A kind of mechanical processing grinding device
The utility model is related to technical field of mechanical processing, specially a kind of mechanical processing grinding device.
Grinding is using coating or to be press-fitted the abrasive grain on lap tool, under pressure by lap tool and part
Relative motion complete the finishing of piece surface, Precision Machining, the abrasive working appts of existing cylindrical component are a needs
The part of grinding is arranged on the endoporus in part fixed frame, and part fixed mount setting is ground between two abrasive disks at two
Abrasive is added between mill, drive two grinding disc spins and pressurizes, coordinates abrasive pair zero by two abrasive discs
Processing part outer circle on part fixed frame is processed, and the debris that this grinding method generates in process of lapping directly falls in grinding
Disk needs to clear up entire abrasive disk when clearing up debris, and since abrasive disk is fixedly installed, it has not been convenient to clear up；If moreover,
Once the endoporus or abrasive disk large area of part fixed frame wear it is necessary to re-replace a whole set of grinding device, the whole series are shortened
The service life of grinding device, and existing grinding device needs to manufacture large batch of grinding sleeve to process the different size diameter of axle
Part, production cost are high.
Utility model content
The utility model being convenient to clean the slag generated when grinding in view of the above-mentioned problems of the prior art, offer is a kind of
Bits can grind the cylindrical component within the scope of certain size, extend the mechanical processing with long service life of a whole set of grinding device
In order to achieve the above object, the utility model is achieved by the following technical programs：A kind of mechanical processing grinding dress
It sets, including workbench, support plate, the middle part of the workbench is equipped with circular through hole, and the both sides of the circular through hole are respectively equipped with
Erecting bed, the erecting bed are equipped with the first cylinder, the both ends of the support plate respectively with the output end of first cylinder
Connection, the support plate are equipped with motor, and the output end of the motor is connected with top lap, the top lap by shaft
Being arranged right below under abrasive disk, the lower abrasive disk is equipped with several mounting grooves, is equipped with grinding groove on the mounting groove,
Be equipped with mounting base below the workbench, the mounting base is equipped with the second cylinder, the output end of second cylinder with it is described
The lower face of lower abrasive disk connects.
Further：The section of the top lap and the lower abrasive disk is rounded, there are four the mounting groove is set,
Four mounting groove circle distributions are in the upper surface of the lower abrasive disk, the section semicircular in shape structure of the mounting groove, institute
It states mounting groove both sides and is equipped with locating slot, the locating slot is equipped with the first connecting hole.
Further：The both sides of the section semicircular in shape structure of the grinding groove, the grinding groove are equipped with and the positioning
The connecting plate that slot matches, the connecting plate are equipped with the second connecting hole, and the grinding groove passes through the connecting plate and locating slot
Connection is mounted in the mounting groove.
Further：Angle between the center and the installation slot center of the lower abrasive disk is A, 7 °≤A≤14 °.
Further：There are two second cylinder is set, described two second cylinders are set to the lower grinding pan bottom
Further：The grinding groove is mounted on by screw in the mounting groove.
The beneficial effects of the utility model：
1. compared with prior art, being led on mounting groove by the way that four mounting grooves are arranged in the upper surface circumference of lower abrasive disk
It crosses screw and dismountable grinding groove is installed, in use, cylinder processing part is positioned on the grinding groove of lower abrasive disk, the
The lower abrasive disk of two cylinders driving rises in the circular through hole of workbench, and lower abrasive disk agrees with circular through hole, the first cylinder
Drive top lap to push, top lap and processing feature contacts, motor made to drive top lap rotation, using top lap and
Grinding groove on lower abrasive disk, which cooperates, is ground processing part outer round surface, when top lap rotates, under drive
Processing part on abrasive disk in grinding groove rotates in grinding groove, to reduce the roughness of processing part outer round surface, adds
The debris that work part generates in process of lapping is fallen in grinding groove, when clearing up debris, is unscrewed screw using tool, will be ground
Slot is removed out of lower abrasive disk mounting groove, is convenient to clean debris, and need not clear up entire abrasive disk, is only needed clear
Manage grinding groove；And any grinding groove less than mounting groove size can be installed in mounting groove, it is being changed without a whole set of grinding device
Under the premise of, the processing part of sizes can be processed by only needing to change grinding groove, and when grinding groove is worn, is only needed to change and ground
Slot grinding need not replace a whole set of grinding device, extend the service life of a whole set of grinding device, reduce production cost.
2. the center of lower abrasive disk and the angle of installation slot center are A, 7 °≤A≤14 °, within the scope of this eccentric angle,
The uniformity of processing part outer round surface grinding can be improved.
Description of the drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the utility model one；
Fig. 2 is the utility model structure diagram two；
Fig. 3 is lower abrasive disc structure schematic diagram；
Fig. 4 is installation slot structure schematic diagram；
Fig. 5 is grinding slot structure schematic diagram.
In figure：1 workbench, 11 circular through holes, 12 mounting bases, 13 supporting rods, 2 support plates, 3 erecting beds, 41 first cylinders,
42 second cylinders, 5 motors, 51 shafts, 52 terminal pads, 61 top laps, 62 times abrasive disks, 621 mounting grooves, 622 locating slots,
623 first connecting holes, 7 grinding grooves, 71 connecting plates, 72 second connecting holes, 8 processing parts.
