Utility model content
To solve above-mentioned prior art problem, the utility model provides a kind of water curtain type gas handling system, can be to cultivation
The foul gas generated during the feces of livestock and poultry production organic fertilizer of field is handled, and pollution of the exhaust gas to environment is reduced.
The technical solution of the utility model is to provide a kind of water curtain type gas handling system, including with air inlet and goes out
The gas chamber of port, the plenum roof inner wall are equipped with spray module, can be used to spray water to form cascade when connecting water source；The gas
Room bottom includes plash, can be used to accumulate the water of spray module ejection；The system also includes connection plash and water spray groups
The component that draws water of part, can be used to provide the water source of spray module.
Preferred embodiment, the system also includes acid solutions to add component, acid molten to add into the plash
Preferred embodiment, the acid solution addition component include addition trigger module and addition control module, the addition
Trigger module adds acid solution for output signal triggering acid solution addition component；The addition control module is according to addition
The signal of trigger module output generates the control signal for whether adding acid solution.
Preferred embodiment, the spray module include main jet water pipe and branch sparge pipe, are drawn water described in the main jet water pipe connection
Component, the main jet water pipe can be used to be introduced into the water in plash and be delivered to branch sparge pipe；Described in the branch sparge pipe connection
Main jet water pipe, the branch sparge pipe are equipped with hole for water spraying, and the opening of hole for water spraying is towards gas chamber bottom.
Multiple, each sparge pipe interval L is arranged in preferred embodiment, the branch sparge pipe1Distance setting, multiple water spray
Pipe forms pectination with main jet water pipe and is arranged in plenum roof.
Preferred embodiment, the branch sparge pipe include multiple hole for water sprayings, each hole for water spraying interval L2Distance along branch sparge pipe
Preferred embodiment, the hole for water spraying are equipped with spray head.
Preferred embodiment, the component that draws water include that pump and water pipe, the pump water inlet end are located in plash, the water pipe one
The water outlet of end connection pump, the other end connect spray module.
Preferred embodiment, the component that draws water further includes filter, and the filter is set to the water inlet end of pump.
Preferred embodiment, the gas chamber bottom are higher than plash pool wall top, and plash pool wall is equipped with overfall, and overfall connects
It is connected to overflow pipe, can be used to the water that water conservancy diversion when water level reaches overfall in plash goes out in plash.
Adsorbate is arranged in preferred embodiment, the gas outlet, and the adsorbate is located in gas chamber.
Preferred embodiment, the adsorbate are stalk.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are embodied in, and are provided a kind of water curtain type gas handling system, are passed through spray module
Setting can form cascade in plenum interior, spray the liquid containing acid solution, produce organic fertilizer mistake with farm's feces of livestock and poultry
The ammonia generated in journey carries out reaction to remove ammonia, and achievees the effect that deodorization；Plash is arranged in gas chamber bottom, and passes through
The component that draws water for spray module provides water source, and water can be recycled and spray to form cascade again by spray module, saves water money
Source；The reasonable setting that component is added by acid solution is not enough to clean NH after solution pH value raising in plash3(cleaning
Efficiency is lower) when, it can be achieved that acid solution is added into plash automatically, on the basis of recycling water and forming cascade, into
One step realizes the automation of acid solution addition, reduces artificial participate in.
The following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, carries out the technical scheme in the embodiment of the utility model
Clearly and completely describe, it is clear that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the utility model, rather than whole
Embodiment.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are without making creative work
Every other embodiment obtained, fall within the protection scope of the utility model.
It please refers to shown in Fig. 1-7, specific embodiment provided by the utility model is as follows：
A kind of the technical solution of the utility model of the present embodiment is to provide a kind of water curtain type gas handling system, including
With air inlet 10 and the gas chamber of gas outlet 11 1,12 inner wall of plenum roof is equipped with spray module 2, can be used in connection water
It sprays water to form cascade when source；The gas chamber bottom 14 includes plash 3, can be used to accumulate the water of spray module ejection；The system
System further includes the component 4 that draws water for connecting plash and spray module, can be used to provide the water source of spray module.Described in the present embodiment
Water curtain type gas handling system can be used for handling farm's feces of livestock and poultry fermented technique production organic fertilizer during discharged
Exhaust gas.Feces of livestock and poultry is higher because of its script moisture content, it is difficult to handle, if be directly applied to raw excrement without fermentation process
Soil can injure the root of crops, interfere the growth of plant.Under aerobic conditions, due to the effect of aerobic bacterium, it will remove
The harmful substance that organic matter in animal manure generates in decomposable process, while the moisture in animal manure is evaporated, it is allowed to become to be easy to locate
The organic fertilizer of reason.And during livestock manure fermented, a large amount of foul gas can be generated.These foul smell compositions be mainly ammonia,
The chemical substances such as sulfur-containing compound, amine and some lower aliphatic acids.In the continuous progression of aerobic fermentation, it will generate
A large amount of NH3, NH3It is most important composition in foul smell, there is strong sharp aroma, the health and atmosphere of people are caused
Serious pollution problem.It since ammonia is to the sorptive very high of water, and is dissolved in after water in alkalinity, therefore, is proposed in the present embodiment
The exhaust gas discharged during the fermented technique production organic fertilizer of cleaning farm's feces of livestock and poultry is removed using cascade.Specifically, will
The exhaust gas generated in the continuous fermentation process of feces fermenting tank is introduced into gas chamber through air inlet, and the spray module, which can be used to spray, to be contained
The liquid of acid solution can spray downward liquid from plenum roof and form cascade, the NH in acid solution and gas chamber3It neutralizes
Reaction removes NH to reach3The purpose of (while also deodorization), exhaust gas after treatment are discharged from gas outlet.Gas chamber bottom is set
Plash is set, the liquid that spray module constantly sprays can be accumulated, by the setting for the component that draws water, plash can be utilized again
In water source of the liquid as spray module, and be delivered to spray module and spray to form cascade, achieve the purpose that recycle water,
Save water resource.In addition, the gas temperature given off just through fermentation process is very high, passed through by the gas that air inlet of air chamber is collected
When the cascade cleaning that spray module is formed, the temperature of gas can also be reduced.
Preferred embodiment scheme, the system also includes acid solutions to add component, to add into the plash
Acid solution.In the continuous progression of aerobic fermentation, a large amount of NH will be generated3, in the continuous cleaning process of exhaust gas, spray
The acid solution and NH that water assembly sprays3After reacting, the pH value of solution is constantly increased, when in the component extraction plash that draws water
Liquid make spray module cleaning NH3Water source when, pH value increase after solution will be not enough to clean NH3, therefore, the present embodiment
The gas handling system further includes acid solution addition component, is not enough to clean after solution pH value raising in plash
NH3(cleaning efficiency is lower) can add acid solution into plash.
Preferred embodiment scheme, the acid solution addition component include addition trigger module and addition control module, institute
Addition trigger module is stated for output signal triggering acid solution addition component addition acid solution；The addition control module root
The control signal for whether adding acid solution is generated according to the signal of addition trigger module output.It is reasonable to acid solution addition component
Design addition trigger module and the functional module for adding control module, can increase the stability of system.Specifically, the addition touching
Sending out module can be pH value detection module, can in real-time detection plash solution pH value, being increased to threshold value M to pH value (can be with
Threshold value is set according to the actual situation, the NH in exhaust gas is discharged within certain a period of time such as fermentation vat3Content) when, output signal touching
Hair addition control module generates the control signal of addition acid solution.Using the above scheme, the water in plash is being recycled
It is formed on the basis of cascade, further realizes the automation of acid solution addition, reduce artificial participate in.
Preferred embodiment scheme, the spray module 2 include main jet water pipe 20 and branch sparge pipe 21, and the main jet water pipe connects
The component that draws water is connect, the main jet water pipe can be used to be introduced into the water in plash and be delivered to branch sparge pipe；The branch water spray
Pipe connects the main jet water pipe, and the branch sparge pipe 21 is equipped with hole for water spraying 210, and the opening of hole for water spraying is towards gas chamber bottom.This
Main jet water pipe can connect water source in embodiment, and water is delivered to branch sparge pipe, and branch sparge pipe is equipped with hole for water spraying, when access water
When source, water sprays to form cascade along hole for water spraying.
Multiple, each sparge pipe interval L is arranged in preferred embodiment scheme, the branch sparge pipe 211Distance setting, it is more
A branch sparge pipe 21 forms pectination with main jet water pipe 20 and is arranged in plenum roof 12.Due to random fortune of the gas in space
It is dynamic, therefore, in plenum space need enough cascades to remove cleaning exhaust gas.To guarantee to form relatively uniform water in plenum space
Curtain guarantees that cascade is formed at plenum space different location cleans exhaust gas, improves the cleaning efficiency of exhaust gas, and setting is more in the present embodiment
A branch sparge pipe, each sparge pipe interval L1Distance setting, wherein L1It is chosen as 50cm, multiple sparge pipes and main jet water
Pipe is arranged in plenum roof in pectination.
It should be noted that the arrangement mode of sparge pipe does not limit to aforesaid way, it can also be S-shaped on gas chamber top by sparge pipe
Portion's setting；Can also it is higher in waste gas content (such as at air inlet) setting than comparatively dense sparge pipe, improve cleaning efficiency.Setting
The purpose of sparge pipe is handled the exhaust gas in gas chamber, sparge pipe sprays in order to which when connecting water source, water spray forms cascade
Acid solution be in order to the NH in exhaust gas3It is reacted, achievees the purpose that remove ammonia (deodorization).At air inlet of air chamber,
Waste gas content is larger, and settable closeer sparge pipe handles exhaust gas.At the gas outlet of gas chamber, it may also set up closeer
Sparge pipe, the gas after over cleaning that will be discharged is cleaned again, further increases the clean level of gas.
Preferred embodiment scheme, the branch sparge pipe 21 include multiple hole for water sprayings 210, each hole for water spraying interval L4Distance
Axially it is arranged along branch sparge pipe.In the present embodiment, multiple hole for water sprayings are set, the water that multiple hole for water sprayings spray is constituted on branch sparge pipe
Cascade；Each hole for water spraying interval L2Distance be axially arranged along branch sparge pipe, wherein L2It is chosen as 50cm, can be conducive to be formed uniform
Preferred embodiment scheme, the hole for water spraying are equipped with spray head.It, can be with specifically, spray head can be arranged at hole for water spraying
Conducive to adjustment water spraying direction.Spray head can be high-pressure nozzle or atomizer, also be conducive to the uniform water of shape in plenum space
Preferred embodiment scheme, the component that draws water includes pump and water pipe, and the pump water inlet end is located in plash, described
The water outlet of water pipe one end connection pump, the other end connect spray module.In the present embodiment using draw water component will be in plash
Water utilize again, be delivered to spray module and spray to form cascade, achieve the purpose that recycle water, save water resource.
Preferred embodiment scheme, the component that draws water further includes filter, and the filter is set to the water inlet end of pump.In order to
Avoid with the impurity or material residue block pumps and water pipe after waste gas reaction in liquid, be arranged in the present embodiment in the water inlet end of pump
Filtered water is recycled filter again.
Preferred embodiment scheme, the gas chamber bottom 14 are higher than 3 pool wall top of plash, and plash pool wall is equipped with overfall
30, overfall 30 is connected with overflow pipe 301, can be used to water conservancy diversion when water level reaches overfall in plash and goes out in plash
Water.Gas chamber bottom is set in order to be conducive in the smooth inflow plash of water that spray module sprays, in the present embodiment and is higher than plash
Pool wall top；Further water conservancy diversion to be convenient for go out the water in plash, overfall 30 can be disposed in proximity to 13 bottom of gas chamber sidewall
Plash pool wall position, when in plash water level reach overfall when can auto-guiding go out the water in plash.
Adsorbate 110 is arranged in preferred embodiment scheme, the gas outlet 11, and the adsorbate 110 is located in gas chamber 1.This
In embodiment, in order to filter gas again before exhaust gas is discharged, adsorbate is stacked in gas indoor air outlet position, can be absorbed
Certain moisture and impurity, further increase the gaseous mass of discharge.
Preferred embodiment scheme, the adsorbate are stalk.Specifically, can using stalk as adsorbate, as corn stover,
Wheat stalk, rice etc..Stalk itself has the function of water suction, and exhaust gas is after cascade cleans, before being discharged from gas outlet,
It can be through stalk adsorption moisture.
In the description of the embodiments of the present invention, it should be noted that the transfer mode for describing signal is to retouch
The connection relationship between functional hardware is stated, and signal itself is not belonging to technical characteristic.
In the description of the embodiments of the present invention, it is to be understood that term " on ", "lower", "front", "rear",
"left", "right", " hard straight ", "horizontal", "center", "top", "bottom", " top ", " bottom ", "inner", "outside", " inside ", " outer
The orientation or positional relationship of the instructions such as side " is to be based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, merely to making in this reality of description
It is described with novel with simplified, rather than the device or element of indication or suggestion meaning must have a particular orientation, with specific
Orientation construction and operation, therefore should not be understood as limiting the present invention.Wherein, " inboard " refers to inside or fences up
Region or space." periphery " refers to the region around certain particular elements or specific region.
In the description of the embodiments of the present invention, term " first ", " second ", " third ", " the 4th " are only used for retouching
Purpose is stated, relative importance is not understood to indicate or imply or implicitly indicates the quantity of indicated technical characteristic.By
This, define " first ", " second ", " third ", the feature of " the 4th " can explicitly or implicitly include it is one or more
A this feature.In the description of the present invention, unless otherwise indicated, the meaning of " plurality " is two or more.
In the description of the embodiments of the present invention, it should be noted that unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, art
Language " installation ", " connected ", " connection ", " assembling " shall be understood in a broad sense, for example, it may be being fixedly connected, be also possible to detachable
Connection, or be integrally connected；It can be directly connected, can also can be in two elements indirectly connected through an intermediary
The connection in portion.For the ordinary skill in the art, above-mentioned term can be understood in the present invention with concrete condition
In the description of the embodiments of the present invention, particular features, structures, materials, or characteristics can be any one
It can be combined in any suitable manner in a or multiple embodiment or examples.
In the description of the embodiments of the present invention, it is to be understood that "-" and "~" indicate be two values it
Same range, and the range includes endpoint.Such as:" A-B " indicates to be greater than or equal to A, and is less than or equal to the range of B."A
~B " indicates to be greater than or equal to A, and is less than or equal to the range of B.
In the description of the embodiments of the present invention, the terms "and/or", a kind of only description affiliated partner
Incidence relation, indicate may exist three kinds of relationships, for example, A and/or B, can indicate：Individualism A, exists simultaneously A and B,
These three situations of individualism B.In addition, character "/" herein, typicallys represent the relationship that forward-backward correlation object is a kind of "or".
While there has been shown and described that the embodiments of the present invention, for the ordinary skill in the art,
It is understood that these embodiments can be carried out with a variety of variations in the case where not departing from the principles of the present invention and spirit, repaired
Change, replacement and variant, the scope of the utility model is defined by the appended claims and the equivalents thereof.