A kind of stalk processing pulverizer being more energy-saving and environmentally friendly
The invention belongs to agricultural machinery technological fields, and in particular to a kind of stalk processing crushing being more energy-saving and environmentally friendly
Stalk crasher is mainly used for the chopping processing of crop material, the such as the following straw of branch diameter 5CM, it is also possible to
It is processed in the chopping of various agricultural crop straws and herbage, smashed agriculture canebreak can be used for manufacturing organic fertilizer, fuel, wood shavings
The raw material of the various production industries such as plate, paper, realizes the economic value of agriculture canebreak, while also protecting environment, improving
Soil creates good social benefit.
In the Chinese patent that the patent No. is CN103521326A, it is noted that a kind of stalk crasher passes through guillotine cutting reamer
Setting, realize pulverizer it is small to the selectivity of material, different material is able to carry out crushing, improves the function of pulverizer
Property, and it is at low cost, work efficiency is high, but friction generates heat for stalk generation in crushing and processing for pulverizer, and heat is with gas
It is discharged together, causes energy loss, and secondary pollution is caused to environment, blocking is in addition easy to happen when pulverizer blanking, reduce
The working efficiency of pulverizer.
Utility model content
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of stalk processing pulverizers being more energy-saving and environmentally friendly, to solve above-mentioned background
Friction generates heat for stalk generation when the crushing and processing proposed in technology, and heat is discharged together with gas, causes energy loss, and
The problem of is caused by secondary pollution, blocking is in addition easy to happen when pulverizer blanking, reduces the working efficiency of pulverizer for environment.
To achieve the above object, the invention provides the following technical scheme: a kind of stalk processing powder being more energy-saving and environmentally friendly
Broken machine, including rack, the top of the rack is provided with crush box, and the bottom of machine frame inside is fixed with electricity by fixed plate
Machine, the crush box is cylindrical structure, and the side on crush box top is equipped with feed tray by bolt, in the rack
Portion is provided with blanking channel at a side position of motor, and blanking channel is communicated with crush box, and the side of the rack is logical
It crosses support plate and is fixed with air-introduced machine, and rack is equipped with AEC4900 controller relative to the side of air-introduced machine, the air-introduced machine
Side is connected with cyclone separator by air supply duct, and air-introduced machine is connect with blanking channel by pipeline, the cyclonic separation
The top of device has been fixed by the bracket heat recoverer, and the air-introduced machine and motor are electrically connected with AEC4900 controller.
Preferably, the cyclone separator includes dust hopper, dust mouth, air inlet pipe and exhaust pipe, the exhaust pipe installation
On the top of cyclone separator, the dust hopper is fixed on the one end of cyclone separator relative to exhaust pipe, and the bottom of dust hopper
End is provided with dust mouth, and the air inlet pipe is mounted on the side of cyclone separator, and air inlet pipe is solid by flange and air supply duct
Preferably, the heat recoverer includes exhaust outlet, inlet valve, drain valve and cooling tube, the exhaust outlet setting
Middle position in heat recoverer upper surface, the inlet valve are mounted on heat recoverer adjacent to the side of exhaust outlet,
The drain valve is mounted on side of the heat recoverer relative to inlet valve, and the cooling tube is U-shaped setting, and cooling tube is installed
In the inside of heat recoverer, the both ends of the cooling tube are fixedly connected with exhaust outlet and inlet valve respectively by attachment base, institute
It states heat recoverer and is communicated by cyclone separator top exhaust pipe with cyclone separator formation.
Preferably, the crush box includes fixed grit, case lid and crushes stationary knife, and the fixed grit is fixed on crush box
Internal bottom end, the crushing stationary knife is provided with two groups altogether, and two groups of crushing stationary knifes are symmetrically fixed on the inner wall two sides of crush box,
The case lid is rotatably connected on the top of crush box by hinge, and the middle position inside the crush box is equipped with crushing
Roller, the crushing tooth on the pulverization roller is interspersed with two groups of crushing stationary knifes, and one end of pulverization roller is fixed with driven wheel.
Preferably, one end of the motor is rotatably connected to driving wheel by shaft, and connects between driving wheel and driven wheel
It is connected to belt, the outside of the belt has been bolted shield, and the outer wall side rectangular array of shield opens up
There are several heat release holes.
Preferably, the feed tray includes the first pallet, the second pallet, backgauge lid, fixation hole, sliding slot and adjusts rotation
Button, second pallet is mounted on one end of the first pallet, and the middle position of the second pallet two sides offers sliding slot, institute
It states the first pallet and is slidably connected with the second pallet by sliding slot, and the two sides of the first pallet and the second pallet junction pass through spiral shell
Line, which screws, is connected with adjusting knob, and the middle position inside two sliding slots is equidistant to offer several and adjusting knob
The fixation hole to match, second pallet are equipped with backgauge lid relative to one end of the first pallet.
Preferably, the blanking channel includes discharge port and undaform inner wall, and the blanking channel is arc setting, and under
The inner wall in material channel is provided with undaform inner wall, and the one end of blanking channel relative to crush box is arranged in the discharge port.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the present invention are:
(1) present invention is provided with heat recoverer, and when crushing and processing, worker can pass through AEC4900 controller and control air inducing
Machine work rotation, forms negative pressure, and the lightweight objects such as the dust adulterated in particle in blanking channel are sucked out by pipeline, and passes through
Air supply duct conveying is discharged into cyclone separator by air inlet pipe, the effect of the lightweight objects such as dust cyclone inside cyclone separator
Lower progress gas and dust separation, wherein dust is fallen into dust hopper under the effect of gravity, and is discharged by dust mouth, and
Gas is discharged into heat recoverer by exhaust pipe, and the cooling tube inside heat recoverer injects cold water by inlet valve, by gas
Heat absorption in body, gas after cooling drain into outside by exhaust outlet, and absorb the cold water after heat and become hot water and draining
It is discharged under the control of valve, so that outside uses, and then realizes that the heat generated during crushing and processing is recycled, avoid heat
It drains into outside together with gas and causes energy loss, improve the utilization rate of resource, it is energy saving, it also prevents from causing two to environment
Secondary pollution realizes that pulverizer is more environmentally-friendly.
(2) present invention is provided with undaform inner wall in the inside of blanking channel, and when processing, stalk passes through pulverization roller and crushing
Stationary knife crushes, and particle falls into and carries out blanking in blanking channel after fixed grit filters, in blanking process, undaform inner wall
Using the radian of its own, change the state of particle flowing, promotes particle flowing, prevent particle from blocking discharge port, improve powder
The production efficiency of broken machine.
(3) present invention is provided with the slidingtype feed tray that is made of the first pallet and the second pallet, when processing, Gong Renke
By rotating adjusting knob, adjusting knob is screwed out into fixation hole, worker pulls the first pallet on feed tray, makes the first pallet
It is slided along the chute with the second pallet, to realize that feed tray is flexible, and then is applicable in the straw powder of different length convenient for feed tray
It is broken, the too long inconvenient charging of stalk is prevented, realizes that pulverizer has more preferably practicability.
(4) present invention is provided with air-introduced machine, is extracted out the lightweight objects such as dust in crush box by air-introduced machine, and through overwinding
It is purer to realize that pulverizer crushes, improves the pure rate of pulverizer blanking, pelletizes convenient for the particle later period for the separation of wind separator
Deng processing, reduce the later period process of stalk processing, reduce the labor intensity of worker, improves the production effect of stalk processing
Rate increases benefits of production and management.
In conclusion the present invention has energy conservation and environmental protection, resource utilization is high, and pulverizer high production efficiency, economic benefit
Good, the low feature of labor intensity is particularly suitable for agricultural machinery technological field, realizes that energy-saving straw environment-friendly high-efficiency crushes.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural diagram of the present invention；
Fig. 2 is front view of the invention；
Fig. 3 is side view of the invention；
Fig. 4 is the inner wall structure diagram of heat recoverer of the present invention；
Fig. 5 is the cross-sectional view of blanking channel of the present invention；
Fig. 6 is the top view of crush box when case lid of the present invention is opened；
Fig. 7 is the partial enlarged view at A of the present invention；
Fig. 8 is the top view of feed tray of the present invention；
In figure: 1- rack；2- air-introduced machine；3- air supply duct；4- cyclone separator；41- dust hopper；The dust mouth 42-；43-
Air inlet pipe；44- exhaust pipe；5- heat recoverer；51- exhaust outlet；52- inlet valve；53- drain valve；54- cooling tube；6- is crushed
Case；61- fixed grit；62- case lid；63- crushes stationary knife；7- feed tray；The first pallet of 71-；The second pallet of 72-；73- backgauge
Lid；74- fixation hole；75- sliding slot；76- adjusting knob；8- pulverization roller；9- driven wheel；10- belt；11- shield；12- is actively
Wheel；13- motor；14- blanking channel；141- discharge port；142- undaform inner wall；15-AEC4900 controller.
Following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention carries out clear, complete
Site preparation description, it is clear that described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.It is based on
Embodiment in the present invention, it is obtained by those of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts every other
Embodiment shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Fig. 1-8 is please referred to, the present invention provides a kind of technical solution: a kind of stalk processing crushing being more energy-saving and environmentally friendly
Machine, including rack 1, the top of rack 1 is provided with crush box 6, and the bottom inside rack 1 is fixed with motor by fixed plate
13, motor 13 uses GS0075A driving motor, and crush box 6 is cylindrical structure, and the side on 6 top of crush box passes through bolt
Feed tray 7 is installed, 1 inside of rack is provided with blanking channel 14, and blanking channel 14 at a side position of motor 13
It is communicated with crush box 6, the side of rack 1 is fixed with air-introduced machine 2 by support plate, and rack 1 is pacified relative to the side of air-introduced machine 2
Equipped with AEC4900 controller 15, the side of air-introduced machine 2 is connected with cyclone separator 4 by air supply duct 3, and air-introduced machine 2 is under
Expect that channel 14 is connected by pipeline, air-introduced machine 2 crush box 6 can be crushed after into adulterating in the particle in blanking channel 14
Dust is sucked out, and conveys by air supply duct 3 and handled into cyclone separator 4, and then realizes that particle is pure, is convenient for later period system
The processing such as grain, the top of cyclone separator 4 have been fixed by the bracket heat recoverer 5, air-introduced machine 2 and motor 13 with
AEC4900 controller 15 is electrically connected.
Further, cyclone separator 4 includes dust hopper 41, dust mouth 42, air inlet pipe 43 and exhaust pipe 44, exhaust pipe 44
It is mounted on the top of cyclone separator 4, dust hopper 41 is fixed on the one end of cyclone separator 4 relative to exhaust pipe 44, and dust
The bottom end of bucket 41 is provided with dust mouth 42, and air inlet pipe 43 is mounted on the side of cyclone separator 4, and air inlet pipe 43 by flange with
Air supply duct 3 is fixedly connected, and for cyclone separator 4 by its internal cyclone by gas and dust separation, dust hopper 41 collects separation
Dust out, and be discharged by dust mouth 42, gas is discharged by exhaust pipe 44.
Specifically, heat recoverer 5 includes exhaust outlet 51, inlet valve 52, drain valve 53 and cooling tube 54, and exhaust outlet 51 is set
The middle position in 5 upper surface of heat recoverer is set, inlet valve 52 is mounted on heat recoverer 5 adjacent to the one of exhaust outlet 51
Side, drain valve 53 are mounted on side of the heat recoverer 5 relative to inlet valve 52, and cooling tube 54 is U-shaped setting, and cooling tube 54
It is mounted on the inside of heat recoverer 5, the both ends of cooling tube 54 are fixed with exhaust outlet 51 and inlet valve 52 respectively by attachment base
Connection, heat recoverer 5 are communicated by 4 top exhaust pipe 44 of cyclone separator with cyclone separator 4, gas in cyclone separator 4
Body discharges into heat recoverer 5 by exhaust pipe 44, and heat recoverer 5 passes through 52 note of inlet valve using its internal cooling tube 54
Entering the heat that cold water absorbs in gas prevents thermal loss to realize the recycling of gas waste-heat.
It is worth noting that crush box 6 includes fixed grit 61, case lid 62 and crushes stationary knife 63, fixed grit 61 is fixed
Bottom end inside crush box 6 crushes stationary knife 63 and is provided with two groups altogether, and two groups of crushing stationary knifes 63 are symmetrically fixed on crush box 6
Inner wall two sides, case lid 62 is rotatably connected on the top of crush box 6 by hinge, the middle position installation inside crush box 6
Have pulverization roller 8, the crushing tooth on pulverization roller 8 is interspersed with two groups of crushing stationary knifes 63, and one end of pulverization roller 8 be fixed with it is driven
Wheel 9 is interspersed by crushing tooth on pulverization roller 8 and two groups of crushing stationary knifes 63 and stalk can be carried out rotation crushing, crushing
Rate is high, prevents different length stalk from crushing incomplete.
Further, one end of motor 13 is rotatably connected to driving wheel 12 by shaft, and driving wheel 12 and driven wheel 9 it
Between be connected with belt 10, the outside of belt 10 has been bolted shield 11, and the outer wall side of shield 11 is in rectangle
Array offers several heat release holes, driven wheel 9 can be driven to produce when rotating by belt 10 driving wheel 12 by heat release hole
Raw heat distributes, and prevents belt 10 from skidding, ensure that 10 stable delivery power of belt.
Specifically, feed tray 7 includes the first pallet 71, the second pallet 72, backgauge lid 73, fixation hole 74,75 and of sliding slot
Adjusting knob 76, the second pallet 72 is mounted on one end of the first pallet 71, and the middle position of 72 two sides of the second pallet is opened
Equipped with sliding slot 75, the first pallet 71 is slidably connected with the second pallet 72 by sliding slot 75, and the first pallet 71 and the second pallet 72
The two sides of junction, which pass through threaded engagement connection, adjusting knob 76, and the middle position inside two sliding slots 75 is equidistantly left
Equipped with the fixation hole 74 that several match with adjusting knob 76, the second pallet 72 is equipped with relative to one end of the first pallet 71
Backgauge lid 73 screws out adjusting knob 76 from fixation hole 74, and worker can pull the first pallet 71, the first pallet 71 and the second support
75 sliding along the chute under the action of pulling force of disk 72, to adjust the length of feed tray 7, in order to which feed tray 7 is applicable in difference
The stalk of length increases the practicability of pulverizer.
It is worth noting that blanking channel 14 includes discharge port 141 and undaform inner wall 142, blanking channel 14 is arc
Setting, and the inner wall of blanking channel 14 is provided with undaform inner wall 142, discharge port 141 is arranged in blanking channel 14 relative to powder
One end of broken case 6, particle are discharged by the blanking channel 14 of arc, and 14 medium wave wave type inner wall 142 of blanking channel can change broken
The fluidised form and flow velocity of material, prevent blanking channel 14 from blocking.
Working principle: when in use, worker first switches it on external power supply for the invention, is rotated further by adjusting knob 76, will adjust
It saves knob 76 and screws out fixation hole 74, worker pulls the first pallet 71 on feed tray 7, makes the first pallet 71 and the second pallet 72
75 sliding along the chute realizes that feed tray 7 is flexible, in order to which the stalk that feed tray 7 is applicable in different length crushes, adjusts and completes
Afterwards, worker opens equipment power supply by AEC4900 controller 15, and equipment is started to work at this time, the work rotation of motor 13, and passes through
Shaft drives driving wheel 12 to rotate, and driving wheel 12 drives driven wheel 9 to rotate by belt 10, and driven wheel 9 drives 8 high speed of pulverization roller
Rotation, while worker is promoted stalk in crush box 6 by feed tray 7, backgauge lid 73 prevents crushed straw aggregate from splashing, and prevents work
Manpower is put in, and stalk is crushed under 8 high-speed rotation of pulverization roller and the collective effect of crushing stationary knife 63, and particle passes through fixed grit
61 screenings, tiny particle enter in blanking channel 14 through fixed grit 61, and larger particle remains in crush box 6 and relays continued powder
Broken, until being ground into tiny particle, the particle in blanking channel 14 is under the adjusting of undaform inner wall 142, quickly by discharge port
141 discharges, prevent discharge port 141 from blocking, during crushing and processing, control of the air-introduced machine 2 in AEC4900 controller 15
Lower work rotation, and negative pressure is formed, the lightweight objects such as the dust adulterated in particle in blanking channel 14 are sucked out by pipeline, warp
It crosses the conveying of air supply duct 3 to be discharged into cyclone separator 4 by air inlet pipe 43, the lightweight objects such as dust gas inside cyclone separator 4
Gas and dust separation are carried out under the action of rotation, wherein dust is fallen under the effect of gravity in dust hopper 41, and by going out
Dirt mouth 42 is discharged, and gas is discharged into heat recoverer 5 by exhaust pipe 44, the cooling tube 54 inside heat recoverer 5 by into
Water valve 52 injects cold water, and by the heat absorption in gas, gas after cooling drains into outside by exhaust outlet 51 and the energy is caused to damage
It loses, and absorbs the cold water after heat and become hot water and be discharged under the control of drain valve 53, so that outside uses, and then realize and crush
The heat generated in process is recycled, and heat is avoided to drain into outside together with gas, improves the utilization rate of resource, section
The about energy, while preventing from causing environment secondary pollution, realize that pulverizer is more environmentally-friendly.
It although an embodiment of the present invention has been shown and described, for the ordinary skill in the art, can be with
A variety of variations, modification, replacement can be carried out to these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the present invention by understanding
And modification, the scope of the present invention is defined by the appended.