CN206289529U - A kind of multi-functional compound support - Google Patents

A kind of multi-functional compound support Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN206289529U
CN206289529U CN201621220319.6U CN201621220319U CN206289529U CN 206289529 U CN206289529 U CN 206289529U CN 201621220319 U CN201621220319 U CN 201621220319U CN 206289529 U CN206289529 U CN 206289529U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
damper
plate
wire rope
support body
steel
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201621220319.6U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张绍斐
万维东
官文武
史亮
凃西军
万信学
邹雨祺
尹大峰
李铁盔
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Wuhan East Nine Forever Ring Engineering Technology Co Ltd
Hubei Zhong Guang Highway Survey And Design Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Wuhan East Nine Forever Ring Engineering Technology Co Ltd
Hubei Zhong Guang Highway Survey And Design Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Wuhan East Nine Forever Ring Engineering Technology Co Ltd, Hubei Zhong Guang Highway Survey And Design Co Ltd filed Critical Wuhan East Nine Forever Ring Engineering Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201621220319.6U priority Critical patent/CN206289529U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN206289529U publication Critical patent/CN206289529U/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Landscapes

  • Buildings Adapted To Withstand Abnormal External Influences (AREA)
  • Bridges Or Land Bridges (AREA)

Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of multi-functional compound support, it includes upper bracket plate and lower support plate, and support body and steel-wire rope damper are provided between upper bracket plate and lower support plate;Support body can be slided with respect to upper bracket plate or lower support plate along single direction;One-way damper is additionally provided between upper bracket plate and lower support plate;One-way damper one end is connected with upper bracket plate, and the other end is connected with lower support plate;The damping force direction that one-way damper is produced is consistent with the glide direction of support body.This practicality has common bearing, damping shock proof bearing, the function of anti-fall girder apparatus concurrently, the Earthquake Inertia Force Acting from all directions in horizontal plane can be resisted, the specific requirement of vertically and horizontally mechanical characteristic difference bridge can be met, and with larger restoring force, it is easier to reset after shake, suitable for all kinds of bridges, house architectural structure, nuclear power station structure etc., with wide market prospects and good economic benefit.

Description

A kind of multi-functional compound support
Technical field
The utility model is related to a kind of aseismatic bearing, belongs to bridge, building construction, nuclear power station, mechanical engineering anti-seismic technology A kind of field, and in particular to multi-functional compound support.
Background technology
Earthquake is one of natural calamity for taking place frequently, for a long time, mankind's " helpless " in face of this natural calamity.Ground Shake causes the immediate cause of Loss of Life and property to be the strenuous vibration of building, destroy and collapse.Since twentieth century, people Class is constantly explored to the structure control technique of the antidetonation of building, energy dissipating, damping, successively invents and create following phase The product and technology answered.
Lead core rubber support:Detrusion absorption and dissipation seismic energy by lead for retractable pencil and rubber.
Hydraulic pressure viscous damper:Flowing by the viscous material of liquid or semisolid in cylinder body produces damping force to consume Dissipate, absorb seismic energy.
Friction-type damping supporting seat:Two sliding friction pairs are formed with position is coordinated using two spheres of upper and lower different radii, Ensure that bearing is normally rotated and sliding function, when earthquake horizontal force exceedes threshold value, overcome frictional force to produce between support friction pair Raw relative slip, due to the presence for having the sphere discrepancy in elevation, the kinetic energy that earthquake is produced is converted to potential energy, serves " damping " effect.Together When due to the presence of frictional resistance, serve " damping " effect, consume a part of seismic energy.
Although above-mentioned lead core rubber support and friction-type damping supporting seat can play a part of ring and subtract shock insulation, level is firm Spend it is low, during to soft foundation or excessively soft bridge pier, damping effect reduction, or even the seismic response that structure can be increased.And hydraulic pressure Viscous damper is a kind of bar type structure, and with directionality, the geological process effect to reducing axial direction is obvious, but earthquake is to bridge Seismic direction be in advance unforeseen, thus it is provided with certain blindness, it is common practice in bridge The suitable bridge of beam to and direction across bridge hydraulic damper is all installed, its mechanical motion is so limited to a certain extent, reduce damping Effect.
In addition, existing pulling force bearing is generally all by direct or indirect convex between upper bracket plate and lower support plate Recessed connection resistance pulling force, its connected mode is rigidity, and when pulling force is sufficiently large, the destruction of bearing does not have any omen, it is necessary to change When, can only whole bearing replacement, the relatively costly and cycle is long.
