CN208389773U - A kind of condensing type heating stove wet-desulfurizing dust remover - Google Patents

A kind of condensing type heating stove wet-desulfurizing dust remover Download PDF

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Publication number
CN208389773U
CN208389773U CN201820839912.1U CN201820839912U CN208389773U CN 208389773 U CN208389773 U CN 208389773U CN 201820839912 U CN201820839912 U CN 201820839912U CN 208389773 U CN208389773 U CN 208389773U
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heating stove
type heating
spray equipment
condensing type
water tank
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CN201820839912.1U
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李江民
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Hebei Shengmiao Safety Technology Engineering Co.,Ltd.
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李江民
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a kind of condensing type heating stove wet-desulfurizing dust removers.Condensing type heating stove wet-desulfurizing dust remover includes going out the water tank of the lower section setting of smoke box in condensing type heating stove, strainer is provided in water tank, water tank is connect with smoke box out, water tank liquid outlet is connect with pumping installations, the liquid outlet of pumping installations is connected with liquid outlet, liquid outlet is connect with spray equipment, and spray equipment includes the level-one spray equipment being set in condensing type heating stove smokejack and is set to condensing and adopts second level spray equipment in furnace chimney.Level-one spray equipment is the atomizer being set to out above flue inside smoke splitter cavity, and second level spray equipment is several atomizers arranged along the setting direction height of chimney.When using the utility model, lye is held in water tank, and desulfurization and dedusting is carried out to the high hot fume and low-heat flue gas of condensing type heating stove by level-one spray equipment and second level spray equipment.The utility model desulfurization and dedusting effect is obvious.

