CN207727211U - A kind of rotatable poly- suede device of multistage spun for the poly- suede of super short-thin soft fiber - Google Patents

A kind of rotatable poly- suede device of multistage spun for the poly- suede of super short-thin soft fiber Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207727211U
CN207727211U CN201721820646.XU CN201721820646U CN207727211U CN 207727211 U CN207727211 U CN 207727211U CN 201721820646 U CN201721820646 U CN 201721820646U CN 207727211 U CN207727211 U CN 207727211U
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poly
suede
cylinder
negative pressure
suede cylinder
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Inventor
张圣忠
周彬
樊理山
陈宏武
王曙东
王美红
王可
王慧玲
马倩
赵磊
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Yancheng Institute of Industry Technology
Yancheng Vocational Institute of Industry Technology
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Yancheng Vocational Institute of Industry Technology
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Abstract

The utility model provides a kind of rotatable poly- suede device of multistage spun for the poly- suede of super short-thin soft fiber, it is characterized in that including the first poly- suede cylinder, first poly- suede cylinder one end connects the first fixed rotating shaft, first fixed rotating shaft is installed in the first negative pressure chamber side and is connect with one end of the second poly- suede cylinder, the other end of second poly- suede cylinder connects the second fixed rotating shaft, second fixed rotating shaft is installed in the intermediate common part of the first negative pressure chamber and the second negative pressure chamber and is connect with one end of the poly- suede cylinder of third, the other end of the poly- suede cylinder of third connects third fixed rotating shaft, third fixed rotating shaft is installed in the side of the second negative pressure chamber.The beneficial effects of the utility model are that its is simple in structure, easy to operate.This equipment can be used for various super short-thin soft fibers and carry out poly- suede spinning, and maximum feature is:It is efficient, technology controlling and process point is few, save production cost for spinning enterprise, the super short-thins soft fibers such as optimum use kapok, fuds fuddled, noil, circular regeneration cotton, the present apparatus is formed poly- suede spinning the advantages of taking into account compact spinning and Revolving cup spinning.

