Modularization ready-package discharging platform for assembled architecture
The utility model belongs to technical field of building construction, and in particular to a kind of modularization fast-assembling for assembled architecture
Formula discharging platform.
In recent years, as economic development, building trade are increasingly paid attention to energy resource consumption, environmental pollution；Assembled architecture
Possess environmental protection, the pollution for reducing site operation, the characteristics of efficiency of construction is high, can compared with the construction that house is completed in casual labourer's phase,
It is one of preferred embodiment of house construction of modernization.And in the transfer of the material between layers in building construction process,
Discharging platform has bad luck equipment as essential one kind；In addition, in secondary structure construction building block, mortar etc. transport
Similarly need to realize by discharging platform.The type of present discharging platform mainly includes console mode discharging platform and overhanging type
Discharging platform, and the overhanging type discharging platform used at present is generally made up of steel platform and steel wire rope.When in use, steel platform is solid
At understructure floor and it is cantilever-shaped extend outside balcony, meanwhile, the outstanding of steel platform is fixed in steel wire rope one end
Choose section and be fixed on the steel wire rope other end at the anchor point of upper strata exterior wall, so as to realize the reliable fixing function of steel platform.On
The defects of stating existing discharging platform is：At present for the design of anchor point at upper strata, all using method of precoating, namely in design
Place just turns around reinforcing bar in " Ω " shape and the two foots embedment of the reinforcing bar is outer within the walls.The group of discharging platform is successively being carried out every time
During dress, the affixed operation of progress anchor point repeated is not only needed, while also need to frequently carry out the affixed reliability of anchor point
Evaluation and test.More seriously, because reinforcing bar is directly cast in outside within the walls, cause after the completion of construction, how to carry out
Exterior wall finishing turns into problem.The means of existing processing above mentioned problem are targetedly increase reinforcing bar cutting actions, namely pass through people
Work operates bar cutter come the reinforcing bar cut off at exterior wall successively, so that wall surface levelling.But, on the one hand, to realize anchor
Connectivity between solid point and lower floor's steel platform, anchor point are usually required to be arranged at the window opening OR gate hole top cross-bar of exterior wall, made
Reinforcing bar cut off operation exist operation danger.On the other hand, artificial cutting mode can not possibly make it that the section of reinforcing bar is completely flat
Neat outer surface of wall, cause to have to be further added by polishing operation, operation is obviously extremely wasted time and energy, and seriously hinders practice of construction
The content of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to overcome above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art, there is provided a kind of rational in infrastructure and practical is used for
The modularization ready-package discharging platform of assembled architecture, its safe to use, simple and efficient to handle and low manufacture cost, can show
Write lifting practice of construction progress.
To achieve the above object, the utility model employs following technical scheme：
A kind of modularization ready-package discharging platform for assembled architecture, including steel platform, the fixation of the steel platform
End is disposed to extend along the structure floor upper face of current layer；The other end of steel platform is then stretched with the opposite direction of fixing end bearing of trend
Go out outside the balcony of the Rotating fields floor so as to form the section of encorbelmenting for placing material；It is characterized in that：To be symmetrically arranged in
Two hangers of section both sides of encorbelmenting are one group of hanger unit, the hanger unit be two groups and along steel platform bearing of trend sequentially
Arrangement；Outer wall body is provided with preformed hole on exterior wall at each Rotating fields floor, it is removably affixed at preformed hole
There is anchor ring；To be relatively distant from one group of hanger unit of structure floor as the first hanger unit, and corresponding another group of hanger unit
For the second hanger unit；First hanger unit by pull rope and at the anchor ring that is anchored at the exterior wall of last layer structure floor,
And the second hanger unit is anchored in by pull rope at the anchor ring at the exterior wall of current layer structure floor.
Preferably, the anchor ring includes socketing screw rod, and the screw profile that sockets is in that one end is shaft-like for loop-like screw thread
Structure；Screw rod is socketed to penetrate in preformed hole, and socketing at the nose end of preformed hole two be combined with respectively at screw rod shaft pad and
Clamp nut, to cause twice pad to compress exterior wall in the axial direction so as to which fixation sockets screw rod at exterior wall.
