CN208490497U - A kind of Internet of Things intelligent irrigation total management system - Google Patents

A kind of Internet of Things intelligent irrigation total management system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN208490497U
CN208490497U CN201821110240.7U CN201821110240U CN208490497U CN 208490497 U CN208490497 U CN 208490497U CN 201821110240 U CN201821110240 U CN 201821110240U CN 208490497 U CN208490497 U CN 208490497U
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internet
module
irrigation
total management
management system
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CN201821110240.7U
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张海燕
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BEIJING NEW WATER TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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BEIJING NEW WATER TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of Internet of Things intelligent irrigation total management systems, sensor is by collected signal, it is input to master control system condition module, after data processing, host computer is uploaded to by communication module or control centre is shown, processing and storage, system is compared judgement with the setting value of system according to the data for acquiring and receiving in real time, signal is transmitted to frequency converter, frequency converter is according to specific signal value, the corresponding revolving speed for adjusting motor, motor drives water pump to draw water from water source, when needing to irrigate, solenoid valve will be opened according to the instruction that control centre assigns, at the end of irrigation, solenoid valve is just closed according to the instruction that control centre assigns.The utility model relies on sensor network to acquire irrigation district crop water information, is pooled to gateway node and is sent to Master Control Center, and central host determines irrigation state according to information and calculates duty, and intelligent irrigation is realized in control irrigation equipment work.

Description

A kind of Internet of Things intelligent irrigation total management system
Technical field
The utility model relates to intelligent terminal fields, in particular to a kind of Internet of Things intelligent irrigation integrated management system System.
Background technique
China is used as large agricultural country, while also implying that it is to use water big country, and water resources in china is extremely short, water resource Crisis has become an important factor for restricting sustainable economic development.Agricultural water waste in China's is serious, and water efficiency of irrigation is low, Therefore the road of scientific and technological Water-saving Agriculture is walked to realize the reasonable utilization of water resource, can not only save water resource, it is often more important that Agricultural water efficiency can be improved, improve the ecological environment, this is the key that realize China's accurate agricultural.This reading intelligent agriculture irrigates system System comes into being in this background.
So-called reading intelligent agriculture irrigation system is exactly to be not required to the control of very important person, and system can be automatically sensed until what time need to fill It irrigates, how long is irrigation, and system may be implemented to automatically begin to irrigate, and irrigation can also be automatically closed;It is too dry that soil may be implemented Shi Zeng great sprinkling irrigation, is reduced sprinkling irrigation, realizes that this function will make full use of the control action of controller, adopted using sensor when overly wet The analog signal of collection is converted into digital signal through A/D module.However the efficiency of existing irrigation water system is lower.
Utility model content
The utility model problem lower for irrigation water system effectiveness proposes a kind of based on embedded intelligence irrigation Control system relies on sensor network to acquire irrigation district crop water information, is pooled to gateway node and is sent to Master Control Center, in Heart host determines irrigation state according to information and calculates duty, and intelligent irrigation is realized in control irrigation equipment work.
The utility model adopts the following technical solution, provides a kind of Internet of Things intelligent irrigation total management system, including Hardware components and software section, the hardware components include the programmable controller being connected electrically on master control system condition module, Sensor module, wireless data transmission module, ethernet module, multicircuit relay output control module, liquid manure integrated control system, institute Programmable controller is stated for controlling the multicircuit relay output control according to the control instruction of the master control system condition module The movement of molding block, liquid manure integrated control system, the sensor module are used to provide soil to the master control system condition module Temperature humidity in earth is used to pass the data of the sensor module with online pressure data, the wireless data transmission module is filled To the master control system condition module, the ethernet module is used to the master control system condition module being electrically connected to Internet of Things Cloud platform, the multicircuit relay output control module are used to control motor, the water pump of multiple branches, and the liquid manure is integrally controlled System processed is connected with fertilizer and provides device, the master control system operating condition mould for controlling relay and high-pressure pump, the high-pressure pump Block is for comparing the data of the sensor module with preset standard value, then according to the actual situation, automatic adjustment electricity Motivation revolving speed, is irrigated;The software section is used for comprehensive detection management field device, realizes long-range detection control.
The motor automatically adjusts motor speed by frequency converter, and the frequency converter is according to actual signal condition The revolving speed of motor is automatically adjusted, the motor is set with 3 kinds of high speed, middling speed, low speed rotation speed states.
The system uploads data and down-transmitting data using Internet of Things transmission, and the upload data include: air themperature, wet Degree, the soil moisture, humidity, the working condition of each control unit;The down-transmitting data includes: master control system condition module to each control Unit processed issues various control instructions.
The system also includes electronic flowmeter, the flowmeter is used for real-time detection irrigation water capacity information.
The multiple branch end is connected with drip irrigation zone or spray head.
The liquid manure integrated control system is the independent linkage equipment in the system, by controller, time switch, friendship Stream contactor and controller switching equipment are mounted in a cabinet, by the high-pressure pump of Pipe installing, provide the fertilizer to device In liquid fertilizer filling main water supply pipe in.
The ethernet module includes internet, GPRS, 3G or 4G access system, for realizing Internet of Things cloud platform and prison Control center, mobile phone interconnect between PAD.
The system also includes solar electric power supply systems.
The system also includes LCD displays, for showing each data.
The system also includes timing control module, the timing control module sets open and close time to motor-driven valve, works as filling When the signal value irrigate reaches the humidity value of setting, electric water pump is automatically stopped irrigation.
The utility model is had the advantages that 1, will be given full play to now by Internet of Things intelligent irrigation total management system Some water-saving device effects, Optimized Operation are improved benefit.2, it by the application of automatic control technology, more saves water and energy, reduces The cost of irrigation.3, total system carries out data communication, stability and strong real-time using Ethernet.4, data-handling capacity By force, fast response time.5, system maintenance ability is strong, mitigates burden for users.6, evolution formula system designs, and software and hardware is scalable. 7, real-time display irrigates regimen, lock position, water level information.8, telemetry system monitoring of tools management function is realized.9, by modern logical News means send to relevant unit and irrigate data information.
Detailed description of the invention
The drawings described herein are used to provide a further understanding of the present application, constitutes part of this application, this Shen Illustrative embodiments and their description please are not constituted an undue limitation on the present application for explaining the application.In the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of the utility model Internet of Things intelligent irrigation total management system;
Fig. 2 is the system of the utility model and the schematic diagram that Internet of Things is connect;
Fig. 3 is the circuit diagram of the utility model;
Fig. 4 is sensor schematic used in the utility model;
Fig. 5 is the utility model simplified pinciple figure;
The software schematic diagram of Fig. 6 the utility model.
Specific embodiment
The following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, carries out the technical scheme in the embodiment of the utility model Clearly and completely describe, it is clear that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the utility model, rather than whole Embodiment.Be to the description only actually of at least one exemplary embodiment below it is illustrative, never as to this is practical Novel and its application or any restrictions used.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are not having Every other embodiment obtained under the premise of creative work is made, is fallen within the protection scope of the utility model.
It should be noted that term used herein above is merely to describe specific embodiment, and be not intended to restricted root According to the illustrative embodiments of the application.As used herein, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise, otherwise singular Also it is intended to include plural form, additionally, it should be understood that, when in the present specification using term "comprising" and/or " packet Include " when, indicate existing characteristics, step, operation, device, component and/or their combination.
Unless specifically stated otherwise, positioned opposite, the digital table of the component and step that otherwise illustrate in these embodiments Up to the unlimited the scope of the utility model processed of formula and numerical value.Simultaneously, it should be appreciated that for ease of description, each shown in attached drawing The size of a part is not to draw according to actual proportionate relationship.For skill known to person of ordinary skill in the relevant Art, method and apparatus may be not discussed in detail, but in the appropriate case, and technology, method and apparatus should be considered as authorization and say A part of bright book.In shown here and discussion all examples, any occurrence should be construed as merely illustratively, Not as limitation.Therefore, the other examples of exemplary embodiment can have different values.It should also be noted that similar mark Number and letter similar terms are indicated in following attached drawing, therefore, once be defined in a certain Xiang Yi attached drawing, then subsequent It does not need that it is further discussed in attached drawing.
