CN207981432U - A kind of hydrocarbon-type oil is modified the device of the preparation miscellaneous Polar Collectors of low order coal slime - Google Patents

A kind of hydrocarbon-type oil is modified the device of the preparation miscellaneous Polar Collectors of low order coal slime Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207981432U
CN207981432U CN201820088348.4U CN201820088348U CN207981432U CN 207981432 U CN207981432 U CN 207981432U CN 201820088348 U CN201820088348 U CN 201820088348U CN 207981432 U CN207981432 U CN 207981432U
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China
Prior art keywords
hydrocarbon
type oil
reaction chamber
output end
low order
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201820088348.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
胥萌
王大鹏
李琛光
张旭升
陆荟颖
陈林浩
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China University of Mining and Technology CUMT
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China University of Mining and Technology CUMT
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Priority to CN201820088348.4U priority Critical patent/CN207981432U/en
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Abstract

The utility model provides a kind of hydrocarbon-type oil and is modified the device for preparing the miscellaneous Polar Collectors of low order coal slime, including air pump, flowmeter, place hydrocarbon-type oil collecting agent into medicine device, plasma generator, reaction chamber;The reaction chamber is set between the positive high voltage pole plate of plasma generator and negative high voltage pole plate, the lower medium plate earthing of reaction chamber;The output end of the air pump is connected with the input terminal of flowmeter;It the output end of the flowmeter and is connect respectively with the input terminal of reaction chamber into the output end of medicine device;In the reaction chamber, air is ionized to air plasma, and hydrocarbon-type oil collecting agent generates miscellaneous Polar Collectors with air plasma precursor reactant;The output end delivery air and miscellaneous Polar Collectors of the reaction chamber.Miscellaneous polar pharmaceutical agent prepared by the utility model can be such that floatation clean coal yield is substantially improved in the case where not influencing quality of cleaned coal, and prepare simple, it is easy to accomplish, operating cost is low, safe.

