CN207076338U - A kind of biological air purifier of band plant - Google Patents

A kind of biological air purifier of band plant Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207076338U
CN207076338U CN201721020118.6U CN201721020118U CN207076338U CN 207076338 U CN207076338 U CN 207076338U CN 201721020118 U CN201721020118 U CN 201721020118U CN 207076338 U CN207076338 U CN 207076338U
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air
water
biomaterial
water tank
air purifier
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陈丽梅
李昆志
冯永
王茹
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Yunnan Wan Kui Biological Science And Technology Co Ltd
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Yunnan Wan Kui Biological Science And Technology Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A50/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE in human health protection, e.g. against extreme weather
    • Y02A50/20Air quality improvement or preservation, e.g. vehicle emission control or emission reduction by using catalytic converters

Abstract

A kind of biological air purifier of band plant is the utility model is related to, belongs to technical field of air purification.The biological air purifier of described band plant includes housing, water tank, biomaterial case, sponge ball, module of dripping, high-voltage electrostatic dust separator, centrifugal fan, water pump, hydroponic plant, the cystosepiment for embedding Methylobacterium, photosynthetic bacteria minimal medium embedding after Methylobacterium with special formaldehyde metabolic pathway and removable pollution benzene homologues and improvement is fixed and obtains Methylobacterium sponge ball by the utility model using sodium alginate and carboxymethyl cellulose, as material for air purification.Sponge ball is placed in gas purification area, and hydroponic plant is planted in the water of water tank, builds the air purifier based on bioreactor principle, purifies the formaldehyde and other toxic organic compounds polluted in air, reaches the purpose to purify the air of a room.The clarifier has the characteristics of economic, economical and environmentally friendly, meets the living facilities needs green of modern people and the theory requirement of environmental protection.

Description

A kind of biological air purifier of band plant
Technical field
The utility model belongs to technical field of air purification, specifically, it is net to be related to a kind of biological air containing plant Change device.
Background technology
Formaldehyde(HCHO)The industrial circles such as being widely used in work He Cheng ﹑ industry manufacture, medicine synthesis, in chemical pesticide and Wherein mesosome synthesis field formaldehyde also plays the role of very important, therefore inevitable in the production process of modern chemistry agricultural chemicals Ground produces formaldehyde pollution air and waste water, the laboratory in many chemical pharmaceutical workshops, medicine product reagent repository and research and development departments Air is all tested with formaldehyde pollution.
The fact that harmfulness of smoking health is generally well known, there is the PM2.5 of high concentration in smog caused by cigarette lighter, also There are a variety of harmful materials, be roughly divided into six major classes:1)Nitride, olefin compound, there is stimulation to respiratory tract; 2)Nicotine class, sympathetic nerve can be stimulated, allow smoker to be formed and rely on;3)Amine, cyanide, these belong to toxicant;4) The radioactive substances such as Benzpyrene, arsenic, cadmium, methyl hydrazine, amino phenols, there is carcinogenicity;5)Phenolic compound and aldehyde material(Including first Aldehyde);6)Carbon monoxide, easily combined with hemoglobin, so as to lower red blood cell oxygen carrying capacity.These harmful substances for smoker and Second-hand-cigarette inspirator is harmful.Second-hand-cigarette is made up of two kinds of smog, and a kind of is the smog of smoker's exhalation, referred to as mainstream smoke;Separately Caused smog, referred to as shunts cigarette when one kind is cigarette combustion.Some harmful substances in shunting cigarette are than mainstream smoke content more Height, if content of the carbon monoxide in cigarette is shunted is 5 times of mainstream smoke;T/N is 3 times;Ammonia is 46 times;Nitrosamine is 50 times.Passive smoking is similar to smoker to physical effects, because vast majority of people can not possibly avoid contact with the cigarette of cigarette completely Mist, therefore second-hand-cigarette caused by smoking causes serious pollution to air.
Indoor decoration pollution is because finishing behavior is to the indoor environment produced pollution, because many developing countries are in room Unqualified finishing material and irrational design can be also used during interior decoration, causes to be mixed into harmful human body in room air The gases such as formaldehyde, benzene, ammonia and other volatile organic matters of health.Formaldehyde is the important component of adhesive, every use The product of adhesive includes wood-based plate, coating, carpet, furniture etc. does not all have fully crosslinked formaldehyde containing some, makes in house ornamentation These products are sustainable and muchly discharge uncrosslinked free formaldehyde, therefore the room air for most of families The main material of pollution is formaldehyde.Influence of the formaldehyde to human body starts to be mainly manifested in allotriosmia, stimulated(It is pungent, flow eye Tear), allergy, abnormal pulmonary function.Long Term Contact can cause various chronic respiratory diseases such as nasopharyngeal carcinoma, colon cancer, neonate's dye Colour solid is abnormal, leukaemia, causes teenager's memory and intelligence to decline.
