CN207289844U - A kind of workpiece surface handles sand blasting unit - Google Patents

A kind of workpiece surface handles sand blasting unit Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207289844U
CN207289844U CN201721311607.7U CN201721311607U CN207289844U CN 207289844 U CN207289844 U CN 207289844U CN 201721311607 U CN201721311607 U CN 201721311607U CN 207289844 U CN207289844 U CN 207289844U
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China
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support
support shaft
sand
workpiece
guide pad
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CN201721311607.7U
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Chinese (zh)
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林少华
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Chongqing Fu Tax Technology Co Ltd
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Chongqing Fu Tax Technology Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model provides a kind of workpiece surface processing sand blasting unit, including sandblasting cabin, sand material processing mechanism and PLC controller, sandblasting cabin is internally provided with article carrying platform, rotated in the opposing sidewalls in sandblasting cabin and be provided with horizontally disposed support shaft, the output axis connection of sandblasting cabin and external drive motors is stretched out in one end of support shaft, multiple horizontal mobile mechanisms are interval with the support shaft of sandblasting cabin interior, a reciprocating mechanism is connected with each horizontal mobile mechanism, a support is connected with each reciprocating mechanism, the lower end of each support is connected with spray gun, horizontal mobile mechanism and reciprocating mechanism are under the control of PLC controller, the axial direction of spray gun along support shaft is controlled to move horizontally and moved up and down perpendicular to the axial direction of support shaft respectively.The application can adjust the angle and distance of spray gun and workpiece surface and the spacing of adjacent spray gun, uniform processing be formed to workpiece surface, and heating stirring filtering preventing agglomeration can be carried out to blasting guardrail.

Description

A kind of workpiece surface handles sand blasting unit
Technical field
It the utility model is related to technical field of surface, and in particular to a kind of workpiece surface handles sand blasting unit.
Background technology
Workpiece formed, processing, during storage etc., surface is often with oxide skin, original coating, iron rust, remaining Molding sand, welding slag, dust and greasy dirt and other surfaces attachment, carry out to remove the attachment of workpiece surface frequently with sand-blasting machine Surface treatment, to change the physical mechanical property of workpiece, such as improves or reduces surface roughness, improves the lubrication shape of workpiece surface State, the friction coefficient for improving workpiece surface etc..
Sand-blasting machine is to use compressed air as power, and material spray is ejected into processed workpiece at a high speed to form high velocity spray beam Surface, makes a kind of changed machine of mechanical performance of outer surface of workpiece.Due to impact and cutting of the material spray to workpiece surface Effect, makes the surface of workpiece obtain certain cleannes and different roughness, allows the mechanical performance of workpiece surface to be improved, Therefore the fatigue resistance of workpiece is improved, the adhesive force between workpiece and coating is added, extends the durability of film, also have Beneficial to the levelling and decoration of coating, impurity, variegated and oxide layer surface are disposed, while are roughened dielectric surface, eliminate Workpiece residual stress and the effect for improving substrate surface hardness.
But the utility model inventor has found that existing sand-blasting machine is difficult to adjust in sandblasting procedures The distance and spray angle of spray gun and workpiece surface, it is impossible to be controlled well to spray gun, in turn result in spray gun to workpiece table Surface treatment it is uneven, sandblasting effect is not fully up to expectations, and blasting guardrail enter store up sand batch can before having moisture cake phenomenon, it is difficult To meet the demand for development of modern manufacturing industry.
Utility model content
It is difficult to the distance and spray angle that spray gun and workpiece surface are adjusted in sandblasting procedures for existing sand-blasting machine, it is impossible to Spray gun is controlled well, spray gun is in turn resulted in and workpiece surface is handled uneven, sandblasting effect is not fully up to expectations, and Blasting guardrail has moisture cake phenomenon before storage sand batch can is entered, it is difficult to meet the technical problem of modern manufacturing industry demand for development, The utility model provides a kind of workpiece surface processing sand blasting unit.
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, the utility model employs following technical solution:
A kind of workpiece surface handles sand blasting unit, including sandblasting cabin, sand material processing mechanism and PLC controller, the spray The article carrying platform for being internally provided with carrying workpiece in sand cabin, rotate in the opposing sidewalls in the sandblasting cabin be provided with it is horizontally disposed Support shaft, the outside in the sandblasting cabin is equipped with driving motor, one end of the support shaft stretch out outside sandblasting cabin and with drive The output axis connection of dynamic motor, multiple horizontal mobile mechanisms are arranged at intervals with the support shaft of the sandblasting cabin interior, A reciprocating mechanism is connected with each horizontal mobile mechanism, one is connected with each reciprocating mechanism Support, the lower end of each support are connected with spray gun, and the horizontal mobile mechanism is used to control what is be connected with support Spray gun is moved horizontally along the axial direction of support shaft, and the reciprocating mechanism is used to control the spray gun being connected with support vertical Moved up and down in support shaft axially direction;
Each horizontal mobile mechanism includes the first fixed seat, the first sliding sleeve, the first support arm, the first deceleration electricity Machine and the first leading screw, first fixed seat is fixedly sleeved in support shaft, and first sliding sleeve is slidably located in support On axis, one end of first support arm is fixedly connected with the outer wall of the first sliding sleeve, and the first reducing motors fix peace In the first fixed seat, the first reducing motors pass through the first nut on matching used first leading screw and the first leading screw The first sliding sleeve is driven to be moved horizontally along the axial direction of support shaft, one end of first leading screw is fixedly connected on first and subtracts On speed motor, the first nut on first leading screw is fixedly connected on the first sliding sleeve;
Each reciprocating mechanism includes supporting rod, the second fixed seat, the second sliding sleeve, the second support arm, the Two decelerating motors and the second leading screw, the upper end edge of the supporting rod are another perpendicular to axial direction and the first support arm of support shaft One end is fixedly connected, and second fixed seat is fixedly sleeved on supporting rod, and second sliding sleeve is slidably located in support On bar, one end of second support arm is fixedly connected with the outer wall of the second sliding sleeve, and the second reducing motors fix peace In the second fixed seat, the second reducing motors pass through the second nut on matching used second leading screw and the second leading screw The second sliding sleeve is driven to be moved up and down along the axial direction of supporting rod, one end of second leading screw is fixedly connected on second and subtracts On speed motor, the second nut on second leading screw is fixedly connected on the second sliding sleeve;
Each support includes branch sleeve, connection bolt and L-shaped connecting rod, the barrel surface of the branch sleeve The lower end of supporting rod is fixedly connected on, the inner wall of the branch sleeve is equipped with internal thread, the screw rod of the connection bolt and connection The inner thread of sleeve passes through branch sleeve after coordinating, and one end that the screw rod is pierced by branch sleeve passes through nut and branch sleeve Fastening, offers radial direction threaded connection hole in the cylindrical head of the connection bolt, the top of the L-shaped connecting rod be equipped with The matched screw thread of threaded connection hole simultaneously passes through the cylindrical head for connecting bolt, is opened on the lower end connecting portion of the L-shaped connecting rod Equipped with connecting hole;
The spray gun includes hollow gun body, and the top of the hollow gun body is equipped with gas interface and sand material interface, the gas Body interface is connected by gas conduit with external compression air tank, and the sand material interface passes through sand material conduit and exterior storage sand batch can Connection, the middle part of sliding channel of the hollow gun body are equipped with connection ring, the connection ring and the company on the connecting portion of L-shaped connecting rod lower end Connect hole to be bolted, the lower part of the hollow gun body is sequentially with arc center guide pad and rotates guide pad, institute from inside to outside The upper end for stating center guide pad is fixedly connected with the inner wall of hollow gun body by connection strap, and the rotation guide pad is led close to center One side surface of material block is equipped with spiral flow deflector, and the guide pad that rotates is away from the opposite side upper end of center guide pad and hollow gun The inner wall of body is rotatablely connected by floating bearing, one end that the lower end for rotating guide pad passes through plane bearing and the support of bearing Connection, the lower outside surface for rotating guide pad are equipped with ring gear, the support of bearing close to the plane bearing side Electric rotating machine is equipped with, the rotation axis of the electric rotating machine is equipped with the drive gear being meshed with ring gear, the bearing The other end of stent is fixedly connected with the upper outside wall of hollow gun body;
The sand material processing mechanism includes mixing drum and filtering cabin, be equipped with the barrel of the mixing drum to sand material in cylinder into The heating component of row heating, the head cover of the mixing drum are equipped with stirring motor, are connected with the output shaft of the stirring motor Stirring rod, the stirring rod are equipped with the agitating vane stirred to sand material, and the bottom of the mixing drum is equipped with pulp cutlet, institute The top for stating filtering cabin is equipped with the feed inlet connected with pulp cutlet, and the inside of the filtering cabin is provided with the mistake that middle part raises up Screen, the lower section of the sieves are equipped with vibrator, are offered on the filtering cabin side wall being connected with the sieves except material mouth, position Be equipped with material collecting tank in the filtering cabin circumferential edges side wall except below material mouth, the material collecting tank is low smooth in the high side in side Transition annular groove;
Driving motor, first reducing motors, second reducing motors and the electric rotating machine are electrically connected with PLC controller.
