CN205515319U - Guardrail and pad stand up by oneself - Google PatentsGuardrail and pad stand up by oneself Download PDF
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- CN205515319U CN205515319U CN201620092271.9U CN201620092271U CN205515319U CN 205515319 U CN205515319 U CN 205515319U CN 201620092271 U CN201620092271 U CN 201620092271U CN 205515319 U CN205515319 U CN 205515319U
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Guardrail and pad stand up by oneself belongs to rehabilitation and nursing apparatus field, be equipped with with the removable hookup of multiple activity and the ground support type of desiring an adapted bed dress of all being convenient for, establish the side direction and support that guardrail structure seals and intensity is reliable, smooth breathable film mattress reduces frictional force. Bed person is being furnished with the utility model discloses the bed of guardrail and pad can seal the guardrail and be arbitrary fulcrum from the helping hand, and excuse me, and smooth film is surperficial to be aided with the cooperation of self, with self -service arm strength and moment of torsion, realize that the health slides by oneself and stands up. Overcome bed person on standing up the function sick bed, the health still can't independently shift and the difficulty of standing up. The scheme structure is brief, and it is easy to manufacture, dismouting convenient to use, bed person can realize standing up by oneself with the help of guardrail and pad stand up by oneself and application method, reduces aided nursing personnel and aided nursing's work load.
The utility model belongs to rehabilitation appliances, relates generally to need the structure of bed annex during self-service standing up to improve.
Known in be applicable to the sick bed of medical rehabilitation and be unequal to piece number, be respectively provided with several functions, can be the rehabilitation after operation in patients or stand up inconvenient bed person and provide convenient, alleviate the labour intensity of nursing, improve rehabilitation efficacy.The scheme that assistance bed person is stood up or product, mostly it is made by bed body power intake itself, transmission mechanism, corresponding side bed board or mattress is driven to dig, make on bed patient under the lifting force of this side bed board or mattress with the sliding force effect on inclined-plane, realize health turning on bed surface, complete the postoperative requirement to patient care, the needs that the bed person that assists to have any problem carries out standing up.Also a lot of for the solution of problems, user can be given with choice widely.
But, realize this turning in addition to must be by external force, the person of being rolled also tends to need to be firstly moved to by the position of power driving side, and keeps corresponding position, could realize turning over and obtaining due position after rolling.Presently relevant equipment or scheme, for above-mentioned link institute produced problem, all do not propose any solution.Want the overall process really completing to stand up, it is necessary to the help being aided with other people external force can realize.It is to say, these schemes or product remain solve only the subproblem standing up in difficulty.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model be to provide bed person the most in need self-service stand up self-service stand up guardrail and pad, to solve the technical problem that it is to propose the self-service technical scheme standing up guardrail and pad.
The particular content of the utility model purpose is, self-service stands up guardrail and pad, including can be intended to adapted bed coupling part or can be with the semiclosed frame of the ground composition closed frame during state of use；Through being fixed on, the removable connection pair being intended to adapted bed both sides is fixing with desire adapted bed to be connected at semiclosed frame two ends, or can support the ground when the state of use；Pad includes being placed in being intended between adapted bed bed surface and use state bed person, ventilative, smooth surface, for patients ' recovery or the thin layer of long-term bed person.
The difficulty that bed person in need stands up, mainly self waist and abdomen muscles strength is restricted, and relies only on the conventional method normally stood up and cannot realize independently standing up.The self-service semi-enclosed structure standing up guardrail, can be this bed person around health both sides and above, hand can hold and in scope, the arm providing optional position is exerted oneself fulcrum, makes bed person can hold corresponding fulcrum, find the possibility assisting self to complete to stand up action by arm strength；The self-service guardrail shape also because closing when using state of standing up adds intensity itself so that it is from the fulcrum of power-assisted when can serve as self-service standing up；Simultaneously because stand up the change in location being bed person at bed body width, the self-service frame structure standing up guardrail and bed surface composition closing, additionally aid and prevent bed person from surprisingly falling from bed side during standing up.
Being coupled to each other of removable form can make the self-service guardrail that stands up for multiple bed body, makes bed body restore to the original state after simultaneously facilitating again dismounting, does not affect the use of its original, reduces the use cost of this programme.Removable is coupled to each other, or bed person comes in and goes out this inevitable connecting mode up and down.Semiclosed frame is supported in the ground of use state, reduces the difficulty that semiclosed frame is fixed and constituted closed frame, also simplify structure.
General sick bed or generally have stands up the bed that the bed person of difficulty provides, and the most unlikely has enough bedsides, realizes standing up of pure rolling for any bed person in the case of not moving.So during standing up health be displaced sideways that be always difficult to avoid or it may be said that mostly with health translation in bed when standing up in bed.And in normal conventional with on bed or even sick bed, the bed person that make to have any problem independently completes the translation on bed surface, the most all can have the biggest difficulty.The thin layer of this programme smooth surface can separate contacting between bed person with mattress, and decreases frictional force when bed person moves in bed with its smooth surface, reduces the difficulty overcoming frictional force when moving in bed.In addition thin layer can also keep or keep as far as possible mattress surface to be suitable for the performance couched, and reduces the impact on mattress of the smooth thin layer.Breathe freely, meet for patients ' recovery or the requirement of long-term bed person, it should be the characteristic that must have of this thin layer, because this is to stand up difficulty bed person, the long-term or needs of longer-term bed person.
So, under conditions of mobile frictional force is substantially reduced, can provide side and top comprehensive fulcrum by closing guardrail again, it is possible to provide a kind of condition independently stood up for inconvenient bed person, on this most self-service bed standing up guardrail and pad of adapted, it is achieved self-service movement with stand up.Therefore the self-service organization plan standing up guardrail and pad that the utility model proposes, it is possible to achieve the content of structure division in the utility model purpose, also solves the technical problem that this part of goal of the invention is proposed.
The content of the utility model purpose structure division can also be realized further by following scheme.
Removable connection pair described in the utility model is that one end is fixing with semiclosed frame two ends respectively to be connected, and another end is intended to adapted bed both sides can distinguish the clamping pair of held relevant position；Or two ends respectively with semiclosed end and be intended to adapted bed side to fix the detatchable hinge that is connected secondary；Or two ends respectively with semiclosed end and be intended to adapted bed side to fix the socket joint that is connected secondary；Described thin layer by can be layed in desire adapted bed bed surface or be fixedly attached to that bed person worn clothes may be with the film of bed surface contact surface.These are possible to removable connection and arrange the embodiment of thin layer.
Semiclosed frame described in the utility model, is hinged including two ends or two ends are through being slidably connected two sections of knees that parafacies is mutually coupled with；
Or include multi link, respectively at it it is connected between two bars and is provided with adjustable length, couples the chord member of this two bar respectively in the place of being actively coupled；
Or include being additionally provided with outside semiclosed frame the most hinged be connected, the strut on ground when being supported in use state, couple strut respectively and be intended to adapted bed, length-adjustable stress part, and couple semiclosed frame respectively and be intended to adapted bed length direction two ends, length-adjustable stress part；
Thin layer be provided with corresponding site worn clothes with adapted bed or bed person fix be connected couple parts.
Hinged in the middle of semiclosed frame self or be slidably connected, can be semiclosed frame lower end adapt to that the bedside of different adapted bed provides may；Knee can be that bed person provides bed space.Multi link can also constitute semiclosed frame, and chord member can fix the relative position being actively coupled between rod member, and length-adjustable chord member can regulate the aperture at semiclosed frame two ends, adapts to difference and is intended to the width of adapted bed.
With the strut on ground when being connected outside semiclosed frame and be supported in use state, the support strength that semiclosed frame is lateral can be strengthened；Stress part can stop the ground fulcrum of strut with pulling force, when stress to the sliding away from bed body direction, thus the fixing strut fulcrum on ground, it is ensured that the supporting role of strut；Adjustable length is to adapt to different bed body sizes.Couple respectively semiclosed frame adapted bed length direction be intended to the strut at adapted bed body two ends or stress part, then strengthen the support along bed length direction of the semiclosed frame；So that the omnibearing support of semiclosed frame is relatively reliable.The united application of above scheme can strengthen the support strength of semiclosed frame in terms of different.
The parts that couple of thin layer are possible to prevent thin layer sliding in bed or on clothes or come off.
The utility model selects semiclosed frame, it is being intended to adapted bed and is using between state bed person additional smooth, ventilative, meet rehabilitation or the thin layer of long-term bed needs, and semiclosed frame is added strut that is lateral and that be intended to adapted bed lathe bed length direction two ends, the user making bed is being furnished with on the utility model guardrail bed with pad, it is aided with and self keeps corresponding translation or rotate the state stood up, to close guardrail for arm from the fulcrum of power-assisted, the thin layer surface that excuse me slides, self-service the sliding onto of health realized on ordinary hospital bed stands up required position, the most still with close guardrail be the fulcrum from power-assisted, realize self-service standing up.Overcome the postoperative patient reposed, have the difficulty that on body turning function sick bed, health still cannot independently shift and stand up.The applicable bed person of the utility model method is self-service situation about standing up when being intended to different azimuth on adapted bed, correctly realizes self-service standing up.This programme structural reduction, manufactures easily, and dismounting is freely, easy to use；As long as health allows, user can realize self-service standing up by the self-service guardrail that stands up of the present utility model with pad and using method thereof, decrease the assisted care personnel in convalescence and the workload of assisted care.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is that semicircle semiclosed frame is self-service stands up guardrail and mat structure simplified schematic diagram；
Fig. 2 is that the semiclosed frame of rectangle is self-service stands up guardrail and mat structure simplified schematic diagram；
Fig. 3 is Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 removes the side view of side brace and stress part thereof；
Fig. 4 is the semiclosed mount structure schematic diagram being supported in ground；
Fig. 5 is the semiclosed mount structure schematic diagram being supported in ground with sliding pair；
Fig. 6 is the side view of Fig. 4 and Fig. 5.
Extraction connotation representated by piece number in figure: 1 semiclosed frame 2 strut 3 adjustable-length stress part 4 bed body 5 film 6 chord member 7 sliding pair.
Detailed description of the invention
Below by embodiment and accompanying drawing, the utility model is described in further detail.
First embodiment is semicircle semiclosed frame and pad, sees Fig. 1 and 3.
This example is provided with two ends and can be connected with being intended to adapted bed body detatchable hinge, curve semicircular bar, is the semiclosed frame 1 of this example.In the both sides, position dividing half-round rod equally, and it is intended between the both sides end points at adapted bed surface length direction two ends, is additionally provided with the hinged strut 2 being connected.Be further provided with being laid on desire adapted bed surface, breathing freely is suitable to rehabilitation use, ganoid film 5.It it is more than the primary structure description of this example.
First this example smooth film is layered on desire adapted bed surface before using, the bed person using this equipment also should lie in bed in advance, then will at whole for this example hinge-coupled be intended to adapted bed body relevant position couple, the upper end of strut couples with the pin joint at guardrail loop-drive top, this example state to be used.Also can first coupling part hinged place, the most first couple the pin joint of side, bed person lies in bed, and finally couples another side pin joint.
During use, flat sleeping bed person can hold the top guardrail being partial to another side with side arm, utilizes the pulling force of arm, the additional rollover states self coordinated, flat sleeping health, along with the gradually sidesway held a little, can transfer the figure lain on one's side at leisure, it is achieved self-service stands up.
Certainly, can also be under the effect of arm tension, health keeps the state of translation, continuation sidesway likewise as pulling force point, and due to the existence of smooth film under body, in addition the arm tension reduction to body weight, all significantly reduces the frictional force of health and bed surface so that health is readily accomplished lateral translation.After the side moving on to bed surface, i.e. may utilize that this side arm holds that top is partial to another side holds a little, and now health should be matched to keep rotating the state stood up, and health just can obtain the moment of torsion turned over to another side, it is achieved self-service stand up.
If bed person has been the position lain on one's side before being intended to stand up, when it leaves the bed surface standing up space behind, directly being stood up direction firmly by its arm, health keeps rotation to stand up state, i.e. can obtain the rotation torque for standing up, and along with the gradually transfer held a little completes self-service standing up.If at this moment hold a little side in face of bed person, the portable arch thrust in top, or two hands of hand provide side force together, it is possible to stand up along with the transfer held a little completes the self-service of bed person.
If bed person does not the most reserve the bed surface standing up space, then must with arm bed person towards direction tractive, health now keep translation state, make under the pulling force effect of bed arm, it is achieved to the sliding of the another side of bed body.Owing to, under bed person's body, having laid the smooth film of this example, so the frictional force produced during sliding is reduced, the pulling force of additional arm also alleviates the health effect to smooth film pressure, further reduces the frictional force of translation.After completing to slide onto in the middle part of bed body or slide onto the another side of bed body, go up the situation leaving bed surface space behind for another example, complete self-service rotation and stand up.
