CN206261601U - Thighbone line of force measuring apparatu - Google Patents

Thighbone line of force measuring apparatu Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206261601U
CN206261601U CN201620968877.4U CN201620968877U CN206261601U CN 206261601 U CN206261601 U CN 206261601U CN 201620968877 U CN201620968877 U CN 201620968877U CN 206261601 U CN206261601 U CN 206261601U
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China
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probe
force measuring
provided
scale
measuring instrument
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CN201620968877.4U
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Chinese (zh)
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何志勇
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何志勇
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a thighbone line of force measuring apparatu, including the horizontal stock rod that sets up, it is scaled to visit footage number, and stock rod one end vertical fixing has according to the pole, and the stock rod slides and is provided with the probe. Consulting the pole and including loop bar and basic point nail, the loop bar is fixed in the stock rod, and the loop bar lower extreme is equipped with the locating cone, and basic point nail upper end is equipped with the locating hole, and the locating cone periphery wall is placed in to the location borehole jack, the probe includes lead ring and needle body. The stock rod is arranged in to the lead ring cover, and the perpendicular telescopic connection of needle body vertically is equipped with the scale in lead ring, needle body periphery wall. During the use, will refer to earlier pole nail perpendicular completely and go into acetabular bone top pelvis, then it is far and near to adjust the probe to measure before the art with the art in low limbs longitudinal movement's length, the last scale of needle body can show before the art with the art in the distance at the skew hip joint center in the big tuberosity of the thighbone outside. The utility model has the advantages that can the simultaneous measurement before the art with the art in the distance that shifts of thighbone near -end and the size of thighbone near -end off -centre distance.

Description

股骨力线测量仪 Femoral force measuring instrument

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本实用新型涉及医疗器械领域,特别是股骨力线测量仪。 [0001] The present invention relates to the field of medical devices, in particular the femur force measuring instrument.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 人工髋关节置换术中由于髋关节的结构的复杂和不规则,以及术中可能导致骨盆倾斜移动,使得医生无法直观和准确的确定术中股骨近端移动的长度和偏心距的长度,目前的一些测量的方法,比如大粗隆顶点平股骨头运动中心法,触摸髌骨前表面法,触摸足底法,都无法精确测量双下肢长度,一些测量器械也不能兼顾下肢长度和股骨的髋关节偏心距,同时在使用时由于未考虑骨盆倾斜移动的问题也常常出现较大偏差,无法精确到毫米, 无法满足临床医生和患者需求。 [0002] Artificial hip joint replacement due to the complex and irregular structure of the hip and pelvic surgery which may lead to tilting movement, so that the doctor can not directly and accurately determine a mobile intraoperative proximal femoral length and eccentricity of length current measurement methods, such as large flat femoral trochanter vertex center of motion method, touch the front surface of the patella method, foot touch method can not accurately measure the leg length, some of the measuring instrument and can not take into account the length of the femur of the lower limb hip offset, while in use since the movement is not considered pelvic tilt problems are often larger deviation, not the nearest millimeter, can not meet the needs of clinicians and patients.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 本实用新型所要解决的技术问题是针对上述现有技术的现状,而提供结构布局合理、各机构配合精度高、运行平稳且能满足的嵌件镶块横向脱离产品的股骨力线测量仪。 [0003] The present invention is to solve the technical problem of the prior art current situation, to provide a reasonable structure, bodies with high precision, and can meet the smooth operation of the insert from the insert lateral femoral product lines of force measurement instrument.

[0004] 本实用新型解决上述技术问题所采用的技术方案为:股骨力线测量仪,包括横向设置的探尺,探尺标有刻度,探尺一端纵向固定有参照杆,探尺滑动设置有探针。 [0004] aspect of the present invention to solve the above technical problem is: a femoral force measuring instrument, comprising a probe foot laterally disposed, stock rod is graduated, Rod end longitudinally fixed reference bar stock rod slidably provided probe.

