CN205461587U - PM2. 5 air purification device - Google Patents

PM2. 5 air purification device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205461587U
CN205461587U CN201620109833.6U CN201620109833U CN205461587U CN 205461587 U CN205461587 U CN 205461587U CN 201620109833 U CN201620109833 U CN 201620109833U CN 205461587 U CN205461587 U CN 205461587U
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China
Prior art keywords
air
blower fan
controller
dust
electrostatic precipitator
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201620109833.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李超逸
谢文琦
张鑫
万俊麟
Original Assignee
李超逸
谢文琦
张鑫
万俊麟
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Priority to CN201620109833.6U priority Critical patent/CN205461587U/en
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Publication of CN205461587U publication Critical patent/CN205461587U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a PM2.5 air purification device, including PM2.5 concentration detector, controller, air intake fan, atomizing dust collector, static dust collector, air -out fan, PM2.5 concentration detector with the controller is connected, the controller with air intake fan, atomizing dust collector, static dust collector, air -out fan are connected, air intake fan, atomizing dust collector, static dust collector and the air -out fan is consecutive connects. The utility model discloses need not the filter screen, having broken away from and used filter among the prior art, the filter screen that brings blocks up and arouses that the filter effect is poor, and the filter screen needs often to change or the washing, the scheduling problem of wasting time and energy, the utility model discloses combine atomizing dust removal and electrostatic precipitator to carry out purification treatment to the air, purifying effect is good.