The Internet of Things intelligent irrigation total management system of the utility model embodiment, including hardware components and software section, The hardware components include the programmable controller being connected electrically on master control system condition module, master control system condition module, pass Sensor, A/D module, frequency converter, wireless communication module, ethernet module, motor, relay, water pump, electrically operated valve, multichannel Relay output control module, water-fertilizer integral equipment, main pipeline, branch pipe(tube), drip irrigation zone, spray head etc., the programmable control Device processed is used to control the multicircuit relay output control module, liquid manure according to the control instruction of the master control system condition module The movement of integrated control system, the temperature that the sensor module is used to provide in soil to the master control system condition module are wet Online pressure data is spent and fills, the wireless data transmission module is used to the data of the sensor module reaching the master control system System condition module, the ethernet module is used to the master control system condition module being electrically connected to Internet of Things cloud platform, described Multicircuit relay output control module is used to control motor, the water pump of multiple branches, and the liquid manure integrated control system is used for Relay and high-pressure pump are controlled, the high-pressure pump is connected with fertilizer and provides device, and the master control system condition module is used for institute The data of sensor module are stated compared with preset standard value, then according to the actual situation, automatically adjust motor speed, into Row is irrigated;The software section is used for comprehensive detection management field device, realizes long-range detection control.
The motor automatically adjusts motor speed by frequency converter, and the frequency converter is according to actual signal condition The revolving speed of motor is automatically adjusted, the motor is set with 3 kinds of high speed, middling speed, low speed rotation speed states.
The working principle of the utility model embodiment is that when automatic water-saving irrigation system works, sensor is collected Signal is converted by A/D, converts digital signal for the voltage analog signal of standard, is input to master control system condition module, warp After crossing data processing, host computer is uploaded to by communication module or control centre is shown, handled and stored, system is according to reality When acquire and the data received are compared judgement with the setting value of system, signal is transmitted to frequency converter, frequency converter is according to specific Signal value, the corresponding revolving speed for adjusting motor, motor drives water pump to draw water from water source, and when needing to irrigate, solenoid valve is just It can be opened according to the instruction that control centre assigns, at the end of irrigation, solenoid valve is just closed according to the instruction that control centre assigns. (electrically operated valve or multipoint electric valve/same of some point in pump house control centre, can also be opened on control cabinet manually Shi Qidong motor and water pump).
Enough pressure cannot be supplied to by supplying water in order to avoid the place remote from water source, in main water supply pipe or branch pipe(tube) Pressure sensor is installed, guarantees that the hydraulic pressure of pipeline meets the sprinkling irrigation range of setting, avoids occurring because hydraulic pressure is insufficient, sprinkler pattern range subtracts Small phenomenon wastes electricity, pipeline burst otherwise water is excessive.
Liquid manure control all-in-one machine is the independent linkage equipment in intelligent irrigation control system, can open controller, time control Pass, A.C. contactor and controller switching equipment are mounted in a cabinet, and by the high-pressure pump of Pipe installing, liquid fertilizer is filled main confession In waterpipe.
Programmable controller: it is responsible for issuing and receives various operation program instructions, be the maincenter part of entire control system.
Sensor: acquiring the moisture signal and temperature signal in soil by sensor, judges whether to need irrigation, soil Whether nutrient opens fertilizing equipment.
Frequency converter: the rotational speed regulation by changing motor irrigates flow, achievees the purpose that water-saving.
Communication module: the information that sensor receives is reached into master control system by communication system to carry out at control Reason.
Master control system condition module: analyzing Wireless/wired data information, to control electrically operated valve and motor Water pump.
Motor, water pump: driving water pump by motor, draw water from water source, and certain pressure is provided for irrigation system.
Pressure sensor: real-time detection fills network pressure power, feeds back to processor processing, keeps water supply network constant pressure.
Electronic flowmeter: real-time detection irrigation water capacity information.
Electrically operated valve: it controls whether to carry out opening/closing irrigation demand.
For software section -- software as the bound fraction important with hardware, importance is self-evident, and software may be implemented It is corresponding to require required function.The signal of acquisition is sent to programmable controller by sensor, after data processing, by logical News system be uploaded to master control system center shown, handled and stored (can collected data have environment temperature, environmental wet Degree, soil moisture content, ductwork pressure, total water consumption etc.).System is set according to the data and system for acquiring and receiving in real time Definite value is compared judgement, to control the unlatching and the length of perdurabgility, Contrast tuned imaging of solenoid valve.
For the intelligence control system for realizing irrigation system, irrigation system must have major function:
Data acquisition function: the analog quantity of acceptable sensor acquisition is converted to digital signal by A/D.
Communication function: system is uploaded data and down-transmitting data and is transmitted using Internet of Things.Upload data include: air themperature, Humidity;The soil moisture, humidity;The information such as the working condition of solenoid valve and various controllers;Down-transmitting data includes: central computer Various control instructions, the switch order including solenoid valve are issued to each control unit.
Control function: automatic control function -- master control system by the signal detected sensor by program with it is presetting Standard signal value range compare, then according to the actual situation, automatically adjust motor speed, irrigated.
Time control function: system visiting team's motor-driven valve sets open and close time, when the signal value of irrigation reaches the humidity of setting When value, electric water pump is automatically stopped irrigation.
Speed changing function: speed changing function is mainly adjusted the speed by frequency converter, and frequency converter is adjusted automatically according to actual signal condition The revolving speed for motivation of economizing on electricity, motor are set with 3 kinds of high speed, middling speed, low speed rotation speed states.
Platform courses software is software platform management control software, and detection management field device that can be comprehensive is realized Long-range detection control.
The utility model is had the advantages that 1, will be given full play to now by Internet of Things intelligent irrigation total management system Some water-saving device effects, Optimized Operation are improved benefit.2, it by the application of automatic control technology, more saves water and energy, reduces The cost of irrigation.3, total system carries out data communication, stability and strong real-time using Ethernet.4, data-handling capacity By force, fast response time.5, system maintenance ability is strong, mitigates burden for users.6, evolution formula system designs, and software and hardware is scalable. 7, real-time display irrigates regimen, lock position, water level information.8, telemetry system monitoring of tools management function is realized.9, by modern logical News means send to relevant unit and irrigate data information.
In the description of the present invention, it should be understood that the noun of locality such as " front, rear, top, and bottom, left and right ", " laterally, Vertically, vertically, it is horizontal " and " pushing up, bottom " etc. indicated by orientation or positional relationship be normally based on orientation or position shown in the drawings Relationship is set, is merely for convenience of describing the present invention and simplifying the description, in the absence of explanation to the contrary, these nouns of locality Do not indicate that and imply that signified device or element must have a particular orientation or be constructed and operated in a specific orientation, because This should not be understood as the limitation to scope of protection of the utility model;The noun of locality " inside and outside " refers to the wheel relative to each component itself Wide is inside and outside.
For ease of description, spatially relative term can be used herein, as " ... on ", " ... top ", " ... upper surface ", " above " etc., for describing such as a device shown in the figure or feature and other devices or spy The spatial relation of sign.It should be understood that spatially relative term is intended to comprising the orientation in addition to device described in figure Except different direction in use or operation.For example, being described as if the device in attached drawing is squeezed " in other devices It will be positioned as " under other devices or construction after part or construction top " or the device of " on other devices or construction " Side " or " under other devices or construction ".Thus, exemplary term " ... top " may include " ... top " and " in ... lower section " two kinds of orientation.The device can also be positioned with other different modes and (is rotated by 90 ° or in other orientation), and And respective explanations are made to the opposite description in space used herein above.
In addition, it should be noted that, limiting components using the words such as " first ", " second ", it is only for be convenient for Corresponding components are distinguished, do not have Stated otherwise such as, there is no particular meanings for above-mentioned word, therefore should not be understood as to this The limitation of utility model protection range.
In addition, above-mentioned the embodiment of the present application serial number is for illustration only, do not represent the advantages or disadvantages of the embodiments.In the upper of the application It states in embodiment, all emphasizes particularly on different fields to the description of each embodiment, there is no the part being described in detail in some embodiment, may refer to it The associated description of his embodiment.