If bed person itself is prone position, then when there is bed surface space in its direction to be stood up, props up on bed surface by standing up direction, or be aided with the pulling force holding guardrail again, self-service standing up can be completed.If standing up direction do not have the space of bed surface, then needing to translate to side, also due to the smooth film under bed person's body, the completing of translation can become easier to because of the reduction of frictional force, operates as above again, can complete self-service standing up after translation.So far the description of this example using method is completed.
From this example, the structure closing guardrail is very simple, installs and is also easy to, and user is the personnel that bed state has rehabilitation or nursing need, its active force is inherently restricted, and uses safe influence factor limited, and the method for use is all certain operations within reach.It is to say, this example or even the utility model are with the most brief scheme, equipment and method, the self-service environment and condition standing up the equipment of creating and method can be realized for bed person.
Second embodiment is that the self-service of the semiclosed frame of rectangle stands up guardrail and pad, such as Fig. 2.This example structure is essentially identical with upper example, simply forms close guardrail 1 for rectangle, has and be connected length-adjustable chord member 6 with two adjacent sides at its drift angle.In addition to having, such as example 1, the strut 2 being connected in both sides, rectangle top margin midpoint, also have at rectangle top margin two ends respectively to the strut of hinge-coupled between corresponding side, adapted bed body two ends, but both struts are the most all length-adjustable struts.This example removable connection pair is the retaining wedge that can change opening aperture, realizes gripping institute's adapted bed side through grip bolt.The distance of rectangle semiclosed frame two lower end by regulating the chord member length at two drift angles, can be changed when mounted, to adapt to different bedsides to a certain extent.Also need to regulate the length of each strut, to adapt to different bed body sizes when installing simultaneously.This example film is located at outside the back of the body of bed person's jacket, sidepiece, arm and the rear portion of the trousers first half and both sides, is provided with bonding hasp at the surrounding of film, fixing with relevant position on clothes being connected.Other content keeps consistent with upper example.
3rd embodiment is that the strut of above example all substitutes with rope, and the socket joint set of the joined socket joint in semiclosed frame lower end pair is also fixed on desire adapted bed by rope.During installation, coupling between rope with bed body is strained and fixed and can devote oneself to work, in state to be used.Specifically comprise the following steps that
1., by being suitable to the adapted bed side position that bed person's arm holds, determine the riding position of this example semiclosed frame lower end joined socket joint set；
2. determine that the bed surface between this position is not less than the connection rope coupled between both sides socket joints set, otherwise with will not be by the batts filling-in collapsed that couches of bed person；
3. on bed surface, couple both sides socket joint set with rope；Be connected and fixed below the bed body of same position this two socket joints set simultaneously；
4. every side bedside is fixedly connected with rope between socket joint set and this side bed body end points respectively；
5. bed person couches on bed；
6. couple semiclosed frame and the border sleeve having attached on bed；
The position being provided with strut in the structure of the most fixing the most all semiclosed frames all substitutes connection with rope；
With the tensile force of rope, the most all connections must ensure that the distance coupled is not changed.So far the rope completing the semiclosed frame of this example is fixed.
Using method is constant.
4th embodiment is provided with socket joint hole for both sides in the middle part of desire adapted bed body, inserts fixing with the two ends of corresponding semiclosed frame, and remainder all keeps consistent with above example.
5th embodiment is the closing guardrail that side is strengthened, such as Fig. 1 and Fig. 2.This example close the desire adapted bed bed side of guardrail to, be provided with the most hinged strut 2 being connected, between strut lower end section and bed body, be provided with respectively associated rope or stress part 3.Tightrope or stress part can keep the joined strut fulcrum on ground will not be away from the bed of adapted, and strut then supports and closes the lateral stress of guardrail, enhances the stability closing guardrail.Other situation all keeps consistent with above example.
Sixth embodiment be semiclosed frame be to be slidably connected two knees that duplicate invoice connects, such as Fig. 5.This example keeps consistent with above example, and the upper end of two knees simply forming semiclosed frame is fixing with two mated pairs being slidably connected secondary 7 respectively to be connected.Two knees being connected that slide can adapt to different bed body width within the specific limits with the position that altered sliding pair coordinates, and can fix the cooperation of sliding pair after regulation through coupling the rod member between sliding pair two couple.
7th embodiment is to be supported in the semiclosed guardrail on ground, such as Fig. 4 and Fig. 6.
The semiclosed guardrail of this example can form trapezoidal closed frame with being intended to adapted bed surface, and two side has extended downwards, and the bearing of trend of its extension, at framework place plane toe-in, becomes the direction on the ground being approximately perpendicular under use state；In lower extension lower end section, at extension and use state adapted bed side length direction institute planar bifurcated.It is connected so that length-adjustable chord member is hinged between trapezoidal drift angle both sides.Constitute the primary structure of this example.
Before use, bed person should first couch on adapted bed, subsequently guardrail is placed in the relevant position of bed person's arm, two split a both sides at lower extension lands with its lower bifurcation, shorten two chord member length, because dual-side is hinged being connected with trapezoidal top, trapezoidal side edges bottom is made to draw in bed body, until clamping bed surface.I.e. enter the state to be used of this example.Due to chord member and the effect of extension, trapezoidal closed frame is fixed；The bifurcated of extension lower end under trapezoidal dual-side, it is provided that in the stable support of vertical closed frame place in-plane.Trapezoidal top also can be changed into length-adjustable connecting rod by this example, increases the approach of regulation operation, brings convenience to use.
The service condition of this example and above example keep consistent, and two extensions of lower receipts can reduce and take space, bed side.This example structural reduction, freely, operation storing is the most convenient for folding.
8th embodiment is the 6th and the combination of the 7th two embodiment, sees Fig. 5 and Fig. 6.This example is the two parts changing into the 7th semiclosed upper frame edge of example being connected with sliding pair, sets up length-adjustable relay parts or rope between its lower prolongation.Storing state is divided into two parts, associated with one another, compared with the upper two more flexible facilities of example by institute's adapted bedside during use.
- The most self-service stand up guardrail and pad, it is characterized in that: self-service stand up guardrail include can be intended to adapted bed coupling part or can with use state ground composition closed frame semiclosed frame, through being fixed on, the removable connection pair being intended to adapted bed both sides is fixing with desire adapted bed to be connected at semiclosed frame two ends, or can support the ground when the state of use；Pad includes being placed in being intended between adapted bed bed surface and bed person, ventilative, smooth surface, for patients ' recovery or the thin layer of long-term bed person.
- The most self-service stand up guardrail and pad, it is characterised in that: described removable connection pair is that one end is fixing with semiclosed frame two ends respectively to be connected, and another end is intended to adapted bed both sides, and can to distinguish the clamping of held relevant position secondary；Or two ends respectively with semiclosed end and be intended to adapted bed side to fix the detatchable hinge that is connected secondary；Or two ends respectively with semiclosed end and be intended to adapted bed side to fix the socket joint that is connected secondary；Described thin layer by can be layed in be intended to adapted bed bed surface or be fixedly attached to bed person worn clothes may with desire adapted bed surface contact surface thin layer.
- The most self-service stand up guardrail and pad, it is characterised in that: described semiclosed frame include two ends be hinged or two ends through being slidably connected parafacies and being mutually coupled with, two another ends through corresponding removable couple secondary be intended to adapted bed both sides and fix the two sections of knees being connected；Or include multi link, respectively at it there is adjustable length, couple the chord member of this two bar respectively in the place of being actively coupled；Or include being additionally provided with outside semiclosed frame the most hinged be connected, the strut on ground when being supported in use state, couple strut respectively and be intended to adapted bed, length-adjustable stress part, and couple semiclosed frame respectively and be intended to adapted bed length direction two ends, length-adjustable stress part；Thin layer is provided with and is intended to adapted bed or bed person is worn clothes and fixes the parts being connected.
Priority Applications (1)
|CN201620092271.9U CN205515319U (en)
|Guardrail and pad stand up by oneself
Applications Claiming Priority (1)
|CN201620092271.9U CN205515319U (en)
|Guardrail and pad stand up by oneself
|CN205515319U true CN205515319U (en)
Family Applications (1)
|CN201620092271.9U Withdrawn - After Issue CN205515319U (en)
|Guardrail and pad stand up by oneself
Country Status (1)
Cited By (1)
|CN105434125A (en) *
|Self-help turnover guardrail and mattress and using method thereof
- 2016-01-31 CN CN201620092271.9U patent/CN205515319U/en not_active Withdrawn - After Issue
Cited By (1)
|CN105434125A (en) *
|Self-help turnover guardrail and mattress and using method thereof
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|Grant of patent or utility model
|Patent right actively abandoned
|Patent right actively abandoned
Granted publication date: 20160831
Effective date of abandoning: 20180612