Description

PM2.5 air cleaner
Technical field
This utility model belongs to air cleaning machinery technical field, particularly relates to a kind of PM2.5 air cleaner.
Background technology
Indoor environmental pollution has become as one of killer having a strong impact on human health, and we have the time of more than seventy percent to place oneself indoor environment.Good IAQ (indoor air quality) is to ensure healthy most important factor, and underproof room air may result in uncomfortable, very healthy (such as headache, uncomfortable in chest, sleepy, skin allergy, eyestrain, frequent flu etc.).Anemia of pregnant woman, child, old man, office staff, suffer from the people of respiratory system and cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease, be more vulnerable to the impact of bad IAQ (indoor air quality).Common indoor air pollutants: 1, the pollution of construction material, plasterboard breed bacteria that modem architectural ornament uses, the microorganism such as virus;2, closing the pollution that building causes, totally-enclosed building has completely cut off the circulation of natural fresh air, and room air is muddy;3, the dust built up in ventilating duct of central air conditioner, the pollution that causes of biology, dark moist environment promotes bacterial reproduction, and they may cause that sneeze, eyes are uncomfortable, cough, pant, dizziness and lassitude;Some more likely can trigger anaphylaxis or asthma;4, the pollution that house decorative material and furnishings cause, the materials such as wood-based plate used by decoration, adhesive, paint, carpet, cloth art, chemical fibre implant constantly can volatilize toxic component in room air, the formaldehyde of high concentration can cause that eyes, nose and throat are uncomfortable, bringing harmful effect to human body, it is for up to 5-15;5, the pollution that household electrical appliance cause.Mainly electrostatic, microwave radiation;6, the pollution produced in people's life, scurf, sebum, body odour, microorganism and the cosmetics used, the articles for washing that human metabolism produces.Now, indoor environmental pollution generally exists, and interior decoration can cause indoor pollution.
PM2.5 micronic dust present in air especially, PM2.5 refers to that in surrounding air, aerodynamic equivalent diameter is less than or equal to the particulate matter of 2.5 μm, and also referred to as fine particle, human eye can't see PM2.5 micronic dust.Fine particle particle diameter is little, remote containing substantial amounts of poisonous and harmful substances and time of staying length in an atmosphere, fed distance, thus the impact on health and atmosphere quality is bigger.Additionally, fine particle is bigger to the harm of health, because diameter is the least, the position entering respiratory tract is the deepest.The particulate matter of 10 μ m diameter is usually deposited at upper respiratory tract, the be deep into bronchioles below 2 μm and alveolar.Fine particle enters human body to after alveolar, directly affects the ventilatory function of lung, makes body easily be in anaerobic condition.A large amount of suction will cause pneumoconiosis or pulmonary carcinoma.
Existing PM2.5 air purifier mostly uses filter screen that air is carried out filtration, purification, owing to PM2.5 contaminant particle is the most tiny, if employing filter screen, filter screen through hole must be the most tiny, thus easily cause filter net jam, not having filter effect, often changing or clean filter screen wastes time and energy, and also results in waste.nullA kind of air purifier that can eliminate PM2.5 disclosed such as the patent No. 201310036143.3,It is characterized in that: include housing、Air inlet、Air outlet、Circuit control device、HEPA high efficiency particulate air filter、Active carbon filter、Anion generator、Two blower fans、Ozonator、LED light,Described air inlet is positioned at the bottom of housing,Air outlet is positioned at the top of housing,Described circuit control device is fixed on the side at the interior middle part of housing,Ozonator is fixed on the opposite side at the interior middle part of housing,Anion generator、Two blower fans are fixed on the top of housing,Described HEPA high efficiency particulate air filter、Active carbon filter is fixed on air inlet,Described circuit control device respectively with anion generator、Two blower fans、Ozonator、On and off switch、LED light electrically connects.In the technical scheme of this patent, HEPA high efficiency particulate air filter is the drainage screen that can reach HEPA standard, it is to utilize the absorbability of activated carbon to carry out filtering that activated carbon is drawn through filter, the most do not break away from filter net jam, do not have filter effect, often change or clean the problem that filter screen is wasted time and energy etc., the limited sorption capacity of activated carbon simultaneously, also needs often to change activated carbon, guarantee filter effect.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is that and overcomes the deficiencies in the prior art, provide a kind of PM2.5 air cleaner, this utility model is without drainage screen, break away from use filter screen filtration in prior art, the drainage screen blocking that brings and cause poor filtration effect, drainage screen need to often be changed or clean, and the problem such as waste time and energy, this utility model combines nebulization dust and electrostatic precipitation and air is carried out purified treatment, good purification.
To achieve these goals, this utility model provides a kind of PM2.5 air cleaner, including PM2.5 concentration detector, controller, air intake blower fan, atomization dust-collecting equipment, electrostatic precipitator, air-out blower fan, described PM2.5 concentration detector is connected with described controller, described controller is connected with described air intake blower fan, atomization dust-collecting equipment, electrostatic precipitator, air-out blower fan, and described air intake blower fan, atomization dust-collecting equipment, electrostatic precipitator and air-out blower fan are sequentially connected and connect.
Further, described PM2.5 air cleaner also includes casing, described air intake blower fan is arranged on the top of described casing lateral wall, described atomization dust-collecting equipment is installed on rear side of the exhaust outlet of described air intake blower fan and in described casing, the exhaust outlet of described atomization dust-collecting equipment is connected with the air inlet of described electrostatic precipitator, the exhaust outlet of described electrostatic precipitator is connected with described air-out blower fan, and described air-out blower fan is arranged on the lower section of described casing lateral wall.
Further, described atomization dust-collecting equipment includes nebulization dust case, motor, water pump, water tank, make mist machine and waterfog head, the air inlet communicated with the exhaust outlet of described air intake blower fan it is provided with and exhaust outlet that the air inlet with described electrostatic precipitator is connected on described nebulization dust case, described waterfog head is arranged on the upper end of described nebulization dust chamber interior wall, the discharge outlet of described water tank is connected with described mist machine of making by described water pump, described mist machine of making is connected with described waterfog head, described water pump is connected with described motor, described motor is connected with described controller.
Further, the discharge outlet of described water tank is connected with the water inlet of described defecator, and the filtering water outlet of described defecator is connected with described water pump.
Further, the outlet of described water tank is connected by the water inlet of electromagnetic valve with described defecator, turbidity detector it is provided with on the filtering water outlet of described defecator, described turbidity detector is connected with described controller, described controller is connected with described electromagnetic valve, and described controller is connected with alarm device.
Further, the outside of described casing is additionally provided with exsiccator, the purification air exhaust outlet of described air-out blower fan is connected with described exsiccator by moisture detector, and described moisture detector is connected with described controller, and described controller is connected with described exsiccator.
During use, PM2.5 concentration detector detects PM2.5 levels in air in real time, the concentration value of detection is sent to controller by PM2.5 concentration detector simultaneously, controller receives the concentration value post analysis of PM2.5 concentration detector transmission and judges that sheet is managed, when the least concentration value preset in the concentration of PM2.5 is higher than controller, controller starts air intake blower fan, the motor of atomization dust-collecting equipment, electrostatic precipitator and air-out blower fan, and air is carried out PM2.5 purified treatment.Air intake blower fan suction air enters the nebulization dust case of atomization dust-collecting equipment, the now output filtering water after defecator filters of the water in water tank, water pump rotates under the effect of motor, and be delivered to make mist machine carry out making mist by crossing drainage, then utilize waterfog head to spray, thus the air in nebulization dust case is carried out nebulization dust process.Air after nebulization dust enters electrostatic precipitator, electrostatic precipitation further to air under the effect of electrostatic precipitator from the exhaust outlet of nebulization dust case.The air that purifies obtained through electrostatic precipitation is discharged under the effect of air-out blower fan, more than completes the whole PM2.5 purification process of air.
The beneficial effects of the utility model: this utility model combines nebulization dust and electrostatic precipitation and air is carried out purified treatment, good purification.This utility model, without drainage screen, has broken away from prior art use filter screen filtration, the drainage screen brought blocking and cause poor filtration effect, drainage screen need to often be changed or clean, and the problem such as waste time and energy.This utility model is by containing the concentration of PM2.5 in PM2.5 concentration detector detection air simultaneously, utilizes controller intelligent starting PM2.5 air purification process, and intelligent high, controllability is strong, saves the energy.
Accompanying drawing explanation
In order to be illustrated more clearly that this utility model embodiment or technical scheme of the prior art, the accompanying drawing used required in embodiment or description of the prior art will be briefly described below, apparently, accompanying drawing in describing below is only embodiments more of the present utility model, for those of ordinary skill in the art, on the premise of not paying creative work, it is also possible to obtain other accompanying drawing according to these accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is the block schematic illustration of this utility model embodiment.
Above-mentioned reference:
1PM2.5 concentration detector, 2 controllers, 3 air intake blower fans, 4 atomization dust-collecting equipments, 5 electrostatic precipitators, 6 air-out blower fans.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings utility model is further illustrated, but be not limited to scope of the present utility model.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of PM2.5 air cleaner that this utility model provides, including PM2.5 concentration detector 1, controller 2, air intake blower fan 3, atomization dust-collecting equipment 4, electrostatic precipitator 5, air-out blower fan 6, described PM2.5 concentration detector 1 is connected with described controller 2, described controller 2 is connected with described air intake blower fan 3, atomization dust-collecting equipment 4, electrostatic precipitator 5, air-out blower fan 6, and described air intake blower fan 3, atomization dust-collecting equipment 4, electrostatic precipitator 5 and air-out blower fan 6 are sequentially connected and connect.
Described PM2.5 air cleaner of the present utility model also includes casing, described air intake blower fan 3 is arranged on the top of described casing lateral wall, described atomization dust-collecting equipment 4 is installed on rear side of the exhaust outlet of described air intake blower fan 3 and in described casing, the exhaust outlet of described atomization dust-collecting equipment 4 is connected with the air inlet of described electrostatic precipitator 5, the exhaust outlet of described electrostatic precipitator 5 is connected with described air-out blower fan 6, and described air-out blower fan 6 is arranged on the lower section of described casing lateral wall.
Described atomization dust-collecting equipment 4 of the present utility model includes nebulization dust case, motor, water pump, water tank, makes mist machine and waterfog head, the air inlet communicated with the exhaust outlet of described air intake blower fan 3 it is provided with and exhaust outlet that the air inlet with described electrostatic precipitator 5 is connected on described nebulization dust case, described waterfog head is arranged on the upper end of described nebulization dust chamber interior wall, the discharge outlet of described water tank is connected with described mist machine of making by described water pump, described water pump is connected with described motor, and described motor is connected with described controller 2.