Compared with prior art, workpiece surface processing sand blasting unit provided by the utility model, including sandblasting cabin, sand material Processing mechanism and PLC controller, rotate in the opposing sidewalls in sandblasting cabin and are provided with horizontally disposed support shaft, and the one of support shaft End stretch out sandblasting cabin it is outer and with the output axis connection of driving motor, be arranged at intervals with multiple horizontal mobile mechanisms in support shaft, A reciprocating mechanism is connected with each horizontal mobile mechanism, a support is connected with each reciprocating mechanism, The lower end of each support is connected with spray gun, thus support shaft can be driven to rotate under the driving of driving motor, and then pass through water Flat moving mechanism, reciprocating mechanism and support drive spray gun to rotate, so as to adjust between spray gun and workpiece surface Spray angle, horizontal mobile mechanism can control the spray gun being connected with support to be moved horizontally along the axial direction of support shaft, above move down Motivation structure can control the spray gun being connected with support to be moved up and down perpendicular to support shaft axially direction, and then can be according to work The actual needs of part surface treatment, individually adjusts the spacing and spray gun and workpiece of adjacent spray gun under the control of PLC controller The distance between surface, it is thus achieved that the quantitative control to spray gun;Meanwhile spray gun includes hollow gun body, under hollow gun body Portion is sequentially with arc center guide pad and rotates guide pad from inside to outside, rotates side table of the guide pad close to center guide pad Face is equipped with spiral flow deflector, and the lower outside surface for rotating guide pad is equipped with ring gear, thus under the driving of electric rotating machine, Can be driven by the drive gear and ring gear that are meshed and rotate guide pad and rotate, so as to jet flow to center guide pad with The material spray rotated between guide pad carries out spiral acceleration by spiral flow deflector, and then more material spray jet flows may be guided and led to center Spiral acceleration is carried out between material block and rotation guide pad, makes in a disguised form to reduce from the material spray that spray orifice among the guide pad of center projects, by This can prevent workpiece surface and the situation generation that intermediate treatment is too strong and edge treated is excessively weak occurs, effectively improve workpiece surface The uniformity of processing;In addition, heating component, stirring motor, stirring rod and agitating vane in sand material processing mechanism in mixing drum, Heating stirring preventing agglomeration can be carried out to sandblasting raw material, sieves and vibrator in sand material processing mechanism in filtering cabin can be right Blasting guardrail after heating stirring is filtered, and by the material collecting tank on filtering cabin circumferential edges side wall will lump larger or particle compared with Big blasting guardrail is collected automatically.Therefore, the sand-blasting machine that the application provides can carry out preferably spray gun in sandblasting procedures Control, so as to adjust the spacing of the angle and distance of spray gun and workpiece surface and adjacent spray gun well, and can be to injection The material spray gone out guides, and then more uniform processing can be formed to workpiece surface, and sandblasting effect preferably improves workpiece table Face quality, and blasting guardrail energy heating stirring filtering preventing agglomeration before storage sand batch can is entered, disclosure satisfy that modern manufacturing industry Demand for development.
Further, the both ends of the support shaft are rotated by bearing and are arranged horizontally in the opposing sidewalls in sandblasting cabin.
Further, the driving motor is servomotor.
Further, first fixed seat and the second fixed seat include fixed block and fixed column, and the fixed block is equipped with Mounting hole, the stable hole with mounting hole perforation is offered on the side wall of the fixed block, is equipped with the stable hole and supports spiral shell Bolt, the fixed column are integrally formed on fixed block, and the first reducing motors and second reducing motors are fixedly mounted on fixation On column.
Further, the heating component is resistance wire or infrared heater.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the theory structure schematic diagram of workpiece surface processing sand blasting unit provided by the utility model.
Fig. 2 is the concrete structure schematic diagram of horizontal mobile mechanism in Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the concrete structure schematic diagram of reciprocating mechanism in Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is the concrete structure schematic diagram of support in Fig. 1.
Fig. 5 is the concrete structure schematic diagram of spray gun in Fig. 1.
Fig. 6 is the concrete structure schematic diagram of sand material processing mechanism in Fig. 1.
In figure, 1, sandblasting cabin;11st, article carrying platform;12nd, support shaft;13rd, motor is driven;2nd, PLC controller;3rd, it is horizontal Moving mechanism;31st, the first fixed seat;311st, fixed block;312nd, fixed column;313rd, bolt is supported;32nd, the first sliding sleeve;33、 First support arm;34th, first reducing motors;35th, the first leading screw;36th, the first nut;4th, reciprocating mechanism;41st, supporting rod; 42nd, the second fixed seat;43rd, the second sliding sleeve;44th, the second support arm;45th, second reducing motors;46th, the second leading screw;47th, Two nuts;5th, support;51st, branch sleeve;52nd, bolt is connected;521st, cylindrical head;522nd, threaded connection hole;53rd, L-shaped Connecting rod;531st, lower end connecting portion;532nd, connecting hole;6th, spray gun;61st, hollow gun body;62nd, gas interface;63rd, sand material interface; 64th, connection ring;65th, center guide pad;651st, connection strap;66th, guide pad is rotated;661st, spiral flow deflector;662nd, floating bearing; 663rd, plane bearing;664th, ring gear;67th, the support of bearing;68th, electric rotating machine;69th, drive gear;7th, sand material processing mechanism; 71st, mixing drum;711st, heating component;712nd, stirring motor;713rd, stirring rod;714th, agitating vane;715th, pulp cutlet;72nd, mistake Filter position;721st, feed inlet;722nd, sieves;723rd, vibrator;724th, except material mouth;725th, material collecting tank;8th, sand batch can is stored up.