[0005] 为优化上述技术方案,采取的措施还包括: [0005] In order to optimize the above technical solutions, measures also include:

[0006] 上述的参照杆包括套杆和基点钉,套杆固定于探尺,套杆下端设有定位锥,基点钉上端设有定位孔,定位孔套置于定位锥外周壁;探针包括导环和针本体。 [0006] The reference point rod comprises a sleeve and the nail rod, the rod is fixed to the sleeve Rod, the lower end of a positioning rod cone sleeve, an upper end provided with a positioning point nail holes, the positioning holes disposed on the outer peripheral wall of the sleeve positioning cone; probe comprising the needle body and a guide ring. 导环套置于探尺, 针本体垂直伸缩连接于导环,针本体外周壁纵向设有刻度。 Rod guide ring disposed sleeve, the needle body is connected to the telescopic vertical guide ring, this outer peripheral wall of the needle is provided with a longitudinal scale.

[0007] 上述的针本体包括设于上端的针帽,针本体套有弹簧,弹簧设于导环与针帽之间。 [0007] The needle body includes a cap provided at the upper end of the needle, the needle body housing a spring, a spring is provided between the guide ring and the needle cap.

[0008] 上述的针帽固定连接于弹簧上端,弹簧下端固定连接于导环;所述的基点钉包括突出于外周的受力凸起。 [0008] The needle cap is fixedly connected to the upper end of a spring fixedly connected to the lower end of the guide ring; said staple comprising a base point on the outer periphery of the projecting force projections.

[0009] 上述的套杆固定有重锤,受力凸起上端面设有垂心刻度,重锤位于垂心刻度正上方。 [0009] The shaft sleeve is fixed to the weight, force the projections provided on the end surface orthocenter scale, positioned directly above the weight scale orthocenter.

[0010] 上述的重锤原点固定有刻度盘,刻度盘平行于探尺。 [0010] The weight of the origin is fixed dial, dial parallel to Rod.

[0011] 上述的探尺刻度与探针刻度分别设于同一侧。 [0011] The probe of the vernier scale and the probe are disposed on the same side of the scale.

[0012] 上述的探针的针尖高于基点钉的针尖。 [0012] than the probe tip above the tip of the nail point.

[0013] 上述的基点钉上端面设有防滑纹,套杆与基点钉的配合面也设有防滑纹。 [0013] The point of the nail is provided with antiskid end surface, a mating face set point lever and the nail is also provided with non-slip pattern.

[0014] 上述的套杆平行于探针。 [0014] The pocket bar parallel to the probe.

[0015] 与现有技术相比,本实用新型的股骨力线测量仪,包括横向设置的探尺,探尺标有刻度,探尺一端纵向固定有参照杆,探尺滑动设置有探针。 [0015] Compared with the prior art, the present invention femoral force measuring instrument, comprising a stock rod disposed laterally, a graduated ruler probe, the probe having a reference foot end of the longitudinal rod is fixed, it is provided with a sliding foot probe probe. 参照杆包括套杆和基点钉,套杆固定于探尺,套杆下端设有定位锥,基点钉上端设有定位孔,定位孔套置于定位锥外周壁; 探针包括导环和针本体。 Referring rod comprises a sleeve and a rod staple point, fixed to the rod Rod sleeve, the lower end of a positioning rod cone sleeve, an upper end provided with a positioning point nail holes, the positioning holes disposed on the outer peripheral wall of the sleeve positioning cone; probe comprising a needle body and a guide ring . 导环套置于探尺,针本体垂直伸缩连接于导环,针本体外周壁纵向设有刻度。 Rod guide ring disposed sleeve, the needle body is connected to the telescopic vertical guide ring, this outer peripheral wall of the needle is provided with a longitudinal scale. 使用时,先将参照杆完全垂直钉入髋曰上方骨盆,然后调节探针远近,从而测量出术前和术中下肢纵向移动的长度,针本体上的刻度能显示术前和术中股骨大粗隆外侧偏1¾髋关~p中心的距离。 In use, the first vertical reference rod completely driven into said hip above the pelvis, and then adjust the distance the probe to measure the pre-operative and intra lower limbs to move longitudinally the length of the needle body on the scale to show the preoperative and intraoperative femoral greater partial outer tuberosity ~ p from 1¾ hip center. 本实用新型的优点是能同时测量术前和术中股骨近端移位的距离和股骨近端偏心距的大小。 The advantage of the present invention can simultaneously measure the eccentricity magnitude from the proximal femur and the proximal end of the preoperative and intraoperative femur displaceable.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0016]图1是本实用新型的结构示意图; [0016] FIG. 1 is a structural diagram of the present invention novel;