A kind of steel ball based on ring steel wire rope is disclosed in Chinese utility model patent specification CN205475715U Type aseismatic bearing, it includes upper bearing plate and lower support plate, ball-crown body, bearing is provided between the upper bearing plate and lower support plate Weight body and damper, the spherical of the ball-crown body are engaged with the spherical concave surface of bearing weight body, the ball-crown body with it is upper Contacted by slide plate slides between support plate and bearing weight body, the upper bearing plate bottom is provided with pelvic cavity configurations, institute Bearing weight body upper end side face laminating pelvic cavity configurations inwall is stated, under the bearing weight body bottom is fixed on by WELDING STUDS On support plate.The utility model can have the function of conventional ball type bridle iron, pulling force bearing and damper concurrently.For the bearing, Also another solution, that is, change the ring steel-wire rope damper sections of opposite side, the rod-type that instead present invention is mentioned Viscous damper, metal song take damper or extruding lead damper etc., for the bridge that the requirement of vertically and horizontally mechanical characteristic is differed, The multi-functional compound support provided with the present invention is more particularly suitable.
The content of the invention
In order to overcome the shortcomings of that existing temporary support mode is present, the utility model provides a kind of multi-functional composite support Seat, it can not only load-bearing, tension and " girder falling " and can also energy-dissipating and shock-absorbing.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the utility model employs the multi-functional compound support of such a, it includes branch Seat board and lower support plate, are provided with support body and steel-wire rope damper between the upper bracket plate and lower support plate;The bearing Body can be slided with respect to upper bracket plate or lower support plate along single direction;Also set between the upper bracket plate and the lower support plate It is equipped with one-way damper;Described one-way damper one end is connected with the upper bracket plate, and the other end is connected with the lower support plate; The damping force direction that the one-way damper is produced is consistent with the glide direction of the support body.
In a kind of preferred embodiment of the present utility model, the unidirectional damping device at least includes one group of unidirectional damping Device;Every group of one-way damper includes two one-way dampers being arranged symmetrically;Described two one-way dampers are along the bearing sheet The glide direction of body is symmetrically arranged in the both sides of the support body.
In a kind of preferred embodiment of the present utility model, the one-way damper is that rod-type damper or metal are bent Take damper or extruding lead damper.
In a kind of preferred embodiment of the present utility model, the one-way damper is rod-type damper;The rod-type Damper includes cylinder body and piston rod, and the cylinder body two ends are provided with end cap, and the piston rod two ends are stretched out from end cap, the piston Bar is fixedly arranged in the middle of piston body, and piston body is divided into first chamber and second chamber in being located at cylinder body, and piston body is provided with many Individual connection first chamber and the damping hole of second chamber, are filled with damping material in the first chamber and second chamber of cylinder body, When the piston body is moved in cylinder body, damping material can mutually be flowed by damping hole in first chamber and second chamber It is dynamic;The damping material is viscous liquid or metal ball.
In a kind of preferred embodiment of the present utility model, the steel-wire rope damper at least includes one group of strip steel wire Rope damper;Every group of strip steel-wire rope damper includes two strip steel-wire rope dampers being arranged symmetrically;Described two strips Steel-wire rope damper is along the both sides that the support body is symmetrically arranged in perpendicular to the direction of the support body glide direction.
In a kind of preferred embodiment of the present utility model, the steel-wire rope damper is annular steel wire rope damper; The annular steel wire rope damper is annularly arranged in the periphery of the support body.
In a kind of preferred embodiment of the present utility model, the steel-wire rope damper includes steel wire rope and fixes respectively Two sets of rope clamps in the upper bracket plate, in the lower support plate, the steel wire rope is fixed between two sets of rope clamps;Institute Rope clamp is stated to be overall list structure or the list structure that is spliced into by multi-segmental or overall cyclic structure or spelled by multi-segmental The cyclic structure being connected into.
In a kind of preferred embodiment of the present utility model, set in the upper bracket plate or/and the lower support plate Have for the spacing support body and the limited block that can unidirectionally slide;The limited block surrounds a pelvic cavity construction; The support body is constructed with the pelvic cavity and is slidably connected.
In a kind of preferred embodiment of the present utility model, the inwall of the pelvic cavity construction includes parallel and is symmetrical arranged Two planes and symmetrically arranged two arc surfaces, described two planes fit the side face of support bodies, described two circular arcs Glade plane space is set between face and the side face of support body.
