CN206808131U - A kind of Novel mushroom house structure - Google Patents

A kind of Novel mushroom house structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206808131U
CN206808131U CN201720538637.5U CN201720538637U CN206808131U CN 206808131 U CN206808131 U CN 206808131U CN 201720538637 U CN201720538637 U CN 201720538637U CN 206808131 U CN206808131 U CN 206808131U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
mushroom house
air
layer
flue gas
surface cooler
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201720538637.5U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
谢守印
赵兰洲
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Liaocheng Jinxing Edible Fungus Equipment Co Ltd
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Liaocheng Jinxing Edible Fungus Equipment Co Ltd
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Application filed by Liaocheng Jinxing Edible Fungus Equipment Co Ltd filed Critical Liaocheng Jinxing Edible Fungus Equipment Co Ltd
Priority to CN201720538637.5U priority Critical patent/CN206808131U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN206808131U publication Critical patent/CN206808131U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/24Structural elements or technologies for improving thermal insulation
    • Y02A30/254Roof garden systems; Roof coverings with high solar reflectance
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B80/00Architectural or constructional elements improving the thermal performance of buildings
    • Y02B80/32Roof garden systems

Abstract

A kind of Novel mushroom house structure of the present utility model, include overall mushroom house, heat-exchange unit and VMC, corridor is divided into two layers among described mushroom house, and roof is in " people " font, one layer in mushroom house corridor, it is provided with the door for leading to each mushroom house, it is the second layer in corridor, on the second layer in the top in one layer of corridor, heat-exchange unit is provided with, second layer both ends are provided with mushroom house VMC;On the wall of two layers of every mushroom house, branch's flue gas leading is connected with, branch's flue gas leading accesses total flue gas leading, and total flue gas leading is in two sheaf spaces, and in two layers of centre position, total flue gas leading draws waste gas vertically upward, and blower fan is provided with the top of vertical total flue gas leading.By controlling mushroom house growing environment, and the air draft discharge mode of improvement mushroom house, and the suction of fresh air, reach the optimum condition of mushroom growth.

