CN207714960U - Slide support hinge component and window assembly for window - Google Patents

Slide support hinge component and window assembly for window Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207714960U
CN207714960U CN201720810451.0U CN201720810451U CN207714960U CN 207714960 U CN207714960 U CN 207714960U CN 201720810451 U CN201720810451 U CN 201720810451U CN 207714960 U CN207714960 U CN 207714960U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
window frame
support
frame plate
hinge component
sash
Prior art date
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Active
Application number
CN201720810451.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
特雷西·威廉·埃德蒙
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Era Home Security Ltd
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Grouphomesafe Ltd
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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05DHINGES OR SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS
    • E05D15/00Suspension arrangements for wings
    • E05D15/28Suspension arrangements for wings supported on arms movable in horizontal plane
    • E05D15/30Suspension arrangements for wings supported on arms movable in horizontal plane with pivoted arms and sliding guides
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05CBOLTS OR FASTENING DEVICES FOR WINGS, SPECIALLY FOR DOORS OR WINDOWS
    • E05C17/00Devices for holding wings open; Devices for limiting opening of wings or for holding wings open by a movable member extending between frame and wing; Braking devices, stops or buffers, combined therewith
    • E05C17/02Devices for holding wings open; Devices for limiting opening of wings or for holding wings open by a movable member extending between frame and wing; Braking devices, stops or buffers, combined therewith by mechanical means
    • E05C17/04Devices for holding wings open; Devices for limiting opening of wings or for holding wings open by a movable member extending between frame and wing; Braking devices, stops or buffers, combined therewith by mechanical means with a movable bar or equivalent member extending between frame and wing
    • E05C17/12Devices for holding wings open; Devices for limiting opening of wings or for holding wings open by a movable member extending between frame and wing; Braking devices, stops or buffers, combined therewith by mechanical means with a movable bar or equivalent member extending between frame and wing consisting of a single rod
    • E05C17/24Devices for holding wings open; Devices for limiting opening of wings or for holding wings open by a movable member extending between frame and wing; Braking devices, stops or buffers, combined therewith by mechanical means with a movable bar or equivalent member extending between frame and wing consisting of a single rod pivoted at one end, and with the other end running along a guide member
    • E05C17/28Devices for holding wings open; Devices for limiting opening of wings or for holding wings open by a movable member extending between frame and wing; Braking devices, stops or buffers, combined therewith by mechanical means with a movable bar or equivalent member extending between frame and wing consisting of a single rod pivoted at one end, and with the other end running along a guide member with braking, clamping or securing means at the connection to the guide member
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05CBOLTS OR FASTENING DEVICES FOR WINGS, SPECIALLY FOR DOORS OR WINDOWS
    • E05C17/00Devices for holding wings open; Devices for limiting opening of wings or for holding wings open by a movable member extending between frame and wing; Braking devices, stops or buffers, combined therewith
    • E05C17/02Devices for holding wings open; Devices for limiting opening of wings or for holding wings open by a movable member extending between frame and wing; Braking devices, stops or buffers, combined therewith by mechanical means
    • E05C17/04Devices for holding wings open; Devices for limiting opening of wings or for holding wings open by a movable member extending between frame and wing; Braking devices, stops or buffers, combined therewith by mechanical means with a movable bar or equivalent member extending between frame and wing
    • E05C17/32Devices for holding wings open; Devices for limiting opening of wings or for holding wings open by a movable member extending between frame and wing; Braking devices, stops or buffers, combined therewith by mechanical means with a movable bar or equivalent member extending between frame and wing consisting of two or more pivoted rods
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05DHINGES OR SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS
    • E05D11/00Additional features or accessories of hinges
    • E05D11/08Friction devices between relatively-movable hinge parts
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05DHINGES OR SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS
    • E05D15/00Suspension arrangements for wings
    • E05D15/28Suspension arrangements for wings supported on arms movable in horizontal plane
    • E05D15/32Suspension arrangements for wings supported on arms movable in horizontal plane with two pairs of pivoted arms

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Hinges (AREA)

Abstract

The hinge component (101) that the utility model is related to a kind of for window, the window include sash and corresponding window frame.There are hinge component (101) multiple support arms (106,108,110), each support arm (106,108,110) to be pivotally connected to one or more of the other support arm, sash plate (102) and/or window frame plate (104) to form friction sliding support.Multiple fixed spacing are arranged in pivotal connector (116,118,120,122,124,126) between these connectors.Spacing is set and changes device (128), the pitch changes device (128) and one or more fixed spacing (126) is configured to permit to change during hinge component (101) opens and closes.By changing the spacing of one of connector, the geometry of hinge component (101) adjusts, to reduce the probability of component misalignment and damage.