In a kind of preferred embodiment of the present utility model, stainless steel is provided with the planar inner wall of the pelvic cavity construction Plate;The draw runner coordinated with the stainless steel plate is provided with the support body.
In a kind of preferred embodiment of the present utility model, the upper end of the support body or/and lower end side face include Parallel and symmetrically arranged two planes and symmetrically arranged two arc surfaces, two planes of support body are fitted pelvic cavity respectively Two planes of inwall are constructed, is set between two arc surfaces of two arc surfaces and pelvic cavity the construction inwall of support body and slided Gap.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:This utility structure is simple, easy to use, and it has common bearing, damping concurrently and resists Shake bearing, the function of anti-fall girder apparatus, can resist the Earthquake Inertia Force Acting from all directions in horizontal plane, play energy-dissipating and shock-absorbing Effect, and be easier to reset with larger restoring force, after shake, it is adaptable to all kinds of bridges, house architectural structure, nuclear power station structure Deng with wide market prospects and good economic benefit.
The utility model can be used as common bearing, " girder falling " device and damping shock proof bearing simultaneously:
Contact surface between ball-crown body and supporting mass is sphere, and by tetrafluoro slide plate or the small material of other coefficient of friction Contact, ball-crown body can be rotated in the concave surface of supporting mass, be set between the pelvic cavity construction of supporting mass and upper bracket plate between sliding Gap, when bearing rotates, relative linear displacement is produced between ball-crown body and top beam body, and the motion is had by steel-wire rope damper Limit is constrained, so the bearing has the load-bearing that conventional ball type bridle iron needs to have and the function that can be rotated, can work as common Ball shaped steel bearing is used.
Because steel-wire rope damper is fixed between upper and lower support plate, the effect of power such as can bear to draw, press, cut, while Produce corresponding deformation.Under load action, when bearing produces pulling force, the motion that separation is just had between upper and lower support plate becomes Gesture, but the movement tendency constrained by steel wire rope, and pulling force is born by steel wire rope, and steel wire rope generates vertical deflection.So should Bearing can be used as pulling force bearing.The bearing is overcome existing pulling force bearing and is rigidly connected by convex-concave between upper and lower support plate The defect for connecing, pulling force is born by flexible steel wire rope, under a stretching force, can produce obvious vertical deflection, makes portion Divide pulling force to be released, while obvious omen can be produced before destruction, repair or change all extremely convenients, cost is relatively low.
Pier top or platform top are fixed on because upper bracket plate is fixed on beam bottom, lower support plate, under Earthquake Inertia Force Acting effect, when Horizontal shear reach WELDING STUDS cutting threshold value when, WELDING STUDS is cut, no matter this power from where, will between pier, beam Generation can produce relative motion between relative motion, namely lower support plate and upper bracket plate, supporting mass is slided in lower support plate, At this moment being arranged at the one-way damper between upper bracket plate and lower support plate can produce enough damping forces for dissipating, absorbing Seismic energy.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 be a kind of multi-functional compound support of the utility model embodiment along along bridge to generalized section;
Fig. 2 is a kind of generalized section along cross-bridges direction of multi-functional compound support of the utility model embodiment;
Fig. 3 is a kind of upper bracket plate sectional view of multi-functional compound support of the utility model embodiment;
Fig. 4 is a kind of lower support plate profile of multi-functional compound support of the utility model embodiment;
Fig. 5 be a kind of multi-functional compound support of the utility model embodiment along along bridge to spherical bearing structural representation Figure;
Fig. 6 is a kind of spherical bearing structural representation along direction across bridge of multi-functional compound support of the utility model embodiment Figure;
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of upper bracket plate limited block in a kind of multi-functional compound support of the utility model embodiment;
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of lower support plate limited block in a kind of multi-functional compound support of the utility model embodiment;
Fig. 9 is the structural representation of steel-wire rope damper in a kind of multi-functional compound support of the utility model embodiment;
Figure 10 is the structural representation of rod-type damper in a kind of multi-functional compound support of the utility model embodiment;
Figure 11 is that the damping hole of rod-type damper in a kind of multi-functional compound support of the utility model embodiment amplifies signal Figure;
In figure:1- upper bracket plates;2- lower support plates;3- support bodies;4- steel-wire rope dampers;5- unidirectional damping devices; 6- dust covers;7- limited blocks;3.1- ball-crown bodies;3.2- supporting masses;4.1- steel wire ropes;4.2- rope clamps;5.1- cylinder bodies;5.2- pistons Bar;5.3- end caps;5.4- piston bodies;5.5- first chambers;5.6- second chambers;5.7- damping holes;5.9- connecting cylinders;5.10- Piston pole cap;5.11- connectors;5.12- connecting seats;5.7.1- positive damping hole;5.7.2- anti-damping hole.