Description

A kind of condensing type heating stove wet-desulfurizing dust remover
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of desulfurating dust-removing equipment, specifically a kind of condensing type heating stove wet method sulphur removing and dust removing Device.
Background technique
Currently, fire coal occupies sizable specific gravity in fuel consumption field, especially northeast and the consumption of the Northwest's fire coal is outstanding To be serious, main consumption ways are then the Boiler heatings in winter.The produced pollution is extremely serious in coal-fired process, China The pollutant that fuel combustion generates in atmosphere pollution accounts for about the 70% of all contaminants quantity, therefore fuel combustion is energy consumption It is high, utilization rate is low, low-altitude discharged combustion system.Although city implements central heating on a large scale, coal furnace is used The family of tool is greatly decreased, but in vast rural area, it is to cause rural area that the heating mode of single household, which still occupies leading position, With the pollution sources of nearby urban air pollution.
Chinese patent CN105091338A, Chinese patent CN105091035A and Chinese patent CN105091033A are disclosed Condensing molded coal heating stove have vertical, horizontal two kinds of structures.Condensing molded coal heating stove belongs to moulded coal Pollutioless stove and range, with cleaning Moulded coal, anthracite block coal, blue carbon are fuel, but Filter Tuber For Clean Coal is not belonging to cleaning fuel of heat supply, and there are also a large amount of carbon blacks in coal-fired flue-gas Grain, sulfide, nitrogen oxides pollution atmosphere.On May 16th, 2014 Environmental Protection Department, State Administration for Quality Supervision and Inspection and Quarantine hair National Standard of the People's Republic of China's GB13271---2014 emission standard of air pollutants for boilers of cloth provides coal-burning boiler Grain object≤every cubic metre of 80mg, sulfur dioxide≤every cubic metre of 550mg, nitrogen oxides≤every cubic metre of 400mg.Condensing moulded coal The standard is also not achieved without desulphurization plant, discharge in heating stove stove itself.It is de- in addition to power plants generating electricity boiler has in China Outside sulphur, dedusting function, in domestic stove field, desulfurization, dedusting technology are also a blank.
And the technique and equipment of power plant and Industrial Boiler wet desulphurization, dedusting, problem are higher cost first, in addition at Except this height, the reason of exhaust gas temperature, also restricts the effect of desulfurization, dedusting, from power plant desulfurization, the principle analysis of dedusting, power plant Tail gas exhaust gas temperature be 135 ° of c, the deduster of power plant must be designed with spraying cooling cyclone first, cool down to flue gas Processing, treated, and flue gas can be only achieved desulfurization fume temperature condition.Its high cost and suitable for certain temperature range, restricts The application of the technique and equipment on common stove and condensing molded coal heating stove.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is just to provide a kind of condensing type heating stove wet-desulfurizing dust remover, existing cold to solve Solidifying formula heating stove discharges problem not up to standard.
The utility model is realized in this way: a kind of condensing type heating stove wet-desulfurizing dust remover, including storage alkalinity The water tank for the treatment of fluid, the pumping installations for conveying alkaline processing liquid and the spray equipment for spraying alkaline processing liquid;The water tank is logical It crosses and is connected with the smoke box that goes out of condensing type heating stove communicating pipe;The spray equipment includes the smoke evacuation for being set to condensing type heating stove It level-one spray equipment in road and is set to condensing and adopts second level spray equipment in furnace chimney;The level-one spray equipment The top of the flue gas shunting chamber in smokejack is arranged in atomizer, and the liquid supply pipe of the level-one spray equipment is pierced by condensing and adopts The furnace body of radiator is connected with the liquid outlet for connecting pumping installations;The second level spray equipment includes at least three atomizations Spray head, the atomizer are arranged along the setting direction height of chimney, and the liquid supply pipe of each atomizer is connected with liquid outlet It is logical.
The level-one spray equipment is used to purified treatment liquid spray entering flue gas through smokejack into condensing type heating stove The high hot fume of splitter cavity carries out the gas cleaning processing based on dedusting;Treatment fluid after purified treatment is through flue gas shunting chamber The lower layer that connection case into the upper layer condenser pipe of condensing type heating stove, then through condensing type heating stove enters condensing type heating stove is cold Solidifying pipe, carrying the treatment fluid of soot dust granule object secretly, most the smoke box that goes out through being connected with lower layer condenser pipe flows back into water tank afterwards.
The second level spray equipment is used to alkaline processing liquid spray entering chimney through going out smoke box into condensing type heating stove Low-heat flue gas, carry out multi-stage spray purified treatment based on desulfurization;Treatment fluid after purified treatment is directly returned through going out smoke box It flows in water tank, the flue gas after purified treatment is discharged by chimney.
It is provided with strainer, in water tank to filter out the soot dust granule object flowed back into the treatment fluid in water tank.
Lye export and sewage draining exit are offered on the cabinet of water tank, is respectively connect in the lye export and the sewage draining exit There is valve switch.
Published condensing type heating stove uses advanced condensing heat exchanger technology, carries out to boiler chimney tail vapour cold Solidifying heat exchange, make to escape flue-gas temperature be reduced to 70 ° hereinafter, and the flue gas optimum temperature of wet desulphurization at 60 ° or so.Namely Say that the temperature of flue gas in the chimney of condensing shell heating stove is very suitable to wet desulfurization flue gas temperature environment, there are also condensings to adopt The flue of radiator belongs to fire tube latent heat flue, and there is best latent heat flue-gas temperature environment and desulfurization chemicals in latent heat flue Conversion process condition.Best latent heat flue gas desulfurization temperature environment and optimal latent heat desulfurization chemicals conversion condition are civilian Desulfurization of the heating stove in latent heat flue, dust removal design provide condition.
The utility model devises condensing type heating stove wet desulphurization on the basis of disclosed condensing type heating stove technology Dust-extraction unit and method.The setting of level-one spray equipment can make purified treatment fluid flow through upper layer condenser pipe and lower layer's condensation Pipe, and can be flowed directly out with entrained dirt, often condenser pipe is manually removed so as to avoid condensing type heating stove needs The troublesome operation of ash, greatly facilitates the routine use of condensing type heating stove.Second level spray equipment takes off low-temperature flue gas Sulphuring treatment has more preferably treatment effect compared with the desulfurization to high-temperature flue gas.Flue gas emission natural gas after desulfurization and dedusting Change, or is better than natural gas discharge standard.Through Guo Huan institute of the Hebei Provincial Technical Supervision Bureau special Household instrument actual point in national inspection centers Fire detection the data obtained, installs the condensing type heating stove of the utility model, every cubic metre of particulate matter 15mg, sulfur dioxide in flue gas Every cubic metre of 50mg, every cubic metre of nitrogen oxides 55mg.The numerical value is significantly less than on May 16th, 2014 Environmental Protection Department, country National Standard of the People's Republic of China's GB13271---2014 boiler atmosphere pollution of quality supervision and test quarantine general bureau publication Every cubic metre of particulate matter 80mg, every cubic metre of sulfur dioxide 550mg, every cube of the nitrogen oxides 400mg of discharge standard defined The standard of rice.
The technology of the utility model has filled up the blank of national civil desulfurization, dedusting technology field, solve due to Pollution problem caused by civil.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is that the utility model uses the structural schematic diagram on horizontal condensing type heating stove.
Fig. 2 is that the utility model uses the structural schematic diagram on vertical condensation formula heating stove.
In figure: 1, water tank, 2, pumping installations, 3, triple valve, 4, level-one spray equipment, 5, second level spray equipment, 6, spray Device, 7, bucket, 8, solenoid valve, 9, liquid outlet, 10, strainer, 11, lye export, 12, sewage draining exit, 13, smokejack, 14, cigarette Chimney, 15, fluid infusion, 16, go out smoke box, 17, flue gas shunting chamber, 18, horizontal condensing type heating stove, 19, vertical condensation formula heating stove, 20, upper layer condenser pipe, 21, lower layer's condenser pipe.
Specific embodiment
As shown in Figure 1 and 2, the condensing type heating stove wet-desulfurizing dust remover of the utility model includes water tank 1, pumping dress Set the communicating pipe of 2, triple valve 3, spray equipment 6 and each component of connection.It is arranged in the lower section for going out smoke box 16 of condensing type heating stove The water tank 1 of alkaline processing liquid is held, and is connected with smoke box 16 will be gone out communicating pipe with water tank 1, water tank 1 is PVC or other are acidproof Made of alkali plastics, the bottom at 1 both ends of water tank is respectively equipped with a valve switch, and valve switch is resistance to stainless steel or copper etc. Made of the material of alkalinity, the valve switch of side is lye export 11, and the valve switch of the other side is sewage draining exit 12, and lye goes out Mouth 11 is connect by pipeline with the arrival end of pumping installations 2, and sewage draining exit 12 is used to clear up the impurity deposited in water tank, prevents impurity Influence the normal work of pumping installations 2 and spray equipment 6.Strainer 10 is placed in water tank 1, strainer 10 is used to filter out recycling Soot dust granule object in purified treatment liquid prevents treatment fluid from blocking the atomizer of spray equipment 6 during circulated sprinkling, Filter screen 10 can remove replacement or cleaning.
Pumping installations 2 can be common axial-flow pump or other applicable water pumps, for be suitble to alkaline processing liquid extraction, The pump housing and blade be all copper or other resistant materials made of.Pump pumping installations 2 is connected with power supply, for alkaline processing liquid Offer power is provided, the connecting line between the inlet of pumping installations 2 and the lye export 11 of water tank 1, pumping dress The liquid outlet for setting 2 is equipped with copper triple valve 3, and the inlet A of triple valve 3 is connected to the liquid outlet of pumping installations 2, triple valve 3 there are two liquid outlet B and C, and C liquid outlet therein passes through liquid outlet 9 and is connected with spray equipment 6, and the AB connection of triple valve 3 can Liquid in water tank 1 is discharged, the AC of triple valve 3, which is connected, to supply spray equipment for liquid in water tank 1.
Spray equipment 6 includes level-one spray equipment 4 and second level spray equipment 5.
Level-one spray equipment 4 is set in the smokejack 13 of vertical condensation formula heating stove 19 or horizontal condensing type heating stove 18 Flue gas shunting chamber 16 top, the atomizer being specifically as follows under a spray head in vertical condensation formula heating stove 19, It is specifically as follows two in horizontal condensing type heating stove 18 side by side and spray head is downward or in splay atomizer.
Second level spray equipment 5 is set in the chimney 14 of vertical condensation formula heating stove 19 or horizontal condensing type heating stove 18, Second level spray equipment 5 includes at least three atomizers, and atomizer is arranged along the setting direction height of chimney 14, second level spray The atomizer of shower device is arranged on the center line in chimney, and nozzle is downward.
The liquid supply pipe of level-one spray equipment 4 is pierced by the furnace body of condensing type heating stove, is connected with liquid outlet 9.Second level spray The liquid supply pipe of each atomizer in shower device 5 is pierced by chimney, is connected with liquid outlet 9.Atomizer can be selected it is copper or Spiral nozzle made of other alkali-resistant materials.
It is provided with fluid infusion 14 on water tank 1, water tank 1 is provided with bucket 7, bucket 7 and fluid infusion 14 pass through pipeline Solenoid valve 8 is installed in connection on connecting line, by the opening and closing of solenoid valve 8, controls 7 timing of bucket or sporadically to water tank 1 Supplement alkaline processing liquid.Switch is additionally provided with to control pumping installations 2 and solenoid valve 8.The pipeline for connecting each component can be with It is PVC hose or other tubing made of alkali-resistant material.
When using the utility model, alkaline processing liquid is housed in water tank 1 and bucket 7, the alkaline processing liquid is in this implementation It is sodium hydroxide liquid in example, the pH value of alkaline processing liquid is 11 or so, and the AC of triple valve 3 is terminated and is led to, pumping installations 2 is started By the alkaline processing liquid extraction in water tank 1.Alkaline processing liquid supplies spray equipment 6 by the end AC of triple valve 3, is sprayed by the first order The atomization of the atomizer of shower device 4 and second level spray equipment 5 sprays.First order spray equipment 4 is located at condensing type heating stove In flue 13, flue 13 should be gone out and belong to latent heat flue, the alkaline processing liquid sprayed by level-one spray equipment 4 to gone out flue 13 into Enter purified treatment of the high hot fume progress of flue gas shunting chamber 17 based on dedusting, purified treatment fluid is first through flue gas shunting chamber 17 enter the upper layer condenser pipe 20 of condensing type heating stove, then the connection case through condensing type heating stove enters under condensing type heating stove Layer condenser pipe 21, carrying the treatment fluid of soot dust granule object secretly, most the smoke box 16 that goes out through being connected with lower layer condenser pipe 21 flows to outside furnace afterwards Water tank 1 in;Second level spray equipment 5 is located in the chimney 14 of condensing type heating stove, since condensing type heating stove uses first Into condensing heat exchanger technology, so that the temperature of flue gas in chimney 14 is reduced to 70 ° hereinafter, and the flue gas of wet desulphurization is most preferably warm Degree temperature of flue gas in 60 ° or so, chimney 14 is very suitable to wet desulfurization flue gas temperature environment, is sprayed by second level spray equipment 5 Alkaline processing liquid out carries out at the multi-stage spray purification based on desulfurization the low-heat flue gas for entering chimney 14 through going out smoke box 16 It manages, the treatment fluid after purified treatment flows directly in the water tank 1 outside furnace through going out smoke box 16, and the flue gas after purified treatment passes through chimney 14 discharges.Flue gas is sprayed, desulfurization, dedusting while, start and electromagnetic valve for adjusting 8 make the bucket equipped with alkaline processing liquid 7 add alkaline processing liquid to water tank 1 automatically.When stopping spray, solenoid valve 8 is closed, and bucket 7 stops addition alkaline processing liquid.It is logical Automatic addition alkaline processing liquid is crossed, the pH value of alkaline processing liquid in water tank 1 is maintained within a certain range.Use a period of time What alkaline processing liquid can become afterwards is sticky, and the AB of triple valve 3 is terminated and is led to, and opens pumping installations 2 and is retracted to alkaline processing liquid specially In container, calcium hydroxide pulvis, which is added, makes alkaline processing liquid reducing/regenerating, generates gypsum and sodium hydroxide solution, is filtering Addition sodium hydroxide makes liquid pH value 11 or so in the liquid obtained afterwards, realizes the recycling of alkaline processing liquid.Work as water When impurities accumulation interferes the normal use of device to a certain extent on strainer 10 in 1 entrance of case, after strainer 10 is taken out cleaning The strainer 10 put back to or more renewed.After there is impurity in water tank 1, the alkaline processing liquid in water tank 1 is extracted out, then from fluid infusion Mouth 15 adds clear water and flushes out impurity from sewage draining exit 12.
The data obtained is detected through Hebei Provincial Technical Supervision Bureau Guo Huan institute national inspection centers instrument actual ignition, installation makes With the condensing type heating stove of the utility model, every cubic metre of particulate matter 15mg, every cubic metre of sulfur dioxide 50mg, nitrogen oxygen in flue gas Every cubic metre of compound 55mg.The numerical value is significantly less than Environmental Protection Department on May 16th, 2014, the quarantine of national quality supervision and inspection always Of National Standard of the People's Republic of China's GB13271---2014 emission standard of air pollutants for boilers defined of office's publication The standard of every cubic metre of grain object 80mg, every cubic metre of sulfur dioxide 550mg, every cubic metre of nitrogen oxides 400mg.
The utility model carries out high-temperature flue gas desulfurization and dedusting and low-temperature flue gas desulfurization and dedusting two to the flue gas that heating stove generates Secondary desulfurization and dedusting processing.Level-one spray equipment 4 makes purified treatment fluid flow through upper layer condenser pipe 20 and lower layer's condenser pipe 21, folder Band dust flows directly out, and needs often to carry out condenser pipe the troublesome operation of artificial ash disposal so as to avoid condensing type heating stove, Greatly facilitate the routine use of condensing type heating stove.Second level spray equipment 5 carries out desulfurization process to low-temperature flue gas, compared with right The desulfurization of high-temperature flue gas has more preferably treatment effect, so that the pollutant load in flue gas is significantly less than standard, solves The pollution problem of civil heating stove, and recycling for lye is realized, the byproduct of generation is also the gypsum that can be used, It is very environmentally friendly.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of condensing type heating stove wet-desulfurizing dust remover, characterized in that water tank, conveying including storing alkaline processing liquid The pumping installations of alkaline processing liquid and the spray equipment for spraying alkaline processing liquid;The water tank is adopted by communicating pipe and condensing The smoke box that goes out of radiator is connected;The spray equipment includes the level-one spray equipment being set in the smokejack of condensing type heating stove And it is set to condensing and adopts second level spray equipment in furnace chimney;The atomizer setting of the level-one spray equipment is being discharged fume The liquid supply pipe of the top of flue gas shunting chamber in road, the level-one spray equipment is pierced by the furnace body of condensing type heating stove, with connection The liquid outlet of pumping installations is connected;The second level spray equipment includes at least three atomizers, the atomizer Setting direction height along chimney is arranged, and the liquid supply pipe of each atomizer is connected with liquid outlet.
2. condensing type heating stove wet-desulfurizing dust remover according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the level-one spray Device is used into condensing type heating stove enter purified treatment liquid spray through smokejack the high hot fume of flue gas shunting chamber, carries out Gas cleaning processing based on dedusting;Treatment fluid after purified treatment enters the upper layer of condensing type heating stove through flue gas shunting chamber Condenser pipe, then the connection case through condensing type heating stove enter lower layer's condenser pipe of condensing type heating stove, entrainment soot dust granule object Most the smoke box that goes out through being connected with lower layer condenser pipe flows back into water tank treatment fluid afterwards.
3. condensing type heating stove desulfation dust-extraction device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the second level spray equipment For alkaline processing liquid spray to be entered into condensing type heating stove through going out smoke box to the low-heat flue gas of chimney, carry out based on desulfurization Multi-stage spray purified treatment;Treatment fluid after purified treatment is passed straight back in water tank through going out smoke box, the cigarette after purified treatment Gas is discharged by chimney.
4. condensing type heating stove desulfation dust-extraction device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: be provided with filter in water tank Net, to filter out the soot dust granule object flowed back into the treatment fluid in water tank.
5. condensing type heating stove desulfation dust-extraction device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: opened on the cabinet of water tank Equipped with lye export and sewage draining exit, valve switch is respectively connected in the lye export and the sewage draining exit.
CN201820839912.1U 2018-06-01 2018-06-01 A kind of condensing type heating stove wet-desulfurizing dust remover Active CN208389773U (en)

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CN201820839912.1U CN208389773U (en) 2018-06-01 2018-06-01 A kind of condensing type heating stove wet-desulfurizing dust remover

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820839912.1U CN208389773U (en) 2018-06-01 2018-06-01 A kind of condensing type heating stove wet-desulfurizing dust remover

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GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20200529

Address after: 050000 No.71 Huitong Road, Yuhua District, Shijiazhuang City, Hebei Province

Patentee after: Hebei Shengmiao Safety Technology Engineering Co.,Ltd.

Address before: 050000 33 km street, Xinhua District, Shijiazhuang, Hebei

Patentee before: Li Jiangmin

TR01 Transfer of patent right