CN205759939U - A kind of horizontal shallow-sand filter - Google Patents

A kind of horizontal shallow-sand filter Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205759939U
CN205759939U CN201620685810.XU CN201620685810U CN205759939U CN 205759939 U CN205759939 U CN 205759939U CN 201620685810 U CN201620685810 U CN 201620685810U CN 205759939 U CN205759939 U CN 205759939U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
tank
catcher
pipe
sand filter
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201620685810.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
邢正来
卞永杰
孙纯忱
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Lucky Machinery Co Ltd Of Maanshan City
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Lucky Machinery Co Ltd Of Maanshan City
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Priority to CN201620685810.XU priority Critical patent/CN205759939U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN205759939U publication Critical patent/CN205759939U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of horizontal shallow-sand filter, belong to medium filter field.It includes the tank body of horizontally set, water inlet pipe, outlet pipe, blow-off pipe, three-way diaphragm valve, water-locator and catcher;Described water inlet pipe and outlet pipe are positioned at the top of tank body;Described water-locator and catcher are the most setting up and down in tank body;Described water inlet pipe is connected with water-locator by three-way diaphragm valve, and outlet pipe connects with catcher;Described blow-off pipe is connected with three-way diaphragm valve;Being provided with gas-washing device in described tank body, gas-washing device includes the water cap being arranged on tank body inner bottom part, and water cap is connected to outside tank body by air purge pipe.This utility model tank body uses horizontally set, compare the design of existing vertical structure, it is highly greatly reduced, its manufacture, installation and maintenance difficulties are little, low cost, improves safety, and horizontal type structure is lower for the manufacture requirements of the water-locator in tank body, catcher, thus simplify their structure, reduce manufacture difficulty.

Description

A kind of horizontal shallow-sand filter
Technical field
This utility model belongs to medium filter field, more particularly, it relates to a kind of horizontal shallow-sand filter.
Background technology
Medium filter, is that one utilizes filter medium to remove each middle float, microorganism and other fine in water Grain, is finally reached reduction water turbidity, a kind of High-cfficiency Filtration equipment of the effect that purifies water.Conventional filtrate has quartz sand, activity Carbon, anthracite, manganese sand etc..Extensively apply to the every profession and trades such as agricultural irrigation, chemical industry, oil, metallurgy.
Shallow-sand filter is the one of medium filter, and it is made up of multiple standard high speed sand cylinder units, sets inside it There are water-locator and the water collector of uniqueness, have the two-way automatic flush valve of uniqueness, may be implemented in multiple marks during normal system runs The individually backwash one by one of quasi high-speed sand cylinder, full auto-programs controls, has backwash water amount little, and equipment is easy for installation, easily In advantages such as operations.Existing shallow-sand filter equipment installs and uses certain limitation, has water-locator and catcher system Making difficulty big, manufacturing cost is high, overhaul of the equipments inconvenience, and filtrate leaks, the shortcomings such as service life is short.
Through retrieval, Chinese Patent Application No. is: 200920180751.0, filing date: the patent on November 22nd, 2009 Document discloses a kind of shallow sand filter, the electric three-way ball valve that including filter cylinder, is connected with filter cylinder by end-cap assembly, filter Pressure difference switch outside Tong, is characterized in that: the top in filter cylinder be water-locator, bottom be that catcher, the inside of filter cylinder are filled with Filler.The shallow sand filter of the program is when automatic continuous filtration, and solid particle is led to by water inlet with oils Organic substance Cross electric three-way ball valve and enter water-locator, enter in filter cylinder, due to quartz sand or the physical characteristic of walnut shell itself, solid Grain and oils and fats Organic substance are trapped within packing layer.Program shallow sand filter passes sequentially through water distribution by the pressure differential of water The a series of filter mechanism of device, filler, catcher thus remove dirty impurities in water and oils Organic substance, and realize secondary cycle Purifying water, but it uses vertical structure, device height is high, and structure is complex, manufactures and installation difficulty is big, and it filters Weak effect, filtrate can leak, and backwash water consumption is big.
And for example, Chinese Patent Application No. is: 201420019168.2, filing date: the patent documentation on January 14th, 2014 Disclosing a kind of shallow-sand filter, this filter includes cylinder, is arranged on the water-distributing device of inner barrel, water inlet pipe, blowdown Pipe, outlet pipe, captation, filter material layer and supporting layer, be arranged on the gas outlet outside cylinder, water inlet pipe, blow down branch, total Pipe, outlet, drain, supporting leg, manhole and the visor being arranged on the wall of cylinder middle and upper part.The water inlet of this shallow-sand filter Sharing a mouth of pipe with blowdown, switched by Valve controlling, the most both saved device fabrication tubing, effluent quality is high, runs dimension Protecting more convenient, after equipment backwash water source is filtered by self, clear water carrys out backwash, it is not necessary to be equipped with backwash water source, backwash source of the gas, single Secondary recoil water consumption is few, can save water source, save device fabrication cost, thus realize sustainable development, meet energy-conserving and environment-protective Theory.But, program shallow-sand filter uses vertical structure, and device height is high, manufactures and installation difficulty is big, operation easier Height, and without backwash source of the gas, backwash effect is poor.
Summary of the invention
1, problem to be solved
All using vertical structure for existing shallow-sand filter, equipment installs and uses certain limitation, has cloth The manufacture difficulty such as hydrophone, catcher is big, manufactures and installation cost is high, and overhaul of the equipments inconvenience, filtrate leaks, short asking in service life Topic, this utility model provides a kind of horizontal shallow-sand filter, uses horizontal type structure, and equipment whole height is low, reduces manufacture, peace Dress and maintenance cost, also simplify the modular construction such as water-locator, catcher, reduces manufacture difficulty, this equipment easy access.
2, technical scheme
For solving the problems referred to above, this utility model adopts the following technical scheme that.
A kind of horizontal shallow-sand filter, including the tank body of horizontally set, water inlet pipe, outlet pipe, blow-off pipe, threeway barrier film Valve, water-locator and catcher;Described water inlet pipe and outlet pipe are positioned at the top of tank body;Described water-locator and catcher are respectively Setting up and down in tank body;Described water inlet pipe is connected with water-locator by three-way diaphragm valve, and outlet pipe connects with catcher;Institute The blow-off pipe stated is connected with three-way diaphragm valve.
Further, described water-locator includes water distribution transverse tube and water distribution vertical tube;The upper end and three of described water distribution vertical tube Logical diaphragm valve connects, and lower end is connected with water distribution transverse tube;Multiple water distribution mouth it is provided with along its length on described water distribution transverse tube.
Further, described water distribution mouth is provided with drainage screen.
Further, described catcher includes catcher transverse tube and catcher vertical tube;Described catcher vertical tube upper End is connected with outlet pipe, and lower end is connected with catcher transverse tube;Described catcher transverse tube is provided with multiple filtration along its length Guard.
Further, it is provided with gas-washing device in described tank body;Described gas-washing device includes being arranged on tank body inner bottom The water cap in portion, water cap is connected to outside tank body by air purge pipe.
Further, the top of one end of described tank body is provided with manhole, and manhole installs manhole cover by flange.
Further, described manhole cover is installed with visor by pressing plate.
Further, described manhole cover is provided with handle.