Specific embodiment
In order that the purpose of this utility model, technical scheme and advantage become more apparent, below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and implementation Example, is further elaborated to the utility model.It should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein is only used to explain this Utility model, is not used to limit the utility model.
From a kind of embodiment schematic diagram of description of the invention accompanying drawing 1-4, the utility model upper bracket plate 1 and lower branch Seat board 2, is provided with support body 3 and steel-wire rope damper 4 between upper bracket plate 1 and lower support plate 2;Support body 3 can be relative to Upper bracket plate 1 or lower support plate 2 are slided along single direction;Unidirectional damping dress is additionally provided between upper bracket plate 1 and lower support plate 2 Put 5;The one end of unidirectional damping device 5 is connected with upper bracket plate 1, and the other end is connected with lower support plate 2;Unidirectional damping device 5 is produced Damping force direction it is consistent with the glide direction of support body 3;Unidirectional damping device 5 at least includes one group of one-way damper;Often Group one-way damper includes two one-way dampers being arranged symmetrically;Two one-way dampers along support body 3 glide direction The both sides of support body 3 are symmetrically arranged in, one-way damper is rod-type damper or metallic damper or extruding lead Damper;Unidirectional damping device 5 can arrange that steel-wire rope damper 4 is list structure along along the bridge arrangement or cross-bridges direction And arranged along cross-bridges direction;Support body 3 is the spherical bearing with unidirectional sliding function;Spherical bearing includes ball-crown body 3.1 With supporting mass 3.2;The upper surface of ball-crown body 3.1 is slidably matched with the lower surface of upper bracket plate 1;Supporting mass 3.2 passes through WELDING STUDS It is connected with lower support plate 2;The spherical of ball-crown body 3.1 is slidingly fitted with the spherical concave surface of supporting mass 3.2;Upper bracket plate 1 The upper surface of lower surface and lower support plate 2 is provided with the limit for being respectively used to be oriented to ball-crown body 3.1 and the glide direction of supporting mass 3.2 Position block 7, the limited block 7 on upper and lower support plate defines a pelvic cavity construction, and supporting mass 3.2 can only be in pelvic cavity construction Slide.Spherical bearing of the present utility model constructs three sliding surfaces.First sliding surface is in upper bracket plate 1 and ball-crown body Between 3.1, base plate is laid with stainless steel plate on the inside of the steel basin of upper bracket plate 1, and the surface of ball-crown body 3.1 embeds polyfluortetraethylene plate, Stainless steel plate and polyfluortetraethylene plate constitute sliding surface, and the sliding surface is plane.In addition, the surface of ball-crown body 3.1 be additionally provided with it is dust-proof Circle, to safeguard that the sliding surface is cleaned.Second sliding surface between ball-crown body 3.1 and supporting mass 3.2, the convex ball of ball-crown body 3.1 Bread covers mirror face stainless steel plate, and the concave spherical surface of supporting mass 3.2 embeds polyfluortetraethylene plate, and the sliding surface is curved surface.When ball-type branch Seat rotates, and is converted into ball-crown body 3.1 and is slided on the curved surface, while being produced between ball-crown body 3.1 and upper bracket plate 1 relative Displacement of the lines, the displacement of the lines is realized by first sliding surface.3rd sliding surface be then supporting mass 3.2 and lower support plate 2 it Between, polyfluortetraethylene plate is embedded in the lower end of supporting mass 3.2, the sliding surface is plane.When there is earthquake, WELDING STUDS is cut, is then propped up Holding body 3.2 can slide in the pelvic cavity of lower support plate 2 construction.It should be noted that constructing the polytetrafluoroethyl-ne in this bearing sliding face Alkene plate can, material of good endurance small with other high intensity, coefficient of friction replace, such as modified ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene Plate.