Description

Slide support hinge component and window assembly for window
Technical field
The present invention relates to the slide support hinge components for door and window.In particular it relates to but be not limited to be used for Four bar slide support hinge components of window and/or six bar slide support hinge components.
Background technology
Window generally includes the window frame in one or more sash that can be moved and the opening being mounted on wall.Root According to the especially size and intensity of needs, it is known that a variety of different hinges for window.Hinge is known as sliding support as a kind of, And can be such as four bar sliding supports, also referred to as four bar holders.In sliding support, the window is supported in sash plate, and sash Plate is connected to by multiple support arms on window frame plate, and window frame plate is installed to again on the window frame.In four bar hinges, the sash Plate is connected with window frame plate by three support arms pivoted in their junction.One of support arm can be slidably connected To the window frame plate to allow to open and close the window.
Therefore, in order to correctly operate slide support hinge component and/or apply not on the component of the hinge component excessive Each component of pressure, slide support hinge component must be specific about other components and be accurately manufactured correctly to operate the cunning Support.This is time-consuming and cost is excessively high.
Further, in known sliding support, the mobile tip that may make the sash plate of the element of the holder is rolled over Break or is contacted with the plug on window frame plate.According to the abrasion of component or due to other events for making the sliding support misalignment, This effect may occur and/or be aggravated with the time.Wish that there is a kind of sliding support, wherein the tip is from the window frame It is mobile before being displaced outwardly to pass through the plug.
Invention content
In order to reliably and consistently open and close window, the geometry of hinge component should be accurate and accurate , this is critically important.When the constant spacing between the tie point of hinge component keeps identical, the geometry of slide support hinge component Shape is considered fixed.If at least one constant spacing between the tie point of two hinge components is different, sliding support hinge Two geometries of chain component are considered different.
As it is used herein, " constant spacing " between the connector of term sliding support is included in opening and closing operating process In, the distance between identical tie point is kept in consistent slide support hinge component.In the context of the present invention, term " Gu Fixed spacing " may only be used as name, such as in terms of the present invention in, one or more " constant spacing " can essentially change Become.The constant spacing can be along one linear measure longimetry in the support arm, window frame plate or sash plate.
The geometry of slide support hinge component can be thus defined by the constant spacing of the slide support hinge component. The geometry of slide support hinge component does not need not to be restricted in the window described in arbitrary set point during the opening/closing of hinge component Relative angle between deckle board, sash plate and/or support arm, such as the relative angle of those different positions dependent on hinge component Degree.More precisely, the geometry of hinge component can pass through the fixation of the window frame plate, sash plate and/or support arm Spacing and length are determined, because they limit row of the sash plate during opening and closing of the hinge component Journey.
Inventor understands that the length of one or more support arms (or connecting rod) by changing sliding support, these support arms exist Stroke during opening and closing window can change.Specifically, if the hinge support arm of sliding support increases length, sash The stroke at the tip of plate then changes so that it has the plug of the window frame plate more before being displaced outwardly from the window frame Wide arc gap.However, the length by changing one or more support arms, such as the length by increasing hinge support arm, sliding support The geometry of component changes so that the slide support hinge component is inoperable.This is because the slide support hinge component One of fixed spacing have changed, and remaining element of the slide support hinge component do not adapt to it is described new Geometry.
According to an aspect of the present invention, the present invention provides a kind of slide support hinge component for window, the window packet Sash and corresponding window frame are included, the slide support hinge component includes:Multiple support arms, each support arm be pivotally connected to one or A number of other support arms, connect sash plate and/or window frame plate to form sliding support, wherein pivotal connector provide connector it Between multiple constant spacings;It is characterized in that spacing changes device, the spacing changes device and is configured to permit one or more The constant spacing changes during the opening and closing of the slide support hinge component.
Again, it is to be noted that term " constant spacing " is if geometric form for mark slide support hinge component in terms of the present invention Shape is spacing that is fixed, being usually fixed.In this way, " constant spacing " may only purely be name, in terms of the present invention In be actually that can change.