Further, the bottom of described tank body one end is provided with sand removing hole, and the bottom of tank body is provided with supporting leg.
Further, described water inlet pipe is provided with inlet gage, and outlet pipe is provided with discharge pressure table.
3, beneficial effect
Compared to prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are:
(1) the horizontal shallow-sand filter of this utility model, tank body uses horizontally set, compares the design of existing vertical structure, It is highly greatly reduced, and its manufacture, installation and maintenance difficulties are little, and low cost improves safety, and horizontal type structure is in tank body Water-locator, catcher manufacture requirements lower, thus simplify their structure, reduce manufacture difficulty, meanwhile, this equipment uses Water inlet pipe, water-locator and blow-off pipe are connected by three-way diaphragm valve, effectively control to filter and backwash operation, and three-way diaphragm valve knot Structure is simple, fluid resistance is little, negotiability is big compared with the other types valve of same specification, No leakage, can be used for high viscosity and have suspension The regulation of granule medium, is suitable in the filtration processing equipment containing float, microorganism and other subparticle sewage;
(2) the horizontal shallow-sand filter of this utility model, water distributor structure is simple, by water distribution vertical tube, water is passed through water distribution In transverse tube, in whole length of tank direction all with distribution, and by the water distribution mouth on water distribution transverse tube, water is distributed evenly in tank Internal, current, close to advection state, improve and install drainage screen on filter effect, and water distribution mouth, it is to avoid in backwash process, filter Material leakage is run off;
(3) the horizontal shallow-sand filter of this utility model, collector structure is simple, and in tank body, water is laggard through media filtration Enter in catcher transverse tube, discharged by outlet pipe through catcher vertical tube, and be collected by filtration, and catcher transverse tube is along length Direction is provided with multiple filtering screen, it is to avoid discharge from outlet pipe in filtrate enters catcher with current, it is to avoid filtration, purification Time filtrate leakage run off, have significant anti-run material performance, also improve water filtration effect;
(4) the horizontal shallow-sand filter of this utility model, arranges gas-washing device, during recoil is hit, is filled by air purge Put in tank body, be passed through gas, stir water body, make filtrate rush, improve backwash intensity, accelerate backwash efficiency, effectively improve filter Because long-term backwash is insufficient, filtrate that is that cause hardens material and filter effect reduces, and improves backwash effect, extends the use of filtrate Life-span;And gas-washing device arranges water cap, can effectively prevent the leakage of filtrate;
(5) the horizontal shallow-sand filter of this utility model, tank body arranges manhole, it is simple to the installation of tank interior part, convenient Maintenance, manhole is installed manhole cover, manhole cover is installed visor, by visor from outside its inner case of observable of tank body, it is simple to Running status within facilities for observation and the Expenditure Levels of device interior water-locator, filtrate etc., it is simple to discovering device runs in time Middle produced problem and overhaul in time, improve equipment operational efficiency, the handle of manhole cover is easily installed dismounting;
(6) the horizontal shallow-sand filter of this utility model, tank body is provided with sand removing hole, is conveniently discharged by filtrate in tank body, more Changing filtrate, the bottom of tank body is provided with supporting leg, plays a supportive role tank body, it is ensured that tank body stability, safety;
(7) the horizontal shallow-sand filter of this utility model, water inlet pipe is provided with inlet gage, can measure intake pressure, go out Water pipe is provided with discharge pressure table, can determine water pressure, thus know the pressure reduction into water and water outlet, understands equipment filter capacity, Reach certain limit at pressure reduction, carry out backwash operation in time, it is ensured that the filter capacity of filtrate, it is ensured that effluent quality;
(8) the horizontal shallow-sand filter of this utility model, simple in construction, reasonable in design, it is easy to manufacture.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the main TV structure schematic diagram of this utility model water-locator;
Fig. 3 is the plan structure schematic diagram of this utility model water-locator;
Fig. 4 is the main TV structure schematic diagram of this utility model catcher;
Fig. 5 is the plan structure schematic diagram of this utility model catcher;
Fig. 6 is the partial structurtes schematic diagram of this utility model manhole cover.
In figure: 1, tank body;110, manhole;111, manhole cover;112, visor;113, pressing plate;114, handle;120, sediment outflow Mouthful;130, supporting leg;2, water inlet pipe;3, outlet pipe;4, blow-off pipe;5, three-way diaphragm valve;6, water-locator;601, water distribution transverse tube; 602, water distribution vertical tube;603, water distribution mouth;7, catcher;701, catcher transverse tube;702, catcher vertical tube;703, filtering screen; 8, gas-washing device;9, inlet gage;10, discharge pressure table.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with specific embodiments and the drawings, this utility model is further described below.
Embodiment 1
As shown in Figures 1 to 6, the horizontal shallow-sand filter of one of the present embodiment, including horizontally set tank body 1, enter Water pipe 2, outlet pipe 3, blow-off pipe 4, three-way diaphragm valve 5, water-locator 6 and catcher 7;Wherein, described water inlet pipe 2 and outlet pipe 3 tops being positioned at tank body 1, water-locator 6 and catcher 7 are the most setting up and down in tank body 1, and water inlet pipe 2 is by three-way diaphragm valve 5 Connecting with water-locator 6, outlet pipe 3 connects with catcher 7, and blow-off pipe 4 is connected with three-way diaphragm valve 5.Compare existing vertical structure Design, this device height is greatly reduced, and its manufacture, installation and maintenance difficulties are little, and low cost improves safety, horizontal type structure pair Water-locator 6 in tank body 1, the manufacture requirements of catcher 7 are lower, thus simplify their structure, reduce manufacture difficulty, with Time, this equipment uses three-way diaphragm valve 5 water inlet pipe 2, water-locator 6 and blow-off pipe 4 to be connected, and effectively controls to filter and grasps with backwash Make, and three-way diaphragm valve 5 simple in construction, fluid resistance are little, negotiability is big compared with the other types valve of same specification, No leakage, energy For high viscosity and the regulation that has particle medium, it is suitable for containing float, microorganism and other subparticle sewage Filtration processing equipment in.
In the present embodiment, shown in Fig. 1, Fig. 2 and 3, water-locator 6 includes water distribution transverse tube 601 and water distribution vertical tube 602, cloth The upper end of water vertical tube 602 is connected with three-way diaphragm valve 5, and lower end is connected with water distribution transverse tube 601, along length side on water distribution transverse tube 601 To being provided with multiple water distribution mouth 603, by water distribution vertical tube 602, water is passed through in water distribution transverse tube 601, in whole tank body 1 length side Xiang Junyu is distributed, and is distributed evenly in tank body 1 by water by the water distribution mouth 603 on water distribution transverse tube 601, and current are close to advection State, improves and is provided with drainage screen on filter effect, and water distribution mouth 603, it is to avoid in backwash process, and filtrate leakage is run off.
In the present embodiment, as shown in Figure 1, Figure 4 and Figure 5, catcher 7 includes catcher transverse tube 701 and catcher vertical tube 702, the upper end of catcher vertical tube 702 is connected with outlet pipe 3, and lower end is connected with catcher transverse tube 701, catcher transverse tube 701 edge Length direction is provided with multiple filtering screen 703, and in tank body 1, water enters in catcher transverse tube 701 after media filtration, passes through Catcher vertical tube 702 is discharged by outlet pipe 3, and is collected by filtration, and filtering screen 703 can avoid filtrate to enter with current Discharge from outlet pipe 3 in catcher 7, it is to avoid during filtration, purification, filtrate leakage is run off, there is the significant anti-performance running material, also Improve water filtration effect.
Additionally, be raising equipment backwash effect, being provided with gas-washing device 8 in the present embodiment in tank body 1, it includes setting Putting the water cap at tank body 1 inner bottom part, water cap is connected to outside tank body 1 by air purge pipe.During recoil is hit, by gas-washing device 8 In tank body 1, it is passed through gas, stirs water body, improve backwash intensity, accelerate backwash efficiency, effectively improve filtrate because of long-term backwash Filtrate that is insufficient and that cause hardens and filter effect reduces, and improves backwash effect, extends the service life of filtrate, and air purge dress The water cap put, can effectively prevent the leakage of filtrate.
It addition, the top of one end of tank body 1 is provided with manhole 110, it is simple to the installation of tank interior part, convenient maintenance;Manhole 110 install manhole cover 111 by flange, manhole cover 111 is installed with visor 112 by pressing plate 113, as shown in Figure 6, is somebody's turn to do Visor 112 uses safety glass film, by visor 112 from outside its inner case of observable of tank body 1, it is simple to inside facilities for observation Running status and the Expenditure Levels of device interior filtrate, it is simple in time the problem of discovering device emerged in operation and examine in time Repair, improve the operational efficiency of equipment;Manhole cover 111 is provided with handle 114, it is simple to installing/dismounting.The bottom of tank body 1 one end is provided with row Sand mouth 120, conveniently discharges filtrate in tank body 1, changes filtrate, and the bottom of tank body 1 is provided with supporting leg 130, supports tank body 1 and makees With, it is ensured that tank body 1 stability and safety.For understanding equipment filter capacity, the present embodiment is provided with influent pressure on water inlet pipe 2 Power table 9, can measure intake pressure, and outlet pipe 3 is provided with discharge pressure table 10, can determine water pressure, thus know into water and The pressure reduction of water outlet, understands equipment filter capacity, reaches certain limit at pressure reduction, carry out backwash operation in time, it is ensured that filtrate Filter capacity, it is ensured that effluent quality.
The duty of the horizontal shallow-sand filter of this equipment is as follows:
1. filtration condition
First, adding quartz sand filter media or other filtrate in tank body 1, the height of filtrate is higher than the collection of catcher 7 Device transverse tube 701, less than the water distribution transverse tube 601 of water-locator 6;Then, regulate three-way diaphragm valve 5, make water inlet pipe 2 with water-locator 6 even Logical;Then, being passed through sewage from water inlet pipe 2, be distributed evenly in tank body 1 by water-locator 6, the water after media filtration is through collecting Device 7 is discharged from outlet pipe 3 and is collected.
2. backwash state
Along with the impurity continuous gathering in filtrate, the pressure loss (i.e. pressure reduction) of water will constantly increase, and pass through influent pressure Power table 9 and discharge pressure table 10 can record Inlet and outlet water pressure, obtain pressure reduction.When pressure reduction reaches certain setting limit or filters Between when reaching setting value, filter enters backwash state.Now, regulate three-way diaphragm valve 5, make blow-off pipe 4 with water-locator 6 even Logical, filtrate in catcher 7 enters tank body 1, is rinsed by the water after filtration from outlet pipe 3, and in filtration, impurity enters with water Water-locator 6 is also discharged from blow-off pipe 4;In the process, open gas-washing device 8, in tank body 1, be passed through air, stir water body, make Filtrate has been rushed, and improves flush efficiency and effect, by visor 112 observable backwash situation, during backwash completes, also can lead to Cross manhole 110 and carry out labor cleaning.
Schematically being described this utility model and embodiment thereof above, this description does not has restricted, accompanying drawing Shown in be also one of embodiment of the present utility model, actual structure is not limited thereto.So, if this area Those of ordinary skill enlightened by it, creating in the case of objective without departing from this utility model, designing without creative The frame mode similar to this technical scheme and embodiment, all should belong to protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (10)

1. a horizontal shallow-sand filter, including the tank body (1) of horizontally set, water inlet pipe (2), outlet pipe (3), blow-off pipe (4), water-locator (6) and catcher (7), it is characterised in that: also include three-way diaphragm valve (5);Described water inlet pipe (2) and water outlet Pipe (3) is positioned at the top of tank body (1);Described water-locator (6) and catcher (7) are the most setting up and down in tank body (1);Described Water inlet pipe (2) connected with water-locator (6) by three-way diaphragm valve (5), outlet pipe (3) connects with catcher (7);Described row Dirty pipe (4) is connected with three-way diaphragm valve (5).
The horizontal shallow-sand filter of one the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described water-locator (6) includes Water distribution transverse tube (601) and water distribution vertical tube (602);The upper end of described water distribution vertical tube (602) is connected with three-way diaphragm valve (5), under End is connected with water distribution transverse tube (601);Multiple water distribution mouth (603) it is provided with along its length on described water distribution transverse tube (601).
The horizontal shallow-sand filter of one the most according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: on described water distribution mouth (603) Drainage screen is installed.
The horizontal shallow-sand filter of one the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described catcher (7) includes Catcher transverse tube (701) and catcher vertical tube (702);The upper end of described catcher vertical tube (702) is connected with outlet pipe (3), Lower end is connected with catcher transverse tube (701);Described catcher transverse tube (701) is provided with multiple filtering screen along its length (703)。
5. according to the described horizontal shallow-sand filter of one arbitrary in Claims 1-4, it is characterised in that: described tank body (1) gas-washing device (8) it is provided with in;Described gas-washing device (8) includes the water cap being arranged on tank body (1) inner bottom part, and water cap leads to Cross air purge pipe and be connected to tank body (1) outward.
The horizontal shallow-sand filter of one the most according to claim 5, it is characterised in that: one end of described tank body (1) Top be provided with manhole (110), manhole (110) by flange install manhole cover (111).
The horizontal shallow-sand filter of one the most according to claim 6, it is characterised in that: on described manhole cover (111) It is installed with visor (112) by pressing plate (113).
The horizontal shallow-sand filter of one the most according to claim 6, it is characterised in that: described manhole cover (111) sets There is handle (114).
9. according to the described horizontal shallow-sand filter of one arbitrary in Claims 1-4, it is characterised in that: described tank body (1) bottom of one end is provided with sand removing hole (120), and the bottom of tank body (1) is provided with supporting leg (130).
10. according to the described horizontal shallow-sand filter of one arbitrary in Claims 1-4, it is characterised in that: described water inlet Pipe (2) is provided with inlet gage (9), and outlet pipe (3) is provided with discharge pressure table (10).
CN201620685810.XU 2016-06-30 2016-06-30 A kind of horizontal shallow-sand filter Expired - Fee Related CN205759939U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620685810.XU CN205759939U (en) 2016-06-30 2016-06-30 A kind of horizontal shallow-sand filter

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620685810.XU CN205759939U (en) 2016-06-30 2016-06-30 A kind of horizontal shallow-sand filter

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106823501A (en) * 2017-02-17 2017-06-13 叶新平 Full-automatic filter

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106823501A (en) * 2017-02-17 2017-06-13 叶新平 Full-automatic filter

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20161207

Termination date: 20170630

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee