Reliable and practical vehicle-mounted hydrogen-feeding system
The application is related to the accumulating feed system and fixed structure of a kind of gases at high pressure, more particularly to a kind of reliable and practical
Vehicle-mounted hydrogen-feeding system, be small-sized vehicle fuel battery supply hydrogen.
Hydrogen Energy is as a kind of secondary energy sources, in recent years because it has pollution-free, raw material sources storage in new energy field
Amount is abundant and is easy to the advantage such as to exchange with other form of energy and has obtained great development.The combustion originated using Hydrogen Energy as energy
The features such as material battery is with its service efficiency height, environmental protection has obtained preferable utilization in automotive engineering, highlights and tradition
The many advantages that automobile is compared with pure electric automobile.
Vehicle-mounted hydrogen-feeding system is the important component of fuel cell car, and its effect is exactly to provide combustion for fuel battery engines
Material supply.Hardware and control system two parts can be divided into.Hardware system includes carbon fiber winding aluminum liner hydrogen storage bottle, combined type
Cylinder valve, fixed mount, overflow valve, pressure-reducing valve, pressure/temperature sensor etc. are constituted.And control system is then the control by formulation
The feedback signal of tactful and each pressure/temperature sensor carries out ON/OFF control to the magnetic valve of system, and provides vehicle-mounted hydrogen supply system
The in good time state of system.
Several hydrogen-feeding systems existed in current industry mainly have：That is designed for oversize vehicle hydrogen fuel cell is more
The vehicle-mounted hydrogen-feeding system of bottle group, the hydrogen-feeding system that can be changed online, the hydrogen-feeding system that some flows are complicated, technique is conservative.Such as patent
Number be CN201020118270.X (publication numbers：CN201659944U " the vehicle-mounted hydrogen-feeding system of fuel-cell vehicle "), it is described
As it is applied to the vehicle-mounted hydrogen-feeding system of fuel battery city bus, the hydrogen-feeding system is many bottles of group hydrogen-feeding system structures,
It is not suitable for supplying for small-sized logistic car on-vehicle fuel.Patent No. 201220001180.1 (U of CN 202434641)
" fuel cell hydrogen supplying system for backup power ", describes a kind of hydrogen-feeding system that online switching replacing hydrogen bottle can be achieved, root
According to existing laws and regulations requirement, the hydrogen-feeding system is not suitable for using on Vehicular system.The patent No. 201220042041.3 is (open
Number：The U of CN 202523796) " a kind of safe and reliable fuel cell hydrogen-feeding system ", describe it is a kind of be applied to it is double
The hydrogen-feeding system of bottle group, double-fuel cell heap and above specification, for point of view of practicability, the flow slightly shows complexity, is manufactured into
This is higher.
Although existing vehicle-mounted hydrogen-feeding system can meet the use requirement of vehicle at present, in integral arrangement and make
With also there is a little deficiency in convenience, the following aspects is mainly reflected in：
1st, in terms of integral arrangement, because fuel cell car parts itself are more, and by vehicle installing space
Limitation, all part arrangements get up more dispersed, mixed and disorderly, and whole system Frame Design is conservative, is designed using rectangular tube, increases
Hydrogen-feeding system overall weight is added.
2nd, in market application aspect, due to belonging to industry development initial stage at present, the hydrogenation stations of in the market operation be not it is a lot,
And website is smaller, vehicle is accomplished by having observed hydrogenation machine in advance with whether being hydrogenated with the position of mouth on vehicle same when driving into hydrogenation stations
Side, is accomplished by adjusting direction of traffic again, is not only made troubles to human pilot, and easily cause hydrogenation stations once ignoring
3rd, in terms of technological process, the valve on vehicle-mounted hydrogen-feeding system process pipeline is generally high pressure valve, and in view of hydrogen
The particularity of medium, the selection for Important Components is most based on imported valve, and this has resulted in vehicle-mounted hydrogen-feeding system system
Cause high, a low situation of fuel-cell vehicle society popularization degree.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of reliable and practical vehicle-mounted hydrogen-feeding system, of the prior art to overcome
It is not enough.
To achieve the above object, the utility model provides following technical scheme：
The embodiment of the present application discloses a kind of reliable and practical vehicle-mounted hydrogen-feeding system, including support and is horizontally installed to institute
State and be provided with bottle head filling panel and bottle tail filling panel on the hydrogen bottle component on support, the support, this bottle of head fills panel
The head and the tail two ends that panel is located at hydrogen bottle component respectively are filled with bottle tail.
It is preferred that, in above-mentioned reliable and practical vehicle-mounted hydrogen-feeding system, hydrogen bottle component includes the first hydrogen bottle and the
Dihydro bottle, the first hydrogen bottle and the second hydrogen bottle are setting up and down.
