CN206919675U - A kind of special shaped brick and bridge structure for being used to build furnace cupola gap bridge by laying bricks or stones - Google Patents

A kind of special shaped brick and bridge structure for being used to build furnace cupola gap bridge by laying bricks or stones Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206919675U
CN206919675U CN201720781450.8U CN201720781450U CN206919675U CN 206919675 U CN206919675 U CN 206919675U CN 201720781450 U CN201720781450 U CN 201720781450U CN 206919675 U CN206919675 U CN 206919675U
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brick
bridge
special shaped
stones
laying bricks
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CN201720781450.8U
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Chinese (zh)
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成安华
程勇
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General casting and Forging Branch of Dongfeng auto parts (Group) Co.,Ltd.
Dongfeng Motor Co Ltd
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Dongfeng Automobile Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of special shaped brick for being used to build furnace cupola gap bridge by laying bricks or stones, it is made up of upper brick body and lower brick body;Molten iron, which is provided with, on one side end face of lower brick body crosses groove and guide groove;The guiding projection being installed in guide groove can be coordinated by being disposed with upper brick body.The invention also discloses a kind of bridge structure, and it includes special shaped brick;The both sides and bottom of special shaped brick are wrapped with high-temperature flame-proof cotton;Heavy refractory brick has been pressed at the top of special shaped brick.The utility model is simple in construction, casting is easy to use, is integrated into due to will turn the gap bridge built by laying bricks or stones with thirties pieces of standard refractories originally with two pieces of special-shaped brick masonries, reduces the industrial grade requirement built by laying bricks or stones and passed a bridge for brickwork work, prevented because gap bridge metals run out.

Description

A kind of special shaped brick and bridge structure for being used to build furnace cupola gap bridge by laying bricks or stones
Technical field
A kind of special shaped brick and bridge structure for being used to build furnace cupola by laying bricks or stones is the utility model is related to, belongs to casting processing auxiliary and sets Standby technical field, more particularly to a kind of special shaped brick and bridge structure for being used to build furnace cupola gap bridge by laying bricks or stones.
Background technology
Furnace cupola, it is the visual plant of melting iron in Foundry Production, sand mold is poured into after casting pig is fused into molten iron In after cooling unpack and obtain casting.Furnace cupola is a kind of vertical cylindrical shape smelting furnace, is divided into forehearth and rear stove, and forehearth divides again For tapping hole, slag notch, bell, preceding cupola well and gap bridge, rear stove is divided into three parts again, respectively pushes up stove, waist stove and cupola well, waist Stove separates with bustle pipe, repaiies stove and closes afterwards, is sealed with mud, and it is heat exchanger to push up on stove.Furnace cupola is mainly used in cast iron Part produces, and also to coordinate pneumatic steelmaking, because of furnace roof opening upwards, therefore claims furnace cupola.
At present, can smoothly be used in cupola melting molten iron in order to ensure passing a bridge, foundry is when repairing gap bridge Must arrange brickwork industrial grade highest master worker to work and from top-quality refractory material to complete this.It is actual raw Because gap bridge will bear 1550 DEG C or so of the thermal stress effect for crossing heating molten steel and clinker in production, high temperature will be born by further passing a bridge The physical impact and chemical reaction of molten iron and clinker act on, and further to bear hot wind action.Pass a bridge in so severe work Make the accident often metal run out under environment.Once gap bridge is metal run out, substantially melt the work of molten iron and will stop Only.Even if maintaining fusing molten iron reluctantly, the quality of its molten iron will deteriorate, while the labor intensity of smelter is multiplied, and enters one The risk for walking employee's scald is increased sharply.
Utility model content
It is used to build in view of the above-mentioned drawbacks of the prior art, the technical problems to be solved in the utility model is to provide one kind The special shaped brick of furnace cupola gap bridge and the leakproof bridge structure with the special-shaped brick masonry are built, it can not only solve to prevent molten iron from mistake Bridge is revealed, while can reduce the industrial grade requirement for brickwork work.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the utility model employs such a abnormity for being used to build furnace cupola gap bridge by laying bricks or stones Brick, it is made up of upper brick body and lower brick body;Molten iron, which is provided with, on one side end face of lower brick body crosses groove and guide groove;Cloth in upper brick body The guiding projection being installed in guide groove can be coordinated by being equipped with.
In a kind of preferred embodiment of the present utility model, molten iron crosses groove and guide groove is arranged parallel to.
In a kind of preferred embodiment of the present utility model, guide groove includes multiple;Multiple guide grooves are symmetrically arranged in Molten iron crosses the both sides of groove.
In a kind of preferred embodiment of the present utility model, upper brick body is provided with a side end face and the molten iron of guiding projection Cross groove and surround a water passage for the outflow of forehearth molten iron.
In a kind of preferred embodiment of the present utility model, the width of guiding projection is equal to the width of guide groove;It is oriented to Height of the projection along its protrusion direction is more than or equal to the depth of guide groove.
In a kind of preferred embodiment of the present utility model, upper brick body and lower brick body are rectangular-shape.
The invention also discloses a kind of bridge structure, it includes special shaped brick;The both sides of special shaped brick and bottom bag are attached There is high-temperature flame-proof cotton;Heavy refractory brick has been pressed at the top of special shaped brick.
In a kind of preferred embodiment of the present utility model, on the upper surface of the high-temperature flame-proof cotton of special shaped brick bottom Uniformly it is coated with fire clay.
In a kind of preferred embodiment of the present utility model, heavy refractory brick thickness is 115mm.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:The utility model is simple in construction, casting is easy to use, due to will be originally with three The gap bridge that more than ten pieces of standard refractories turn to build by laying bricks or stones is integrated into two pieces of special-shaped brick masonries, reduces the skill built by laying bricks or stones and passed a bridge for brickwork work Art class requirement, prevent to metal run out because passing a bridge;It is used that the utility model by using two blocks of special shaped bricks pieces together furnace cupola Bridge structure, caused gap when effectively reducing polylith laying fireproof bricks furnace cupola in the prior art, meanwhile, by different Set on shape brick molten iron cross groove facilitate molten iron by, avoid the leakage of molten iron, while set by being crossed in molten iron by groove Guide groove and guiding projection are put, facilitates closing up for brick body and lower brick body, while ensure that both compactness so as to more It efficiently avoid the leakage of molten iron;Passed a bridge by using special-shaped brick masonry of the present utility model, will can originally need 30 The gap bridge of several pieces of laying fireproof bricks is integrated into two blocks of special form bricks come the special gap bridge built by laying bricks or stones, significantly reduces workmen's Labor intensity, reduce gap bridge and build man-hour by laying bricks or stones.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation for being used to build the special shaped brick of furnace cupola gap bridge by laying bricks or stones of the utility model embodiment;
In figure:The upper brick bodies of 1-;Brick body under 2-;3- molten iron crosses groove;4- guide grooves;5- guiding projections.
Embodiment
In order that the purpose of this utility model, technical scheme and advantage are more clearly understood, below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and implementation Example, the utility model is further elaborated.It should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein is only explaining this Utility model, it is not used to limit the utility model.
Knowable to a kind of structural representation for building the special shaped brick of furnace cupola gap bridge by laying bricks or stones as shown in Figure 1, the utility model Technical scheme is:A kind of special shaped brick for being used to build by laying bricks or stones furnace cupola gap bridge is made up of upper brick body 1 and lower brick body 2, the upper He of brick body 1 in figure Lower brick body 2 is rectangular-shape, and both can cooperate and be adjacent to, it should be pointed out that, upper brick body 1 and lower brick body 2 not only limit In rectangular-shape, suitable shape can be cast according to operating mode, it is important to which upper brick body 1 and lower brick body 2 can be bonded and surround water Passage;Molten iron, which is provided with, on one side end face of lower brick body 2 crosses groove 3 and guide groove 4;Peace can be coordinated by being disposed with upper brick body 1 Loaded on the guiding projection 5 in guide groove 4.Molten iron crosses groove 3 and guide groove 4 is arranged parallel to, and can also be directed to groove 4 and molten iron Cross groove 3 to be arranged vertically, because the main function of guide groove 4 is in order to easy for installation.Guide groove 4 includes multiple;Multiple guide grooves 4 It is symmetrically arranged in molten iron and spends closing up and being bonded for brick body 1 and lower brick body 2 on the both sides of groove 3, so the effect of guide groove 4 is installation The effect of guiding.Upper brick body 1 is provided with a side end face of guiding projection 5 and molten iron crosses groove 3 and surrounds one for the outflow of forehearth molten iron Water passage.The width of guiding projection 5 is equal to the width of guide groove 4;Height of the guiding projection 5 along its protrusion direction is more than or waited In the depth of guide groove 4.
The invention also discloses a kind of bridge structure using the special-shaped brick masonry, it includes special shaped brick;Special shaped brick Both sides and bottom be wrapped with high-temperature flame-proof cotton;Heavy refractory brick has been pressed at the top of special shaped brick.Height positioned at special shaped brick bottom Fire clay is uniformly coated with the upper surface of the resistance to guncotton of temperature.Heavy refractory brick thickness is 115mm.Above-mentioned special shaped brick according to forehearth and The distance between stove designs the special form brick drawing of special gap bridge afterwards, and produces;According to the special form brick drawing specially designed Mould is made, the amorphous refractory of more than 1600 DEG C of clayey is reached in mould inside filling refractoriness and uses forcing press Compacting, dries in the shade, and is stripped.Fire resisting turn is fabricated to according still further to the baking process of refractory material.
More than it should be appreciated that, only specific embodiment of the present utility model, but the scope of protection of the utility model It is not limited thereto, any those skilled in the art can think easily in the technical scope disclosed by the utility model The change or replacement arrived, it should all cover within the scope of protection of the utility model.

Claims (9)

  1. A kind of 1. special shaped brick for being used to build furnace cupola gap bridge by laying bricks or stones, it is characterised in that:It is made up of upper brick body (1) and lower brick body (2);Institute State and molten iron is provided with a side end face of lower brick body (2) crosses groove (3) and guide groove (4);It is disposed with and can matches somebody with somebody on the upper brick body (1) Conjunction is installed on the guiding projection (5) in the guide groove (4).
  2. A kind of 2. special shaped brick for being used to build furnace cupola gap bridge by laying bricks or stones according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The molten iron mistake Groove (3) and the guide groove (4) are arranged parallel to.
  3. A kind of 3. special shaped brick for being used to build furnace cupola gap bridge by laying bricks or stones according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The guide groove (4) include multiple;The multiple guide groove (4) is symmetrically arranged in the both sides that the molten iron crosses groove (3).
  4. A kind of 4. special shaped brick for being used to build furnace cupola gap bridge by laying bricks or stones according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The upper brick body (1) it is provided with a side end face of guiding projection (5) and the molten iron crosses groove (3) and surrounds one and leads to for the water of crossing of forehearth molten iron outflow Road.
  5. A kind of 5. special shaped brick for being used to build furnace cupola gap bridge by laying bricks or stones according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The guiding is convex The width of block (5) is equal to the width of the guide groove (4);Height of the guiding projection (5) along its protrusion direction is more than or waited Depth in the guide groove (4).
  6. A kind of 6. special shaped brick for being used to build furnace cupola gap bridge by laying bricks or stones according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The upper brick body (1) and the lower brick body (2) is rectangular-shape.
  7. 7. a kind of bridge structure of special-shaped brick masonry using as described in claim 1-6 any one claims, its feature It is:Including special shaped brick;The both sides and bottom of the special shaped brick are wrapped with high-temperature flame-proof cotton;Pressed at the top of the special shaped brick Heavy refractory brick.
  8. A kind of 8. bridge structure according to claim 7, it is characterised in that:The high temperature positioned at the special shaped brick bottom Fire clay is uniformly coated with the upper surface of resistance to guncotton.
  9. A kind of 9. bridge structure according to claim 7, it is characterised in that:The heavy refractory brick thickness is 115mm.
CN201720781450.8U 2017-06-30 2017-06-30 A kind of special shaped brick and bridge structure for being used to build furnace cupola gap bridge by laying bricks or stones Active CN206919675U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720781450.8U CN206919675U (en) 2017-06-30 2017-06-30 A kind of special shaped brick and bridge structure for being used to build furnace cupola gap bridge by laying bricks or stones

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720781450.8U CN206919675U (en) 2017-06-30 2017-06-30 A kind of special shaped brick and bridge structure for being used to build furnace cupola gap bridge by laying bricks or stones

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CN206919675U true CN206919675U (en) 2018-01-23

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110068227A (en) * 2018-01-24 2019-07-30 五冶集团上海有限公司 A kind of Idiotype refractory brick and production method based on standard refractory brick

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110068227A (en) * 2018-01-24 2019-07-30 五冶集团上海有限公司 A kind of Idiotype refractory brick and production method based on standard refractory brick

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Effective date of registration: 20211203

Address after: 442020 No. 115, Checheng West Road, Shiyan City, Hubei Province

Patentee after: General casting and Forging Branch of Dongfeng auto parts (Group) Co.,Ltd.

Patentee after: Dongfeng Motor Co., Ltd

Address before: 430056 No. 10 Dongfeng Avenue, Wuhan economic and Technological Development Zone, Wuhan, Hubei

Patentee before: DONGFENG COMMERCIAL VEHICLE Co.,Ltd.

TR01 Transfer of patent right