Optionally, multiple support arms are pivotally connected to the window frame plate, and the spacing changes device and forms connection To a part for the first pivotal connector of the window frame plate, and it is configured to permit first pivotal connector in the window It is moved between the first position and the second position on deckle board.
Optionally, the other pivots of at least one of pivotal connector of multiple support arms of the window frame plate are connected to connect Fitting can slide during the normal opening and closing of the sash along the window frame plate.
Optionally, the spacing change device is configured to permit first pivotal connector in the slide support hinge group It is mobile during the opening and/or shutoff operation of part.
Optionally, it includes the cunning that can be moved between the first position and the second position that the spacing, which changes device, Seat.
Optionally, the slide support hinge component further comprises bias mechanism, for the interval to be changed device bias Into the second position.
Optionally, the spacing changes device and forms bridge support arm pivotal connector one for being connected to the window frame plate Part, and be configured to permit the bridge joint support arm pivotal connector and be connected to the hinge support arm pivot of the window frame plate It is independently mobile to turn connector.
Optionally, the spacing changes device and is located in the first position, changes device positioned at described with the spacing It is compared in the second position, the bridge joint support arm pivotal connector is further away from the hinge support arm pivotal connector.
Optionally, master arm is pivotally connected to the window frame plate, and in the normal opening and closing of the sash It can be slided in the process along the window frame plate.
Optionally, the bridge joint support arm is also pivotally coupled to the master arm.
Optionally, the hinge support arm is than the hinge support arm for slide support hinge component with fixed geometry The long range from 10% to 30%.
Optionally, the hinge support arm and master arm include the pivotal connector for being connected to sash plate.
Optionally, the slide support hinge component is one in four bar sliding supports or six bar sliding supports.
According to another aspect of the present invention, the present invention provides a kind of slide support hinge component for window, the window packet Sash and corresponding window frame are included, the slide support hinge component includes:For installation into the sash plate of the sash;For installation into The window frame plate of the window frame;Master arm, the master arm are pivotally connected to the sash plate and window frame plate, the main branch The pivotal connector that brace is pivotally attached to the window frame plate can be slided along the window frame plate to open and close the window Fan;Hinge support arm, the hinge support arm are pivotally connected to the sash plate and window frame plate;Bridge support arm, the bridge It connects support arm and is pivotally connected to the master arm and window frame plate;Change device with spacing, the spacing changes device and is used for Change the pivotal connector that the bridge joint support arm connects the window frame plate and connects the window frame plate with the hinge support arm Spacing between pivotal connector.
Optionally, the spacing changes device and is configured to permit the pivotal connector of the bridge joint support arm can be along The window frame plate sliding.Optionally, the hinge support arm connects the pivotal connector of the window frame plate and is located at the window frame plate On fixed position in.
Optionally, it may include any spy discussed about the upper surface of other aspects of the present invention that the interval, which changes device, Sign.
According to another aspect of the invention, the present invention provides a kind of slide support hinge component for window, the window packet Sash and corresponding window frame are included, the slide support hinge component includes:For installation into the window frame plate of the window frame;With formation sliding support Multiple support arms, support arm described in wherein at least three is pivotally connected to the window frame plate, and at least three pivot Turning at least two in connector can slide when opening and/or closing the slide support hinge component along the window frame plate. At least two pivotal connector at least three pivotal connector can be slided independently, i.e., they can beat It is slided in different directions and/or with different rates when opening and/or close the sash.As described herein, the support Arm may include master arm, bridge joint support arm and hinge support arm.The slide support hinge component can further comprise for installing To the sash plate of sash, and the master arm and hinge support arm are pivotally connected to the sash plate.
Optionally, described at least two at least three pivotal connector can be the pivot of the master arm The pivotal connector of connector and the bridge joint support arm.
According to another aspect of the invention, the present invention provides a kind of slide support hinge component for window, the window packet Sash and corresponding window window frame are included, the slide support hinge component includes:For installation into the window frame plate of the window frame;For pacifying It is attached to the sash plate of the sash;With multiple support arms, the multiple support arm pivotal connection be connected to the window frame plate, The sash plate and/or another support arm are to form sliding support, wherein the window frame plate, sash plate and support arm can be with One geometry and the second geometric configurations.
Optionally, the slide support hinge component may include that spacing changes device, and the spacing changes device and is configured to change Become the spacing between two tie points, is cut with scissors for placing the sliding support with first geometry and the second geometry Chain component.The spacing changes device and may include that spacing disclosed herein changes the arbitrary characteristics of device.