Description

A kind of rotatable poly- suede device of multistage spun for the poly- suede of super short-thin soft fiber
Technical field
The utility model is related to textile technology field, especially a kind of multistage spun for the poly- suede of super short-thin soft fiber can revolve Turn poly- suede device.
Background technology
The processing technology of super short-thin soft fiber yarn essentially consist in short length, low strong fiber Spinning process, especially As the functional environmentally protective fiber such as kapok, organic cotton, because its length is shorter, intensity is relatively low, there is difficult with traditional ring spinning With the neck bottle problem individually spinned, and never by development and application well, the super short-thins such as kapok, organic cotton, combing fuds fuddled The development and application of the poly- suede Spinning process of soft fiber and products thereof advantageously account for the nervous shortage of natural fiber, can realize wool spinning The abundant application of the leftover bits and pieces combing fuds fuddled of enterprise and ultrashort fine and soft kapok is conducive to the added value for improving textile, is conducive to The international competitiveness for improving textile Industry of China, is conducive to the sustainable development of enterprise.It may advantageously facilitate the kapok kind of southwest The development of industry is planted, the nervous shortage of natural fiber is solved, there is significant economic benefit and social benefit.Product can be widely used for needle Knit the medium-to-high grade clothes such as underwear, cold-proof underwear, sweatshirt, woven leisure coat, hosiery, bedding and home textile fabric field.
It is especially functional ultrashort fine and soft for various super short-thin soft fibers in today that market resource day is becoming tight Fiber can't be made full use of at present by market, even if being used in the long flow processing of cotton system, super short-thin soft fiber Highest content only have raising by a small margin, most of super short-thin soft fiber necessary in opening picking, cotton carding and its combing process To become noil, otherwise enter in later process such as drafting, rove, spinning process, can not be successfully realization drawing-off, ultrashort fine and soft fibre Dimension Yarn Processing Technology difficult point is that fibre length is short and fibre length inhomogeneity is poor, fiber strength is low.There are many weavings at present Scientific research personnel is transformed by carrying out the poly- suede spinning technique of long flow in each road spinning process equipment, is such as carried out to ultra-fine soft fiber Pretreatment, improves the spinnability of the fiber;Opening picking uses short route, the appropriate gauge for reducing shredding and noil part, drop The rotating speed of low hitting part;Cylinder position is raised on carding device, and licker-in speed is reduced in technique;And strip adoption autoleveller fills It sets, draft area increases additional friction force circle, reduces roller gauge, increases the measures such as rubber roller pressurization;Rove uses False twister, The appropriate roving twist factor that increases reduces drawing-off gauge, increases reel cage pressure;Spun yarn suitably reduces spindle and front roller speed, uses New cushion rubber and cushion rubber pin, actively reduces Yarn filoplume.But the process of this poly- suede spinning technique transformation is more, of high cost, technique still It so is difficult to control, though the content of super short-thin soft fiber can increased, the yarn qualities index such as item dry, filoplume, strength is certain It increases in degree, but still the quality yarns of the ideal high blending ratio of super short-thin soft fiber cannot be obtained.Therefore exploitation one Kind is efficiently, short route, the poly- suede spinning equipment without roller draft have great application value, can be maximumlly that make the transition The textile enterprise of upgrading brings huge opportunity, saves production cost, optimum use kapok, fuds fuddled, noil, circular regeneration cotton Equal super short-thins soft fiber, and the poly- suede spinning for integrating compact spinning, Revolving cup spinning advantage can be spun out.
In order to ensure that the yarn of the poly- suede spinning equipment exploitation of short route meets the requirements, good poly- suede device is needed to carry out stable yarn The quality of line.
Invention content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of rotatable poly- suede device of multistage spun for the poly- suede of super short-thin soft fiber, It can be in place of overcome the deficiencies in the prior art.
A kind of rotatable poly- suede device of multistage spun for the poly- suede of super short-thin soft fiber, it is characterized in that including the first poly- suede Cylinder, first poly- suede cylinder one end connect the first fixed rotating shaft, and the first fixed rotating shaft is installed in the first negative pressure chamber side and gathers with second One end of suede cylinder connects, and the other end of the second poly- suede cylinder connects the second fixed rotating shaft, and the second fixed rotating shaft is installed in the first negative pressure The intermediate common part of room and the second negative pressure chamber is simultaneously connect with one end of the poly- suede cylinder of third, the other end of the poly- suede cylinder of third connection the Three fixed rotating shafts, third fixed rotating shaft are installed in the side of the second negative pressure chamber;
It is fixedly mounted with the first driving groove in the middle part of the first poly- suede cylinder, the first driving groove passes through the first belt and the first variable-frequency motor On the first rotor connection;
It is fixedly mounted with the second driving groove in the middle part of the second poly- suede cylinder, the second driving groove passes through the second belt and the second variable-frequency motor On the second rotor connection;
