CN208364707U - Three clutch hybrid gearboxes - Google Patents

Three clutch hybrid gearboxes Download PDF

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Publication number
CN208364707U
CN208364707U CN201820954975.1U CN201820954975U CN208364707U CN 208364707 U CN208364707 U CN 208364707U CN 201820954975 U CN201820954975 U CN 201820954975U CN 208364707 U CN208364707 U CN 208364707U
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axis
output
grades
gear
gears
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祝林
付军
邱志凌
苟世全
罗大国
林霄喆
王瑞平
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Zhejiang Geely Holding Group Co Ltd
Ningbo Shangzhongxia Automatic Transmission Co Ltd
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Zhejiang Geely Holding Group Co Ltd
Ningbo Shangzhongxia Automatic Transmission Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of three clutch hybrid gearboxes, the three clutches hybrid gearbox include: the driving gear of 5 gears, 5 gears driven gear, main subtract gear, synchronizer, first clutch, second clutch, third clutch, engine, motor, halting mechanism, differential mechanism, one axis of input, two axis of two axis of input, one axis of output and output;One axis of the output and two axis of the output are equipped with a bearing close to one end of motor, the driven gear interlaced arrangement on two axis of one axis of the output and the output, and the driving gear on the input shaft is corresponded with the driven gear on the output shaft to be engaged;The master subtracts gear and the rear of the bearing is arranged in closer on the output shaft of motor;The utility model transmission efficiency is higher, super low energy consumption, and manufacturing cost is low, takes into account and mixes weak mixed electric system by force and adapt to A grade to C grades vehicles carrying requirements.

Description

Three clutch hybrid gearboxes
Technical field
The utility model relates to automotive transmission technical field, in particular to a kind of three clutch hybrid gearboxes.
Background technique
A kind of vehicle using multiple kinds of energy source of mixed power electric car formula, usually uses the routine of liquid fuel Engine (ICE) and the motor drive vehicle for using electric energy.Hybrid vehicle can be run under multiple drive modes, however Limited battery capacity relies primarily on engine combustion and provides power.
Hybrid architecture at this stage is mostly taken P2 to mix dynamic model formula i.e. motor and is placed on the input shaft of speed changer. Its technical solution are as follows: C1 clutch, C2 clutch are separately connected engine, and two axis empty sets of input are on inputting an axis, motor It is connect by electric-motor drive shaft assembly with four or six grades of driving gears.The hybrid power system can execute engine and individually drive Dynamic, motor be operated alone 2/4/6/R grade, engine and motor at the same drive 2/4/6/R grades, motor brake charges etc. and to grasp Operation mode.The mixed dynamic transmission system is based primarily upon the double-clutch speed changer technology and motor control technologies of current maturation, leads to Crossing transformation gear can make drive motor and engine long-term work in high efficient district, improve work efficiency, and it is dynamic to increase vehicle Power improves VE Vehicle Economy, maintains the driving pleasure of conventional truck, but the hybrid dynamic system researches and develops manufacturing cost It is high, motor cannot charge the battery when technical difficulty is big, quality causes to carry inconvenient and engine driving greatly with, volume greatly The disadvantages of.
Utility model content
The technical issues of the utility model solves is, provides a kind of three clutch hybrid gearboxes, is able to achieve institute There is transmission gear that can operate mixed dynamic model formula, allows motor to charge a battery function when realizing engine driving, and simplify Gears structure saves arrangement space.
It is that it is realized by adopting the following technical scheme that the utility model, which solves its technical problem:
A kind of three clutch hybrid gearboxes include: driving gear, driven gear, it is main subtract gear, synchronizer, first from Clutch, second clutch, third clutch, engine, motor, halting mechanism, input shaft and output shaft;The driving gear It include: 1 grade of driving gear, 2 grades of driving gears, 3 grades of driving gears, 4 grades of driving gears and 5 grades of driving gears, the driven tooth Wheel includes: 1 grade of driven gear, 2 grades of driven gears, 3 grades of driven gears, 4 grades of driven gears and 5 grades of driven gears;The synchronization Device includes the first synchronizer, the second synchronizer and third synchronizer;The input shaft includes two axis of one axis of input and input, described The driving gear on an axis including three gears is inputted, includes the driving gear of two gears on two axis of the input;It is described defeated Shaft includes two axis of one axis of output and output, includes the driven gear of two gears, two axis of the output on one axis of the output The upper driven gear including three gears, driven gear and the driven gear on two axis of the output of one axis of the output interlock It arranges, the driving gear on the input shaft is engaged with the driven gear one-to-one correspondence on the output shaft;One axis of the output It is respectively provided with a bearing close to the side of the motor with two axis of the output, the master subtracts gear and is arranged after the bearing Close to one end of the motor;The synchronizer is for connecting the driven gear and the output shaft to realize the biography of power It is dynamic;For the first clutch for connecting the motor and the engine, the second clutch is described defeated for connecting Enter an axis and the motor, the third clutch is for connecting two axis of the input and the motor.