And the purification techniques that the removal formaldehyde of air purifier purification in the market and other organic pollutions use is main There are physical adsorption techniques, nano photo catalyzed oxidation, plant purification and biodegradation technique etc., it is net with the air of physical adsorption techniques Change the consumptive material that device is required for inside periodic replacement, cause its maintenance expense expensive, product filter screen can not reclaim, and can only be used as at rubbish Reason, secondary pollution is formed to environment.It is expensive using nano photo catalyzed oxidation air purifier, to high-concentration formaldehyde and other The Organic Pollution depollution of environment is ineffective, thus many home-use nano photo catalyzed oxidations air purifier popularity rate very It is low.The air purifier developed with biodegradation technique has the characteristic of safety and environmental protection, and need not change consumptive material, but this kind of air The technology of clarifier is not mature enough, minimum in market proportion instantly.
The measure and method for taking science purify to indoor pollution air, reduce danger of the air pollution to human health Evil has become the task of top priority, so practical and efficient air purifier has turned into serious in formaldehyde and other Organic Pollutions Environment China work or life crowd required article.
The content of the invention
In order to overcome problem present in background technology, the present invention develops a kind of biological air purifier, using fixed first The sponge ball of base shaft bacterium, the sponge column for embedding photosynthetic bacteria or material that hydroponic plant is the purification utensil organic pollution, In clarifier running, the pollution air containing organic matter is absorbed into cell by these biological purification materials first, in cell It is interior that nontoxic metabolite is converted into by the effect of enzyme, the purpose that poisonous organic gas is polluted in air is removed so as to reach, Particulate matter in dusty gas is removed by the high-voltage electrostatic dust separator of the superiors, therefore the biological air purifier is not required to change Consumptive material, meet the living facilities needs green of modern people and the theory requirement of environmental protection.
To achieve the above object, the utility model is achieved by the following technical solution:
Described biological air purifier includes housing 1, water tank 2, biomaterial case 3, sponge ball 4, module of dripping 5, height Press electrostatic precipitator 6, centrifugal fan 7, water pump 8, hydroponic plant 19, cystosepiment 20, LED light supplement lamp 30;Bottom in described housing 1 Portion is provided with water tank 2, and hydroponic plant 19 is cultivated after being fixed by cystosepiment 20 in water tank 2, and water pump 8 is provided with water tank 2, The top of water tank 2 is provided with biomaterial case 3, is air intake area between water tank 2 and biomaterial case 3, on the housing 1 in air intake area It is even to open up air admission hole 9, air-vent 10 is uniformly opened up on the lower sides of biomaterial case 3, corresponding to the bottom of biomaterial case 3 Also uniformly offer air admission hole 9 on housing 1, the bottom of biomaterial case 3 offers treatment hole 35, biomaterial case 3 built with The sponge ball 4 of Methylobacterium is embedded, LED light supplement lamp 30 is housed on the inwall of housing 1 in air intake area;The top peace of biomaterial case 3 Equipped with module 5 of dripping, module of dripping 5 is fenestral fabric, and its bottom even offers weeper 11, and module of dripping 5 is entered The mouth of a river 12 is connected by outlet pipe 13 with water pump 8;The top of module of dripping 5 is provided with high-voltage electrostatic dust separator 6, and high-pressure electrostatic removes The top of dirt device 6 is wind outlet area, is provided with air-out hinged louver 14 on the housing 1 of wind outlet area, the top of housing 1 be provided with from Heart fan 7.
Preferably, described hydroponic plant 19 is can absorb and be metabolized the evergreen of formaldehyde, epipremnum aureum, happiness woods taro, Chang Chun Rattan, canna, water hyacinth, water lettuce, the red palm, close fruit taro, be arrowroot, fourleaf peperomia herb, Drymoglossum subcordatum, bracketplant, fairy bamboo, climing green suede, black Algae, water lily, black soybean, broad bean, rice or corn.
Further, described housing 1 is made up of body part 15, bonnet 16, and bonnet 16 passes through screw with body part 15 Connection, the bottom of body part 15 are provided with four universal wheels 17, and described air admission hole 9 is uniformly arranged on body part 15 In three side walls, described air-out hinged louver 14 is arranged on the antetheca top of body part 15, and described water tank 2 uses transparent material Material is made, and the bottom of 15 3 side walls of body part offers transparent area 21.
Further, described biological air purifier also includes intelligent kernel control module unit 22, multiple sensor is adopted Collect unit 23, civil power output control unit 24, high-voltage electrostatic dust separator relay-operated controller 25,220V water pump relay controllers 26th, 220V cooling fan relays controller 27, touch induction keyboard unit 29, display screen 31, LED light supplement lamp relay-operated controller 37, described multiple sensor collecting unit 23 is connected with intelligent kernel control module unit 22, wherein, multiple sensor collection Unit 23 is level sensor 28, Temperature Humidity Sensor, PM2.5 sensors, formaldehyde sensor, TVOC sensors;Intelligent kernel Control module unit 22 is connected with civil power output control unit 24, and high-pressure electrostatic precipitation is provided with civil power output control unit 24 Device relay-operated controller 25,220V water pump relays controller 26,220V cooling fan relays controller 27, LED light supplement lamp relay Device controller 37,220V water pump relays controller 26,220V cooling fan relays controller 27 respectively with water pump 8, centrifugal fan 7 Connection, high-voltage electrostatic dust separator relay-operated controller 25 are connected with high-voltage electrostatic dust separator 6, intelligent kernel control module unit 22 On be provided with touch induction keyboard unit 29 and the display screen 31, LED for showing the data of multiple sensor collecting unit 23 Light compensating lamp 30 is connected with LED light supplement lamp relay-operated controller 37, LED light supplement lamp relay-operated controller 37 and intelligent kernel control mould Module unit 22 connects.
