CN206245956U - A kind of anti-pinch passenger devices of vehicle - Google Patents

A kind of anti-pinch passenger devices of vehicle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206245956U
CN206245956U CN201621362251.5U CN201621362251U CN206245956U CN 206245956 U CN206245956 U CN 206245956U CN 201621362251 U CN201621362251 U CN 201621362251U CN 206245956 U CN206245956 U CN 206245956U
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China
Prior art keywords
pinch
control
switch
door
fixed
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CN201621362251.5U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李占江
高超
任钢
秦浩良
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Nanjing Yuebo Power System Co Ltd
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Nanjing Yuebo Power System Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201621362251.5U priority Critical patent/CN206245956U/en
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Abstract

A kind of anti-pinch passenger devices of vehicle, including whole-control system, anti-pinch detecting system and door closing control system, the whole-control system is connected to anti-pinch detecting system, the anti-pinch detecting system is connected to a closing control system, the whole-control system includes entire car controller, the anti-pinch detecting system includes non-contact switch element and touch switch element, what the anti-pinch detecting system can be moved is fixedly mounted on two door leafs of car door, the door closing control system includes the control unit and the execution unit for performing control unit order for controlling closing of the door and unlatching, described control unit is connected to execution unit, the non-contact switch element is infrared opposite-radiation switch element, the infrared opposite-radiation switch element includes transmitter and receiver.The anti-pinch passenger devices of vehicle described in the utility model, can differentiate different gripped objects, improve the reliability and sensitivity of detection.