It is fixedly mounted with third driving groove in the middle part of the poly- suede cylinder of third, third driving groove passes through third belt and third variable-frequency motor On third trochanter connection;
The first poly- suede cylinder inner wall is dispersed with uniform screw thread;
It is uniform-distribution with micropore, mesh number >=5000 mesh/inch, aperture on the second poly- suede cylinder and the poly- suede cylinder of third ≤0.01mm。
The barrel dliameter of the first poly- suede cylinder, the second poly- suede cylinder and the poly- suede cylinder of third becomes smaller step by step.
The first poly- suede cylinder, rotation direction is consistent during the work time with the poly- suede cylinder of third for the second poly- suede cylinder, and Trimerization suede cylinder rotating speed is more than the second poly- suede cylinder rotating speed, and the second poly- suede cylinder rotating speed is more than the first poly- suede cylinder rotating speed.
Range of negative pressure control is between 2000~5000Pa in first negative pressure chamber and the second negative pressure chamber, the first negative pressure chamber Negative pressure value is less than the second negative pressure chamber.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are that its is simple in structure, easy to operate.This equipment can be used for various ultrashort fine and soft Fiber carries out poly- suede spinning, and maximum feature is:It is efficient, technology controlling and process point is few, for spinning enterprise save production cost, most The super short-thins soft fibers such as Optimum utilization kapok, fuds fuddled, noil, circular regeneration cotton, the poly- suede spinning that the present apparatus is formed take into account close The advantages of spinning and Revolving cup spinning.
Description of the drawings
Attached drawing 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the utility model;Wherein 1 is the first poly- suede cylinder, and 2 be the first fixed rotating shaft, and 3 be the One negative pressure chamber, 4 be the second poly- suede cylinder, and 5 be the second fixed rotating shaft, and 6 be the second negative pressure chamber, and 7 be the poly- suede cylinder of third, and 8 is solid for third Determine shaft, 9 be the first driving groove, and 10 be the first belt, and 11 be the first variable-frequency motor, and 12 be the first rotor, and 13 be the second transmission Slot, 14 be the second belt, 15 be the second variable-frequency motor, 16 be the second rotor, 17 be third driving groove, 18 be third belt, 19 It is third trochanter for third variable-frequency motor, 20.
Specific implementation mode
A kind of rotatable poly- suede device of multistage spun for the poly- suede of super short-thin soft fiber, it is characterized in that including the first poly- suede cylinder 1, first poly- 1 one end of suede cylinder connects the first fixed rotating shaft 2, and the first fixed rotating shaft 2 is installed in 3 side of the first negative pressure chamber and with second One end of poly- suede cylinder 4 connects, and the other end of the second poly- suede cylinder 4 connects the second fixed rotating shaft 5, and the second fixed rotating shaft 5 is installed in the The intermediate common part of one negative pressure chamber 3 and the second negative pressure chamber 6 is simultaneously connect with one end of the poly- suede cylinder of third 7, the poly- suede cylinder of third 7 it is another One end connects third fixed rotating shaft 8, and third fixed rotating shaft 8 is installed in the side of the second negative pressure chamber 6;
The first poly- suede cylinder, 1 middle part is fixedly mounted with the first driving groove 9, and the first driving groove 9 is become by the first belt 10 and first The first rotor 12 on frequency motor 11 connects;First variable-frequency motor 11 drives the first poly- suede cylinder 1 to rotate by the first belt 10;
The second poly- suede cylinder, 4 middle part is fixedly mounted with the second driving groove 13, and the second driving groove 13 passes through the second belt 14 and second The second rotor 16 connection on variable-frequency motor 15;Second variable-frequency motor 15 drives the second poly- suede cylinder 4 to rotate by the second belt 14;
Poly- 7 middle part of suede cylinder of third is fixedly mounted with third driving groove 17, and third driving groove 17 passes through third belt 18 and third Third trochanter 20 on variable-frequency motor 19 connects;Third variable-frequency motor 19 drives the poly- suede cylinder 7 of third to rotate by third belt 18;
First poly- 1 inner wall of suede cylinder is dispersed with uniform screw thread;Item can be driven in first poly- 1 rotation process of suede cylinder Son rotation twisting;
It is uniform-distribution with micropore, mesh number >=5000 mesh/inch, hole on the second poly- suede cylinder 4 and the poly- suede cylinder of third 7 Diameter≤0.01mm.
The barrel dliameter of the first poly- suede cylinder 1, the second poly- suede cylinder 4 and the poly- suede cylinder of third 7 becomes smaller step by step, to adapt to strip ruler Very little variation.
Rotation direction is consistent during the work time for the poly- suede cylinder of the first poly- suede cylinder 1, the second poly- suede cylinder 4 and third 7.And Poly- 7 rotating speed of suede cylinder of third is more than the second poly- 4 rotating speed of suede cylinder, and the second poly- 4 rotating speed of suede cylinder is more than the first poly- 1 rotating speed of suede cylinder.
Range of negative pressure controls between 2000~5000Pa in first negative pressure chamber, 3 and second negative pressure chamber 6, and can root Factually border spinning is regulated and controled, wherein 3 negative pressure value of the first negative pressure chamber is less than the second negative pressure chamber 6.