Description

A kind of Novel mushroom house structure
Technical field
The utility model belongs to mushroom house construction technique field, particularly belongs to a kind of Novel mushroom house structure.
Background technology
, it is necessary to which appropriate temperature, humidity, gas concentration lwevel etc., by heat-exchange unit, are adjusted in the growth course of mushroom Section, control temperature and gas concentration lwevel, to ensure to be adapted to the condition of mushroom growth.And existing mushroom house environment regulating device, In terms of temperature adjustment, if temperature is too low, come typically by floor heating or radiator or plant itself heat production for mushroom house Heat is provided, and for the too low mushroom house of humidity, typically by earthward spray mode, lift the humidity of mushroom house, this temperature Degree, humidity adjustment mode, can only temperature and humidity is in propradation, but specifically need the temperature and humidity reached, It is unmanageable, it is unfavorable for the growth of mushroom, influences yield.
Current mushroom house one is close to one, and the wind exhausting outlet of a upper mushroom house, the fresh air inlet with next mushroom house Apart from close, and all in the side walls of mushroom house, among two mushroom houses, ventilation is not smooth, it is easy to causes, a upper mushroom The germ that spore in room etc. endangers mushroom growth can be sucked by the VMC of next mushroom house, cause the mushroom of next mushroom house Mushroom growth is compromised.
Utility model content
A kind of Novel mushroom house structure provided by the utility model, by controlling mushroom house growing environment, and improve mushroom house Mode, and the suction of fresh air are discharged in air draft, reach the optimum condition of mushroom growth.
A kind of Novel mushroom house structure, include overall mushroom house, heat-exchange unit and VMC, it is characterised in that:Described Corridor is divided into two layers among mushroom house, and roof is in " people " font, one layer in mushroom house corridor, is provided with and leads to each mushroom house Door, in the top in one layer of corridor, for the second layer in corridor, on the second layer, heat-exchange unit is provided with, second layer both ends are provided with Mushroom house VMC;
One heat-exchange unit of each corresponding installation of mushroom house, described mushroom house heat-exchange unit, including shell body, in shell body Wall, heat-insulation layer is provided with interlayer;In one end of shell body, three ventilation ducts are connected with, three ventilation ducts are with shell body junction Reducer pipe, reducer pipe are square reducer pipe, make the area increase into the wind of air inlet, in two other wind of three-way air valve Mouth, respectively return air inlet and fresh wind port, are separately installed with air-valve, return air inlet connection mushroom house, and the air of mushroom house is entered by return air inlet Enter unit;Fresh air enters unit by fresh wind port;In the other end of shell body, circular reducer pipe is connected with, makes air inlet air intake Area diminish, circular reducer pipe connecting fan, blower fan is connected into mushroom house;
From square reducer pipe to enclosure interior, screen pack, surface cooler, after surface cooler, in housing are disposed with Electric heating tube is lifted with, tank is housed in the lower bottom space of electric heating tube, humidifier is installed in tank;Surface cooler is two Group, each lead into cold water and hot water;At the both ends of the side of shell body, removable door, the position of removable door are respectively arranged with To be corresponding with screen pack and heating tube;In the lower end of surface cooler, it is provided with condensed water and concentrates tank, condensed water is concentrated under tank End, is provided with heat-insulation layer, and condensed water concentrates tank to be connected with water pipe and is passed through sewer;
Described VMC is:VMC is arranged on longitudinal both ends of the second layer, is communicated with the external world, from extraneous air intake Mouthful, to unit inner side, filtering for the first time and pretreatment surface cooler are disposed with, fresh air pretreatment surface cooler accesses underground water;
On the wall of two layers of every mushroom house, branch's flue gas leading is connected with, branch's flue gas leading accesses total flue gas leading, total waste gas Pipe is in two sheaf spaces, and in two layers of centre position, total flue gas leading draws waste gas vertically upward, at the top of vertical total flue gas leading It is provided with blower fan.
Further, the opening that described air-valve passes through motor control air-valve;Air-valve is:Flabellum is in strip, is A plurality of, the both ends of each flabellum are connected on air-valve frame by the connecting-rod bearing, form linkage, and bearing is connected on motor, are led to The upset of motor control flabellum is crossed, realizes the control to intake size.
Further, the water inlet of described surface cooler or delivery port are connected with electric flow control valve.
Further, described humidifier is ultrasonic humidifier;Described screen pack size is identical with air inlet, Screen pack is that nylon works out net, the larger particles crossed in air filtering.
Further, it is provided with observation window in described removable door.
Further, described surface cooler is three groups, two groups of cold water surface coolers, one group of hot water surface cooler.
Further, the bottom of described shell body is provided with adjustably foot bolt, around shell body, is provided with Hole for hoist;Described outer shell walls inside material uses 304 stainless steel plates.
Further, filtering of described first time uses medium effeciency filter.
Further, in one layer of room of mushroom house, freezer and equipment storeroom are provided with.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:
(1) by mushroom house waste gas uniform effluent, at the top of vertical out-fall to mushroom house, the clear air at the top of mushroom house, easily by with Wind is scattered at a distance, the various miscellaneous bacterias in mushroom house is not interfered with the growth of mushroom in remaining mushroom house;
(2) by preheating surface cooler, outside air is pre-processed.In summer, underground water temperature is less than air themperature, makes air Heat exchange cooling;In the winter time, underground water temperature is higher than air themperature, air heat-exchange is heated up;Anticipated, save the energy.
(3) total flue gas leading is in two sheaf spaces, the heat in waste gas is exchanged heat with the air in two layers, further Utilize waste-gas heat;When temperature is higher than the temperature in two sheaf spaces in mushroom house, the heat of mushroom house waste gas is passed by total flue gas leading Pass the air in two sheaf spaces;If the temperature in mushroom house is less than the temperature in two sheaf spaces, total flue gas leading is in two sheaf spaces Air carry out precooling.
(4) by blower fan and surface cooler and electric heating tube, the cooperation of humidifier, temperature, humidity and the air in mushroom house are made Quality is controlled, and promotes the growth of mushroom;Heat-insulation layer is set in outer crustless sandwich, the energy damage in shell body can be reduced Lose, additionally it is possible to avoid in the case where surface cooler is passed through cold water state, surface cooler appearance and air contact, reduce the yield of condensed water; The use of square reducer pipe, make the area increase of wind entered from three ventilation ducts in shell body, increase what wind changed with surface cooler Contact area, make the air-flow uniformity by surface cooler, heat exchanger efficiency maximizes, and increases heat exchange power;Concentrated in condensed water The bottom side of tank, heat-insulation layer is set, can prevent bottom land side from forming condensed water again, pollutes ground.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is overlooking the structure diagram of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is front view structure sketch of the present utility model;
Fig. 3 is the outside overall structure diagram of mushroom house heat-exchange unit of the present utility model;
Fig. 4 is the internal structure schematic diagram of mushroom house heat-exchange unit of the present utility model.
In figure, 1, shell body;2nd, air inlet;3-1, return air inlet;3-2, fresh wind port;4th, air outlet;5th, screen pack;6th, table Cooler;7th, electric heating tube;8th, humidifier;9th, blower fan;10th, water inlet;11st, electric flow control valve;12nd, condensed water collection reclaimed water Groove;13rd, removable door;14th, observation window;15th, foundation bolt;16th, three ventilation duct;17th, corridor;18th, mushroom house;19th, mushroom house exchanges heat Unit;20th, VMC;21st, branch's flue gas leading;22nd, total flue gas leading;23rd, air-introduced machine;24th, freezer;25th, equipment storeroom.
Embodiment
Referring to accompanying drawing:A kind of Novel mushroom house structure, include overall mushroom house, heat-exchange unit and VMC, its feature and exist In:Corridor 17 is divided for two layers among described mushroom house, and roof is in " people " font, one layer in mushroom house corridor, is provided with and leads to The door of each mushroom house 18, in the top in one layer of corridor, for the second layer in corridor 17, on the second layer, heat-exchange unit 19 is provided with, Second layer both ends are provided with mushroom house VMC 20;
Described mushroom house heat exchange VMC, including mushroom house heat-exchange unit 19 and VMC 20, each mushroom house are correspondingly set Put one group of mushroom house heat-exchange unit 19;Described mushroom house heat-exchange unit 19, including shell body 1, set in the wall of shell body 1, interlayer There is heat-insulation layer;Heat-insulation layer is provided with interlayer, the energy loss in shell body 1 can be reduced, additionally it is possible to is avoided in surface cooler 6 It is passed through under cold water state, the outside of surface cooler 6 and air contact, avoids to outside air setting, described outer shell walls inner side material Material uses 304 stainless steel plates, corrosion-resistant, extends unit durability;In one end of shell body 1, three ventilation ducts 16, three ventilations are connected with Pipe 16 and the junction of shell body 1 are reducer pipe, and reducer pipe is square reducer pipe, the draught area of air inlet 2 is become big, increase Wind and the contact area of surface cooler heat exchange, make the air-flow uniformity by surface cooler, and heat exchanger efficiency maximizes, increase heat exchange work( Rate;In two other air port of three-way air valve, respectively return air inlet 3-1 and fresh wind port 3-2, air-valve, return air inlet are separately installed with 3-1 connection mushroom houses, the air of mushroom house enter unit by return air inlet;Fresh air enters unit by fresh wind port 3-2;In shell body The other end, circular reducer pipe is connected with, the area of the air intake of air inlet 4 is diminished, the circular blower fan of reducer pipe connecting fan 9,9 connection Enter mushroom house 18;
From square reducer pipe to enclosure interior, screen pack 5, surface cooler 6, after surface cooler 6, in shell are disposed with Electric heating tube 7 is lifted with vivo, in the lower bottom tank of electric heating tube 7, humidifier 8 is installed;Surface cooler 7 is two groups, The water inlet or delivery port of described surface cooler 6 are connected with electric flow control valve 11;At the both ends of the side of shell body 1, Removable door 13 is respectively arranged with, the position of removable door 13 is corresponding with screen pack 5 and electric heating tube 7, in removable door 13 It is provided with observation window 14;The state of screen pack and electric heating tube can be observed at any time, and removable door is facilitated to the He of screen pack 5 The replacement and repair of electric heating tube, described screen pack size is identical with air inlet, and screen pack is that nylon works out net, filtering Larger particles in air;In the lower end of surface cooler 6, it is provided with condensed water and concentrates tank 12, condensed water concentrates tank 12 Lower end, is provided with heat-insulation layer, and condensed water concentrates tank 12 to be connected with water pipe and is passed through sewer;The bottom of tank 12 is concentrated in condensed water Side, heat-insulation layer is set, can prevent bottom land side from forming condensed water again, pollutes ground.
Described VMC 20 is:VMC 20 is arranged on longitudinal both ends of the second layer, is communicated with the external world, from the external world Air inlet, to unit inner side, it is disposed with filtering for the first time and pretreatment surface cooler;VMC mainly has two functions: First, fresh air filters, by medium effeciency filter, part dust is blocked in outer;Second, by fresh air Temperature pre-treatment, underground water is utilized By pre-processing surface cooler, summer then heats up fresh air fresh air cooling, winter.
On the wall of two layers of every mushroom house, branch's flue gas leading 21 is connected with, branch's flue gas leading 21 accesses total flue gas leading 22, Total flue gas leading 22 draws waste gas vertically upward, and air-introduced machine 23 is provided with the top of vertical total flue gas leading.
Further, the opening that the air-valve stated passes through motor control air-valve;Air-valve is:Flabellum is in strip, is more Bar, the both ends of each flabellum are connected on air-valve frame by the connecting-rod bearing, form linkage, and bearing is connected on motor, passed through Motor control flabellum is overturn, and realizes the control to intake size.When heat-exchange unit carries out interior circulate, by fresh wind port 3-2 wind Valve is closed, and carries out return air using return air inlet 3-1 completely, makes to circulate in the environment in mushroom house;When needing the wind in fresh air and mushroom house When being used in mixed way, fresh wind port 3-2 and return air inlet 3-1 air-valves unlatching size are controlled respectively, so as to control in fresh air and mushroom house The mixed proportion of wind.
Further, described humidifier 8 is ultrasonic humidifier;The described size of screen pack 5 and air inlet phase Together, screen pack is that nylon works out net, the larger particles crossed in air filtering.
Further, described surface cooler 6 is three groups, two groups of cold water surface coolers, one group of hot water surface cooler.
Further, the bottom of described shell body is provided with adjustably foot bolt 15, around shell body, sets There is hole for hoist;The described wall inside material of shell body 1 uses 304 stainless steel plates.
Further, filtering of described first time uses medium effeciency filter.
Further, in one layer of room of mushroom house, freezer 14 and equipment storeroom 25 are provided with.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of Novel mushroom house structure, include overall mushroom house, heat-exchange unit and VMC, it is characterised in that described mushroom Corridor is divided into two layers among room, and roof is in " people " font, one layer in mushroom house corridor, is provided with the door for leading to each mushroom house, In the top in one layer of corridor, for the second layer in corridor, on the second layer, heat-exchange unit is provided with, second layer both ends are provided with mushroom Room VMC;
