CN206218223U - A kind of polymorphic unmanned plane - Google Patents

A kind of polymorphic unmanned plane Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206218223U
CN206218223U CN201621076684.4U CN201621076684U CN206218223U CN 206218223 U CN206218223 U CN 206218223U CN 201621076684 U CN201621076684 U CN 201621076684U CN 206218223 U CN206218223 U CN 206218223U
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China
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unmanned plane
fixed
main frame
polymorphic
arm
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CN201621076684.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张智鑫
张宇坤
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Guangdong Sky Education Technology Co Ltd
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Guangdong Sky Education Technology Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model provides a kind of polymorphic unmanned plane, including:Power unit, slave arm, horn fixture, main frame arm and fuselage connector, two slave arm parallel intervals are set, main frame arm is fixed between two slave arms by horn fixture, fuselage connector is fixed on the center of main frame arm, buckle is provided with the fuselage connector, four power units are separately mounted to two rear and front ends of slave arm, and the structure of four power units is identical, including rotor, brushless electric machine and motor steering axle.This polymorphic unmanned plane uses simple external member assembling mode, it is only necessary to simple to change flight external member, is capable of achieving conversion of the unmanned plane in the various forms such as many rotors, fixed-wing, dirigible.The utility model additionally provides a kind of polymorphic UAV Flight Control method, by controlling four power units in foregoing unmanned plane, realizes the accurate flying of unmanned plane.