It is preferred that, in above-mentioned reliable and practical vehicle-mounted hydrogen-feeding system, the bottle head filling panel and bottle tail filling face
Plate corresponds respectively to the head and the tail two ends of the second hydrogen bottle.
It is preferred that, in above-mentioned reliable and practical vehicle-mounted hydrogen-feeding system, the support includes protect-ing frame structure and support
The first installing space and the second installing space are formed with above and below supporting leg below protect-ing frame structure, the protect-ing frame structure, it is described
Hydrogen bottle modular support is provided with air pressure pump and radiator in first installing space in second installing space.
It is preferred that, in above-mentioned reliable and practical vehicle-mounted hydrogen-feeding system, the protect-ing frame structure is fixed by rectangular steel pipe.
It is preferred that, in above-mentioned reliable and practical vehicle-mounted hydrogen-feeding system, the supporting leg is described including being respectively supported at
First supporting leg and the second supporting leg at protect-ing frame structure two ends, first supporting leg and the second supporting leg are used to including one respectively
Mounting hole is offered on the angle steel fixed with vehicle body side member, the angle steel.
It is preferred that, in above-mentioned reliable and practical vehicle-mounted hydrogen-feeding system, the hydrogen bottle component is connected to combustion by pipeline
Expect battery, on the pipeline, after pressure-reducing valve, enter fuel cell before low pressure supply air line on install low-voltage solenoid valve.
It is preferred that, in above-mentioned reliable and practical vehicle-mounted hydrogen-feeding system, the inlet pressure of the fuel cell be less than or
Equal to 1.0MPa, the low-voltage solenoid valve pressure is between 1.2~2.0MPa.
Compared with prior art, the utility model has the advantage of：
1st, by adjusting the structure of fixed mount in vehicle-mounted hydrogen-feeding system, parts in vehicle dynamical system are solved cloth is installed
The problem of putting difficulty, improves the integrated level of whole Hydrogen Fuel-cell Vehicles parts, and the overall protection of system and arrangement are all carried
Supply convenient, compact conformation is safe and reliable；
2nd, by the simplification to fixed rack structure, the overall weight of whole hydrogen-feeding system is significantly reduced, vehicle is realized
Light-weight design, reduces integral manufacturing cost；
3rd, by way of increasing aerating panel assembly (aerating mouthful and pressure gauge), vehicle is realized regardless of in what condition
The function of hydrogenation can be realized down, have to see vehicle hydrogenation mouth position with adding when solving former only one of which aerating panel assembly
Whether hydrogen station matches consistent embarrassment, to daily convenient with providing；
4th, magnetic valve is arranged in adjustment gas supply pipe system position and type selecting are crossed, the premise of performance requirement is being met
Under realize drop this；Optimization to fixed mount in vehicle-mounted hydrogen-feeding system simultaneously, realizes the light-weighted requirement of vehicle, improves fortune
The effect of battalion.
Brief description of the drawings
, below will be to embodiment or existing in order to illustrate more clearly of the embodiment of the present application or technical scheme of the prior art
There is the accompanying drawing used required in technology description to be briefly described, it should be apparent that, drawings in the following description are only this
Some embodiments described in application, for those of ordinary skill in the art, on the premise of not paying creative work,
Other accompanying drawings can also be obtained according to these accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 show the dimensional structure diagram of the vehicle-mounted first side of hydrogen-feeding system bottle in the utility model specific embodiment；
Fig. 2 show the dimensional structure diagram of vehicle-mounted hydrogen-feeding system bottle tail side in the utility model specific embodiment.
Fig. 3 show the pipeline structure figure of vehicle-mounted hydrogen-feeding system bottle tail in the utility model specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the utility model embodiment, the technical scheme in the utility model embodiment is carried out
Detailed description, it is clear that described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the utility model, rather than whole implementation
Example.Based on the embodiment in the utility model, those of ordinary skill in the art institute on the premise of creative work is not made
The every other embodiment obtained, belongs to the scope of the utility model protection.
With reference to shown in Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, reliable and practical vehicle-mounted hydrogen-feeding system, including support 1 and it is horizontally installed to support
On hydrogen bottle component 2, bottle head filling panel 3 and bottle tail filling panel 4, this bottle of head filling panel 3 and bottle tail are provided with support 1
Fill the head and the tail two ends that panel 4 is located at hydrogen bottle component 2 respectively.
In the technical scheme, to comply with the market demand, two aerating face equipments are provided with vehicle-mounted hydrogen-feeding system, i.e.,
Aerating panel is all arranged in the vehicle left and right sides, so as to vehicle no matter being limited under what driving conditions or in hydrogenation stations condition
Under, do not influence vehicle to be hydrogenated with, the not hydrogenation work of only vehicle brings convenient and reduces what hydrogenation stations put into effect
Further, hydrogen bottle component 2 includes the first hydrogen bottle 201 and the second hydrogen bottle 202, the first hydrogen bottle 201 and the second hydrogen bottle
202 is setting up and down.
