CN205502034U - Slope protective structure of step gobi desert cobble plants in arch skeleton - Google Patents

Slope protective structure of step gobi desert cobble plants in arch skeleton Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205502034U
CN205502034U CN201620264364.5U CN201620264364U CN205502034U CN 205502034 U CN205502034 U CN 205502034U CN 201620264364 U CN201620264364 U CN 201620264364U CN 205502034 U CN205502034 U CN 205502034U
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China
Prior art keywords
cobble
gobi desert
arched framework
slope
counterfort
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CN201620264364.5U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
辛文栋
张广丰
李鲲
王亚宁
高志伟
舒磊
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China Railway First Survey and Design Institute Group Ltd
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China Railway First Survey and Design Institute Group Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a slope protective structure of step gobi desert cobble plants in arch skeleton. The railway roadbed engineering of passing through the big wind zone in gobi desert need advance menstruation help with the technique on be applicable to that high wind loses, the resistant side slope protection design who washes away. The utility model discloses a set up embeddedly in the arch skeleton of the slope body in slope, the arch skeleton includes along the arch ring of hunch -up upwards between slope body top -down's counterfort and the counterfort, and the sloping body surface face that counterfort and arch ring enclose has been laid to plant and has been built the gobi desert cobble, arch skeleton bottom is followed wall location line and is provided with the banket, and the banket is embedded personally experiences sth. Part of the body in the side slope is sloping, the ground department of banket one side has buried the foot foundation of wall underground, and foot foundation of wall one side sets up former earthen backfill. The utility model discloses owing to adopt gobi desert cobble and mortar to build by laying bricks or stones jointly in the skeleton, form closed, inseparable, firm whole, can prevent effectively that the side slope strong wind from corroding and rainwash, can utilize the big particle diameter cobble in the soil of gobi desert on the spot simultaneously, have the advantages such as losing the effect is showing, low in cost of preventing wind.

Description

The roadbed side slope safeguard structure building Gobi desert cobble is planted in a kind of arched framework
Technical field
This utility model belongs to subgrade protection technical field, plants, in being specifically related to a kind of arched framework, the roadbed side slope safeguard structure building Gobi desert cobble.
Background technology
Along with the development of railway construction in China, increasing railway needs to pass through strong wind district, Gobi desert, and harsh natural environment creates heavy damage to Railway Bed Slope.Therefore, the railway subgrade works passing through strong wind district, Gobi desert needs to carry out being applicable to high wind erosion, the side slope protection design of resistance to erosion in economic and technical.The most conventional roadbed side slope protection form mainly has: lay the forms such as hollow brick bank protection, hollow brick bank protection, concrete precast block assembly bank protection and grid skeleton bank protection in arched framework.These side slope protection forms are applied in strong wind district, Gobi desert all exists skeleton serious situation of eroding of banketing, lay hollow brick bank protection in arched framework or hollow brick bank protection generally there is brick in banket wind erosion, wash away serious situation, and when using Cement Soil in brick, although weather-proof preferable with scouring effect, but cost is of a relatively high.And plant the roadbed side slope safeguard structure building Gobi desert cobble in arched framework owing to using Gobi desert cobble and mortar jointly to build by laying bricks or stones in skeleton, can effectively prevent side slope strong wind from corroding and rain drop erosion, big particle diameter cobble in the soil of energy local use Gobi desert, has the advantages such as wind erosion prevention effect is notable, cheap simultaneously.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model plants, in being to provide a kind of arched framework, the roadbed side slope safeguard structure building Gobi desert cobble, can effectively prevent the impact of strong wind district, Gobi desert roadbed side slope wind erosion, it is ensured that the stability of railway bed body and durability.
The technical scheme that this utility model is used is:
The roadbed side slope safeguard structure building Gobi desert cobble is planted in a kind of arched framework, it is characterised in that:
Being included in roadbed side slope and arrange the arched framework being embedded in slope body, arched framework includes along the arch ring upwards arched upward between the top-down counterfort of slope body and counterfort, and the slope surface that counterfort and arch ring surround is equipped with cultivation and builds Gobi desert cobble;
Bottom arched framework, wall location line being provided with spats, spats is embedded in Slope body;Being embedded with foot foundation of wall at the ground of spats side, foot foundation of wall side arranges original soil backfill.
It is provided with fringing on the curb at arched framework top.
Being arranged at intervals with top-down expansion joint on arched framework, expansion joint is positioned on counterfort;
Filling flexible Colophonium hemp cut in expansion joint.
Top-down marking time it is arranged at intervals with on arched framework.
Being arranged at intervals with top-down rhone on arched framework, rhone upper end connects with the sump transverse drain on road surface;
Rhone is the rhone that concrete precast block makes.
This utility model has the advantage that
This utility model is built by laying bricks or stones jointly owing to using Gobi desert cobble and mortar in skeleton, formed close, closely, firmly overall, can effectively prevent side slope strong wind from corroding and rain drop erosion, the big particle diameter cobble in the soil of energy local use Gobi desert, has the advantages such as wind erosion prevention effect is notable, cheap simultaneously.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is front view of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is I-I sectional view.
Fig. 3 is II-II sectional view.
Fig. 4 is III-III sectional view.
Fig. 5 is IV-IV sectional view.
Fig. 6 is cross section of marking time.
In figure, 1-foot foundation of wall, 2-spats, 3-rhone, 4-arched framework, 5-fringing, 6-plants and builds Gobi desert cobble, and 7-original soil backfills, 8-arched framework top, 9-sump drainpipe outlet, at the bottom of 10-arched framework, 11-wall location line, 12-expansion joint, 13-concrete precast block.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with detailed description of the invention, this utility model is described in detail.
The roadbed side slope safeguard structure building Gobi desert cobble is planted in a kind of arched framework that this utility model relates to, it is included in roadbed side slope and the arched framework 4 being embedded in slope body is set, use C35 concrete masonry units, arched framework 4 includes along the arch ring upwards arched upward between the top-down counterfort of slope body and counterfort, spring base is 3.0m, arch ring and counterfort width are 0.6m, and the degree of depth is 0.6m.The slope surface that counterfort and arch ring surround is equipped with cultivation and builds Gobi desert cobble 6, and cobble particle diameter is between 10~20cm.
Bottom arched framework 4, wall location line 11 being provided with spats 2, spats 2 is embedded in Slope body, and width is 1m, and the degree of depth is 0.6m.Being embedded with foot foundation of wall 1, a size of 1 × 0.96m at the ground of spats 2 side, ratio of slope is 1:0.25, uses C35 concrete masonry units.Foot foundation of wall 1 side arranges original soil backfill 7.Arched framework 4 is played bracing reinforcement effect by spats 2 and foot foundation of wall 1 jointly, and spats 2 also prevents the effect of stream sapping reverse to roadbed toe.
It is provided with fringing 5 on the curb at arched framework 4 top, resists the Gobi windy sand flow eolian erosion to curb.
Residing for work point, day and night temperature is relatively big, for preventing arched framework 4 from ftractureing, arched framework 4 is arranged from top to bottom every 15m and stitches the expansion joint 12 of wide 0.02m, and expansion joint 12 is positioned on counterfort.Filling flexible Colophonium hemp cut in expansion joint 12.
One wide marking time of 0.6m is set from top to bottom every 100m on arched framework 4.
Being arranged at intervals with top-down rhone 3 on arched framework 4, rhone 3 upper end connects with the sump transverse drain on road surface.Rhone 3 is the rhone that concrete precast block 13 makes, and concentrates and gets rid of embankment top charge for remittance, prevents from washing away domatic.
This utility model is built by laying bricks or stones jointly owing to using Gobi desert cobble and mortar in skeleton, formed close, closely, firmly overall, can effectively prevent side slope strong wind from corroding and rain drop erosion, the big particle diameter cobble in the soil of energy local use Gobi desert, has the advantages such as wind erosion prevention effect is notable, cheap simultaneously.
During construction:
(1) foot foundation of wall working procedure:
1. foot foundation of wall surveying and locating;2. the wall base that undermines the foundation is cheated: the widest 0.8m of foot foundation of wall, high 1.0m are wherein under ground portion, and foundation ditch mini-excavator excavates, and hand fit repairs molding;3. building foot foundation of wall by laying bricks or stones: use shove method (seat slurry processes) to build C35 concrete foot foundation of wall by laying bricks or stones, build thickness by laying bricks or stones uniformly, exposed face is neat.
(2) spats working procedure:
1. spats surveying and locating;
2. digging spats foundation trench: be parallel to domatic excavation spats foundation trench, foundation trench width is 1m, and the degree of depth is 0.6m, formwork supporting plate in advance at unwrapping wire, in time having built by laying bricks or stones, and template of dismantling;
3. build spats by laying bricks or stones: spats is supported by domatic and foot foundation of wall, use C35 concrete delamination segmentation to build by laying bricks or stones.
(3) concrete arched framework working procedure
1. surveying and locating;
2. excavating foundation trench: arched framework spring base is 3.0m, arch ring and counterfort width are 0.6m, and it is 0.6m deeply that arch skeleton embeds side slope of embankment, and sagitta is 3.0m.Setting the rhone of a width of 0.6m at sump transverse drain, curb fringing is connected with arched framework vault.Arched framework, mark time, rhone and fringing excavate according to measuring hanging wire, for ensureing stablizing of roadbed side slope, foundation trench excavation uses excavation by troughs, it is impossible to excavate continuously simultaneously, can casting concrete after tamping the foundation trench excavated.;
3. build by laying bricks or stones: skeleton, fringing, slope drainage groove and mark time and be C25 concrete placings.Skeleton is built by laying bricks or stones from top to bottom;
(4) block Gobi desert cobble working procedure is planted in arched framework
1. plant in should again having rebuild skeleton before building Gobi desert cobble domatic in arched framework, remove surface dust, be compacted smooth domatic;
2. particle diameter is chosen between 10cm~20cm, shape uniform Gobi desert cobble;
3. plant the most line by line in skeleton and build cobble, until skeleton top;Irrigate the mortar of M10 the most from top to bottom, plug and pound closely knit, after initial set, use steel brush finishing, keep attractive in appearance.
Content of the present utility model is not limited to cited by embodiment, the conversion of any equivalence that technical solutions of the utility model are taked by those of ordinary skill in the art by reading this utility model description, is claim of the present utility model and is contained.

Claims (5)

1. plant, in an arched framework, the roadbed side slope safeguard structure building Gobi desert cobble, it is characterised in that:
Being included in roadbed side slope and arrange the arched framework (4) being embedded in slope body, arched framework (4) includes along the arch ring upwards arched upward between the top-down counterfort of slope body and counterfort, and the slope surface that counterfort and arch ring surround is equipped with cultivation and builds Gobi desert cobble (6);
Arched framework (4) bottom is provided with spats (2) along wall location line (11), and spats (2) is embedded in Slope body;Being embedded with foot foundation of wall (1) at the ground of spats (2) side, foot foundation of wall (1) side arranges original soil backfill (7).
The roadbed side slope safeguard structure building Gobi desert cobble is planted in a kind of arched framework the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:
Fringing (5) it is provided with on the curb at arched framework (4) top.
The roadbed side slope safeguard structure building Gobi desert cobble is planted in a kind of arched framework the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:
Being arranged at intervals with top-down expansion joint (12) on arched framework (4), expansion joint (12) are positioned on counterfort;
Expansion joint (12) interior filling flexible Colophonium hemp cut.
The roadbed side slope safeguard structure building Gobi desert cobble is planted in a kind of arched framework the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:
Arched framework is arranged at intervals with top-down marking time on (4).
The roadbed side slope safeguard structure building Gobi desert cobble is planted in a kind of arched framework the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:
Being arranged at intervals with top-down rhone (3) on arched framework (4), rhone (3) upper end connects with the sump transverse drain on road surface;
Rhone (3) is the rhone that concrete precast block (13) makes.
CN201620264364.5U 2016-04-01 2016-04-01 Slope protective structure of step gobi desert cobble plants in arch skeleton Active CN205502034U (en)

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CN201620264364.5U CN205502034U (en) 2016-04-01 2016-04-01 Slope protective structure of step gobi desert cobble plants in arch skeleton

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620264364.5U CN205502034U (en) 2016-04-01 2016-04-01 Slope protective structure of step gobi desert cobble plants in arch skeleton

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112095548A (en) * 2020-09-19 2020-12-18 江苏兴业环境集团有限公司 Method for treating river landslide
CN112166866A (en) * 2020-09-03 2021-01-05 中铁第一勘察设计院集团有限公司 Method for mixed planting of shrubs on railway side slope in desertification region
CN114856140A (en) * 2022-06-09 2022-08-05 山西八建集团有限公司 Device and method for building standard bricks on outer wall of slope
CN114856140B (en) * 2022-06-09 2024-05-03 山西八建集团有限公司 Device and method for building standard bricks of outer wall on slope

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112166866A (en) * 2020-09-03 2021-01-05 中铁第一勘察设计院集团有限公司 Method for mixed planting of shrubs on railway side slope in desertification region
CN112095548A (en) * 2020-09-19 2020-12-18 江苏兴业环境集团有限公司 Method for treating river landslide
CN114856140A (en) * 2022-06-09 2022-08-05 山西八建集团有限公司 Device and method for building standard bricks on outer wall of slope
CN114856140B (en) * 2022-06-09 2024-05-03 山西八建集团有限公司 Device and method for building standard bricks of outer wall on slope

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