CN207200191U - A kind of special bank electricity distribution box in inland river mooring area - Google Patents

A kind of special bank electricity distribution box in inland river mooring area Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207200191U
CN207200191U CN201720938301.8U CN201720938301U CN207200191U CN 207200191 U CN207200191 U CN 207200191U CN 201720938301 U CN201720938301 U CN 201720938301U CN 207200191 U CN207200191 U CN 207200191U
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China
Prior art keywords
copper bar
spaced apart
casing
bank electricity
socket
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CN201720938301.8U
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Inventor
施仲恺
唐锡军
李长海
徐杰彦
赵彪
丁孝华
王鹤
张若思
黄小鉥
董诚
王鹤飞
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National Grid (beijing) Energy Saving Design & Research Institute Co Ltd
Nari Technology Co Ltd
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National Grid (beijing) Energy Saving Design & Research Institute Co Ltd
Nari Technology Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model provides a kind of special bank electricity distribution box in inland river mooring area, including casing and the case lid with casing pairing, wall box are provided with leading-in socket, and another side wall relative with side where leading-in socket is provided with least two output sockets;Box house be provided with the first copper bar, the second copper bar, the 3rd copper bar, be spaced apart guide rail and it is corresponding with output socket quantity be spaced apart, wherein:First copper bar is used for the zero line for accessing bank electricity stake on the bank, second copper bar is used for the live wire for accessing bank electricity stake on the bank, 3rd copper bar is used to access ground wire on the bank, and the first copper bar, the second copper bar each insulate with casing, is spaced apart installed in being spaced apart on guide rail and electrically connected with output socket.Bank electricity distribution box provided by the utility model, simple in construction, conveniently moving, the power supply theory design based on " one-to-many " so that a set of bank electricity system can provide charging service for more ships simultaneously, greatly improve bank electricity utilization rate, time saving and energy saving.

Description

A kind of special bank electricity distribution box in inland river mooring area
Technical field
The present invention relates to electrical equipment technical field, and in particular to a kind of special bank electricity distribution box in inland river mooring area.
Background technology
Ship mainly meets ship electricity consumption need during port area navigates by water and reached port using diesel generating set (generating) Ask, ship needs the substantial amounts of admiralty fuel oil (heavy oil or diesel oil) that burns using the diesel generating set carried, in consumption diesel oil While obtaining electric power, ship produces pollutant emission.Zhejiang Province possesses the primary coastline in the whole nation, about more than 6600 kilometers, Good locations in connection international navigational route and state's inner branch line, and domestic river is numerous, the network of rivers is gathered so that coastal and riverboat It is increasingly flouring to transport trade.2015,13.81 hundred million tons of Zhejiang Province's cargo throughput of port, wherein coastal port cargo handling capacity 10.99 hundred million tons, 2.82 hundred million tons of inland harbour cargo handling capacity, the ship emission thus brought causes increasingly tight to atmospheric environment The influence of weight.Moreover, inland navigation craft is total to except container ship, specialized ship, also numerous small boats, aged ship, these ships Property feature be that small average tonnage, high energy consumption, pollution are big.
In recent years, energy resource consumption caused by inland harbour ship landing pier and environmental pollution getting worse, it has also become Harbour, the key object of mooring area energy-saving and emission-reduction.Department of Transportation also clearly proposes:" ship of actively pushing forward to reach port uses bank electricity, Strive newly-built harbour and marine equipment construction reach port ship use bank electricity installations and facilities, in International Cruising harbour, main passenger traffic Harbour, inland river major port and 30% big intermodal container terminal and bulk cargo terminals realize that the ship that reaches port uses bank electricity ".
Ship shore electric, during referring to that ship reaches port, the generator on ship is stopped using, and use land power supply power supply instead. Anchor service area in inland river, is to provide the public domain anchored with logistics integrated service to travel the ship on cruiseway, its Feature is that bank electricity capacity is smaller, it is specified that dockable ships quantity is less.Generally, low pressure integration bank electricity is installed in service area Stake equipment, the bank electricity of low capacity is used for the ship of stop, for providing life to electric utilities such as the air-conditioning on ship, illuminations Electricity consumption.And the bank electricity system of service area, all it is to be designed according to ship maximum electricity capacity, i.e., the bank electricity that a bank electricity stake provides is specified The rated power of separate unit generator on power=ship, to meet the power demand of all kinds of electrical equipments on ship;Therefore different rule The ship of mould size is, it is necessary to suitable bank electricity system power supply.
Existing bank electricity system, mainly include bank base power-supply device, bank ship interface arrangement, power receiving equipment three parts on ship, Ship for resting in inland river mooring area, the power supply mode of generally use " point-to-point ", that is, pass through the bank electricity installed in bank Stake (equivalent to " bank base power-supply device ") output power, electric power are input to the generator of installation aboard ship (equivalent to " ship through cable Upper power receiving equipment "), then powered by generator to all kinds of electric utilities on ship, the program is disadvantageous in that:
1st, the power supply mode of " point-to-point " determines that each bank electricity stake only for the ship electricity consumption in a berth, is used in real Electricity is often " the more berths of ship are few ", cause ship can only helpless selection bank electricity stake electricity consumption nearby, generally such bank electricity stake volume The rated power of marine generator can be more than by determining power, therefore form the idle phenomenon of electricity consumption deficiency, bank electricity, the use of bank electricity stake Electric rate substantially reduces.
2nd, in the mooring area of inland river, because of flood season or the factor such as iceound, a large amount of ship detentions are often had, due to service area berth Limited, ship overlapping can only be stopped, and 3~4 rows can be stopped when most, it usually needs is waited the long period just to take turns to power taking, is stopped Ship is difficult, time-consuming.
3rd, because bank electricity stake power supply must access cable, when cable is heavier, it is often necessary to which more people are complete by mechanical device Into the folding and unfolding of cable;For stopping ship and special shore connection box (shore connection box as being arranged on emergency power generation room) farther out, it is difficult to Flexible folding and unfolding cable, operation are extremely inconvenient.
4th, existing bank electricity access cable is not provided with overcurrent protection, when accident occurs, it is impossible to timely deenergization, easily Heavy current impact is formed to power receiving equipment on ship, personal safety is endangered, potential safety hazard be present.
In summary, how to provide a kind of adaptation connects electric equipment, can extend radiation scope and the company of existing bank electricity stake Number is connect, improves the electrical efficiency that connects of ship shore electric, reduces the electricity loss of bank electricity stake, is the skill that those skilled in the art are badly in need of solving Art problem.
Utility model content
The utility model purpose is the provision of a kind of special bank electricity distribution box in inland river mooring area, one-to-many can power, Easy to remove and operation, solves drawbacks described above existing for prior art.
Technical scheme is specific as follows used by the utility model:
A kind of special bank electricity distribution box in inland river mooring area, including casing and the case lid with casing pairing, wall box are set There is leading-in socket, another side wall relative with side where leading-in socket is provided with least two output sockets;Box house is provided with the One copper bar, the second copper bar, the 3rd copper bar, be spaced apart guide rail and it is corresponding with output socket quantity be spaced apart, wherein:It is spaced apart and is arranged on It is spaced apart on guide rail, and is electrically connected with output socket;First copper bar is used for the zero line for accessing bank electricity stake on the bank, one end of the first copper bar It is connected with the zero line in leading-in socket, the other end is connected with the zero line in output socket;Second copper bar is used to access bank electricity on the bank The live wire of stake, the live wire connection in one end and leading-in socket of the second copper bar, other end access be spaced apart after again with output socket Live wire connection;3rd copper bar is used to accessing ground wire on the bank, the ground wire connection in one end and leading-in socket of the 3rd copper bar, The other end is connected with the ground wire in output socket;First copper bar, the second copper bar each insulate with casing.
Preferably, case lid is provided with handle.Handle is used to carry the utility model device, is easy to stop ship farther out Power supply service can be also provided.
Preferably, the first insulator is provided between the first copper bar and casing;It is exhausted that second is provided between second copper bar and casing Edge.First insulator, the second insulator can play insulating effect, avoid causing short circuit.
Preferably, for the 3rd copper bar located at the adjacent side in side where leading-in socket, relative with side where the 3rd copper bar is another Side is provided with the first copper bar, the second copper bar, is spaced apart guide rail and is spaced apart.
Preferably, it is connected between casing and case lid by hinge.Cabinet design is easy to this practicality new into detachable form Maintenance, the maintenance of type device in the future.
Preferably, casing uses stainless steel with case lid, and the junction drop between casing and case lid has fluid sealant.Case The electrical equipment for protecting box house is covered, passes through the modes such as the screening of the material of casing and case lid, sealing protection so that this reality Reach IP65 with the degree of protection of new device, anti-locking apparatus is corroded under the adverse circumstances of Nei He mooring areas, extends and uses Life-span.
Preferably, output socket and the quantity being spaced apart are 2~10.Be spaced apart the overcurrent protection for circuit, avoid because The excessive lethal marine electrical equipment facility damage of electricity of circuit loading, and be spaced apart use and connect mode and access circuit, sectional protection Each bar circuit.
It is furthermore preferred that when output socket and the quantity that is spaced apart are 2 or 4, it is multiple be spaced apart be connected to the second copper bar, And it is spaced apart and output socket is one-to-one is connected.In the utility model, output socket and the quantity being spaced apart, determine that the present apparatus can be same When give more ship power takings, extend original bank electricity stake radiation scope and with electrical connection number;And output socket and it is spaced apart a pair One design, it is ensured that every circuit has overcurrent protection, improves electrical safety.
Preferably, the circuit being spaced apart between output socket is provided with meterage module.Meterage module is used to unite Count the power consumption of every circuit, and be at a discount the electricity charge that should be collected after intelligently converting, realize " same bank electricity stake electricity consumption, no With ship block meter rate ".
A kind of special bank electricity distribution box in inland river mooring area provided by the utility model, compared with prior art, have such as Lower beneficial effect:
1st, the present apparatus is based on the power supply theory design of " one-to-many " so that a set of bank electricity system can be more ships simultaneously Power supply service is provided, bank electricity utilization rate is greatly improved, also reduces the electricity cost of ship master;
2nd, the present apparatus is simple in construction, conveniently moving, and using not limited by place, whether the nearer ship of offshore electricity stake is also It is that remote ship can provide power supply service simultaneously, both avoided navigation channel from blocking, saves the stand-by period again;
3rd, overflow protecting element is provided with the casing of the present apparatus, sectional is protected each bar circuit, avoided because excessively stream causes ship Electrical equipment on oceangoing ship is damaged, and improves electrical safety.
It should be noted that the power supply theory for " one-to-many " that the utility model device contains, is exported in bank base power supply Onto this section of circuit of ship power receiving equipment, the artificial present apparatus that increases is come to more ships tap power supplies, a supply line from It is also to be completed in the casing of the present apparatus to split into a plurality of grid-connected circuit.Disclosed in this some patent document with prior art " one drag more " bank electricity system, significant difference still be present in its operation principle, such as Publication No. CN 202261043U China A kind of multi-functional ship shore electric power equipment disclosed in utility model patent, though call oneself the topological structure of use " one drag more ", But its operation principle is analyzed, is still that after carrying out grid-connected design at bank base power supply, the man-to-man bank electricity that is input to of electric power is inserted Connect case (equivalent to the utility model device), then by bank electricity jack box by cable to ship power supply, substantially still " a pair One " power supply relation.In addition, the power consumption rate of the patent and unresolved inland river mooring area " the more berths of ship are few " are low, stand-by period length Predicament.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the dimensional structure diagram of the present apparatus.
Fig. 2 is the box inner structure schematic diagram of the present apparatus.
Fig. 3 be along Fig. 2 A-A to the left side (a) after section, right (b) two-part structural representation.
Fig. 4 is the box inner structure schematic diagram when present apparatus contains metering module.
Fig. 5 is the operating diagram to be charged simultaneously to more ships using the present apparatus.
Embodiment
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, the special bank electricity distribution box in a kind of inland river mooring area, including casing 3 and matched with casing 3 Case lid 2, case lid 2 is provided with handle 1;It is connected between casing 3 and case lid 2 by hinge 6 so that case lid 2 is fixed on casing 3 On, and the junction drop of case lid 2 and casing 3 has fluid sealant, to ensure that the degree of protection of whole bank electricity distribution box reaches IP56.
Further, the material of casing 3 and case lid 2 uses stainless steel, prevents that the utility model device is severe at harbour It is corroded under environment.
Casing 3 is a square frame, by the side wall of front, rear, left and right four and a bottom group all vertical with four side walls Into;Wherein, the rear wall of casing 3 is provided with a leading-in socket 5, and the front side wall of casing 3 is provided with some output sockets 4.Leading-in socket 5 With bank electricity stake on the bank by cable connection, output socket 4 and ship power receiving equipment output socket 4 and are entered by cable connection Line socket 5 all selects the industrial socket of IP65 degree of protection, ensures Electrical Safety during cable connection.
In the utility model, the installation site of output socket 4 and leading-in socket 5 is unlimited, can be located at casing 3 as previously described Opposing sidewalls on, can also be located on the adjacent wall of casing 3, according to being actually needed adjustment.
As shown in figure 3, the inside of casing 3 is provided with the first copper bar 31, the second copper bar 32, the 3rd copper bar 33, is spaced apart 34 and empty Convince rail 35 by patient analysis.Wherein, the 3rd copper bar 33 is located at the right side wall of casing 3 (i.e. positioned at adjacent the one of the place rear wall of leading-in socket 5 Side), the first copper bar 31, the second copper bar 32, it is spaced apart guide rail 35 and is spaced apart 34 left side walls all located at casing 3 and (inserted positioned at outlet Seat 4 place front side walls adjacent side), be spaced apart 34 be arranged on be spaced apart on guide rail 35.
Further, the first copper bar 31 is used for the zero line for accessing bank electricity stake on the bank, and one end of the first copper bar 31 is inserted with inlet wire Zero line connection in seat 5, the other end are connected with the zero line in output socket 4;Second copper bar 32 is used to access bank electricity stake on the bank Live wire, one end of the second copper bar 32 are connected with the live wire in leading-in socket 5, the other end access be spaced apart 34 after again with output socket 4 In live wire connection;3rd copper bar 33 is used to access ground wire on the bank, one end and the ground in leading-in socket 5 of the 3rd copper bar 33 Line is connected, and the other end is connected with the ground wire in output socket 4.
Further, the first insulator 36 is provided between the first copper bar 31 and the left side wall of casing 3, to ensure the first copper bar 31 insulate with casing 3;Likewise, the second insulator 37 is provided between the second copper bar 32 and the left side wall of casing 3;To ensure second Copper bar 32 insulate with casing 3.
Further, be spaced apart 34 and be arranged on and be spaced apart on guide rail 35, be spaced apart 34 with output socket 4 is man-to-man electrically connects.
In the utility model, the first copper bar 31, the second copper bar 32, the 3rd copper bar 33, it is spaced apart 34 and is spaced apart the peace of guide rail 35 Holding position is unlimited, can be located at as previously described in the opposing sidewalls inside casing 3, the sides adjacent that can also be located inside casing 3 On wall, according to being actually needed adjustment.
In the utility model, the quantity of output socket 4 is unlimited, including but not limited to as shown in Figure 1 or 24, may be used also Think 2,3,5 ... etc., considered according to the actual power capacity of bank electricity stake.Likewise, 34 quantity is not spaced apart it also not Limit, including but not limited to as shown in Figure 2 or Figure 34, it can also be 2,3,5 ... etc., go out as long as meeting one Corresponding one of line socket 4 is spaced apart 34, to ensure each to be spaced apart circuit corresponding to 34 and can play a part of overcurrent protection.
As shown in figure 4, the inside of casing 3 further comprises meterage module 38 corresponding with being spaced apart 34 quantity, metering is received Expense module 38, which is located at, to be spaced apart on the circuit between 34 and output socket 4.Meterage module 38 is used for the use for counting every circuit Electricity, and be at a discount the electricity charge that should be collected, pay imformation can be transmitted by telecommunication protocol to located at bank after intelligently converting Accounting module in electric stake, be easy to ship electricity consumption terminate after charge-by-card, realize " same bank electricity stake electricity consumption, different ships Block meter rate ".
As shown in figure 5, the bank electricity distribution box that a kind of inland river mooring area provided by the utility model is special, the course of work are specific It is as follows:
First, first ship drives into inland river mooring area and prepares to connect electricity;First entering bank electricity stake on the bank and the side wall of casing 3 Line socket 5 is connected with cable, is swiped the card after being connected in bank electricity stake, power taking, then with cable by one of the side wall of casing 3 Output socket 4 is connected with ship power receiving equipment, close the inside of casing 3 it is corresponding with the output socket 4 be spaced apart 34, you can general Bank electricity is delivered on ship.