[0017]图2是图1的探针结构示意图; [0017] FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the probe of Figure 1;

[0018]图3是图1中参照杆和探尺配合结构示意图; [0018] FIG. 3 is a lever with reference to FIG. 1 and Rod with structural diagram;

[0019]图4是图3分解示意图; [0019] FIG. 4 is an exploded view of FIG 3;

[0020]图5是图4中基点钉俯视图。 [0020] FIG. 5 is a top view of the staple of FIG. 4 bp FIG.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0021]以下结合附图对本实用新型的实施例作进一步详细描述。 [0021] The following drawings in conjunction with embodiments of the present invention will be described in further detail.

[0022]图1至图5为本实用新型的结构示意图。 [0022] Figures 1 to 5 a schematic view of the new structure the present invention.

[0023]其中的附图标记为:1参照杆、n基点钉、na受力凸起、11 b定位孔、11C垂心刻度、 12套杆、12a定位锥、2探尺、3探针、31针本体、31a针帽、32导环、33弹賛、41重锤、42刻度盘。 [0023] wherein reference numerals: 1 Referring rods, nails n-point, na force projection, 11 b positioning holes, 11C orthocenter scale, sets bar 12, 12a is positioned cone, stock rod 2, the probe 3, 31 needle body, 31a needle cap, guide ring 32, 33 Like shells, the weight 41, the dial 42. 图1至图5为本实用新型的结构示意图,如图所示,本实用新型的股骨力线测量仪,包括横向设置的探尺2,探尺2标有刻度,探尺2—端纵向固定有参照杆1,探尺2滑动设置有探针3。 Figures 1 to 5 Rod novel structural diagram of the present utility 2- fixed longitudinal end, as shown, the present invention femoral force measuring instrument, comprising a laterally disposed Probes 2, the probe 2 is graduated scale, Referring rod 1 has, is provided with sliding probes probe 3. 将参照杆1垂直钉入髋白上方骨盆,然后调节探针3远近,就能从探尺2上读出长度数据,手术前和手术中分别做测量能测量出下肢纵向移动的长度。 With reference to the driving shaft 1 vertically above the hip white pelvis, and then adjust the distance of the probe 3 can read from the probe foot 2 on the length data, preoperative and intraoperative measurements are made can measure longitudinal movement of the lower limb length.

[0024] 实施例中,如图3、图4和图5所示,参照杆1包括套杆12和基点钉11,套杆12固定于探尺2,套杆12下端设有定位锥12a,基点钉11上端设有定位孔11b,定位孔lib套置于定位锥12a外周壁;如图1和图2所示,探针3包括导环32和针本体31。 [0024] Example embodiments, as shown in FIG. 3, FIG. 4 and FIG. 5, a reference rod 12 comprises a sleeve shaft 11 and the staple point, the rod 12 is fixed to the sleeve Probes 2, the lower end of the pocket bar 12 is provided with positioning cone 12a, 11 is provided with an upper end point staple positioning hole 11b, a positioning hole in the retainer sleeve lib tapered outer peripheral wall 12a; FIGS. 1 and 2, the probe 3 comprises a guide ring 32 and the needle body 31. 导环32套置于探尺2,针本体31 垂直伸缩连接于导环32,针本体31外周壁纵向设有刻度。 Guide ring 32 disposed Rod sleeve 2, the needle body 31 is connected to a vertically telescopic guide ring 32, the outer peripheral wall of the needle body 31 is provided with a longitudinal scale. 基点钉11垂直钉入髋臼上方骨盆作为测量基准,基点钉11与套杆12的配合使得股骨力线测量仪更加机动灵活,能随时从手术部位挪开,对手术干扰小。 Nail-driving point 11 vertically above the pelvis acetabulum as a measurement reference point with the sleeve 11 and the nail rod 12 such that the femoral force measuring instrument is more flexible, ready to move away from the surgical site, the surgical small interference. 导环32上开有垂直的通孔用于放置针本体31,针本体31在导环32中作垂直伸缩移动,以便在测量过程中针本体31划伤人体组织。 The guide ring 32, have vertical through holes 31 for positioning the needle body, the needle body 31 in a vertically telescopic movement guide ring 32, the needle body 31 to body tissue scratched during the measurement. 手术前和手术中分别做测量会发现针本体31下降的行程有差值,行程差值能从针本体31刻度上读出,刻度差值即为股骨近端偏心距的大小、 Preoperative and intraoperative measurements were done needle body 31 will find that there is a difference falling stroke, stroke difference from the scale on the needle body 31 is read out, the scale difference is the magnitude of eccentricity of the proximal femur,

