate is on the outer wall of the hollow pins It is clamped.
S4, the subsequent electric cylinders 201 drive the lifting of pressure head 10 to remove hollow pins from the splicing groove 801, so After the cylinder 204 drives the carrying of pressure head 10 hollow pins to be moved to the press fitting position of workpiece afterwards, 201 drive ram 10 of electric cylinders It pushes, when the bottom of pressure head 10 is contacted with workpiece, ontology 102 can not continue to move down, with the lasting pushing of electric cylinders 201, institute State the sky that mandril 103 continues to move down and extend into the centre bore of the bottom rotary table 1021 and clamps several elastic components 101 Heart pin is pressed from realization in the hole for being moved to installation site or slot is exited in centre bore.
S5 again moves into the lower section of the limit channels 901 after the hollow pins in splicing groove are removed, at this point, The piston rod retraction of the cylinder 9022 retracts the positioning column 9021, so that its hollow pins limited drops into the splicing In slot, then positioning column 9021 stretches out again fixes the hollow pins being located at county Party committee channel 901.
Still there are many embodiment, all technologies formed using equivalents or equivalent transformation for the utility model Scheme is all fallen within the protection scope of the utility model.

Claims (10)

1. adaptive pressing machine, it is characterised in that: carry out first direction (X) and second including pressure head (10) and drive ram (10) The driving device (20) that direction (Z) moves back and forth, the pressure head (10) connect the driving by concentricity micromatic setting (30) Device (20), the concentricity micromatic setting (30) make the pressure head (10) can relatively described driving device (20) swing.
2. adaptive pressing machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the pressure head (10) includes grabbing assembly, packet It includes ontology (102) and at least two divides equally ontology (102) periphery and the elastic component that extend into the ontology (102) inner cavity (101);Ejection assembly can eject column from grabbing assembly.
3. adaptive pressing machine according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: the ejection assembly includes slideably grafting Mandril (103) in the ontology (102) inner cavity, the pin that the mandril (103) extends vertically through the ontology (102) by one (104) run through, and the hole passed through on the mandril (103) for the pin (104) is the waist-shaped hole extended in a second direction (105);The ejection assembly further includes being sleeved on the mandril (103) outside and one end is resisted against the boss of the mandril (103) At face (1034), the other end is resisted against the first spring (106) at the step surface (1023) in ontology (102) inner cavity.
4. adaptive pressing machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the concentricity micromatic setting (30) includes set Cylinder (301), guide rod (302) and connector sleeve (303), the coaxial connection sleeve (301) of guide rod (302), the company Female connector (303) is plugged in the inner circle of the sleeve (301) and is sleeved on the guide rod (302) outside, the guide rod (302) On be set with a block plate (304) being located in the connector sleeve (303) inner cavity, the block plate (304) and connector sleeve (303) it is interior Be provided with one between the portion of bottom of chamber and be sleeved on the second spring (305) of the guide rod (302) outside, the connector sleeve (303) it is interior The outer wall of wall (3031) and the guide rod (302) and block plate (304) keeps the outer wall of gap and/or the connector sleeve (303) (3032) gap is kept with the inner wall of the sleeve (301);An at least card slot is offered on the outer wall of the connector sleeve (303) (3033), the O-ring (306) being bonded with sleeve lining is arranged at the card slot (3033).
5. automating press mounting system, it is characterised in that: including any adaptive pressing machine (100) of claim 1-4, also Including column feeding device (200), workpiece pipeline (300), for the pressing device (400) of workpiece pressing.
6. automation press mounting system according to claim 5, it is characterised in that: column feeding device (200) packet It includes vibration feeding machine (70), the lower end of the discharge port of the vibration feeding machine (70), which is provided with, can carry out second direction (Z) and The splicing groove (801) that three directions (Y) move back and forth, between the splicing groove (801) and the discharge port of vibration feeding machine (70) also It is provided with baiting control device (90).
7. automation press mounting system according to claim 6, it is characterised in that: the baiting control device (90) includes
Limit channels (901), the limit channels (901) meet when having a column in the splicing groove (801), described There is a column in limit channels (901);
Positioning device (902), including can extend into the limit channels (901) and apply to the side wall of the column in it The positioning column (9021) that pressure fixes it.
8. automation press mounting system according to claim 5, it is characterised in that: further include by workpiece jack and with the work The jacking apparatus (500) that part pipeline (300) is detached from, the jacking apparatus (500) include power device (1) and are driven by it liter The power output member (11) of the lifting member (2) of drop, the power device (1) is mobile along first direction (X), the lifting member (2) (Z) is mobile in a second direction.
9. automation press mounting system according to claim 8, it is characterised in that: the power device (1) passes through driver Structure (3) drives lifting member (2), and the transmission mechanism (3) includes the gear frame (31) connecting with the power device (1), institute State gear frame (31) and be slidably disposed on guide groove (33) by guide rail (32), the extending direction of the guide groove (33) with The moving direction of the power output member is parallel, and at least a pair of opposite driver slot (34) is offered on the gear frame (31), The bottom surface (341) of the driver slot (34) is inclined-plane, is slideably provided with a drive shaft (35), institute in each pair of driver slot (34) It states drive shaft (35) and connects the lifting member (2);The lifting member (2) limits its moving direction by guiding mechanism (4).
10. automation press mounting system according to claim 9, it is characterised in that: the bottom surface (341) of the driver slot (34) Top area be plane (3411).
CN201821230635.0U 2018-08-01 2018-08-01 Adaptive pressing machine and automation press mounting system Active CN208772896U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108772680A (en) * 2018-08-01 2018-11-09 昆山捷云智能装备有限公司 Adaptive pressing machine, automation press mounting system and its pressing method
CN110405445A (en) * 2019-08-09 2019-11-05 浙江绿美泵业有限公司 A kind of automatic press mounting equipment of canned motor pump
CN112518293A (en) * 2020-12-03 2021-03-19 宁波普锐明汽车零部件有限公司 Automatic press-fitting line of shock absorber buffering core piece