Preferably, being provided with dust cap 33 on the filler 32 of described water tank 2, the water inlet of water pump 8 is provided with Filter 34.
Preferably, nylon cloth bag or air-and water-permeable performance good nonwoven of the described sponge ball 4 using 60-100 mesh It is put into after cloth bag parcel in gas purification area.
Preferably, the bottom of described biomaterial case 3 is in funnel type structure, the bottom of funnel type structure offers filter Water hole 35.
Further, the preparation technology of described sponge ball 4:
1)The culture of Methylobacterium
Methylobacterium MR1(Methylobacterium zatmanni strain), it is in China typical culture collection The deposit number at center is CCTCC M 2017322.
The MR1 strains of -80 DEG C of preservations are inoculated on the minimal medium flat board of Methylobacterium, constant temperature at 25-28 DEG C Case culture grows single bacterium colony in 1-2 days, chooses single bacterium colony and is inoculated in 50ml liquid inorganic salt culture mediums, shaking table shakes under 25-28 DEG C of illumination Culture 3 days is swung, is inoculated into 10-20% inoculum concentration in 1 liter of liquid inorganic salt culture medium and does large-scale culture under the same conditions 3-7 days, when thalline OD600 reaches 1.0, stop culture.
Wherein, KH is contained in 1 liter of minimal medium2PO4 5g、K2HPO4 1g、(NH4) 2SO4 2.6g、MgSO4· 7H2O 0.2g、CaCl2 0.01g、FeSO4·7H2O 0.001g, 5mM natrium malicums, solid medium add 1.5% agar.
2)MR1 thalline embed the preparation of liquid
By step 1)The photosynthetic bacteria inorganic salt liquid culture medium and 3 g improved in equal volume are added in the MR1 bacterium solutions of middle culture Active powdered carbon, then fully mixed with isometric sodium alginate and the mixed liquor of carboxymethyl cellulose again.
The mass percent of sodium alginate is 1.0%, and the mass percent of carboxymethyl cellulose is 2%, and sodium alginate and Carboxymethyl cellulose powder is placed in the dissolving of 55oC shaking tables shaken overnight after need to adding cold water, can be used after cooling.
Wherein, NH is contained in the photosynthetic bacteria inorganic salt liquid culture medium of 1 liter of improvement4Cl 1.5g、MgCl 0.5g、KH2PO4 2.8g, NaCl 25 g, PH7.0 and 3g activity powdered carbon.
3)The embedding and fixation of MR1 thalline
Sponge block thick 3cm it is soaked it is drenched after cut glomeration, sponge ball is put into plastic tub, poured into and sponge spheroid The embedding liquid of product equivalent, enters embedding hydraulic pressure in sponge ball with fashion of extrusion, after embedding liquid fully penetrates into the hole of sponge ball The embedding liquid of sponge ball excess surface is wiped off, then the sponge ball for being filled embedding liquid is transferred in 2% calcium chloride solution, is reacted 10-20 minutes make the sodium ion of calcium ion substitution sodium alginate, so as to which MR1 somatic cells are embedded into the hole of sponge ball, It is drawn off after the embedding liquid of sponge ball is fully cured, is put into immersion 10-30 minutes in running water.
4)The preservation of sponge ball
It is 40-50% that sponge ball after embedding Methylobacterium, which is wrung dry to moisture content, is embedded to and passes through after being packed with non-woven bag Wash in clean perlite, it is drenched that watering makes perlite thoroughly absorb water, and is subsequently placed in room temperature or freezer and preserves.
The beneficial effects of the utility model:
The utility model sodium alginate and carboxymethyl cellulose will have special formaldehyde metabolic pathway and can remove pollution The fixed acquisition Methylobacterium sponge ball of photosynthetic bacteria minimal medium embedding after the Methylobacterium of benzene homologues and improvement, methyl bacterium Sponge ball is placed in gas purification area, and hydroponic plant is planted in water tank, net so as to construct the air based on bioreactor principle Change device, purify the formaldehyde and other toxic organic compounds polluted in air.The clarifier has the spy of economic, material benefit and environmental protection Point, meet the living facilities needs green of modern people and the theory requirement of environmental protection.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is clarifier leading flank structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is clarifier trailing flank of the present utility model structural representation;
Fig. 3 is internal structure schematic diagram of the present utility model;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of water tank;
Fig. 5 is the front view of biological stuffing-box;
Fig. 6 is the top view of biological stuffing-box;
Fig. 7 biomaterials case contains the top view after sponge ball;
Fig. 8 is the positive structure schematic of module of dripping;
Fig. 9 is the reverse structure schematic of module of dripping;
Figure 10 is control module structural framing figure of the present utility model;
Figure 11 is the structural representation of the utility model display screen;
Figure 12 is the cut-away view of the utility model intelligent kernel control module unit;
Figure 13 is the utility model civil power output control unit structural framing figure;
Figure 14 is epipremnum aureum root system formaldehyde metabolism spectrum.
