CN208557030U - A kind of belt bar, wire rod, tubing grinding-polishing process equipment and its production line - Google Patents

A kind of belt bar, wire rod, tubing grinding-polishing process equipment and its production line Download PDF

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Publication number
CN208557030U
CN208557030U CN201820590116.9U CN201820590116U CN208557030U CN 208557030 U CN208557030 U CN 208557030U CN 201820590116 U CN201820590116 U CN 201820590116U CN 208557030 U CN208557030 U CN 208557030U
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China
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grinding
pinch roll
belt
polishing
center line
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琚国青
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Beijing Jagon Engineering & Technologies Co Ltd
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Beijing Jagon Engineering & Technologies Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of belt bar, wire rod, tubing grinding-polishing process equipment and its production lines, the belt bar, wire rod, tubing grinding-polishing process equipment include clamping and conveying device and grinding-polishing device, clamping and conveying device can clamp material and move the material along feeding centerline direction, which can also be such that the material persistently rotates with the feeding center line axis;Grinding-polishing device contains grinding belt (18), and the outer peripheral surface that grinding belt (18) can transport the material come to the clamping and conveying device carries out grinding-polishing.The belt bar, wire rod, tubing grinding-polishing process equipment are configured at after peeling process equipment, the grinding-polishing that the bar by peeling processing carries out abrasive band again are processed, so that billet surface is brighter and cleaner.The utility model is with yield height, finished product accuracy height and with high surface smoothness and comprehensive fine quality.

Description

A kind of belt bar, wire rod, tubing grinding-polishing process equipment and its production line
Technical field
The utility model relates to metal-working plant field, particularly a kind of belt bar, wire rod, tubing grinding-polishing Process equipment or a kind of belt bar, wire rod, tubing grinding-polishing production line.
Background technique
Due to the continuous improvement to intermetallic composite coating quality requirement of adjustment and Chinese market of world's industrial structure.It is modern Processing industry and manufacturing industry forward direction lack cutting direction hair, and this development trend proposes the performance and size of raw material higher and higher Requirement.Bright as silver material is exactly applied under these circumstances and is given birth to, he refers to DEVICE FOR BAR AND WIRE HOT ROLLING by peeling, aligning, abrasive band polishing Etc. processes or process portion processing, to form the bright stick of high-precision, surface zero defect (face crack and decarburized layer) Wire rod.
Its surface smoothness and dimensional accuracy can satisfy the higher requirement of user.Steel grade is mainly spring steel, closes The kinds such as Jin Gang, bearing steel, stainless steel, valve steel, pinion steel, tool steel and high-temperature alloy steel, carbon constructional quality steel.
Its purposes of bright as silver material approximately as: for cold forming processing raw material, such as axis, piston rod, bearing, turnery processing Part, motor spring, the mandril in steel pipe's production and various mechanical axis.Bright as silver material is in automobile, train, motorcycle, nuclear industry, aviation Etc. industries manufacturing field using very universal, for producing fastener, gear, spring and various bar class axis classes.
Bright as silver material is compared with common hot rolling material, can save material 10%~30%, especially for production and processing manufacturing industry, It can be improved 2 times~4 times of effect, part production cost can reduce by 25%, and advantage is clearly.
In recent years, domestic to emerge large quantities of high-quality enterprises of top grade, the production line of modernization and the product of top grade It needs using a large amount of good mechanical performances, dimensional accuracy is high, bright as silver material free of surface defects and decarburization.Bright as silver material, which is listed in, to be had One of quality product of high added value of development potentiality.
External hot-strip finishing process is more perfect, according to the statistics in terms of America and Europe, the half of stainless steel product total amount It is the deep processed products such as cold-drawn, peeling, polishing grinding.When 2000, bright as silver material yield just accounts for special steel stick line for Japan The 17.2% of material yield.And the yield of the deep processings Bar Wire Product such as the bright as silver material in China lacks very little, working ability wretched insufficiency, and portion So-called bright as silver material unstable quality that the peeling machine point kept out time is produced, surface defect is more, finished product rate is lower.
Utility model content
In order to solve the problems, such as that China lacks bright as silver material deep processing equipment, the utility model provide a kind of belt bar, Wire rod, tubing grinding-polishing process equipment and its production line, the belt bar, wire rod, tubing grinding-polishing process equipment are filled up The blank of bright as silver material production aspect in the country.The belt bar, wire rod, tubing grinding-polishing process equipment are configured at peeling and add After construction equipment, the grinding-polishing that the bar by peeling processing carries out abrasive band again is processed, so that billet surface is brighter and cleaner. The utility model is with yield height, finished product accuracy height and with high surface smoothness and comprehensive fine quality.
The technical scheme adopted by the utility model to solve the technical problem is as follows: a kind of belt bar, wire rod, tubing are ground Polishing equipment, comprising:
Clamping and conveying device can clamp material and move the material along feeding centerline direction, which can also Rotate the material persistently with the feeding center line axis;
Grinding-polishing device, containing grinding belt, grinding belt can transport the outer of the material come to the clamping and conveying device Circumferential surface carries out grinding-polishing;
The material is bar, wire rod or tubing, and the center line of the material can be overlapped with the feeding center line.
The clamping and conveying device contains spaced top pinch roll and bottom pinch roll, the feeding center line be located at top pinch roll and Between bottom pinch roll, the distance between top pinch roll and bottom pinch roll can be adjusted, and top pinch roll and bottom pinch roll can clamp The material being in a horizontal state, one in top pinch roll and bottom pinch roll is drive roll, in top pinch roll and bottom pinch roll Another is driven voller.