Description

A kind of polymorphic unmanned plane
Technical field
The invention belongs to unmanned air vehicle technique field, and in particular to a kind of polymorphic unmanned plane.
Background technology
Unmanned plane application field is more and more extensive, but traditional unmanned plane form, there are respective advantage and disadvantage, many rotors Flexibility is high, can VTOL but cruising time it is short;Fixed-wing cruising time is long, and flying speed is fast, and speed is cruised big face soon Product regional nature is advantage, but for small range application, the too high speed of a ship or plane is using making troubles, it is impossible to which VTOL is also limited Its application is made.Helicopter cruising time is slightly long, can VTOL, but its main axle structure is excessively complicated, and maintenance difficulties are big.
Traditional aircraft such as using change angle of sweep, becomes camber method, with suitable using the method for changing wing profile The different state of flights such as landing, cruise and high-speed flight are answered, makes every effort to obtain more satisfactory performance.But this method mechanism is answered It is miscellaneous, function limitation, less efficient, it is difficult to adapt to the requirement of wider range flight environment of vehicle conversion (such as speed, weather, height), Traditional unmanned plane is caused to be of limited application.
The content of the invention
To solve the deficiencies in the prior art, the invention provides a kind of polymorphic unmanned plane, user can be in difference Occasion the unmanned plane of different shape is assembled into using different matching components, reduce use cost, obtain application effect higher Rate.
To realize above-mentioned technical proposal, the invention provides a kind of polymorphic unmanned plane, including:Power unit, slave arm, Horn fixture, main frame arm and fuselage connector, two slave arm parallel intervals are set, and main frame arm is fixed by horn fixture Between two slave arms, fuselage connector is fixed on the center of main frame arm, and buckle, four are provided with the fuselage connector Power unit is separately mounted to two rear and front ends of slave arm, and the center of four power units on main frame arm is in center Symmetrical, the structure of four power units is identical, including rotor, brushless electric machine and motor steering axle, the motor Steering spindle is fixedly connected with slave arm, and quick steering wheel is provided with inside motor steering axle, and brushless electric machine is fixed on motor steering axle Mounting flange on, motor steering axle adjusts direction by quick steering wheel, and rotor is fixed on the motor shaft of brushless electric machine.
Preferably, airship envelope is also equipped with the fuselage connector, the afterbody of the airship envelope is provided with mutually Vertical dirigible vertical tail and dirigible tailplane.
Preferably, the afterbody of the airship envelope is additionally provided with air jet system.
Preferably, can also be by the host wing fixing device fixed host computer wing, the host wing on the fuselage connector It is connected with tailplane by connecting rod, vertical tail is vertically mounted on tailplane.
Preferably, the host wing be arranged in parallel with main frame arm.
The beneficial effect of a kind of polymorphic unmanned plane that the present invention is provided is:This polymorphic unmanned plane is using simple set Part assembling mode, it is only necessary to simple to change flight external member, when just can realize boat long, high speed, low speed, high-altitude, low latitude etc. it is various The demand of application field, kit replacement is to be capable of achieving by buckle, simple and easy to apply, be capable of achieving unmanned plane many rotors, fixed-wing, The conversion of the various forms such as dirigible, greatly reduces use cost.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is dimensional structure diagram of the invention.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of dirigible form in the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation I of fixed-wing form in the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation II of fixed-wing form in the present invention.
In figure:1st, power unit;11st, rotor;12nd, brushless electric machine;13rd, motor steering axle;2nd, slave arm;3rd, horn is fixed Part;4th, main frame arm;5th, fuselage connector;51st, buckle;61st, airship envelope;62nd, dirigible vertical tail;63rd, dirigible tailplane; 71st, host wing;72nd, host wing fixing device;73rd, tailplane;74th, vertical tail;75th, connecting rod.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is carried out clear, complete Whole description, it is clear that described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the invention, rather than whole embodiments.Ability The every other embodiment that domain ordinary person is obtained under the premise of creative work is not made, belongs to protection of the invention Scope.
Embodiment 1:A kind of four rotor wing unmanned aerial vehicles.
Shown in reference picture 1, a kind of four rotor wing unmanned aerial vehicle, including:Power unit 1, slave arm 2, horn fixture 3, main frame Arm 4 and fuselage connector 5, two parallel intervals of slave arm 2 are set, and main frame arm 4 is fixed on two slaves by horn fixture 3 Between arm 2, fuselage connector 5 is fixed on the center of main frame arm 4, and buckle 51, four power are provided with the fuselage connector 5 Unit 1 is separately mounted to two rear and front ends of slave arm 2, and the center of four power units 1 on main frame arm 4 is in center Symmetrical, the structure of four power units 1 is identical, including rotor 11, brushless electric machine 12 and motor steering axle 13, institute State motor steering axle 13 to be fixedly connected with slave arm 2, quick steering wheel is installed inside motor steering axle 13, brushless electric machine 12 is fixed In on the mounting flange of motor steering axle 13, motor steering axle 13 adjusts direction by quick steering wheel, and rotor 11 is fixed on nothing On the motor shaft of brush motor 12.
In the present embodiment, using fuselage connector 5 as fuselage, capture apparatus can be installed on fuselage connector 5, then Four motor steering axles 13 of power unit 1 of control fly towards realization, additionally by what is set on fuselage connector 5 Buckle 51 can realize the quick splicing of this four rotor wing unmanned aerial vehicle and other flight components, be capable of achieving unmanned plane in many rotors, solid Determine the conversion of the various forms such as the wing, dirigible, strengthen the conformability of this unmanned plane.
In the present embodiment, the flight of four rotor wing unmanned aerial vehicles is flexibly, easy to control:
When taking off, upward, down, after unmanned plane starts, four rotors are produced two motors two motors simultaneously afterwards before unmanned plane Downward air-flow, unmanned plane takes off under air-flow reaction force;
During advance, the brushless electric machine 12 of rear two accelerates, and promotes unmanned plane to turn forward, and rotor produces component backward, nothing Fly before man-machine;
When flying afterwards, the brushless electric machine 12 of front two accelerates, and promotes unmanned plane to tilt backwards, and rotor produces component forward, nothing Fly after man-machine;
When a left side flies, the brushless electric machine 12 of right two accelerates, and promotes unmanned plane left bank, and rotor produces component to the right, nobody Machine is left to fly;
When the right side flies, the brushless electric machine 12 of left two accelerates, and promotes unmanned plane to be tilted to the right, and rotor produces component to the left, nothing It is man-machine right winged;
