CN206243476U - VTOL fixed-wing unmanned plane - Google Patents

VTOL fixed-wing unmanned plane Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206243476U
CN206243476U CN201621190859.4U CN201621190859U CN206243476U CN 206243476 U CN206243476 U CN 206243476U CN 201621190859 U CN201621190859 U CN 201621190859U CN 206243476 U CN206243476 U CN 206243476U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fixed
unmanned plane
storehouse
wing unmanned
interlude
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201621190859.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
赵国成
陈方芳
罗伟
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Ewatt Technology Co Ltd
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Ewatt Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201621190859.4U priority Critical patent/CN206243476U/en
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Publication of CN206243476U publication Critical patent/CN206243476U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of VTOL fixed-wing unmanned plane, bi-motor hand throwing type unmanned plane is applied to;Belong to unmanned air vehicle technique field, including:First cantilever and it is arranged on first rotor at the first cantilever two ends;Second cantilever and it is arranged on second rotor at the second cantilever two ends;Wherein, in the case where bi-motor hand throwing type fixed-wing unmanned plane is applied to, first cantilever and second cantilever are separately fixed on the fixed-wing of the unmanned plane;During landing operation is performed, first rotor and second rotor operating produce lift and resistance, pull fuselage to rise or decline.The landing difficulty that the utility model overcomes VTOL fixed-wing unmanned plane in the prior art is big, accident rate technical problem high.

Description

VTOL fixed-wing unmanned plane
Technical field
The utility model belongs to unmanned air vehicle technique field, more particularly to a kind of VTOL fixed-wing unmanned plane.
Background technology
UAV referred to as " unmanned plane ", is manipulated using radio robot and the presetting apparatus provided for oneself Not manned aircraft.Without driving cabin on machine, but the equipment such as automatic pilot, presetting apparatus, information collecting device are installed. On ground, naval vessels or machine tool remote control station personnel are by the equipment such as radar, it is tracked, is positioned, remote control, remote measurement and numeral are passed It is defeated.
Wherein, fixed-wing unmanned plane is long with its flying distance, cruise area it is big the characteristics of be widely used in long range information In acquisition applications scene;Meanwhile, its flying speed is fast, flying height is high, and settable course line is flown automatically, recovery point can be set and sits The automatic landing of mark, application effect is convenient good.
But, just because of the design feature of its fixed-wing, cause requirement of its landing to landing environment higher, often need Want good landing site, or auxiliary equipment;For example, hand throwing property fixed-wing unmanned plane, it usually needs the operation of professional training Personnel's hand is thrown and is taken off in the case of coordinating parasite power, and operation difficulty is big, it is desirable to high, easily produces takeoff accident;In aircraft During landing, often produced with ground and clash into friction, cause the different degrees of damage of fuselage and carrying equipment, or even produce drop Fall accident.
Due to the limitation of its offline mode, can not hover the continuous somewhere image of acquisition;Limit its using effect.
Utility model content
The utility model provides a kind of VTOL structure, solve or part solve in the prior art fixed-wing nobody Machine is risen to landing condition requirement height, and landing complex operation, difficulty is big, accident risk technical problem high.
The utility model provides a kind of VTOL fixed-wing unmanned plane, including:Fixed-wing unmanned aerial vehicle body and hang down Straight landing structure;The VTOL structure includes:First cantilever and it is arranged on first rotor at the first cantilever two ends; Second cantilever and it is arranged on second rotor at the second cantilever two ends;First cantilever and second cantilever are distinguished It is fixed on the fixed-wing of fixed-wing unmanned plane;Wherein, first rotor and second rotor operating produce lift or Resistance, pulls fixed-wing unmanned aerial vehicle body to rise, decline or hovers.
Further, the VTOL structure also includes:Independent power source;The independent power source is separately positioned on institute In stating the first cantilever and second cantilever, in driving first rotor and second rotor respectively;Or described first Rotor and second rotor, connect the driving power source of bi-motor hand throwing type fixed-wing unmanned plane.
Further, the VTOL fixed-wing unmanned aerial vehicle body includes:Interlude;First side section;Tow side section, its In, the both sides of the interlude are corresponding with first side section and the tow side section detachable connection respectively, and described Interlude is located between first side section and the tow side section;Tail, the tail is fixed on the interlude;At least One power source, the power source is fixed on the interlude, to provide power, and the interlude be located at the tail and Between the power source;Camera lens storehouse, the camera lens storehouse is fixed on the interlude, and sets flexible slow on the camera lens storehouse Punching pad so that when the VTOL fixed-wing unmanned plane land, by the flexo cushion by the camera lens storehouse with Face is isolated.
Further, the tail includes:Empennage;Support bar, the support bar includes:Fixing end;Dismounting end;Shaft, The symmetrical both sides for being distributed in the shaft of the fixing end and the dismounting end, and the shaft is by the fixing end and institute State interlude to be fixedly connected, the shaft is by the dismounting end and the empennage detachable connection.
Further, the empennage includes:First trapezoidal plate, the side of first trapezoidal plate is removable with the dismounting end Unload formula connection;Second trapezoidal plate, side and the dismounting end detachable connection of second trapezoidal plate;Wherein, the first ladder The angle of shape plate and second trapezoidal plate is acute angle so that the institute being made up of first trapezoidal plate and second trapezoidal plate State the V-shaped structure of empennage.
