CN207350608U - A kind of solar air-conditioner system - Google Patents

A kind of solar air-conditioner system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207350608U
CN207350608U CN201720648392.1U CN201720648392U CN207350608U CN 207350608 U CN207350608 U CN 207350608U CN 201720648392 U CN201720648392 U CN 201720648392U CN 207350608 U CN207350608 U CN 207350608U
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heat
water tank
conditioner
air
heat storage
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CN201720648392.1U
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黄振伟
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Guangxi Long Austrian Technology Development Co Ltd
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Guangxi Long Austrian Technology Development Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model provides a kind of solar air-conditioner system, belong to field of solar energy, including heat collector, circulating pump I, heat storage water tank, automatic control system, circulating pump II, auxiliary thermal source, heating machine, refrigeration machine, cold water storage cistern, cooling tower, wind turbine and air-conditioner air outlet.The input terminal of heat collector is connected with the output terminal of circulating pump I, and the output terminal of heat collector is connected with heat storage water tank.The input terminal of circulating pump I is connected with heat storage water tank.The output terminal of water storage is connected with heating machine and refrigeration machine respectively.The output terminal of wind turbine is connected with heating machine and refrigeration machine.The air outlet of heating machine and refrigeration machine is connected with air-conditioner air outlet.The chilled water circuit of heating machine and refrigeration machine is connected through cooling tower with cold water storage cistern.Cold water storage cistern is connected through circulating pump II with heat storage water tank.

Description

A kind of solar air-conditioner system
Technical field
Field of solar energy is the utility model is related to, more particularly to a kind of solar air-conditioner system.
Background technology
As earth surface temperature rises year by year, requirement of the people to summer air-conditioning is more and more stronger, installation air-conditioning into For one spending tide of China's most area.Solar air-conditioner system can play cooling in summer, winter heating, whole year carry The comprehensive advantage of supplying hot water, obtains significant economic, society and environmental benefit, has wide popularizing application prospect.
The thermal energy of existing many air-conditioning systems uses inefficient, could not utilize solar energy well, therefore need Design utilization rate higher, the more preferable solar air-conditioner system of the coordination ability.
Utility model content
The utility model provides a kind of solar air-conditioner system, solves that existing solar air-conditioner system is inefficient to ask Topic.
The utility model solves the above problems by the following technical programs:
A kind of solar air-conditioner system, including heat collector, circulating pump I, heat storage water tank, automatic control system, circulating pump II, Auxiliary thermal source, heating machine, refrigeration machine, cold water storage cistern, cooling tower, wind turbine and air-conditioner air outlet;
The input terminal of the heat collector is connected with the output terminal of circulating pump I, the output terminal and heat storage water tank of the heat collector Connection;The input terminal of the circulating pump I is connected with heat storage water tank;The output terminal of the heat storage water tank respectively with heating machine and refrigeration Machine connects;The output terminal of the wind turbine is connected with heating machine and refrigeration machine;The air outlet and air-conditioning of the heating machine and refrigeration machine Air outlet connects;The chilled water circuit of the heating machine and refrigeration machine is connected through cooling tower with cold water storage cistern;The cold water storage cistern is through circulation Pump II is connected with heat storage water tank;The temperature acquisition end of the automatic control system is connected with heat storage water tank, output terminal respectively with system Warming-up, refrigeration machine are connected with auxiliary thermal source.
The utility model still further comprises life heat storage water tank, and life heat storage water tank passes through loop with heat storage water tank Pipeline connects.
In such scheme, preferably heat collector is heat pipe vacuum tube hot collector, the heat-exchange medium for the heat collector that circulates It is heat medium water.
In such scheme, preferably heat storage water tank includes big heat storage water tank and small heat storage water tank, and small heat storage water tank is main Start for air-conditioning system.
In such scheme, combustion-supporting thermo oil boiler or biomass heat energy generator preferably supplemented by auxiliary thermal source.
In such scheme, preferably refrigeration machine is lithium-bromide absorption-type refrigerating machine.
In such scheme, switch K1 is preferably respectively arranged with the thermal medium inlet port of heating machine and refrigeration machine and is opened Close K2, switch K1 and switch K2 mono- and open a closing.
In such scheme, preferably the air inlet of heating machine and refrigeration machine is respectively arranged with switch K3, switch K4, opens Close K3 and switch K4 mono- opens a closing.
The advantages of the utility model is with effect:
1st, the utility model provides its generator required heat medium water using solar heat collector for Absorption Refrigerator, heat The temperature of matchmaker's water is higher, then the coefficient of performance (also known as COP) of refrigeration machine is higher, and the refrigerating efficiency of such air-conditioning system is also higher.
2nd, the heat collector of the utility model uses heat pipe vacuum tube hot collector to have efficient, resistance to frost, start fast, guarantor Wen Hao, pressure-bearing height, heat shock resistance, operation can * many advantages, such as, be form high-performance solar air-conditioning system important component. Heat pipe vacuum tube hot collector can provide 88 DEG C of heat medium water for efficient lithium bromide refrigerator, so as to improve the refrigeration of whole system Efficiency;This heat collector can also effectively work in northern cold winter, heat for building.
3rd, the utility model is provided with large and small two heat storage water tanks, and small heat storage water tank mainly serves for ensuring the quick of system Start.Test result shows that water temperature is able to reach 88 DEG C and 60 within summer and the morning of winter fine day, small heat storage water tank DEG C, it is more when can also be solar irradiation peak so that the requirement for meeting to freeze and heating, can not only make system stable operation Complementary energy is stored in the form of hot water.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the utility model structure diagram.
Embodiment
The utility model is described in further detail with reference to embodiments.
A kind of solar air-conditioner system, as shown in Figure 1, including heat collector, circulating pump I, heat storage water tank, automatically controlling and being System, circulating pump II, auxiliary thermal source, heating machine, refrigeration machine, cold water storage cistern, cooling tower, wind turbine, air-conditioner air outlet, life water storage Case and 4 switches.4 switches are respectively K1, K2, K3 and K4, and switch K1 and switch K2 mono- open a closing, switch K3 and Switch the unlatchings one of K4 mono- to close, switch K1 is identical with the state that switch K3 is turned on and off, and switch K2 is opened with switch K4's The state for opening or closing is identical.
The input terminal of heat collector is connected with the output terminal of circulating pump I, and the output terminal of heat collector is connected with heat storage water tank.Thermal-arrest Device is heat pipe vacuum tube hot collector, and the heat-exchange medium for the heat collector that circulates is heat medium water.Heat medium water by circulating pump I by being extracted into Absorption heat is carried out on the circulation bend pipe of heat collector, so that heat medium water absorbs the rise of solar energy temperature, completes the suction of heat Receive.The input terminal of circulating pump I is connected with heat storage water tank, and circulating pump I is extracted into heat medium water cold in heat storage water tank on heat collector.Root The inherent characteristics changed according to solar irradiance in one day, heat storage water tank can not only make system stable operation, can also be the sun Excess energy when irradiating peak is stored in the form of hot water.The system and the difference of general solar air-conditioner system exist In there is provided large and small two heat storage water tanks.Small heat storage water tank mainly serves for ensuring the quick startup of system.Test result shows, Water temperature is able to reach 88 DEG C and 60 DEG C within summer and the morning of winter fine day, small heat storage water tank, thus meet refrigeration and The requirement of heating.
The output terminal of heat storage water tank is connected with heating machine and refrigeration machine respectively.The output terminal of wind turbine and heating machine and refrigeration machine Connection.The air outlet of heating machine and refrigeration machine is connected with air-conditioner air outlet.The heat medium water of the high-temperature of heat storage water tank is through piping Heating machine or refrigeration machine are transported to, the heat of heat medium water is converted to hot-air by heating machine, and hot wind, which is sent to air-conditioning, by wind turbine goes out Air port, realizes the manufacture of warm wind.Wherein, heating machine is the common heating machine in market.The heat of refrigeration machine heat medium water is converted to cold Hot wind, is sent to air-conditioner air outlet by wind turbine, realizes the manufacture of cold wind by gas.Heat medium water temperature 60 C or so, then refrigeration machine COP is about 0~40;If 90 DEG C or so of heating agent coolant-temperature gage, refrigeration machine COP about 0~70;If 120 DEG C or so of heating agent coolant-temperature gage, refrigeration machine COP is up to more than 110.
The chilled water circuit of heating machine and refrigeration machine is connected through cooling tower with cold water storage cistern.Cold water storage cistern is through circulating pump II and water storage Case connects.The heat medium water of high temperature is become the relatively low heat medium water of temperature after carry out hot-cast socket, and the heat medium water of low temperature is transmitted to cold water Case is preserved.Although heat storage water tank can store energy, its ability is limited after all.The system specially devises one A storage cold water storage cistern.In the case that solar irradiation is abundant on daytime, the chilled water that refrigeration machine produces can be stored in storage cold water storage cistern It is interior, it the advantage is that system heat losses in this case obviously than being stored in low in heat storage water tank obtain in the form of heat medium water It is more, because the temperature difference between summer environment temperature and chilled water temperature will be significantly less than between heating agent coolant-temperature gage and environment temperature The temperature difference.
The temperature acquisition end of automatic control system is connected with heat storage water tank, gathers the temperature of heat storage water tank, output terminal difference It is connected with heating machine, refrigeration machine and auxiliary thermal source.Automatic control system is the automatic control system of existing air-conditioning, to heating The switch of machine, refrigeration machine and auxiliary thermal source is controlled.The operation of all solar energy systems is all inevitably subject to weather The influence of condition.To allow system is round-the-clock to play air-conditioning, heating function, the conventional energy resource of auxiliary is essential.Should Solar air-conditioner system has selected auxiliary fuel hot-water boiler, daytime solar irradiation deficiency and night need continue with cold Or during with heat, donkey boiler can be started immediately, it is ensured that systems stay is stably run.
In partly the system of conventional energy resource is substituted using solar energy, system starts, energy storage and solar energy with The automation of the function such as switching is all particularly important between conventional energy resource;In addition, the system is provided with several water tanks, how Enable different water tanks automatically under different operating modes, walk different pipelines, and the key of system normal operation;Moreover too Positive energy system can also should solve the problems, such as automatic anti-overheat and anti-freeze *.Therefore, we set for the solar air-conditioner system Counted a set of safety can, multiple functional automatic control system.
Even if the master-plan architectural modeling in whole solar energy shop is beautiful, new and original, and can meet that heat collector is installed Requirement.According to this principle, the south elevation of building uses big pitched roof structure, and first the area on inclined-plane is bigger than plane obtains It is more, it can arrange more heat collectors;Second occlusion issue before and after when arranging heat collector on inclined-plane without consideration, and moulding Also it is very beautiful.Pitched roof inclination angle takes 35 °, is approached with local latitude, is conducive to heat collector and plays one's part to the full.
Advanced complex superconducting energy storage converter:The device big-and-middle ground scientific research personnel and is developed within 3 years with great concentration using clear Work(temperature become energy storage superconducting fluid, pair and it connect various energy source devices produce energy store, it is converted after it is defeated Go out.Temperature, which becomes energy storage superconducting fluid, to be designed by the prescription of electrodeless active metal and its compound Jing Guo science, the liquid With unconventional thermal activities and low-temperature conductivity, its heat transfer rate is 3 times of light water, and thermal capacity is big.It is particularly suitable for Solar energy heat collector, the evening heat release of heat-absorbing energy-accumulating on daytime utilize, and change the time difference of solar energy generation.
Superconductive solar heat collector:It will be scattered using the principle of superconducting heat collection solar radiant energy, collect and conduct to Indoor changes in temperature decentralized system, there is provided heating rooms.After appropriate reconstruction, the agricultural and sideline product that is applied to that also can be independent dries the system It is dry, timber mill drying plate, industrial chemicals drying, greenhouse heating.
Biomass heat energy generator:It is exactly the heat of the material such as biomass burning stalk and biomass compression blocks, waste and old furniture Aquatic products generating apparatus.Its fuel-in-use is reproducible living resources, belongs to renewable sources of energy category.Promote the use of reproducible Biomass energy technology and product, have very high economic benefit and far-reaching social effect.
Superconduction ground source refrigeration system:Using summer the energy of source low temperature, by superconductive system, in direct cool room Air reaches refrigeration purpose.
The preferred embodiment created to the utility model above is illustrated, but the utility model is not limited to Embodiment, those skilled in the art can also make a variety of etc. on the premise of without prejudice to the utility model creative spirit Same modification or replacement, these equivalent modifications or replacement are all contained in scope of the present application.