Similarly, when first ship electricity consumption does not complete, second ship, which also drives into inland river mooring area, to be badly in need of connecing electricity;Now It need to be only connected by cables to from another output socket 4 ' of the side wall of casing 3 on the power receiving equipment of second ship, close case Being spaced apart corresponding to the inside of body 3 34 ' can power taking.
In the utility model, on the premise of meeting that the shunting power supply of bank electricity stake electric power is sufficient, a bank electricity distribution box can root Corresponding ship number charging is supplied to according to the upper limit quantity of output socket 4, greatlys save the charging stand-by period.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of special bank electricity distribution box in inland river mooring area, including casing (3) and the case lid (2) with casing (3) pairing, described Casing (3) side wall be provided with leading-in socket (5), go out with the relative another side wall in side where leading-in socket (5) provided with least two Line socket (4);The first copper bar (31), the second copper bar (32) are provided with inside described casing (3), the 3rd copper bar (33), is spaced apart and leads Rail (35) and it is corresponding with output socket (4) quantity be spaced apart (34), wherein:
It is spaced apart (34) and is arranged on and be spaced apart on guide rail (35), and is electrically connected with output socket (4);
First copper bar (31) is used for the zero line for accessing bank electricity stake on the bank, one end of the first copper bar (31) with leading-in socket (5) Zero line is connected, and the other end is connected with the zero line in output socket (4);
Second copper bar (32) is used for the live wire for accessing bank electricity stake on the bank, one end of the second copper bar (32) with leading-in socket (5) Live wire connects, and other end access is spaced apart after (34) is connected with the live wire in output socket (4) again;
3rd copper bar (33) is used to access ground wire on the bank, and one end and the ground wire in leading-in socket (5) of the 3rd copper bar (33) connect Connect, the other end is connected with the ground wire in output socket (4);
First copper bar (33), the second copper bar (32) each insulate with casing (3).
2. the special bank electricity distribution box in inland river mooring area according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described case lid (2) It is provided with handle (1).
3. the special bank electricity distribution box in inland river mooring area according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the first described copper bar (31) the first insulator (36) is provided between casing (3);It is exhausted that second is provided between described the second copper bar (32) and casing (3) Edge (37).
4. the special bank electricity distribution box in inland river mooring area according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the 3rd described copper bar (33) set located at the adjacent side in side where leading-in socket (5), the opposite side relative with side where the 3rd described copper bar (33) There are the first copper bar (31), the second copper bar (32), be spaced apart guide rail (35) and be spaced apart (34).
5. the special bank electricity distribution box in inland river mooring area according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described casing (3) It is connected between case lid (2) by hinge (6).
6. the special bank electricity distribution box in inland river mooring area according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described casing (3) Stainless steel is used with case lid (2), the junction drop between casing (3) and case lid (2) has fluid sealant.
7. the special bank electricity distribution box in inland river mooring area according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described output socket (4) and to be spaced apart the quantity of (34) be 2~10.
8. the special bank electricity distribution box in inland river mooring area according to claim 7, it is characterised in that when described outlet is inserted Seat (4) and when to be spaced apart the quantity of (34) be 2 or 4, multiple described be spaced apart (34) are connected to the second copper bar (32), and sky Open (34) and output socket (4) is one-to-one is connected.
9. the special bank electricity distribution box in inland river mooring area according to any one of claim 1~8, it is characterised in that described The circuit being spaced apart between (34) and output socket (4) be provided with meterage module (38).
CN201720938301.8U 2017-07-28 2017-07-28 A kind of special bank electricity distribution box in inland river mooring area Active CN207200191U (en)

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CN201720938301.8U CN207200191U (en) 2017-07-28 2017-07-28 A kind of special bank electricity distribution box in inland river mooring area

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720938301.8U CN207200191U (en) 2017-07-28 2017-07-28 A kind of special bank electricity distribution box in inland river mooring area

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111697362A (en) * 2020-06-16 2020-09-22 国网福建省电力有限公司 Portable low-power outdoor mobile distribution box

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111697362A (en) * 2020-06-16 2020-09-22 国网福建省电力有限公司 Portable low-power outdoor mobile distribution box

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