Support body structural representation shown in Fig. 5 and Fig. 6, the inwall that the pelvic cavity surrounded by limited block 7 is constructed Including parallel and symmetrically arranged two planes and symmetrically arranged two arc surfaces, two plane laminating supporting mass 3.2 upper ends Or/and lower end side face, glade plane space is set between two arc surfaces and the upper end of supporting mass 3.2 or/and lower end side face.Supporting mass The position of two planes that pelvic cavity of being fitted on 3.2 upper ends or/and lower end side face constructs inwall is provided with draw runner.This kind of connected mode It is that one-way slide type bearing, i.e. supporting mass can only be slided in the limited block of upper bracket plate along single direction, other direction passes through The plane of setting is fitted with supporting mass and is limited.One-way type slide when, its schematic diagram as shown in Figure 8 and Figure 9, on supporting mass 3.2 End or/and lower end side face include parallel and symmetrically arranged two planes and symmetrically arranged two arc surfaces, the two of supporting mass The fit respectively pelvic cavity of limited block composition of individual plane constructs two planes of inwall, two arc surfaces of supporting mass and limited block structure Into pelvic cavity construction inwall two arc surfaces between set glade plane space 9.
Support body 3 in the utility model mainly plays pressure-bearing, and it is specific that its structure type is not limited to a certain class Bearing, it can be other types of spherical bearing, such as the multidirectional sliding support of ball-type hold-down support, ball-type, it might even be possible to Rubber support, steel pot bearing etc., can only meet bridge structure requirement load-bearing and deformation requirements just.
In the utility model, in order to effectively realize " girder falling ", it is fixed between upper bracket plate 1 and lower support plate 2 Steel-wire rope damper 4, it such as can bear to draw, press, cut at effect of power, while producing corresponding deformation.Under load action, when Bearing produces pulling force, and the movement tendency of separation is just had between upper and lower steel plate, but the movement tendency is constrained by steel wire rope, Pulling force is born by steel wire rope, and the pulling force increases with the increase of deformation, i.e., with " rigidity hardening " feature, this feature can be effective " girder falling ".As shown in Figure 10, steel-wire rope damper 4 includes steel wire rope 4.1 and fixes respectively the structure of the steel-wire rope damper 4 In upper bracket plate 1, two sets of rope clamps 4.2 of lower support plate 2, steel wire rope 4.1 is fixed between two sets of rope clamps 4.2, steel wire rope 4.1 by Many strand wire coilings are formed;Rope clamp 4.2 is overall list structure or the list structure or whole being spliced into by multi-segmental Body cyclic structure or the cyclic structure being spliced into by multi-segmental.Above-mentioned rope clamp 4.2 is made up of two pieces of doughnut-shaped steel plates, two blocks of annular steel Plate is bolted, and being circumferentially respectively equipped with two relative faces of two pieces of doughnut-shaped steel plates can accommodate the half of steel wire penetrating Circular hole, the semicircle orifice of correspondence position fastens the rope clamp hole to form fixed steel wire rope on two pieces of doughnut-shaped steel plates.Rope clamp is overall ring-type Structure or the cyclic structure being spliced into by multi-segmental, the cyclic structure can be the cyclic structure of circular or ellipse, or its The cyclic structure of its shape.It is spliced between the cyclic structure or sections and sections that the rope clamp of cyclic structure is closing by multi-segmental Leave space, make open structure, if that is, ring-type rope clamp is made up of three sections, and this three sections discontinuous, then sections with Space is left between sections, is the cyclic structure of interruption, corresponding steel wire rope is also the cyclic structure of interruption.Two sets of rope clamp difference It is summit rope clamp and bottom point rope clamp, summit rope clamp is bolted in upper bracket plate, and bottom point rope clamp is bolted on In lower support plate.