[0025] 实施例中,如图1和图2所示,针本体31包括设于上端的针帽31a,针本体31套有弹簧33,弹簧33设于导环32与针帽3la之间。 [0025] Example embodiments, as shown in FIG. 1 and 2, the needle body 31 includes a needle cap provided on an upper end 31a, the needle body 31 with a spring sleeve 33, spring 33 provided between the guide ring 32 and needle cap 3la. 针帽3la有利于增大与使用者手指的接触面,弹簧33能将针本体31往上抬升,有利于针本体31离开人体组织。 Needle cap 3la beneficial to increase the contact surface with the user's finger, spring 33 can lift up the needle body 31, the needle body 31 is conducive to leave the body tissues.

[0026] 实施例中,如图1和图2所示,针帽3la固定连接于弹簧33上端,弹簧33下端固定连接于导环32,防止针本体31与导环32分离;如图3、图4和图5所示,基点钉11包括突出于外周的受力凸起11a。 [0026] Example embodiments, as shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, is fixedly connected to the needle cap 3la upper spring 33, the lower end of spring 33 is fixedly connected to the guide ring 32, the needle body 31 to prevent the guide ring 32 separated; FIG. 3, Figures 4 and 5, the staple 11 comprises a base point on the outer periphery of the projecting force projection 11a. 受力凸起11a—方面能防止基点钉11过度钉入骨质中,另一方面作为起子施力部位,有利于基点钉11从盆骨上拔出。 Force projection 11a- aspect point can be prevented over the staple driven into bone mass 11, on the other hand as a screwdriver urging portion conducive point 11 is pulled out from the staple pelvis.

[0027] 实施例中,如图3、图4和图5所示,套杆I2固定有重锤41,受力凸起11a上端面设有垂心刻度11c,重锤41位于垂心刻度11c正上方。 [0027] Example embodiments, as shown in FIG. 3, 4 and 5, I2 is fixed to the weight 41, the force receiving end surface 11a is provided with projections 11c sets orthocenter scale bar 41 is located directly above the weight scale 11c orthocenter . 只要使重锤41对准垂心刻度11c就能确定参照杆1垂直。 As long as the orthocenter of the weight scale 41 aligned with the vertical reference 11c rod 1 can be determined.

[0028] 实施例中,如图3和图4所示,重锤41原点固定有刻度盘42,刻度盘42平行于探尺2。 [0028] The embodiment shown in FIGS. 3 and 4, the weight 41 is fixed to the origin dial 42, dial 42 parallel Probes 2. 手术前使重锤41对准垂心刻度11c使基点钉11垂直钉入盆骨中,手术中骨盆会往头一侧或者脚一侧倾斜,通过重锤41在刻度盘42上前后显示的刻度差能计算出倾斜的角度,刻度差值即为术中骨盆倾斜的角度。 Before operation of the weight scale 41 is aligned orthocenter point 11c so that the staple 11 driven in the vertical pelvic bone, surgery to the pelvis inclined side of the head or foot side, by a difference of the weight scale 41 on the display 42 before and after the dial can be calculated the angle of inclination, the scale difference is the inclination angle of the pelvic surgery.

[0029]实施例中,如图1所示,探尺2刻度与探针3刻度分别设于同一侧,刻度设于同一侧便于观察。 [0029] In the embodiment shown in Figure 1, the scale and the probe 2 Rod 3 are disposed on the same side of the scale, the scale is provided on the same side of the easy to observe.

[0030]实施例中,如图1所示,探针3的针尖高于基点钉11的针尖。 [0030] The embodiment shown in Figure 1, the probe tip 3 is higher than the tip point 11 of the staple.

[0031]实施例中,基点钉11上端面设有防滑纹,套杆12与基点钉11的配合面也设有防滑纹。 [0031] In an embodiment, the end face is provided with antiskid the nail point 11, mating surface 12 and the point of the staple pocket bar 11 is also provided with non-slip pattern. 防滑纹设置使得套杆12插入基点钉11后不易转动。 Slip pattern is provided such that rotation of the sleeve after the rod is not easy to nail 1112 bp insert.

[0032]实施例中,如图1所示,套杆12平行于探针3。 [0032] Example 12 1 in parallel, the set of rods to the probe 3 as shown in FIG.

[GG33]本实用新型的使用方法: [GG33] using the method of the present invention:

[0034]手术前,将基点钉11完全垂直钉入髋曰上方骨盆,再将套杆I2插入基点钉11,调节探针3位置,并用探针3在下肢做标记,并分别记下探针3在探尺2上指示的刻度值A,针本体31在导环32下端面显示的刻度值B,重锤41在刻度盘42上显示的刻度值C,然后将套杆12从基点钉11上取下,以便手术。 [0034] Before surgery, the point of the hip nail 11 is fully driven into said vertically above the pelvis, and then inserted into the pocket bar I2 nail point 11, adjusting the position of the probe 3, and 3 marked probe in the lower extremities, and the probe were recorded 3 the scale value a, the needle body stock rod 231 indicated on the lower end face of the scale values ​​B 32 to display the guide ring, the weight 41 on the C scale value shown in the dial 42 and the rod cover 12 from the staple 11 bp demounted, for surgery.

[0035]手术中,将套杆12插入基点钉11,调节探针3至下肢标记位置,并分别记下探针3在探尺2上指示的刻度值A1,针本体31在导环32下端面显示的刻度值B1,以及重锤41在刻度盘42上摆动的刻度差C1,并分别计算出各自与术前的差值△232、(:2(^2即为下肢纵向移动的长度,B2即为股骨近端偏心距的大小,C2即为术中骨盆倾斜的角度。 [0035] In operation, the rod 12 is inserted into the sleeve 11 bp nails, adjusting probe mark position 3 to the lower limbs, and a probe 3 are denoted by the indicated value A1 Rod scale of 2, the needle body 31 in the guide ring 32 scale value B1 end surface display, and the weight 41 on the dial 42 scale difference wobble C1, respectively, and are each calculated difference value with a pre-surgery △ 232, (: 2 (^ 2 is the longitudinal displacement of the lower limb length, B2 is the eccentricity magnitude proximal femur, C2 is the angle of inclination of the pelvis surgery.

[0036]本实用新型的最佳实施例己阐明,由本领域普通技术人员做出的各种变化或改型都不会脱离本实用新型的范围。 [0036] The present invention has set forth a preferred embodiment, various changes or modifications made by one of ordinary skill in the art will not be departing from the scope of the invention.

Claims (10)