Further, being fixedly connected between the shaft and the interlude is to weld or be integrally formed.
Further, the quantity of the power source is 2, and 2 power sources are symmetrically fixed on the two of the interlude Side so that at first side section with the connecting portion of the interlude, another power source is located at institute to a power source State at tow side section and the connecting portion of the interlude.
Further, the power source includes:Electricity adjusts storehouse, and the electricity adjusts storehouse to be built-in with electric tune, and the electricity adjusts storehouse in sky Heart tubular, and be fixed on the interlude;Motor bin, the motor bin is built-in with motor, and the motor bin is in hollow cylinder Shape, and adjust storehouse to be fixedly connected with the electricity, and the inner space of the motor bin and the electricity adjust the inner space in storehouse to communicate, and make Obtain the motor to be connected with the electricity tune, and the rotor being fixed on the motor is made by the electricity regulation and control and rotated.
Further, the electricity adjusts the nozzle bore in storehouse more than the nozzle bore of the motor bin so that the motor bin Inner space when adjusting the inner space in storehouse to be mutually connected with the electricity, the electricity adjusts the storehouse inside unnecessary relative to the motor bin Space forms an aerated area, adjusts storehouse to cool down the electricity with by flowing into the cold air of the aerated area.
Further, it is to weld or be integrally formed that the electricity adjusts being fixedly connected between storehouse and the interlude;With/ Or, the motor bin and it is described electricity adjust storehouse between when being fixedly connected weld or be integrally formed.
Beneficial effect:
The VTOL fixed-wing unmanned plane that the utility model is provided, lift or resistance are produced by the first and second rotors Power, by the first cantilever and the second cantilever action on fixed-wing such that it is able to reform the landing pattern of fixed-wing unmanned plane;Tool For body, when taking off, aircraft can be drawn high by certain altitude by landing structure, in the dynamic structure carried by it, Horizontal thrust is produced, is pulled aircraft to slide in the air and is taken off, into stabilized flight;When declining, by the first and second rotors The resistance of generation pulls fuselage from eminence, and stabilization declines, until stabilization landing, it is to avoid fuselage and take that fuselage hard landing is caused The damage of load equipment, greatly reduces the risk of landing accident;So as to significantly simplify its landing operation required for hardware and Software condition, for example, overcome the limitation of landing geographical environment, or ejection device demand.
On the other hand, to hand throwing type fixed-wing unmanned plane, the people of professional training can be substituted by autonomous VTOL Member is thrown by hand and is taken off, and reduces take off difficulty and the complexity of such special type;By vertical landing, slowly fall Ground, lifts the safety and stability of landing.
Further, in big voyage fixed wing aircraft flight, during if there is power failure stall, can be by fixation The wing ensures that unmanned plane does not fall, and for relatively expensive fixed-wing unmanned plane and airborne equipment, security is substantially improved.While energy Enough, the style of shooting of highly effective supplement optimization fixed-wing unmanned plane, is to refer to be hovered when needing, and is shot, and is carried Shooting efficiency is risen.
A kind of VTOL fixed-wing unmanned plane that the utility model is provided, bag is divided into by the fuselage that hand is thrown unmanned plane Include:It is attached by the connected mode of detachable connection between interlude, the first side section and tow side section, and three sections, with This constitutes a dismountable fuselage of structure, so that when local damage occurs in the fuselage that hand throws unmanned plane, can correspond to Dismounting occur damage position repaired, it is simple, convenient.And when the local of fuselage cannot repair because occurring damaging When, it is also possible to the position that corresponding dismounting cannot be repaired, i.e., the position that cannot be repaired is substituted, overcome existing skill Because fuselage is using integrated global design in art, and when causing that fuselage local damage occur cannot repair, it has to more hand-off throwing The technological deficiency of the whole fuselage of unmanned plane, significantly reduces maintenance cost.Meanwhile, by the fuselage two that unmanned plane is thrown in hand Side sets the cantilever of VTOL, changes the landing pattern of fixed wing aircraft, significantly simplifies landing operation, and landing thing is greatly reduced Therefore incidence.Meanwhile, a kind of VTOL fixed-wing unmanned plane that the utility model is provided is additionally provided with the bottom in camera lens storehouse Flexo cushion, such VTOL fixed-wing unmanned plane is carried out by flexo cushion with ground first when being landed Contact, and good cushioning effect is served to the contact on camera lens storehouse and ground by the flexible resilient of flexo cushion, Camera lens storehouse is served and is effectively protected, it is therefore prevented that camera lens storehouse caused to collide or pressed with ground directly contact in camera lens storehouse Damage.
Brief description of the drawings
In order to illustrate more clearly of the utility model embodiment or technical scheme of the prior art, below will be to embodiment Needed for the accompanying drawing to be used be briefly described, it should be apparent that, drawings in the following description are only of the present utility model Some embodiments, for those of ordinary skill in the art, on the premise of not paying creative work, can also be according to this A little accompanying drawings obtain other accompanying drawings.