Specific implementation mode
The following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, carries out the technical scheme in the embodiment of the utility model
Clearly and completely describe, it is clear that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the utility model, rather than whole
Embodiment.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are without making creative work
The every other embodiment obtained, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
As Figure 1-Figure 5 a kind of mechanical processing grinding device example structure schematic diagram is provided for the utility model：Packet
Workbench 1, support plate 2 are included, the middle part of workbench 1 is equipped with circular through hole 11, and the both sides of circular through hole 11 are respectively equipped with erecting bed
3, erecting bed 3 is equipped with the first cylinder 41, the both ends connection with the output end of the first cylinder 41 respectively of support plate 2, support plate 2
It is equipped with motor 5, the model of motor 5：The output end of GV18-200-3SAB, motor 5 are connected with top lap by shaft 51
61, the lower end of shaft 51 is fixedly connected by terminal pad 52 with the upper surface of top lap 61, and the underface of top lap 61 is set
There are lower abrasive disk 62, lower abrasive disk 62 to be equipped with several mounting grooves 621, grinding groove 7, workbench 1 are installed on mounting groove 621
Lower section is equipped with mounting base 12, and mounting base 12 is fixedly connected with the ground by bolt, and mounting base 12 is equipped with the second cylinder 42, and first
The model of cylinder 41 and the second cylinder 42 is：QGD-L, the output end of the second cylinder 42 and the lower face of lower abrasive disk 62 connect
It connects, 12 both ends of mounting base are respectively equipped with supporting rod 13, and the top of supporting rod 13 is connect with the bottom of workbench 1, top lap 61
Rounded with the section of lower abrasive disk 62, there are four mounting groove 621 is set, four 621 circle distributions of mounting groove are in lower abrasive disk
62 upper surface, the section semicircular in shape structure of mounting groove 621,621 both sides of mounting groove are equipped with locating slot 622, on locating slot 622
Both sides equipped with the first connecting hole 623, the section semicircular in shape structure of grinding groove 7, grinding groove 7 are equipped with and 622 phase of locating slot
The connecting plate 71 matched, connecting plate 71 are equipped with the second connecting hole 72, and grinding groove 7 connect peace by connecting plate 71 with locating slot 622
In mounting groove 621, grinding groove 7 is mounted on by screw in the mounting groove 621；When work, according to the ruler of processing part 8
The grinding groove 7 that the selection of very little size matches with processing part 8, by 7 liang of side connecting plates 71 of grinding groove the second connecting hole 72 with
The first connecting hole 623 on the locating slot 622 of 621 both sides of mounting groove of lower abrasive disk 62 is mutually aligned, and will be ground by screw
Slot 7 is firm in the mounting groove 621 of lower abrasive disk 62, and any diameter dimension or length dimension can be installed in mounting groove 621
Less than the grinding groove 7 of mounting groove 621 so that grinding device only need to change grinding groove 7 in advance under, can process a variety of
The cylindrical processing part 8 of size, reduces production cost；After installing grinding groove 7, abrasive is coated on grinding groove 7, the
Abrasive disk 62 rises in the circular through hole 11 of workbench 1 under the driving of two cylinders 42, and lower abrasive disk 62 and 11 phase of circular through hole
Agree with, the first cylinder 41 drives support plate 2 to decline, and support plate 2 drives top lap 61 to push, and makes top lap 61 and processing zero
Part 8 contact, by adjust the first cylinder 41 fall come adjust top lap 61 grind when pressure, motor 5 drive on
Abrasive disk 61 rotate, abrasive disk 61 rotation drive grinding groove 7 in processing part 8 rotate, processing part 8 top lap 61,
Under the action of grinding groove 7 and abrasive, so that 8 surfacing of processing part is uniformly removed, obtain good flatness；Due to processing
The rotation in the grinding groove 7 of part 8, the debris that when grinding generates is fallen in grinding groove 7, when clearing up debris, using tool by screw
Unscrew, grinding groove 7 is disassembled out of lower abrasive disk 61 mounting groove 621, the debris being convenient to clean in grinding groove 7, when grinding
When slot grinding 621 is worn, grinding groove 7 is only needed to change, a whole set of grinding device need not be replaced, extends the use of package unit
Service life reduces production cost.
The center of lower abrasive disk 62 and the angle at 621 center of mounting groove are A, 7 °≤A≤14 °, in the present embodiment A=
9 °, since grinding groove 7 is mounted in mounting groove 621, processing part 8 is placed in grinding groove 7, and the processing part 8 made is ground under
There are eccentricities for mill 62, and in the angular range of this eccentricity, improve the uniformity of processing 8 outer round surface of part grinding.
There are two second cylinder 42 is set, two the second cylinders 42 are set to 62 two bottom sides of lower abrasive disk.
Operation principle:Grinding groove 7 is bonded by screw in the mounting groove 621 of lower abrasive disk 62, in grinding groove 7
Processing part 8 is positioned in grinding groove 7 by interior coating abrasive, and the lower abrasive disk of the second cylinder 42 driving rises to workbench 1
In circular through hole 11, the first cylinder 41 drives support plate 2 to decline, and top lap 61 is driven to push and contacted with processing part 8, electricity
Machine 5 drives top lap 61 to rotate, and 61 rotation forces of top lap process the rotation in grinding groove 7 of part 8, to remove processing
The material of 8 outer round surface of part reduces the roughness of processing 8 outer round surface of part.
It, cannot the above content is specific preferred embodiment further detailed description of the utility model is combined
Assert that the specific implementation of the utility model is confined to these explanations.For the ordinary skill of the utility model technical field
For personnel, without departing from the concept of the premise utility, a number of simple deductions or replacements can also be made, should all regard
To belong to the scope of protection of the utility model.