1. 股骨力线测量仪,包括横向设置的探尺(2),所述的探尺(2)标有刻度,其特征是:所述的探尺(2) —端纵向固定有参照杆(1),所述的探尺(2)滑动设置有探针(3)。 Femur force measuring instrument, comprising Probes (2), said Probes (2) laterally provided with a graduated scale, characterized in that: said Probes (2) - end of the longitudinal rod is fixed reference ( 1), the probe foot (2) is provided with a slide probe (3).
2. 根据权利要求1所述的股骨力线测量仪,其特征是:所述的参照杆(1)包括套杆(12) 和基点钉(11),所述的套杆(1¾固定于所述的探尺(2),所述的套杆(12)下端设有定位锥(12a),所述的基点钉(11)上端设有定位孔(11b),所述的定位孔(11b)套置于所述的定位锥(12a)外周壁;所述的探针(3)包括导环(32)和针本体(31),所述的导环(32)套置于所述的探尺(2),所述的针本体(31)垂直伸缩连接于所述的导环(32),所述的针本体(31)外周壁纵向设有刻度。 The femoral force measuring instrument according to claim 1, wherein: the reference rod (1) comprises a sleeve shaft (12) and the nail point (11), said pocket bar (fixed to the 1¾ positioning holes (11b) Probes (2), said pocket bar (12) has a positioning said lower cone (12a), the nail point (11) is provided with an upper end of the positioning holes (11b), said in the positioning of the cone sleeve (12a) of the outer peripheral wall; said probe (3) comprises a guide ring (32) and the needle body (31), said guide ring (32) of said sleeve disposed probe foot (2), said needle body (31) is connected to a telescopic vertical guide ring (32), said needle body (31) is provided with an outer peripheral wall of the longitudinal scale.
3. 根据权利要求2所述的股骨力线测量仪,其特征是:所述的针本体(31)包括设于上端的针帽(31a),所述的针本体(31)套有弹簧(33),所述的弹簧(33)设于所述的导环(32)与所述的针帽(31a)之间。 The femoral force measuring instrument according to claim 2, characterized in that: said needle body (31) comprising a needle cap provided on an upper end (31a), said needle body (31) has a spring sleeve ( 33), said spring (33) is provided between the guide ring of the needle cap (31a) with said (32).
4. 根据权利要求3所述的股骨力线测量仪,其特征是:所述的针帽(31a)固定连接于所述的弹簧(33)上端,所述的弹簧(33)下端固定连接于所述的导环(32);所述的基点钉(11) 包括突出于外周的受力凸起(11a)。 The femoral force measuring instrument according to claim 3, characterized in that: said needle cap (31a) fixedly connected to said spring (33) an upper end, said spring (33) fixedly connected to the lower end said guide ring (32); the nail point (11) includes a protrusion on the outer periphery of the force projection (11a).
5. 根据权利要求4所述的股骨力线测量仪,其特征是:所述的套杆(12)固定有重锤(41),所述的受力凸起(11a)上端面设有垂心刻度(11c),所述的重锤(41)位于所述的垂心刻度(11c)正上方。 The femoral force measuring instrument according to claim 4, characterized in that: said pocket bar (12) is fixed to the weight (41), the force receiving projection (11a) is provided on the end surface orthocenter scale (11c), the hammer (41) located at the orthocenter scale (11c) directly above.
6. 根据权利要求5所述的股骨力线测量仪,其特征是:所述的重锤(41)原点固定有刻度盘(42),所述的刻度盘(42)平行于所述的探尺(2)。 The femoral force measuring instrument according to claim 5, characterized in that: said weight (41) is fixed to the origin dial (42), said dial (42) parallel to said probe foot (2).
7. 根据权利要求6所述的股骨力线测量仪,其特征是:所述的探尺(2)刻度与所述的探针(3)刻度分别设于同一侧。 The femoral force measuring instrument according to claim 6, characterized in that: said Probes (2) scale and said probe (3) are disposed on the same side of the scale.
8. 根据权利要求7所述的股骨力线测量仪,其特征是:所述的探针(3)的针尖高于所述的基点钉(11)的针尖。 According to claim femoral force measuring instrument of claim 7, wherein: said probe (3) above the tip of the nail point (11) of the needle tip.
9. 根据权利要求8所述的股骨力线测量仪,其特征是:所述的基点钉(11)上端面设有防滑纹,所述的套杆(12)与所述的基点钉(11)的配合面也设有防滑纹。 According to claim femoral force measuring instrument of claim 8, wherein: the end face is provided on said antiskid nail point (11), the pocket bar (12) and the base point of the staple (11 ) is also provided with antiskid surface.
10. 根据权利要求9所述的股骨力线测量仪,其特征是:所述的套杆(12)平行于所述的探针⑶。 10. femoral force measuring instrument according to claim 9, wherein: said pocket bar (12) parallel to said probe ⑶.
CN201620968877.4U 2016-08-30 2016-08-30 Thighbone line of force measuring apparatu CN206261601U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108567510A (en) * 2018-05-17 2018-09-25 西南医科大学附属医院 Leg length measuring instrument in replacement of total hip

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108567510A (en) * 2018-05-17 2018-09-25 西南医科大学附属医院 Leg length measuring instrument in replacement of total hip

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