The outer peripheral surface of top pinch roll and the outer peripheral surface of bottom pinch roll are concave surface, the center line and bottom pinch roll of top pinch roll Center line each parallel to horizontal plane, the center line of top pinch roll and the feeding center line are arranged in a crossed manner, the center of bottom pinch roll Line and the feeding center line are arranged in a crossed manner, in the horizontal plane where the feeding center line, the projection of the center line of top pinch roll With the two sides for being projected in the feeding center line of the center line of bottom pinch roll mirror image each other, the projection of the center line of top pinch roll with The intersection point of the projection of the center line of bottom pinch roll is located on the feeding center line.
The clamping and conveying device also contains clamping and conveying device bracket, adjustment bolt, lower roll pedestal and two bottom pinch roll adjustment blocks, under The upper surface of pinch roller adjustment block is inclined-plane, the upper surface of two bottom pinch roll adjustment blocks mirror image each other, the lower end of lower roll pedestal It is abutted with the matching of the upper surface of two bottom pinch roll adjustment blocks, bottom pinch roll is connect by lower rotary shaft with lower roll pedestal, and spiral shell is adjusted Bolt passes through clamping and conveying device bracket and two bottom pinch roll adjustment blocks, and internal screw thread is oppositely oriented in two bottom pinch roll adjustment blocks, When screwing adjustment bolt, the distance between two bottom pinch roll adjustment blocks, which can become larger, makes bottom pinch roll along a longitudinal straight line It moves down or the distance between two bottom pinch roll adjustment blocks can become smaller makes bottom pinch roll along the longitudinal direction straight line to moving up It is dynamic.
The clamping and conveying device also contains clamping and conveying device bracket, upper roller pedestal and pressure clamping cylinder, pressure clamping cylinder and folder Appliance stand is sent to be connected and fixed, top pinch roll is connect by upper roller pedestal with pressure clamping cylinder, and pressure clamping cylinder can drive Dynamic top pinch roll and upper roller pedestal are moved up or down along a longitudinal straight line, and upper roller pedestal is equipped with guide rod, guide rod It is arranged along the vertical direction, guide rod and the grafting of clamping and conveying device bracket.
The grinding-polishing device also contains driven voller, idler roller and drive roll, and drive roll is connected with for driving drive roll The grinding and driving mechanism of rotation, the center line of the center line of driven voller, the center line of idler roller and drive roll each parallel to this into To center line, grinding belt is enclosed construction, and grinding belt is sheathed on outside driven voller, idler roller and drive roll, and driven voller is opened Tight roller and drive roll can synchronizing moving or rotation make the outer peripheral surface of the appearance face contact of the grinding belt material.
The grinding-polishing device also contains bistrique rack and plant bottom case, and driven voller passes sequentially through driven shaft and driven axle bed Body is connect with bistrique rack, and idler roller is connect by crankshaft with bistrique rack, and drive roll is connect by driving shaft with bistrique rack, One end of bistrique rack and the column of plant bottom case are hinged by the first rotation axis, and the axis of the first rotation axis is parallel to the feeding Center line, the other end of bistrique rack are equipped with the lifting that bistrique rack can be driven to turn an angle using the first rotation axis as axis Driving mechanism, the lift drive mechanism can make driven voller, idler roller and drive roll synchronously to the material direction it is mobile or from It opens and makes the appearance face contact of grinding belt or leave the outer peripheral surface of the material.
The lift drive mechanism contains sequentially connected grinding head lifting cylinder, grinding head lifting adjusting sleeve and grinding head lifting and connects Head, the cylinder barrel and plant bottom case of grinding head lifting cylinder are hinged, and the piston rod of grinding head lifting cylinder is equipped with external screw thread, grinding head lifting tune A whole set of lower end is sheathed on outside the piston rod of grinding head lifting cylinder, the lower end of grinding head lifting adjusting sleeve and the work of grinding head lifting cylinder Stopper rod is threadedly coupled, and the upper end of grinding head lifting adjusting sleeve is sheathed on outside the lower end of grinding head lifting connector, grinding head lifting adjusting sleeve The lower end transition fit of upper end and grinding head lifting connector, the upper end of grinding head lifting connector and the other end of bistrique rack are hinged, when When screwing grinding head lifting adjusting sleeve, the distance between grinding head lifting connector and grinding head lifting cylinder can become larger or become smaller.
The grinding and driving mechanism contains sequentially connected rotary bottom plate, driving motor, driving pulley and driving belt, driving Motor can drive drive roll and driving shaft to rotate synchronously by driving belt, one end of rotary bottom plate by the second rotation axis with Bistrique rack is hinged, and the axis of the second rotation axis is parallel to the axis of the first rotation axis, sets between rotary bottom plate and bistrique rack Have driving belt adjustment screw, the lower end of driving belt adjustment screw and bistrique rack are hinged, driving belt adjustment screw it is upper Across rotary bottom plate, the two sides up and down of rotary bottom plate are equipped with adjusting nut at end, the adjusting nut and driving belt adjustment screw It is threadedly coupled.
A kind of belt bar, wire rod, tubing grinding-polishing production line, contain more above-mentioned belt bars, wire rods, tubing Grinding-polishing process equipment, belt bar described in more, wire rod, the setting of tubing grinding-polishing process equipment interval, every institute The feeding center line coincidence of the belt bar, wire rod, tubing grinding-polishing process equipment stated, belt stick described in every Material, wire rod, the feeding direction of feed of tubing grinding-polishing process equipment are all the same.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: the belt bar, wire rod, tubing grinding-polishing process equipment are configured at peeling After process equipment, the grinding-polishing that the bar by peeling processing carries out abrasive band again is processed, so that billet surface more light It is clean.The utility model is with yield height, finished product accuracy height and with high surface smoothness and comprehensive fine quality.
Detailed description of the invention
The accompanying drawings constituting a part of this application is used to provide a further understanding of the present invention, this is practical Novel illustrative embodiments and their description are not constituteed improper limits to the present invention for explaining the utility model.
Fig. 1 is the overall structure signal of belt bar, wire rod, tubing grinding-polishing process equipment described in the utility model Figure.
Fig. 2 be in Fig. 1 grinding-polishing device along the schematic diagram in the direction A.
Fig. 3 is in Fig. 1 along the cross-sectional view in the direction B-B.
Fig. 4 is the positional diagram between top pinch roll, bottom pinch roll and feeding center line.
Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of crankshaft.
1, clamping and conveying device bracket;2, bottom pinch roll adjustment block;3, bottom pinch roll;4, adjustment bolt;5, top pinch roll;6, on Roller seat body;7, lower roll pedestal;8, clamping cylinder is depressed;9, bistrique rack;10, grinding head lifting cylinder;11, grinding head lifting adjusts Set;12, grinding head lifting connector;13, driven voller;14, drive roll;15, idler roller;16, crankshaft;17, rotary bottom plate;18, it is ground Abrasive band;19, tensioning cylinder;20, driving belt;21, driving belt adjustment screw;22, driving motor;23, driving shaft;24, from Moving axis;25, driven shaft pedestal;26, driving pulley;27, driven pulley;28, guide rod;29, plant bottom case;30, column;31, First rotation axis;32, the second rotation axis;33, material;34, adjusting nut;
161, axle journal section;162, crank section;163, fixed section;164, rocking bar section.
Specific embodiment
It should be noted that in the absence of conflict, the features in the embodiments and the embodiments of the present application can phase Mutually combination.The utility model will be described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments.
A kind of belt bar, wire rod, tubing grinding-polishing process equipment, the belt bar, wire rod, tubing grinding-polishing Process equipment includes the clamping and conveying device set gradually, grinding-polishing device and plant bottom case 29.Clamping and conveying device can clamp material 33 and make the material 33 along feeding the direction center line L1 move, which can also make the material 33 with the feeding center line L1 is that axis persistently rotates;Grinding-polishing device contains grinding belt 18, and grinding belt 18 can transport the clamping and conveying device next The outer peripheral surface of the material 33 carries out grinding-polishing;Wherein, which is bar, wire rod or the tubing of metal, the material 33 Center line can be overlapped with feeding center line L1, such as Fig. 1 to figure.
Clamping and conveying device, which can clamp material 33, makes material 33 continue swivel feeding, and the material 33 of swivel feeding is in high speed rotation 18 ablation of grinding belt under, realize material 33 surface accurate grinding.The shortest length of machinable material 33 Up to 1500mm, there is no limit for longest.This equipment not only can Automatic Control operation, be also manually operable operation.Plant bottom case 29 material is metal cabinet structure.
In the present embodiment, which contains spaced top pinch roll 5 and bottom pinch roll 3 up and down, the feeding Between top pinch roll 5 and bottom pinch roll 3, the distance between top pinch roll 5 and bottom pinch roll 3 can be adjusted with suitable center line Should be in the material 33 of processing various outer diameter, top pinch roll 5 and bottom pinch roll 3 can clamp the material being in a horizontal state, upper folder Send one in roller 5 and bottom pinch roll 3 for drive roll, another in top pinch roll 5 and bottom pinch roll 3 is driven voller.
In the present embodiment, the equal concave surface of the outer peripheral surface of the outer peripheral surface of top pinch roll 5 and bottom pinch roll 3, i.e. top pinch roll 5 The recessed arcwall face of centerline direction from circumferential exterior surface to top pinch roll 5, the circumferential exterior surface of bottom pinch roll 3 is to bottom pinch roll The recessed arcwall face of 3 centerline direction, as depicted in figs. 1 and 2.The center line of top pinch roll 5 and the center line of bottom pinch roll 3 are equal Be parallel to horizontal plane, the center line of top pinch roll 5 and the feeding center line are arranged in a crossed manner, the center line of bottom pinch roll 3 with should be into It is arranged in a crossed manner to center line, in the horizontal plane where the feeding center line, the projection L2 of the center line of top pinch roll 5 and lower folder Send the projection L3 of the center line of roller 3 in the two sides of feeding center line L1 mirror image each other, the projection of the center line of top pinch roll 5 with The intersection point of the projection of the center line of bottom pinch roll 3 is located on the feeding center line, as shown in figure 4, the design can ensure it is to be added The rotation that the material of work can continue in process.
The present embodiment preferably uses bottom pinch roll 3 for drive roll, i.e., bottom pinch roll 3, which is connected with, can drive bottom pinch roll 3 Using the hydraulic motor that the axis of bottom pinch roll 3 is rotated as axis, when top pinch roll 5 and the clamping material 33 of bottom pinch roll 3, under 3 rotation of pinch roller will drive 5 synchronous rotation of top pinch roll, while will also make the material 33 along feeding the direction center line L1 move with It realizes lasting feeding conveying, and rotates the material 33 persistently with the feeding center line L1 axis.
In the present embodiment, which also contains clamping and conveying device bracket 1, adjustment bolt 4, lower roll pedestal 7 and two Bottom pinch roll adjustment block 2.Clamping and conveying device bracket 1 is the frame structure of rectangle, and the left and right sides of clamping and conveying device bracket 1, which is equipped with, to be used for The through-hole of the feeding of material 33 or insertion, the upper surface of bottom pinch roll adjustment block 2 are inclined-plane, two bottom pinch roll adjustment blocks 2 it is upper Mirror image, the lower end of lower roll pedestal 7 are abutted with the matching of the upper surface of two bottom pinch roll adjustment blocks 2 each other on surface, bottom pinch roll 3 It is connect by lower rotary shaft with lower roll pedestal 7, adjustment bolt 4 passes through the baffle and two of the lower end front and rear sides of clamping and conveying device bracket 1 A bottom pinch roll adjustment block 2, the lower surface of clamping and conveying device bracket 1 can prevent two bottom pinch roll adjustment blocks 2 from rotating.Under two Tapped through hole is equipped in pinch roller adjustment block 2, and in two bottom pinch roll adjustment blocks 2 internal screw thread it is oppositely oriented.
