CN207401163U - For the rectifier unit of fusel oil - Google Patents

For the rectifier unit of fusel oil Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207401163U
CN207401163U CN201721305630.5U CN201721305630U CN207401163U CN 207401163 U CN207401163 U CN 207401163U CN 201721305630 U CN201721305630 U CN 201721305630U CN 207401163 U CN207401163 U CN 207401163U
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China
Prior art keywords
tower
port
condenser
reboiler
fusel oil
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CN201721305630.5U
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黄建军
袁峰
孙建
王琴
刘帅
王凯
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FEICHENG JINWEI MACHINERY CO LTD
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FEICHENG JINWEI MACHINERY CO LTD
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Abstract

A kind of rectifier unit for fusel oil, include the tower body group for separated processing, the reboiler being arranged between minor details tower body heat source port in first section tower body releaser port in tower body group and tower body group, by reboiler to the heat exchange of first section tower body releaser, meet the needs of minor details tower body heat source in tower body group, no longer using batch distillation, therefore reduce the consumption of heat.

Description

For the rectifier unit of fusel oil
Technical field
The utility model is related to a kind of rectifier unit, method and its application, especially a kind of rectifying for fusel oil fills It puts.
Background technology
Alcohol industry is basic material industry, and product is for food, chemical industry, military project, medicine and other fields:Fusel oil be with Starch or molasses produce one of by-product of alcohol for raw material, are breaks down proteins and the secondary hydrolysis of mycoprotein in fermentation raw material Product, be containing there are many alcohols mixed liquor general designation, the growing amount of fusel oil is related to fermentation raw material and technique, generally generates Amount accounts for the 0.3%-0.8% of alcohol output.Fusel oil is a kind of pale yellow oily liquid, there is off-odor and toxicity.Its master It is the aldehyde of isoamyl alcohol, isobutanol, normal propyl alcohol, ethyl alcohol, water and a small amount of boiling point more than 135 DEG C, alcohol, ester, acid, unsaturated terpene to want ingredient It is high to be that raw material can go out tens of kinds of added values with deep processing development with fusel oil for vinyl compound etc., up to 22 kinds of complicated ingredients Fine chemical product, these products suffer from being widely applied in the industries such as plastics, coating, feed, chemical industry, food, medicine, Existing in the rectifier unit of fusel oil, generally using batch distillation, fusel oil to be used from storage tank for fusel oil separation Pump is beaten to stirring in drain sump, is added in a certain proportion of Nacl i.e. dehydrating agent and is stirred dehydration, through precipitating separation.By salt and Water recycles after releasing, and dewatered fusel oil pump is delivered to distillation still, heating distillation is carried out by reboiler, according to component Boiling point it is different, control distillation tower top temperature, can obtain different products, after the product of taking-up is cooled down by condenser, Sampling analysis is qualified into pans, finally with being pumped into product storage tank or barreled export trade.It is underproof to return in distillation still, after Temperature of continuing rising, heating, separation.Existing device is distillation indirectly, the quantity of steam of consumption it is big and can not continuous production, be not convenient to use Automation control has very big restriction to the promotion of the yield and quality of product, and the partial devices also having are using normal pressure essence Mode is evaporated, a tower isolates a kind of component, solves continuous production, the problem of convenient for automation control, but steam consumption Amount is big.
Based on it is existing the technical issues of, technical characteristic and technique effect, make the application technical solution of the utility model.
The content of the invention
The object of the utility model is a kind of rectifier unit for fusel oil.
In order to overcome above-mentioned technical disadvantages, the purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of rectifier unit for fusel oil, Therefore the consumption of heat is reduced.
In order to achieve the above objectives, the technical scheme adopted by the utility model is that:Include the tower for separated processing Body group is arranged to boiling again between minor details tower body heat source port in first section tower body releaser port in tower body group and tower body group Device.
Due to devising tower body group and reboiler, by reboiler to the heat exchange of first section tower body releaser, meet tower The needs of minor details tower body heat source in body group, no longer using batch distillation, therefore reduce the consumption of heat.
The utility model devises, in the way of extraction thermal energy is set between tower body that tower body group and reboiler is mutual Connection.
The utility model devises, and the pressure of the pressure and minor details tower body in tower body group of first section tower body is arranged in tower body group It is distributed in the way of successively decreasing.
The utility model devises, and also includes the first condenser and the second condenser, and tower body group is arranged to include One tower body, the second tower body and the 3rd tower body,
The bottom port that raw material input port and the first tower body are provided in the middle part of the first tower body is arranged to One isolate port, the top port of the first tower body is arranged to connect with the input port of reboiler and the output terminal of reboiler Mouth is respectively set to connect with the reflux of the top port of the first tower body and the Centronics port of the second tower body connects, the bottom of the second tower body The top port that end port is arranged to the second isolate port and the second tower body is arranged to input port with the second condenser Connection, the output port of the second condenser are respectively set to connect, in the 3rd tower body with the reflux of the top port of the second tower body Between port connection and the bottom port of the 3rd tower body be arranged to the 4th isolate port, the top port of the 3rd tower body is arranged to It is connected with the input port of the first condenser and the output port of the first condenser is arranged to top port with the 3rd tower body Reflux connection, the output port of the first condenser are arranged to the 3rd isolate port, and the heat of reboiler is arranged to by switching port It is connected with the heat source port of the 3rd tower body.
The utility model devises, and the first tower body, the second tower body and the 3rd tower body are respectively set to separated tower.
The utility model devises, and the first tower body is arranged to positive-pressure type tower body and the second tower body and the 3rd tower body are set respectively It is set to normal pressure or suction type tower body.
The utility model devises, and reboiler is arranged to the input port of heat exchanger and reboiler and output port is set It is set to heat source switching port.
The utility model devises, and the first condenser and the second condenser are respectively set to radiator.
The utility model devises, and the first tower body and the second tower body and the 3rd tower body are arranged to according to formation isolate discharge The mode of port set is distributed and the first tower body and the 3rd tower body and reboiler are arranged to side according to heat conversion among being formed Formula is distributed.
The utility model has technical effect that:After the mode of differential distillation is used, the quantity of steam used is reduced about 20%, the usage amount of recirculated water reduces about 20%, and compared with air-distillation mode, the quantity and floor space of equipment are reduced, Pressure is improved, appropriate raising is had to the quality of separation component, azeotropic dehydration method, quick lime evaporation, salt can be used in moisture Condensation for removing water method or the removing of adsorption dewatering technology.Aldehyde and unsaturated terpenes chemical combination in non alcohol impurity contained by dewatered thick fusel oil Object is easily destroyed by oxidant, selects alkalinity potassium permanganate, and formoxy- chemical conversion acid can not only have been made to be dissolved in alkali and remove, but also oxidable terpenes Unsaturated double-bond., almost can be all cleared by organic base with sulfuric acid treatment for organic bases such as pyridines, in residual acid calcium oxide With.It is refined by chemical subtraction, isobutanol, isoamyl alcohol content slightly increase.Fusel oil acid value after refined generally reduces, color and luster It becomes colorless transparent, this is highly beneficial to the product quality improvement of next rectification working process, in rectification working process, contains in fusel oil There are many some alcohol components, according to the actual demand of user oneself, can isolate the component of oneself needs, remaining can be used as waste liquid His use is separately done in processing, and the component ratio and boiling point in fusel oil are different, are greatly classified into a few class components, each component Characteristic such as following table:
Project Isoamyl alcohol is 1. Isobutanol is 2. Ethyl alcohol is 3. Normal propyl alcohol is 4.