Claims (8)

  1. A kind of 1. solar air-conditioner system, it is characterised in that:Including heat collector, circulating pump I, heat storage water tank, automatic control system, Circulating pump II, auxiliary thermal source, heating machine, refrigeration machine, cold water storage cistern, cooling tower, wind turbine and air-conditioner air outlet;
    The input terminal of the heat collector is connected with the output terminal of circulating pump I, and the output terminal of the heat collector is connected with heat storage water tank; The input terminal of the circulating pump I is connected with heat storage water tank;The output terminal of the heat storage water tank connects with heating machine and refrigeration machine respectively Connect;The output terminal of the wind turbine is connected with heating machine and refrigeration machine;The air outlet and air conditioning exhausting of the heating machine and refrigeration machine Mouth connection;The chilled water circuit of the heating machine and refrigeration machine is connected through cooling tower with cold water storage cistern;The cold water storage cistern is through circulating pump II It is connected with heat storage water tank;The temperature acquisition end of the automatic control system is connected with heat storage water tank, output terminal respectively with heating machine, Refrigeration machine is connected with auxiliary thermal source.
  2. A kind of 2. solar air-conditioner system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Life heat storage water tank is further included, Life is connected with heat storage water tank with heat storage water tank by loop pipeline.
  3. A kind of 3. solar air-conditioner system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The heat collector is hot pipe type vacuum Pipe heat collector, the heat-exchange medium for the heat collector that circulates is heat medium water.
  4. A kind of 4. solar air-conditioner system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The heat storage water tank includes big heat accumulation Water tank and small heat storage water tank, small heat storage water tank are mainly used for air-conditioning system startup.
  5. A kind of 5. solar air-conditioner system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The auxiliary thermal source is auxiliary fuel Boiler or biomass heat energy generator.
  6. A kind of 6. solar air-conditioner system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The refrigeration machine is lithium bromide absorption Formula refrigeration machine.
  7. A kind of 7. solar air-conditioner system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The heat of the heating machine and refrigeration machine Switch K1 and switch K2, switch K1 are respectively arranged with medium inlet port and switch K2 mono- opens a closing.
  8. A kind of 8. solar air-conditioner system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The heating machine and refrigeration machine into Switch K3, switch K4, switch K3 and switch K4 mono- are respectively arranged with air port and opens a closing.
CN201720648392.1U 2017-06-06 2017-06-06 A kind of solar air-conditioner system Active CN207350608U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720648392.1U CN207350608U (en) 2017-06-06 2017-06-06 A kind of solar air-conditioner system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720648392.1U CN207350608U (en) 2017-06-06 2017-06-06 A kind of solar air-conditioner system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN207350608U true CN207350608U (en) 2018-05-11

Family

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201720648392.1U Active CN207350608U (en) 2017-06-06 2017-06-06 A kind of solar air-conditioner system

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN207350608U (en)

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