CN208084175U - A kind of sandblasting dust exhaust apparatus for long pole - Google Patents

A kind of sandblasting dust exhaust apparatus for long pole Download PDF

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Publication number
CN208084175U
CN208084175U CN201820577850.1U CN201820577850U CN208084175U CN 208084175 U CN208084175 U CN 208084175U CN 201820577850 U CN201820577850 U CN 201820577850U CN 208084175 U CN208084175 U CN 208084175U
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Prior art keywords
driving cylinder
workbench
sandblasting
driving
long pole
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CN201820577850.1U
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Inventor
邓帮华
肖俊钧
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Dezhou Zhang Yuan Spray Technology Co Ltd
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Dezhou Zhang Yuan Spray Technology Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model is related to a kind of sandblasting dust exhaust apparatuses for long pole, including workbench, pumping dirt case, dust suction holder;Wherein, turntable support is set on the left of the workbench;The turntable support is equipped with speed regulating motor, chuck;Right side is equipped with tip holder on the workbench, and the tip holder is equipped with rolling center, driving cylinder I;The dust suction branch is provided with driving cylinder II, and bottom is equipped with roller II, and lower section ground is equipped with guide rail II;The pumping dirt case is fixed on the dust suction holder, including openable upper box lid and lower case lid, and rear wall is equipped with guide runner;Air hose is equipped at the top of the upper box lid, nowel base portion is equipped with sand export.Which solves the excessive problems of sandblasting dust pelletizing system energy consumption in the prior art, have positive technical meaning.

Description

A kind of sandblasting dust exhaust apparatus for long pole
Technical field
The utility model is related to a kind of sandblasting dust exhaust apparatuses for long pole, belong to technical field of material surface treatment.
Background technology
In carrying out finishing process to part, it is often necessary to be roughened to workpiece surface using sandblasting.Wherein, right The sandblasting of long pole is processed, and is to fix that sand-blasting gun on a robotic arm is horizontal back and forth to be moved with two-dimentional machinery hand-motion under normal conditions It is dynamic, while the long pole that the spout alignment of sand-blasting gun is rotating carries out sandblasting roughening.
Since the length of these long poles is often longer, in order to all carry out sandblasting roughening, sand-blasting gun to long pole surface Need to do the movement of long range.It will produce a large amount of dust in sandblasting procedures, these dust have to by ventilation and dust removal system System processing can be only achieved safety dumping standard;Ventilation and dust removal system common at present is fixed bell-type system, use and workpiece The suction opening of length cooperation;The dust generated when long pole sandblasting will effectively be taken away, the suction opening to match therewith It being also sized to be made long, the power of only exhausting motor in this way could generate enough negative pressure when very big and take dust away, This will greatly increase the power consumption of dust pelletizing system.
Therefore, while keeping good dust removing effects, how to reduce the electric energy loss of cleaner becomes current stock Part blasting craft needs a major issue urgently to be resolved hurrily.
Invention content
In the prior art, it is the dust removing effects for ensureing when carrying out sandblasting to long pole, there are electric energy to disappear for sandblasting dust exhaust apparatus Consume big problem;To solve this problem, the utility model provides a kind of sandblasting dust exhaust apparatus for long pole, and use is following Technical solution:
A kind of sandblasting dust exhaust apparatus for long pole, which is characterized in that including workbench, take out dirt case, dust suction holder;
Wherein, the workbench is L-shaped, and left end vertical section is turntable support;Speed governing is equipped on the left of the turntable support Motor, right side are equipped with the chuck driven by speed regulating motor;Right end is equipped with tip holder, the tip holder bottom on the workbench Workbench bottom surface is fixed in portion, and left side is equipped with rotatable rolling center, and right side is equipped with the driving cylinder I of driving rolling center;Institute Rolling center is stated to overlap with the axis of chuck and in level;The workbench bottom is equipped with roller I, and ground is equipped with and roller I The guide rail I of the left and right directions of cooperation;
Dust suction holder rear side side is equipped with perpendicular to the driving cylinder II for waiting for sandblasting long pole, and bottom is equipped with roller II, under Square ground is equipped with the guide rail in the front-back direction II coordinated with roller II;External fixation machine is fixed in the distal end of the driving cylinder II On frame;
The pumping dirt case is hollow structure, and the dust suction holder is fixed in rear side side, including openable upper box lid is under Case lid;The upper box lid is respectively equipped with the semicircle orifice that position is consistent with the junction at left and right sides of lower case lid, and the semicircle orifice is straight Diameter, which is more than, waits for sandblasting long pole diameter;The dirt case rear wall of taking out is equipped with the guide runner for stretching into and moving horizontally for sand-blasting gun;Institute It states and is equipped with air hose at the top of upper box lid, the air hose connects ventilation and dust removal system;Nowel base portion be equipped with sand export, it is described go out Sand mouth connects antiquated sand screening system.
Preferably, it is round, rectangular or rectangle funnel that at the top of the upper box lid and nowel base portion, which all has cross section, Shape structure.
Or it is preferred, the upper box lid top is equipped with the driving cylinder III for driving folding, driving cylinder III and the dust suction Frame upper connects;The lower case lid lower part is equipped with the driving cylinder IV for driving folding, driving cylinder IV and the dust suction holder Lower part connects.
Or it is preferred, the driving cylinder I, driving cylinder II, driving cylinder III, driving cylinder IV are cylinder or hydraulic cylinder.
Or it is preferred, the semicircle orifice is equipped with slide guide groove edge for closed palm fiber brush.
Or it is preferred, the tip holder is L-shaped, and bottom is to be bolted workbench bottom;Workbench bottom edge Long pole axial direction is provided with the slot for bolt sliding.
Or it is preferred, the workbench is equipped with the motor of driving roller I.
The utility model has the following advantages that:
(1)The design for taking out dirt case is used in the utility model, long pole carries out sandblasting roughening operation in taking out dirt case;By In taking out dirt case small volume, the bore of corresponding suction opening greatly reduces, this to generate same negative pressure, the motor of required exhausting Power substantially reduces, to significantly reduce the consumption of electric energy;
(2)In the utility model, dirt case small volume is taken out, when being operated to long pole, then need not be reconfigured and involve great expense And the sand blasting room taken up a large area, cost of reducing investment outlay.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the embodiments of the present invention structural schematic diagram;
Wherein:1. speed regulating motor, 2. turntable supports, 3. chucks, 4. roller Is, 5. workbench, 6. guide rails I, 7. long poles, 8. sand export, 9. times case lids, 10. take out dirt case, and 11. upper box lids, 12. guide runners, 13. sand-blasting guns, 14. air hoses, 15. inhale Dirt holder, 16. driving cylinders III, 17. driving cylinders II, 18. palm fiber brushes, 19. semicircle orifices, 20. driving cylinders IV, 21. idler wheels II, 22. guide rails II, 23. rolling centers, 24. tip holders, 25. driving cylinders I.
Specific implementation mode
The utility model is further illustrated with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples.
As shown in Figure 1, the present embodiment is a kind of sandblasting dust exhaust apparatus for long pole, including workbench 5, pumping dirt case 10, dust suction holder 15;
Wherein, the workbench 5 is L-shaped, and left end vertical section is turntable support 2;2 left side of the turntable support, which is equipped with, adjusts Speed motor 1, right side are equipped with the chuck 3 driven by speed regulating motor 1.Chuck 3 can be used for being clamped the end of long pole 7, it can also be used to Back dead centre is clamped.
7 one or both ends face of long pole to be processed is equipped with centre bore, for the top positioning in clamping and withstands.If The end of long pole 7 is also required to sandblasting roughening, then the back dead centre that same diameter is clamped by chuck 3 withstands 7 left part of long pole, and It is positioned by centre bore, frictionally drives long pole 7 to rotate.If you do not need to it is thick to carry out sandblasting to the end of long pole 7 Change, then the end of the clamping of chuck 3 long pole 7 can drive long pole 7 to rotate.In the present embodiment, it is set as the end of long pole 7 Portion does not need sandblasting, is directly clamped with chuck 3.
Right end is equipped with tip holder 24 on the workbench 5;5 bottom surface of workbench is fixed in 24 bottom of the tip holder, Left side is equipped with rotatable rolling center 23, and right side is equipped with the driving cylinder I 25 of driving rolling center 23;The rolling center 23 with Both axis of chuck 3 are overlapped and in being in level, can be stretched under the action of driving cylinder I 25, and can be with long pole 7 Rotation.,
5 bottom of the workbench is equipped with roller I 4, and ground is equipped with the guide rail I 6 of the left and right directions coordinated with roller I 4.
Rolling center 23 and by speed regulating motor 1 drive chuck 3 belong to common structure in the prior art, it is specific Structure is not belonging to the utility model innovative point, need not be described in detail.
The 15 rear side side of dust suction holder is equipped with perpendicular to the driving cylinder II 17 for waiting for sandblasting long pole 7, and bottom is equipped with idler wheel Ⅱ21;Lower section ground is equipped with the guide rail in the front-back direction II 22 coordinated with roller II 21;The distal end of the driving cylinder II 21 is fixed In on external fixed frame;The guide rail II 22 is vertical but non-intersecting with guide rail I 6.Dust suction holder 15 can be in driving cylinder II 17 Under the action of drive and take out dirt case 10 and do moving forward and backward perpendicular to 7 direction of long pole together.The pumping dirt case 10 is in front-rear direction On size, following condition need to be met:Can be disjoint in guide rail II 22 and guide rail I 6, roller II 21, which drives to, to be led II 22 top of rail or before, you can so that taking out dirt case 10 reaches operating position;To avoid guide rail II 22 mutually relevant with guide rail I 6 The case where relating to.
The pumping dirt case 10 is hollow structure, and the dust suction holder 15, including openable upper box lid are fixed in rear side side 11 and lower case lid 9;The upper box lid 11 is respectively equipped with the semicircle orifice 19 that position is consistent with the junction of 9 left and right sides of lower case lid, Upper and lower two semicircle orifices 19 form the circle of a receiving long pole 7;19 diameter of the semicircle orifice, which is more than, waits for that sandblasting long pole 7 is straight Diameter;10 rear wall of dirt case of taking out is equipped with the guide runner 12 stretched into for sand-blasting gun 13;The semicircle orifice 19 and 12 edge of guide runner are equal Equipped with for closed palm fiber brush 18, the palm fiber brush 18 closes the gap around long pole 7 and sand-blasting gun 13, reduces outside sand dust Let out pollution.When sandblasting, sand-blasting gun 13 horizontally slips under the driving of speed adjusting gear along guide runner 12, the muzzle center of sand-blasting gun 13 The center of horizontal aligument long pole 7, and keep vertical with long pole 7.Sand-blasting gun 13 and drive its move driving walking mechanism, Speed adjusting gear is known elements in the prior art, is not necessarily to change it in the embodiment of the utility model, therefore directly answers With being not described any further.
11 top of the upper box lid is equipped with air hose 14, and the air hose 14 connects ventilation and dust removal system, the dust that sandblasting generates Dust pelletizing system is drawn by air hose 14 to be handled;9 bottom of lower case lid is equipped with sand export 8, and the sand export 8 connects antiquated sand Screening system, screening system by after broken fine sand sub-sieve, it can be achieved that the recycling of sand.The ventilation and dust removal system with it is useless Sand screening system all uses in the prior art, and is the related system other than the dust exhaust apparatus range listed by the present embodiment, It is not the improvement part of the utility model, the utility model is directly continued to use, therefore need not be described in detail.
It is round, rectangular or rectangle funnel-form knot that 11 top of the upper box lid and lower 9 bottom of case lid, which are equipped with cross section, Structure, the air hose 14 and sand export 8 are respectively located at the bottom of funnel-shaped structure, are conducive to the discharge of sand dust and sand grains.
11 top edge of the upper box lid is hinged with dust suction holder 15, and 11 top of upper box lid is equipped with the drive for driving folding Dynamic cylinder III 16, III 16 other end of driving cylinder is with 15 top of dust suction holder with hinge connection;It, can when driving cylinder III 16 is flexible Make upper box lid 11 overturn around hinge point to open and close;When driving cylinder III 16 stretches in place, upper box lid 11 closes completely with lower case lid 9 It closes.
9 lower edge of lower case lid is hinged with dust suction holder 15, and lower part is equipped with driving cylinder IV 20, and driving cylinder IV 20 is another End is with 15 lower part of dust suction holder with hinge connection;When driving cylinder IV 20 is flexible, lower case lid 9 can be made to be overturn around hinge point Folding;When driving cylinder IV 20 stretches in place, lower case lid 9 is closed completely with upper box lid 11.
The driving cylinder I 25, driving cylinder II 17, driving cylinder III 16, driving cylinder IV 20 are cylinder or hydraulic cylinder.
The tip holder 24 is L-shaped, and bottom is to be bolted 5 bottom of workbench;5 bottom of the workbench is along long pole 7 axial directions are provided with the slot for bolt sliding;Because rolling center 23 stretches, stroke is limited, this design, Neng Goufang Just the distance that tip holder 24 arrives turntable support 2 is adjusted, the rod like parts 7 of different length can be readily applied to.
Using the sandblasting dust collection method of sandblasting dust exhaust apparatus described in the present embodiment, include the following steps:
Step 1 workpiece and device are in place:
One end of 1-1 long poles 7 is clamped by chuck 3, the rolling center that the centre bore of the other end is driven by driving cylinder I 25 23 withstand, and ensure long pole 7 is in level;
1-2 moves workbench 5 along guide rail I 6 so that the left side of tip holder 24 and the right side of pumping dirt case 10 are apart 10cm or so;
1-3 driving cylinders III 16 and driving cylinder IV 20 respectively drive case lid 11 and 9 up and down and open;
1-4 driving cylinders II 17 drive dust suction holder 15 to drive and take out dirt case 10 to close to the movement of the direction of long pole 7 so that The semicircle orifices 19 of 10 both sides of dirt case is taken out to the position coaxial with long pole 7;
1-5 driving cylinders III 16 and driving cylinder IV 20 respectively drive upper box lid 11 and lower case lid 9 is closed;
1-6 opens the driving walking mechanism of sand-blasting gun 13, and sand-blasting gun 13 is made to stretch into guide runner 12 and the pole in rightmost Extreme position, the center of the muzzle central horizontal alignment long pole 7 of sand-blasting gun 13, and keep vertical with long pole 7.;
Step 2 sandblasting cleaning operation:
2-1 starts the ventilation and dust removal system being connect with pumping 10 top air hose 14 of dirt case, starts and shakes out with 10 lower part of pumping dirt case The connected antiquated sand screening systems of mouth 8;
2-2 starts speed regulating motor 1 and long pole 7 is driven to rotate;
2-3 opens sand-blasting gun 13 and carries out sandblasting(The air pressure of sandblasting is 0.4-0.6MPa, and sand used is 16-60 mesh Brown Alundum or white fused alumina), meanwhile, start workbench 5 and move right, until chuck 3 is at the left side 10cm for taking out dirt case 10;
2-4 stop tables 5 move horizontally, while the driving walking mechanism for opening sand-blasting gun 13 makes 13 edge of sand-blasting gun Horizontal direction moves downward(The movement speed of sand-blasting gun 13 is identical as the speed that workbench 5 moves), to the Far Left of long pole 7 One section carry out carry out sandblasting;
2-5 is when sand-blasting gun 13 moves to 12 left side extreme position of guide runner, stop motion;Meanwhile workbench 5 is whole It moves downward, carries out second of sandblasting;
2-6 cycles execute 2-3 to 2-5, until the roughness on 7 surface of long pole reaches requirement;
Step 3 operation is completed:
3-1 closes sand-blasting gun 13 and stops sandblasting;Speed regulating motor 1 is closed, the rotation of long pole 7 is stopped;Stop table 5 Movement, stop long pole 7 horizontal movement;Stop antiquated sand screening system;
The ventilation and dust removal system being connect with air hose 14 is closed after 3-2 about 5min so that take out the remaining sand and dust quilt in dirt case 10 Suction is clean;
3-3 makes driving cylinder III 16 and driving cylinder IV 20 act, and drives case lid opening up and down;Driving cylinder II 17 acts, driving Dust suction holder 15, which drives, takes out dirt case 10 to the direction movement far from long pole 7;
3-4 workbench 5 is moved horizontally with long pole 7 along guide rail I 6, moves into spray painting room, carries out subsequent processing.
In this dust exhaust apparatus and method, manual drive may be used in the movement of workbench 5, can also be in the rolling of workbench Wheel I be equipped with coaxial motor to drive, by control motor start and stop and positive and negative rotation come control workbench start and stop and The direction of motion.
The action of involved motor, driving cylinder in the present embodiment can be switched by manual control and realize control, also may be used Procedure auto-control is realized to be programmed by PLC;In the case where known action requires, motor, driving cylinder are moved using PLC It is controlled, need not be created, being those skilled in the art can be directly realized by.
The foregoing description of the disclosed embodiments enables professional and technical personnel in the field to realize or use this practicality new Type.A variety of modifications of embodiment will be apparent to those skilled in the art, it is as defined herein General Principle can be realized in other embodiments without departing from the spirit or scope of the present utility model, not given The part presented with partial enlargement is described in detail, is the prior art, herein without repeating.Therefore, the utility model will not It is intended to be limited to the embodiments shown herein, and is to fit to consistent with principles disclosed herein and feature widest Range.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of sandblasting dust exhaust apparatus for long pole, which is characterized in that including workbench(5), take out dirt case(10), dust suction branch Frame(15);
Wherein, the workbench(5)For L-shaped, left end vertical section is turntable support(2);The turntable support(2)Left side is equipped with Speed regulating motor(1), right side is equipped with by speed regulating motor(1)The chuck of driving(3);The workbench(5)Upper right end is equipped with top branch Frame(24), the tip holder(24)Workbench is fixed in bottom(5)Bottom surface, left side are equipped with rotatable rolling center(23), Right side is equipped with driving rolling center(23)Driving cylinder I(25);The rolling center(23)With chuck(3)Axis, overlap and In level;The workbench(5)Bottom is equipped with roller I(4), ground is equipped with and roller I(4)The guide rail of the left and right directions of cooperation Ⅰ(6);
The dust suction holder(15)Rear side side is equipped with perpendicular to waiting for sandblasting long pole(7)Driving cylinder II(17), bottom is equipped with rolling Wheel II(21), lower section ground is equipped with and roller II(21)The guide rail in the front-back direction II of cooperation(22);The driving cylinder II(17) Distal end be fixed on external fixed frame;
The pumping dirt case(10)For hollow structure, the dust suction holder is fixed in rear side side(15), including openable upper box lid (11)With lower case lid(9);The upper box lid(11)With lower case lid(9)The junction of the left and right sides is respectively equipped with half that position is consistent Circular hole(19), the semicircle orifice(19)Diameter, which is more than, waits for sandblasting long pole(7)Diameter;The pumping dirt case(10)Rear wall is equipped with for spray Sand rifle(13)The guide runner for stretching into and moving horizontally(12);The upper box lid(11)Top is equipped with connection ventilation and dust removal system Air hose(14);The lower case lid(9)Bottom is equipped with the sand export of connection antiquated sand screening system(8).
2. sandblasting dust exhaust apparatus according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the upper box lid(11)Top and lower case lid (9)It is round, rectangular or rectangle funnel-shaped structure that bottom, which all has cross section,.
3. sandblasting dust exhaust apparatus according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the upper box lid(11)Top is equipped with for driving The driving cylinder III of dynamic folding(16), driving cylinder III(16)With the dust suction holder(15)Top connects;The lower case lid(9)Lower part Equipped with the driving cylinder IV for driving folding(20), driving cylinder IV(20)With the dust suction holder(15)Lower part connects.
4. sandblasting dust exhaust apparatus according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the driving cylinder I(25), driving cylinder II (17), driving cylinder III(16), driving cylinder IV(20)For cylinder or hydraulic cylinder.
5. sandblasting dust exhaust apparatus according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the semicircle orifice(19)With guide runner(12)Side Edge is equipped with for closed palm fiber brush(18).
6. sandblasting dust exhaust apparatus according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the tip holder(24)For L-shaped, bottom with It is bolted workbench(5)Bottom;The workbench(5)Bottom is along long pole(7)Axial direction is provided with to be slided for the bolt Dynamic slot.
7. sandblasting dust exhaust apparatus according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the workbench(5)Equipped with driving roller I (4)Motor.
CN201820577850.1U 2018-04-23 2018-04-23 A kind of sandblasting dust exhaust apparatus for long pole Active CN208084175U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820577850.1U CN208084175U (en) 2018-04-23 2018-04-23 A kind of sandblasting dust exhaust apparatus for long pole

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820577850.1U CN208084175U (en) 2018-04-23 2018-04-23 A kind of sandblasting dust exhaust apparatus for long pole

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Publication Number Publication Date
CN208084175U true CN208084175U (en) 2018-11-13

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CN201820577850.1U Active CN208084175U (en) 2018-04-23 2018-04-23 A kind of sandblasting dust exhaust apparatus for long pole

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110370173A (en) * 2019-06-21 2019-10-25 安徽机电职业技术学院 A kind of wave axis automatically grinding equipment

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110370173A (en) * 2019-06-21 2019-10-25 安徽机电职业技术学院 A kind of wave axis automatically grinding equipment
CN110370173B (en) * 2019-06-21 2021-08-13 安徽机电职业技术学院 Automatic equipment of polishing of wave axle

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