Preferably, at the threaded one end bar segment socketed at screw tip, in addition to clamp nut going back screw thread is combined with
Play the stop nut of mechanical locking functions；Stop nut is not less than 50mm with socketing screw tip interplanar distance.
Preferably, place is folded with one piece of counterweight between the structure floor of the fixing end of the steel platform and steel platform place layer
Beam slab, the counterweight beam slab are held on structure floor and the affixed cooperation of bolt are formed between the fixing end.
Preferably, a foot-abutment beam, the foot-abutment Liangping trade front layer structure floor are connected with the bottom surface of steel platform
The beam body of the outside metope and foot-abutment beam of locating balcony is horizontally disposed with；When being shelved with material in steel platform, the section of encorbelmenting of steel platform
Stress is pushed and so that foot-abutment beam face is resisted against at the outside metope of the balcony；When steel platform is in idle state, foot-abutment
Beam returns back to initial position so as to have fit clearance between the outside metope of above-mentioned balcony.
Preferably, the bottom surface of the steel platform is inclined in what side height where lateralling secure end where section of encorbelmenting gradually reduced
Ramp structure, the both sides normal throw of steel platform is 150mm.
Preferably, the pull rope is Ф 21.5mm steel wire rope, and the both ends of pull rope are fixed due to corresponding by restricting
Preferably, pull rope and horizontal plane angle are 45~60 °.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are：
1), the utility model solves reinforcing bar at the anchor point of traditional discharging platform and leaves and must cut off in the later stage scarce
Fall into, then provide a kind of construction material to match that can be constructed with assembled arthitecutral structure and transport Turnoverplatform.This platform
On the basis of steel platform is retained, using the prefabricated characteristic of each module of assembled architecture, so that when exterior wall pours with regard to advance
Preformed hole is designed on exterior wall.Later stage is formed dismountable by assembling and the supporting dismountable anchor ring of preformed hole
Anchor point, so as to provide construction material vertical transport needs for assembled arthitecutral structure construction.This platform is due to above-mentioned anchor ring
To the detachability of total, on the one hand make it that whole platform energy is overall with same drop is risen with building structure operation, respectively
Anchor ring and assembly parts are reused, and assembly and disassembly are extremely convenient；On the other hand, once anchor ring is removed, preformed hole is only left at exterior wall,
So as to hamper later stage finishing operation, its efficiency of construction can be obviously improved.In addition, the affixed of pull rope is being carried out
When, the affixed mode of lower leaf should be followed, to lift the traction steadiness of the section of encorbelmenting of steel platform and functional reliability.
2) can be realized, as supporting existing anchor ring between preformed hole, during practical operation by various structures, such as using
The direct screw thread fixed connection mode of preformed hole and threaded rod, or arrange crotch or closed loop using T-shaped anchor pole and on the top of T-shaped anchor pole
So as to coordinate pull rope etc..As the further preferred scheme of such scheme, this platform is selected and sockets screw rod tie spacer and spiral shell
Female make.During practical operation, pad and clamp nut are worn on screw rod is socketed first, and it is reserved to socket screw rod edge
Hole penetrates, then continues to wear pad and clamp nut successively in the screw tip for socketing screw rod, ultimately forms the clamping of two panels pad
The nose end of exterior wall preformed hole two, and twice clamp nut realizes the function that pad compresses, to ensure that anchor ring can with respect to the affixed of exterior wall
By property.Further, because the one end for socketing screw rod is closed-loop end, therefore the one-way stop of relative exterior wall can naturally be realized
Function；Stop nut is now arranged again in the top end for socketing screw rod, to ensure that the unidirectional of the clamp nut at the end is stopped
Kinetic force.The coordinated of clamp nut, then tightly clamping outer wall body.
3), as another emphasis structure of the present utility model, the utility model is at the bottom surface of steel platform close to balcony
Outside metope and a horizontal foot-abutment beam is set.The setting of foot-abutment beam, play assistance stress and share things posited at steel platform
The function of lower pressure during material, this can effectively be avoided the section of encorbelmenting of steel platform directly by lower pressure and push down balcony edge with all strength
Caused balcony scrapes damage situation, while is also beneficial to the stress for reducing pull rope, so as to lift the actual use longevity of pull rope
Life.And in actual design, it is desirable to when section of encorbelmenting does not stress, coordinate tilting steel platform layout, whole steel platform can be caused
Balcony edge is left under the Action of Gravity Field of the counterweight beam slab of fixing end, foot-abutment beam should also be as between having between metope on the outside of balcony
Away from so as to avoid balcony when steel platform is left unused by extra scraping situation.When encorbelmenting section stress, one side steel platform is natural
Push and apply pressure to balcony, on the other hand then by the face adhibition of foot-abutment beam, and cause a part of material pressure by foot-abutment beam
Undertaken, and then make it that the safety in utilization of this platform can be obviously improved.
4), pull rope is Ф 21.5mm steel wire rope, and the both ends of pull rope schedule corresponding fixed bit by restricting to fix
Place is put, to ensure the affixed reliability of pull rope.Pull rope is 45~60 ° with horizontal plane angle, and the angle can effectively lift it
Affixed stability and reliability, the processing safety of whole platform can obtain further raising.And the setting of counterweight beam slab, then have
Effect avoid steel platform be directly fastened on structure floor so as to building in itself caused by structural failure；Simultaneously as
Equipped beam slab is directly rested on structure floor, thus can also coordinate foot-abutment beam come cooperative achievement steel platform encorbelment section upwarping under
Press work.In addition, when carrying out successively lifting steel platform every time, counterweight beam slab also can together lift with steel platform, without secondary
Assembling, while security can be also effectively ensured, the install convenient of whole platform obviously also can obtain further lifting.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is working state schematic representation of the present utility model；
Fig. 2 is assembling schematic diagram of the anchor ring with respect to preformed hole at exterior wall；
Fig. 3 is the structure top view of steel platform.
The actual corresponding relation of each label of the utility model and component names is as follows：
A- structure floor b- exterior wall c- preformed holes
10- steel platforms 11- encorbelments section
21- the first hanger unit 22- the second hanger units
30- anchor rings 31- sockets screw rod 32- pad 33- clamp nut 34- stop nuts
40- foot-abutment beam 50- pylon 60- triangular support brackets
70- pull rope 80- counterweight beam slabs
For ease of understanding, here in connection with accompanying drawing 1-3, to entering one below concrete structure of the present utility model and working method work
Shown in the utility model concrete structure reference picture 1, its agent structure is put down by pylon 50, triangular support bracket 60, steel
Platform 10 and anchor ring 30 are formed.Wherein, steel platform 10 can use platform architecture as shown in Figure 3, and pass through consolidating steel platform 10
Fixed end extends at structure floor a upper faces and shelved at counterweight beam slab 80, affixed to form bolt between the two.As for steel platform
10 section 11 of encorbelmenting, then outside the balcony for extending current layer structure floor, so as to realize material shelve and transfer operation.
As shown in Figure 1 on the basis of said structure, the utility model is arranged symmetrically the at the both sides of steel platform 10
One hanger unit 21 and the second hanger unit 22, hanger is set respectively so as to the one of affixed pull rope 70 at two groups of hanger units
End.Each hanger should use HPB235 reinforcement fabrications, and throat depth is not less than 0.6mm, two-sided full weld, and length and meets construction rule
Model, in one's ear polishing prevent from cutting rope.In addition, in current layer structure floor and the exterior wall of the face balcony of last layer structure floor
On b, the preformed hole c through exterior wall b walls is just reserved when making；And it is matched, the utility model is also devised with
Dismountable anchor ring 30 as shown in Figure 2, to be assemblied at any time in preformed hole c.During practical operation, by first by anchor ring 30
As shown in Figure 2 is assemblied in preformed hole c, so as to realize fixing function of the anchor ring 30 with respect to exterior wall b, afterwards again by pull rope 70
End be fixed at anchor ring 30, to realize the stretching fixing function of the section 11 of encorbelmenting of relative steel platform 10.Anchor ring 30 it is specific
Construction then as shown in Figure 1-2, including two groups of 32, two groups of pad, 33, one groups of clamp nut stop nuts 34 and as main structure body
One end socket screw rod 31 with closed loop；Exerting pressure by clamp nut 33 during operation so that two groups of pads 32 tightly from
Preformed hole c both ends clamping exterior wall b, finally realizes fixation purpose of the anchor ring 30 with respect to exterior wall b.