One heat-exchange unit of each corresponding installation of mushroom house, described mushroom house heat-exchange unit, including shell body, in outer shell walls, folder Heat-insulation layer is provided with layer;In one end of shell body, three ventilation ducts are connected with, three ventilation ducts and shell body junction are reducing Pipe, reducer pipe is square reducer pipe, makes the area increase into the wind of air inlet, in two other air port of three-way air valve, divides Not Wei return air inlet and fresh wind port, be separately installed with air-valve, return air inlet connection mushroom house, the air of mushroom house enters machine by return air inlet Group;Fresh air enters unit by fresh wind port;In the other end of shell body, circular reducer pipe is connected with, makes the face of air inlet air intake Product diminishes, and circular reducer pipe connecting fan, blower fan is connected into mushroom house;
From square reducer pipe to enclosure interior, screen pack is disposed with, surface cooler, after surface cooler, is lifted in housing There is electric heating tube, tank is housed in the lower bottom space of electric heating tube, humidifier is installed in tank;Surface cooler is two groups, Each lead into cold water and hot water;At the both ends of the side of shell body, be respectively arranged with removable door, the position of removable door be with Screen pack and heating tube are corresponding;In the lower end of surface cooler, it is provided with condensed water and concentrates tank, condensed water concentrates the lower end of tank, Heat-insulation layer is provided with, condensed water concentrates tank to be connected with water pipe and is passed through sewer;
Described VMC is:VMC is arranged on longitudinal both ends of the second layer, is communicated with the external world, from extraneous air inlet, On the inside of to unit, filtering for the first time and pretreatment surface cooler, fresh air pretreatment surface cooler access underground water are disposed with;
On the wall of two layers of every mushroom house, branch's flue gas leading is connected with, branch's flue gas leading accesses total flue gas leading, at total flue gas leading In in two sheaf spaces, in two layers of centre position, total flue gas leading draws waste gas vertically upward, is set at the top of vertical total flue gas leading There is blower fan.
2. Novel mushroom house structure according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described air-valve passes through motor control air-valve Opening;Air-valve is:Flabellum is in strip, and to be a plurality of, the both ends of each flabellum are connected to air-valve frame by the connecting-rod bearing On, linkage is formed, bearing is connected on motor, overturn by motor control flabellum, realizes the control to intake size.
3. Novel mushroom house structure according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the water inlet of described surface cooler or water outlet Mouth is connected with electric flow control valve.
4. Novel mushroom house structure according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described humidifier is ultrasonic humidifier; Described screen pack size is identical with air inlet, and screen pack is that nylon works out net, the larger particles crossed in air filtering.
5. Novel mushroom house structure according to claim 1, it is characterised in that observation is provided with described removable door Window.
6. Novel mushroom house structure according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described surface cooler is three groups, two groups of cold water Surface cooler, one group of hot water surface cooler.
7. Novel mushroom house structure according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the bottom of described shell body is provided with adjustable Save land foot bolt, around shell body, is provided with hole for hoist;Described outer shell walls inside material uses 304 stainless steel plates.
8. Novel mushroom house structure according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described first time filtering uses medium air filtration Device.
9. Novel mushroom house structure according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in one layer of room of mushroom house, set There are freezer and equipment storeroom.
CN201720538637.5U 2017-05-15 2017-05-15 A kind of Novel mushroom house structure Expired - Fee Related CN206808131U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720538637.5U CN206808131U (en) 2017-05-15 2017-05-15 A kind of Novel mushroom house structure

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720538637.5U CN206808131U (en) 2017-05-15 2017-05-15 A kind of Novel mushroom house structure

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN206808131U true CN206808131U (en) 2017-12-29

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CN201720538637.5U Expired - Fee Related CN206808131U (en) 2017-05-15 2017-05-15 A kind of Novel mushroom house structure

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113455299A (en) * 2021-06-30 2021-10-01 尹晓梅 Wind speed control device for multilayer shelf of mushroom culture room

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113455299A (en) * 2021-06-30 2021-10-01 尹晓梅 Wind speed control device for multilayer shelf of mushroom culture room

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Granted publication date: 20171229

Termination date: 20200515