CN206664683U - A kind of universal chassis of diagonal wheel drive - Google Patents

A kind of universal chassis of diagonal wheel drive Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206664683U
CN206664683U CN201720387099.4U CN201720387099U CN206664683U CN 206664683 U CN206664683 U CN 206664683U CN 201720387099 U CN201720387099 U CN 201720387099U CN 206664683 U CN206664683 U CN 206664683U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
wheel
driven pulley
steering
rotating box
driving
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201720387099.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
郭丽蕊
张申起
郭军强
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Wuhan University WHU
Original Assignee
Wuhan University WHU
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Wuhan University WHU filed Critical Wuhan University WHU
Priority to CN201720387099.4U priority Critical patent/CN206664683U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN206664683U publication Critical patent/CN206664683U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of universal chassis of diagonal wheel drive,Including bottom plate,Two driving wheels,Two driven pulleys,Drive shaft,Steering spindle,Motor and steering motor,Two driving wheels and two driven pulleys are diagonally arranged on bottom plate respectively,Motor drives two driving wheels by drive shaft,It is connected between the driving wheel and driven pulley of bottom plate front end by steering spindle,The driving wheel includes wheel,Transverse axis,Rotating box,The longitudinal axis and mounting seat,Wheel is arranged on rotating box bottom by transverse axis,The longitudinal axis is arranged in rotating box by bearing and is driven with transverse axis by bevel gear,Longitudinal axis upper end is driven with drive shaft by bevel gear,Rotating box is arranged in mounting seat by bearing,Rotating box top passes through gear drive with the steering drive axle in mounting seat,Steering drive axle is connected with steering spindle by bevel gear transmission.The present apparatus solves the problems, such as that driving wheel can not turn to, and can be substantially reduced vehicle turn radius, specific larger promotional value.

Description

A kind of universal chassis of diagonal wheel drive
Technical field
It the utility model is related to universal chassis, more particularly to a kind of universal chassis of diagonal wheel drive.
Background technology
Transport chassis equipped with universal wheel solves the problem that jumbo transports steering in small space, realizes weight Type equipment safety, efficient translation, the transport chassis used at present in engineering only have two universal wheels, and two other is orientation Wheel, motor driving directional wheel, universal wheel is unable to drive, because directional wheel can not turn to, this chassis turns to still inadequate Freely, and bad control direction.
Utility model content
In order to solve the above problems, the utility model provides a kind of universal chassis of diagonal wheel drive.
A kind of universal chassis of diagonal wheel drive, it is characterised in that:Including bottom plate, universal wheel, drive shaft, steering spindle, drive Dynamic motor and steering motor, the universal wheel include two driving wheels and two driven pulleys, described two driving wheels and two from Driving wheel diagonally sets be arranged on bottom plate respectively, is connected between two driving wheels by drive shaft, motor passes through differential Device is connected with drive shaft, is connected between the driving wheel and driven pulley of bottom plate front end by steering spindle, and steering motor output end is with turning It is fixedly linked to axle, the driving wheel includes wheel, transverse axis, rotating box, the longitudinal axis and mounting seat, and the wheel is pacified by transverse axis Mounted in rotating box bottom, the longitudinal axis is arranged in rotating box by bearing, and longitudinal axis lower end is driven phase with transverse axis by bevel gear Even, longitudinal axis upper end is connected with driveshaft end also by bevel gear transmission, and rotating box is arranged in mounting seat by bearing, peace Dress seat is fixed on bottom plate, and rotating box top is provided with tooth sector, and mounting seat is provided with steering drive axle, on steering drive axle Provided with the steering travelling gear engaged with tooth sector, it is driven at the top of the steering drive axle with turning to shaft end by bevel gear It is connected.
As an improvement, the driven pulley includes driven wheel, driven pulley transverse axis, driven pulley rotating box and driven pulley installation Seat, the driven wheel are arranged on driven pulley rotating box bottom by driven pulley transverse axis, and driven pulley rotating box passes through bearing In driven pulley mounting seat, driven pulley mounting seat is fixed on bottom plate, and driven pulley rotating box top passes through sloth wheel gear It is connected with turning to shaft end.
As an improvement, the driving wheel meets that R1/R2=Z1/Z2, R1 are the wheel radius of driving wheel, R2 is driving wheel Wheel center line is to the distance of longitudinal axis axis, and Z1 is bevel gear wheel number on transverse axis, and Z2 is the umbrella tooth tooth number of longitudinal axis lower end.
As an improvement, being connected between the driving wheel and driven pulley of the base plate rear end also by steering spindle, also set on bottom plate There is a steering motor for driving the steering spindle so as to realize front and rear four universal wheels on bottom plate while turn to.
The beneficial effects of the utility model:The utility model both can with longitudinal driving can also cross running because being pair Horn ring driving, so no matter longitudinal direction or cross running are all without there is the unbalanced problem of driving force.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 uses new structure schematic diagram for this.
Fig. 2 uses novel steering system structure diagram for this.
Fig. 3 uses New type driving system structural representation for this.
In figure, 1- driving wheels, 2- bottom plates, 3- steering motors, 4- steering spindles, 5- driven pulleys, 6- drive shafts, 7- differential mechanisms, 8- motors, the 9- longitudinal axis, 10- mounting seats, 11- rotating box, 12- wheels, 13- longitudinal axis bevel gears, 14- transverse axis, 15- transverse axis Bevel gear, 16- tooth sectors, 17- steering travelling gears, 18- steering drive axles, the driven wheels of 19-, 20- driven pulley transverse axis, 21- driven pulley rotating box, 22- driven pulley mounting seats, 23- sloth wheel gears, 24- bevel gears.
Embodiment
In order that those skilled in the art more fully understands the technical solution of the utility model, below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and have Body embodiment is described in further detail to the utility model,
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, a kind of universal chassis of diagonal wheel drive, including bottom plate 2, universal wheel, drive shaft 6, steering Axle 4, motor 8 and steering motor 3, the universal wheel include two driving wheels 1 and two driven pulleys 5, described two drivings Wheel 1 and two driven pulleys 5 diagonally set installation on a base plate 2 respectively, are connected group by drive shaft 6 between two driving wheels 1 Into drive system, motor 8 is connected by differential mechanism 7 with drive shaft 6, and the differential mechanism 7 is to ensure when turning two Individual driving wheel 1 can keep differential speed rotation, prevent the sliding phenomenon dragged and trackslipped, the driving wheel 1 and driven pulley of the front end of bottom plate 2 Steering is connected to form by steering spindle 4 between 5, the output end of steering motor 3 is fixedly linked with steering spindle 4, such as Fig. 2 and Fig. 3 Shown, the driving wheel 1 includes wheel 12, transverse axis 14, rotating box 11, the longitudinal axis 9 and mounting seat 10, the wheel 12 by with The one end of transverse axis 14 is connected, and transverse axis 14 is arranged on the bottom of rotating box 11 by bearing, and transverse axis 14 is located at the end in rotating box 11 Portion is provided with transverse axis bevel gear 15, and the longitudinal axis 9 is arranged in rotating box 11 by bearing, and the lower end of the longitudinal axis 9 is provided with longitudinal axis bevel gear 13, Longitudinal axis bevel gear 13 and the engaged transmission of transverse axis bevel gear 15, the upper end of the longitudinal axis 9 stretch out rotating box 11 and the end of drive shaft 6 also by The transmission of bevel gear 24 is connected, and rotating box 11 is arranged in mounting seat 10 by bearing, and mounting seat 10 is fixed on a base plate 2, rotation The top of turnning box body 11 is provided with the tooth sector 16 being fixedly linked, and mounting seat 10 is provided with the steering drive axle installed by bearing 18, steering drive axle 18 is provided with the steering travelling gear 17 engaged with tooth sector 16, turns to travelling gear 17 and is passed with turning to Moving axis 18 is relatively fixed, and the top of steering drive axle 18 is connected with the end of steering spindle 4 by the transmission of bevel gear 24.
As shown in Fig. 2 the driven pulley 5 include driven wheel 19, driven pulley transverse axis 20, driven pulley rotating box 21 and from Driving wheel mounting seat 22, the driven wheel 19 are connected with the one end of driven pulley transverse axis 20, and driven pulley transverse axis 20 is arranged on by bearing The bottom of driven pulley rotating box 21, driven pulley rotating box 21 are arranged in driven pulley mounting seat 22 by bearing, driven pulley peace Dress seat 22 is fixed on a base plate 2, and the top of driven pulley rotating box 21 is connected by sloth wheel gear 23 with the end of steering spindle 4.
The present embodiment driven pulley 5 is similar with the structure of driving wheel 1, passes through umbrella tooth on driven pulley 5 plus with driven pulley transverse axis 20 The longitudinal axis of transmission is taken turns, tooth sector 16, the steering drive axle 18 in driven pulley mounting seat 22 are added in driven pulley rotating box 21 Driving wheel 1 is can obtain, therefore there is certain versatility in driving wheel 1 and the structure of driven pulley 5.
The both ends of steering spindle 4 driven respectively by bevel gear 24 respectively driving wheel 1 rotating box 11 and driven pulley 5 it is driven Wheel rotating box 21 rotates, because the characteristic of gear can cause the steering of driving wheel 1 and driven pulley 5 on the contrary, therefore in steering spindle 4 Sloth wheel gear 23 is set between driven pulley rotating box 21, and the setting of sloth wheel gear 23 is in order that must be 4 turns by steering spindle Xiang Shi, ensure the direction of rotation of bevel gear 24 at steering spindle 4 both ends on the contrary, so as to ensure the driving wheel 1 at the both ends of steering spindle 4 and driven The steering of wheel 5 is identical, realizes driving wheel 1 and the synchronous steering of driven pulley 5.
The driving wheel 1 meets that R1/R2=Z1/Z2, R1 are the radiuses of wheel 12 of driving wheel 1, and R2 is the wheel of driving wheel 1 12 center lines are to the distance of the axis of the longitudinal axis 9, and Z1 is the number of teeth of transverse axis bevel gear 15, and Z2 is the longitudinal axis bevel gear 13 of the lower end of the longitudinal axis 9 The number of teeth.
Further, it is connected between the driving wheel 1 and driven pulley 5 of the rear end of bottom plate 2 also by steering spindle 4, on bottom plate 2 A steering motor 3 for driving the steering spindle 4 is additionally provided with so as to realize front and rear four universal wheels on bottom plate 2 while turn to.
Steering spindle 4 can drive 5 360 ° of steerings of driving wheel 1 and driven pulley at its both ends, if former and later two steerings of bottom plate 2 Axle 4 simultaneously work can make the utility model do longitudinally, laterally with oblique translation.If only a steering spindle 4 works, Ke Yiben Utility model is as running car mode.

Claims (4)

  1. A kind of 1. universal chassis of diagonal wheel drive, it is characterised in that:Including bottom plate, universal wheel, drive shaft, steering spindle, driving Motor and steering motor, the universal wheel include two driving wheels and two driven pulleys, described two driving wheels and two it is driven Wheel diagonally sets be arranged on bottom plate respectively, is connected between two driving wheels by drive shaft, motor passes through differential mechanism It is connected with drive shaft, is connected between the driving wheel and driven pulley of bottom plate front end by steering spindle, steering motor output end is with turning to Axle is fixedly linked, and the driving wheel includes wheel, transverse axis, rotating box, the longitudinal axis and mounting seat, and the wheel is installed by transverse axis In rotating box bottom, the longitudinal axis is arranged in rotating box by bearing, and longitudinal axis lower end is connected with transverse axis by bevel gear transmission, Longitudinal axis upper end is connected with driveshaft end also by bevel gear transmission, and rotating box is arranged in mounting seat by bearing, installation Seat is fixed on bottom plate, and rotating box top is provided with tooth sector, and mounting seat is provided with steering drive axle, set on steering drive axle There is the steering travelling gear engaged with tooth sector, the steering drive axle top is driven phase with turning to shaft end by bevel gear Even.
  2. A kind of 2. universal chassis of diagonal wheel drive according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The driven pulley includes driven Wheel, driven pulley transverse axis, driven pulley rotating box and driven pulley mounting seat, the driven wheel are arranged on by driven pulley transverse axis Driven pulley rotating box bottom, driven pulley rotating box are arranged in driven pulley mounting seat by bearing, and driven pulley mounting seat is consolidated It is scheduled on bottom plate, driven pulley rotating box top is connected by sloth wheel gear with turning to shaft end.
  3. A kind of 3. universal chassis of diagonal wheel drive according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The driving wheel meets R1/ R2=Z1/Z2, R1 are the wheel radius of driving wheel, R2 be the wheel center line of driving wheel to the distance of longitudinal axis axis, Z1 be transverse axis Upper bevel gear wheel number, Z2 are the umbrella tooth tooth numbers of longitudinal axis lower end.
  4. A kind of 4. universal chassis of diagonal wheel drive according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The driving of the base plate rear end It is connected between wheel and driven pulley also by steering spindle, a steering motor for driving the steering spindle is additionally provided with bottom plate so as to realize Front and rear four universal wheels turn to simultaneously on bottom plate.
CN201720387099.4U 2017-04-13 2017-04-13 A kind of universal chassis of diagonal wheel drive Expired - Fee Related CN206664683U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720387099.4U CN206664683U (en) 2017-04-13 2017-04-13 A kind of universal chassis of diagonal wheel drive

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720387099.4U CN206664683U (en) 2017-04-13 2017-04-13 A kind of universal chassis of diagonal wheel drive

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN206664683U true CN206664683U (en) 2017-11-24

Family

ID=60381158

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201720387099.4U Expired - Fee Related CN206664683U (en) 2017-04-13 2017-04-13 A kind of universal chassis of diagonal wheel drive

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN206664683U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109484166A (en) * 2018-12-10 2019-03-19 贾立进 A kind of diagonal actuation techniques device of vehicle

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109484166A (en) * 2018-12-10 2019-03-19 贾立进 A kind of diagonal actuation techniques device of vehicle

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Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20171124

Termination date: 20210413

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee