CN205527232U - Elevator without machine room - Google Patents

Elevator without machine room Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205527232U
CN205527232U CN201620109989.4U CN201620109989U CN205527232U CN 205527232 U CN205527232 U CN 205527232U CN 201620109989 U CN201620109989 U CN 201620109989U CN 205527232 U CN205527232 U CN 205527232U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
machine
wire rope
steel wire
roomless lift
elevator
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201620109989.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王泓翊
何社利
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
LUOYANG HONGCHUANG MINING M&E EQUIPMENT CO Ltd
Original Assignee
LUOYANG HONGCHUANG MINING M&E EQUIPMENT CO Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
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Priority to CN201620109989.4U priority Critical patent/CN205527232U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN205527232U publication Critical patent/CN205527232U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model relates to an elevator without machine room, it includes reduction gear 1, motor 11, drive wheel 2, car 3, lifting tackle 4, movable pulley 5, balancedly weighs 6, leading wheel 7, guide rail 8 and drag wire rope 9, wherein: reduction gear 1 is fixed at the top of elevator steelframe, and its left and right sides is connected with drive wheel 2, 3 left and right sides of car are equipped with lifting tackle 4 and leading wheel 7, the balance weighs 6 and hangs in the below of movable pulley 5, and 2 sets are established altogether to every elevator, every is draged wire rope 9 and passes lifting tackle 4, drive wheel 2 and movable pulley 5 in proper order, and the steelframe top is fixed in respectively at its both ends. The utility model discloses elevator without machine room simple structure, the security is high, the well need not reserved to the installation, low in manufacturing cost, maintain simple, be suitable for existing multi -storey building install additional with occasion such as villa.

Description

A kind of machine-roomless lift
Technical field
This utility model relates to a kind of machine-roomless lift, especially without the elevator of reserved hoistway in building, Be mainly used in existing multi-storey building install additional, the class such as goods and personnel's short distance conveying in villa and Factory Building As occasion.
Background technology
The commonly used permanent-magnet synchronous toothless traction machine of the driving means+pincer dish of modern inorganic machine room-free elevator Formula or contracting brake structure, driving wheel uses the metal wheel of surface with groove mostly, leading of car Straw line is often formed, as already disclosed by thermoplastic layer rubber-coated, polyester outside single or many cable wire 201320300305.5 and 201320300570.3 patents.Although the type of drive skill of this kind of elevator There is in art certain advance, it is possible to achieve digital speed-control controls, operates steadily, reliable transmission Feature, but its structure is complicated, manufacturing process requires strict, equipment cost height, requires height to chain, Once certain link is problematic easily causes the accidents such as elevator tenesmus.
It addition, disclosed 201320122979.0 patents, use a kind of single driven wheel, Single cable, wound form reel structure.Although having feature simple, reliable, but when in car During load skewness, car easily occurs or by card during moving up and down, and makes guide rail Abrasion aggravation, the operating noise of elevator increases.
Because the defect that above-mentioned existing machine-roomless lift exists, the present inventor produces based on being engaged in this type of Product manufacture and design for many years abundant practical experience and Professional knowledge, and coordinate the utilization of scientific principle, actively add With research and innovation, to founding a kind of machine-roomless lift of a kind of new structure, it is possible to improve general existing A kind of machine-roomless lift having so that it is have more practicality.Through constantly research, design, and through anti- After retrial is made sample and improved, finally create this utility model having practical value.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to provide another kind of machine-roomless lift and drives structure, existing to solve Deficiency in technology, while improving elevator safety reliability, simplied system structure as far as possible, fall Low manufacturing cost.
The purpose of this utility model and solve its technical problem is that employing following technical scheme realize 's.According to a kind of machine-roomless lift that the utility model proposes, including decelerator 1, motor 11, Driving wheel 2, car 3, lifting tackle 4, movable pulley 5, balance weight 6, directive wheel 7, guide rail 8 and Towing steel wire rope 9, wherein: described decelerator 1 is fixed on the top of elevator steelframe, and both sides around Connect and have driving wheel 2;Described car 3 left and right sides is provided with lifting tackle 4 and directive wheel 7;Described flat Weight 6 hangs on the lower section of movable pulley 5, and every elevator sets 2 sets altogether;Described every towing steel wire rope 9 Sequentially pass through lifting tackle 4, driving wheel 2 and movable pulley 5, and its two ends are individually fixed in above steelframe.
The purpose of this utility model and solve its technical problem can also use following technical measures come Realize further.
Aforementioned a kind of machine-roomless lift, described decelerator 1 is dual output spindle-type turbine and worm decelerator, It is connected with the central shaft 14 of driving wheel 2 by shaft coupling 12.
Aforesaid a kind of machine-roomless lift, described motor 11 be AC asynchronous motor, and itself and The connected mode of decelerator 1 is direct connection.
Aforesaid a kind of machine-roomless lift, described driving wheel 2 is friction-type, if being embedded with on its circumference Made lining pad 13, formation closure member, and this lining pad 13 by macromolecular material and dragged for dry Drag coefficientoffrictionμ >=0.25 between steel wire rope 9.
Aforesaid a kind of machine-roomless lift, wherein said closure member offers several and towing The semicircle grooving 15 that steel wire rope 9 diameter matches.
Aforesaid a kind of machine-roomless lift, the pitch diameter D of described grooving 15 and towing steel wire rope 9 Ratio D/d >=40 of diameter d.
Aforesaid a kind of machine-roomless lift, the towing steel wire rope 9 of described grooving 15 inside lap, is driving The cornerite that encloses formed on driving wheel 2 is 150~210 °.
Aforesaid a kind of machine-roomless lift, the quantity of described often set towing steel wire rope 9 is not limited to 1.
Aforesaid a kind of machine-roomless lift, the two ends of every towing steel wire rope 9 are by elastic suspension centre 10 He Elastic suspension centre 20 is fixed on the top of steelframe.
Aforesaid a kind of machine-roomless lift, the directive wheel 7 of wherein said car 3 both sides has many groups, And often group directive wheel 7 is made up of two rollers.
Compared with prior art, there is advantages below: (1) replaces with friction-type driving wheel in this utility model The metal bright finish driving wheel that generation is conventional, towing steel wire rope surface special cladding need not process, uses routine Steel wire rope can meet use, reduce the cost of steel wire rope.Due to this frictional drive technology Being used widely on high speed, heavily loaded mine hoisting equipment, security reliability is accommodating doubts, with Time make the repair and maintenance of steel wire rope more directly and simplify.(2) dual output spindle-type worm type of reduction gearing is used, Compact conformation, gear ratio are big, bearing capacity is big, it is achieved that Two-wheeled, carry from car both sides simultaneously Rise, jam in effectively preventing the inclination caused because of cabin uneven loading and running.Additionally pull steel wire rope Quantity can be 2n (n is positive integer) root, the reverse self-locking function that worm type of reduction gearing is exclusive, energy Making car stop transport rapidly time in the case of dead electricity and not exclusively need the brake outside dependence, these are all Add the security reliability of elevator on the whole.(3) towing steel wire rope two ends are solid by elastic suspension centre Being scheduled on the steelframe of basis, the directive wheel of car left and right sides configuration all makes elevator operate steadily up and down, reduces Vibration, improves the comfortableness of occupant.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of a kind of machine-roomless lift of this utility model;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of this utility model a kind of machine-roomless lift drive part;
Fig. 3 is the A direction view of Fig. 2.
[main element symbol description]
1: decelerator 2: driving wheel 3: car
4: lifting tackle 5: movable pulley 6: balance weight
7: directive wheel 8: guide rail 9: towing steel wire rope
10: elastic suspension centre 11: motor 12: shaft coupling
13: lining pad 14: live axle 15: grooving
20: elastic suspension centre
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in this utility model embodiment, to the skill in this utility model embodiment Art scheme is clearly and completely described, it is clear that described embodiment is only this utility model A part of embodiment rather than whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in this utility model, ability The every other embodiment that territory those of ordinary skill is obtained under not making creative work premise, Broadly fall into the scope of this utility model protection.Referring to Fig. 1, it is this utility model embodiment one nothing Machine room elevator upper structure schematic diagram.This elevator includes decelerator 1, motor 11, driving wheel 2, car 3, lifting tackle 4, movable pulley 5, balance weight 6, guide rail 8 and towing steel wire rope 9.Wherein said Decelerator 1 is positioned at the top of elevator steelframe, and on it, connection has motor 11, it is also preferred that the left described motor 11 is AC asynchronous motor, itself and decelerator 1 direct connection.Described driving wheel 2 is connected to reducing gear The left and right sides, its drive under forward or reverse.Described guide rail 8 adjacent car 3 both sides are arranged. Car 3 left and right sides is installed with lifting tackle 4, and towing steel wire rope 9 one end is fixed on the bullet above steelframe On property suspension centre 10, its other end walks around lifting tackle 4, driving wheel 2 and movable pulley 5 successively, so After be fixed on the elastic suspension centre 20 above steelframe.The underhung of described movable pulley 5 has balance weight 6, This balance weight 6 moves up and down along with movable pulley 5.The above-mentioned device pulling steel wire rope 9 and its socket All there are supporting two sets, it is also preferred that the left often the towing steel wire rope 9 described in set is made up of many steel wire ropes.
It is also preferred that the left described car about 3 is additionally provided with directive wheel 7, described guide rail 8 is fixed on basis steelframe On, car 3 mat directive wheel 7 moves up and down along guide rail 8.
Refering to Fig. 2 and Fig. 3, described decelerator 1 is dual output spindle-type worm type of reduction gearing.It leads to Cross the shaft coupling 12 of the both sides central shaft 14 respectively with the driving wheel 2 of both sides to be connected.Described driving wheel 2 For friction-type, in the groove on its circumference, it is embedded with multiple lining pad 13, forms closure member, should Offer on closure member and pull the semicircle grooving 15 that steel wire rope 9 diameter matches, it is also preferred that the left The grooving 15 offered on each driving wheel 2 has multiple.Above-mentioned every towing steel wire rope 9 is overlapped in driving In the grooving 15 of wheel 2, it is enclosed cornerite in the range of 150~210 ° what driving wheel 2 formed.Institute State lining pad 13 to be made up of macromolecular material, and the coefficientoffrictionμ between towing steel wire rope 9 >= 0.25。
This device work process is described as follows:
After upstream request order received by elevator, direct-connected motor 11 on decelerator 1 is energized, logical The shaft coupling 12 crossing decelerator 1 and both sides drives the driving wheel 2 of left and right sides to rotate, friction-type driving wheel Between 2 with towing steel wire rope 9, frictional force (frictional force size is according to Euler's formula) makes steel wire rope 9 produce phase To motion, by the lifting tackle 4 and directive wheel 7 being fixed on car 3 left and right sides make car 3 along Guide rail 8 moves up, and hangs on the balance weight 6 below movable pulley 5 and moves down.When car arrives During certain level position, motor 11 power-off, car 3 just stops to go out for occupant on a certain layer position Enter.After downbound request order received by elevator, rotating backward after motor 11 energising, driving wheel 2 is the most anti- To rotation, car 3 just moves down, and balance weight 6 follower pulley 5 moves upward, the most simultaneously Achieve the operation function vertically of elevator.
As preferably, in force, according to different size and the size of increasing productivity of car 3, The position of the movable pulley 4 of both sides can be arranged in the middle part of car 3 left and right sides around, top, Can also be in bottom, corresponding adjustment can be made in the position of corresponding directive wheel 7.
The above, be only preferred embodiment of the present utility model, not makees this utility model Any pro forma restriction, although this utility model is disclosed above with preferred embodiment, but not In order to limit this utility model, any those skilled in the art, without departing from this utility model skill In art aspects, when the technology contents of available the disclosure above makes a little change or is modified to equivalent The Equivalent embodiments of change, as long as being the content without departing from technical solutions of the utility model, according to this practicality Any simple modification, equivalent variations and the modification that above example is made by novel technical spirit, the most still Belong in the range of technical solutions of the utility model.

Claims (10)

1. a machine-roomless lift, including decelerator (1), motor (11), driving wheel (2), Car (3), lifting tackle (4), movable pulley (5), balance weight (6), directive wheel (7), guide rail (8) With towing steel wire rope (9), it is characterised in that wherein:
Described decelerator (1) is fixed on the top of elevator steelframe, and both sides connection has driving wheel around (2);
Described car (3) left and right sides is provided with lifting tackle (4) and directive wheel (7);
Described balance weight (6) hangs on the lower section of movable pulley (5), and every elevator sets 2 sets altogether;
Described every towing steel wire rope (9) sequentially passes through lifting tackle (4), driving wheel (2) and movable pulley , and its two ends are fixed on steelframe top (5).
A kind of machine-roomless lift the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described deceleration Device (1) is dual output spindle-type turbine and worm decelerator, and it is by shaft coupling (12) and driving wheel (2) Central shaft (14) be connected.
A kind of machine-roomless lift the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described is electronic Machine (11) is AC asynchronous motor, and its connected mode with decelerator (1) is direct connection.
A kind of machine-roomless lift the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described driving Wheel (2) is friction-type, its circumference is embedded with several and is made lining pad (13) by macromolecular material, Form the coefficientoffrictionμ between closure member, and this lining pad (13) and towing steel wire rope (9) ≥0.25。
A kind of machine-roomless lift the most according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: wherein said Several semicircle groovings (15) matched with towing steel wire rope (9) diameter are offered on closure member.
A kind of machine-roomless lift the most according to claim 5, it is characterised in that: described grooving (15) The ratio (D/d) >=40 of diameter d of pitch diameter D and towing steel wire rope (9).
A kind of machine-roomless lift the most according to claim 5, it is characterised in that: described grooving (15) the towing steel wire rope (9) of inside lap, the cornerite that encloses formed on driving wheel (2) is 150 ~210 °.
A kind of machine-roomless lift the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described often set The quantity of towing steel wire rope (9) is not limited to 1.
A kind of machine-roomless lift the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: every towing steel The two ends of cord (9) are fixed on the top of steelframe by elastic suspension centre (10) and elastic suspension centre (20).
A kind of machine-roomless lift the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: wherein said The directive wheel (7) of car (3) both sides have many groups, and often organize directive wheel (7) by two roller groups Become.
CN201620109989.4U 2016-02-03 2016-02-03 Elevator without machine room Expired - Fee Related CN205527232U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620109989.4U CN205527232U (en) 2016-02-03 2016-02-03 Elevator without machine room

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620109989.4U CN205527232U (en) 2016-02-03 2016-02-03 Elevator without machine room

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN205527232U true CN205527232U (en) 2016-08-31

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Country Status (1)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106516943A (en) * 2016-11-16 2017-03-22 宁波市镇海丹发机械科技有限公司 Two-way circular elevator
CN109272490A (en) * 2018-08-22 2019-01-25 浙江大丰实业股份有限公司 Stage equipment overturning-preventing manoeuvring platform

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106516943A (en) * 2016-11-16 2017-03-22 宁波市镇海丹发机械科技有限公司 Two-way circular elevator
CN106516943B (en) * 2016-11-16 2018-12-07 宁波市镇海丹发机械科技有限公司 Bidirectional circulating elevator
CN109272490A (en) * 2018-08-22 2019-01-25 浙江大丰实业股份有限公司 Stage equipment overturning-preventing manoeuvring platform
CN109272490B (en) * 2018-08-22 2022-04-29 浙江大丰实业股份有限公司 Anti-toppling operation platform for stage equipment

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GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20160831

Termination date: 20190203