Molecular weight 88 74 46 60
Boiling point DEG C 130 108 78 97
Density g/ml 0.809 0.802 0.789 0.8
In the technical program, it is important technical characteristic that the tower body group of extraction thermal energy and reboiler are set between tower body, In the technical field for the rectifier unit of fusel oil, there is novelty, creativeness and practicability, in the technical program Term is all that can be explained and understood with patent document in the art.
Description of the drawings
It in order to illustrate the embodiment of the utility model or the technical proposal in the existing technology more clearly, below will be to embodiment Or attached drawing needed to be used in the description of the prior art is briefly described, it should be apparent that, the accompanying drawings in the following description is only It is some embodiments of the utility model, for those of ordinary skill in the art, in the premise not made the creative labor Under, it can also be obtained according to these attached drawings other attached drawings.
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of the utility model.
Specific embodiment
According to guidelines for examination, to such as " having ", "comprising" and " comprising " term should used in the utility model It is interpreted as the presence or addition for not allotting one or more of the other element or its combination.
, it is necessary to explanation in the description of the utility model, term " " center ", " on ", " under ", it is "left", "right", " perpendicular Directly ", the orientation of the instructions such as " level ", " interior ", " outer " or position relationship are based on orientation shown in the drawings or position relationship, are only The utility model must have specific with the device or element for simplifying description rather than instruction or hint meaning for ease of description Orientation, with specific azimuth configuration and operation, therefore it is not intended that limitation to the utility model.In addition, term " the One ", " second ", " the 3rd " are only used for description purpose, and it is not intended that instruction or hint relative importance.
, it is necessary to which explanation, unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, term " are pacified in the description of the utility model Dress ", " connected ", " connection " should be interpreted broadly, for example, it may be being fixedly connected or being detachably connected or integrally Connection;Can be mechanical connection or electrical connection;It can be directly connected, can also be indirectly connected by intermediary, It can be the connection inside two elements.For the ordinary skill in the art, can above-mentioned art be understood with concrete condition Concrete meaning of the language in the utility model.
In addition, as long as technical characteristic involved in the utility model different embodiments disclosed below is each other Not forming conflict can be combined with each other.
The following is a combination of the drawings in the embodiments of the present utility model, and the technical scheme in the embodiment of the utility model is carried out It clearly and completely describes, it is clear that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the utility model rather than whole Embodiment.Based on the embodiment in the utility model, those of ordinary skill in the art are without making creative work All other embodiments obtained shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Fig. 1 be the utility model one embodiment, illustrate the present embodiment with reference to attached drawing, include the first tower body 1, Second tower body 2, the 3rd tower body 3, reboiler 4, the first condenser 5 and the second condenser 6,
The bottom port that raw material input port and the first tower body 1 are provided in the middle part of the first tower body 1 is arranged to First isolate port, the top port of the first tower body 1 is arranged to connect with the input port of reboiler 4 and reboiler 4 Output port is respectively set to connect with the reflux of the top port of the first tower body 1 and the Centronics port of the second tower body 2 connects, and second The bottom port of tower body 2 is arranged to the second isolate port and the top port of the second tower body 2 and is arranged to and the second condenser 6 Input port connection, the output port of the second condenser 6 is respectively set to connect with the reflux of the top port of the second tower body 2, The Centronics port of 3rd tower body 3 connects and the bottom port of the 3rd tower body 3 is arranged to the 4th isolate port, the 3rd tower body 3 Top port be arranged to connect with the input port of the first condenser 5 and the output port of the first condenser 5 be arranged to The top port reflux connection of 3rd tower body 3, the output port of the first condenser 5 are arranged to the 3rd isolate port, reboiler 4 Heat be arranged to connect with the heat source port of the 3rd tower body 3 by switching port.
