A kind of four axis timber processing unit (plant)s
The utility model relates to timber processing technique fields, and in particular to a kind of four axis timber processing unit (plant)s.
Traditional timber processing is general to be used: hinge machine, lockhole machine, timber machine, rule side's machine, drilling machine wait a series of set
Standby Combined machining is completed, and such production technology is complicated, and different equipment needs different people to go to operate, causes manning
More, high production cost, production efficiency is low；And in process, timber needs to be waken up with a start in different places by different people and add
Work is likely to result in the damage of timber, and quality is difficult to ensure.
Utility model content
To solve the above problems, the utility model provides a kind of four axis timber processing unit (plant)s, structure is simple, can will be wooden
Five face time processings of door form, and reduce production cost, improve production efficiency.
To achieve the above object, the technical solution that the utility model is taken are as follows: a kind of four axis timber processing unit (plant)s, including machine
Frame, X-axis mechanism, Y-axis mechanism, Z-axis mechanism, B axle mechanism, the Y-axis mechanism are connected with rack side, in the Y-axis mechanism
Side is provided with crossbeam, and the crossbeam is connected with the X-axis mechanism, and the X-axis mechanism is connected with the Z-axis mechanism, the Z
Axis mechanism is connected with the B axle mechanism, and the B axle mechanism is connected with main shaft, and the main shaft is for installing processing timber institute
The different cutters needed.
A preferred technical solution as the utility model: the Y-axis mechanism includes that Y-axis guide rail, Y-axis and Y-axis are watched
Motor is taken, the Y-axis guide rail is fixed on the two sides of rack, and the Y-axis guide rail is connected by sliding block with Y-axis, sets in the Y-axis
It is equipped with the Y-axis servo motor for driving it to move in Y-axis guide rail.
A preferred technical solution as the utility model: the X-axis mechanism includes that X-axis guide rail, X-axis and X-axis are watched
Take motor；The side of crossbeam is arranged in the X-axis guide rail, and the X-axis guide rail is connected by sliding block with X-axis, on the crossbeam
Side is provided with rack gear, and the X-axis servo motor setting is provided with gear, the tooth on X-axis rear, the X-axis servo motor
Wheel is meshed with the rack gear, and the X-axis servo motor passes through the engaged transmission of wheel and rack, drives X-axis in X-axis guide rail
It is mobile.
A preferred technical solution as the utility model: the Z-axis mechanism includes that Z axis guide rail, Z axis and Z axis are watched
Take motor；In X-axis front, the Z axis is connected by sliding block with Z axis guide rail for the Z axis guide rail setting, the Z axis servo electricity
Machine is arranged above X-axis, for driving Z axis to move in Z axis guide rail.
A preferred technical solution as the utility model: the B axle mechanism includes B axle, B axle servo motor；Institute
It states B axle servo motor to be arranged on Z axis, the B axle is connected with Z axis, and the B axle servo motor is for driving B axle around itself
Rotation, the main shaft are mounted in B axle.
A preferred technical solution as the utility model: the B axle servo motor is driven humorous by synchronous pulley
The mode of wave speed reducer is connected with B axle.
A preferred technical solution as the utility model: the two sides of the X-axis are respectively arranged with assistant cylinder, institute
The output end for stating assistant cylinder is connected with Z axis.
A preferred technical solution as the utility model: table top guide rail, the table top are provided in the rack
Guide rail locking apparatus and vacuum suction item are provided on guide rail, the vacuum suction item is filled with table top guide rail and guide rail locking respectively
It sets and is connected, the vacuum suction block for adsorbing timber is provided with above the vacuum suction item；Far from table top in the rack
The side of guide rail is provided with the multiple groups cutter that technique processing is carried out to timber, and the multiple groups cutter includes saw blade, the first combination knife
Tool, the second gang tool and forming cutter and flat-bottom milling cutter.
A preferred technical solution as the utility model: being provided with left positioning cylinder on the left of the rack, described
Prelocalization cylinder is provided in front of rack；First gang tool includes the first cutter for carrying out front and back rule side to timber
With the first saw blade；Second gang tool includes the second cutter to drill for timber front side, for drilling on rear side of timber
Third cutter and the 4th cutter for left side hinge groove milling type.
A preferred technical solution as the utility model: the rack is by essence after rectangular square tube welding integrally annealed
It is process, Y-axis is arc-shaped curved surface shape, and using integral casting forming, crossbeam is using whole welded square tube.
The utility model has the following beneficial effects:
1, structure is simple, can be by five face simultaneous manufacturing of timber, the process time of a fan timber short, more traditional wood
Door processing reduces large number of equipment and personnel's investment, saves process time.
2, by the rotation of B axle, 3 ° -30 ° of special angle for can requiring timber side are processed, and are realized common
The impossible technique of lathe.
3, the disposable clamping of equipment, the five faces processing of timber is realized by tool changing, and high degree of automation improves production
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the utility model overall structure diagram；
Fig. 2 is the main view of Fig. 1；
Fig. 3 is the enlarged drawing in Fig. 2 at B；
Fig. 4 is the left view of Fig. 1；
Fig. 5 is the top view of Fig. 1；
Fig. 6 is the enlarged drawing in Fig. 5 at A；
In Fig. 1-6: 1, rack, 2, Y-axis guide rail, 3, Y-axis, 4, crossbeam, 5, X-axis, 6, Z axis servo motor, 7, assistant cylinder,
8, Z axis guide rail, 9, X-axis guide rail, 10, B axle servo motor, 11, Y-axis servo motor, 12, guide rail locking apparatus, 13, table top leads
Rail, 14, gear, 15, X-axis servo motor, 16, main shaft, 17, B axle, 18, left positioning cylinder, 19, vacuum suction block, 20, preceding fixed
Position cylinder, 21, flat-bottom milling cutter, 22, forming cutter, 23, saw blade, 24, gang tool, 25, gang tool, 26, vacuum suction item,
27, Z axis, 28, timber, the 29, first saw blade, the 30, first cutter, the 31, the 5th cutter, the 32, second cutter, the 33, the 4th cutter,
34, third cutter, 35, rack gear.
In order to which the purpose of this utility model and advantage is more clearly understood, with reference to embodiments to the utility model into
Row is further described.It should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein is only used to explain the utility model, and do not have to
In restriction the utility model.
As Figure 1-Figure 2, the utility model embodiment provides a kind of four axis timber processing unit (plant)s, including rack 1, X
Axis mechanism, Y-axis mechanism, Z-axis mechanism, B axle mechanism, rack 1 finish after welding integrally annealed by rectangular square tube, effectively protect
Demonstrate,prove 1 structure permanency shape of rack；It is provided with table top guide rail 13 in rack 1, is provided with guide rail locking apparatus on table top guide rail 13
12 and vacuum suction item 26, vacuum suction item 26 be connected respectively with table top guide rail 13 and guide rail locking apparatus 12, vacuum suction
It is provided with the vacuum suction block 19 for adsorbing timber above item 26, can be adjusted simultaneously by manually adjusting guide rail locking apparatus 12
The position timber 28 of vacuum suction item 26 and vacuum suction block 19 is installed on vacuum suction block 19, by adjusting that can cope with rule
The different timber of lattice；It is provided with left positioning cylinder 18 on the left of rack 1, is provided with prelocalization cylinder 20 in front of rack 1, rule can be coped with
The different timber of lattice；
Side in rack 1 far from table top guide rail 13 is provided with the multiple groups cutter that different process processing is carried out to timber, more
Group cutter includes saw blade 23, the first gang tool 24, the second gang tool 25 and forming cutter 22 and flat-bottom milling cutter 21；Saw blade 23 is used
It is processed in complete timber length and width dimensions；First gang tool 24 includes the first cutter 30 for carrying out front and back rule side to timber
With the first saw blade 29；Second gang tool includes the second cutter 32 to drill for timber front side, for drilling on rear side of timber
Third cutter 34 and the 4th cutter 33 and the 5th cutter 31 for left side hinge groove milling type；Using the first gang tool 24
It can be used to process timber side four sides size with the second gang tool 25；
Y-axis mechanism is connected with 1 side of rack, and Y-axis mechanism includes Y-axis guide rail 2, Y-axis 3 and Y-axis servo motor 11, Y-axis
Guide rail 2 is fixed on the two sides of rack 1, and Y-axis guide rail 2 is connected with Y-axis 3 by sliding block, is provided in Y-axis 3 for driving it in Y
The Y-axis servo motor 11 moved on axis rail 1；Y-axis 3 is arc-shaped curved surface shape, and using integral casting forming, arc-shaped curved surface guarantees more
Crossbeam 4 is provided with above Y-axis mechanism, crossbeam 4 is unlikely to deform using whole welded square tube；Crossbeam 4 and X-axis mechanism
It is connected, X-axis mechanism includes X-axis guide rail 9, X-axis 5 and X-axis servo motor 15；The side of crossbeam 4, X-axis is arranged in X-axis guide rail 9
Guide rail 9 is connected by sliding block with X-axis 5, and rack gear 35 is provided with above crossbeam 4, and X-axis servo motor 15 is arranged in 5 rear of X-axis, X
Gear 14 is provided on axis servo motor 15, gear 14 is meshed with rack gear 35, and X-axis servo motor 15 passes through gear 14 and rack gear
35 engaged transmission, driving X-axis 5 move in X-axis guide rail 9；
X-axis mechanism is connected with Z-axis mechanism, and Z-axis mechanism includes Z axis guide rail 8, Z axis 27 and Z axis servo motor 6；Z axis is led
The setting of rail 8 is connected by sliding block with Z axis guide rail 8 in 5 front of X-axis, Z axis 27, and Z axis servo motor 6 is arranged above X-axis 5, uses
It is moved in Z axis guide rail 8 in driving Z axis 27；The two sides of X-axis 5 are respectively arranged with assistant cylinder 7, the output end of assistant cylinder 7 with
Z axis 27 is connected；
Z-axis mechanism is connected with B axle mechanism, and B axle mechanism includes B axle 17, B axle servo motor 10；B axle servo motor 10 is set
It sets on Z axis 27, B axle 17 is connected with Z axis 27, and B axle servo motor 10 is for driving B axle 17 to rotate around itself, B axle servo electricity
Machine 10 is connected in such a way that synchronous pulley drives harmonic wave speed reducing machine with B axle 17, guarantees rotation flexibility and machining accuracy；Main shaft
16 are mounted in B axle 17, for cutter needed for installing processing timber, cutter deeper for wooden door lock hole size on main shaft 16
It is long, angular compliance tool sharpening is rotated using B axle 17；For 3-30 ° of the special angle that timber side requires, using B axle 17
Specified angle is rotated to process the impossible technique of machine tool；
Rack 1 is placed on level ground, and Y-axis 3 is connected by Y-axis guide rail 2 with rack 1, and passes through Y-axis servo motor 11
Driving Y-axis 3 moves in Y-axis guide rail 2, and crossbeam 4 is connected with Y-axis 3, and X-axis 5 is connected by X-axis guide rail 9 with crossbeam 4, and passes through X
Axis servo motor 15 drives X-axis 5 to move in X-axis guide rail 9, and Z axis 27 is connected by Z axis guide rail 8 with X-axis 5, and is watched by Z axis
Taking motor 6 drives it to move in Z axis guide rail 8；
B axle 17 is connected with Z axis 27, and drives it to rotate around itself by B axle servo motor 10；Main shaft 16 is mounted on B axle
On 17, on main shaft 16 it is mountable it is all kinds of needed for cutters, each structure through cooperation can be achieved it is four-axle linked, to realize five face one of timber
Secondary processing and forming, about 5-8 minute can complete the processing of a fan timber, process compared with traditional timber, reduce large number of equipment,
Personnel's investment, saves process time；The disposable clamping of equipment realizes the processing of five face of timber, improves production efficiency.
The working principle of this specific implementation are as follows:
1, timber or so rule side: left positioning cylinder 18 and prelocalization cylinder 20 are risen, and timber 28 is lain in vacuum and is inhaled
On attached piece 19, and it is close to left positioning cylinder 18, prelocalization cylinder 20, opens vacuum suction, fall left positioning cylinder 18, prelocalization
Main shaft 16 is changed saw blade 23 by cylinder 20, rotates main shaft 16 to 90 degree of positions around B axle 17,
Y-axis 3 is moved, which in Y-axis guide rail 2, by Y-axis servo motor 11 completes 28 or so rule side's technique of timber.
2, rule side before and after timber: main shaft 16 is rotated to 0 degree of position, by first group around B axle 17 by B axle servo motor 10
It closes in the replacement to main shaft 16 of cutter 24, drives Y-axis 3 to keep the first saw blade 29 on gang tool 24 mobile by Y-axis servo motor 11
To 28 rear of timber, X-axis 5 is moved left and right in X-axis guide rail 9 by X-axis servo motor 15, pass through Y-axis servo electricity after the completion
Machine 11 makes the first saw blade 29 be moved to 28 front of Solid Door, then drives X-axis 5 to move up in X-axis guide rail 9 by X-axis servo motor 15
Dynamic rule side's technique before and after completing timber 28.
3, timber bores front and back conveying hole and hinge groove: by the replacement to main shaft 16 of the second gang tool 25, passing through Y-axis servo
Motor 11 drives Y-axis 3 to move in Y-axis guide rail 2, completes to drill on rear side of timber 28 using third cutter 34, uses the second cutter
It drills on front side of 32 completion timbers 28, and drives X-axis 5 to move in X-axis guide rail 9 by X-axis servo motor 15, complete porous add
Then work passes through X-axis servo motor 15, Y-axis servo motor 11, Z axis servo motor 6 and respectively drives X-axis 5, Y-axis 3, Z axis 27, make
28 left side hinge groove milling type of timber is completed with the 4th cutter 33.
4, side milling: the positive facing cut type of timber, front hole milling by the replacement to main shaft 16 of forming cutter 22, pass through X-axis servo electricity
Machine 15, Y-axis servo motor 11, Z axis servo motor 6 respectively drive X-axis 5, Y-axis 3, Z axis 27, and three-shaft linkage completes the positive facing cut of timber
Type technique；By in the replacement to main shaft 16 of flat-bottom milling cutter 21, pass through X-axis servo motor 15, Y-axis servo motor 11, Z axis servo motor
6 respectively drive X-axis 5, Y-axis 3, Z axis 27, and three-shaft linkage completes the positive hole milling technique of timber 28；Then pass through B axle servo motor 10
It drives the rotation of B axle 17 to 90 degree of positions, is then driven respectively by X-axis servo motor 15, Y-axis servo motor 11, Z axis servo motor 6
Dynamic X-axis 5, Y-axis 3, Z axis 27, three-shaft linkage complete milling type technique on the right side of timber 28.
The above is only the preferred embodiment of the utility model, it is noted that for the common skill of the art
For art personnel, without departing from the principle of this utility model, can also make several improvements and retouch, these improve and
Retouching also should be regarded as the protection scope of the utility model.