Main innovation point of the present utility model is, in the vertically and horizontally mechanical characteristic different bridge of requirement, can be with In the different damper of support body periphery configuration, to meet the specific requirement of different structure, for example the present invention is along the bridge Rod-type damper is provided with, as shown in figure 11, rod-type damper includes cylinder body 5.1 and piston rod 5.2,5.1 liang of cylinder body to its structure End is provided with end cap 5.3, and the two ends of piston rod 5.2 are stretched out from end cap, and piston rod 5.2 is fixedly arranged in the middle of piston body 5.4, piston body 5.4 First chamber 5.5 and second chamber 5.6 are divided into cylinder body 5.1, piston body 5.4 is provided with multiple connection first chambers 5.5 with the damping hole 5.7 of second chamber 5.6, damping material is filled with the first chamber 5.5 and second chamber 5.6 of cylinder body, In cylinder body 5.1 during motion, damping material can be by damping hole 5.7 in first chamber 5.5 and second chamber for piston body 5.4 Mutually flowed in 5.6;Damping material is viscous liquid or metal ball;In such scheme, multiple damping holes 5.7 are along piston body 5.4 even circumferential arranged for interval;Damping hole 5.7 includes positive damping hole 5.7.1 and anti-damping hole 5.7.2, positive damping hole 5.7.1 The bellmouth that one end diameter is big, other end diameter is small, the big one end of positive damping hole 5.7.1 diameters are with anti-damping hole 5.7.2 One end small with anti-damping hole 5.7.2 diameters is corresponding to be arranged;The rod-type damper also connecting cylinder 5.9 including one end open, even The one end for connecing the opening of cylinder 5.9 is fixedly connected with the one end of cylinder body 5.1, and one end that piston rod 5.2 is stretched out outside the end cap of cylinder body 5.1 extend into Inside connecting cylinder 5.9, the other end of connecting cylinder 5.9 outside is provided with connector 5.11.Piston rod 5.2 is extend into inside connecting cylinder 5.9 One end be provided with piston pole cap 5.10, the side wall of piston pole cap 5.10 is fitted and connected the inwall of cylinder 5.9, and the other end of piston rod 5.2 is provided with Connector 5.11.By setting the offer space that connecting cylinder 5.9 is piston rod, connector 5.11 passes through 5.12 points of connecting seat It is not fixedly connected with structure or component, piston body 5.2 during motion, is provided with one end of the piston rod of piston pole cap in cylinder body 5.1 Moved in connecting cylinder.By using the rod-type damper, damping material in the two chambers of cylinder body mutually in flow process, Also generation friction between damping material between phase mutual friction, damping material and damping hole wall, between damping material and cylinder wall, from And damping force, consumed energy are provided, simple structure the characteristics of solid particle has high- and low-temperature resistance environment, and does not need additional energy Source, particularly in the absence of " oil leak " problem and problem of aging, long service life is installed and easy to maintenance.And the bar in the present invention Formula damper refers to a major class one-way damper, it is also possible to which other class dampers are alternative, and such as metal song takes damper, extrudes lead Damper etc., as long as can be installed between upper and lower support plate, plays damping action just.
Core of the present utility model be between upper bracket plate 1 and the lower support plate 2 design and installation for girder falling Steel-wire rope damper 4 and along bridge to the damping unit 5 with particular/special requirement, steel-wire rope damper 4 can realize in level and Vertical direction produces pulling force so as to realize girder falling function;The all directions that it can be in the horizontal plane simultaneously are provided geological process Larger damping force, by the detrusion absorption of steel wire rope 8, the effect of dissipation seismic energy, and unidirectional damping device 5 can So that with speed locking device, power locking device or displacement locking device etc., the specific requirement of different bridges can be met.1 makees For common bearing is used
As illustrated, the support body in this bearing is made up of upper lower support plate, ball-crown body and supporting mass, basic function is Can load-bearing, while detrusion between adapting to lower support plate and the requirement for slightly relatively rotating.
2 use as " girder falling " device
Steel-wire rope damper in this bearing is fixed between upper and lower steel plate, the effect of power such as can bear to draw, press, cut, Corresponding deformation is produced simultaneously.Under load action, when bearing produces pulling force, the motion of separation is just had between upper and lower steel plate Trend, but the movement tendency constrained by steel wire rope, and pulling force is born by steel wire rope, and the pulling force increases with the increase of deformation, There is " rigidity hardening " feature, this feature can effectively " girder falling ".
3 use as damping shock proof bearing
Steel-wire rope damper and rod-type damper in this bearing can provide damping force.Because upper bracket plate is fixed on beam Bottom, lower support plate are fixed on pier top or platform top, under Earthquake Inertia Force Acting effect, relative motion will be produced between pier, beam, if There is WELDING STUDS to constrain, then WELDING STUDS is cut, namely relative motion, steel wire can be produced between lower support steel plate and upper supporting steel plate Rope damper produces detrusion, and steel wire rope loop produces configuration to change, and mutually dry friction is produced between the steel wire of winding, so as to consume Dissipate, absorb seismic energy.Rod-type damper can only provide damping force in bar direction of principal axis.Packing material can be in this figure middle cylinder body Viscous liquid or metal ball.When upper and lower support plate produces relative motion, piston is moved in cylinder body, and packing material is by resistance Buddhist nun hole from a cylinder barrel to another cylinder barrel, so as to produce damping force.It must be noted that the rod-type damper in the present invention refers to One major class damper, it is also possible to which other class dampers are alternative, such as metal song takes damper, extruding lead damper etc., as long as energy Installed between upper and lower support plate, play damping action just.