Left and right driftage:It is responsible for a left side, diagonal two brushless electric machines 12 of right avertence boat accelerate respectively, the left and right driftage of aircraft.
Embodiment 2:A kind of dirigible unmanned plane.
Shown in reference picture 2, a kind of dirigible unmanned plane, including:Power unit 1, slave arm 2, horn fixture 3, main frame arm 4 With fuselage connector 5, two parallel intervals of slave arm 2 set, and main frame arm 4 is fixed on two slave arms 2 by horn fixture 3 Between, fuselage connector 5 is fixed on the center of main frame arm 4, and buckle 51, four power lists are provided with the fuselage connector 5 Unit 1 is separately mounted to two rear and front ends of slave arm 2, and the center of four power units 1 on main frame arm 4 is in center pair Claim distribution, the structure of four power units 1 is identical, described including rotor 11, brushless electric machine 12 and motor steering axle 13 Motor steering axle 13 is fixedly connected with slave arm 2, and quick steering wheel is provided with inside motor steering axle 13, and brushless electric machine 12 is fixed on On the mounting flange of motor steering axle 13, motor steering axle 13 adjusts direction by quick steering wheel, and rotor 11 is fixed on brushless On the motor shaft of motor 12, airship envelope 61 is also equipped with the fuselage connector 5, the afterbody of the airship envelope 61 is set The afterbody for having orthogonal dirigible vertical tail 62 and dirigible tailplane 63, the airship envelope 61 is additionally provided with jet dress Put.
In the present embodiment, airship envelope 61 and fuselage connector 5 can realize quick connection by buckle 51, increase dirigible After air bag 61, the lifting capacity of this unmanned plane can be significantly increased, while except flight mould front and rear up and down can be realized Outside formula, the unmanned plane under dirigible form has two kinds of newly-increased offline mode of low-speed mode and fast mode;
Low-speed mode:
Dirigible form low-speed operations pattern can close two power units 1, by the buoyancy of dirigible itself and other two Individual power unit 1 realizes low speed floating flight;
Fast mode:
Switching fast mode when, unmanned plane the first two brushless electric machine 12 by gradually switch to upward forward, pull dirigible nobody Fly before machine, latter two brushless electric machine 12 backwards, promotes unmanned plane to advance by gradually switching to down.Under fast mode, unmanned plane flies The pneumatic structure of ship air bag can again provide a part of lift, and remaining gravity is provided by four vertical components of motor thrust.It is special In the case of different, the air jet system of the afterbody of airship envelope 61 can also be opened, realize very fast flight.
Embodiment 3:A kind of fixed-wing unmanned plane.
Shown in reference picture 3 and Fig. 4, a kind of fixed-wing unmanned plane, including:Power unit 1, slave arm 2, horn fixture 3, Main frame arm 4 and fuselage connector 5, two parallel intervals of slave arm 2 are set, and main frame arm 4 is fixed on two by horn fixture 3 Between slave arm 2, fuselage connector 5 is fixed on the center of main frame arm 4, and buckle 51, four are provided with the fuselage connector 5 Power unit 1 is separately mounted to two rear and front ends of slave arm 2, and the center of four power units 1 on main frame arm 4 is in Central Symmetry is distributed, and the structure of four power units 1 is identical, including rotor 11, brushless electric machine 12 and motor steering axle 13, the motor steering axle 13 is fixedly connected with slave arm 2, and quick steering wheel, brushless electric machine are provided with inside motor steering axle 13 12 are fixed on the mounting flange of motor steering axle 13, and motor steering axle 13 adjusts direction by quick steering wheel, and rotor 11 is consolidated It is scheduled on the motor shaft of brushless electric machine 12, host wing 71 is fixed with by host wing fixing device 72 on the fuselage connector 5, The host wing 71 is connected by connecting rod 75 with tailplane 73, and vertical tail 74 is vertically mounted on tailplane 73.
In the present embodiment, host wing 71 is realized quickly by buckle 51 and host wing fixing device 72 with fuselage connector 5 Connection, after increasing host wing 71, in addition to it can realize offline mode front and rear up and down, can also realize that fixed-wing cruises State is flown:When two brushless electric machines 12 put before unmanned plane gradually turn forward, latter two brushless electric machine 12 gradually retreats Tiltedly, unmanned plane constantly accelerates, and the lift that host wing and empennage are provided in accelerator gradually increases, when the lift that fixed-wing is provided During equal to unmanned plane self gravitation, speed is maximum, then keeps poised state, so as to realize that fixed-wing cruising condition is flown.
The above is presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, but the present invention should not be limited to the embodiment and accompanying drawing institute is public The content opened, so every do not depart from the lower equivalent or modification for completing of spirit disclosed in this invention, both falls within protection of the present invention Scope.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of polymorphic unmanned plane, it is characterised in that including:Power unit, slave arm, horn fixture, main frame arm and fuselage Connector, two slave arm parallel intervals are set, and main frame arm is fixed between two slave arms by horn fixture, and fuselage connects Fitting is fixed on the center of main frame arm, and buckle is provided with the fuselage connector, and four power units are separately mounted to two The rear and front end of slave arm, the center of four power units on main frame arm is centrosymmetric distribution, four power The structure of unit is identical, and including rotor, brushless electric machine and motor steering axle, the motor steering axle is fixed with slave arm and connected Connect, quick steering wheel is installed inside motor steering axle, brushless electric machine is fixed on the mounting flange of motor steering axle, motor turns Direction is adjusted by quick steering wheel to axle, rotor is fixed on the motor shaft of brushless electric machine.
2. polymorphic unmanned plane as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:Dirigible gas is also equipped with the fuselage connector Capsule, the afterbody of the airship envelope is provided with orthogonal dirigible vertical tail and dirigible tailplane.
3. polymorphic unmanned plane as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that:The afterbody of the airship envelope is additionally provided with jet Device.
4. polymorphic unmanned plane as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:Fixed by host wing on the fuselage connector Device is fixed with host wing, and the host wing is connected by connecting rod with tailplane, and vertical tail is vertically mounted on horizontal tail On the wing.
5. polymorphic unmanned plane as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that:The host wing be arranged in parallel with main frame arm.
CN201621076684.4U 2016-09-23 2016-09-23 A kind of polymorphic unmanned plane Active CN206218223U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621076684.4U CN206218223U (en) 2016-09-23 2016-09-23 A kind of polymorphic unmanned plane

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621076684.4U CN206218223U (en) 2016-09-23 2016-09-23 A kind of polymorphic unmanned plane

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2019119556A1 (en) * 2017-12-20 2019-06-27 上海交通大学 Fixed-wing sea-air amphibious aircraft and control method

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2019119556A1 (en) * 2017-12-20 2019-06-27 上海交通大学 Fixed-wing sea-air amphibious aircraft and control method

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