In figure, 1- housings, 2- water tanks, 3- biomaterials case, 4- sponge balls, 5- drip module, 6- high-voltage electrostatic dust separators, 7- centrifugal fans, 8- water pumps, 9- air admission holes, 10- air-vents, 11- weepers, 12- water inlets, 13- water inlet pipes, 14- air-out are lived Leaf window, 15- body parts, 16- bonnets, 17- universal wheels, 19- hydroponic plants, 20- cystosepiments, 21- transparent areas, 22- intelligence cores Heart control module unit, 23- multiple sensors collecting unit, 24- civil powers output control unit, 25- high-voltage electrostatic dust separators after Appliance controller, 26-220V water pump relays controller, 27-220V cooling fan relays controller, 28- level sensors, 29- Touch induction keyboard unit, 30-LED light compensating lamps, 31- display screens, 32- filler, 33- dust caps, 34- filters, 35- drainages Hole, 37-LED light compensating lamp relay-operated controllers.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the utility model embodiment and accompanying drawing, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the utility model is carried out clear Chu, it is fully described by, it is clear that described embodiment is only the utility model part of the embodiment, rather than whole realities Apply example.Based on the embodiment in the utility model, those of ordinary skill in the art institute under the premise of creative work is not made The every other embodiment obtained, belong to the scope of the utility model protection.
As shown in figs 1-9, described biological air purifier includes housing 1, water tank 2, biomaterial case 3, embedding methyl Sponge ball 4, module of dripping 5, high-voltage electrostatic dust separator 6, centrifugal fan 7, water pump 8, hydroponic plant 19, the cystosepiment 20 of bacillus.
The described inner bottom part of housing 1 is provided with water tank 2, and described water tank 2 is loaded with water, passes through 20 kinds of plants of cystosepiment in water There is hydroponic plant 19.Described hydroponic plant 19 is the plant that can absorb and be metabolized formaldehyde, such as evergreen, epipremnum aureum, likes woods taro, be normal Spring rattan, canna, water hyacinth, water lettuce, the red palm, close fruit taro, arrowroot, fourleaf peperomia herb, Drymoglossum subcordatum, bracketplant, fairy bamboo, climing green suede, Black algae, water lily, black soybean, broad bean, rice or corn etc., hydroponic plant 19 are carried out after being fixed by cystosepiment 20 in water tank 2 Culture, and LED light supplement lamp 30 is provided with the inwall of housing 1 in air intake area, can be the life of hydroponic plant 19 by LED light supplement lamp 30 It is long that light source is provided.
Described housing 1 is made up of body part 15, bonnet 16, and bonnet 16 is connected by screw with body part 15, this The bottom of body portion 15 is provided with four universal wheels 17, and described air admission hole 9 is uniformly arranged on three sides of body part 15 On wall, described air-out hinged louver 14 is arranged on the antetheca top of body part 15., can be by installation originally by opening bonnet 16 Part in body portion 15, which is removed, to be cleaned.The bottom of body part 15 is provided with four universal wheels 17, facilitates clarifier It is mobile.Described water tank 2 is prepared using transparent material, and the bottom of 15 3 walls of body opens up three transparent areas 21, available for seeing The consumption degree of height of water level and water is examined, in order in time to water tank 2 plus water.
Installation water pump 8 in water tank 2, the top of water tank 2 is provided with biomaterial case 3, between water tank 2 and biomaterial case 3 For air intake area, air admission hole 9 is uniformly offered on the housing 1 in air intake area, is uniformly opened up on the lower sides of biomaterial case 3 Stomata 10, and also uniformly open up air admission hole 9 on housing 1 corresponding to the bottom of biomaterial case 3.
Sponge ball 4 of the biomaterial case 3 built with embedding Methylobacterium;The sponge ball 4 of described embedding Methylobacterium is adopted With being put into after nylon cloth bag or the non-woven bag parcel of 60-100 mesh in gas purification area, the Methylobacterium of embedding is PARA FORMALDEHYDE PRILLS(91,95) And benzene homologues have height endurability and separate bacterium MR1 with metabolic conversion capability with strong absorb,(A kind of red Methylotrophic Bacterium, it is CCTCC M 2017322 in the deposit number of China typical culture collection center)As material for air purification.
Embed the preparation technology of the sponge ball 4 of Methylobacterium:
1)The culture of Methylobacterium
Methylobacterium MR1(Methylobacterium zatmanni strain), it is in China typical culture collection The deposit number at center is CCTCC M 2017322.
The MR1 strains of -80 DEG C of preservations are inoculated on the minimal medium flat board of Methylobacterium, constant temperature at 25-28 DEG C Case culture grows single bacterium colony in 1-2 days, chooses single bacterium colony and is inoculated in 50ml liquid inorganic salt culture mediums, shaking table shakes under 25-28 DEG C of illumination Culture 3 days is swung, is inoculated into 10-20% inoculum concentration in 1 liter of liquid inorganic salt culture medium and does large-scale culture under the same conditions 3-7 days, when thalline OD600 reaches 1.0, stop culture.
Wherein, KH is contained in 1 liter of minimal medium2PO4 5g、K2HPO4 1g、(NH4) 2SO4 2.6g、MgSO4· 7H2O 0.2g、CaCl2 0.01g、FeSO4·7H2O 0.001g, 5mM natrium malicums, solid medium add 1.5% agar.This Using natrium malicum as carbon source, MR1 is best to the utilizing status of natrium malicum for kind of culture medium, therefore with this medium culture MR1 Growth is quickly.
2)MR1 thalline embed the preparation of liquid
By step 1)The photosynthetic bacteria inorganic salt liquid culture medium and 3 g improved in equal volume are added in the MR1 bacterium solutions of middle culture Active powdered carbon, then fully mixed with the mixed liquor of isometric sodium alginate and carboxymethyl cellulose again.
The mass percent of sodium alginate is 1.0%, and the mass percent of carboxymethyl cellulose is 2%, and sodium alginate and Carboxymethyl cellulose powder is placed in the dissolving of 55oC shaking tables shaken overnight after need to adding cold water, can be used after cooling.
Wherein, NH is contained in the photosynthetic bacteria inorganic salt liquid culture medium of 1 liter of improvement4Cl 1.5g、MgCl 0.5g、KH2PO4 2.8g, NaCl 25 g, PH7.0 and 3g activity powdered carbon.Because gas purification area needs ceaselessly water drenching, belong to high humility ring Border, this photosynthetic bacteria inorganic salt liquid culture medium is without carbon source and contains high concentration(400mM)NaCl can prevent miscellaneous bacteria and mould in sea Grown on silk tops 4, but do not influence Methylobacterium MR1 growth, because the photosynthetic bacteria inorganic salt liquid culture medium with this improvement The MR1 thalline being embedded in can be using the formaldehyde absorbed from air and other organic pollutants as carbon source for growth.
3)The embedding and fixation of MR1 thalline
Sponge block thick 3cm it is soaked it is drenched after cut glomeration, sponge ball is put into plastic tub, poured into and sponge spheroid The embedding liquid of product equivalent, enters embedding hydraulic pressure in sponge ball with fashion of extrusion, after embedding liquid fully penetrates into the hole of sponge ball The embedding liquid of sponge ball excess surface is wiped off, then the sponge ball for being filled embedding liquid is transferred in 2% calcium chloride solution, is reacted 10-20 minutes make the sodium ion of calcium ion substitution sodium alginate, so as to which MR1 somatic cells are embedded into the hole of sponge ball, After embedding liquid is fully cured, sponge ball is taken out, is put into immersion 10-30 minutes in running water.
4)The preservation of sponge ball
It is 40-50% that the sponge ball for embedding Methylobacterium, which is wrung dry to moisture content, is embedded to after being packed with non-woven bag and passes through water In the perlite of wash clean, it is drenched that watering makes perlite thoroughly absorb water, and is subsequently placed in room temperature or freezer and preserves.
The top of biomaterial case 3 is provided with module 5 of dripping, and module of dripping 5 is netted module of dripping, its bottom even Weeper 11 is offered, the water inlet 12 of module of dripping 5 is connected by outlet pipe 13 with water pump 8;After water pump 8 starts, by water tank 2 In water be pumped into module 5 of dripping, uniformly dropped onto in biomaterial case 3 and wrapped by the weeper 11 for the bottom of module 5 of dripping Bury on the sponge ball 4 of Methylobacterium, persistently watered to sponge ball 4, embed Methylobacterium sponge ball 4 completely water suction after, make into Enter pollutant soluble in water in air in biomaterial case 3 such as formaldehyde be easier the to be embedded sponge ball 4 of Methylobacterium to adsorb, Finally absorbed by Methylobacterium.In addition, module 5 of dripping is dripped also has cleaning function to air.
The bottom of described biomaterial case 3 is in funnel type structure, and the bottom of funnel type structure offers treatment hole 35, raw After the sponge ball 4 of embedding Methylobacterium suctions moisture in thing stuffing-box 3, unnecessary moisture is then opened by the bottom of biomaterial case 3 If treatment hole 35 be flowed into water tank 2, due to filling in the sponge strip 36 that drips in treatment hole 35, and the lower end for the sponge strip 36 that drips It extend into water tank 2, by dripping, the water conservancy diversion of sponge strip 36 is imported into water tank 2, can so avoid the water of biomaterial case 3 from dripping Sound is produced into water tank 2.And the water being imported into water tank 2 recycles in the presence of water pump 8 again.
The top of module of dripping 5 is provided with high-voltage electrostatic dust separator 6, and the top of high-voltage electrostatic dust separator 6 is wind outlet area, position In being provided with air-out hinged louver 14 on the housing 1 of wind outlet area, the top of housing 1 is provided with centrifugal fan 7.
When centrifugal fan 7 rotates, pass through the air admission hole 9 and biomaterial case 3 on housing 1 containing the pollutant such as formaldehyde air On air-vent 10 enter in biomaterial case 3, be embedded first in biomaterial case 3 in the sponge ball 4 of Methylobacterium Preconcentration with activated carbon, then absorbed by Methylobacterium and metabolic conversion, absorption and metabolic conversion of the Methylobacterium to pollutant can be with Prompt activation activated carbon, so that the activated carbon in embedding Methylobacterium sponge ball 4 does not have to change.In addition, it is dissolved in water There is no absorbed pollutant under flow action, be flowed into by treatment hole 35 in water tank 2, by hydroponic plant in water tank 2 19 Root Absorption and metabolic conversion, the selection root system of hydroponic plant 19 have the kind of formaldehyde assimilatory pathway.By biomaterial Air after case 3 purifies then enters electrostatic precipitation case 9 by the mesh for module 5 of dripping, and PM2.5 is removed by electrostatic precipitation case 9 Deng particulate contaminants, the air for removing the particulate contaminants such as PM2.5 is then discharged by air-out flap 14.
This air purifier prepared based on biological respinse principle, without changing consumptive material, sustainable purifying air pollution Toxic organic compounds.
As shown in figures 10-13, described biological air purifier also includes intelligent kernel control module unit 22, multichannel passes Sensor collecting unit 23, civil power output control unit 24, high-voltage electrostatic dust separator relay-operated controller 25,220V water pump relays Controller 26,220V cooling fan relays controller 27, described multiple sensor collecting unit 23 and intelligent kernel control module Unit 22 connects, wherein, multiple sensor collecting unit 23 be level sensor 28, Temperature Humidity Sensor, PM2.5 sensors, Formaldehyde sensor, TVOC sensors;Intelligent kernel control module unit 22 is connected with civil power output control unit 24, city's electricity output 220V water pump relays controller 26,220V cooling fan relays controller 27, high-pressure electrostatic precipitation are provided with control unit 24 Device relay-operated controller 25 connects, 220V water pump relays controller 26,220V cooling fan relays controller 27 respectively with water pump 8th, centrifugal fan 7 is connected, and high-voltage electrostatic dust separator relay-operated controller 25 is connected with high-voltage electrostatic dust separator 6, intelligent kernel control Touch induction keyboard unit 29 is provided with molding module unit 22 and for showing the data of multiple sensor collecting unit 23 Display screen 31.
Meanwhile LED light supplement lamp 30 is connected with LED light supplement lamp relay-operated controller 37, LED light supplement lamp relay-operated controller 37 It is connected with intelligent kernel control module unit 22, controls LED light supplement lamp 30 to carry out light filling by intelligent kernel control module unit 22.
Level sensor 28 is installed, level sensor 28 is connected with intelligent kernel control module unit 22, intelligence in water tank 2 Energy kernel control module unit 22 passes through 220V water pump relays controller 26,220V cooling fan relays controller 27 and water respectively Pump 8, centrifugal fan 7 connect;When level sensor 28 senses that the height of water level of water tank 2 is less than 1cm, signal is passed into intelligent core Heart control module unit 22,220V water pump relays controller 26,220V wind are controlled by intelligent kernel control module unit 22 Relay-operated controller 27 is fanned, water pump 8 and centrifugal fan 7 is powered off and is stopped;After to water tank 2 plus water, level sensor 28 When sensing that height of water level is more than 1cm, signal is passed into intelligent kernel control module unit 22, mould is controlled by intelligent kernel Module unit 22 controls 220V water pump relays controller 26,220V cooling fan relays controller 27 to make water pump 8 and centrifugal fan 7 extensive Multiple operating, it is normally carried out purification of air work.Described intelligent kernel control module unit 22 also respectively with Temperature Humidity Sensor, PM2.5 sensors, formaldehyde sensor, TVOC sensors are connected, and touch sensible is provided with intelligent kernel control module unit 22 Keyboard unit 29 and the display screen 31 for showing the data of multiple sensor collecting unit 23.As shown in figure 11, touch sensible Keyboard unit 29 includes power switch button, adjusts the wind speed button of the wind speed of centrifugal fan 7, controls air purifier operating time Regularly button, for starting the dedusting button of high-voltage electrostatic dust separator 6, supplied water to biomaterial case 3 for starting water pump 8 Water supply button, for starting the formaldehyde examination button of formaldehyde sensor, for starting being mended for hydroponic plant 19 for LED light supplement lamp 30 The light filling button of light source, and a key smart key are filled, a key smart key is a circulation pattern button:Specially automatic mold Formula+acoustic control, point click, and cancel automatic mode, then put and click, and into park mode, then put and click, to close acoustic control work( Can only automatic mode, then put to click and return to automatic mode.By multiple sensor collecting unit 23 realize humiture in environment, The real-time monitoring of PM2.5 concentration, concentration of formaldehyde, and the data monitored can be shown on display screen 31.