According to another aspect of the invention, the present invention provides a kind of window assembly, and the window assembly includes sash, window frame With the slide support hinge component according to arbitrary preceding claims.
By the way that spacing change device to be integrated into slide support hinge component, the geometry of the sliding support can change with suitable Answer various sizes of support arm.This permissible length for increasing hinge support arm but the operation for not influencing window, thus allow window The tip movement for fanning plate passes through the plug.
The spacing changes device, and to allow to change being usually fixed for sliding support usual between two connectors of connector Fixed spacing.The spacing changes device and moves between the first position and the second position, and in first position, two companies are arranged The first spacing between fitting;In the second position, the second spacing between two connectors is set.
As used herein, " closing " about door or window is intended to indicate the hinge component and completely closes and cannot Further close;" opening " therefore refer to any position for not being " closing " position.Certainly, it is had already turned on according to the sliding support How far, there are multiple open positions of hinge component.
During the opening operation of the hinge component, the spacing, which changes device, to be moved from the first position To the second position.This movement may receive biasing force.The spacing changes the first position and the second position of device Between movement can be by the hinge component from the closed to open position initial movement cause.Alternatively, described Movement between first geometry and the second geometry can be in the later stage mistake of the opening operation of the hinge component Occur in journey.
Description of the drawings
Here with reference to the accompanying drawings, the exemplary embodiment of the present invention is described.In the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is the plan view of four bar slide support hinge components;
Fig. 2 is the stereogram of a part for slide support hinge component;
Fig. 3 be along B-B across Fig. 2 slide support hinge component part sectional view;With
Fig. 4 be along B-B across Fig. 2 slide support hinge component part three-dimensional cutaway view.
Specific implementation mode
Fig. 1 shows four bar hinge components 1.Component 1 includes sash plate (or fourth link) 2,4 and of window frame plate (or track) Three support arms:Hinge support arm (or first connecting rod) 6, master arm (or third connecting rod) 8 and bridge joint support arm (or second Connecting rod) 10, wherein bridge joint support arm 10 extends between master arm 8 and window frame plate 4.Sash plate 2 has tip 12, tip 12 are configured to receive in the plug 14 of window frame plate 4 in the operating process for closing hinge component 1.
The sash end of hinge support arm 6 is pivotally connected to sash plate by the tip 12 of connector 16 towards sash plate 2 2.At window frame end, hinge support arm 6 is pivotally connected to window frame plate 4 by connector 18.
Bridge joint support arm 10 is pivotally connected to master arm 8 by connector 20, and is pivotally connected by connector 22 It is connected to window frame plate 4.
It is connected to before the point of sash plate 2 (i.e. further away from plug 14 and more in the connector 16 of hinge support arm 6 Close to the leading edge of component 1), the sash end of master arm 8 is pivotally connected to sash plate 2 by connector 24.In hinge support The connector 18 of arm 6 and the connector 22 of bridge joint support arm 10 are connected to before the position of window frame plate 4, the window frame of master arm 8 End is pivotally connected to window frame plate 4 by connector 26.
In exemplary sliding support, master arm 8 is connected to the connector 26 of window frame plate 4 or bridges support arm 10 and hinge The connector 18,22 that support arm 6 is connected to window frame plate 4 can slide.However, only connector 26 and connector 22 and 18 be (such as Fruit they move, they are moved together) between spacing can change and be properly termed as variable spacing.Between connector All other spacing is fixed spacing, because they do not change during door or window open and close, this A little spacing are known as fixed spacing.
In use, a pair of of the hinge component for including hinge component 1 and mirror image hinge component, is installed to the phase of window or door On offside.The sash plate 2 of hinge component can be attached to sash top edge and feather edge (or when use in projecting top-hung window or shelter Side when in window), while window frame plate 4 is attached in the respective edges of window frame.
When the sash is opened, because user applies sash the power of (relative to building) outward, the leading edge of sash plate 2 End 18 is pushed outwards dynamic.In the exemplary arrangement of Fig. 1, master arm 8 can only be pivotally displaced relative to window frame plate 4, cannot It is slided along window frame plate 4.Therefore, sliding part 28 is pulled to the pivot company that master arm 8 is connected to window frame plate 4 along window frame plate 4 Fitting 26.Sash plate 2 is shaken outward from (in Fig. 1 clockwise) window frame plate 4.The movement of sliding part 28 causes tip 12 from plug 14 separation.