In the present embodiment, the first tower body 1, the second tower body 2 and the 3rd tower body 3 are respectively set to separated tower.
By the first tower body 1, the support tie point to 4 and the 3rd tower body 3 of reboiler is formd, by the first tower body 1, is realized To the output of the first isolate, the connection with reboiler 4 is realized, by the second tower body 2, form to the second condenser 6 Support tie point, by the second tower body 2, realize the output to the second isolate, by the 3rd tower body 3, form cold to first The support tie point of condenser 5 by the 3rd tower body 3, realizes the output to third and fourth isolate, realizes and the first condenser 5 Connection.
In the present embodiment, the first tower body 1 is arranged to positive-pressure type tower body and the second tower body 2 and the 3rd tower body 3 are set respectively It is set to normal pressure or suction type tower body.
By the first tower body 1, connecting and as the heat source of the 3rd tower body 3 to reboiler 4 is realized.
In the present embodiment, reboiler 4 is arranged to the input port of heat exchanger and reboiler 4 and output port is set For heat source switching port.
By reboiler 4, the support tie point to the 3rd tower body 3 is formd, by reboiler 4, is realized and the 3rd tower body 3 Connection.
In the present embodiment, the first condenser 5 and the second condenser 6 are respectively set to radiator.
By the second condenser 6, form the support tie point to the 3rd tower body 3, by the second condenser 6, realize with The connection of 3rd tower body 3 by the first condenser 5, realizes the port discharge to isolate.
In the present embodiment, the first tower body 1 and the second tower body 2 and the 3rd tower body 3 are arranged to according to formation isolate discharge The mode of port set is distributed and the first tower body 1 and the 3rd tower body 3 are arranged to reboiler 4 according to heat conversion among being formed Mode is distributed.
Rectificating method is injected into the fusel oil of alcohol separated in the first tower body 1, keeps the pressure in the first tower body 1 Strong is 0.2-0.4MPa, temperature is 130-150 °C, and isolate isoamyl alcohol, the first tower body are obtained in the bottom port of the first tower body 1 1 top port output is input to after the heat exchange by reboiler 4 in the second tower body 2, keeps the pressure in the second tower body 2 It is 108-115 °C for 0.1-0.15MPa, temperature, isolate isobutanol, the second tower body 2 is obtained in the bottom port of the second tower body 2 Heat dissipation of the top port output by the second condenser 6 after be input in the 3rd tower body 3, keep the pressure in the 3rd tower body 3 Strong is 0.04-0.1MPa, temperature is 97-106 °C, and isolate normal propyl alcohol, the 3rd tower body are obtained in the bottom port of the 3rd tower body 3 After the heat dissipation that 3 top port output passes through the first condenser 5 isolate ethyl alcohol is obtained in output port.
After such differential pressure mode, the usage amount of steam more all by the way of normal pressure, saves 20% or so, heat After recycling, recirculated water saves 20% or so.
The utility model has the characteristics that lower:
1st, it is full by reboiler 4 to the heat exchange of first section tower body releaser due to devising tower body group and reboiler 4 The needs of minor details tower body heat source in sufficient tower body group, no longer using batch distillation, therefore reduce the consumption of heat.
2nd, due to devising the first condenser 5, the temperature needs of the separated of the 3rd tower body 3 are met.
3rd, due to devising the second condenser 6, the precipitation needs of isolate are met.
4th, due to devising the first tower body 1, the second tower body 2 and the 3rd tower body 3, by the difference of internal pressure, realize Successional separated processing.
5th, the restriction of numberical range has been carried out to planform due to devising, has made the skill that numberical range is the utility model Technical characteristic in art scheme is not the technical characteristic for being calculated by formula or being drawn by limited number of time experiment, experiments have shown that should The technical characteristic of numberical range achieves good technique effect.
6th, due to devising the technical characteristics of the utility model, in the work of the independent and mutual set of technical characteristic With, by experiments have shown that, the property indices of the utility model are at least 1.7 times for existing property indices, lead to Crossing assessment has good market value.
It is also other to be all with the tower body groups of setting extraction thermal energy and reboiler 4 couple between tower body technical characteristic One of embodiment of the utility model, and each technical characteristic of embodiment described above can be combined arbitrarily, be full The requirement of sufficient Patent Law, patent regulation and guidelines for examination, it is no longer all to each technical characteristic in above-described embodiment can The embodiment of the combination of energy is all described.
Above-described embodiment is a kind of way of realization of the rectifier unit provided by the utility model for fusel oil, root According to other deformations of scheme provided by the utility model, increase and either reduce composition therein or step or by this practicality It is new to be used for the other and close technical field of the utility model, belong to the scope of protection of the utility model.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of rectifier unit for fusel oil, it is characterized in that:Include the tower body group for separated processing, be arranged to With the reboiler between minor details tower body heat source port in first section tower body releaser port in tower body group and tower body group(4).
2. the rectifier unit according to claim 1 for fusel oil, it is characterized in that:It is extracted according to being set between tower body The mode of thermal energy is tower body group and reboiler(4)It is coupled to each other.
3. the rectifier unit according to claim 1 for fusel oil, it is characterized in that:The pressure of first section tower body in tower body group It is arranged to be distributed in the way of successively decreasing with the pressure of minor details tower body in tower body group.
4. the rectifier unit according to claim 1 for fusel oil, it is characterized in that:Also include the first condenser(5) With the second condenser(6), tower body group is arranged to include the first tower body(1), the second tower body(2)With the 3rd tower body(3),
In the first tower body(1)Middle part be provided with raw material input port and the first tower body(1)Bottom port be arranged to First isolate port, the first tower body(1)Top port be arranged to and reboiler(4)Input port connection and reboiler (4)Output port be respectively set to and the first tower body(1)Top port reflux connection and the second tower body(2)Centronics port Connection, the second tower body(2)Bottom port be arranged to the second isolate port and the second tower body(2)Top port be arranged to With the second condenser(6)Input port connection, the second condenser(6)Output port be respectively set to and the second tower body(2) Top port reflux connection, the 3rd tower body(3)Centronics port connection and the 3rd tower body(3)Bottom port be arranged to Four isolate ports, the 3rd tower body(3)Top port be arranged to and the first condenser(5)Input port connection and first Condenser(5)Output port be arranged to and the 3rd tower body(3)Top port reflux connection, the first condenser(5)Output Port is arranged to the 3rd isolate port, reboiler(4)Heat be arranged to and the 3rd tower body by switching port(3)Heat source port Connection.
5. the rectifier unit according to claim 4 for fusel oil, it is characterized in that:First tower body(1), the second tower body (2)With the 3rd tower body(3)Separated tower is respectively set to,
Or first tower body(1)It is arranged to positive-pressure type tower body and the second tower body(2)With the 3rd tower body(3)Be respectively set to normal pressure or Suction type tower body,
Or reboiler(4)It is arranged to heat exchanger and reboiler(4)Input port and output port be arranged to heat source exchange Port.
6. the rectifier unit according to claim 4 for fusel oil, it is characterized in that:First condenser(5)It is cold with second Condenser(6)It is respectively set to radiator.
7. the rectifier unit according to claim 4 for fusel oil, it is characterized in that:First tower body(1)With the second tower body (2)With the 3rd tower body(3)It is arranged to be distributed in the way of isolate discharge port group is formed and the first tower body(1)With the 3rd Tower body(3)With reboiler(4)It is arranged to be distributed in the way of intermediate heat conversion is formed.
CN201721305630.5U 2017-10-11 2017-10-11 For the rectifier unit of fusel oil Active CN207401163U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721305630.5U CN207401163U (en) 2017-10-11 2017-10-11 For the rectifier unit of fusel oil

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721305630.5U CN207401163U (en) 2017-10-11 2017-10-11 For the rectifier unit of fusel oil

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN207401163U true CN207401163U (en) 2018-05-25

Family

ID=62407158

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201721305630.5U Active CN207401163U (en) 2017-10-11 2017-10-11 For the rectifier unit of fusel oil

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN207401163U (en)

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