In this way, when screwing adjustment bolt 4, two bottom pinch roll adjustment blocks 2 can be driven to mutually drawing close or separate, thus Lower roll pedestal 7 and bottom pinch roll 3 is driven to rise or fall.Specifically, when screwing adjustment bolt 4, two bottom pinch roll adjustment The distance between block 2 can become larger so that bottom pinch roll 3 is moved down along a longitudinal direction straight line L4 or two bottom pinch roll tune The distance between monolith 2 can become smaller so that bottom pinch roll 3 is moved up along longitudinal direction straight line L4, as shown in Figure 2.
In the present embodiment, which also contains upper roller pedestal 6 and pressure clamping cylinder 8, depresses clamping cylinder 8 Cylinder barrel be connected and fixed with clamping and conveying device bracket 1, such as depress clamping cylinder 8 stand upside down the top for being installed on clamping and conveying device bracket 1 Portion.Top pinch roll 5 is connected and fixed by upper roller pedestal 6 and the piston rod of pressure clamping cylinder 8, and pressure clamping cylinder 8 can drive Dynamic top pinch roll 5 and upper roller pedestal 6 are moved up or down along a longitudinal direction straight line L4.Top pinch roll 5 is working in order to prevent During the rotation that is likely to occur, upper roller pedestal 6 is equipped with guide rod 28, and guide rod 28 is arranged along the vertical direction, guide rod 28 with 1 grafting of clamping and conveying device bracket.
In the present embodiment, bottom pinch roll 3 is seated on lower roll pedestal 7, and bottom pinch roll 3 can be with above-mentioned longitudinal straight line L4 It rotates a certain angle for axis, the setting of the angular dimension can be depending on the rate request of conveying material 33;Set angle It after degree, is fixed between bottom pinch roll 3 and lower roll pedestal 7 with bolt, to ensure that angle does not occur during conveying (feeding) material 33 The variation of degree.Above-mentioned longitudinal direction straight line L4 and above-mentioned feeding center line L1 is located in the same vertical plane, longitudinal straight line L4 and feeding Center line L1 is vertical, and longitudinal straight line L4 passes through the intersection point of above-mentioned L2 and L3.Top pinch roll 5 may also be reached with above-mentioned longitudinal straight line L4 It rotates a certain angle for axis, the setting of the angular dimension is depending on the rate request of conveying bar;After setting angle, on It is fixed between pinch roller 5 and upper roller pedestal 6 with bolt, to ensure to convey the variation that angle does not occur in the process for bar.
The clamping and conveying device and grinding-polishing device are both secured on plant bottom case 29.When in use, according to polishing to be ground Material 33 (bar as shown in Figure 1 to Figure 3) diameter, the height adjustment of progress bottom pinch roll 3 first, adjustment passes through Rotate the mode of adjustment bolt 4, it is ensured that after the bar of different-diameter is clamped by top pinch roll 5 and bottom pinch roll 3, in same Center.After front rollgang of the bar to be processed by this equipment enters the clamping and conveying device of the equipment, pressure clamps gas The cylinder rod of cylinder 8 stretches out, and pushes top pinch roll 5 to move down, so that bar is clamped together with bottom pinch roll 3, thus driving rod Material is rotationally advancing.In addition, the surface of top pinch roll 5 and bottom pinch roll 3 can be surrounded by resistance to prevent the surface of bar from scratch occur Grind the heat-resisting non-metallic material bed of material.
In the present invention, which is located at the downstream of the clamping and conveying device, which also contains There are driven voller 13, idler roller 15 and drive roll 14, drive roll 14 is connected with the grinding driving machine for driving 14 rotation of drive roll Structure, the center line of the center line of driven voller 13, the center line of idler roller 15 and drive roll 14 each parallel to feeding center line L1, Driven voller 13 can be rotated by axis of the center line of driven voller 13, and idler roller 15 can turn by axis of the center line of idler roller 15 Dynamic, drive roll 14 can be rotated by axis of the center line of drive roll 14.To make grinding belt 18 in driven voller 13, idler roller 15 It is moved back and forth between drive roll 14.
In the present embodiment, grinding belt 18 is enclosed construction, i.e. the enclosed endless abrasive belt in 18 1, grinding belt, Grinding belt 18 is sheathed on outside driven voller 13, idler roller 15 and drive roll 14, and idler roller 15 is used to that grinding belt 18 to be made to be tensioned, from Dynamic roller 13, idler roller 15 and drive roll 14 synchronizing moving or can leave the appearance face contact for making grinding belt 18 or leave this The outer peripheral surface of material, so that the outer peripheral surface to the material carries out grinding-polishing, as shown in Figure 1.
In the present embodiment, which also contains bistrique rack 9 and plant bottom case 29, and driven voller 13 successively leads to It crosses driven shaft 24 and driven shaft pedestal 25 is connect with bistrique rack 9, idler roller 15 is connect by crankshaft 16 with bistrique rack 9, main Dynamic roller 14 is connect by driving shaft 23 with bistrique rack 9, and the upper end of the column 30 of the upper end and plant bottom case 29 of bistrique rack 9 is logical Cross the first rotation axis 31 hingedly, the axis of the first rotation axis 31 is parallel to feeding center line L1, and the lower end of bistrique rack 9 is equipped with Bistrique rack 9 can be driven with the lift drive mechanism that the first rotation axis 31 is that axis turns an angle, the lift drive mechanism Driven voller 13, idler roller 15 and drive roll 14 can be made synchronously to rotate to the material direction and make the appearance of grinding belt 18 The outer peripheral surface of the face contact material 33.
Specifically, the lift drive mechanism contains sequentially connected grinding head lifting cylinder 10,11 and of grinding head lifting adjusting sleeve Grinding head lifting connector 12, the cylinder barrel and plant bottom case 29 of grinding head lifting cylinder 10 are hinged, outside the piston rod of grinding head lifting cylinder 10 Equipped with external screw thread (piston rod of such as grinding head lifting cylinder 10 is externally provided with T-type external screw thread), the lower end cap of grinding head lifting adjusting sleeve 11 Outside the piston rod of grinding head lifting cylinder 10, the lower end of grinding head lifting adjusting sleeve 11 and the piston rod spiral shell of grinding head lifting cylinder 10 Line connection, the upper end of grinding head lifting adjusting sleeve 11 are sheathed on outside the lower end of grinding head lifting connector 12, grinding head lifting adjusting sleeve 11 The lower end transition fit of upper end and grinding head lifting connector 12, the upper end of grinding head lifting connector 12 and the lower end of bistrique rack 9 are hinged. When the piston rod of grinding head lifting cylinder 10 stretches out, driven voller 13, idler roller 15, drive roll 14 and bistrique rack 9 can be with First rotation axis 31 turns an angle for axis.When screwing grinding head lifting adjusting sleeve 11, grinding head lifting connector 12 and bistrique liter The distance between sending down abnormally ascending cylinder 10 can become larger or become smaller, to adjust the range of 9 rotational angle of bistrique rack, as shown in Figure 3.
The grinding and driving mechanism contains sequentially connected rotary bottom plate 17, driving motor 22, driving pulley 26 and transmission skin Band 20, drive roll 14 are sheathed on outside one end of driving shaft 23, and driven pulley 27, driving shaft are arranged with outside the other end of driving shaft 23 23 pass through bistrique rack 9, and bistrique rack 9 is between drive roll 14 and driven pulley 27, driving pulley 26 and driven pulley 27 Between connected by driving belt 20.Driving motor 22 can pass sequentially through driving pulley 26, driving belt 20 and driven pulley 27 driving drive rolls 14 and driving shaft 23 rotate synchronously, and driving motor 22 is located at the top of bistrique rack 9, and the one of rotary bottom plate 17 End is hinged with bistrique rack 9 by the second rotation axis 32, and the axis of the second rotation axis 32 is parallel to the axis of the first rotation axis 31 Line, rotary bottom plate 17 can rotate certain angle, rotary bottom plate 17 and bistrique rack 9 using the axis of the second rotation axis 32 as axis Between be equipped with driving belt adjustment screw 21, the lower end of driving belt adjustment screw 21 and bistrique rack 9 are hinged, driving belt tune The upper end of whole screw rod 21 passes through rotary bottom plate 17, and the two sides up and down of rotary bottom plate 17 are equipped with adjusting nut, the adjusting nut with Driving belt adjustment screw 21 is threadedly coupled.By screwing adjusting nut 34, rotary bottom plate 17 can be made with the second rotation axis 32 Axis be axis rotate certain angle, to be tensioned driving belt 20 between driving pulley 26 and driven pulley 27.
Tensioning cylinder 19 is equipped between bistrique rack 9 and crankshaft 16, crankshaft 16, which contains, is sequentially connected axle journal section 161, crank Section 162, fixed section 163 and rocking bar section 164, axle journal section 161 and fixed section 163 are the cylinder of standard, and idler roller 15 is arranged In outside axle journal section 161, the fixed section 163 is connected and fixed with bistrique rack 9, the center line of the axle journal section 161 and described solid The center line of section 163 is determined with the feeding centerline parallel, and the cylinder barrel and bistrique rack 9 of tensioning cylinder 19 are hinged, tensioning cylinder The rocking bar section 164 of 19 piston rod and crankshaft 16 is hinged, and when the piston rod of tensioning cylinder 19 stretches out, tensioning cylinder 19 can be driven Moving axis cervical part of esophagus 161, crank section 162 and rocking bar section 164 rotate certain angle as axis using the center line of fixed section 163, thus Idler roller 15 and axle journal section 161 is driven to swing by axis of the center line of fixed section 163, to realize the skill of tensioning grinding belt 18 Art effect.
For convenience, grinding head lifting adjusting sleeve 11 screws, and is circumferentially arranged on the turntable of 11 upper end of grinding head lifting adjusting sleeve There are 3 circular holes, be inserted into for rod iron and rotate the grinding head lifting adjusting sleeve 11.When in use, the grinding head lifting adjusting sleeve is screwed 11, it may make bistrique rack 9 to go up and down, can be used for the pressure of material 33 (such as bar) the adjustment grinding belt 18 for different-diameter Lower amount.
Driven voller 13 is the rubber covered roll that middle part has certain convexity, to improve the frictional force between grinding belt 18, mill Cut abrasive band 18 circumferential exterior surface be carved with intersection certain depth width decorative pattern (such as annular knurl).Driven voller 13 passes through rolling bearing It is connected and installed in outside one end of driven shaft 24, is cooperated between the driven shaft 24 and driven shaft pedestal 25 with cylinder;Driven shaft 24 can It is rotated around the cylinder, for adjusting abrasive band sideslip, the driven shaft 24 and driven shaft pedestal 25 are fixed with bolt, driven shaft pedestal 25 It is welded on the side wall of bistrique rack 9, design and the purpose of roll shape Design of Crown so is all to realize grinding belt 18 Correction adjustment.
Idler roller 15 makes connection with the axis of rolling, is installed on outside the axle journal section 161 of crankshaft 16, the fixed section 163 of crankshaft 16 It is installed in bistrique rack 9, the fixed section 163 and 9 clearance fit of bistrique rack of crankshaft 16, and wear-resistant sleeve is housed;Turning crankshaft Rocking bar section 164, driven voller 13 can realize the rotation of the center line around fixed section 163, to realize the tensioning of grinding belt 18.
19 tail end of tensioning cylinder and pedestal are hinged, which is welded on the side wall of bistrique rack 9;The work of tensioning cylinder 19 Stopper rod and rocking bar section 164 are hinged, by the stretching or retraction of the piston rod of tensioning cylinder 19, crankshaft 16 are driven to rotate, realize mill Cut the tensioning and release in abrasive band 18.When work, the piston rod of tensioning cylinder 19 stretches out, and grinding belt 18 is tensioned, and needs replacing mill When cutting abrasive band 18, the piston rod of tensioning cylinder 19 is retracted, and grinding belt 18 is unclamped.
It is fixedly connected on one end of driving shaft between drive roll 14 and driving shaft 23 with taper tensioner, driving shaft 23 Connection is made with the axis of rolling, is installed in bistrique rack 9;The other end of driving shaft is connected and fixed with key and driven pulley 27.Mill Cutting abrasive band 18 is a closed abrasive band, can be covered from roll side on three rollers.
The variable frequency drive motors 22 of adjustable speed are mounted on the 9 one rotatable rotary bottom plate 17 in top of bistrique rack, when Up and down when adjustment driving belt adjustment screw 21, which drives driving motor 22 that can realize rotation, to realize biography The tensioning degree of dynamic belt 20.After driving belt 20 is adjusted, two adjusting nuts 34 in driving belt adjustment screw 21 It screws, then can fix rotary bottom plate 17.The shaft end of driving motor 22 is consolidated with driving pulley 26, driving pulley 26 with key The transmitting of power is realized with driving belt 20 between driven pulley 27.
In addition, the belt bar, wire rod, tubing grinding-polishing process equipment are also provided with grinding supporting mechanism, the mill Cutting supporting mechanism can be fixed on plant bottom case 29, which contains support roller, and support roller is located at grinding belt The height of 18 lower section, support roller is adjustable, and the centerline parallel of support roller is in the feeding center line, and the support roller is for grinding It cuts and provides support force to material when abrasive band 18 is pressed in the surface of material, reduce the bending of material.
For improve productivity, improve the processing quality of surface of material, in actual production in use, the belt bar, wire rod, Tubing grinding-polishing process equipment can be used in series to form bar, wire rod, tubing grinding-polishing machining production line with multiple groups, such as may be used To be used in series using 3 components.The i.e. described bar, wire rod contain three belt sticks in tubing grinding-polishing machining production line Material, wire rod, tubing grinding-polishing process equipment, three belt bars, wire rod, tubing grinding-polishing process equipment are along feeding Heart line is arranged successively, the feeding center line coincidence of three belt bars, wire rod, tubing grinding-polishing process equipment.Alternatively, one The platform belt bar, wire rod can also contain that there are three the grinding-polishing devices being arranged successively in tubing grinding-polishing process equipment.
I.e. the utility model additionally provides a kind of belt bar, wire rod, tubing grinding-polishing production line, the belt stick Material, wire rod, tubing grinding-polishing production line contain more above-mentioned belt bars, wire rod, tubing grinding-polishing process equipment, more Belt bar, wire rod described in platform, tubing grinding-polishing process equipment are alternatively arranged, it can be understood as contain three Fig. 1 at this time It the equipment and is arranged successively from left to right, the institute of belt bar, wire rod described in every, tubing grinding-polishing process equipment It states feeding center line to be overlapped, belt bar, wire rod described in every, the feeding direction of feed of tubing grinding-polishing process equipment are equal It is identical.Wherein, when which is the belt bar, wire rod, tubing grinding-polishing process equipment normal work, The direction of advance of material 33, such as the feeding feeding of the belt bar, wire rod, tubing grinding-polishing process equipment in the utility model Direction is the direction in Fig. 1 from left to right.
The course of work of above-mentioned belt bar, wire rod, tubing grinding-polishing process equipment is described below.
It first has to (pass through rotation for the height of material (by taking bar as an example) the adjustment bottom pinch roll 3 of different batches specification Adjustment bolt 4 with left-right rotary screw thread, so that the lifting of bottom pinch roll 4 or decline) so that bar enters clamping and conveying device quilt After up-down rollers clamp, the feeding center line L1 that the center line of material 33 is just being better than equipment is overlapped.
Front rollgang of the bar to be processed Jing Guo this equipment (is passed after bar head enters clamping and conveying device by monitoring Sensor issues signal), the piston rod of pressure clamping cylinder 8 is released, and pushes top pinch roll 5 to move down, thus with bottom pinch roll 3 Bar is clamped together, is pitched arrangement arrangement since upper bottom pinch roll strikes a bargain, under the driving of lower roll hydraulic motor, is realized the rotation of bar Turn to advance.
After pinch roller (top pinch roll 5 and bottom pinch roll 3) is left in bar tail portion, (signal is issued by monitoring sensor), The piston rod for depressing clamping cylinder 8 retracts, and top pinch roll 5 is driven to rise.
Work as failure, when being unable to normal process production, hydraulic motor can be rotated backward, and bar can be reversely rotated and be moved back It is dynamic to exit.
When enclosed grinding belt 18 is replaced, replaced from the side of roller;The cylinder rod of tensioning cylinder 19 retracts, Abrasive band is in relaxed state, and after removing old sand band replacement fresh sand band, cylinder rod is released, to be tensioned abrasive band.
Start driving motor 22, if 18 sideslip of grinding belt, tensioning cylinder 19 retracts cylinder rod, so that abrasive band relaxation, The connection fastening bolt between driven shaft 24 and driven shaft pedestal 25 is unclamped, according to sideslip direction, the deflection of appropriate adjustment driven shaft Direction and angle, then fastening bolt, restarts motor, such as goes back sideslip, continue to adjust again, until abrasive band rotates Afterwards, stablize not sideslip.
Bistrique rack 9 is stretched out in the cylinder rod for being in raised configuration namely grinding head lifting cylinder 10 when expecting;When bar Head enters behind the region where grinding belt 18 (automatic detection), and the cylinder rod of grinding head lifting cylinder 10 retracts, bistrique rack 9 It falls, the grinding belt 18 of tensioning is pressed on bar, and the bar of continuous rotation feeding is acted in high-speed rotating grinding belt 18 Under, realize grinding.
According to different diameter specifications, the bar of unlike material, adjustment can be reached by rotating grinding head rising-falling tone the whole series 11 Different grinding amounts is realized in the adjustment of 9 drafts of bistrique rack, so that grinding loads substantially uniform stabilization.In addition, according to The requirement of different surfaces finish and removal amount, can select varigrained grinding belt 18 model carry out using.
It in order to facilitate understanding and describes, absolute positional relation is used in the utility model and is stated, orientation therein Word "upper" indicates the upper side direction in Fig. 1, and "lower" indicates that the downside direction in Fig. 1, " left side " indicate the left direction in Fig. 1, " right side " indicates the right direction in Fig. 1, it can be understood as the utility model has used the observation for reading the reader of the utility model Visual angle.But the above-mentioned noun of locality cannot understand or be not construed as the restriction to scope of protection of the utility model.
The above, only specific embodiment of the utility model cannot limit the range that utility model is implemented, institute with it With the displacement of its equivalent assemblies, or according to equivalent variations made by the utility model patent protection scope and modification, should all still fall within The scope that this patent is covered.In addition, between technical characteristic and technical characteristic in the utility model, technical characteristic and technical solution Between, between technical solution and technical solution use can be freely combined.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of belt bar, wire rod, tubing grinding-polishing process equipment, which is characterized in that the belt bar, wire rod, pipe Material grinding-polishing process equipment includes:
Clamping and conveying device can clamp material and move the material along feeding centerline direction, which can also make this Material is persistently rotated using the feeding center line as axis;
Grinding-polishing device, containing grinding belt (18), grinding belt (18) can transport the material of coming to the clamping and conveying device Outer peripheral surface carry out grinding-polishing;
The material is bar, wire rod or tubing, and the center line of the material can be overlapped with the feeding center line.
2. belt bar according to claim 1, wire rod, tubing grinding-polishing process equipment, which is characterized in that the pinch Device contains spaced top pinch roll (5) and bottom pinch roll (3), which is located at top pinch roll (5) and lower folder It send between roller (3), the distance between top pinch roll (5) and bottom pinch roll (3) can adjust, top pinch roll (5) and bottom pinch roll (3) material being in a horizontal state can be clamped, one in top pinch roll (5) and bottom pinch roll (3) is drive roll, upper pinch Another in roller (5) and bottom pinch roll (3) is driven voller.
3. belt bar according to claim 2, wire rod, tubing grinding-polishing process equipment, which is characterized in that upper to pinch The outer peripheral surface of roller (5) and the outer peripheral surface of bottom pinch roll (3) are concave surface, the center line of top pinch roll (5) and bottom pinch roll (3) Center line is each parallel to horizontal plane, and the center line of top pinch roll (5) and the feeding center line are arranged in a crossed manner, bottom pinch roll (3) Center line and the feeding center line are arranged in a crossed manner, in the horizontal plane where the feeding center line, the center line of top pinch roll (5) Projection and bottom pinch roll (3) center line the two sides for being projected in feeding center line mirror image each other, in top pinch roll (5) The intersection point of the projection of the center line of the projection and bottom pinch roll (3) of heart line is located on the feeding center line.
4. belt bar according to claim 2, wire rod, tubing grinding-polishing process equipment, which is characterized in that the pinch Device also contains clamping and conveying device bracket (1), adjustment bolt (4), lower roll pedestal (7) and two bottom pinch roll adjustment blocks (2), lower folder The upper surface for sending roller adjustment block (2) is inclined-plane, the upper surface of two bottom pinch roll adjustment blocks (2) mirror image each other, lower roll pedestal (7) Lower end is abutted with the matching of the upper surface of two bottom pinch roll adjustment blocks (2), bottom pinch roll (3) passes through lower rotary shaft and lower roll pedestal (7) it connects, adjustment bolt (4) passes through clamping and conveying device bracket (1) and two bottom pinch roll adjustment blocks (2), two bottom pinch roll tune Internal screw thread is oppositely oriented in monolith (2), when screwing adjustment bolt (4), the distance between two bottom pinch roll adjustment blocks (2) Can become larger make bottom pinch roll (3) along a longitudinal straight line move down or two bottom pinch roll adjustment blocks (2) between away from Bottom pinch roll (3) is moved up along the longitudinal direction straight line from that can become smaller.
5. belt bar according to claim 2, wire rod, tubing grinding-polishing process equipment, which is characterized in that the pinch Device also contains clamping and conveying device bracket (1), upper roller pedestal (6) and pressure clamping cylinder (8), pressure clamping cylinder (8) and pinch Appliance stand (1) is connected and fixed, and top pinch roll (5) is connect by upper roller pedestal (6) with pressure clamping cylinder (8), and pressure clamps Cylinder (8) can drive top pinch roll (5) and upper roller pedestal (6) to move up or down along a longitudinal straight line, upper roller pedestal (6) guide rod (28) are equipped with, guide rod (28) is arranged along the vertical direction, guide rod (28) and clamping and conveying device bracket (1) grafting.