Installation method of the present utility model is as follows:Be prefabricated in the factory multi-functional compound support:First prefabricated steel-wire rope damper Sections, by the steel wire rope of certain specification around circlewise, is clamped, and fixed with rope clamp bolt with upper and lower rope clamp;Processing undersetting steel Plate, steel-wire rope damper sections connecting bolt is fixed on undersetting steel plate;Supporting mass is arranged on undersetting steel plate, Fixed with WELDING STUDS;Rod-type damper is installed, the base that installation is connected with undersetting steel plate, rod-type damper one end passes through pin It is connected with base;Ball-crown body and its component are installed;Upper bracket steel plate is installed, before the mounting, the upper of rod-type damper is first installed Connect base, with connecting bolt by steel-wire rope damper and upper bracket Interal fixation;The pin of other end rod-type damper is installed; Dust cover is installed.Transport whole multi-functional compound support to scene, upper bracket plate is fixed on beam bottom with bolt, lower support plate is solid It is scheduled on pier top.
It should be appreciated that the above, specific embodiment only of the invention, but protection scope of the present invention is not Be confined to this, any those of ordinary skill in the art disclosed herein technical scope in, the change that can be readily occurred in Or replace, should all be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of multi-functional compound support, including upper bracket plate (1) and lower support plate (2), the upper bracket plate (1) with it is described under Support body (3) and steel-wire rope damper (4) are provided between support plate (2);It is characterized in that:The support body (3) can phase Slided along single direction for the upper bracket plate (1) or the lower support plate (2);The upper bracket plate (1) and the lower branch Unidirectional damping device (5) is additionally provided between seat board (2);Described unidirectional damping device (5) one end is with the upper bracket plate (1) even Connect, the other end is connected with the lower support plate (2);Damping force direction and the bearing that the unidirectional damping device (5) produces The glide direction of body (3) is consistent.
2. a kind of multi-functional compound support according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The unidirectional damping device (5) is extremely Include one group of one-way damper less;Every group of one-way damper includes two one-way dampers being arranged symmetrically;It is described two unidirectional Damper is symmetrically arranged in the both sides of the support body (3) along the glide direction of the support body (3).
3. a kind of multi-functional compound support according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The one-way damper hinders for rod-type Buddhist nun's device or metallic damper or extruding lead damper.
4. a kind of multi-functional compound support according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The steel-wire rope damper (4) is extremely Include one group of strip steel-wire rope damper less;Every group of strip steel-wire rope damper includes two strip steel wire rope resistances being arranged symmetrically Buddhist nun's device;Described two strip steel-wire rope dampers edges are symmetrically arranged in perpendicular to the direction of the support body (3) glide direction The both sides of the support body (3).
5. a kind of multi-functional compound support according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The steel-wire rope damper (4) is Annular steel wire rope damper;The annular steel wire rope damper is annularly arranged in the periphery of the support body (3).
6. a kind of multi-functional compound support according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Steel-wire rope damper (4) bag Enclosing wire rope (4.1) and be separately fixed in the upper bracket plate (1), two sets of rope clamps (4.2) in the lower support plate (2), The steel wire rope (4.1) is fixed between two sets of rope clamps (4.2);The rope clamp (4.2) for overall list structure or by List structure that multi-segmental is spliced into or overall cyclic structure or the cyclic structure being spliced into by multi-segmental.
7. a kind of multi-functional compound support according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The upper bracket plate (1) or/and institute State and be provided with lower support plate (2) for the spacing support body (3) and the limited block (7) that can unidirectionally slide;Institute State limited block (7) and surround a pelvic cavity construction;The support body (3) constructs with the pelvic cavity and is slidably connected.
8. a kind of multi-functional compound support according to claim 7, it is characterised in that:The inwall of the pelvic cavity construction includes Parallel and symmetrically arranged two planes (7.1) and symmetrically arranged two arc surfaces (7.2), described two plane (7.1) patches The side face of support body (3) is closed, glade plane space is set between described two arc surfaces (7.2) and the side face of support body (3).
9. a kind of multi-functional compound support according to claim 8, it is characterised in that:The plane of the pelvic cavity construction (7.1) limited location steel plate is set on inwall;The draw runner coordinated with the spacing steel plate is provided with the support body (3).
10. a kind of multi-functional compound support according to claim 8, it is characterised in that:The upper end of the support body (3) Or/and lower end side face includes parallel and symmetrically arranged two planes and symmetrically arranged two arc surfaces, support body (3) Two planes pelvic cavity of fitting respectively constructs two planes (7.1) of inwall, and two arc surfaces and the pelvic cavity of support body (3) are constructed Glade plane space is set between two arc surfaces (7.2) of inwall.
CN201621220319.6U 2016-11-14 2016-11-14 A kind of multi-functional compound support Active CN206289529U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621220319.6U CN206289529U (en) 2016-11-14 2016-11-14 A kind of multi-functional compound support

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621220319.6U CN206289529U (en) 2016-11-14 2016-11-14 A kind of multi-functional compound support

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN206289529U true CN206289529U (en) 2017-06-30

Family

ID=59099316

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201621220319.6U Active CN206289529U (en) 2016-11-14 2016-11-14 A kind of multi-functional compound support

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN206289529U (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107513938A (en) * 2017-09-27 2017-12-26 中铁第四勘察设计院集团有限公司 A kind of hold-down support with bidirectional damping and girder falling function
CN113215970A (en) * 2021-04-08 2021-08-06 中铁第四勘察设计院集团有限公司 Limiting support and beam bridge
CN113832841A (en) * 2021-09-18 2021-12-24 中铁第四勘察设计院集团有限公司 Longitudinal elastic constraint multifunctional seismic reduction and isolation support
CN114481814A (en) * 2022-01-13 2022-05-13 洛阳双瑞特种装备有限公司 Restorer for supporting pier swing

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107513938A (en) * 2017-09-27 2017-12-26 中铁第四勘察设计院集团有限公司 A kind of hold-down support with bidirectional damping and girder falling function
CN113215970A (en) * 2021-04-08 2021-08-06 中铁第四勘察设计院集团有限公司 Limiting support and beam bridge
CN113832841A (en) * 2021-09-18 2021-12-24 中铁第四勘察设计院集团有限公司 Longitudinal elastic constraint multifunctional seismic reduction and isolation support
CN114481814A (en) * 2022-01-13 2022-05-13 洛阳双瑞特种装备有限公司 Restorer for supporting pier swing
CN114481814B (en) * 2022-01-13 2024-04-19 中船双瑞(洛阳)特种装备股份有限公司 Reset device for supporting pier to swing

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN103603269B (en) Annular steel wire rope steel-ball composite damping support
CN206289529U (en) A kind of multi-functional compound support
CN106436919A (en) Annular steel wire rope-curved surface steel basin composite damping support base
CN203878462U (en) Building shock insulation bearer
CN106988429B (en) A kind of multiple multidimensional earthquake damping and isolating mechanism
CN104562920A (en) Disc spring and dynamic damper combined damping and energy dissipation device for transverse direction of bridge
CN105064531A (en) Self-reset magnetic fluid damper
CN206319244U (en) A kind of annular steel wire rope steel-ball composite damping support
CN103726442B (en) Annular steel wire rope lamination rubber compound seismic reduction and isolation bearer
CN203320402U (en) Inhaul cable type friction pendulum shock reduction and insulation support
CN104389353A (en) Integral ball vertical vibration isolation tube
CN210423974U (en) Pipeline strutting arrangement for hydraulic engineering
CN206319245U (en) Sliding-type annular steel wire rope steel-ball composite damping support
CN102912723A (en) Annular viscoelastic damping device with limiting function
CN206591424U (en) Ring steel wire rope steel basin composite damping bearing
CN113356668A (en) Novel replaceable shear wall damping support
CN210049424U (en) Self-recovery energy dissipation and shock absorption device for building engineering
CN108951911B (en) Self-recovery energy consumption and shock absorption device for building engineering
CN206467784U (en) Ring steel wire rope curved surface steel basin composite damping bearing
CN107780694A (en) A kind of frcition damper suitable for spatial mesh structure
CN203668819U (en) Annular steel wire rope steel spherical composite damping support
CN203639811U (en) Annular steel wire rope laminated rubber composite seismic mitigation and absorption support
CN116201254A (en) Self-limiting reset three-dimensional shock insulation tensile support
CN103726574B (en) Be periphery many metal bars steel ball type composite damping bearing
CN212388335U (en) Self-anchoring and self-charging type adjustable hydraulic fluid damper

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant