CN207067422U - A kind of evaporation from water surface measurement apparatus and system - Google Patents

A kind of evaporation from water surface measurement apparatus and system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207067422U
CN207067422U CN201621436429.6U CN201621436429U CN207067422U CN 207067422 U CN207067422 U CN 207067422U CN 201621436429 U CN201621436429 U CN 201621436429U CN 207067422 U CN207067422 U CN 207067422U
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China
Prior art keywords
water
evaporation
measuring
measurement
evaporator
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Withdrawn - After Issue
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CN201621436429.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
熊欹
林小星
庞强
郭寿春
段文凯
谷占强
杜春辉
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Beijing Meike Huayi Technology Co Ltd
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Beijing Meike Huayi Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201621436429.6U priority Critical patent/CN207067422U/en
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Abstract

It the utility model is related to evaporation from water surface fields of measurement, to solve the problems, such as that existing evaporation from water surface measuring system is complicated, reliability is relatively low, cost is higher, the utility model proposes a kind of evaporation from water surface measurement apparatus and system, including the measuring unit that quantitatively draws water, suction pump, evaporator and measuring unit of liquid level, the measuring unit that quantitatively draws water includes volumetric bottle, the volumetric bottle, suction pump and evaporator pass sequentially through pipeline connection, the measuring unit of liquid level is connected with evaporator, for measuring the liquid level of the evaporator.The utility model evaporation from water surface measurement apparatus and system reduce the cost of system, simplify the structure of system, improve the precision that repetition draws water, and can facilitate, be simple, be reliable, measuring spillway discharge exactly.

Description

A kind of evaporation from water surface measurement apparatus and system
Technical field
It the utility model is related to evaporation from water surface fields of measurement, and in particular to a kind of evaporation from water surface measurement apparatus and system.
Background technology
It is required to be monitored water surface evaporation in industries such as water conservancy, the hydrology, meteorology, ocean, agriculturals, usually using steaming Device monitoring water surface evaporation is sent out, the evaporator is tubbiness, and provided with liquid level sensor, liquid level sensor can monitor water in evaporator The change in face, so as to according in evaporator the water surface change water-outlet body evaporation capacity.Spout hole is provided with the side wall of evaporator, During rainfall, the water surface in evaporator is gradually increasing, and when the water surface in evaporator rises to spout hole, the water in evaporator will Flowed out by spout hole, flow into special overflow system for measuring quantity.Overflow system for measuring quantity also includes sensor, to measure spillway discharge Size, according to spillway discharge calculate evaporator in water body evaporation capacity.But overflow system for measuring quantity generally includes the servo of complexity System, such as draining valve, the shortcomings that complicated, fault rate is high be present, and when measuring spillway discharge, easily because in flooding process The surface tension of water causes measurement error.Because evaporator and overflow system for measuring quantity are required to set sensor, and generally For sophisticated sensor, cause system cost higher.
Utility model content
The utility model provides a kind of evaporation from water surface measurement apparatus and system, to solve existing evaporation from water surface measurement system Unite the problem of complicated, reliability is relatively low, cost is higher.
In a first aspect, the utility model provides a kind of evaporation from water surface measurement apparatus, including the measuring unit that quantitatively draws water, draw Water pump, evaporator and measuring unit of liquid level, the measuring unit that quantitatively draws water include volumetric bottle, the volumetric bottle, suction pump and Evaporator passes sequentially through pipeline connection, and the measuring unit of liquid level is connected with evaporator, for measuring the liquid level of the evaporator.
Wherein, the measuring unit that quantitatively draws water also includes the spacing module of water level, the spacing module of water level respectively with institute State volumetric bottle to connect with suction pump, the spacing module of water level is used for the liquid level for monitoring the volumetric bottle, when the volumetric bottle When liquid level exceedes the quantitative liquid level of the volumetric bottle, the spacing module of water level sends shutdown signal to the suction pump;It is described fixed The height of measuring bottle with respect to the horizontal plane is more than the height of the evaporator with respect to the horizontal plane so that after the suction pump is closed, Water in the volumetric bottle is back in the evaporator.
Wherein, the volumetric bottle is provided with drainpipe.The drainpipe top water inlet diameter is small, and reservoir diameter is big, in two Small shape broad in the middle, be advantageous to improve measurement accuracy.
Wherein, the measuring unit of liquid level is BL.
Wherein, in addition to water storage tank, be provided with evaporator small pump in the water storage tank, the evaporator small pump with it is described Evaporator passes through pipeline connection.
Wherein, in addition to rainfall measuring device, the rainfall measuring device are used to measure the amount of rainfall;In the water storage tank also Provided with rainfall gauge small pump, the rainfall gauge small pump passes through pipeline connection with the rainfall measuring device.
Second aspect, the utility model additionally provide a kind of evaporation from water surface measuring system, including above-mentioned evaporation from water surface is surveyed Measure device.
Wherein, in addition to control unit, described control unit are connected with the evaporation from water surface measurement apparatus, for described Evaporation from water surface measurement apparatus sends control signal and receives the data of the evaporation from water surface measurement apparatus collection.
Wherein, described control unit is also associated with host computer and/or GPRS units.
Wherein, in addition to power supply unit, said supply unit include solar cell and battery, said supply unit point It is not connected with the evaporation from water surface measurement apparatus and control unit, is that the evaporation from water surface measurement apparatus and control unit are powered.
The utility model evaporation from water surface measurement apparatus and system have the advantages that:
In the utility model evaporation from water surface measurement apparatus and system, only evaporator needs to set measuring unit of liquid level, fixed Measuring unit of liquid level need not be set by measuring in the measuring unit that draws water, and the steaming for the evaporation from water surface measuring system introduced in background technology Hair device and overflow system for measuring quantity are required to set sensor, so compared with prior art, the utility model evaporation from water surface is surveyed Amount apparatus and system reduces the quantity of sensor, reduces the cost of system, simplifies the structure of system, improve repetition and draw The precision of water.
The utility model evaporation from water surface measurement apparatus and system measure spillway discharge by the way of active draws water, that is, utilize Water in evaporator is actively drawn into volumetric bottle by suction pump, and the amount of drawing water is quantified with discharging the number meter of water according to volumetric bottle Spillway discharge is calculated, can be measured conveniently, simply, reliably, exactly using the utility model evaporation from water surface measurement apparatus and system Spillway discharge.Compared with baroque overflow system for measuring quantity, the utility model evaporation from water surface measurement apparatus and system architecture letter Single, metering is accurate, easy to use.Existing overflow system for measuring quantity generally includes magnetic valve, and the utility model evaporation from water surface Measurement apparatus and system do not use magnetic valve to carry out draining control, use pump water extraction way instead, avoid magnetic valve long-term work appearance The problem of easy leak, improve the reliability of system.
It should be appreciated that the general description and following detailed description of the above are only exemplary and explanatory, not The utility model can be limited.
Brief description of the drawings
, below will be to embodiment or prior art in order to illustrate more clearly of the technical scheme in the embodiment of the utility model The required accompanying drawing used is briefly described in description.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model evaporation from water surface measurement apparatus;
Fig. 2 is a kind of schematic diagram of preferred structure of the utility model evaporation from water surface measurement apparatus;
Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram of the utility model evaporation from water surface measurement apparatus another kind preferred structure;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the utility model evaporation from water surface measuring system;
Fig. 5 is a kind of schematic diagram of preferred structure of the utility model evaporation from water surface measuring system.
Embodiment
Embodiment of the present utility model is introduced below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
As shown in figure 1, the utility model evaporation from water surface measurement apparatus 14 includes quantitatively draw water measuring unit 10, suction pump 11st, evaporator 13 and measuring unit of liquid level 12, the measuring unit that quantitatively draws water 10 include volumetric bottle 101, volumetric bottle 101, suction pump 11 and evaporator 13 pass sequentially through pipeline connection, measuring unit of liquid level 12 is connected with evaporator 13, for measuring evaporator 13 Liquid level, wherein, measuring unit of liquid level 12 can be BL, preferably using high-precision liquid level measurement sensor.
The application method of the evaporation from water surface measurement apparatus 14 shown in Fig. 1 is described below:
The first step, when rainfall, the liquid level in evaporator 13 is gradually increasing, and evaporator is measured using measuring unit of liquid level 12 13 liquid level, when the distance of the liquid level in evaporator 13 and the spout hole of evaporator 13 reaches preset value, then into second step, For example, the preset value can be 100ml (milliliter), the 100ml is merely illustrative, and above-mentioned preset value can be according to being actually needed It is adjusted, the purpose of this step is:Before the liquid level of evaporator 13 reaches the spout hole of evaporator 13, into second step, with The water in evaporator 13 is avoided to be overflowed from spout hole.
Second step, starts suction pump 11, and the water in evaporator 13 is evacuated to the measuring unit 10 that quantitatively draws water by suction pump 11 In volumetric bottle 101, the liquid level in volumetric bottle 101 is gradually increasing, and the water level in evaporator 13 is gradually reduced, in such evaporator 13 Water would not be overflowed from spout hole.Wherein, volumetric bottle 101 is to have graduated container, the volume energy of liquid in volumetric bottle 101 Enough accurate determinations.
3rd step, when the water in volumetric bottle 101 reaches quantitative liquid level (i.e. the quantitatively amount of drawing water) of the volumetric bottle 101, close Suction pump 11 is closed, the water in volumetric bottle 101 is discharged, then restarts circulate operation from the first step.Due to volumetric bottle 101 Quantitatively the amount of drawing water is known, so quantitatively the amount of drawing water and the product of the number of the water discharge in volumetric bottle 11 are that evaporator overflows Flow, the calculating of water surface evaporation is can be carried out according to evaporator spillway discharge.
In evaporation from water surface measurement apparatus 14 shown in Fig. 1, only evaporator 13 needs to set measuring unit of liquid level 12, quantitative Measuring unit of liquid level 12 need not be set in the measuring unit that draws water 10, and the evaporation from water surface measuring system introduced in background technology Evaporator and overflow system for measuring quantity are required to set sensor, so compared with prior art, the utility model evaporation from water surface Measurement apparatus 14 reduces the quantity of sensor, reduces the cost of system, simplifies the structure of system.
The evaporation from water surface measuring system introduced in background technology measures spillway discharge by the way of passive type, i.e., in evaporator Water after spout hole spilling, recycle the measurement of overflow measuring system;And the utility model evaporation from water surface measurement apparatus 14 uses Actively the mode that draws water measures spillway discharge, i.e., the water in evaporator 13 is drawn into volumetric bottle 101 using the active of suction pump 11 In, spillway discharge is calculated with discharging the number of water according to the amount of drawing water that quantifies of volumetric bottle 101, uses the utility model evaporation from water surface Measurement apparatus 14 can facilitate, be simple, be reliable, measuring spillway discharge exactly.Compared with baroque overflow system for measuring quantity, The utility model evaporation from water surface measurement apparatus 14 is simple in construction, and metering is accurate, easy to use.Existing overflow system for measuring quantity leads to Often include magnetic valve, and the utility model evaporation from water surface measurement apparatus 14 does not use magnetic valve to carry out draining control, uses pumping instead Water mode, the problem of avoiding magnetic valve long-term work easy leak, improve the reliability of system.
As shown in Fig. 2 the measuring unit 10 that quantitatively draws water also includes the spacing module 102 of water level, the spacing module 102 of water level is distinguished It is connected with volumetric bottle 101 and suction pump 11, the spacing module 102 of water level is used for the liquid level for monitoring volumetric bottle 101, when volumetric bottle 101 Liquid level exceed the volumetric bottle 101 quantitative liquid level when, the spacing module 102 of water level to suction pump 11 send shutdown signal, draw water Pump 11 is closed;And the height of volumetric bottle 101 with respect to the horizontal plane is more than the height of evaporator 13 with respect to the horizontal plane, so makes After obtaining the closing of suction pump 11, unnecessary water automatic back flow is into evaporator 13 in volumetric bottle 101, until the liquid level of volumetric bottle 101 It is concordant with the quantitative liquid level of the volumetric bottle 101.
Evaporation from water surface measurement apparatus 14 shown in Fig. 2 can be realized is back to evaporator by water unnecessary in volumetric bottle 101 In 13, so as to further increase the accuracy of overflow measurement.Volumetric bottle 101 draws the pipeline of the reclaimed water of evaporator 13 with quantifying The pipeline that water in bottle 101 is back in evaporator 13 is same pipeline, further simplify structure.
As shown in Fig. 2 volumetric bottle 101 is provided with drainpipe 103, when the water in volumetric bottle 101 reaches the volumetric bottle 101 During quantitative liquid level, the water in volumetric bottle 101 is discharged by drainpipe 103.
As shown in figure 3, evaporation from water surface measurement apparatus 14 also includes rainfall measuring device 15 and water storage tank 16, rainfall measurement dress 15 are put to be used to measure the amount of rainfall;Evaporator small pump 18 and rainfall gauge small pump 17, evaporator small pump are provided with water storage tank 16 18 with evaporator 13 by pipeline connection, for for the amount of makeup water of evaporator 13, preventing that water is very few in evaporator 13, to improve The accuracy of evaporation from water surface measurement;Rainfall gauge small pump 17, by pipeline connection, fills with rainfall measuring device 15 for rainfall measurement 15 amount of makeup water are put, prevent that water is very few in rainfall measuring device 15, to improve the accuracy of Precipitation measurement, so as to improve water The accuracy of face evaporation measurement.
The utility model also provides a kind of evaporation from water surface measuring system, and the evaporation from water surface measuring system includes the above-mentioned water surface Evaporate measurement apparatus.
As shown in figure 4, the utility model evaporation from water surface measuring system also includes control unit 19, control unit 19 and the water surface Evaporation measurement apparatus 14 connects, for sending control signal to evaporation from water surface measurement apparatus 14 and receiving evaporation from water surface measurement apparatus The data of 14 collections, such as control unit 19 are mended to measuring unit of liquid level 12, the spacing module 102 of water level, suction pump 11, evaporator Water pump 18 and rainfall gauge small pump 17 send control signal, to control the spacing module 102 of measuring unit of liquid level 12, water level, draw water Pump 11, evaporator small pump 18 and rainfall gauge small pump 17 work;Control unit 19 can also receive measuring unit of liquid level 12 and survey The liquid level data of the evaporator 13 of amount, and the liquid level data is handled, there is provided calculate needed for water surface evaporation and rainfall Data.Control unit 19 also includes timing acquiring module, display module, button adjustment module and power management module, timing Acquisition module is used to provide timing acquiring trigger signal to evaporation from water surface measurement apparatus 14, and display module is used to show that day evaporates Amount, daily rainfall and other specification;Button adjustment module is used for the running parameter of regulating allocation evaporation from water surface measuring system, electricity Source control module can make the pump of evaporation from water surface measuring system and valve carves power-off at one's leisure, reduce equipment energy consumption.
As shown in figure 5, control unit 19 also respectively with host computer 21 and general packet radio service (General Packet Radio Service, hereinafter referred to as GPRS) unit 20 connects, the number that control unit 19 gathers evaporation from water surface measurement apparatus 14 According to being sent to GPRS units 20, GPRS units 20 are used for the data for receiving the collection of evaporation from water surface measurement apparatus 14, and by the data It is sent to mobile terminal.The utility model evaporation from water surface measuring system also includes power supply unit 22, and changing power supply unit 22 is included too It is positive can battery, battery and solar energy automatic switching module, power supply unit 22 respectively with evaporation from water surface measurement apparatus 14 and control Unit 19 connects, and is powered for evaporation from water surface measurement apparatus 14 and control unit 19.
Described above is only specific embodiment of the present utility model, is made skilled artisans appreciate that or realizing this Utility model.A variety of modifications to these embodiments will be apparent to one skilled in the art, institute herein The General Principle of definition can be realized in other embodiments in the case where not departing from spirit or scope of the present utility model. Therefore the utility model is not intended to be limited to the embodiments shown herein, and is to fit to and principles disclosed herein The most wide scope consistent with features of novelty.
The utility model embodiment above, does not form the restriction to scope of protection of the utility model.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of evaporation from water surface measurement apparatus, it is characterised in that including the measuring unit that quantitatively draws water, suction pump, evaporator and liquid Position measuring unit, the measuring unit that quantitatively draws water include volumetric bottle, and the volumetric bottle, suction pump and evaporator pass sequentially through pipe Road connects, and the suction pump is used to the water in evaporator being drawn into volumetric bottle, and the measuring unit of liquid level connects with evaporator Connect, for measuring the liquid level of the evaporator.
2. evaporation from water surface measurement apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the measuring unit that quantitatively draws water also is wrapped The spacing module of water level is included, the spacing module of water level is connected with the volumetric bottle and suction pump respectively, the spacing module of water level For monitoring the liquid level of the volumetric bottle, when the liquid level of the volumetric bottle exceedes the quantitative liquid level of the volumetric bottle, the water level Spacing module sends shutdown signal to the suction pump;The height of the volumetric bottle with respect to the horizontal plane is more than the evaporator phase For the height of horizontal plane so that after the suction pump is closed, the water in the volumetric bottle is back in the evaporator.
3. evaporation from water surface measurement apparatus according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that the volumetric bottle is provided with drainpipe.
4. evaporation from water surface measurement apparatus according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that the measuring unit of liquid level is liquid Position measuring sensor.
5. evaporation from water surface measurement apparatus according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that also including water storage tank, the water storage Evaporator small pump is provided with case, the evaporator small pump passes through pipeline connection with the evaporator.
6. evaporation from water surface measurement apparatus according to claim 5, it is characterised in that described also including rainfall measuring device Rainfall measuring device is used to measure the amount of rainfall;Be additionally provided with rainfall gauge small pump in the water storage tank, the rainfall gauge small pump with The rainfall measuring device passes through pipeline connection.
7. a kind of evaporation from water surface measuring system, it is characterised in that surveyed including the evaporation from water surface any one of claim 1-6 Measure device.
8. evaporation from water surface measuring system according to claim 7, it is characterised in that also including control unit, the control Unit is connected with the evaporation from water surface measurement apparatus, for sending control signal and reception to the evaporation from water surface measurement apparatus The data of the evaporation from water surface measurement apparatus collection.
9. evaporation from water surface measuring system according to claim 8, it is characterised in that described control unit is also associated with upper Machine and/or GPRS units.
10. evaporation from water surface measuring system according to claim 8 or claim 9, it is characterised in that described also including power supply unit Power supply unit includes solar cell and battery, and said supply unit is single with the evaporation from water surface measurement apparatus and control respectively Member connection, it is that the evaporation from water surface measurement apparatus and control unit are powered.
CN201621436429.6U 2016-12-23 2016-12-23 A kind of evaporation from water surface measurement apparatus and system Withdrawn - After Issue CN207067422U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621436429.6U CN207067422U (en) 2016-12-23 2016-12-23 A kind of evaporation from water surface measurement apparatus and system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621436429.6U CN207067422U (en) 2016-12-23 2016-12-23 A kind of evaporation from water surface measurement apparatus and system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN207067422U true CN207067422U (en) 2018-03-02

Family

ID=61500356

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201621436429.6U Withdrawn - After Issue CN207067422U (en) 2016-12-23 2016-12-23 A kind of evaporation from water surface measurement apparatus and system

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN207067422U (en)

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