When carrying out aforesaid operations, it shall be noted that：When pull rope 70 designs, it is desirable to which duplex type shares, namely a pull rope
70 include the main rope in outside and inner side safety rope, and two rope bodies are made of the steel wire ropes of φ 21.5.Often end uses rope Ka Kegen to main rope
Set according to associated documents code requirement, auxiliary rope often with four ropes blocked by end.Each buckle interval is according to 6 to the 7 of the diameter of pull rope 70
It is equidistantly positioned again, afterbody buckle is reserved as 15cm from the spacing of fag end, and Ka Gai is then towards main rope installation, and tightened up with rope card.
Pull rope 70 and anchor ring 30 and hanger connecting portion, to prevent the mill of pull rope 70 from cutting, antifriction safeguard structure can be designed.And steel is put down
When platform 10 is installed, installation site first is hung to tower crane, is then fixed the fixing end of platform and counterweight beam slab, afterwards using pull rope
70 drawknots so that this platform is concordant with current structure floor a, then adjust steel platform 10 outer side edges it is more slightly higher 150mm than inner side edge；
After 70 comprehensive fixation of pull rope, you can use.
Further to lift functional reliability of the present utility model, the utility model is also set at the bottom surface of steel platform 10
In respect of foot-abutment beam 40.Foot-abutment beam 40 uses channel steel support, and the back side of channel-section steel is towards the external wall of the balcony of current structure floor
At face.When section 11 of encorbelmenting is shelved without material, foot-abutment beam 40 should have gap between above-mentioned outside metope, to avoid touching by mistake.
Lain on the table at section 11 of encorbelmenting material when, the stress of section of encorbelmenting 11 pushes, and the bottom surface of steel platform 10 starts to touch balcony edge, now
Foot-abutment beam 40 also just because of the pressing action of above-mentioned steel platform 10 and face is resisted against at the outside metope of balcony, it is relative so as to realize
The auxiliary load function of steel platform 10.The setting of foot-abutment beam 40 so that original direct pressing of steel platform 10 simultaneously scrapes balcony edge,
It is changed into uniform application of the steel platform 10 with respect to metope on the outside of balcony edge and balcony, not only the work of whole steel platform 10 can
Higher by property and service life, security is more preferable, and pull rope service life is higher, while the Scrap marks on balcony surface are less complete
Completely without Scrap marks, later stage finishing of being more convenient for.
In fact, preformed hole c and anchor ring 30 function not only as the anchoring piece of pull rope 70 and existed, while phase is also had concurrently
To the function of the fixture of pylon 50.On the one hand, anchor ring 30 tenses steel platform 10 by pull rope 70；On the other hand, such as
Shown in Fig. 1, anchor ring 30 also uses as the fixture of triangular support bracket 60, so that triangular support bracket 60 can consolidate
Be fixed on exterior wall b.After 60 affixed stabilization of triangular support bracket, prolong by the way that the top vertical in triangular support bracket 60 is upward
Stretch and pylon 50 is set, and then realize the security protection effect to being constructed at last layer structure floor, it is clear that achieve many things at one stroke.
To sum up, the utility model possesses the degree of modularity is high, safety in utilization is strong, simple and efficient to handle and cost of manufacture
The advantages of low.Pylon 50, triangular support bracket 60, anchor ring 30, pull rope 70 and steel platform 10 can design and form standard, with
Actual production is facilitated to make.And in practical operation, then can be by whole pylon 50, triangular support bracket 60, anchor ring 30, pull rope
70th, counterweight beam slab 80 and the assembling of steel platform 10 form single piece, drop operation so as to realize that the same liter of relatively each Rotating fields floor is same,
Each anchor ring 30 and assembly parts are reused, and assembly and disassembly are also extremely convenient, and its efficiency of construction can be also obviously improved.