Low for ensureing the water smoke containing filth amount of waterfog head ejection, improve nebulization dust effect, the discharge outlet of described water tank of the present utility model is connected with the water inlet of described defecator, and the filtering water outlet of described defecator is connected with described water pump.Water tank output water through defecator filter after, under the effect of water pump, be delivered to make mist machine make mist, after from waterfog head shower nozzle, drastically increase nebulization dust effect.
During use, PM2.5 concentration detector 1 detects PM2.5 levels in air in real time, the concentration value of detection is sent to controller 2 by PM2.5 concentration detector 1 simultaneously, controller 2 receives the concentration value post analysis of PM2.5 concentration detector 1 transmission and judges that sheet is managed, when the least concentration value preset in the concentration of PM2.5 is higher than controller 2, controller 2 starts air intake blower fan 3, the motor of atomization dust-collecting equipment 4, electrostatic precipitator 5 and air-out blower fan 6, and air is carried out PM2.5 purified treatment.Air intake blower fan 3 aspirates air and enters the nebulization dust case of atomization dust-collecting equipment 4, the now output filtering water after defecator filters of the water in water tank, water pump rotates under the effect of motor, and be delivered to make mist machine carry out making mist by crossing drainage, then utilize waterfog head to spray, thus the air in nebulization dust case is carried out nebulization dust process.Air after nebulization dust enters electrostatic precipitator 5, electrostatic precipitation further to air under the effect of electrostatic precipitator 5 from the exhaust outlet of nebulization dust case.The air that purifies obtained through electrostatic precipitation is discharged under the effect of air-out blower fan 6, more than completes the whole PM2.5 purification process of air.
For ensureing the filter effect of defecator, the water smoke containing filth amount that waterfog head is sprayed is extremely low, improve nebulization dust effect, the outlet of described water tank of the present utility model is connected by the water inlet of electromagnetic valve with described defecator, turbidity detector it is provided with on the filtering water outlet of described defecator, described turbidity detector is connected with described controller, and described controller is connected with described electromagnetic valve, and described controller is connected with alarm device.The turbidity detector containing filth amount crossed in drainage after monitoring defecator filters in real time, and the containing filth amount value of monitoring is sent to controller 2, controller 2 receives the containing filth amount value post analysis judgement process that turbidity detector sends, when containing filth amount value is higher than the minimum containing filth amount value preset, controller 2 sends switching signal to electromagnetic valve, electromagnetic valve cuts out immediately, water in water tank is no longer delivered to defecator, and controller 2 sends alarm signal to alarm device, alarm device sends sound and light alarm, mention that user changes the filter element of defecator in time, to ensure the filter effect of defecator.
For ensureing that the humidity purifying air that air-out blower fan 6 is discharged meets actual demand, overly wet purification air is avoided to discharge, cause quadratic problem further, realize purifying controlling of air humidity simultaneously, the outside of described casing of the present utility model is additionally provided with exsiccator, the purification air exhaust outlet of described air-out blower fan 6 is connected with described exsiccator by moisture detector, and described moisture detector is connected with described controller 2, and described controller 2 is connected with described exsiccator.By the setting Based Intelligent Control indoor humidity of moisture detector, when moisture detector detects that indoor humidity is higher than standard value, moisture detector can control the heating-up temperature rising of exsiccator by controller 2, improve drying efficiency thus reduce the moisture content purifying air, when moisture detector detects that indoor humidity is less than standard value, moisture detector can control the heating-up temperature reduction of exsiccator by controller 2, improves drying efficiency thus improves the moisture content of air.
Air intake blower fan 3 of the present utility model and air-out blower fan 6, be dependent on the mechanical energy of input, improves gas pressure and supplies gas side by side the machinery of body.By air intake blower fan 3, air being pumped into atomization dust-collecting equipment 4, the purification air discharged by electrostatic precipitator 5 by air-out blower fan 6 is discharged.
Electrostatic precipitation of the present utility model is the one of dedusting method.Dusty gas is electrically isolated through high-voltage electrostatic field, after grit is combined the upper negative electricity of band with anion, tends to anode surface electric discharge and deposits.In order to purify gas or to reclaim useful grit in the industry such as metallurgical, chemical.Electrostatic field is utilized to make gas ionization so that dust particles is adsorbed onto the collecting method on electrode.In highfield, air molecule is ionized as cation and electronics, and electronics marches on towards and runs into grit in anode process, makes the electronegative positive pole that is adsorbed onto of grit be collected.
Common PM2.5 air cleaner uses filter screen to carry out air filtering, easily causes drainage screen to block, and dust is cumulative, not only poor filtration effect, easily cause secondary pollution, the most also there is no sterilization effect, and electrostatic precipitator technology has following advantage: (1) efficiency of dust collection is high;(2) relatively atm number can be purified;(3) the particle diameter wider range that can remove;(4) can the higher ash-laden gas of purification temperature;(5) simple in construction, air velocity is low, and the pressure loss is little;(6) energy expenditure is lower than other types cleaner unit;(7) electric cleaner can realize microcomputer control, remote-controlled operation.
Of the present utility model ultimate principle, principal character and of the present utility model advantage have more than been shown and described.Skilled person will appreciate that of the industry; this utility model is not restricted to the described embodiments; described in above-described embodiment and description, principle of the present utility model is simply described; on the premise of without departing from this utility model spirit and scope, this utility model also has various changes and modifications, in the range of these changes and improvements both fall within claimed this utility model.This utility model claims scope and is defined by appending claims and equivalent thereof.

Claims (6)

1. a PM2.5 air cleaner, it is characterized in that: include PM2.5 concentration detector, controller, air intake blower fan, atomization dust-collecting equipment, electrostatic precipitator, air-out blower fan, described PM2.5 concentration detector is connected with described controller, described controller is connected with described air intake blower fan, atomization dust-collecting equipment, electrostatic precipitator, air-out blower fan, and described air intake blower fan, atomization dust-collecting equipment, electrostatic precipitator and air-out blower fan are sequentially connected and connect.
PM2.5 air cleaner the most according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described PM2.5 air cleaner also includes casing, described air intake blower fan is arranged on the top of described casing lateral wall, described atomization dust-collecting equipment is installed on rear side of the exhaust outlet of described air intake blower fan and in described casing, the exhaust outlet of described atomization dust-collecting equipment is connected with the air inlet of described electrostatic precipitator, the exhaust outlet of described electrostatic precipitator is connected with described air-out blower fan, and described air-out blower fan is arranged on the lower section of described casing lateral wall.
PM2.5 air cleaner the most according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, described atomization dust-collecting equipment includes nebulization dust case, motor, water pump, water tank, make mist machine and waterfog head, the air inlet communicated with the exhaust outlet of described air intake blower fan it is provided with and exhaust outlet that the air inlet with described electrostatic precipitator is connected on described nebulization dust case, described waterfog head is arranged on the upper end of described nebulization dust chamber interior wall, the discharge outlet of described water tank is connected with described mist machine of making by described water pump, described mist machine of making is connected with described waterfog head, described water pump is connected with described motor, described motor is connected with described controller.
PM2.5 air cleaner the most according to claim 3, it is characterised in that the discharge outlet of described water tank is connected with the water inlet of defecator, the filtering water outlet of described defecator is connected with described water pump.
PM2.5 air cleaner the most according to claim 4, it is characterized in that, the outlet of described water tank is connected by the water inlet of electromagnetic valve with described defecator, turbidity detector it is provided with on the filtering water outlet of described defecator, described turbidity detector is connected with described controller, described controller is connected with described electromagnetic valve, and described controller is connected with alarm device.
PM2.5 air cleaner the most according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, the outside of described casing is additionally provided with exsiccator, the purification air exhaust outlet of described air-out blower fan is connected with described exsiccator by moisture detector, described moisture detector is connected with described controller, and described controller is connected with described exsiccator.
CN201620109833.6U 2016-02-03 2016-02-03 PM2. 5 air purification device Expired - Fee Related CN205461587U (en)

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CN201620109833.6U CN205461587U (en) 2016-02-03 2016-02-03 PM2. 5 air purification device

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CN201620109833.6U CN205461587U (en) 2016-02-03 2016-02-03 PM2. 5 air purification device

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107158867A (en) * 2017-06-06 2017-09-15 王慧霞 Air cleaner
CN110237625A (en) * 2018-03-07 2019-09-17 陈磊 A kind of intelligence removes haze flying robot
CN110368762A (en) * 2018-04-12 2019-10-25 宁波大学 A kind of low energy consumption outdoor air purification system purifying natural wind

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107158867A (en) * 2017-06-06 2017-09-15 王慧霞 Air cleaner
CN110237625A (en) * 2018-03-07 2019-09-17 陈磊 A kind of intelligence removes haze flying robot
CN110368762A (en) * 2018-04-12 2019-10-25 宁波大学 A kind of low energy consumption outdoor air purification system purifying natural wind
CN110368762B (en) * 2018-04-12 2021-07-30 宁波大学 Purify natural wind's low energy consumption outdoor air purification system

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GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
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Granted publication date: 20160817

Termination date: 20180203