The above is only the preferred embodiments of the utility model, are not intended to limit the utility model, for this field Technical staff for, various modifications and changes may be made to the present invention.Within the spirit and principle of the utility model, Any modification, equivalent replacement, improvement and so on should be included within the scope of protection of this utility model.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of Internet of Things intelligent irrigation total management system, it is characterised in that: including hardware components, the hardware components include Be connected electrically in programmable controller on master control system condition module, sensor module, wireless data transmission module, ethernet module, Multicircuit relay output control module, liquid manure integrated control system, the programmable controller are used for according to the master control system The control instruction of condition module controls the movement of the multicircuit relay output control module, liquid manure integrated control system, described Sensor module is used to provide the temperature humidity in soil to the master control system condition module and fills online pressure data, institute Wireless data transmission module is stated for the data of the sensor module to be reached the master control system condition module, the Ethernet mould Block is used to for the master control system condition module being electrically connected to Internet of Things cloud platform, and the multicircuit relay output control module is used In the motor, the water pump that control multiple branches, the liquid manure integrated control system is for controlling relay and high-pressure pump, the height Press pump be connected with fertilizer provide device, the master control system condition module be used for by the data of the sensor module with it is preset Standard value compares, and then according to the actual situation, automatically adjusts motor speed, is irrigated.
2. a kind of Internet of Things intelligent irrigation total management system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the motor Motor speed is automatically adjusted by frequency converter, the frequency converter automatically adjusts turning for motor according to actual signal condition Speed, the motor are set with 3 kinds of high speed, middling speed, low speed rotation speed states.
3. a kind of Internet of Things intelligent irrigation total management system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: in the system Data and down-transmitting data being passed using Internet of Things transmission, the upload data include: air themperature, humidity, the soil moisture, humidity, The working condition of each control unit;The down-transmitting data, which includes: master control system condition module, issues various controls to each control unit System instruction.
4. a kind of Internet of Things intelligent irrigation total management system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the system is also Including electronic flowmeter, the flowmeter is used for real-time detection irrigation water capacity information.
5. a kind of Internet of Things intelligent irrigation total management system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the multiple branch Road end is connected with drip irrigation zone or spray head.
6. a kind of Internet of Things intelligent irrigation total management system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the liquid manure one Body control system is the independent linkage equipment in the system, and controller, time switch, A.C. contactor and distribution are set It is standby to be mounted in a cabinet, by the high-pressure pump of Pipe installing, provides the fertilizer to the liquid fertilizer in device and fill main water supply In pipeline.
7. a kind of Internet of Things intelligent irrigation total management system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the Ethernet Module includes internet, GPRS, 3G or 4G access system, for realizing Internet of Things cloud platform and monitoring center, mobile phone, PAD it Between interconnect.
8. a kind of Internet of Things intelligent irrigation total management system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the system is also Including solar electric power supply system.
9. a kind of Internet of Things intelligent irrigation total management system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the system is also Including LCD display, for showing each data.
10. a kind of Internet of Things intelligent irrigation total management system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the system It further include timing control module, the timing control module sets open and close time to motor-driven valve, sets when the signal value of irrigation reaches When fixed humidity value, electric water pump is automatically stopped irrigation.
CN201821110240.7U 2018-07-13 2018-07-13 A kind of Internet of Things intelligent irrigation total management system Active CN208490497U (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111328685A (en) * 2019-10-15 2020-06-26 大连民族大学 Internet of things multi-mode agricultural irrigation method based on soil information acquisition
CN113985788A (en) * 2021-11-02 2022-01-28 山东省水利科学研究院 Automatic metering water supply controller

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111328685A (en) * 2019-10-15 2020-06-26 大连民族大学 Internet of things multi-mode agricultural irrigation method based on soil information acquisition
CN111328685B (en) * 2019-10-15 2021-09-24 大连民族大学 Internet of things multi-mode agricultural irrigation method based on soil information acquisition
CN113985788A (en) * 2021-11-02 2022-01-28 山东省水利科学研究院 Automatic metering water supply controller

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