CN2075760U - 折叠式太阳灶 - Google Patents

折叠式太阳灶 Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2075760U
CN2075760U CN90218009U CN90218009U CN2075760U CN 2075760 U CN2075760 U CN 2075760U CN 90218009 U CN90218009 U CN 90218009U CN 90218009 U CN90218009 U CN 90218009U CN 2075760 U CN2075760 U CN 2075760U
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kitchen range
solar cooker
described solar
range face
fold
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CN90218009U
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韩峰
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B40/00Technologies aiming at improving the efficiency of home appliances, e.g. induction cooking or efficient technologies for refrigerators, freezers or dish washers
    • Y02B40/18Technologies aiming at improving the efficiency of home appliances, e.g. induction cooking or efficient technologies for refrigerators, freezers or dish washers using renewables, e.g. solar cooking stoves, furnaces or solar heating
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers

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Abstract

本实用新型提供了一种反射聚光式太阳灶,其灶 面分为四片,在原点处用小轴穿连起来,从而可以象 扇子一样折叠。灶面边缘有钢管框架,连接节点处一 端为销子,插入另一端钢管中,保证灶面整体刚度。 锅架有正轴聚光和轴外聚光两个位置,以适应不同的 太阳高度角,可供普通家庭及小食品摊点使用。

Description

本实用新型提供了一种结构简单,特别是一种灶面能折叠的反射聚光式太阳灶。
现有的各种反射聚光式太阳灶,灶面大都是整体的,有的虽然是分片装配的,但拆装比较费事,给使用运输带来不便。
本实用新型的目的就是提供一种更为实用的太阳灶,其灶面可以像扇面一样的折叠。
实用新型是这样实现的:将普通方形正抛物面灶面十字切割成四块,用一根轴将四片在原点处穿起来,就形成如扇子一样的折叠结构。
下面结合附图对实用新型做进一步详细描述。
图1为整体外形图,由灶面1,底座2,锅架3三个部件构成。图2为灶面正视图,图3为侧视图,正视图中A.B.C.D为四片相同的灶面,中心原点O处为一根轴将四片穿连起来。各片可绕轴回转折叠成如D片一片的大小。外沿为φ25钢管,4.5.6.7为四个节点。节点4.5.6相同,如图4所示。图中一个销子压合在左侧钢管内,右侧为动配合。节点7中为一滑动插销(图5),如将插销提上来,上下(A,D)两片便分开,然后可依次将节点6.5.4拆开折叠。灶面反光材料采用镀铝薄膜,背层用耐老化塑料或玻璃钢制成,背层中间有钢丝网夹层,以保证灶面弹性和防止变形。为使灶面尽可能接近标准抛物面形状,原点附近背层厚度在3mm内,各层间另有厚1mm的垫片。
图6为锅架,用φ8钢筋焊接而成,上部锅圈可绕A-A轴线回转,以适应不同的太阳高度角。(图8,9)
图7为底座,前部弯勾8与灶面上一对支脚(图8,12)插在一起,支撑立柱9用φ12螺纹钢制成,灶面上调节螺钉(图9,13)使空套在立柱上的滑环上下移动,即可调节灶面倾角。10点外部为一个薄铁皮开口套筒,平时使支柱保持直立。当太阳较高,灶面较平时,可将套筒上移,10-11段折倒,防止立柱过斜。图10为10点的结构详图,图中套筒14滑到节点上部,支柱上、下两段可绕铆钉15处折叠,如将套筒下滑,可使支柱保持直立。
图11,图12为对应图8,图9中支脚部分的详图。图12中,一对扁筒16焊接在灶面边缘钢管上,一对扁铁支脚12厚3mm,中部有弯,转弯两端一长一短,从底部分别插进两个扁筒便形成灶面的两个支脚。当太阳较低时(高度角小于40度),为不使灶面太立,可采用轴外聚光,即适当放平灶面,这时光线近似地聚焦在偏轴心上。为使锅架跟踪新的焦点,可将支脚大头向上,以延长锅架前腿17的长度,同时,将上拉杆(图8,18)向后拉,以缩短上拉杆的长度,便形成了如图8的轴外聚光位置。如太阳较高时,将支脚小头向上,上拉杆延长,形成如图9的正轴聚光位置。此时,支脚大头向下可避免灶面背层中部着地。

Claims (6)

1、一种反射聚光式太阳灶,由灶面、底座和锅架三个部件组成,三部分均可自由安装拆卸折叠,其特征在于灶面由通过正抛物面原点十字切割成的相同的四片用小轴在原点处穿连起来构成,各片可绕原点回转,从而可以象扇子一样折叠起来。
2、按权利要求1所述的太阳灶,其特征在于灶面由具有钢丝网夹层的耐老化塑料或玻璃钢制成,边缘有钢管框架,各片连接节点处结构为一端为销子插在另一端的钢管中。
3、按权利要求1所述的太阳灶,其特征在于底座上的支撑立柱下部分为两段,用铆钉连接,外部有一开口滑动套筒,保持其直立,套筒上移后,便可以折叠。
4、按权利要求1所述的太阳灶,其特征在于灶面下部边缘钢管上焊有一对扁筒,用弯形扁铁制成的两个支脚从底部插进扁筒便形成灶面的两个支脚。
5、按权利要求1.2.4所述的太阳灶,其特征在于弯形扁铁两端一长一短,使用时可以长端向上,也可短端向上,以适应不同的太阳高度角。
6、按权利要求1所述的太阳灶,其特征在于锅架上有一活动锅圈,可绕锅架聚焦面上的轴线回转。
CN90218009U 1990-08-21 1990-08-21 折叠式太阳灶 Pending CN2075760U (zh)

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CN90218009U CN2075760U (zh) 1990-08-21 1990-08-21 折叠式太阳灶

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CN90218009U CN2075760U (zh) 1990-08-21 1990-08-21 折叠式太阳灶

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CN2075760U true CN2075760U (zh) 1991-04-24

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106913195A (zh) * 2017-03-02 2017-07-04 广东工业大学 高效吸收太阳辐射能的加热器皿
CN107101228A (zh) * 2016-02-20 2017-08-29 刘琴 可折叠结构的集热炉具
CN108224808A (zh) * 2017-12-29 2018-06-29 东北大学 一种热对流发电的太阳灶

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107101228A (zh) * 2016-02-20 2017-08-29 刘琴 可折叠结构的集热炉具
CN106913195A (zh) * 2017-03-02 2017-07-04 广东工业大学 高效吸收太阳辐射能的加热器皿
CN108224808A (zh) * 2017-12-29 2018-06-29 东北大学 一种热对流发电的太阳灶

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