It will be appreciated that other arrangements of four bar slide support hinge components are also possible.For example, the pivot of master arm 8 Connector 26 can be slided along window frame plate 4.In these arrangements, remaining pivotal connector (bridges support arm 10 and hinge Support arm 6 is connected to the pivotal connector of window frame plate 4) it is all located in fixed position.However, as defined above, all All there is fixed spacing and variable spacing in arrangement.Further, one or more components of hinge component and window frame plate Between the setting of sliding connector do not cause the change of geometry because the spacing between the connector of other arms keeps solid It is fixed.
Reaffirm and in order to avoid feeling uncertain, the fixed pivotal connector that takes up space there are multiple comparisons in sliding support and One or two pivotal connector that can be slided.The connector that can be slided if there is two, then they usually relative to It is fixed to one another.Multiple (usual two) accordingly, there exist multiple fixed spacing between connector and between connector are variable Spacing.
As it is used herein, term " geometry " is when using the fixation in terms of slide support hinge component when including sliding support Spacing.The geometry of slide support hinge component is not specific location or orientation of each component in the arbitrary special time, because It can change, such as any position during opening and closing sash.More precisely, the geometry includes branch Fixed spacing between the connector of brace.In known sliding support, the geometry is fixed, and particularly, Spacing between the connector of each component of the sliding support is fixed.It will be energy to be connected to one of window frame plate connector (or two connectors can move together) enough moved, but other connectors are fixed relative to each other.It is described to move Connector be connected to sliding friction block.
In order to ensure that the geometry of the component allows tip 12 to be securely contained in plug 14, it is desirable to have hinge Support arm 6, it is longer than the support arm used in known sliding support relative to other support arms.This cause tip 12 substantially along The line of window frame plate 4 is far from plug 14.If the geometry becomes misalignment for some reason, it is known that slide support hinge component The middle geometry used may lead to the stroke collided at any time with plug 14 at tip 12.
Wish that there is a kind of sliding support, it adapts to cause before tip 12 is displaced outwardly from window frame the disengaging at tip 12 stifled First 14 stroke.Inventor understands that this can be realized by integrating longer hinge support arm 6, although this causes hinge component 1 Geometry stops the problem of alignment.In exemplary arrangement, hinge support arm can be located at than being made with fixed geometry , in range of the hinge support brachium from 10% to 30% with the identical spacing of spacing between other connectors.
As detailed below, sliding support disclosed herein is integrated with spacing and changes device, and spacing changes device and allows One or more fixed spacing change.The spacing, which changes device, allows the one or more of sliding support is fixed (can not slide It is dynamic) connector can move relative to other fixed connectors.This generates slot, Neng Goushi in the position of connector Answer the various sizes of support arm at other places in slide support hinge component.It is to change slide support hinge component that the spacing, which changes device, A kind of exemplary approach of geometry.
Fig. 2 shows the stereograms of a part for hinge component 101.Many structure features of hinge component 101 with retouch above The structure feature for the hinge component 1 stated is same or like.These structure features are not described in detail further referring to Fig. 2, are retouched except nonessential State hinge component 101 operation or they be different from hinge component 1 corresponding construction feature.Similar structure feature assigns Identical reference number, but except " 10 " in front.
Hinge component 101 includes sash plate 102, window frame plate 104 and three support arms:Hinge support arm 106, master arm 108 and bridge joint support arm 110, wherein bridge joint support arm 110 extend between master arm 108 and window frame plate 104.Hinge support The arrangement of arm 106, master arm 108 and bridge joint support arm 110 is roughly the same with the corresponding construction of hinge component 1.Further, Connector 116,118,120,122,124 and 126 (being not shown in Fig. 2) is roughly the same, main other than the exemplary arrangement of Fig. 2 The connector 126 for being connected to window frame plate 104 of support arm 108 can slide.
The pivotal connector 126 (being shown in Fig. 4) for being connected to window frame plate 104 of master arm 108 can be via main support Arm sliding part 128 is slided along window frame plate 104.Remaining pivotal connector 118,122 for being connected to window frame plate 104 is hinge support The pivotal connector of arm 106 and bridge joint support arm 110.These connectors are normally fixed in known sliding support, as it Between spacing be fixed as.In the exemplary arrangement of Fig. 2, the pivot for being connected to window frame plate of hinge support arm 106 Turn connector to be located in fixed position, and the pivotal connector 122 for being connected to window frame plate 104 for bridging support arm 110 wraps It includes spacing and changes device 130.This allows (usual) fixed spacing between these connectors to be opened and closed in hinge component It changes in the process.
The holding of master arm sliding part 128 can be slidably connected with window frame plate 104.In the example components 101 of Fig. 2 In, master arm sliding part 128 is configured to during opening and closing hinge component 101 along logical in window frame plate 104 It advances in road.Bridging arm 110 is pivotally connected to window frame plate 104 by slide 132.In the example components 101 of Fig. 2, bridge joint Arm 110 is pivotally connected to master arm 108 at the middle part of master arm 108.
It can be positioned in sliding support in other examples arrangement it may be noted that one or more spacing change device 132 Other positions at.Further, the other forms outside form as shown in the figure may be used in spacing change device.For example, spacing Changing device can be arranged in the pivotal connector 120 or hinge component for being connected to master arm 108 for bridging support arm 110 At 101 any other pivotal connector.Further, the spacing, which changes device, can be integrated into one or more bridge joint branch In brace 110, such as by including the telescopic arrangement being located in bridge joint support arm 110 (or any other support arm).It is similar Ground, same principle can be adapted for other types of slide support hinge component, such as six bar slide support hinge components.
It includes slide 132 that the spacing, which changes device, and slide 132 can be moved to first position (against buffer 134) In the second position (against buffer 138, being shown in FIG. 2).
The slide 132 that master arm sliding part 128 and spacing change device is configured to the opening in hinge component 101 It is slided along window frame plate 104 with during shutoff operation.Slide 132 can independently be slided along window frame plate 104.That is slide 132 are not coupled to the pivotal connector 126 for being connected to window frame plate 104 of master arm 108 or slide 132 does not couple hinge The pivotal connector 118 for being connected to window frame plate 104 of support arm 106.The pivot for being connected to window frame plate of bridge joint support arm 110 connects Therefore fitting 122 can independently move along window frame plate 104, and can be to be connected to window frame plate with master arm 108 The pivotal connector 118 for being connected to window frame plate 104 of 104 pivotal connector 126 either hinge support arm 106 it is different or Independent rate movement.
In the example components 101 of Fig. 2, hinge support arm 106 is connected to the connector of window frame plate 104 positioned at fixed At position.The connector for being connected to window frame plate 104 of master arm 108 can be slided by means of master arm sliding part 128.
Window frame plate 104 includes the first buffer 134.First buffer 134 is stopped in by the protrusion 136 on window frame plate It is moved on window frame plate 104, the first buffer 134 is maintained at suitable position by protrusion 136.First buffer 134 limits slide The movement of the leading edge segments of 132 orientating components 101.In addition, the second buffer 138 is connected to window frame by hinge support arm 106 The end face of the fixed part of the connector 118 of plate 104 is arranged.Second buffer 138 limits the hinge of 132 orientating component 101 of slide The movement of end.
Slide 132 can move between two terminal positions that the first buffer 134 and the second buffer 138 limit. It is first position when slide 132 abuts the first buffer 134, is second when slide 132 abuts the second buffer 138 It sets, in the example components 101 of Fig. 2, the second buffer 138 passes through the connection between hinge support arm 106 and window frame plate 104 A part for part provides.
The self-movement of slide 132 allows spacing to change the length increase that device 130 adapts to hinge support arm 106.Because Other fixed spacing between connector 118 and 122 change, and slide 132 is between the first position and the second position The change of the mobile geometry for also illustrating that hinge component 101.
Under conditions of not needing the movement of master arm sliding part 128, slide 132 can move.This may be window Open or close at least part of situation of operation.Specifically, this may be and is initially switched on mobile and final plant closure to move Situation.In exemplary arrangement, it is initially switched on movement and may include window from fully closed position to the angle for opening at most 10 °. Similarly, final plant closure movement may include that angle of the window from 10 ° or less than 10 ° is moved to the movement of fully closed position.Cause It is all pivotally connected to for support arm, which will cause the one of one or more of other components of hinge component 101 It is a little mobile.
Because hinge component 101, which includes spacing, changes device, can use longer than the sliding support with fixed geometry Hinge support arm 106, hinge support arm 106 can be integrated into the sliding support.It should be noted that in other examples cloth In setting, the spacing differently positioned changes the use that device can adapt to other support arms of modified length.
Fig. 3 is illustrated in cross-section the hinge component 101 of the fully closed position in it.Sash plate 102 and window frame plate 104 and three support arms 106,108,110 it is all parallel and adjacent.Due to the length of hinge support arm 106, when positioned at pass When in closed position, slide 132 overcomes the bias of bias mechanism 140, is pulled to buffer 134, and wherein bias mechanism 140 is showing It is spring in example property arrangement.
It should be noted that exemplary window assembly can not need sash plate 102 and window frame plate 104, and other are tied Structure, which can be used to allow, to be connected to sash or window frame and/or can be slidably attached to window frame.
Operating method is described to 4 referring now to Fig. 2.
In a closed position, master arm sliding part 128 is pulled to as it can be towards the preceding acies of window frame plate 104 That advances is so remote.When bridge joint support arm 110 is pivotally connected to master arm, slide 132 is moved against the first buffer 134 In the first position for moving it, and the biasing force of spring 140 is overcome.
During opening operation, sash (not shown) and thus sash plate 102 preceding acies by approximately along direction D to Outer promotion.Sash plate 102 is initially pivoted around setting end 112, then when sash plate 102 continues the movement (along direction D) outward When, the pivotal connector 124 between sash plate 102 and master arm 108 is moved away from from window frame plate 104.Master arm is slided Moving part 128 is pulled to the hinged end of window frame plate 104, i.e., towards plug 114.Power of the releases in sliding 132, overcomes The biasing force of spring 140.Spring 140 is biased into its second therefore towards 138 bias slide 132 of the second buffer In setting.Therefore tip 112 is pulled away from plug 114.Spacing changes device 130 and therefore tip 112 is prevented to be collided with saddle seat 114, and The collision of tip 112 and saddle seat 114 because of hinge support arm improperly selected size (such as too long) and occur.
During shutoff operation, sash plate 102 continues drawing sash by user by is pulled to window frame plate 104, hinge Component 101 is attached on sash in direction c.Support arm 106,108,110 pivot, therefore allow sash plate 102 movement and Rotation.The biasing force of spring 140 is enough during most of shutoff operation, and slide 132 is kept in the second position.Main branch The continuation of brace sliding part 128 is moved away from from plug 114.In this way, the tip 112 of sash plate 102 can reach saddle seat 114, but not It is collided with saddle seat 114, because slide 132 is located in the second position.When sash enters the final stage of shutoff operation, main branch Brace sliding part 128 is pulled to by the window frame plate 102 moved as it can be along window frame plate 104 far from plug 114 It is remote as traveling.When the power being applied on master arm sliding part 128 is substantially aligned with spring 140 now, spring 140 Bias is overcome, and slide 132 is moved back into its first position against the first buffer 134.By making slide 132 be located at Until tip 112 is sufficiently close together plug 114 in its first position, collision is avoided by.Slide 132 then must be allowed for being moved to it First position to adapt to the incorrect length of hinge support arm 106.
By allowing slide 132 to be moved relative to window frame plate 104, hinge component 101 can adapt to than being preferably suitable to use With the longer hinge support arm 106 of the hinge support arm than the sliding support of fixed geometry.
In alternative arrangement, master arm is pivotably connected to window frame plate at fixed position and does not slide.Phase Instead, hinge support arm and bridge joint support arm are connected to window frame plate by hinge support arm and bridge joint support arm sliding part.At this In kind arrangement, hinge support arm and bridge joint support arm sliding part can be moved independently at least partly.In this sense, independent Mobile includes synchronizing moving in same direction, but with different rates and/or mobile different quantity.The buffer can It can be omitted so as to allow fully to advance.The slide may include bias mechanism with independently biasing hinge support arm sliding part Slide, to as in Figure 2-4, change the geometry of hinge component.
Those of ordinary skill in the art can be under conditions of without departing from the protection domain of appended claims, it is contemplated that this hair Bright more embodiments.

Claims (17)

1. a kind of slide support hinge component for window, the window includes sash and corresponding window frame, the slide support hinge group Part includes:
Multiple support arms, each support arm are pivotally connected to one or more of the other support arm, be connected to sash plate and/or Window frame plate is to form sliding support, wherein the pivotal connector provides multiple constant spacings between connector;
It is characterized in that, spacing changes device, the spacing change device be configured to permit in the constant spacing one or It is multiple to change during the opening and closing of the slide support hinge component.
