CN207710404U - A kind of gear of double X-axis and the double transmission lathes of lead screw - Google Patents

A kind of gear of double X-axis and the double transmission lathes of lead screw Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207710404U
CN207710404U CN201721441573.3U CN201721441573U CN207710404U CN 207710404 U CN207710404 U CN 207710404U CN 201721441573 U CN201721441573 U CN 201721441573U CN 207710404 U CN207710404 U CN 207710404U
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China
Prior art keywords
axis
slide plate
long
short
lead screw
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CN201721441573.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
沈成辉
李爱军
聂海云
黄敏波
范明杰
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Foshan Pratic CNC Science and Technology Co Ltd
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Foshan Pratic CNC Science and Technology Co Ltd
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Abstract

A kind of gear of double X-axis and the double transmission lathes of lead screw, including lathe bed and long X-axis slide plate, rack is provided on lathe bed, long X-axis slide plate is installed on lathe bed, long X-axis speed reducer is installed on long X-axis slide plate, long X-axis speed reducer corresponds to and is equipped with gear with lower bed, wheel and rack intermeshing, and long X-axis speed reducer sliding tooth wheel rotation is to drive long X-axis slide plate to be moved left and right on lathe bed;Short X-axis slide plate is provided on long X-axis slide plate, cross put is presented with short X-axis slide plate in long X-axis slide plate, short X-axis lead screw is installed between long X-axis slide plate and short X-axis slide plate, short X-axis lead screw is connected to short X-axis motor, short X-axis motor drives short X-axis lead screw rotation to drive short X-axis slide plate to be moved left and right on long X-axis slide plate, and the utility model proposes the lathes for ensureing precise positioning processing while capable of realizing high-speed mobile of a kind of gear of double X-axis and the double transmissions of lead screw.

Description

A kind of gear of double X-axis and the double transmission lathes of lead screw
Technical field
The utility model is related to field of machining more particularly to a kind of gears of double X-axis and the double transmission lathes of lead screw.
Background technology
Drilling machine is a kind of common processing equipment in machinery field at present, easy to operate and easy to use, main profit Milling, drilling, tapping and chamfer machining operation are carried out with a variety of stage properties, is suitable for processing steel, copper and aluminium of various length etc. golden Belong to.And drilling machine is moved to realize that the material to different length is processed by the head equipped with cutter, and In mobile process, since lathe bed is too long, head overload causes the head in moving process that can generate one among lathe bed Fixed tenesmus causes machining accuracy not high, can not accurately navigate to the position that need to be processed to which the positioning to metal sites is inaccurate It sets.And since head is overweight, movement is slack-off, reduces production efficiency.Rack pinion precision is not high, and speed is fast, lead screw High transmission accuracy, speed is slow, in conjunction with two advantages, using the design of a kind of gear of double X-axis and the double transmissions of lead screw, for long row The movement of journey can be realized with rack pinion and fast move positioning, and short-stroke movement can realize high-precision with screw rod transmission Processing.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is that proposing to ensure precise positioning processing while a kind of realization can realize high-speed mobile Double X-axis the double transmission lathes of gear and lead screw.
For this purpose, the utility model uses following technical scheme:
A kind of gear of double X-axis and the double transmission lathes of lead screw, including lathe bed and long X-axis slide plate are provided on the lathe bed Rack is equipped with the long X-axis slide plate on the lathe bed, long X-axis speed reducer, the long X-axis is equipped on the long X-axis slide plate Gear is installed, the gear is intermeshed with the rack, and the long X-axis speed reducer drives the gear to turn below speed reducer It moves to drive the long X-axis slide plate to be moved left and right on the lathe bed;
Short X-axis slide plate is provided on the long X-axis slide plate, the long X-axis slide plate presents cross with the short X-axis slide plate It puts, short X-axis lead screw is installed between the long X-axis slide plate and the short X-axis slide plate, the short X-axis lead screw is connected to described Short X-axis motor, the short X-axis motor driving short X-axis lead screw rotation is to drive the short X-axis slide plate in the long X-axis It is moved left and right on slide plate.
Preferably, column is installed, peace turns have Y-axis between the column and the short X-axis slide plate on the short X-axis slide plate Lead screw, the Y-axis lead screw are connected to described have y-axis motor, the y-axis motor to drive the Y-axis lead screw rotation to drive Column is stated to be moved forward and backward on the short X-axis slide plate.
Preferably, Z axis lead screw is installed on the column, head is installed on the Z axis lead screw, the Z axis lead screw connects Then the Z axis motor, the Z axis motor drive the Z axis lead screw rotation to drive the head enterprising in the column Row moves up and down.
Preferably, it is provided with long X-axis guide rail on the lathe bed.
Preferably, it is provided with short X-axis guide rail on the long X-axis slide plate.
Preferably, it is provided with Y-axis guide rail on the short X-axis slide plate.
Preferably, it is provided with Z axis guide rail on the column.
Preferably, workbench is provided on the lathe bed, the workbench is parallel with the long X-axis slide plate, and is located at The front of the head.
Preferably, it is also equipped with tool magazine fixed frame at the top of the column, is installed on the tool magazine fixed frame and the head There is the tool magazine of processing.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the dimensional structure diagram of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the left view of the utility model;
Fig. 3 is the vertical view of the utility model.
Wherein:Lathe bed 1, rack 11, long X-axis guide rail 12, workbench 13, long X-axis slide plate 2, long X-axis speed reducer 21, gear 22, short X-axis guide rail 23, short X-axis slide plate 3, short X-axis lead screw 31, short X-axis motor 32, Y-axis guide rail 33, column 4, Y-axis lead screw 41, Y Spindle motor 42, Z axis guide rail 43, tool magazine fixed frame 44, Z axis motor 5, Z axis lead screw 51, head 52, tool magazine 53.
Specific implementation mode
Further illustrate the technical solution of the utility model below with reference to the accompanying drawings and specific embodiments.
A kind of gear of double X-axis of the present embodiment and the double transmission lathes of lead screw, as shown in Figure 1-Figure 3, including lathe bed 1 and length X-axis slide plate 2,1 is provided with rack 11 on the lathe bed, and the long X-axis slide plate 2 is equipped on the lathe bed 1, and the long X-axis is slided Long X-axis speed reducer 21 is installed, 21 lower section of the long X-axis speed reducer is equipped with gear 22, the gear 22 and the tooth on plate 2 Item 11 is intermeshed, and the long X-axis speed reducer 21 drives the rotation of the gear 22 to drive the long X-axis slide plate 2 described It is moved left and right on lathe bed 1;
Short X-axis slide plate 3 is provided on the long X-axis slide plate 2, the long X-axis slide plate 2 is presented ten with the short X-axis slide plate 3 Font is put, and short X-axis lead screw 31, the short X-axis lead screw 31 are equipped between the long X-axis slide plate 2 and the short X-axis slide plate 3 It is connected to the short X-axis motor 32, the short X-axis motor 32 drives the short rotation of X-axis lead screw 31 to drive the short X-axis Slide plate 3 is moved left and right on the long X-axis slide plate 2.
On the long X-axis slide plate 2 long X-axis speed reducer 21 driving lower section gear 22 rotate, the gear 22 by with Rack 11 on the lathe bed 1 engages, to drive the long X-axis slide plate 2 to be moved left and right on lathe bed 1, i.e. X-direction Mobile, the movement of the long X-axis slide plate 2 is Primary Location, by the cutter positioning on the long X-axis slide plate 2 to need to be processed Position, then recycle the short X-axis slide plate 3 to carry out mobile processing adjustment, the short X-axis slide plate 3 is mounted on the long X-axis On slide plate 2, the short X-axis slide plate 3 is driven to move using the transmission of short X-axis lead screw 31, to carry out high-precision processing.It utilizes The setting of double transmissions of gear and lead screw and the double X-axis of length, accurately positions to realize, improves machining accuracy.Due to gear teeth Transmission accuracy is not high, but speed is fast, and screw rod transmission precision is high, but speed is slow, and in conjunction with two advantages, long X-axis stroke is long, uses tooth Wheel rack-driving, which can be realized, fast moves positioning, and short X-axis stroke then can realize that high-precision is processed with screw rod transmission.
Preferably, as shown in Figure 1-Figure 3, column 4, the column 4 and the short X-axis are installed on the short X-axis slide plate 3 Peace turns have a Y-axis lead screw 41 between slide plate 3, and the Y-axis lead screw 41 is connected to described have y-axis motor 42, the y-axis motor 42 to drive The rotation of Y-axis lead screw 41 is to drive the column 4 to be moved forward and backward on the short X-axis slide plate 3.
The column 4 is provided on the short X-axis slide plate 3, by described between the column 4 and the short X-axis slide plate 3 Y-axis lead screw 41 carries out front and back movement to realize the column 4 on the short X-axis slide plate 3, that is, realizes the movement of Y-direction, and The back-and-forth motion of the column 4 realizes the precise positioning of front and back position.
Preferably, as shown in Figure 1-Figure 3, Z axis lead screw 51 is installed on the column 4, is equipped on the Z axis lead screw 51 Head 52, the Z axis lead screw 51 are connected to the Z axis motor 5, the Z axis motor 5 drive the rotation of Z axis lead screw 51 to The head 52 is driven to be moved up and down on the column 4.
The Z axis lead screw 51 is installed on the column 4, and the Z axis lead screw 51 then drives the head 52 to carry out Lower movement, the i.e. movement of Z-direction, and the precise positioning for moving up and down realization upper and lower directions of head 52, cooperation X and Y-direction Positioning realizes front and back comprehensive precise positioning up and down, greatly improves the precision of processing.
Preferably, as shown in Figure 1-Figure 3, it is provided with long X-axis guide rail 12 on the lathe bed 1.
The long X-axis slide plate can be slid left and right using the long X-axis guide rail on the lathe bed.
Preferably, as shown in figures 1 and 3, it is provided with short X-axis guide rail 23 on the long X-axis slide plate 2.
The short X-axis slide plate can be horizontally slipped using the short X-axis guide rail on the long X-axis slide plate.
Preferably, as shown in Figure 1, being provided with Y-axis guide rail 33 on the short X-axis slide plate 3.
The column can be slid back and forth using the Y-axis guide rail on the short X-axis slide plate.
Preferably, as shown in Figure 1, being provided with Z axis guide rail 43 on the column 4.
The knife rest can be slided up and down using the Z axis guide rail on the column.
Preferably, as shown in Figure 1-Figure 3, workbench 13, the workbench 13 and long X are provided on the lathe bed 1 Axis slide plate 2 is parallel, and positioned at the front of the head 52.
Preferably, as shown in Figure 1,4 top of the column is also equipped with tool magazine fixed frame 44,44 He of tool magazine fixed frame The tool magazine 53 of processing is installed on the head 52.
The technical principle of the utility model is described above in association with specific embodiment.These descriptions are intended merely to explain this reality With novel principle, and it cannot be construed to the limitation to scope of protection of the utility model in any way.Based on the explanation herein, Those skilled in the art would not require any inventive effort the other specific implementation modes that can associate the utility model, These modes are fallen within the scope of protection of the utility model.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of gear of double X-axis and the double transmission lathes of lead screw, including lathe bed and long X-axis slide plate, it is characterised in that:
It is provided with rack on the lathe bed, the long X-axis slide plate is installed on the lathe bed, is equipped on the long X-axis slide plate Long X-axis speed reducer, the long X-axis speed reducer lower section are equipped with gear, and the gear is intermeshed with the rack, the long X Axis speed reducer drives the gear rotation to drive the long X-axis slide plate to be moved left and right on the lathe bed;
Short X-axis slide plate is provided on the long X-axis slide plate, cross pendulum is presented with the short X-axis slide plate in the long X-axis slide plate It puts, short X-axis lead screw is installed between the long X-axis slide plate and the short X-axis slide plate, the short X-axis lead screw is connected to the short X Spindle motor, the short X-axis motor driving short X-axis lead screw rotation is to drive the short X-axis slide plate in the long X-axis slide plate On moved left and right.
2. a kind of gear of double X-axis and the double transmission lathes of lead screw according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:
Column is installed, peace turns have Y-axis lead screw, the Y between the column and the short X-axis slide plate on the short X-axis slide plate Axial filament bar has y-axis motor, the y-axis motor to drive the Y-axis lead screw rotation to drive the column in institute described in being connected to It states and is moved forward and backward on short X-axis slide plate.
3. a kind of gear of double X-axis and the double transmission lathes of lead screw according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:
Z axis lead screw is installed on the column, head is installed on the Z axis lead screw, the Z axis lead screw is connected to the Z axis Motor, the Z axis motor drive the Z axis lead screw rotation to drive the head to be moved up and down on the column.
4. a kind of gear of double X-axis and the double transmission lathes of lead screw according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:
Long X-axis guide rail is provided on the lathe bed.
5. a kind of gear of double X-axis and the double transmission lathes of lead screw according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:
It is provided with short X-axis guide rail on the long X-axis slide plate.
6. a kind of gear of double X-axis and the double transmission lathes of lead screw according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:
It is provided with Y-axis guide rail on the short X-axis slide plate.
7. a kind of gear of double X-axis and the double transmission lathes of lead screw according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:
It is provided with Z axis guide rail on the column.
8. a kind of gear of double X-axis and the double transmission lathes of lead screw according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:
Workbench is provided on the lathe bed, the workbench is parallel with the long X-axis slide plate, and before the head Side.
9. a kind of gear of double X-axis and the double transmission lathes of lead screw according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:
It is also equipped with tool magazine fixed frame at the top of the column, the knife of processing is installed on the tool magazine fixed frame and the head Library.
CN201721441573.3U 2017-11-02 2017-11-02 A kind of gear of double X-axis and the double transmission lathes of lead screw Active CN207710404U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721441573.3U CN207710404U (en) 2017-11-02 2017-11-02 A kind of gear of double X-axis and the double transmission lathes of lead screw

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721441573.3U CN207710404U (en) 2017-11-02 2017-11-02 A kind of gear of double X-axis and the double transmission lathes of lead screw

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN207710404U true CN207710404U (en) 2018-08-10

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107671586A (en) * 2017-11-02 2018-02-09 佛山市普拉迪数控科技有限公司 A kind of gear of double X-axis and the double transmission lathes of screw mandrel

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107671586A (en) * 2017-11-02 2018-02-09 佛山市普拉迪数控科技有限公司 A kind of gear of double X-axis and the double transmission lathes of screw mandrel

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