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108772680A (en) * 2018-08-01 2018-11-09 昆山捷云智能装备有限公司 Adaptive pressing machine, automation press mounting system and its pressing method
CN108772680B (en) * 2018-08-01 2023-06-16 捷云智能装备(苏州)有限公司 Self-adaptive press-fitting machine, automatic press-fitting system and press-fitting method thereof
CN110405445A (en) * 2019-08-09 2019-11-05 浙江绿美泵业有限公司 A kind of automatic press mounting equipment of canned motor pump
CN112518293A (en) * 2020-12-03 2021-03-19 宁波普锐明汽车零部件有限公司 Automatic press-fitting line of shock absorber buffering core piece
CN112518293B (en) * 2020-12-03 2022-03-11 宁波普锐明汽车零部件有限公司 Automatic press-fitting line of shock absorber buffering core piece

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Address after: 215000 Building 1, No. 11, Sihai Road, Changshu Economic and Technological Development Zone, Suzhou City, Jiangsu Province

Patentee after: Jieyun intelligent equipment (Suzhou) Co.,Ltd.

Address before: 215000 139 CHENFENG East Road, Yushan Town, Kunshan City, Suzhou City, Jiangsu Province

Patentee before: KUNSHAN JIEYUN INTELLIGENT EQUIPMENT Co.,Ltd.

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Denomination of utility model: Adaptive press fitting machine and automatic press fitting system

Effective date of registration: 20220308

Granted publication date: 20190423

Pledgee: Shanghai Bank Co.,Ltd. Suzhou Branch

Pledgor: Jieyun intelligent equipment (Suzhou) Co.,Ltd.

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Pledgor: Jieyun intelligent equipment (Suzhou) Co.,Ltd.

Registration number: Y2022320010085