The VTOL fixed-wing unmanned plane overall structure diagram that Fig. 1 is provided for the utility model embodiment;
Fig. 2 is the top view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the right view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is the left view of Fig. 1;
The another overall structure diagram of the VTOL fixed-wing unmanned plane that Fig. 5 is provided for the utility model embodiment;
Fig. 6 is the structure enlarged diagram of power source in Fig. 5;
The structured flowchart of the middle circuit control system part that Fig. 7 is provided for the utility model embodiment;
Fig. 8 is the overall structure diagram after handling door of being dismantled in Fig. 1;
Fig. 9 is the structural representation at convergence end in Fig. 4;
Brief description of the drawings:
Fuselage -1, interlude -11, the first side section -12, tow side section -13;
Tail -2, empennage -21, support bar -22, the first trapezoidal plate -211, the second trapezoidal plate -212, fixing end -221 are torn open Unload end -222, shaft -223;
Power source -3, electricity adjusts storehouse -31, and motor bin -32, electricity adjusts -33, motor -34, rotor -35, aerated area -36;
Camera lens storehouse -4, head -41, warehouse -42, afterbody -43, loading hatch -421, handling door -422, connection end -431 are received Hold back end -432;
Cushion pad 5;
First cantilever 61, the first rotor -611,612;Second cantilever 62, the second rotor 621,622.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the utility model embodiment, the technical scheme in the utility model embodiment is carried out Clearly and completely describe, it is clear that described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the utility model, rather than whole Embodiment.Based on the embodiment in the utility model, the every other embodiment that those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained all belongs to In the scope of the utility model protection;"and/or" keyword wherein involved in this implementation, represent and or two kinds of situations, change Sentence is talked about, and A and/or B mentioned by the utility model embodiment illustrate A and B, two kinds of situations of A or B, describe A and B and are deposited Three kinds of states, such as A and/or B, represent:Only including A does not include B;Only including B does not include A;Including A and B.
Meanwhile, in the utility model embodiment, when component is referred to as " being fixed on " another component, it can be directly another On one component or can also there is component placed in the middle.When a component is considered as " connection " another component, it can be It is directly connected to another component or may be simultaneously present component placed in the middle.When component be considered as " being arranged at " another Component, it can be set directly on another component or may be simultaneously present component placed in the middle.The utility model embodiment Used in term " vertical ", " level ", "left", "right" and similar statement be merely for purposes of illustration, not It is intended to limit the utility model.
A kind of VTOL fixed-wing unmanned plane, it is characterised in that including:Fixed-wing unmanned aerial vehicle body and VTOL Structure;The VTOL structure includes:
First cantilever 61 and it is arranged on first rotor 611 and 612 at the two ends of the first cantilever 61;
Second cantilever 62 and it is arranged on second rotor 621 and 622 at the two ends of the second cantilever 62;
First cantilever 61 and second cantilever 62 are separately fixed on the fixed-wing of fixed-wing unmanned plane.
Wherein, first rotor (611 and 612) and second rotor (621 and 622) operating produces lift or resistance Power, pulls fixed-wing unmanned aerial vehicle body to rise, decline or hovers.
Specifically, when taking off, aircraft can be drawn high by certain altitude by landing structure, what is carried by it Dynamic structure, produces horizontal thrust, pulls aircraft to slide in the air and takes off, into stabilized flight;When declining, by the first He The lift and resistance that second rotor is produced pull fuselage from eminence, and stabilization declines, until stabilization landing, it is to avoid fuselage hard landing The damage of the fuselage and carrying equipment that cause, greatly reduces the risk of landing accident.
On the other hand, fixed-wing is in flight course, during failure stall, the resistance energy produced by the first and second rotors It is enough strictly to avoid the decline of fuselage and fall, flight safety is improved, reduce the loss of expensive fuselage and carrying equipment.Together When, it is also possible to when shooting, hovered, deep shooting is carried out for some special scenes or object, improved shooting Effect.
Further, the VTOL structure also includes:Independent power source;
The independent power source is separately positioned in first cantilever and second cantilever, and described first is driven respectively In rotor and second rotor;That is the power source of VTOL structure and the power source of aircraft is separate, independently executes dynamic Power is operated, and efficiency high is highly reliable.
Or first rotor and second rotor, connect the driving power of bi-motor hand throwing type fixed-wing unmanned plane Source.I.e. VTOL structure shares the power source of unmanned plane, can reduce fuselage weight, is easy to unified management.
VTOL fixed-wing unmanned plane, by by hand throw unmanned plane fuselage be divided at least include three sections, and three sections it Between be attached by the connected mode of detachable connection, a dismountable fuselage of internal structure is constituted with this, so make When local damage occurs in the fuselage that proper hand throws unmanned plane, corresponding can remove the position for occurring damaging and be repaired, operate Simply, conveniently.And when the part of fuselage is when occurring to be repaired damaging, it is also possible to the portion that corresponding dismounting cannot be repaired Position, i.e., substituted the position that cannot be repaired, and is overcome in the prior art because fuselage is using integrated global design, and During so that fuselage local damage occur and cannot repair, it has to the technological deficiency of the more hand-off whole fuselage for throwing unmanned plane, greatly Reduce maintenance cost.Meanwhile, a kind of VTOL fixed-wing unmanned plane that the utility model embodiment is provided is in camera lens storehouse Bottom be provided with flexo cushion, such VTOL fixed-wing unmanned plane when being landed, first by flexible buffer Pad is contacted with ground, and camera lens storehouse is served very well with the contact on ground by the flexible resilient of flexo cushion Cushioning effect, camera lens storehouse is served and is effectively protected, it is therefore prevented that camera lens storehouse caused with ground directly contact in camera lens storehouse Collision or crushing.
Specifically, Fig. 1-2 is referred to, the VTOL fixed-wing unmanned plane includes:Fuselage 1, tail 2, power source 3rd, camera lens storehouse 4 and flexo cushion 5.Below, by fuselage 1, tail 2, power source 3, camera lens storehouse 4 and flexo cushion 5 by One elaborates, to support technical problem to be solved in the utility model.
For fuselage 1,
Please continue to refer to Fig. 1-2, during in order that local damage occurring in the fuselage of proper VTOL fixed-wing unmanned plane, energy Enough corresponding positions for occurring damaging of removing are repaired, while when the part of fuselage is when occurring to be repaired damaging, The position that be able to cannot be repaired with corresponding dismounting, i.e., substituted the position that cannot be repaired.Preferably, the fuselage 1 can at least include:Interlude 11, the first side section 12 and tow side section 13.And the both sides of the interlude 11 (can be understood as It is the left and right sides of the interlude 11 shown in Fig. 2) it is corresponding detachable with first side section and the tow side section respectively Formula is connected, and the interlude is located between first side section and the tow side section.That is, the left side of interlude 11 and the Side 12 detachable connections of section, right side and the detachable connection of tow side section 13 of interlude 11.In the middle of being so capable of achieving Can arbitrarily be dismantled between the 11, first side of section section 12 and the three of tow side section 13, with maintenance operation simply and easily feature.
First cantilever 61, first cantilever 61 is fixed in the first side section 12, and sets the first rotor at two ends 611,612 and the first power set for being attached thereto;Second cantilever 62, second cantilever 62 is fixed on the tow side section On 13, and the second rotor 621,622 and the second power set being attached thereto are set at two ends.So as to form VTOL Dynamic structure, forms the dynamic structure of rise and fall.
When taking off, rotated by 611,612 and the second rotor of the first rotor 621,622 and form lifting power, pulled Fuselage 1 rises;To certain altitude, power source 3 is operated, and pulls the horizontal flight of fuselage 1.
During decline, rotated by 611,612 and the second rotor of the first rotor 621,622 and form decline power, form steady Fixed reliable down maneuver, stabilization landing.
For tail 2,
Refer to Fig. 1-2 and combine shown in Fig. 3-4, it is whole during VTOL fixed-wing unmanned plane during flying in order to ensure Machine stability so that the barycentre steadiness of fuselage 1.Tail 2 is fixed on the centre of the interlude 11 in the utility model embodiment Position, can interlude 11 as shown in Figure 2 rear middle part.
Further, tail 2 at least includes:Empennage 21 and support bar 22.Wherein, empennage 21 includes the first trapezoidal plate 211 With the second trapezoidal plate 212.Support bar 22 includes fixing end 221, dismounting end 222 and shaft 223.
Specifically, can as shown in the figures 1 and 2, fixing end 221, dismounting end 222 can be understood as two of shaft 223 it is right Vertical end.That is, fixing end 221 is shaft 223 near one end of fuselage 1 so that shaft 223 is by fixing end 221 and interlude 11 It is fixedly connected;Dismounting end 222 is shaft 223 near one end of tail 2 so that shaft 223 can with tail 2 by dismantling end 222 Detachable is fixedly connected.Certainly, in the utility model embodiment, empennage 21 includes the first trapezoidal plate 211 and the second trapezoidal plate 212, the side and the one side at the dismounting end 222 for also allowing for first trapezoidal plate 211 (can be understood as shown in Fig. 2 The dismounting end 222 the left side) detachable connection, the side of second trapezoidal plate 212 is another with the dismounting end 222 The detachable connection that (can be understood as the right at the dismounting end 222 shown in Fig. 2) on one side.By the side being detachably connected Formula causes between the first trapezoidal plate 211, the second trapezoidal plate 212 and dismounting end 222 to be detachably easy to the assembling of tail 2, maintenance letter Folk prescription is just.
It is noted that in the utility model embodiment, the angle of the first trapezoidal plate 211 and the second trapezoidal plate 212 It is acute angle so that the V-shaped structure of the empennage being made up of first trapezoidal plate 211 and second trapezoidal plate 212.Because Tail of the prior art uses the design form of the tail of falling T or T tails, however, the tail of falling T this structure (support bar and level Empennage at grade) such that the rudder face performance of tailplane is highly prone to flow through the interference of main wing air-flow, while T tails Design structure can be higher for the strength of structural materials requirement of afterbody, that is, have to increase weight, and empennage on tail The structure designed in T tails also causes VTOL fixed-wing unmanned plane when low speed is turned, the easy disorderly gas because flowing through main wing Flow and cause the stall of tailplane or lose rudder face effect.And the utility model embodiment provide by first trapezoidal plate 211 and the vee tail 21 of V-shaped structure that constitutes of second trapezoidal plate 212, simple structure is lightweight, and efficiency is better than tradition The tail of falling T and T tails, and the resistance of empennage 21 of V stern constructions it is small, landing do not allow it is fragile, special Do be applied to small turning demand nothing Man-machine (such as VTOL fixed-wing unmanned plane), turning energy management is more advantageous.
Certainly, in order to reasonably determine the number of degrees of angle between the first trapezoidal plate 211 and the second trapezoidal plate 212, and in reality Size in the operation process of border more flexibly to angle between the first trapezoidal plate 211 and the second trapezoidal plate 212 carries out adaptability Connection between adjustment, the first trapezoidal plate 211 and the second trapezoidal plate 212 and dismounting end 222 can be flexibly connected.That is, pass through The mode of flexible connection causes that the first trapezoidal plate 211 and the second trapezoidal plate 212 may be rotated relative to shaft 223, and then Adjust the size of angle between the first trapezoidal plate 211 and the second trapezoidal plate 212.Between first trapezoidal plate 211 and dismounting end 222 It is flexibly connected, the flexible connection between the second trapezoidal plate 212 and dismounting end 222 can be bearing pin connection, chain connection or axle Hold other connected modes such as connection.
For the part of power source 3,
In the utility model embodiment, power source 3 is fixed on interlude 11, can think vertical as shown in the figures 1 and 2 The flight of landing fixed-wing unmanned plane provides power.Certainly, in order in reducing VTOL fixed-wing unmanned plane take-off process Boosting thrust, the departure time of shortening vertical landing fixed-wing unmanned plane, and improve VTOL fixed-wing unmanned plane during flying mistake Flight speed in journey.The quantity of power source 3 can in the VTOL fixed-wing unmanned plane that the utility model embodiment is provided To be two, and the symmetrical left and right sides for being distributed in interlude 11 of two power sources 3.It should be noted that two power sources 3 For the flight of VTOL fixed-wing unmanned plane provides power, it sets other positions such as the first side that position can be fuselage 1 Section 12 or tow side section 13.But, because the fuselage 1 of VTOL fixed-wing unmanned plane is subjected in many ways in flight course To pressure, such as self gravitation, wind direction resistance, stream pressure, its own bears limited pressure.It is fixed on when by power source 3 When in the first side section 12 or tow side section 13, easily increase the carrying pressure of the first side section 12 or tow side section 13 in fuselage 1 Power, influences the stationarity of whole machine flight, it could even be possible to there is the accident of the first side section 12 or the fracture of tow side section 13.Cause This, in the utility model embodiment, by the symmetrical left and right sides being distributed on interlude 11 of two power sources 3, effectively The having a smooth flight property of whole machine is improve, while the first side section 12 or tow side section 13 are because carrying pressure is overweight in also prevent The generation of caused fracture accident.
Certainly, it is obvious to one skilled in the art that the quantitative design of power source 3 is into 2, and 2 power sources 3 pairs The left and right sides for being distributed in interlude 11 for claiming only is a kind of implementation of the utility model embodiment, is not limited to.It is actual In operating process, according to the actual requirements, increase or reduce remaining power after the quantity of power source 3, and increase or reduction Source 3 is evenly distributed in the technical scheme on interlude 11, may also apply to the utility model.
Further, Fig. 5, Fig. 6 and Fig. 7 are referred in the lump incorporated by reference to Fig. 2, the power source 3 can at least include:Electricity adjusts storehouse 31 and motor bin 32.Wherein, the electricity adjusts storehouse 31 to be built-in with electricity and adjusts 33, and it is in hollow tubular that the electricity adjusts storehouse, and is fixed on institute State on interlude 11.The motor bin 32 is built-in with motor 34, and the motor bin 32 adjusts the shape in storehouse 31 mutually to fit with the electricity Match somebody with somebody, also in hollow tubular, and adjust storehouse 31 to be fixedly connected with the electricity.Need it is noted that the inside of the motor bin 32 is empty Between and the electricity adjust the inner space in storehouse 31 to communicate, be easy to the motor 34 to be adjusted with the electricity and 33 be connected.
Wherein, the inner space of the motor bin 32 and the electricity adjust the inner space in storehouse 31 to communicate, it can be understood as electricity The end of cabin 32 adjusts the end in storehouse 31 to be connected by the way of end-to-end with the electricity, can be as shown in Figure 2, so that motor Storehouse 32 and electricity adjust storehouse 31 to form a hollow tubular for entirety.It is the most key, in the utility model embodiment, the electricity The nozzle bore in storehouse 31 is adjusted more than the nozzle bore of the motor bin 32 so that the inner space of the motor bin 32 and the electricity When adjusting the inner space in storehouse 31 to be mutually connected, it is logical that the electricity adjusts the inner space unnecessary relative to the motor bin 32 of storehouse 31 to form one Wind region 36.Can be as shown in fig. 6, the aerated area 36 includes one towards the air inlet of heading and one towards tail 2 The air outlet in direction.So cause VTOL fixed-wing unmanned plane in flight course, extraneous air-flow is by aerated area 36 Air inlet enter, flow through electricity adjust storehouse 31 inner space after and from air outlet outflow, to realize by flowing into the plenum area The cold air in domain 36 adjusts the inner space (including electricity adjusts 33) in storehouse to cool down to the electricity, is effectively prevented VTOL and consolidates Wing unmanned plane is determined in flight course, and the persistent fever because of the electricity 33 long-term live line works of tune in electricity tune storehouse 31 finally causes electricity Adjust the interior space temperature in storehouse 31 too high and burn the technological deficiency that electricity adjusts 33.
Further, the circuit control system part inside VTOL fixed-wing unmanned plane can be as shown in Figure 7.Electricity is adjusted 33 are also connected with the flight control system 37 inside the fuselage 1, and flight control system 37 is entered with the ground remote control device 38 on ground Row signal transmission, and then control instruction is sent to flight control system 37 by from ground remote control device 38, and by flight control System 37 controls electricity to adjust 33 drive motors 34 to be rotated, and the final rotor 35 for realizing that control is fixed on motor 34 is revolved Turn.Realize the flight operation of VTOL fixed-wing unmanned plane.
It is significant to note that, in the utility model embodiment, in order to ensure motor 34 and the normal fortune of rotor 35 OK, the technological deficiency for causing motor 34 that rotor 35 cannot be driven to be rotated because of the failure of electricity tune 33 is prevented.Preferably, The quantity of electricity tune 33 can be multiple, such as 2,3 or 4.And all of electricity adjust 33 by automatic transfer switch with Motor 34 is connected.Under normal circumstances, motor 34 adjusts 33 to be connected by automatic transfer switch with an electricity, then by being attached thereto Electricity adjust the normal operation of 33 controlled motor 34.Under abnormal condition, i.e. when the electricity being connected with motor 34 adjusts 33 to break down, Now switched to motor 34 by automatic transfer switch adjusts 33 to be connected with next normal electricity.And then ensure motor 34 and 35 Normal operation.For traditional VTOL fixed-wing unmanned plane, what the utility model embodiment was provided vertically rises Drop fixed-wing unmanned plane has that security performance is high, high-time feature.
Operation principle with multiple electricity tune 33 and a motor 34 is identical, in the utility model embodiment, flight control System 37 can also be multiple, such as 2,3 or 4.And all of flight control system 37 is also by an automatic switchover Switch adjusts 33 to be connected with an electricity.Under normal circumstances, electricity adjusts 33 to be connected with a flight control system by automatic transfer switch, Then the flight control system 37 by being attached thereto controls electricity to adjust 33 normal operations.Under abnormal condition, i.e. adjust 33 institutes with electricity When the flight control system 37 of connection breaks down, electricity tune 33 is switched to by automatic transfer switch now normal with next Flight control system 37 connect.And then ensure that electricity adjusts the normal operation of 33 and flight control system 37.Certainly, art technology Personnel are being used it is to be clearly understood that in the utility model embodiment, can also be combined above two connected mode While multiple electricity adjust 33 to be connected with motor 34 by an automatic transfer switch, each electricity adjusts 33 also to be cut automatically by one Change switch to be connected with multiple flight control systems 37, and then further increase the security of VTOL fixed-wing unmanned plane Energy.Lead between electricity tune 33 and motor 34 by the switching principle of automatic transfer switch, between flight control system 37 and electricity tune 33 The switching principle for crossing automatic transfer switch has been prior art, and here is omitted.
For camera lens storehouse 5,
Fig. 3, Fig. 4 and Fig. 8 are referred to, the bottom of the interlude 11 is fixed in the camera lens storehouse 4.The camera lens storehouse 4 to Can include less:Head 41, warehouse 42 and afterbody 43.One end of the warehouse 42 and the detachable connection of the head 41, and Offer a loading hatch 421 on the warehouse 42, and have a handling door 422, the handling with the loading hatch 421 matches Door 422 and the detachable connection of the loading hatch 421, with the unlatching by the handling door 422 relative to the loading hatch 421 Or close and load and unload device in the warehouse 42.Meanwhile, the afterbody 43 includes connection end 431 and convergence end 432, can be such as figure Shown in 9.The other end detachable connection that the afterbody 43 passes through the connection end 431 and the warehouse 42, and the connection Bore of the bore at end 431 more than the convergence end 432 so that the afterbody 43 is postponed to the receipts by the connection end 431 Bore on the direction at end 432 is held back to be gradually reduced.
Wherein, in camera lens storehouse 5 by way of head 41, warehouse 42 and the three of afterbody 43 are used into detachable connection It is attached so that when local damage occurs in camera lens storehouse 5, corresponding can removes the position for occurring damaging and be repaired, grasps Make simple, convenient.And when the part in camera lens storehouse 5 is when occurring to be repaired damaging, it is also possible to corresponding dismounting cannot be repaired Position, i.e., the position that cannot be repaired is substituted, overcome camera lens storehouse 5 using integrated global design, and make When fuselage local damage must occur and cannot repair, it has to change the technological deficiency in whole camera lens storehouse 5, significantly reduce maintenance Cost.And the load mode matched by loading hatch 421 and handling door 422 so that needs load and unload device in camera lens storehouse 5 When, it is only necessary to open the operation of handling door 422.Operational sequence greatly is shortened, operating efficiency is improve.
On the other hand, the bottom in the camera lens storehouse 4 is additionally provided with a flexo cushion 5, and the flexo cushion 5 can be One has spring function rubber blanket, or an air cushion filled with compressed air so that fixed in the VTOL When wing unmanned plane lands, flexo cushion 5 is contacted with ground at first, and by the flexible resilient of flexo cushion 5 to camera lens storehouse 5 Serve good cushioning effect with the contact on ground, camera lens storehouse served and is effectively protected, it is therefore prevented that camera lens storehouse with Ground directly contact and to camera lens storehouse cause collision or crushing.
Finally, it is necessary to illustrate, in the utility model embodiment provides VTOL fixed-wing unmanned plane, shaft Being fixedly connected between 223 and the interlude 11, electricity adjust being fixedly connected between storehouse 31 and interlude 11, motor bin 32 and electricity Being fixedly connected between tune storehouse 31 may each be welding or be integrally formed.All of detachable connection can be bolt connection Or bonding.
Beneficial effect:
The VTOL fixed-wing unmanned plane that the utility model is provided, lift or resistance are produced by the first and second rotors Power, by the first cantilever and the second cantilever action on fixed-wing such that it is able to reform the landing pattern of fixed-wing unmanned plane;Tool For body, when taking off, aircraft can be drawn high by certain altitude by landing structure, in the dynamic structure carried by it, Horizontal thrust is produced, is pulled aircraft to slide in the air and is taken off, into stabilized flight;When declining, by the first and second rotors The resistance of generation pulls fuselage from eminence, and stabilization declines, until stabilization landing, it is to avoid fuselage and take that fuselage hard landing is caused The damage of load equipment, greatly reduces the risk of landing accident;So as to significantly simplify its landing operation required for hardware and Software condition, for example, overcoming the limitation of landing geographical environment.
On the other hand, to hand throwing type fixed-wing unmanned plane, professional training can be substituted by autonomous VTOL Personnel are thrown by hand and are taken off, and reduce take off difficulty and the complexity of such special type;By vertical landing, slowly Landing, lifts the safety and stability of landing.
Further, in big voyage fixed wing aircraft flight, during if there is power failure stall, can be by fixation The wing ensures that unmanned plane does not fall, and for relatively expensive fixed-wing unmanned plane and airborne equipment, security is substantially improved.While energy Enough, the style of shooting of highly effective supplement optimization fixed-wing unmanned plane, is to refer to be hovered when needing, and is shot, and is carried Shooting efficiency is risen.
A kind of VTOL fixed-wing unmanned plane that the utility model is provided, bag is divided into by the fuselage that hand is thrown unmanned plane Include:It is attached by the connected mode of detachable connection between interlude, the first side section and tow side section, and three sections, with This constitutes a dismountable fuselage of structure, so that when local damage occurs in the fuselage that hand throws unmanned plane, can correspond to Dismounting occur damage position repaired, it is simple, convenient.And when the local of fuselage cannot repair because occurring damaging When, it is also possible to the position that corresponding dismounting cannot be repaired, i.e., the position that cannot be repaired is substituted, overcome existing skill Because fuselage is using integrated global design in art, and when causing that fuselage local damage occur cannot repair, it has to more hand-off throwing The technological deficiency of the whole fuselage of unmanned plane, significantly reduces maintenance cost.Meanwhile, by the fuselage two that unmanned plane is thrown in hand Side sets the cantilever of VTOL, changes the landing pattern of fixed wing aircraft, significantly simplifies landing operation, and landing thing is greatly reduced Therefore incidence.Meanwhile, a kind of VTOL fixed-wing unmanned plane that the utility model is provided is additionally provided with the bottom in camera lens storehouse Flexo cushion, such VTOL fixed-wing unmanned plane is carried out by flexo cushion with ground first when being landed Contact, and good cushioning effect is served to the contact on camera lens storehouse and ground by the flexible resilient of flexo cushion, Camera lens storehouse is served and is effectively protected, it is therefore prevented that camera lens storehouse caused to collide or pressed with ground directly contact in camera lens storehouse Damage.
Although having been described for preferred embodiment of the present utility model, those skilled in the art once know substantially Creative concept, then can make other change and modification to these embodiments.So, appended claims are intended to be construed to bag Include preferred embodiment and fall into having altered and changing for the utility model scope.
Obviously, those skilled in the art can carry out various changes and modification without deviating from this practicality to the utility model New spirit and scope.So, if it is of the present utility model these modification and modification belong to the utility model claim and Within the scope of its equivalent technologies, then the utility model is also intended to comprising these changes and modification.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of VTOL fixed-wing unmanned plane, it is characterised in that including:Fixed-wing unmanned aerial vehicle body and VTOL knot Structure;The VTOL structure includes:
First cantilever and it is arranged on first rotor at the first cantilever two ends;
Second cantilever and it is arranged on second rotor at the second cantilever two ends;
First cantilever and second cantilever are separately fixed on the fixed-wing of fixed-wing unmanned plane;
Wherein, first rotor and second rotor operating produces lift or resistance, pulls fixed-wing unmanned aerial vehicle body Rise, decline or hover.
2. VTOL fixed-wing unmanned plane as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the VTOL structure is also wrapped Include:Independent power source;
The independent power source is separately positioned in first cantilever and second cantilever, and first rotor is driven respectively In second rotor;
Or first rotor and second rotor, connect the driving power source of bi-motor hand throwing type fixed-wing unmanned plane.
3. VTOL fixed-wing unmanned plane as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that the VTOL fixed-wing nobody Machine fuselage includes:
Interlude;
First side section;
Tow side section, wherein, the both sides of the interlude are corresponding removable with first side section and the tow side section respectively Formula connection is unloaded, and the interlude is located between first side section and the tow side section;
Tail, the tail is fixed on the interlude;
At least one power source, the power source is fixed on the interlude, and to provide power, and the interlude is located at institute State between tail and the power source;
Camera lens storehouse, the camera lens storehouse is fixed on the interlude, and is provided with flexo cushion on the camera lens storehouse so that When the VTOL fixed-wing unmanned plane lands, the camera lens storehouse is isolated with ground by the flexo cushion.
4. VTOL fixed-wing unmanned plane as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that the tail includes:
Empennage;
Support bar, the support bar includes:
Fixing end;
Dismounting end;
Shaft, the symmetrical both sides for being distributed in the shaft of the fixing end and the dismounting end, and the shaft are by described Fixing end is fixedly connected with the interlude, and the shaft is by the dismounting end and the empennage detachable connection.
5. VTOL fixed-wing unmanned plane as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that the empennage includes:
First trapezoidal plate, side and the dismounting end detachable connection of first trapezoidal plate;
Second trapezoidal plate, side and the dismounting end detachable connection of second trapezoidal plate;
Wherein, the angle of the first trapezoidal plate and second trapezoidal plate is acute angle so that by first trapezoidal plate and described The V-shaped structure of the empennage that two trapezoidal plates are constituted.
6. the VTOL fixed-wing unmanned plane as described in claim 4 or 5, it is characterised in that;
Being fixedly connected between the shaft and the interlude is to weld or be integrally formed.
7. VTOL fixed-wing unmanned plane as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that;
The quantity of the power source is 2, and 2 power sources are symmetrically fixed on the both sides of the interlude so that one is moved At first side section with the connecting portion of the interlude, another power source is located at the tow side section and institute in power source State at the connecting portion of interlude.
8. VTOL fixed-wing unmanned plane as claimed in claim 7, it is characterised in that the power source includes:
Electricity adjusts storehouse, and the electricity adjusts storehouse to be built-in with electric tune, and it is in hollow tubular that the electricity adjusts storehouse, and is fixed on the interlude;
Motor bin, the motor bin is built-in with motor, and the motor bin is in hollow tubular, and adjusts storehouse to fix company with the electricity Connect, and the inner space of the motor bin and the electricity adjust the inner space in storehouse to communicate so that the motor is adjusted with the electricity and connected Connect, and rotated by the rotor that the electricity regulation and control system is fixed on the motor.
9. VTOL fixed-wing unmanned plane as claimed in claim 8, it is characterised in that:
The electricity adjusts the nozzle bore in storehouse more than the nozzle bore of the motor bin so that the inner space of the motor bin and institute When the inner space for stating electricity tune storehouse is mutually connected, the electricity is adjusted the storehouse inner space unnecessary relative to the motor bin to form one and is divulged information Region, adjusts storehouse to cool down the electricity with by flowing into the cold air of the aerated area.
10. VTOL fixed-wing unmanned plane as claimed in claim 8 or 9, it is characterised in that:
It is to weld or be integrally formed that the electricity adjusts being fixedly connected between storehouse and the interlude;
And/or,
Being welded when being fixedly connected between the motor bin and the electricity tune storehouse is integrally formed.
CN201621190859.4U 2016-10-28 2016-10-28 VTOL fixed-wing unmanned plane Expired - Fee Related CN206243476U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621190859.4U CN206243476U (en) 2016-10-28 2016-10-28 VTOL fixed-wing unmanned plane

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107933917A (en) * 2017-12-03 2018-04-20 佛山市神风航空科技有限公司 A kind of cargo transport aircraft
CN109533304A (en) * 2018-10-19 2019-03-29 上海交通大学 Have both rotor, fixed-wing offline mode single machine rotor aircraft and mode switching method
CN111619797A (en) * 2020-06-05 2020-09-04 中国科学院长春光学精密机械与物理研究所 Compound many rotors unmanned vehicles and wing connecting device

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107933917A (en) * 2017-12-03 2018-04-20 佛山市神风航空科技有限公司 A kind of cargo transport aircraft
CN109533304A (en) * 2018-10-19 2019-03-29 上海交通大学 Have both rotor, fixed-wing offline mode single machine rotor aircraft and mode switching method
CN109533304B (en) * 2018-10-19 2021-09-17 上海交通大学 Single-wing aircraft with rotor wing and fixed wing flight modes and mode switching method
CN111619797A (en) * 2020-06-05 2020-09-04 中国科学院长春光学精密机械与物理研究所 Compound many rotors unmanned vehicles and wing connecting device

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