Embodiment
In order to make the technical means, creative features, achievable purpose and effectiveness that the utility model is realized easy to understand, under Face combines and is specifically illustrating, and the utility model is expanded on further.
In the description of the utility model, it is to be understood that term " longitudinal direction ", " radial direction ", " length ", " width ", " thickness The side of the instruction such as degree ", " on ", " under ", "front", "rear", "left", "right", " vertical ", " level ", " top ", " bottom ", " interior ", " outer " Position or position relationship are based on orientation shown in the drawings or position relationship, are for only for ease of description the utility model and simplification is retouched State, rather than instruction or imply signified device or element there must be specific orientation, with specific azimuth configuration and operation, Therefore it is not intended that limitation to the utility model.In the description of the utility model, unless otherwise indicated, " multiples' " contains Justice is two or more.
, it is necessary to which explanation, unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, term " are pacified in the description of the utility model Dress ", " connected ", " connection " should be interpreted broadly, for example, it may be fixedly connected or be detachably connected, or integratedly Connection;Can mechanically connect or be electrically connected;It can be directly connected, can also be indirectly connected by intermediary, It can be the connection inside two elements.For the ordinary skill in the art, above-mentioned art can be understood with concrete condition Concrete meaning of the language in the utility model.
Please refer to Fig.1 to shown in Fig. 6, the utility model provides a kind of workpiece surface processing sand blasting unit, including sandblasting cabin Room 1, sand material processing mechanism 7 and PLC controller 2, the article carrying platform 11 for being internally provided with carrying workpiece in the sandblasting cabin 1, institute State to rotate in the opposing sidewalls in sandblasting cabin 1 and be provided with horizontally disposed support shaft 12, the outside in the sandblasting cabin 1, which is equipped with, drives Dynamic motor 13, it is outer and with driving the output axis connection of motor 13 that sandblasting cabin 1 is stretched out in one end of the support shaft 12, thus described Support shaft 12 can be rotated by driving motor 13, be arranged at intervals in the support shaft 12 inside the sandblasting cabin 1 Have multiple horizontal mobile mechanisms 3, a reciprocating mechanism 4 be connected with each horizontal mobile mechanism 3, it is each it is described on A support 5 is connected with lower moving mechanism 4, the lower end of each support 5 is connected with spray gun 6, described to move horizontally Mechanism 3 is used to control the spray gun 6 being connected with support 5 to move horizontally along the axial direction of support shaft 12, the reciprocating mechanism 4 For controlling the spray gun 6 being connected with support 5 to be moved up and down perpendicular to 12 axially direction of support shaft, it is possible thereby to adjust institute State the angle and distance of spray gun 6 and workpiece surface and the spacing of adjacent spray gun;
Each horizontal mobile mechanism 3 includes the first fixed seat 31, the first sliding sleeve 32, the first support arm 33, the One decelerating motor 34 and the first leading screw 35, first fixed seat 31 is fixedly sleeved in support shaft 12, first sliding sleeve Cylinder 32 is slidably located in support shaft 12, and the outer wall of one end of first support arm 33 and the first sliding sleeve 32, which is fixed, to be connected Connect, the first reducing motors 34 are fixedly mounted in the first fixed seat 31, and the first reducing motors 34 are by matching The first leading screw 35 and the first leading screw 35 on the first nut 36 drive the first sliding sleeve 32 done along the axial direction of support shaft 12 Moving horizontally, one end of first leading screw 35 is fixedly connected in first reducing motors 34, and on first leading screw 35 One nut 36 is fixedly connected on the first sliding sleeve 32, so as to drive the first support arm 33 by first sliding sleeve 32 Moved horizontally along the axial direction of support shaft 12, and then driven the reciprocating mechanism 4 connected on the horizontal mobile mechanism 3 Moved horizontally also along the axial direction of support shaft 12;
Each reciprocating mechanism 4 includes supporting rod 41, the second fixed seat 42, the second sliding sleeve 43, second Brace 44,45 and second leading screw 46 of second reducing motors, the upper end edge of the supporting rod 41 is perpendicular to the axial direction side of support shaft 12 It is fixedly connected to the other end with the first support arm 33, second fixed seat 42 is fixedly sleeved on supporting rod 41, and described Two sliding sleeves 43 are slidably located on supporting rod 41, one end of second support arm 44 and the outer wall of the second sliding sleeve 43 Be fixedly connected, the second reducing motors 45 are fixedly mounted in the second fixed seat 42, the second reducing motors 45 by with Cover the second nut 47 on the second leading screw 46 and the second leading screw 46 used and drive the second sliding sleeve 43 along supporting rod 41 Axially move up and down, one end of second leading screw 46 is fixedly connected in second reducing motors 45, second leading screw 46 On the second nut 47 be fixedly connected on the second sliding sleeve 43 so that pass through second sliding sleeve 43 drive second Brace 44 is moved up and down along the axial direction of supporting rod 41, and then has driven the support 5 connected on the reciprocating mechanism 4 Moved up and down also along the axial direction of supporting rod 41, so that the spray gun 6 of 5 lower end of support connection is also along supporting rod 41 Axially move up and down, since the upper end of the supporting rod 41 is supported along the axial direction perpendicular to support shaft 12 and first 33 other end of arm is fixedly connected, thus the final spray gun 6 is moved down along in 12 axially direction of support shaft It is dynamic, it is thus achieved that arbitrarily adjusting the spray gun 6 and the angle and distance of workpiece surface and the spacing of adjacent spray gun;
Each support 5 includes branch sleeve 51, connection bolt 52 and L-shaped connecting rod 53, the branch sleeve 51 Barrel surface be fixedly connected on the lower end of supporting rod 41, the inner wall of the branch sleeve 51 is equipped with internal thread, the connection spiral shell The screw rod of bolt 52 passes through branch sleeve 51 after coordinating with the inner thread of branch sleeve 51, and the screw rod is pierced by branch sleeve 51 One end is fastened by nut and branch sleeve 51, and radial direction screw thread company is offered in the cylindrical head 521 of the connection bolt 52 Connect hole 522, the top of the L-shaped connecting rod 53 is equipped with 522 matched screw thread of threaded connection hole and through connection bolt 52 Cylindrical head 521, offers connecting hole 532 on the lower end connecting portion 531 of the L-shaped connecting rod 53, using the branch of the structure Frame 5 is held, can more massively connect spray gun 6, and the scope that can spray spray gun 6 is more more extensive;
The spray gun 6 includes hollow gun body 61, and the top of the hollow gun body 61 is equipped with gas interface 62 and sand material interface 63, the gas interface 62 is connected by gas conduit with external compression air tank, and the sand material interface 63 passes through sand material conduit It is connected with outside storage sand batch can, the middle part of sliding channel of the hollow gun body 61 is equipped with connection ring 64, and the connection ring 64 connects with L-shaped Connecting hole 532 on 53 lower end connecting portion 531 of extension bar is bolted, and the lower part of the hollow gun body 61 is sequentially with from inside to outside Arc center guide pad 65 and rotation guide pad 66, the upper end of the center guide pad 65 and the inner wall of hollow gun body 61 pass through company Narrow bars 651 are fixedly connected, i.e., multiple connection straps 651 are circumferentially with the inner wall of the hollow gun body 61 for being fixedly connected Center guide pad 65, the rotation guide pad 66 is equipped with spiral flow deflector 661 close to a side surface of center guide pad 65, described Guide pad 66 is rotated to rotate by floating bearing 662 away from the opposite side upper end of center guide pad 65 and the inner wall of hollow gun body 61 Connection, the lower end for rotating guide pad 66 are connected by plane bearing 663 with one end of the support of bearing 67, the rotation guide The lower outside surface of block 66 is equipped with ring gear 664, and the support of bearing 67 close to 663 side of plane bearing is equipped with rotation Rotating motor 68, the rotation axis of the electric rotating machine 68 are equipped with the drive gear 69 being meshed with ring gear 664, the bearing The other end of stent 67 is fixedly connected with the upper outside wall of hollow gun body 61, is thus driven in the turn of the electric rotating machine 68 Under, it can be driven by the drive gear 69 and ring gear 664 being meshed and rotate 66 turn of guide pad, and then will led into center Material block 65 and the material spray rotated between guide pad 66 carry out spiral acceleration, and then bootable more sprays by spiral flow deflector 661 Material jet flow carries out spiral acceleration between center guide pad 65 and rotation guide pad 66, makes to penetrate from 65 middle spray orifice of center guide pad The material spray gone out is in a disguised form reduced;
The sand material processing mechanism 7 includes mixing drum 71 and filtering cabin 72, is equipped with the barrel of the mixing drum 71 to cylinder The heating component 711 that interior sand material is heated, the head cover of the mixing drum 71 are equipped with stirring motor 712, the stirring motor Stirring rod 713 is connected with 712 output shaft, the stirring rod 713 is equipped with the agitating vane 714 stirred to sand material, Thus can by stirring motor 712, stirring rod 713 and agitating vane 714 form agitating device and heating component 711, into The sandblasting raw material entered in mixing drum 71 carries out heating stirring, effectively prevent the generation of sandblasting raw material caking phenomenon, the stirring The bottom of cylinder 71 is equipped with pulp cutlet 715, and the top of the filtering cabin 72 is equipped with the feed inlet 721 connected with pulp cutlet 715, described The bottom of filtering cabin 72 be equipped with the discharge port that connect of storage sand batch can 8, the inside of the filtering cabin 72 be provided with the middle part of it is convex The sieves 722 risen, i.e., the section of described sieves 722 is the low trapezium structure in middle high periphery, it is possible thereby to increase filtering Sieve 722 and the contact area of blasting guardrail, more preferably more fully to be filtered to blasting guardrail, the lower