Description

A kind of hydrocarbon-type oil is modified the device of the preparation miscellaneous Polar Collectors of low order coal slime
Technical field
The utility model is related to low order coal slime collecting agent preparing technical fields, are particularly suitable for hydrocarbon-type oil and are modified preparation low order The device of the miscellaneous Polar Collectors of coal slime.
Background technology
Low order coal slime is the microfine coal resources of generation during steam coal separation, is produced per year with the estimation roughly of yield 10% Amount is at 200,000,000 tons or so.But at present mainly with mix mixed coal sale or stockpiling based on.Simultaneously generate electricity, the raw material lump coal of coal chemical industry must It must be used after powder processed, the direct production cost for using upgrading low order coal slime that can not only save 10% can also simplify technique and match It sets.It is significant for raising resource utilization reduction power generation, coal chemical industry cost to develop the efficient method for upgrading of low order coal slime.
Flotation is the maturation of low order coal slime upgrading, effective ways, utilizes organic matter and inanimate matter moistened surface sex differernce reality Now detach.But since low-order coal surface texture is complicated, there are a large amount of oxygen-containing functional group, hydrophilic region is more cause it is conventional with Non-polar group is that the hydrocarbon-type oil collecting agent of active structure is difficult to effectively adsorb on low order coal slime surface.It is ideal floating in order to obtain Index is selected, needs that big medicament collecting agent is added, usual dosing is even higher all in 10kg/t or more, leads to flotation cost It sharply increases.
In order to improve the performance of conventional hydrocarbon oil collecting agent, researcher has carried out a large amount of medicament developments.It is main logical Cross conventional hydrocarbon oil is mixed by stirring with non polar reagent, distill condensation etc. modes compound, improve collecting agent and exist The adsorbance on low-order coal surface achieves preferable effect.But the preparation process of compound drug is complicated, medicament kind is complicated and with Based on simple compounding, while medicament higher price used, it needs further to explore efficient preparation method.It is existing to research and propose Miscellaneous Polar Collectors are prepared with plasma, and the device for preparing this medicament generates not yet, it is contemplated that low order coal slime is floating The weak outstanding problem of the conventional collecting agent recycling ability of choosing develops the device that efficient, low cost prepares miscellaneous polar pharmaceutical agent, for realizing High-qualityization of low order coal slime utilizes particularly significant.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is the shortcoming for hydro carbons oil flotation low-order coal mud, provides a kind of hydrocarbon-type oil modification Prepare the device of the miscellaneous Polar Collectors of low order coal slime.It is raw material only with conventional hydrocarbon-based oil collecting agent, under plasma environment Excitation is lower to generate miscellaneous polar group, prepares the miscellaneous Polar Collectors being adapted to low order coal slime surface texture, realizes the height of low-order coal Imitate upgrading.
To achieve the above object, the utility model adopts the following technical solution:
A kind of hydrocarbon-type oil is modified the device of the preparation miscellaneous Polar Collectors of low order coal slime, including air pump, flowmeter, placement hydrocarbon Class oil collecting agent into medicine device, plasma generator, lower dielectric-slab;The lower dielectric-slab is horizontally placed on plasma Between the upper and lower horizontally disposed positive high voltage pole plate and negative high voltage pole plate of device;The lower medium plate earthing, top are equipped with side wall, Lower dielectric-slab and side wall constitute reaction chamber;The output end of the air pump is connected with the input terminal of flowmeter;The flowmeter It output end and is connect respectively with the input terminal of reaction chamber into the output end of medicine device;In the reaction chamber, air is ionized to sky Gas plasma, hydrocarbon-type oil collecting agent generate miscellaneous Polar Collectors with air plasma precursor reactant;The output end of the reaction chamber Output gas and miscellaneous Polar Collectors.
Further, further include upper dielectric-slab, the upper dielectric-slab is horizontally placed between reaction chamber and positive high voltage pole plate.
Further, the material of the upper and lower dielectric-slab is high purity quartz.
Further, the hydrocarbon-type oil collecting agent in the device into medicine enters reaction chamber by gravity flow or peristaltic pump.
Further, the reaction chamber output end is separately connected tank and pharmacy jar, and the gas for reacting generation is passed through Tank, the miscellaneous Polar Collectors for reacting generation are passed through pharmacy jar.
Further, the running parameter of the plasma generator is that voltage 50V-100V is adjustable, power 100W- 200W is adjustable.
Advantageous effect:The utility model is directed to the shortcoming of low-rank coal flotation for hydrocarbon-type oil, is suitable for hydrocarbon-type oil It is modified to prepare the miscellaneous Polar Collectors of low order coal slime, conventional hydrocarbon oil is introduced to abundant polar group under normal pressure, normal temperature condition, Improve agent activity and collecting ability.Its structural approach is simple, it is easy to accomplish, small investment occupies little space, safe, fortune Row expense is low, has wide applicability.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the utility model.
Specific implementation mode
Further explanation is done to the utility model below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
As shown in Figure 1, hydrocarbon-type oil described in the utility model is modified the device for preparing the miscellaneous Polar Collectors of low order coal slime, packet Include air pump 7, flowmeter 6, into medicine device 5, plasma generator 8, reaction chamber 11;The output end of air pump 7 and flowmeter 6 Input terminal connects, the output end of flowmeter 6 and the input terminal for passing through three connecting legs and reaction chamber 11 into the output end of medicine device 5 Connection, the pipeline between flowmeter 6 and reaction chamber 11 are equipped with valve 2, are equipped with into the pipeline between medicine device 5 and reaction chamber 11 The output end of valve 1, reaction chamber 11 connects three connecting legs, controls outlet and drug, discharge by valve 3 and valve 4 respectively Air and miscellaneous Polar Collectors each lead into tank 9 and pharmacy jar 10.Reactor 11 is by lower dielectric-slab and side wall When the open containers of composition, single dielectric barrier discharge is constituted, upper dielectric-slab is set above above-mentioned open containers, then constitutes double media Barrier discharge.The lower medium plate earthing of reactor 11.
Before preparing medicament, ensure that each valve is closed, when preparing medicament, opens valve 1, it will be into medicine device 5 Nonpolar collecting agent feed reaction chamber 11, notice that liquid level must not overflow across the air inlet of 11 side wall of reaction chamber.Close valve 1;Valve 3,2 is opened, air pump 7 is opened, is passed through air, it is 25L/ (min.m to adjust aeration quantity by flowmeter 62);Open etc. Plasma generator 8, adjusting output power are 100W, operating current 2A, prepare 4-9min, after the completion of preparation, close plasma Body generator 8 closes valve 3;Valve 4 is opened, the miscellaneous Polar Collectors prepared are drawn, stops air pump 7.
The opening sequence of valve is that valve opening door 1 is finished into medicine into medicine, and closing valve 1, valve opening door 3,2 starts to prepare, valve opening Door 3, preparation finishes, closing valve 3, valve opening door 4, and the medicament prepared is discharged, and closes valve 2.
The above is only the preferred embodiment of the utility model, it is noted that for the common skill of the art For art personnel, without departing from the principle of this utility model, several improvements and modifications can also be made, these improve and Retouching also should be regarded as the scope of protection of the utility model.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of hydrocarbon-type oil is modified the device for preparing the miscellaneous Polar Collectors of low order coal slime, which is characterized in that including air pump (7), Flowmeter (6), place hydrocarbon-type oil collecting agent into medicine device (5), plasma generator (8), lower dielectric-slab;The lower dielectric-slab It is horizontally placed between the upper and lower horizontally disposed positive high voltage pole plate of plasma generator (8) and negative high voltage pole plate;Under described Medium plate earthing, top are equipped with side wall, and lower dielectric-slab and side wall constitute reaction chamber (11);The output end of the air pump (7) It is connected with the input terminal of flowmeter (6);The output end of the flowmeter (6) and into medicine device (5) output end respectively with react The input terminal of chamber (11) connects;In the reaction chamber (11), air is ionized to air plasma, hydrocarbon-type oil collecting agent and sky Gas plasma reaction generates miscellaneous Polar Collectors;The output end output gas and miscellaneous Polar Collectors of the reaction chamber (11).
2. a kind of hydrocarbon-type oil according to claim 1 is modified the device for preparing the miscellaneous Polar Collectors of low order coal slime, feature It is, further includes upper dielectric-slab, the upper dielectric-slab is horizontally placed between reaction chamber (11) and positive high voltage pole plate.
3. a kind of hydrocarbon-type oil according to claim 2 is modified the device for preparing the miscellaneous Polar Collectors of low order coal slime, feature It is, the material of the upper and lower dielectric-slab is high purity quartz.
4. a kind of hydrocarbon-type oil according to claim 1 is modified the device for preparing the miscellaneous Polar Collectors of low order coal slime, feature It is, the hydrocarbon-type oil collecting agent in (5) into medicine device enters reaction chamber (11) by gravity flow or peristaltic pump.
5. a kind of hydrocarbon-type oil according to claim 1 is modified the device for preparing the miscellaneous Polar Collectors of low order coal slime, feature It is, reaction chamber (11) output end is separately connected tank (9) and pharmacy jar (10), and the gas for reacting generation is passed through storage Water container (9), the miscellaneous Polar Collectors for reacting generation are passed through pharmacy jar (10).
6. a kind of hydrocarbon-type oil according to claim 1 is modified the device for preparing the miscellaneous Polar Collectors of low order coal slime, feature It is, the running parameter of the plasma generator (8) is that voltage 50V-100V is adjustable, and power is that 100W-200W is adjustable.
CN201820088348.4U 2018-01-19 2018-01-19 A kind of hydrocarbon-type oil is modified the device of the preparation miscellaneous Polar Collectors of low order coal slime Expired - Fee Related CN207981432U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820088348.4U CN207981432U (en) 2018-01-19 2018-01-19 A kind of hydrocarbon-type oil is modified the device of the preparation miscellaneous Polar Collectors of low order coal slime

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820088348.4U CN207981432U (en) 2018-01-19 2018-01-19 A kind of hydrocarbon-type oil is modified the device of the preparation miscellaneous Polar Collectors of low order coal slime

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CN207981432U true CN207981432U (en) 2018-10-19

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110508403A (en) * 2019-08-26 2019-11-29 中国矿业大学 A kind of method of hydrogen, the combined reinforced coal slime flotation of oxygen plasma
CN114769007A (en) * 2022-03-08 2022-07-22 中国矿业大学 Method for preparing low-rank coal flotation reagent through compounding and modification

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110508403A (en) * 2019-08-26 2019-11-29 中国矿业大学 A kind of method of hydrogen, the combined reinforced coal slime flotation of oxygen plasma
CN110508403B (en) * 2019-08-26 2022-02-15 中国矿业大学 Method for strengthening coal slime flotation by combining hydrogen and oxygen plasmas
CN114769007A (en) * 2022-03-08 2022-07-22 中国矿业大学 Method for preparing low-rank coal flotation reagent through compounding and modification

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
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Granted publication date: 20181019

Termination date: 20200119