CN207520867U - A kind of electrodialysis ontology - Google Patents

A kind of electrodialysis ontology Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207520867U
CN207520867U CN201721529227.0U CN201721529227U CN207520867U CN 207520867 U CN207520867 U CN 207520867U CN 201721529227 U CN201721529227 U CN 201721529227U CN 207520867 U CN207520867 U CN 207520867U
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China
Prior art keywords
pole
partition board
anode
electrodialysis
ontology
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CN201721529227.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
周小莉
饶水琴
范雯芳
柯媛
黄文强
潘颖
李宗水
孙忠
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Shanghai Tsingross Environmental Co Ltd
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Shanghai Tsingross Environmental Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/124Water desalination

Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of electrodialysis ontology,Including anode chamber,The anode chamber side is provided with cathode chamber,Membrane stack is provided between the anode chamber and the cathode chamber,Electrode plate A is provided in the membrane stack,The electrode plate A sides are provided with the first pole room grid and pole frame,The pole room grid and pole frame side are provided with pole film,The pole film side is being provided with partition board just,The positive side of partition board is provided with cavity block,It is anti-that the cavity block side is provided with partition board,The anti-side of partition board is provided with anode membrane,The anode membrane side is provided with the second pole room grid and pole frame,The second pole room grid and pole frame side are provided with electrode,The anode chamber side is provided with desalinization liquor,Desalination production water is provided with above the anode chamber,The desalination production water side is provided with fresh-water pool,The cathode chamber side is provided with concentrated water pond,Electrode cycle liquid is provided with below the concentrated water pond,Protection liquid is provided with below the electrode cycle liquid,Concentration production water is equipped with above the concentrated water pond.

Description

A kind of electrodialysis ontology
Technical field
The utility model is related to a kind of electrodialysis ontologies, specifically belong to technical field of organic chemistry.
Background technology
Different solute particles are detached using the selective penetrated property of semi-permeable membrane(Such as ion)Method be known as dialysis.In electricity When dialysis is carried out under field action, the solute particles of the electrification in solution(Such as ion)By film and referred to as electric osmose the phenomenon that migration Analysis.The technology that purification and separate substance are carried out using electrodialysis is known as electroosmose process, it is to grow up the 1950s A kind of new technology, is used primarily for sea water desalination, is now widely used for chemical industry, light industry, metallurgy, papermaking, medical industry, especially with preparation Pure water and the three wastes are handled in environmental protection most paid attention to, such as soda acid recycling, electroplating wastewater treatment and from Industry Waste Utility etc. is recycled in water.But electrodialysis plant working efficiency is not high, the water resource PH of dialysis is easily affected, and causes The variation of water quality.
Utility model content
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model is the defects of overcoming the prior art, provides a kind of electrodialysis ontology, behaviour Make simply, it is easy to use.
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, the utility model provides following technical solution:
A kind of electrodialysis ontology of the utility model, including anode chamber, the anode chamber side is provided with cathode chamber, the sun Membrane stack is provided between pole room and the cathode chamber, electrode plate A is provided in the membrane stack, the electrode plate A sides are provided with First pole room grid and pole frame, the first pole room grid and pole frame side are provided with pole film, the pole film side be provided with every Just, the positive side of partition board is provided with cavity block to plate, and the cavity block side is provided with that partition board is anti-, and the anti-side of partition board is provided with sun Film, the anode membrane side are provided with the second pole room grid and pole frame, and the second pole room grid and pole frame side are provided with electrode Plate B, the anode chamber side are provided with desalinization liquor, and desalination production water, the desalination production water side are provided with above the anode chamber Fresh-water pool is provided with, the cathode chamber side is provided with concentrated water pond, electrode cycle liquid, the electricity are provided with below the concentrated water pond Protection liquid is provided with below the circulation fluid of pole, concentration production water is provided with above the concentrated water pond.
As a kind of optimal technical scheme of the utility model, the anode chamber passes through electric connection with the membrane stack.
As a kind of optimal technical scheme of the utility model, the cathode chamber passes through electric connection with the membrane stack.
As a kind of optimal technical scheme of the utility model, the electrode plate A and the first pole room grid and pole frame It is fixedly connected by screw and nut.
As a kind of optimal technical scheme of the utility model, the electrode plate B and the second pole room grid and pole frame It is fixedly connected by screw and nut.
As a kind of optimal technical scheme of the utility model, the pole film, the cavity block and the partition board pass through electricity Property connection.
As a kind of optimal technical scheme of the utility model, the cavity block, the anode membrane and the partition board is counter passes through electricity Property connection.
The advantageous effect that the utility model is reached is:The utility model is easy to use, which the variation of phase does not occur The ion dissociated in migration water with electric energy.The electric energy that it is consumed is usually directly proportional to salt content in water.To salt content The variation of the bitter of 4000~below 5000mg/L, the equipment less energy intensive, ion exchange technique is after resins exchange failure Regenerated with a large amount of acid, alkali, there are a large amount of spent acid, an alkali discharge in when washing, and the equipment only pickling when need a small amount of acid, it Main body corollary equipment is all fairly simple, and film and partition board are all made of high molecular materials, therefore, anti-chemical contamination and anticorrosive Performance is preferable.Fresh water can be obtained by being powered at runtime, not need to carry out complicated regeneration treatment with soda acid, and ensure to be electrolysed The quality of water will not make its pH value generate variation, rationally effectively accelerate electrodialysis rate, convenient for adjusting, be conducive to promote and general And.
Description of the drawings
Attached drawing is used to provide a further understanding of the present invention, and a part for constitution instruction, with this practicality Novel embodiment for explaining the utility model, does not form the limitation to the utility model together.In the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is the utility model principle figure;
Fig. 2 is the utility model film stacking structure schematic diagram;
In figure:1st, anode chamber;2nd, cathode chamber;3rd, membrane stack;4th, liquid is protected;5th, electrode cycle liquid;6th, concentrated water pond;7th, concentration production Water;8th, desalination production water;9th, fresh-water pool;10th, desalinization liquor;11st, electrode plate A;12nd, the first pole room grid and pole frame;13rd, pole film;14、 Partition board is just;15th, cavity block;16th, partition board is anti-;17th, anode membrane;18th, the second pole room grid and pole frame;19th, electrode plate B.
Specific embodiment
The preferred embodiment of the utility model is illustrated below in conjunction with attached drawing, it should be understood that described herein excellent Embodiment is selected to be only used for describing and explaining the present invention, is not used to limit the utility model.
Embodiment:As shown in Figs. 1-2, including anode chamber 1,1 side of anode chamber is provided with cathode chamber 2, the anode Membrane stack 3 is provided between room 1 and the cathode chamber 2, electrode plate A11, the electrode plate A11 sides are provided in the membrane stack 3 The first pole room grid and pole frame 12 are provided with, the first pole room grid and 12 side of pole frame are provided with pole film 13, the pole film 13 sides are provided with partition board positive 14, and positive 14 side of partition board is provided with cavity block 15, and it is anti-that 15 side of cavity block is provided with partition board 16, anti-16 side of partition board is provided with anode membrane 17, and 17 side of anode membrane is provided with the second pole room grid and pole frame 18, described Second pole room grid and 18 side of pole frame are provided with electrode plate B19, and 1 side of anode chamber is provided with desalinization liquor 10, the sun 1 top of pole room is provided with desalination production water 8, and 8 side of desalination production water is provided with fresh-water pool 9, and 2 side of cathode chamber is provided with Concentrated water pond 6,6 lower section of concentrated water pond are provided with electrode cycle liquid 5, and 5 lower section of electrode cycle liquid is provided with protection liquid 4, institute It states 6 top of concentrated water pond and is provided with concentration production water 7.
Easy to operate in order to make this kind of electrodialysis ontology, working efficiency is high, and the anode chamber 1 passes through electricity with the membrane stack 3 Property connection, the cathode chamber 2 and the membrane stack 3, which pass through, to be electrically connected, the electrode plate A11 and the first pole room grid and pole Frame 12 is fixedly connected by screw and nut, and the electrode plate B19 passes through screw and nut with the second pole room grid and pole frame 18 It is fixedly connected, the pole film 13, the cavity block 15 and the partition board positive 14 pass through electric connection, the cavity block 17, the anode membrane 17 pass through electric connection with the partition board anti-16.
The utility model is easy to use, and anion and cation exchange membrane makes molten the selective penetrated property of zwitterion in solution A kind of physical and chemical process that solute in liquid is separated from water, and by raw water into after excessively certain pretreatment, when use, will be different Solution is put into as required, and the compartment that ion is made up of anode chamber 1 and cathode chamber 2, material passes through membrane stack 3, in DC electric field Under effect, using the selective penetrated property of amberplex, cation permeable anode membrane 17, anion-permeable cavity block 15, cation to Anode chamber 1 migrates, and anion can not be migrated due to the selective penetrated property of film to anode chamber 1, and water 8, fresh-water pool 9 are produced using desalination Salt concentration continuously decrease, the salt concentration in adjacent concentrated water pond 6 accordingly gradually rises.By the salt in such process materials Get to remove, and protect liquid 4 for protecting original PH electric potential balancings constant, prevent water quality from pH value variation occur excessive.The electricity Dialysis ontology high efficiency, it is applied widely, be conducive to popularize.
Finally it should be noted that:The above descriptions are merely preferred embodiments of the present invention, is not limited to this Utility model, although the utility model is described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, for those skilled in the art For, it can still modify to the technical solution recorded in foregoing embodiments or to which part technical characteristic Carry out equivalent replacement.Within the spirit and principle of the utility model, any modification, equivalent replacement, improvement and so on, It should be included within the scope of protection of this utility model.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of electrodialysis ontology, including anode chamber(1), which is characterized in that the anode chamber(1)Side is provided with cathode chamber (2), the anode chamber(1)With the cathode chamber(2)Between be provided with membrane stack(3), the membrane stack(3)In be provided with electrode plate A (11), the electrode plate A(11)Side is provided with the first pole room grid and pole frame(12), the first pole room grid and pole frame (12)Side is provided with pole film(13), the pole film(13)Side is being provided with partition board just(14), the partition board is just(14)Side is set It is equipped with cavity block(15), the cavity block(15)It is anti-that side is provided with partition board(16), the partition board is anti-(16)Side is provided with anode membrane (17), the anode membrane(17)Side is provided with the second pole room grid and pole frame(18), the second pole room grid and pole frame(18) Side is provided with electrode plate B(19), the anode chamber(1)Side is provided with desalinization liquor(10), the anode chamber(1)Top is set There is desalination to produce water(8), the desalination production water(8)Side is provided with fresh-water pool(9), the cathode chamber(2)Side is provided with concentrated water Pond(6), the concentrated water pond(6)Lower section is provided with electrode cycle liquid(5), the electrode cycle liquid(5)Lower section is provided with protection liquid (4), the concentrated water pond(6)Top is provided with concentration production water(7).
A kind of 2. electrodialysis ontology according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the anode chamber(1)With the membrane stack(3) Pass through electric connection.
A kind of 3. electrodialysis ontology according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the cathode chamber(2)With the membrane stack(3) Pass through electric connection.
A kind of 4. electrodialysis ontology according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the electrode plate A(11)With described first Pole room grid and pole frame(12)It is fixedly connected by screw and nut.
A kind of 5. electrodialysis ontology according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the electrode plate B(19)With described second Pole room grid and pole frame(18)It is fixedly connected by screw and nut.
A kind of 6. electrodialysis ontology according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the pole film(13), the cavity block(15) With the partition board just(14)Pass through electric connection.
A kind of 7. electrodialysis ontology according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the cavity block(15), the anode membrane(17) It is anti-with the partition board(16)Pass through electric connection.
CN201721529227.0U 2017-11-16 2017-11-16 A kind of electrodialysis ontology Active CN207520867U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109019881A (en) * 2018-07-14 2018-12-18 浙江大维高新技术股份有限公司 A kind of easy fouling tendency salt-containing waste water treatment method

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109019881A (en) * 2018-07-14 2018-12-18 浙江大维高新技术股份有限公司 A kind of easy fouling tendency salt-containing waste water treatment method
CN109019881B (en) * 2018-07-14 2021-03-09 浙江大维高新技术股份有限公司 Method for treating salt-containing wastewater with easy scaling

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