The horizontal truning fixture of milling machine
The utility model be related to it is a kind of in carrying out Machining of Curved Surface to workpiece in the way of horizontal turning on the workbench of milling machine,
And then reach the horizontal truning fixture for significantly improving processing efficiency and effectively reducing equipment cost.
Press, at present quite popular phone housing, it is all and the song of the arcuation in the curved surface of arcuation that its outer surface is most of
Face processing mode is mainly processed using the vertical knee-type milling machine of Numerical Control；Refer to shown in Fig. 1, the Numerical Control it is vertical
Milling machine is mainly to be provided with lathe 10 can make the workbench that first level feeds to (X axis) and the second level to (Y-axis)
11, in then workpiece 13 is gripped with a positioning fixture 12 on the workbench 11, allow the workbench 11 to drive workpiece 13 to make
First level to (X axis) and the second level to (Y-axis) feeding, another lathe 10 to (Z axis to) in being vertically provided with a column
14, and the vertical main tapping 15 to (Z axis to) lifting can be made with linear slide rail installing one on the column 14, on the main tapping 15
Then it is equiped with process tool 16, and then the process tool 16 is made lifting displacement and the rotation of high speed of vertical direction (Z axis to)
Turn, milling operation is carried out with to the workpiece 13 on workbench 11.When the workpiece 13 on workbench 11 carries out the Machining of Curved Surface of arcuation
When, drive the feeding that diverse location is made in the horizontal displacement of workpiece 13 to cut using workbench 11, and main tapping 15 then drives processing knife
Tool 16 lifts the feeding cutting that different depth is made in displacements, and then by the mode curved surface that completes to workpiece 13 of Numerical Control milling
Processing.But the processing mode, because workpiece 13 is when making to be cut per feeding together, workbench 11 must all drive workpiece 13
Make the horizontal displacement of total travel, therefore process velocity is slowly；Furthermore the mode of milling is also held very much on the surface of workpiece 13
Easily leave tool marks so that the program of polishing and polishing must also be passed through after milling is completed, required roughness can be just obtained, because
This phone housing about needs the time of 1 hour to complete to meet required Machining of Curved Surface, in turn results in processing efficiency not
Refer to shown in Fig. 2, if in the side of the column 14 of vertical knee-type milling machine with linear slide rail set up one can make it is vertical to
The base of tool 17 of (Z axis to) lifting, then set up on the workbench 11 of milling machine one it is vertical to rotary table 18, for clamping and
Drive workpiece 13 to rotate, then Machining of Curved Surface can be made to the workpiece 13 on rotary table 18 in the way of vertical turning, this is vertical
The mode of turning is rotated due to workpiece 13 by rotary table 18 so that rotary table 18 for each revolution can be simultaneously right
Two opposite side of workpiece 13 are processed, therefore workbench 11 need only drive workpiece 13 to make the horizontal displacement of half trip, and increase and add
Work speed, and required roughness is also easily obtained in turning；Although it can improve the shortcoming of milling mode, because of the base of tool 17
Constantly quick with the rotation of workpiece 13 must make the vertical lifting start to (Z axis to), and this is vertical to (Z axis to)
Fast lifting start not only easily increases the overarm effect of board because of the inertia of acceleration of gravity, and acceleration of gravity inertia
Motor is also easily damaged when acceleration and deceleration high are made, and the ball of the linear slide rail of the base of tool 17 also easily becomes sliding contact, leads
Track scratch deformation is caused, and then influences machining accuracy, therefore the vertical turning mode of the milling machine also has its shortcoming and to be improved.
Utility model content
In view of this, the utility model designer satisfies the research and development and making experience for being engaged in relevant industries for many years with it, for
Current problem encountered further investigation, research by long-term endeavour with study, grind eventually and create a kind of Horizontal type cart of milling machine
Turning device, to be effectively improved existing scarce disadvantage, this is goal of the invention of the present utility model.
To achieve the above object, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is：
A kind of horizontal truning fixture of milling machine, it is arranged on the milling machine, the milling machine be provided with make first level to and second
Workbench from level to feeding, and vertically to being provided with a column, it is characterised in that the horizontal truning fixture is mainly included：
Rotary table：Horizontal direction is set up on the workbench of the milling machine, for positioning and driving workpiece to rotate；
At least horizontal direction the first tool feeding unit：It is in the column side of the milling machine towards the rotary table side
Stand is equiped with to extension, the second level is equiped with to feed mechanism in the position of the relative rotary table on the stand, should
Second level is to set up one first base of tool with the first slide rail group on the stand to feed mechanism, is installed on first base of tool
First process tool, first base of tool acts the second horizontal direction shift reciprocately with the first driving group band, makes first processing
Cutter carries out horizontal turnery processing to the workpiece of the rotary table.
The horizontal truning fixture of described milling machine, wherein, second level is linear to the first slide rail group of feed mechanism
Slide rail group or contactless slide rail group.
The horizontal truning fixture of described milling machine, wherein, second level is linear to the first driving group of feed mechanism
The horizontal truning fixture of described milling machine, wherein, the second level on the stand is to being provided with the second tool feeding list
The horizontal truning fixture of described milling machine, wherein, the second tool feeding unit is the second water on the stand
Put down to the second slide rail group is provided with, to install second base of tool, the second process tool is installed on second base of tool, second cutter
Seat acts the second horizontal direction displacement with the second driving group band.
A kind of one of advantage of the present utility model, there is provided the horizontal truning fixture of milling machine, it is on the workbench of milling machine
A horizontal direction rotary table is set up, for clamping and driving workpiece to rotate, also in the column side of milling machine towards the rotation
The extension of workbench direction is equiped with a stand, and at least one second is then equiped with the position of the relative rotary table on the stand
Horizontal direction tool feeding unit, the tool feeding unit is provided with the second level to feed mechanism, when rotary table clamping band
Start building part rotate when, you can using the milling machine workbench drive workpiece make feeding from first level to diverse location cut, with
And the second level of tool feeding unit drives process tool to make feeding cutting of second level to different depth to feed mechanism；
In this way, process velocity, and turning can not only be increased in Machining of Curved Surface is carried out to workpiece in the way of horizontal turning on milling machine
Also required roughness is easily obtained, and then reaches the benefit for significantly improving processing efficiency.
A kind of the two of advantage of the present utility model, there is provided the horizontal truning fixture of milling machine, it is the work in original milling machine
Set up a horizontal direction rotary table on platform, and the second horizontal direction cutter installed with stand in the column side of milling machine
To unit, you can in carrying out Machining of Curved Surface on original milling machine to workpiece in the way of horizontal turning, and then reach effectively reduction
The benefit of equipment cost.
The three of advantage of the present utility model, there is provided the horizontal truning fixture of a kind of milling machine, due to being with horizontal on milling machine
The mode of turning carries out Machining of Curved Surface to workpiece, can not only avoid the inertia of the acceleration of gravity institute when acceleration and deceleration high are made increased
Overarm effect, and the situation for damaging motor and linear slide rail can be prevented effectively from, and then reach and effectively ensure machining accuracy and use
The benefit in life-span.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram () that existing vertical knee-type milling machine is processed to curve surface of workpiece.
Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram (two) that existing vertical knee-type milling machine is processed to curve surface of workpiece.
Fig. 3 is the configuration diagram of the utility model milling machine.
Fig. 4 is the enlarged diagram of the utility model tool feeding unit.
Fig. 5 is machining sketch chart of the present utility model (one).
Fig. 6 is machining sketch chart of the present utility model (two).
Fig. 7 is machining sketch chart of the present utility model (three).
Description of reference numerals：[existing part] 10- lathes；11- workbench；12- positioning fixtures；13- workpiece；14- columns；
15- main tappings；16- process tools；The 17- base of tools；18- rotary tables；[the utility model is partly] 20- workbench；21- stands
Post；22- main tappings；30- rotary tables；31- stands；32- the first slide rail groups；The base of tools of 33- first；34- first processes knife
Tool；35- the second slide rail groups；The base of tools of 36- second；The process tools of 37- second；40- workpiece；The process tools of 41- the 3rd.
Further understand to make your juror have the utility model, hereby lift a preferred embodiment and cooperation figure
Formula, describes in detail as after：
Refer to shown in Fig. 3, Fig. 4, milling machine is mainly to be provided with lathe can make first level to (X axis) and the second water
Put down the workbench 20 fed to (Y-axis), and it is vertical be then provided with a column 21 to (Z axis to), and with linear on the column 21
Slide rail assembling sets one can make the vertical main tapping 22 to (Z axis to) lifting, then be available for installing process tool on the main tapping 22；This
The horizontal truning fixture of utility model is mainly a horizontal direction rotary table 30 (the 4th axle) is set up on workbench 20, should
Rotary table 30 is existing technology, therefore it will not go into details, and is started building with the clamping position workpiece of rotary table 30 and band
Part rotates, and also extends towards the direction of rotary table 30 in the side of column 21 and is equiped with a stand 31, in phase on the stand 31
Position to the rotary table 30 is then equiped with least one second horizontal direction the first tool feeding unit, and first cutter enters
The second level is provided with to feed mechanism to unit, and second level is with the first slide rail group 32 on the stand 31 to feed mechanism
One first base of tool 33 is set up, for the first process tool 34 of installing turning, first base of tool on first base of tool 33
33 and with the first driving group (schema is not shown) band action the second horizontal direction displacement (Y-axis), in the present embodiment, this first slide
Rail group 32 can be linear slide rail group or contactless slide rail group, and the contactless slide rail group is, for example, hydrostatic pressure slide rail group, gas
The slick and frivolous rail group of static pressure slide rail group, magnetic, because when Machining of Curved Surface is made, first base of tool 33 must connect in the first slide rail group 32
It is continuous quickly to make the second horizontal direction shift reciprocately, in order to ensure the service life of the first slide rail group 32, the first slide rail group 32
Preferably mode is using contactless slide rail group；In another the present embodiment, first driving group is then linear motor so that linear
Motor can drive first base of tool 33 to make displacement of second level to (Y-axis) along the first slide rail group 32.Separately in order to provide more
Various processing modes, in the present embodiment, the stand 31 is provided with the second tool feeding unit, the second tool feeding unit
It is that the second level on stand 31 installs one second base of tool 36 to the second slide rail group 35, is available on second base of tool 36
Installing turning is used or the second boring process tool 37, second base of tool 36 and with the second driving group (schema is not shown) band
Displacement of second level to (Y-axis) is acted, to provide more kinds of processing modes.