When Spinning process, strip is in the first poly- suede cylinder 1, since the first poly- 1 inner wall of suede cylinder is dispersed with uniform screw thread, the Strip can be driven to rotate in one poly- 1 rotation process of suede cylinder, strip radial contraction becomes tight, and adds certain turn;Second is poly- It is evenly distributed with micropore on suede cylinder 4 and the poly- suede cylinder of third 7, due to the suction function in the first negative pressure chamber 3 and the second negative pressure chamber 6, Strip surface fibre is by one " suction " in second poly- suede cylinder 4 and the poly- suede cylinder 7 of third, and fiber is directed toward the second poly- suede cylinder 4 and the Micropore on trimerization suede cylinder 7, due to the high speed rotation of the second poly- suede cylinder 4 and the poly- suede cylinder of third 7 so that strip surface fibre along Strip axial direction run-off the straight generates twisting effect, since the second poly- 4 rotating speed of suede cylinder is more than the first poly- 1 rotating speed of suede cylinder, the poly- suede of third 7 rotating speeds of cylinder are much larger than the second poly- 4 rotating speed of suede cylinder so that while radial contraction, axial also generation drawing-off attenuates strip, finally Form yarn.The specification of yarn can be poly- by changing the first poly- suede cylinder 1, the second poly- suede cylinder 4 and third according to the specification of strip Negative pressure value in the rotating speed of suede cylinder 7 and the first negative pressure chamber 3 and the second negative pressure chamber 6 is controlled.
Involved circuit is known or general.
The above description is merely a specific embodiment, and scope of protection of the present invention is not limited thereto, any ripe Know those skilled in the art in the technical scope disclosed by the present invention, the change or replacement that can be readily occurred in should all be contained Lid is within protection scope of the present invention.Therefore, the protection domain that protection scope of the present invention should be defined with claim Subject to.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of rotatable poly- suede device of multistage spun for the poly- suede of super short-thin soft fiber, it is characterized in that include the first poly- suede cylinder, First poly- suede cylinder one end connect the first fixed rotating shaft, the first fixed rotating shaft be installed in the first negative pressure chamber side and with the second poly- suede cylinder One end connection, the other end of the second poly- suede cylinder connects the second fixed rotating shaft, the second fixed rotating shaft be installed in the first negative pressure chamber and The intermediate common part of second negative pressure chamber is simultaneously connect with one end of the poly- suede cylinder of third, and the other end connection third of the poly- suede cylinder of third is solid Determine shaft, third fixed rotating shaft is installed in the side of the second negative pressure chamber.
2. a kind of rotatable poly- suede device of multistage spun for the poly- suede of super short-thin soft fiber according to claim 1, special Sign is:It is fixedly mounted with the first driving groove in the middle part of the first poly- suede cylinder, the first driving groove passes through the first belt and the first variable-frequency motor On the first rotor connection;It is fixedly mounted with the second driving groove in the middle part of the second poly- suede cylinder, the second driving groove passes through the second belt and the The second rotor connection on two variable-frequency motors;It is fixedly mounted with third driving groove in the middle part of the poly- suede cylinder of the third, third driving groove passes through the Three belts are connect with the third trochanter on third variable-frequency motor.
3. a kind of rotatable poly- suede device of multistage spun for the poly- suede of super short-thin soft fiber according to claim 1, special Sign is:The first poly- suede cylinder inner wall is dispersed with uniform screw thread;It is equal on the second poly- suede cylinder and the poly- suede cylinder of third It is even to be dispersed with micropore, mesh number >=5000 mesh/inch, aperture≤0.01mm.
4. a kind of rotatable poly- suede device of multistage spun for the poly- suede of super short-thin soft fiber according to claim 1, special Sign is:The barrel dliameter of the first poly- suede cylinder, the second poly- suede cylinder and the poly- suede cylinder of third becomes smaller step by step, to adapt to strip size Variation.
5. a kind of rotatable poly- suede device of multistage spun for the poly- suede of super short-thin soft fiber according to claim 1, special Sign is:The first poly- suede cylinder, rotation direction is consistent during the work time with the poly- suede cylinder of third for the second poly- suede cylinder, and third Poly- suede cylinder rotating speed is more than the second poly- suede cylinder rotating speed, and the second poly- suede cylinder rotating speed is more than the first poly- suede cylinder rotating speed.
6. a kind of rotatable poly- suede device of multistage spun for the poly- suede of super short-thin soft fiber according to claim 1, special Sign is:Range of negative pressure control is between 2000~5000Pa in first negative pressure chamber and the second negative pressure chamber, the first negative pressure chamber Negative pressure value is less than the second negative pressure chamber.
CN201721820646.XU 2017-12-23 2017-12-23 A kind of rotatable poly- suede device of multistage spun for the poly- suede of super short-thin soft fiber Active CN207727211U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721820646.XU CN207727211U (en) 2017-12-23 2017-12-23 A kind of rotatable poly- suede device of multistage spun for the poly- suede of super short-thin soft fiber

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107904711A (en) * 2017-12-23 2018-04-13 盐城工业职业技术学院 A kind of multistage rotatable poly- suede device spun for the poly- suede of super short-thin soft fiber

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107904711A (en) * 2017-12-23 2018-04-13 盐城工业职业技术学院 A kind of multistage rotatable poly- suede device spun for the poly- suede of super short-thin soft fiber

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