The course of work of the present utility model:
After centrifugal fan 7 rotates, pass through the air admission hole 9 and biomaterial case 3 on housing 1 containing the pollutant such as formaldehyde air On air-vent 10 enter in biomaterial case 3, be embedded first in biomaterial case 3 in the sponge ball 4 of Methylobacterium Preconcentration with activated carbon, then absorbed by Methylobacterium and metabolic conversion, absorption and metabolic conversion of the Methylobacterium to pollutant can be with Prompt activation activated carbon, so that the activated carbon in the sponge ball 4 of embedding Methylobacterium does not have to change.In addition, it is dissolved in water In there is no absorbed pollutant in the presence of current, by treatment hole 35, be flowed into water tank 2, by water planting in the water tank 2 The Root Absorption and metabolic conversion of plant 19, the selection root system of hydroponic plant 19 have the kind of formaldehyde assimilatory pathway.By biology Air after stuffing-box 3 purifies then enters high-voltage electrostatic dust separator 6 by the mesh for module 5 of dripping, by high-pressure electrostatic precipitation Device 6 removes the particulate contaminants such as PM2.5, and the air for removing the particulate contaminants such as PM2.5 is then discharged by air-out flap 14.
This air purifier prepared based on biological respinse principle, without changing consumptive material, sustainable purifying air pollution Toxic organic compounds.
Experimental analysis
Use 2mM(60mg/L)H13The h and 24 h of CHO solution processing epipremnum aureum root system 2, not handle sample as control(CK) Detect the background of its root system13C signal is horizontal.Processing adds 3mL 10mM kaliumphosphate buffers after terminating(KPB, pH7.4), grinding Soluble metabolite is extracted, boiling water bath, which heats 3min, inactivates enzyme, 4 DEG C of centrifugation 30min of 12000rpm, collects supernatant Liquid is dissolved after vacuum freeze drying with 0.6mL sterilized waters, and 12000rpm centrifugations 3min takes 0.5mL supernatants to load nuclear magnetic tube, adds Enter internal reference of the appropriate deionized formamide as nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, in Brooker NMR(DRX 500-MHz)It is enterprising OK13C-NMR analyzes the formaldehyde metabolism spectrum of epipremnum aureum root system(Figure 14).H13Resonance of the chemical shift with reference to internal reference in CHO mark samples Peak(166.85ppm),13C-NMR spectrum in formant by with known compound13C-NMR spectrums are compared identification, and it is returned Category.13C-NMR data results find H13CHO is metabolized in epipremnum aureum root system produces formic acid(H13COOH), H13The subsequent oxygen of COOH Turn to CO2(H13CO3 -).2mM H13CHO, which handles 2 h, causes endogenic glucide signal peak to reduce, and illustrates the first of short time The aldehyde stress consumption endogenic glucide in part, 2mM H13[U- after CHO processing 24h13C]Fruc(Fructose)Signal peak recovers To the level close to CK, illustrate H13CHO is metabolized in epipremnum aureum root system produces fructose.In addition, H13CHO is metabolized in epipremnum aureum root system Also producing other organic acids includes [5-13C]Asp(Aspartic acid)、Icit(Isocitric acid), [2,4-13C]Cit(Citric acid)、 [1-13C]PEP(PEP)、[1-13C]Ac(Acetic acid)[2-13C] Et and [1-13C]Et(Ethanol).These knots Fruit illustrates that epipremnum aureum root system also can be avirulent metabolite formaldehyde metabolic conversion, therefore, can with epipremnum aureum root system in water tank To do double purification material.
The utility model sodium alginate and carboxymethyl cellulose will have special formaldehyde metabolic pathway and can remove pollution The fixed acquisition Methylobacterium sponge ball of photosynthetic bacteria minimal medium embedding after the Methylobacterium of benzene homologues and improvement, methyl bacterium Sponge ball is placed in gas purification area, and hydroponic plant is planted in water tank, constructs the air purifier based on bioreactor principle, The formaldehyde and other toxic organic compounds polluted in purification air.The clarifier has the characteristics of economic, economical and environmentally friendly, symbol Closing the living facilities of modern people needs green and the requirement of the theory of environmental protection.
Finally illustrate, preferred embodiment above is only unrestricted to illustrate the technical solution of the utility model, to the greatest extent The utility model has been described in detail by above preferred embodiment for pipe, but those skilled in the art should manage Solution, can make various changes, without departing from the utility model claims book institute to it in the form and details The scope of restriction.

Claims (7)

  1. A kind of 1. biological air purifier of band plant, it is characterised in that:Described biological air purifier includes housing(1)、 Water tank(2), biomaterial case(3), sponge ball(4), module of dripping(5), high-voltage electrostatic dust separator(6), centrifugal fan(7), water Pump(8), hydroponic plant(19), cystosepiment(20), LED light supplement lamp(30);Described housing(1)Inner bottom part is provided with water tank(2), Hydroponic plant(19)Pass through cystosepiment(20)In water tank after fixation(2)Cultivated, water tank(2)Water pump is inside installed(8), water tank (2)Top biomaterial case is installed(3), water tank(2)With biomaterial case(3)Between be air intake area, the housing in air intake area (1)On uniformly open up air admission hole(9), biomaterial case(3)Lower sides on uniformly open up air-vent(10), biomaterial Case(3)Housing corresponding to bottom(1)On also uniformly offer air admission hole(9), biomaterial case(3)Bottom offer treatment hole (35), biomaterial case(3)Built with the sponge ball of embedding Methylobacterium(4), the housing in air intake area(1)LED is housed on inwall Light compensating lamp(30);Biomaterial case(3)Top module of dripping is installed(5), module of dripping(5)For fenestral fabric, its bottom Portion uniformly offers weeper(11), module of dripping(5)Water inlet(12)Pass through outlet pipe(13)With water pump(8)Connection; Drip module(5)Top high-voltage electrostatic dust separator is installed(6), high-voltage electrostatic dust separator(6)Top be wind outlet area, be located at The housing of wind outlet area(1)On be provided with air-out hinged louver(14), housing(1)Top centrifugal fan is installed(7).
  2. A kind of 2. biological air purifier of band plant according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described hydroponic plant (19)For can absorb and be metabolized the evergreen of formaldehyde, epipremnum aureum, happiness woods taro, ivy, canna, water hyacinth, water lettuce, the red palm, Close fruit taro, arrowroot, fourleaf peperomia herb, Drymoglossum subcordatum, bracketplant, fairy bamboo, climing green suede, black algae, water lily, black soybean, broad bean, rice or jade Rice.
  3. A kind of 3. biological air purifier of band plant according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described housing(1) By body part(15), bonnet(16)Composition, bonnet(16)With body part(15)It is connected by screw, body part(15)'s Bottom is provided with four universal wheels(17), described air admission hole(9)Uniformly it is arranged on body part(15)Three side walls on, Described air-out hinged louver(14)It is arranged on body part(15)Antetheca top, described water tank(2)Using transparent material system Into body part(15)The bottom of three side walls offers transparent area(21).
  4. A kind of 4. biological air purifier of band plant according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described biological air Clarifier also includes intelligent kernel control module unit(22), multiple sensor collecting unit(23), civil power output control unit (24), high-voltage electrostatic dust separator relay-operated controller(25), 220V water pump relay controllers(26), 220V cooling fan relay controls Device processed(27), touch induction keyboard unit(29), display screen(31), LED light supplement lamp relay-operated controller(37), described multichannel Sensor collecting unit(23)With intelligent kernel control module unit(22)Connection, wherein, multiple sensor collecting unit(23) For level sensor(28), Temperature Humidity Sensor, PM2.5 sensors, formaldehyde sensor, TVOC sensors;Intelligent kernel controls Modular unit(22)With civil power output control unit(24)Connection, civil power output control unit(24)On be provided with high-pressure electrostatic and remove Dirt device relay-operated controller(25), 220V water pump relay controllers(26), 220V cooling fan relay controllers(27), LED mend Light lamp relay-operated controller(37), 220V water pump relay controllers(26), 220V cooling fan relay controllers(27)Respectively with Water pump(8), centrifugal fan(7)Connection, high-voltage electrostatic dust separator relay-operated controller(25)With high-voltage electrostatic dust separator(6)Even Connect, intelligent kernel control module unit(22)On be provided with touch induction keyboard unit(29)And for showing multiple sensor Collecting unit(23)The display screen of data(31), LED light supplement lamp(30)With LED light supplement lamp relay-operated controller(37)Connection, LED Light compensating lamp relay-operated controller(37)With intelligent kernel control module unit(22)Connection.
  5. A kind of 5. biological air purifier of band plant according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described water tank(2) Filler(32)On be provided with dust cap(33), water pump(8)Water inlet be provided with filter(34).
  6. A kind of 6. biological air purifier of band plant according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described sponge ball (4)Gas purification area is put into after being wrapped up using the good non-woven bag of the nylon cloth bag or air-and water-permeable performance of 60-100 mesh It is interior.
  7. A kind of 7. biological air purifier of band plant according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described biomaterial Case(3)Bottom be in funnel type structure, the bottom of funnel type structure offers treatment hole(35).
CN201721020118.6U 2017-08-15 2017-08-15 A kind of biological air purifier of band plant Active CN207076338U (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2019033264A1 (en) * 2017-08-15 2019-02-21 云南万魁生物科技有限公司 Novel methylobacterium zatmanni strain mr1 and application thereof
WO2019033254A1 (en) * 2017-08-15 2019-02-21 云南万魁生物科技有限公司 Biological air purifier
CN111249898A (en) * 2020-01-22 2020-06-09 杭州汉徽光电科技有限公司 Plant air purification system for treating benzene series gas pollutants in air

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2019033264A1 (en) * 2017-08-15 2019-02-21 云南万魁生物科技有限公司 Novel methylobacterium zatmanni strain mr1 and application thereof
WO2019033254A1 (en) * 2017-08-15 2019-02-21 云南万魁生物科技有限公司 Biological air purifier
CN111249898A (en) * 2020-01-22 2020-06-09 杭州汉徽光电科技有限公司 Plant air purification system for treating benzene series gas pollutants in air

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