Description

A kind of anti-pinch passenger devices of vehicle
Technical field
The utility model belongs to anti-pinch device technical field, and in particular to a kind of anti-pinch passenger devices of vehicle.
Background technology
With the progress of society and vigorously supporting for government, pure electric automobile industry has obtained quick development, with people The closely related bus of trip is also more and more used pure powered version, and the car door of existing pure Electric Transit does not all have mostly There is automatic detection device, often the feelings of getting on or off the bus that a camera checks passenger for driver are installed on the top near car door Condition, and bus door closing is relatively rapider, in the route that how crowded people is, if passenger is more to block camera, Huo Zhesi Have during machine-operated door passenger get off suddenly and clamped after getting off clothes vehicle start again start in the case of, it is easy to cause Danger, unnecessary injury is brought to passenger.
If whether vehicle configures an anti-pinch device to detect between car door with the presence of object, if detecting foreign matter, you can order Car door phase down, it is to avoid crush passenger, will substantially increase the security that passenger rides, and reduce the generation of contingency.In It is that some research and development institutions have developed vehicle anti-pinch supervising device.
For example, Chinese Patent Application No. 201310341255.X discloses a kind of bus door anti-pinch supervising device, its Specifically disclose:The present invention is bus door anti-pinch supervising device, and the present invention is filled by central integrated control device, infrared induction Put, video shooting device, car door hydraulic selector device, warning device are constituted.The present invention can be effectively improved existing car door anti-pinch peace Quan Xing, by the collective effect of aforementioned means under, experience in door contact interrupter stroke automatically under the effect such as infrared and video-unit Whether someone, and automatic start-stop, so as to reach the purpose of protection passenger survival safety.Present invention is especially suitable for existing public affairs Hand over the automobile door anti-clamping system transformation of automobile.
In the prior art, although can accomplish to be monitored passenger's turnover car door and can be alarmed when pressing from both sides people to producing, But need the driver to carry out manual intervention.
Based on as above problem, the utility model provides a kind of anti-pinch passenger devices of vehicle, to overcome above-mentioned prior art Present in defect.
Utility model content
The utility model is achieved by the following technical solution:A kind of anti-pinch passenger devices of vehicle, including vehicle control System processed, anti-pinch detecting system and door closing control system, the whole-control system are connected to anti-pinch detecting system, described anti- Folder detecting system is connected to a closing control system, and the whole-control system includes entire car controller, the anti-pinch detection system System includes non-contact switch element and touch switch element, and what the anti-pinch detecting system can be moved is fixedly mounted on car On two door leafs of door, the door closing control system includes control unit for controlling closing of the door and unlatching and for holding The execution unit of row control unit order, described control unit is connected to execution unit, and the non-contact switch element is red Outside line includes transmitter and receiver, the transmitter and receiver to penetrating switch element, the infrared opposite-radiation switch element Being fixed on two door leafs of car door for movement is able to, the touch switch element includes a pair of contact switch element, The pair of contact switch element is separately fixed on two door leafs of car door, and the infrared opposite-radiation switch element also includes defeated Go out relay, the output relay is connected to transmitter and receiver to obtain signal, and the output relay also divides Whole-control system and door closing control system are not connected to sending signal, and the contact switch element is also examined including contact point Slowdown monitoring switch, the contact point detection switch is connected to whole-control system and door closing control system with sending signal.
Further, the anti-pinch detecting system also includes the first slide bar, the second slide bar, the 3rd slide bar, the 4th slide bar, the One guide groove, the second guide groove, first make contact detection switch, the second contact point detection switch, the top of first slide bar can What is rotated is fixed on transmitter, and what the bottom of first slide bar can rotate and can move up and down is fixed on the first guide groove In, on the receiver, the bottom of second slide bar can rotate and energy for the fixation that the top of second slide bar can rotate What is enough moved up and down is fixed in the second guide groove, and what the top of the 3rd slide bar can rotate is fixed on transmitter, described The bottom of the 3rd slide bar is non-contacting to approach first make contact detection switch, the fixation that the top of the 4th slide bar can rotate On the receiver, the bottom of the 4th slide bar is non-contacting approaches the second contact point detection switch, the first make contact inspection Slowdown monitoring switch and the second contact point detection switch are fixed on the incline of door leaf by contact point detection switch fixing device respectively, institute Stating transmitter and receiver can move left and right.
Further, the infrared opposite-radiation switch element also includes audible alarm unit, and the audible alarm unit connects It is connected to output relay.
Further, the output relay is connected with contact point detection switch.
Further, the execution unit is cylinder or motor.
Further, described control unit also includes closing of the door speed control system.
Further, the whole-control system also includes CAN, and the entire car controller is connected by CAN In vehicular meter.
Further, the output relay and contact point detection switch are connected to a group of the entire car controller I/O port.
Further, contact point detection switch fixing device includes that the first connection cross bar, the first steering wheel, the second connection are horizontal Bar and the second steering wheel, one end of the first connection cross bar are fixed on the incline of door leaf, and first steering wheel is fixed on The other end of the first connection cross bar, one end of the second connection cross bar is fixed on the incline of door leaf, second steering wheel The other end of the second connection cross bar is fixed on, the first make contact detection switch is fixed on the first steering wheel, described second Contact point detection switch is fixed on the second steering wheel.
Compared with prior art, superior effect of the present utility model is:
1st, the anti-pinch passenger devices of vehicle described in the utility model, by being equipped with non-contact switch element and connecing Touch switches element, can differentiate different gripped objects, and improve the reliability and sensitivity of detection.
2nd, the anti-pinch passenger devices of vehicle described in the utility model, by by output relay and contact point detection switch Series connection, can make the transmission of information obtain double shield.
3rd, the anti-pinch passenger devices of vehicle described in the utility model, by setting closing of the door speed control system, make Car door is closed with speed in gradient, improves quick response when closing of the door starts, meanwhile, final stage is slow down again Car door impacts.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the anti-pinch detecting system of the anti-pinch passenger devices of vehicle described in the utility model.
Reference is as follows:
The slide bars of 1- first, the slide bars of 2- second, the slide bars of 3- the 3rd, the slide bars of 4- the 4th, the guide grooves of 5- first, the guide grooves of 6- second, 7- First make contact detection switch, the second contact points of 8- detection switch, 10- infrared opposite-radiations switch element, 11- transmitters, 12- connect Receive device, the connections of 13- first cross bar, the steering wheels of 14- first, the connections of 15- second cross bar, the steering wheels of 16- second.
Specific embodiment
The utility model specific embodiment is described in further detail below.
As shown in figure 1, a kind of anti-pinch passenger devices of vehicle, including whole-control system, anti-pinch detecting system and Men Guan Control system is closed, the whole-control system is connected to anti-pinch detecting system, and the anti-pinch detecting system is connected to a closing control System processed, the whole-control system include entire car controller, the anti-pinch detecting system include non-contact switch element and Touch switch element, what the anti-pinch detecting system can be moved is fixedly mounted on two door leafs of car door, and the door is closed Closing control system includes the control unit and the execution list for performing control unit order that are used to control closing of the door and unlatching Unit, described control unit is connected to execution unit, and the non-contact switch element is infrared opposite-radiation switch element 10, described Infrared opposite-radiation switch element 10 includes transmitter 11 and receiver 12, and the transmitter 11 and receiver 12 are able to movement Be fixed on two door leafs of car door, the touch switch element include a pair of contact switch element, the pair of contact Switch element is separately fixed on two door leafs of car door, and the infrared opposite-radiation switch element 10 also includes output relay, The output relay is connected to transmitter 11 and receiver 12 to obtain signal, and the output relay is also respectively connected with In whole-control system and door closing control system with sending signal, the contact switch element also includes that contact point detection is opened Close, the contact point detection switch is connected to whole-control system and door closing control system with sending signal.
The whole-control system is mainly made up of entire car controller, and its function is collection vehicle service data, according to The signal of modules feedback carries out comprehensive descision, so as to respond the instruction such as drive demand, troubleshooting, anti-pinch detecting system is used Whether there is foreign matter at car door during closing of the door is detected, and the signal for detecting is fed back to a closing control system and whole Vehicle control, the detection switch of anti-pinch detecting system includes non-contact switch element and touch switch element, is arranged on At the doorframe of left and right two winnowing machines door.
Further, the anti-pinch detecting system also includes the first slide bar 1, the second slide bar 2, the 3rd slide bar 3, the 4th slide bar 4th, the first guide groove 5, the second guide groove 6, first make contact detection switch 7, the second contact point detection switch 8, first slide bar 1 What top can rotate is fixed on transmitter 11, and what the bottom of first slide bar 1 can rotate and can move up and down consolidates It is scheduled in the first guide groove 5, what the top of second slide bar 2 can rotate is fixed on receiver 12, second slide bar 2 What bottom can rotate and can move up and down is fixed in the second guide groove 6, and what the top of the 3rd slide bar 3 can rotate consolidates It is scheduled on transmitter 11, the bottom of the 3rd slide bar 3 is non-contacting to approach first make contact detection switch 7, and the described 4th slides What the top of bar 4 can rotate is fixed on receiver 12, and the bottom of the 4th slide bar 4 is non-contacting to approach the second contact point Detection switch 8, the contact point detection switch 8 of the first make contact detection switch 7 and second passes through contact point detection switch respectively Fixing device is fixed on the incline of door leaf, and the transmitter 11 and receiver 12 can be moved left and right.
For the object of the flexibility of the class of clothes one, mainly detected by infrared opposite-radiation, when transmitter 11 and receiver When light between 12 is blocked, the output relay in the infrared opposite-radiation switch element 10 of non-contact switch element breaks Open, the arm or the class of luggage one for people be flexible or object of hardness, by infrared opposite-radiation switch element 10 and contact Switch element detection simultaneously, improves the reliability and sensitivity of detection, when transmitter 11 or receiver 12 is encountered, transmitting Device 11 or receiver 12 stretch backward, drive the 3rd slide bar 3 and the 4th slide bar 4 to be moved rearwards by telescopic process, touch the One contact point detection switch 7 and the second contact point detection switch 8, and output signal is transferred to the door closing control system of vehicle And whole-control system.
Further, the infrared opposite-radiation switch element 10 also includes audible alarm unit, the audible alarm unit It is connected to output relay.
Further, the output relay is connected with contact point detection switch.
Further, the execution unit is cylinder or motor.
Further, described control unit also includes closing of the door speed control system, the closing of the door speed control System is connected to execution unit.
The closing of the door speed control system is used to control the closing velocity of car door, in the closing process point at a high speed, in Speed, low speed three phases, and the signal sent according to anti-pinch detecting system controls car door to continue reversely to be opened after closing, and is closing the door During beginning, closing of the door speed control system control execution unit is closed the door with high-speed response first, is opened the door when a quarter is reached During overall width, closed the door with middling speed response, when eight/three open-door overall width is reached, control is closed the door with low speed response, whole to close The three ladder speed operations of door process point, had both improve quick response during beginning, and the impact of final stage, the height are slow down again Speed sets the need for speed, middling speed and low speed are closed the door according to actual vehicle.
Further, the whole-control system also includes CAN, and the entire car controller is connected by CAN In vehicular meter.
Entire car controller sends car door and is not turned off status information to instrument by CAN network, and instrument receives signal and will send out Go out audible alarm, after car door abnormal conditions are solved, alarm condition is eliminated automatically, car door abnormal conditions power off weight without driver Open.
Further, the output relay and contact point detection switch are connected to a group of the entire car controller I/O port.
Further, contact point detection switch fixing device includes that the first connection cross bar 13, the first steering wheel 14, second connect The steering wheel 16 of cross bar 15 and second is connect, one end of the first connection cross bar 13 is fixed on the incline of door leaf, described first turn The other end of the first connection cross bar 13 is fixed on to disk 14, one end of the second connection cross bar 14 is fixed on the incline of door leaf On, second steering wheel 14 is fixed on the other end of the second connection cross bar 14, and the first make contact detection switch 7 is fixed on On first steering wheel 14, the second contact point detection switch 8 is fixed on the second steering wheel 16.
The utility model is not limited to above-mentioned implementation method, in the case of without departing substantially from substance of the present utility model, It may occur to persons skilled in the art that any deformation, improvement, replacement each fall within protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of anti-pinch passenger devices of vehicle, including whole-control system, anti-pinch detecting system and door closing control system, institute State whole-control system and be connected to anti-pinch detecting system, the anti-pinch detecting system is connected to a closing control system, described whole Vehicle control includes entire car controller, and the anti-pinch detecting system includes non-contact switch element and touch switch unit Part, what the anti-pinch detecting system can be moved is fixedly mounted on two door leafs of car door, the door closing control system bag Include the control unit for controlling closing of the door and unlatching and the execution unit for performing control unit order, the control list Unit is connected to execution unit, it is characterised in that the non-contact switch element is infrared opposite-radiation switch element, described infrared To penetrating switch element including transmitter and receiver, the transmitter and receiver are able to the car door that is fixed on of movement to line On two door leafs, the touch switch element includes a pair of contact switch element, and the pair of contact switch element is solid respectively It is scheduled on two door leafs of car door, the infrared opposite-radiation switch element also includes output relay, the output relay point Transmitter and receiver are not connected to to obtain signal, and the output relay is also respectively connected with whole-control system and Men Guan Control system is closed with sending signal, the contact switch element also includes contact point detection switch, the contact point detection switch Whole-control system and door closing control system are connected to sending signal.
2. anti-pinch passenger devices of vehicle according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the anti-pinch detecting system also includes First slide bar, the second slide bar, the 3rd slide bar, the 4th slide bar, the first guide groove, the second guide groove, first make contact detection switch, second Contact point detection switch, what the top of first slide bar can rotate is fixed on transmitter, the bottom of first slide bar What can be rotated and can move up and down is fixed in the first guide groove, and what the top of second slide bar can rotate be fixed on connects Receive on device, what the bottom of second slide bar can rotate and can move up and down is fixed in the second guide groove, the described 3rd slides What the top of bar can rotate is fixed on transmitter, and the bottom of the 3rd slide bar is non-contacting to approach first make contact detection Switch, on the receiver, the bottom of the 4th slide bar is non-contacting to be supported for the fixation that the top of the 4th slide bar can rotate Nearly second contact point detection switch, the first make contact detection switch and the second contact point detection switch pass through contact point respectively Detection switch fixing device is fixed on the incline of door leaf, and the transmitter and receiver can be moved left and right.
3. anti-pinch passenger devices of vehicle according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the infrared opposite-radiation switch element Also include audible alarm unit, the audible alarm unit is connected to output relay.
4. anti-pinch passenger devices of the vehicle according to claim 1 or 3, it is characterised in that the output relay with connect Contact detection switch series connection.
5. anti-pinch passenger devices of vehicle according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the execution unit is cylinder or electricity Machine.
6. anti-pinch passenger devices of vehicle according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described control unit also includes car door Closing velocity control system.
7. anti-pinch passenger devices of vehicle according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the whole-control system also includes CAN, the entire car controller is connected to vehicular meter by CAN.
8. anti-pinch passenger devices of vehicle according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the output relay and contact point Detection switch is connected to one group of I/O port of the entire car controller.
9. anti-pinch passenger devices of vehicle according to claim 2, it is characterised in that the contact point detection switch is fixed Device includes the first connection cross bar, the first steering wheel, the second connection cross bar and the second steering wheel, the one of the first connection cross bar End is fixed on the incline of door leaf, and first steering wheel is fixed on the other end of the first connection cross bar, and second connection is horizontal One end of bar is fixed on the incline of door leaf, and second steering wheel is fixed on the other end of the second connection cross bar, described first Contact point detection switch is fixed on the first steering wheel, and the second contact point detection switch is fixed on the second steering wheel.
10. anti-pinch passenger devices of vehicle according to claim 8, it is characterised in that the output relay and contact Point detection switch is connected to motor vehicle braking system by one group of I/O port of the entire car controller.
CN201621362251.5U 2016-12-12 2016-12-12 A kind of anti-pinch passenger devices of vehicle Active CN206245956U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621362251.5U CN206245956U (en) 2016-12-12 2016-12-12 A kind of anti-pinch passenger devices of vehicle

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108412357A (en) * 2018-05-18 2018-08-17 北京汽车股份有限公司 Tail-gate anti-clipping system and vehicle with it
CN110940529A (en) * 2019-04-19 2020-03-31 南京金龙客车制造有限公司 Technological process for checking anti-pinch function of passenger door
CN112049538A (en) * 2020-08-24 2020-12-08 安徽安凯汽车股份有限公司 Intelligent control system for power supply with anti-pinch function of passenger car passenger door

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108412357A (en) * 2018-05-18 2018-08-17 北京汽车股份有限公司 Tail-gate anti-clipping system and vehicle with it
CN110940529A (en) * 2019-04-19 2020-03-31 南京金龙客车制造有限公司 Technological process for checking anti-pinch function of passenger door
CN112049538A (en) * 2020-08-24 2020-12-08 安徽安凯汽车股份有限公司 Intelligent control system for power supply with anti-pinch function of passenger car passenger door

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