Further, 1 grade of driving gear, 3 grades of driving gears and 5 grades of driving gears pass through spline/weldering Connect/integrated mode and one axis of the input is connected or structural integrity.
Further, 2 grades of driving gears and 4 grades of driving gears are by way of spline/welding/one and institute State input two axis be connected or structural integrity.
Further, 1 grade of driven gear and 4 grades of driven gears pass through roller cup in one axis of the output On, first synchronizer and one axis of the output are connected by spline.
Further, the three clutches hybrid gearbox further includes reverse gear and the 4th synchronizer;Described 1 grade from Through roller cup on one axis of the output, described first is same for moving gear, 4 grades of driven gears and the reverse gear Device and the 4th synchronizer and one axis of the output is walked to be connected by spline.
Further, 2 grades of driven gears, 3 grades of driven gears and 5 grades of driven gears pass through needle bearing It covers on two axis of the output, the third synchronizer and second synchronizer and two axis of the output are connected by spline.
Further, the three clutches hybrid gearbox further includes 6 grades of driven gears;2 grades of driven gears, institute 3 grades of driven gears, 5 grades of driven gears and 6 grades of driven gears are stated through roller cup on two axis of the output, The third synchronizer and second synchronizer and two axis of the output are connected by spline.
Further, the three clutches hybrid gearbox further includes differential mechanism;The halting mechanism is being integrated in It states differential mechanism or is arranged on two axis of one axis of the output or the output.
Further, the three clutches hybrid gearbox further includes idle pulley and idler shaft;The idle pulley and the difference Gear ring engagement on fast device, the idler shaft are connected with the idle pulley, and the halting mechanism and the idler shaft are connected.
Further, the three clutches hybrid gearbox realizes gear reversing function by motor reversion.
What the utility model reached by adopting the above technical scheme has the technical effect that moving speed changers using 5 fast mixing optimizes Transmission scheme inside speed changer, so that the dynamic property and economy of mixed dynamic speed changer accomplish dynamic 7 speed double-clutch more mixed than tradition It is more excellent, and structure, compared to more compact, weight is lighter, cost is lower, and transmission efficiency is higher, enables the engine in power bracket Super low energy consumption is realized in more accurate operation, and manufacturing cost is lower, takes into account to mix weak mixed electric system by force and adapt to A grade and arrives C Grade vehicle, which carries, to be required.
The above description is merely an outline of the technical solution of the present invention, in order to better understand the skill of the utility model Art means, and being implemented in accordance with the contents of the specification, and in order to allow the above and other purpose, feature of the utility model It can be more clearly understood with advantage, it is special below to lift preferred embodiment, and cooperate attached drawing, it is described in detail.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the system structure schematic diagram of three clutch hybrid powers of the utility model first embodiment.
Fig. 2 is the kinetic current schematic diagram of 3 grades of hybrid power drivings in the utility model first embodiment Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the power of 3 grades of the pure electric vehicle machine drivings or motor reversal reversing in the utility model first embodiment Fig. 1 Flow schematic diagram.
Fig. 4 is 3 grades of driving vehicles of engine while drive motor charging electric in the utility model first embodiment Fig. 1 Force flow schematic diagram.
Fig. 5 is 3 grades of kinetic current schematic diagrams of Brake energy recovery in the utility model first embodiment Fig. 1.
Fig. 6 is the system structure schematic diagram of three clutch hybrid powers of the utility model second embodiment.
Fig. 7 is the system structure schematic diagram of three clutch hybrid powers of the utility model 3rd embodiment.
Fig. 8 is the system structure schematic diagram of three clutch hybrid powers of the utility model fourth embodiment.
Fig. 9 is the system structure schematic diagram of three clutch hybrid powers of the 5th embodiment of the utility model.
Figure 10 is the system structure schematic diagram of three clutch hybrid powers of the utility model sixth embodiment.
Figure 11 is the system structure schematic diagram of three clutch hybrid powers of the 7th embodiment of the utility model.
Specific embodiment
Further to illustrate that the utility model is the technical means and efficacy reaching predetermined purpose of utility model and being taken, The embodiments of the present invention are described below in detail, examples of the embodiments are shown in the accompanying drawings, wherein identical from beginning to end Or similar label indicates same or similar element or element with the same or similar functions.Pass through specific embodiment Illustrate, when can be to the utility model reach the technical means and efficacy that predetermined purpose is taken be able to it is more deeply and specific Understand, however institute's accompanying drawings are only to provide reference and description is used, and are not used to limit the utility model.
Fig. 1 is the system structure schematic diagram of three clutch hybrid gearboxes of the utility model first embodiment.This implementation Example provide three clutch hybrid gearboxes can with but be not limited to device on automobile.As shown in Figure 1, three clutches mixing is dynamic Power speed changer includes: engine 1, first clutch 2, second clutch 3,4,2 grades of driving gears 5 of motor, one axis master of output Subtract gear 6,7,4 grades of driven gears 8 of halting mechanism, 9,1 grades of driven gears 10 of the first synchronizer, output one axis, 11,5 grades of driving tooths Wheel 12, input 13,1 grades of one axis, 14,3 grades of driving gear driving gear 15, output two axis, 16,5 grades of driven gears 17, second are synchronous 18,4 grades of device, 19,3 grades of driving gear driven gear 20,21,2 grades of driven gears 22 of third synchronizer, two axis masters of output subtract gear 24, two axis 25, third clutch 26 are inputted.
As shown in Figure 1, this hybrid power dedicated transmission arranges three clutch modules in the input terminal of speed changer.Specifically, In the present embodiment, three clutch modules are integrated by first clutch 2, second clutch 3, third clutch 26 and motor 4, First clutch 2 combines or interrupts the power transmission between engine 1 and motor 4, and second clutch 3 is to combine or interrupt change Fast device inputs the power transmission between an axis 13 and power source, and third clutch 26 is to combine or interrupt speed changer to input two axis 25 Power transmission between power source.
As shown in Figure 1, in the present embodiment, driving gear includes 1 grade of 14,2 grades of driving gear, 5,3 grades of driving gear master 15,4 grades of driving gear 19 and 5 grade driving gears 12 of moving gear.
Specifically, in the present embodiment, driven gear includes that 1 grade of 10,2 grades of driven gear, 22,3 grades of driven gear is driven 20,4 grades of driven gear 8 and 5 grade driven gears 17 of gear.
Specifically, in the present embodiment, synchronizer includes the first synchronizer 9, the second synchronizer 18 and third synchronizer 21。
Specifically, in the present embodiment, the power source of engine 1 and motor 4 as transmission system;Input two axis 25 Empty set on inputting an axis 13, one axis 13 of input and two axis 25 of input by 3/ third clutch 26/ first of second clutch from Clutch 2 is connect with 1/ motor 4 of engine.Specifically, two axis 25 of input are connect with third clutch 26, one axis 13 of input and the The connection of two clutches 3, second clutch 3 and third clutch 26 connect motor 4, and first clutch 2 connects engine 1 and electricity Motivation 4.
Specifically, in the present embodiment, 2 grades of driving gear 5 and 4 grade driving gears 19 pass through spline/welding/one Mode is connected with two axis 25 of input or structural integrity;1 grade of driving gear, 14,3 grades of driving gear 15 and 5 grade driving gears 12 pass through Spline/welding/one mode is connected with one axis 13 of input or structural integrity.
Specifically, in the present embodiment, driving gear (starts from left to right from one end far from engine 1 to close One end of machine 1) are as follows: 5 grades of 12-1 grade of driving gear, 14-3 grades of driving gear driving gears 15 on one axis 13 of input;Then again 4 grades of driving gears, 19-2 grades of driving gears 5 onto two axis 25 of input.
Specifically, in the present embodiment, 1 grade of driven gear 10 is by roller cup on exporting an axis 11;2 grades from Moving gear 22 is by roller cup on exporting two axis 16;3 grades of driven gear 20 and 5 grade driven gears 17 pass through needle bearing It covers and is exporting two axis 16;4 grades of driven gears 8 are exporting an axis 11 by roller cup.
Specifically, in the present embodiment, export an axis 11 on driven gear from left to right are as follows: 1 grade of driven gear 10 To 4 grades of driven gears 8;Export driven gear on two axis 16 from left to right are as follows: 5 grades of driven gears, 17 to 3 grades of driven gears 20 To 2 grades of driven gears 22.
Specifically, in the present embodiment, 1 grade of driving gear 14 and 1 grade driven gear 10 often engages;2 grades of driving gears 5 It is often engaged with 2 grades of driven gears 22;3 grades of driving gear 15 and 3 grade driven gears 20 often engage;4 grades of driving gears 19 and 4 grade from Moving gear 8 often engages;5 grades of driving gear 12 and 5 grade driven gears 17 often engage.
Specifically, in the present embodiment, the driven gear interlaced arrangement on output shaft and the driving tooth on output shaft It takes turns and is engaged with the driven gear one-to-one correspondence on output shaft, optimize drive path, what promotion dynamic property and shift mode switched Ride comfort reduces a possibility that speed changer breaks down.
Specifically, in the present embodiment, the first synchronizer 9 is connected with one axis 11 of output by spline;Second synchronizer 18 are connected with two axis 16 of output by spline;Third synchronizer 21 and two axis 16 of output are connected by spline;Specifically, first is same Step device is mounted between 1 grade of driven gear 10 and 4 grade driven gear 8 to be connect with 1 grade of driven gear/4 grade driven gear, and second is same Step device is mounted between 5 grades of driven gear 17 and 3 grade driven gears 20 and connect with 3 grades of driven gear/5 grade driven gears, 2 grades from Moving gear is mounted between 2 grades of driven gears and 3 grades of driven gears and connect with 2 grades of driven gears.
Specifically, in the present embodiment, the master subtract gear include output one axis master subtract gear 6 and output two axis masters subtract Gear 24;The master subtracts after gear is placed on bearing 27 and is conducive to the rigidity for improving one axis 11 of output with exporting two axis 16.
Specifically, in the present embodiment, three clutch hybrid gearboxes further include differential mechanism 23, and differential mechanism 23 is placed At case of transmission bearing hole;It is integral structure that an axis final gear 6, which is exported, with one axis 11 of output, the tooth with differential mechanism 23 Circle often engagement, two axis final gear 24 of output and two axis 16 of output are integral structures, are often engaged with the gear ring of differential mechanism 23.It is defeated An axis and two axis of output are individually placed to one axis of output or export the right side of the bearing 27 on two axis (close to motor one on output shaft out The end of side).
Specifically, in the present embodiment, the ratchet of halting mechanism 7 is connected by spline and one axis 11 of output, is mounted on 4 Between shelves driven gear 8 and bearing 27, automobile realizes parking function by halting mechanism 7.
Specifically, in one embodiment, three clutch hybrid gearboxes have 5 kinds of operating modes: hybrid mode Drive vehicle, pure motor-powered vehicle, pure electric vehicle machine driving vehicle, motor-powered vehicle while drive motor to charge, Brake energy recovery.
Referring to FIG. 2, Fig. 2 is the kinetic current schematic diagram of 3 grades of hybrid power drivings in Fig. 1.As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, at this In embodiment, 3 grades of power transmissions are as follows at work for three clutch hybrid gearboxes:
Specifically, 1 grade of drive path of power drive: the engagement of the first synchronizer 9 and 1 grade driven gear 10, the second clutch is closed Device 3 be closed, third clutch 26 disconnect, 1 torque of engine pass through together with 4 torque of motor through first clutch 2 second from Clutch 3 passes to 1 grade of driving gear 14 on one axis 13 of input, 1 grade of driven gear 10 is passed to via 1 grade of driving gear 14, by 1 The engagement of shelves driven gear 10 and the first synchronizer 9 transfers torque to the first synchronizer 9, by the first synchronizer 9 and output one The engagement of axis 11 transfers torque on one axis 11 of output, then is transmitted to one axis master of output by one axis 11 of output and subtracts gear 6, then lead to It crosses and subtracts the differential mechanism gear ring that gear 6 engages with one axis master of output and be transmitted to differential mechanism 23, finally through 23 output power of differential mechanism.
Specifically, hybrid power drive 2 grades of drive paths: third synchronizer 21 and 2 grade driven gear 22 engage, third from Clutch 26 is closed, and second clutch 3 disconnects, and 1 torque of engine passes through third together with 4 torque of motor through first clutch 2 Clutch 26 passes to 2 grades of driving gears 5 on two axis 25 of input, passes to 2 grades of driven gears 22 via 2 grades of driving gears 5, by The engagement of 2 grades of driven gears 22 and third synchronizer 21 transfers torque to third synchronizer 21, by third synchronizer 21 with it is defeated The engagement splines of two axis 16 transfer torque on two axis 16 of output out, then are transmitted to two axis masters of output by two axis 16 of output and subtract tooth Wheel 24, then it is transmitted to differential mechanism 23 by subtracting the differential mechanism gear ring that gear 24 engages with two axis masters of output, finally through differential mechanism 23 Output power.
Specifically, hybrid power drive 3 grades of drive paths: the second synchronizer 18 and 3 grade driven gear 20 engagement, second from Clutch 3 is closed, and third clutch 26 disconnects, and 1 torque of engine passes through second together with 4 torque of motor through first clutch 2 Clutch 3 passes to 3 grades of driving gears 15 on one axis 13 of input, passes to 3 grades of driven gears 20 via 3 grades of driving gears 15, Second synchronizer 18 is transferred torque to by the engagement of 3 grades of driven gears 20 and the second synchronizer 18, by the second synchronizer 18 with The engagement splines for exporting two axis 16 transfer torque on two axis 16 of output, then are transmitted to two axis masters of output by two axis 16 of output and subtract Gear 24, then it is transmitted to differential mechanism 23 by subtracting the differential mechanism gear ring that gear 24 engages with two axis masters of output, finally through differential mechanism 23 output powers.
Specifically, hybrid power drives 4 grades of drive paths: the engagement of the first synchronizer 9 and 4 grade driven gear 8, third clutch Device 26 be closed, second clutch 3 disconnect, 1 torque of engine pass through together with 4 torque of motor through first clutch 2 third from Clutch 26 passes to 4 grades of driving gears 19 on two axis 25 of input, 4 grades of driven gears 8 is passed to via 4 grades of driving gears 19, by 4 The engagement of shelves driven gear 8 and the first synchronizer 9 transfers torque to the first synchronizer 9, by the first synchronizer 9 and one axis of output 11 engagement transfers torque on one axis 11 of output, then is transmitted to one axis master of output by one axis 11 of output and subtracts gear 6, then pass through Subtract the differential mechanism gear ring that gear 6 engages with one axis master of output and be transmitted to differential mechanism 23, finally through 23 output power of differential mechanism.
Specifically, hybrid power drive 5 grades of drive paths: the second synchronizer 18 and 5 grade driven gear 17 engagement, second from Clutch 3 is closed, and third clutch 26 disconnects, and 1 torque of engine passes through second together with 4 torque of motor through first clutch 2 Clutch 3 passes to 5 grades of driving gears 12 on one axis 13 of input, passes to 5 grades of driven gears 17 via 5 grades of driving gears 12, Second synchronizer 18 is transferred torque to by the engagement of 5 grades of driven gears 17 and the second synchronizer 18, by the second synchronizer 18 with The engagement splines for exporting two axis 16 transfer torque on two axis 16 of output, then are transmitted to two axis masters of output by two axis 16 of output and subtract Gear 24, then it is transmitted to differential mechanism 23 by subtracting the differential mechanism gear ring that gear 24 engages with two axis masters of output, finally through differential mechanism 23 output powers.
In one embodiment, the difference of pure engine-driven drive path and hybrid power driving is: motor is not Power output is provided, so the drive path of 1 grade of pure engine driving does not do excessive narration, please refers to hybrid power driving Drive path.
Referring to FIG. 3, Fig. 3 is the kinetic current schematic diagram of 3 grades of the pure electric vehicle machine drivings or motor reversion reversing in Fig. 1. As shown in Figure 1, Figure 3, the transmission of the drive path and hybrid power driving of 3 grades of pure electric vehicle machine drivings or motor reversion reversing The similar difference of route is: engine 1 does not provide power output;So what 3 grades of pure electric vehicle machine drivings or motor reversal were moved backward Drive path does not do excessive narration, please refers to the drive path of hybrid power driving.
Referring to FIG. 4, Fig. 4 is 3 grades of driving vehicles of engine while drive motor charging electric force flow schematic diagram in Fig. 1. As Figure 1 and Figure 4, in the present embodiment, drive path when 3 grades of driving vehicles of engine charge to motor simultaneously are as follows:
Specifically, the second synchronizer 18 and 3 grade driven gear 20 engages, and second clutch 3 is closed, and third clutch 26 is disconnected It opens;The rotor that 1 torque of engine enters motor 4 through 2 part of first clutch is converted to electric energy and is then stored in motor, Another part is transmitted to 3 grades of driving gears 15 on one axis 13 of input by second clutch 3, passes via 3 grades of driving gears 15 To 3 grades of driven gears 20, the second synchronizer 18 is transferred torque to by the engagement of 3 grades of driven gears 20 and the second synchronizer 18, It is transferred torque on two axis 16 of output by the engagement of the second synchronizer 18 and two axis 16 of output, then is transmitted to by exporting two axis 16 It exports two axis masters and subtracts gear 24, then be transmitted to differential mechanism 23 by subtracting the differential mechanism gear ring that gear 24 engages with two axis masters of output, Finally through 23 output power of differential mechanism.
As shown in Figure 2, Figure 4 shows, in the present embodiment, motor-powered vehicle simultaneously to motor charge drive path with The difference of the transmission scheme of hybrid drive vehicle is: hybrid drive vehicle is that motor converts electrical energy into kinetic energy Output, and it is that motor converts kinetic energy into power storage to motor charging that engine driving vehicle, which is practiced simultaneously,.
Referring to FIG. 5, Fig. 5 is 3 grades of kinetic current schematic diagrams of Brake energy recovery in Fig. 1.As shown in Fig. 1, Fig. 3, Fig. 5, In the present embodiment, Brake energy recovery route is opposite with the drive path that pure electric vehicle machine drives are as follows:
Specifically, the second synchronizer 18 and 3 grade driven gear 20 engages, and second clutch 3 is closed, and third clutch 26 is disconnected It opens;Road wheel end kinetic energy torque is transmitted in differential mechanism 23 through differential mechanism gear ring, by differential mechanism 23 through differential mechanism and two axis masters of output The normal engaging section for subtracting gear 24 transfers torque to two axis masters of output and subtracts on gear 24, then is transmitted to second together by exporting two axis 16 Device is walked, 3 grades of driven gears 20 are transferred torque to by the engagement of the second synchronizer 18 and 3 grade driven gear 20, then driven by 3 grades Gear 20 passes to 3 grades of driving gears 15, is being transmitted to second clutch 3 by inputting an axis 13, is being transmitted to through second clutch 3 In motor 4, motor 4 converts power storage for torque by converting.
It should be noted that the drive path of other gears and 3 grades of drive paths are substantially similar, therefore no longer excessive narration can With the drive path of drive path and the driving of pure electric vehicle machine with reference to 3 grades of Brake energy recovery.
Referring to FIG. 6, Fig. 6 is the system structure schematic diagram of three clutch hybrid powers of the utility model second embodiment.Such as Shown in Fig. 6, three clutch hybrid powers of three clutches hybrid gearbox provided in this embodiment and first embodiment offer become The difference of fast device is: three clutches hybrid gearbox provided in this embodiment further includes reverse gear 32 and the 4th synchronizer 31, reverse gear 32 and the 4th synchronizer 31 are mounted on one axis 11 of output, between 4 grades of driven gears 8 and bearing 27;And 4th synchronizer 31 is engaged or is disconnected with reverse gear 32, and reverse gear 32 and 2 grade driven gear 22 often engages.
It is worth noting that, in the present embodiment, halting mechanism 7 is integrated on differential mechanism 23, halting mechanism 7 passes through idle pulley 34 and idler shaft 35 connect with differential mechanism 23.
In the present embodiment, mechanical reverse shelves are increased, therefore car owner can work as one of which in such a way that autonomous selection is moved backward Reversing mode can choose another way when breaking down, and enhance the safety and reliability of vehicle.
Referring to FIG. 7, Fig. 7 is the system structure schematic diagram of three clutch hybrid powers of the utility model 3rd embodiment.Such as Shown in Fig. 7, three clutches hybrid gearbox provided in this embodiment mixes dynamic with three clutches of Fig. 6 second embodiment provided The difference of power speed changer is: change halting mechanism 7 installation site and three clutches hybrid power provided in this embodiment Speed changer further includes idle pulley 34 and idler shaft 35.In the present embodiment, idle pulley 34 is connect with the gear ring of differential mechanism 23, and idler shaft 35 again link together halting mechanism 7 and idle pulley 34.
Referring to FIG. 8, Fig. 8 is the system structure schematic diagram of three clutch hybrid powers of the utility model 3rd embodiment.Such as Shown in Fig. 8, three clutches hybrid gearbox provided in this embodiment mixes dynamic with three clutches of Fig. 7 3rd embodiment provided The difference of power speed changer is: three clutches hybrid gearbox provided in this embodiment further includes 6 grades of driven gears 33.6 grades The setting of driven gear 33 is engaged on exporting two axis 16 with 4 grades of driving gears 19, and 6 grades of driven gears 33 can be with third Synchronizer 21 engages.
Referring to FIG. 9, Fig. 9 is the system structure schematic diagram of three clutch hybrid powers of the utility model 3rd embodiment.Such as Shown in Fig. 9, three clutches hybrid gearbox provided in this embodiment mixes dynamic with three clutches of Fig. 8 fourth embodiment provided The difference of power speed changer is: idle pulley 34 and idler shaft 35 is eliminated, by the installation of halting mechanism 7 to one axis 11 of output and position In the front end of 1 grade of driven gear 10.
Referring to FIG. 10, Figure 10 is the system structure schematic diagram of three clutch hybrid powers of the utility model 3rd embodiment. As shown in Figure 10, three clutches of the first embodiment that three clutches hybrid gearbox provided in this embodiment and Fig. 1 are provided are mixed The difference for closing power transmission is: three clutches hybrid gearbox provided in this embodiment increases 6 grades of driven gears 33. The setting of 6 grades of driven gears 33 is engaged on exporting two axis 16 with 4 grades of driving gears 19, and 6 grades of driven gears 33 can be with the The engagement of three synchronizers 21.
Figure 11 is please referred to, Figure 11 is the system structure schematic diagram of three clutch hybrid powers of the utility model 3rd embodiment. As shown in figure 11, three clutches of the first embodiment that three clutches hybrid gearbox provided in this embodiment and Fig. 1 are provided are mixed The difference for closing power transmission is: will be in the installation of halting mechanism 7 to one axis 11 of output and before being located at 1 grade of driven gear 10 End, and reverse gear 32 and the 4th synchronizer 31 are increased in the position of former halting mechanism 7.
As can be seen from the above embodiments, halting mechanism 7 can be arranged in one axis of one axis 11 of output, two axis 16 of output and input 13, differential mechanism 23, and be also variable in the installation site of above structure on two axis 25 of input.
Preferred embodiments of the present invention are described in detail in conjunction with attached drawing above, but the utility model is not limited to Detail in above embodiment, above-described embodiment are exemplary, and should not be understood as limiting the present invention, In the range of the technology design of the utility model, a variety of simple variants can be carried out to the technical solution of the utility model, these letters Monotropic type belongs to the protection scope of the utility model.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of three clutch hybrid gearboxes characterized by comprising driving gear, driven gear, the main gear, same of subtracting Walk device, first clutch, second clutch, third clutch, engine, motor, halting mechanism, input shaft and output shaft;
The driving gear includes: 1 grade of driving gear, 2 grades of driving gears, 3 grades of driving gears, 4 grades of driving gears and 5 grades of actives Gear, the driven gear include: 1 grade of driven gear, 2 grades of driven gears, 3 grades of driven gears, 4 grades of driven gears and 5 grades from Moving gear;
The synchronizer includes the first synchronizer, the second synchronizer and third synchronizer;
The input shaft includes two axis of one axis of input and input, includes the driving gear of three gears, institute on one axis of the input State the driving gear including two gears on two axis of input;
The output shaft includes two axis of one axis of output and output, includes the driven gear of two gears, institute on one axis of the output State output two axis on include three gears driven gear, it is described output one axis driven gear and it is described output two axis on from Moving gear interlaced arrangement, the driving gear on the input shaft are engaged with the driven gear one-to-one correspondence on the output shaft;
One axis of the output and two axis of the output are respectively provided with a bearing close to the side of the motor, and the master subtracts gear and sets Set one end after the bearing close to the motor;
The synchronizer is for connecting the driven gear and the output shaft to realize the transmission of power;
For the first clutch for connecting the motor and the engine, the second clutch is described defeated for connecting Enter an axis and the motor, the third clutch is for connecting two axis of the input and the motor.
2. three clutches hybrid gearbox as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that 1 grade of driving gear, described 3 Shelves driving gear and 5 grades of driving gears by way of spline/welding/one with one axis of the input is connected or structure one Body.
3. three clutches hybrid gearbox as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that 2 grades of driving gears and described 4 Shelves driving gear is connected by way of spline/welding/one with two axis of the input or structural integrity.
4. three clutches hybrid gearbox as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that 1 grade of driven gear and described 4 For shelves driven gear through roller cup on one axis of the output, first synchronizer and one axis of the output pass through spline It is connected.
5. three clutches hybrid gearbox as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the three clutches hybrid power speed change Device further includes reverse gear and the 4th synchronizer;1 grade of driven gear, 4 grades of driven gears and the reverse gear are logical Roller cup is crossed on one axis of the output, first synchronizer and the 4th synchronizer pass through with one axis of the output Spline is connected.
6. three clutches hybrid gearbox as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that 2 grades of driven gears, described 3 Shelves driven gear and 5 grades of driven gears pass through roller cup on two axis of the output, the third synchronizer and institute The second synchronizer and two axis of the output are stated to be connected by spline.
7. three clutches hybrid gearbox as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the three clutches hybrid power speed change Device further includes 6 grades of driven gears;2 grades of driven gears, 3 grades of driven gears, 5 grades of driven gears and 6 grades described Driven gear by roller cup on two axis of the output, the third synchronizer and second synchronizer with it is described defeated Two axis are connected by spline out.
8. three clutches hybrid gearbox as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the three clutches hybrid power speed change Device further includes differential mechanism;The halting mechanism is being integrated in the differential mechanism or setting in one axis of the output or the output two On axis.
9. three clutches hybrid gearbox as claimed in claim 8, which is characterized in that the three clutches hybrid power speed change Device further includes idle pulley and idler shaft;The idle pulley is engaged with the gear ring on the differential mechanism, and the idler shaft and the idle pulley connect It connects, the halting mechanism and the idler shaft are connected.
10. three clutches hybrid gearbox as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the three clutches hybrid power becomes Fast device realizes gear reversing function by motor reversion.
CN201820954975.1U 2018-06-20 2018-06-20 Three clutch hybrid gearboxes Active CN208364707U (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108591377A (en) * 2018-06-20 2018-09-28 浙江吉利控股集团有限公司 Three clutch hybrid gearboxes
CN110056614A (en) * 2019-04-23 2019-07-26 合肥工业大学 One kind being based on three clutch electric automobiles, three speed automatic transmission
CN112443630A (en) * 2019-08-30 2021-03-05 广州汽车集团股份有限公司 Automatic transmission and vehicle with same

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108591377A (en) * 2018-06-20 2018-09-28 浙江吉利控股集团有限公司 Three clutch hybrid gearboxes
CN110056614A (en) * 2019-04-23 2019-07-26 合肥工业大学 One kind being based on three clutch electric automobiles, three speed automatic transmission
CN112443630A (en) * 2019-08-30 2021-03-05 广州汽车集团股份有限公司 Automatic transmission and vehicle with same

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