6. belt bar according to claim 1, wire rod, tubing grinding-polishing process equipment, which is characterized in that the grinding Burnishing device also contains driven voller (13), idler roller (15) and drive roll (14), and drive roll (14) is connected with for driving actively The grinding and driving mechanism of roller (14) rotation, the center line of driven voller (13), the center line of idler roller (15) and drive roll (14) Center line is enclosed construction each parallel to the feeding center line, grinding belt (18), and grinding belt (18) are sheathed on driven voller (13), idler roller (15) and drive roll (14) outside, driven voller (13), idler roller (15) and drive roll (14) can synchronizing moving or Rotation makes the outer peripheral surface of the appearance face contact of grinding belt (18) material.
7. belt bar according to claim 6, wire rod, tubing grinding-polishing process equipment, which is characterized in that the grinding Burnishing device also contains bistrique rack (9) and plant bottom case (29), and driven voller (13) passes sequentially through driven shaft (24) and driven shaft Pedestal (25) is connect with bistrique rack (9), and idler roller (15) is connect by crankshaft (16) with bistrique rack (9), drive roll (14) It is connect by driving shaft (23) with bistrique rack (9), one end of bistrique rack (9) passes through with the column (30) of plant bottom case (29) Hingedly, the axis of the first rotation axis (31) is parallel to the feeding center line, the other end of bistrique rack (9) to first rotation axis (31) Equipped with the lift drive mechanism that bistrique rack (9) can be driven to turn an angle with the first rotation axis (31) for axis, the lifting Driving mechanism can make driven voller (13), idler roller (15) and drive roll (14) synchronously mobile to the material direction or leave simultaneously Make the appearance face contact of grinding belt (18) or leaves the outer peripheral surface of the material.
8. belt bar according to claim 7, wire rod, tubing grinding-polishing process equipment, which is characterized in that the lifting Driving mechanism contains sequentially connected grinding head lifting cylinder (10), grinding head lifting adjusting sleeve (11) and grinding head lifting connector (12), Hingedly, the piston rod of grinding head lifting cylinder (10) is equipped with external screw thread for the cylinder barrel of grinding head lifting cylinder (10) and plant bottom case (29), The lower end of grinding head lifting adjusting sleeve (11) is sheathed on outside the piston rod of grinding head lifting cylinder (10), grinding head lifting adjusting sleeve (11) Lower end is connect with the piston rod thread of grinding head lifting cylinder (10), and the upper end of grinding head lifting adjusting sleeve (11) is sheathed on grinding head lifting Outside the lower end of connector (12), the upper end of grinding head lifting adjusting sleeve (11) and the lower end transition fit of grinding head lifting connector (12), mill The upper end of head lifting connector (12) and the other end of bistrique rack (9) are hinged, when screwing grinding head lifting adjusting sleeve (11), bistrique Lifting the distance between connector (12) and grinding head lifting cylinder (10) can become larger or become smaller.
9. belt bar according to claim 8, wire rod, tubing grinding-polishing process equipment, which is characterized in that the grinding Driving mechanism contains sequentially connected rotary bottom plate (17), driving motor (22), driving pulley (26) and driving belt (20), drives Dynamic motor (22) can drive drive roll (14) and driving shaft (23) to rotate synchronously by driving belt (20), rotary bottom plate (17) One end by the second rotation axis (32) and bistrique rack (9) hingedly, the axis of the second rotation axis (32) is parallel to the first rotation The axis of axis (31) is equipped with driving belt adjustment screw (21) between rotary bottom plate (17) and bistrique rack (9), driving belt tune Hingedly, the upper end of driving belt adjustment screw (21) passes through rotary bottom plate (17) for the lower end and bistrique rack (9) of whole screw rod (21), The two sides up and down of rotary bottom plate (17) are equipped with adjusting nut, and the adjusting nut and driving belt adjustment screw (21) screw thread connect It connects.
10. a kind of belt bar, wire rod, tubing grinding-polishing production line, which is characterized in that the belt bar, wire rod, tubing Grinding-polishing production line contains more belt bars described in claim 1, wire rod, tubing grinding-polishing process equipment, and more The belt bar, wire rod, the setting of tubing grinding-polishing process equipment interval, belt bar, wire rod, tubing described in every The feeding center line of grinding-polishing process equipment is overlapped, belt bar, wire rod described in every, the processing of tubing grinding-polishing The feeding direction of feed of equipment is all the same.
CN201820590116.9U 2018-04-24 2018-04-24 A kind of belt bar, wire rod, tubing grinding-polishing process equipment and its production line Active CN208557030U (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109848007A (en) * 2019-03-29 2019-06-07 苏州安特化妆品股份有限公司 A kind of the kinetic spray equipment and technique of pearly-lustre lipstick
CN110274481A (en) * 2019-05-18 2019-09-24 江苏江顺精密机电设备有限公司 A kind of pressure bar mechanism of upper bar stand
CN110480440A (en) * 2019-08-12 2019-11-22 江苏欧朗汽车管路系统有限公司 A kind of automobile pipeline processing surface spikes removal device

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109848007A (en) * 2019-03-29 2019-06-07 苏州安特化妆品股份有限公司 A kind of the kinetic spray equipment and technique of pearly-lustre lipstick
CN110274481A (en) * 2019-05-18 2019-09-24 江苏江顺精密机电设备有限公司 A kind of pressure bar mechanism of upper bar stand
CN110274481B (en) * 2019-05-18 2021-01-12 江苏江顺精密机电设备有限公司 Bar pressing mechanism of bar feeding rack
CN110480440A (en) * 2019-08-12 2019-11-22 江苏欧朗汽车管路系统有限公司 A kind of automobile pipeline processing surface spikes removal device
CN110480440B (en) * 2019-08-12 2021-01-15 江苏欧朗汽车管路系统有限公司 Surface burr removing device for automobile pipeline machining

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