Refer to shown in Fig. 5, the workbench 20 of the utility model milling machine can be rotated workbench 30 and workpiece 40 makees the
One level, to the displacement of (Y-axis), to be moved to initial position, is then revolved to (X axis) and the second level when in horizontal direction
When revolving worktable 30 drives workpiece 40 to rotate, workbench 20 is rotated workbench 30 and workpiece 40 makees first level to (X-axis
To) displacement, correspond to workpiece 40 each different feeding Working position to adjust the first process tool 34；First cutter enters
First base of tool 33 and the first process tool 34 can be then driven to make the second level to (Y to feed mechanism to the second level of unit
Displacement axially), to adjust the cutting that the first process tool 34 makees identical or different depth to workpiece 40, such as when workpiece 40 will
When making the processing of curved surface, formula can according to the curved surface needed for workpiece 40 each first level to Working position point define
First process tool 34 makees the cutting of different depth in the second horizontal direction motion path, with continuously rapidly to workpiece 40
March facing operation, the mode of the horizontal turning is rotated due to workpiece 40 by rotary table 30 so that rotation work
Making platform 30 can be processed to two opposite side of workpiece 40 simultaneously for each revolution, therefore workbench 20 need only drive workpiece 40 to make half
The first level of stroke is to (X axis) displacement, you can completes to 40 1 turning of circulation of workpiece, and increases process velocity, and
Required roughness is also easily obtained in turning, thus with a phone housing for, only about need the time of 5 minutes can completion
Meet required Machining of Curved Surface, and then reach the benefit for significantly improving processing efficiency.And the utility model can be in original milling machine
Rotary table 30 is directly set up on workbench and in erection tool feeding unit on column 21, you can with the side of horizontal turning
Formula carries out Machining of Curved Surface to workpiece, and then reaches the benefit for effectively reducing equipment cost.
Referring again to shown in Fig. 5, the utility model carries out curved surface and adds in the way of horizontal turning on milling machine to workpiece 40
Work so that the weight of first base of tool 33 and the first process tool 34 all falls in the plane of stand 31, so when the first cutter
The process tool 34 of seat 33 and first is continuous rapidly make the second level to (Y-axis) shift reciprocately when, will not only increase institute
The overarm effect of meaning, and the inertia produced by acceleration of gravity can be also avoided when acceleration and deceleration high are made, and then it is prevented effectively from damage
The situation of the first driving group and the first slide rail group 32, reaches the benefit for effectively ensuring machining accuracy and service life.
Refer to shown in Fig. 6, when to carry out such as bore operation on the curved surface of workpiece 40, it also may be used the utility model
Workbench 30 is rotated from workbench 20 and workpiece 40 makees displacement of the first level to (X axis), to adjust the correspondence of workpiece 40
In the feeding Working position of the second process tool 37, then the second process tool 37 is driven to make the second level to (Y from the second driving group
Displacement axially), to carry out the bore operation of required depth to workpiece 40.
Refer to shown in Fig. 7, horizontal truning fixture of the present utility model is arranged on original milling machine, therefore when will be to work
When four sides of part 40 are processed, the horizontal displacement that workbench 20 makees X, Y-axis in itself can also be used, make rotary table
The displacement of workpiece 40 correspondence on 30 drives the 3rd processing to the position of the 3rd process tool 41 on main tapping 22 by main tapping 22
Cutter 41 carries out such as deburring, chamfering or bore operation to the side of workpiece 40, and now the rotary table 30 is used as indexing
Rotation is used, when workpiece 40 will be changed ipsilateral is not processed when, then using the rotary table 30 drive workpiece 40 index
Rotation, so that the 3rd process tool 41 on main tapping 22 side different to workpiece 40 is processed.
It is described above to be merely exemplary for the utility model, and nonrestrictive, those of ordinary skill in the art
Understand, in the case where spirit and scope defined herein are not departed from, can many modifications may be made, change or equivalent, but all
To fall within protection domain of the present utility model.