section of the sieves 722 Equipped with vibrator 723, the filter efficiency of blasting guardrail, the mistake being connected with the sieves 722 can be improved using the vibrator 723 Offered on 72 side wall of filter position except material mouth 724, collection is equipped with positioned at the 72 circumferential edges side wall of filtering cabin except the lower section of material mouth 724 Hopper 725, the material collecting tank 725 for the high side in side it is low seamlessly transit annular groove, i.e., the material collecting tank 725 is integrally filtering It is not on 72 circumferential edges side wall of storehouse on same horizontal plane, but the material collecting tank of certain side is higher, with respect to the collection of certain side Hopper is relatively low, it is higher and relatively low between material collecting tank to seamlessly transit structure, thus material collecting tank 725 is to compared with big lumps or larger While the blasting guardrail of particle is collected, can also through this embodiment in slot structure of gathering materials the blasting guardrail of collection is converged automatically Gather the recycling for together, facilitating blasting guardrail;
The driving motor 13, first reducing motors 34, second reducing motors 45 and electric rotating machine 68 are and PLC controller 2 are electrically connected, and are thus needing to adjust the spacing of the spray angle between spray gun and workpiece surface, jet length and adjacent spray gun, And when being guided to the material spray of spray gun injection, can be by the PLC controller 2 to driving motor 13, first reducing motors 34th, second reducing motors 45 and electric rotating machine 68 are controlled adjusting, to meet the actual demand of workpiece surface processing.
Compared with prior art, workpiece surface processing sand blasting unit provided by the utility model, including sandblasting cabin, sand material Processing mechanism and PLC controller, rotate in the opposing sidewalls in sandblasting cabin and are provided with horizontally disposed support shaft, and the one of support shaft End stretch out sandblasting cabin it is outer and with the output axis connection of driving motor, be arranged at intervals with multiple horizontal mobile mechanisms in support shaft, A reciprocating mechanism is connected with each horizontal mobile mechanism, a support is connected with each reciprocating mechanism, The lower end of each support is connected with spray gun, thus support shaft can be driven to rotate under the driving of driving motor, and then pass through water Flat moving mechanism, reciprocating mechanism and support drive spray gun to rotate, so as to adjust between spray gun and workpiece surface Spray angle, horizontal mobile mechanism can control the spray gun being connected with support to be moved horizontally along the axial direction of support shaft, above move down Motivation structure can control the spray gun being connected with support to be moved up and down perpendicular to support shaft axially direction, and then can be according to work The actual needs of part surface treatment, individually adjusts the spacing and spray gun and workpiece of adjacent spray gun under the control of PLC controller The distance between surface, it is thus achieved that the quantitative control to spray gun;Meanwhile spray gun includes hollow gun body, under hollow gun body Portion is sequentially with arc center guide pad and rotates guide pad from inside to outside, rotates side table of the guide pad close to center guide pad Face is equipped with spiral flow deflector, and the lower outside surface for rotating guide pad is equipped with ring gear, thus under the driving of electric rotating machine, Can be driven by the drive gear and ring gear that are meshed and rotate guide pad and rotate, so as to jet flow to center guide pad with The material spray rotated between guide pad carries out spiral acceleration by spiral flow deflector, and then more material spray jet flows may be guided and led to center Spiral acceleration is carried out between material block and rotation guide pad, makes in a disguised form to reduce from the material spray that spray orifice among the guide pad of center projects, by This can prevent workpiece surface and the situation generation that intermediate treatment is too strong and edge treated is excessively weak occurs, effectively improve workpiece surface The uniformity of processing;In addition, heating component, stirring motor, stirring rod and agitating vane in sand material processing mechanism in mixing drum, Heating stirring preventing agglomeration can be carried out to sandblasting raw material, sieves and vibrator in sand material processing mechanism in filtering cabin can be right Blasting guardrail after heating stirring is filtered, and by the material collecting tank on filtering cabin circumferential edges side wall will lump larger or particle compared with Big blasting guardrail is collected automatically.Therefore, the sand-blasting machine that the application provides can carry out preferably spray gun in sandblasting procedures Control, so as to adjust the spacing of the angle and distance of spray gun and workpiece surface and adjacent spray gun well, and can be to injection The material spray gone out guides, and then more uniform processing can be formed to workpiece surface, and sandblasting effect preferably improves workpiece table Face quality, and blasting guardrail energy heating stirring filtering preventing agglomeration before storage sand batch can is entered, disclosure satisfy that modern manufacturing industry Demand for development.
As specific embodiment, the both ends of the support shaft 12 rotate the phase for being arranged horizontally in sandblasting cabin 1 by bearing To on side wall, thus under the driving of the driving motor 13, the support shaft 12 can turn in the opposing sidewalls in sandblasting cabin 1 It is dynamic, to realize that the spray angle between spray gun and workpiece surface is adjusted.As the presently preferred embodiments, the driving motor 13 is servo Motor, it is possible thereby to accurately be controlled the velocity of rotation of support shaft 12, makes the turned position precision of the support shaft 12 non- Often precisely.
As specific embodiment, 31 and second fixed seat 42 of the first fixed seat includes fixed block 311 and fixed column 312, the fixed block 311 is equipped with mounting hole, can supported by the mounting hole by first fixed seat 31 is fixedly sleeved On axis 12, and second fixed seat 42 is fixedly sleeved on supporting rod 41, offered on the side wall of the fixed block 311 With the stable hole of mounting hole perforation, be equipped with the stable hole and support bolt 313, by this support bolt 313 can make it is described Connection between first fixed seat 31 and support shaft 12 and between the second fixed seat 42 and supporting rod 41 is more firm, described solid Fixed column 312 is integrally formed on fixed block 311, and the first reducing motors 34 and second reducing motors 45 are fixedly mounted on fixation On column 312, specifically the first reducing motors 34 and second reducing motors 45 can be fixedly mounted on by fixed column 312 by bolt On.
As specific embodiment, the heating component 711 is resistance wire or infrared heater, wherein infrared heater With good radiation efficiency and radiation scope, it can fully ensure that the sand material in its heat tube produced absorbs, and have Very long service life.
Finally illustrate, above example is merely intended for describing the technical solutions of the present application, but not for limiting the present application, although ginseng The utility model is described in detail according to preferred embodiment, it will be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art that, can be to this The technical solution technical scheme is modified or replaced equivalently of utility model, without departing from the objective and model of technical solutions of the utility model Enclose, it should all cover among the right of the utility model.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of workpiece surface handles sand blasting unit, it is characterised in that is controlled including sandblasting cabin, sand material processing mechanism and PLC Device, the sandblasting cabin are internally provided with the article carrying platform for carrying workpiece, rotate and set in the opposing sidewalls in the sandblasting cabin There is horizontally disposed support shaft, the outside in the sandblasting cabin is equipped with driving motor, and sandblasting cabin is stretched out in one end of the support shaft Outdoor and the output axis connection with driving motor, multiple levels are arranged at intervals with the support shaft of the sandblasting cabin interior Moving mechanism, is each connected with a reciprocating mechanism on the horizontal mobile mechanism, on each reciprocating mechanism A support is connected with, the lower end of each support is connected with spray gun, and the horizontal mobile mechanism is used to control and prop up The spray gun for holding frame connection is moved horizontally along the axial direction of support shaft, and the reciprocating mechanism is used to control what is be connected with support Spray gun is moved up and down perpendicular to support shaft axially direction;
Each horizontal mobile mechanism include the first fixed seat, the first sliding sleeve, the first support arm, first reducing motors and First leading screw, first fixed seat is fixedly sleeved in support shaft, and first sliding sleeve is slidably located in support shaft, One end of first support arm is fixedly connected with the outer wall of the first sliding sleeve, and the first reducing motors are fixedly mounted on In one fixed seat, the first reducing motors drive the by the first nut on matching used first leading screw and the first leading screw One sliding sleeve is moved horizontally along the axial direction of support shaft, and one end of first leading screw is fixedly connected on first reducing motors On, the first nut on first leading screw is fixedly connected on the first sliding sleeve;
Each reciprocating mechanism subtracts including supporting rod, the second fixed seat, the second sliding sleeve, the second support arm, second Speed motor and the second leading screw, the upper end edge of the supporting rod is perpendicular to the axial direction of support shaft and the other end of the first support arm It is fixedly connected, second fixed seat is fixedly sleeved on supporting rod, and second sliding sleeve is slidably located on supporting rod, One end of second support arm is fixedly connected with the outer wall of the second sliding sleeve, and the second reducing motors are fixedly mounted on In two fixed seats, the second reducing motors drive the by the second nut on matching used second leading screw and the second leading screw Two sliding sleeves are moved up and down along the axial direction of supporting rod, and one end of second leading screw is fixedly connected on second reducing motors On, the second nut on second leading screw is fixedly connected on the second sliding sleeve;
Each support, which includes branch sleeve, connection bolt and L-shaped connecting rod, the barrel surface of the branch sleeve, to be fixed The lower end of supporting rod is connected to, the branch sleeve inner wall is equipped with internal thread, the screw rod for connecting bolt and branch sleeve Inner thread passes through branch sleeve after coordinating, one end that the screw rod is pierced by branch sleeve is fastened by nut and branch sleeve, Radial direction threaded connection hole is offered in the cylindrical head of the connection bolt, the top of the L-shaped connecting rod is equipped with and screw thread The matched screw thread of connecting hole simultaneously passes through the cylindrical head for connecting bolt, is offered on the lower end connecting portion of the L-shaped connecting rod Connecting hole;
The spray gun includes hollow gun body, and the top of the hollow gun body is equipped with gas interface and sand material interface, the gas connect Mouth is connected by gas conduit with external compression air tank, and the sand material interface passes through sand material conduit and connects with exterior storage sand batch can Connect, the middle part of sliding channel of the hollow gun body is equipped with connection ring, the connection ring and the connection on the connecting portion of L-shaped connecting rod lower end Hole is bolted, and the lower part of the hollow gun body is sequentially with arc center guide pad and rotates guide pad from inside to outside, described The upper end of center guide pad is fixedly connected with the inner wall of hollow gun body by connection strap, and the rotation guide pad is close to center guide One side surface of block is equipped with spiral flow deflector, and the guide pad that rotates is away from the opposite side upper end of center guide pad and hollow gun body Inner wall be rotatablely connected by floating bearing, it is described rotate guide pad lower end pass through one end of plane bearing and the support of bearing connect Connect, the lower outside surface for rotating guide pad is equipped with ring gear, on the support of bearing of the plane bearing side Equipped with electric rotating machine, the rotation axis of the electric rotating machine is equipped with the drive gear being meshed with ring gear, the bearing branch The other end of frame is fixedly connected with the upper outside wall of hollow gun body;
The sand material processing mechanism includes mixing drum and filtering cabin, is equipped with the barrel of the mixing drum and sand material in cylinder is added The heating component of heat, the head cover of the mixing drum are equipped with stirring motor, stirring are connected with the output shaft of the stirring motor Rod, the stirring rod are equipped with the agitating vane stirred to sand material, and the bottom of the mixing drum is equipped with pulp cutlet, the mistake The top of filter position is equipped with the feed inlet connected with pulp cutlet, and the inside of the filtering cabin is provided with the filtering that middle part raises up Sieve, the lower section of the sieves is equipped with vibrator, offers except material mouth, be located on the filtering cabin side wall being connected with the sieves The filtering cabin circumferential edges side wall except below material mouth is equipped with material collecting tank, and the material collecting tank is low smoothed in the high side in side Cross annular groove;
Driving motor, first reducing motors, second reducing motors and the electric rotating machine are electrically connected with PLC controller.
2. workpiece surface according to claim 1 handles sand blasting unit, it is characterised in that the both ends of the support shaft pass through Bearing is rotated and is arranged horizontally in the opposing sidewalls in sandblasting cabin.
3. workpiece surface according to claim 1 handles sand blasting unit, it is characterised in that the driving motor is servo electricity Machine.
4. workpiece surface according to claim 1 handles sand blasting unit, it is characterised in that first fixed seat and second Fixed seat includes fixed block and fixed column, and the fixed block is equipped with mounting hole, is offered on the side wall of the fixed block and solid Determine the stable hole of hole perforation, be equipped with the stable hole and support bolt, the fixed column is integrally formed on fixed block, described First reducing motors and second reducing motors are fixedly mounted in fixed column.
5. workpiece surface according to claim 1 handles sand blasting unit, it is characterised in that the heating component is resistance wire Or infrared heater.
CN201721311607.7U 2017-10-11 2017-10-11 A kind of workpiece surface handles sand blasting unit Active CN207289844U (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108908138A (en) * 2018-08-09 2018-11-30 蚌埠淮畔精密机械有限公司 Glass sandblasting machine
CN109024020A (en) * 2018-07-18 2018-12-18 浙锚科技股份有限公司 A kind of multiple embedding sand technique of epoxy steel strand wires
CN109571271A (en) * 2018-12-25 2019-04-05 江苏兄弟合金有限公司 A kind of ball blast technique of heating wire
CN110540119A (en) * 2019-08-21 2019-12-06 南京海天检测有限公司 Construction elevator prevents weighing down breaker check out test set

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109024020A (en) * 2018-07-18 2018-12-18 浙锚科技股份有限公司 A kind of multiple embedding sand technique of epoxy steel strand wires
CN108908138A (en) * 2018-08-09 2018-11-30 蚌埠淮畔精密机械有限公司 Glass sandblasting machine
CN108908138B (en) * 2018-08-09 2020-07-10 青海青玻实业有限公司 Glass sand blasting machine
CN109571271A (en) * 2018-12-25 2019-04-05 江苏兄弟合金有限公司 A kind of ball blast technique of heating wire
CN110540119A (en) * 2019-08-21 2019-12-06 南京海天检测有限公司 Construction elevator prevents weighing down breaker check out test set

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