2. slide support hinge component according to claim 1, plurality of support arm is pivotally connected to the window frame plate, and And the spacing changes the part that device forms the first pivotal connector for being connected to the window frame plate, and the spacing changes Become between device is configured to permit first position and the second position of first pivotal connector on the window frame plate and moves It is dynamic.
3. slide support hinge component according to claim 2, wherein being connected to the pivot of multiple support arms of the window frame plate The other pivotal connectors of at least one of connector can be during the normal opening and closing of the sash along described Window frame plate slides.
4. slide support hinge component according to claim 2, wherein the spacing, which changes device, is configured to permit described the One pivotal connector moves during the opening and/or shutoff operation of the slide support hinge component.
5. slide support hinge component according to claim 2, wherein spacing change device includes can be described first The slide moved between position and the second position.
6. slide support hinge component according to claim 2, further comprises bias mechanism, filled for changing the spacing It sets and is biased into the second position.
7. the slide support hinge component according to any one of claim 2 to 6, wherein the spacing, which changes device, forms connection To a part for the bridge joint support arm pivotal connector of the window frame plate, and the bridge joint support arm is configured to permit to pivot Connector and the hinge support arm pivotal connector for being connected to the window frame plate independently move.
8. slide support hinge component according to claim 7, wherein being located at the first position when the spacing changes device When middle, compared with the spacing changes when device is located in the second position, the bridge joint support arm pivotal connector is into one Step is far from the hinge support arm pivotal connector.
9. slide support hinge component according to claim 7, wherein master arm are pivotally connected to the window frame plate, and It can be slided along the window frame plate during the normal opening and closing of the sash.
10. slide support hinge component according to claim 9, wherein the bridge joint support arm is also pivotally coupled to the master Support arm.
11. slide support hinge component according to claim 10, wherein the hinge support arm ratio is used to have fixed geometry Range of the hinge support brachium of the slide support hinge component of shape from 10% to 30%.
12. slide support hinge component according to claim 9, wherein the hinge support arm and the master arm include quilt It is connected to the pivotal connector of sash plate.
13. slide support hinge component according to any one of claim 1 to 6, wherein the slide support hinge component is four bars One in sliding support or six bar sliding supports.
14. a kind of slide support hinge component for window, the window includes sash and corresponding window frame, the slide support hinge group Part includes:
For installation into the sash plate of the sash;
For installation into the window frame plate of the window frame;
Master arm, the master arm are pivotally connected to the sash plate and window frame plate, are connected to the pivot of the window frame plate Turning connector can slide along the window frame plate to open and close the sash;
Hinge support arm, the hinge support arm are pivotally connected to the sash plate and window frame plate;
Support arm is bridged, the bridge joint support arm is pivotally connected to the master arm and the window frame plate;With
Spacing changes device, and the spacing changes device and connects for changing the pivot for the bridge joint support arm for being connected to the window frame plate Fitting and be connected to the window frame plate hinge support arm pivotal connector between spacing.
15. a kind of slide support hinge component for window, the window includes sash and corresponding window frame, the slide support hinge group Part includes:
For installation into the window frame plate of the window frame;With
Multiple support arms of sliding support are formed, wherein at least three in the support arm are pivotally connected to the window frame plate, and And at least two at least three pivotal connector can when opening and/or closing the slide support hinge component edge The window frame plate sliding.
16. a kind of slide support hinge component for window, the window includes sash and corresponding window frame, the slide support hinge group Part includes:
For installation into the window frame plate of the window frame;
For installation into the sash plate of the sash;With
Multiple support arms, the multiple support arm is in the pivot for being connected to the window frame plate, sash plate and/or another support arm Turn tie point connection to form sliding support, wherein the window frame plate, sash plate and support arm are by with the first geometry and more than the second What shape configuration.
17. a kind of window assembly, the window assembly includes sash, window frame and according to any one of the preceding claims Slide support hinge component.
CN201720810451.0U 2016-07-05 2017-07-05 Slide support hinge component and window assembly for window Active CN207714960U (en)

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GB1611716.0A GB2558525B (en) 2016-07-05 2016-07-05 Hinge assembly
GB1611716.0 2016-07-05

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GB2558525A (en) 2018-07-18
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