Further, bottle head filling panel 3 and bottle tail filling panel 4 correspond respectively to the head and the tail two of the second hydrogen bottle 202
Further, support 1 includes protect-ing frame structure 101 and is supported in the supporting leg 102 of the lower section of protect-ing frame structure 101, protects
Shield framework is formed with the first installing space 103 and the second installing space 104 about 101, it is empty that hydrogen bottle component 2 is supported in the first installation
Between in 103, air pressure pump and radiator (not shown) are installed in the second installing space 104.
In the technical scheme, this case is improved in terms of structure arrangement to vehicle-mounted hydrogen-feeding system fixed mount, by framework
Two parts above and below divide into.Top is used for the fixed hydrogen-feeding system being made up of hydrogen bottle and supply air line, and bottom is removed and adds and can consolidate
Outside the position for determining the parts such as air pressure pump, DC/DC, it is fixed on using the space of vehicle crossbeam both sides by radiator is also integrated
On the fixed mount of vehicle-mounted hydrogen-feeding system, and top hydrogen bottle and lower power system are carried out by cut-off protection using dividing plate, subtracted significantly
The light arrangement pressure of vehicle parts positions, while a good protective action is served using the structure of fixed mount, it is right
The reasonability of arrangement serves positive effect.
Further, protect-ing frame structure 101 is fixed by rectangular steel pipe.
Further, supporting leg 102 includes the first supporting leg 1021 for being respectively supported at protect-ing frame structure two ends and second
Support leg 1022, the first supporting leg 1021 and the second supporting leg 1022 include an angle steel for being used to fix with vehicle body side member respectively
1023, mounting hole is offered on angle steel 1023.
In the technical scheme, the structure to non-bearing beam in fixed mount is simplified, and fixed mount surrounding was used originally
Rectangle tubular construction be changed to steel angle structure, significantly reduce fixed mount overall weight, it is possible to decrease the 10% of fixed mount gross weight is left
It is right.
In terms of technological process, it is excellent that this case has carried out adjustment to the type selecting and installation site of vehicle-mounted hydrogen-feeding system solenoid
Change.In whole vehicle-mounted hydrogen-feeding system pipeline component cost, cost proportion is larger shared by magnetic valve, and the cost of magnetic valve and its
It is directly proportional using design pressure, i.e., operating pressure is higher, magnetic valve cost is higher.High pressure on current existing vehicle-mounted hydrogen-feeding system
Magnetic valve is limited by technical factor, is not selected domestic magnetic valve typically and is selected imported product, but imported valve price is higher, this
Undoubtedly add the manufacturing cost of equipment.
The present embodiment eliminates the high-pressure solenoid valve on high-pressure air feed pipeline, and after pressure-reducing valve 10, enter fuel cell
Low-voltage solenoid valve 20 is installed on low pressure supply air line before, source of the gas pipeline guarantor can be closed under powering-off state by equally also playing
Protect the effect of pile.
The specific pressure set points of low-voltage solenoid valve are that the pressure of reference fuel battery-end comes given.Fuel cell enters
Mouth pressure is less than or equal to 1.0MPa, and the low-voltage solenoid valve pressure is between 1.2~2.0MPa.In the present embodiment, combustion used
The inlet pressure for expecting battery is 0.9 or 1.0MPa, and the low-voltage solenoid valve selected by us is 1.6MPa, can also be selected
2.0MPa's, but relative price is higher, also can select 1.2MPa's.
In addition, also can select the more ripe domestic low-voltage solenoid valve of technology, so use meeting vehicle-mounted hydrogen-feeding system
On the premise of functional requirement, greatly reduce the overall manufacturing cost of equipment, and for corollary equipment type selecting also provide it is very big
It is convenient.
It should be noted that herein, such as first and second or the like relational terms are used merely to a reality
Body or operation make a distinction with another entity or operation, and not necessarily require or imply these entities or deposited between operating
In any this actual relation or order.Moreover, term " comprising ", "comprising" or its any other variant are intended to
Nonexcludability is included, so that process, method, article or equipment including a series of key elements not only will including those
Element, but also other key elements including being not expressly set out, or also include being this process, method, article or equipment
Intrinsic key element.In the absence of more restrictions, the key element limited by sentence "including a ...", it is not excluded that
Also there is other identical element in process, method, article or equipment including the key element.
Described above is only the embodiment of the application, it is noted that for the ordinary skill people of the art
For member, on the premise of the application principle is not departed from, some improvements and modifications can also be made, these improvements and modifications also should
It is considered as the protection domain of the application.