CN205383820U - Air conditioner device is united in carbon dioxide geomantic omen - Google Patents

Air conditioner device is united in carbon dioxide geomantic omen Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205383820U
CN205383820U CN201620064537.9U CN201620064537U CN205383820U CN 205383820 U CN205383820 U CN 205383820U CN 201620064537 U CN201620064537 U CN 201620064537U CN 205383820 U CN205383820 U CN 205383820U
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China
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air
water
heat exchanger
heat
carbon
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CN201620064537.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
邹志胜
朱建章
孙兆军
黄保民
赵建华
吴彬
王天成
提常亮
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China Railway Design Corp
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Third Railway Survey and Design Institute Group Corp
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Priority to CN201620064537.9U priority Critical patent/CN205383820U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an air conditioner device is united in carbon dioxide geomantic omen, include exhaust compressor, a heat transfer device, the 2nd heat transfer device, throttling arrangement, switching valve and refrigerant pipeline behind the carbon dioxide refrigerant compress, this air conditioner device still includes gas water heat exchanger, the refrigerant pipeline connects into refrigerant closed circulation loop with compressor, switching valve, a heat transfer device, throttling arrangement, the 2nd heat transfer device gentleness water heat exchanger, fill dress carbon dioxide refrigerant in the refrigerant pipeline. The utility model discloses an air conditioner device is united in carbon dioxide geomantic omen, during winter heating, gas water heat exchanger can make high temperature hot water, and return water temperature also can be higher than 40 DEG C, is suitable for the various hot water heating room system in present home, the 2nd finned heat exchanger and room air or outdoor air directly carry out the heat exchange, can remedy gas water heat exchanger because of the problem that the heat supply efficiency of the too high carbon dioxide of the resulting in air conditioner device of return water temperature is low, realize hot -blastly allying oneself with the confession effect with hot water.

Description

A kind of wind and water combined air-conditioning device of carbon dioxide
Technical field
This utility model relates to a kind of carbon dioxide air-conditioning device, particularly relates to a kind of wind and water combined air-conditioning device of carbon dioxide.
Background technology
Critical parameters (the critical temperature t of carbon dioxidec=31.06 DEG C, pc=7377.65kPa) determine mode and basic feature that carbon dioxide heat-pump circulation should adopt.Due to the critical temperature that it is relatively low, time during cooling in summer by the restriction of ambient temperature and Winter heat supply, the needs of hot water temperature, determine Carbon Dioxide Application when art of heat pumps, should adopt the mode of trans critical cycle.Due to the characteristic of its trans critical cycle, have in providing domestic hot-water for warming up and surmount the conventional hot pump performance of freon.Simultaneously carbon dioxide is natural refrigerant, and the destruction of ozone layer and greenhouse effect are gathered effect, is almost negligible.
At present, carbon dioxide air source heat pump also begins to for heating, but hot water is first made all through source pump, then hot water passes into radiator again, in fan coil or the end equipment such as air conditioning unit, heated by the heat exchange of wind Yu water, and the minimum return water temperature of all hot water heating modes is all more than 35 DEG C, exceed the critical temperature of carbon dioxide working medium, if heating backwater is passed directly in two sample carbon source pump, its heating efficiency can be non-normally low, even run difficulty, at present, have tried to adopt following several ways to solve problem above, a kind of mode is by installing a set of water-loop heat pump additional at hot water side, source pump is entered back into after end return water temperature is down to the inflow temperature meeting source pump.Another mode is to change water-loop heat pump into heat exchanger, and by return pipe and refrigerant pipe heat exchange, both the above mode is very limited to the lifting effect of carbon dioxide heat-pump unit heating efficiency.
Utility model content
This utility model is for above-mentioned problems of the prior art, it is provided that a kind of wind and water combined air-conditioning device of carbon dioxide.
This utility model is adopted the technical scheme that by this problem of solution:
A kind of wind and water combined air-conditioning device of carbon dioxide, including the compressor discharged after being compressed by carbon dioxide coolant, the first heat-exchanger rig, the second heat-exchanger rig, throttling arrangement, switching valve and refrigerant tubing;This air-conditioning device also includes air-water heat exchanger;Compressor, switching valve, the first heat-exchanger rig, throttling arrangement, the second heat-exchanger rig and air-water heat exchanger are connected into cold-producing medium closed cycle loop by refrigerant tubing;Carbon dioxide coolant is filled in refrigerant tubing.
The first described heat-exchanger rig includes the first finned heat exchanger and the first blower fan that connect in groups.Second heat-exchanger rig includes the air inlet, the second finned heat exchanger, the second blower fan and the air outlet that connect in groups successively;Second finned heat exchanger and air-water heat exchanger are connected in series.
Described water inlet pipe is connected with the water inlet of air-water heat exchanger, and outlet pipe is connected with the outlet of air-water heat exchanger, is full of recirculated water in water inlet pipe and outlet pipe.
This utility model has the advantage that and has the benefit effect that
The wind and water combined air-conditioning device of carbon dioxide of the present utility model, during Winter heat supply, air-water heat exchanger can make high-temperature-hot-water, and return water temperature can also be higher than 40 DEG C, namely higher than the critical temperature of carbon dioxide, is suitable for current domestic various hot-water heating systems.Second finned heat exchanger and room air or outdoor air are made directly heat exchange, due to indoor air temperature or winter outside air temperature be below less than 20 DEG C, lower than carbon dioxide critical temperature 31.06 DEG C, such that it is able to make up the problem that air-water heat exchanger causes the heating efficiency of carbon dioxide air-conditioning device low because return water temperature is too high, realize hot blast and hot-water combined supplying effect, not only have large space hot-air heating but also have the place of hot water heating demand to provide a kind of practical energy saving and environment friendly heating plant for north cold area.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the wind and water combined air-conditioning device of carbon dioxide of the present utility model.
Critical piece symbol description in accompanying drawing:
1: the first finned heat exchanger 2: the first blower fan
3: throttling arrangement 4: switching valve
5: compressor 6: refrigerant tubing
7: the second blower fan 8: the second finned heat exchangers
9: air inlet 10: air outlet
11: air-water heat exchanger 12: water inlet pipe
13: outlet pipe.
Detailed description of the invention
Referring to drawings and the specific embodiments, the wind and water combined air-conditioning device of carbon dioxide of the present utility model is described further.Following each embodiment is merely to illustrate this utility model and is not limitation of the utility model.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the wind and water combined air-conditioning device of carbon dioxide of the present utility model.As shown in Figure 1, the wind and water combined air-conditioning device of carbon dioxide of the present utility model, including compressor the 5, first heat-exchanger rig discharged after being compressed by carbon dioxide coolant, the second heat-exchanger rig, throttling arrangement, switching valve 4, air-water heat exchanger 11 and refrigerant tubing 6.Compressor 5, switching valve the 4, first heat-exchanger rig, throttling arrangement the 3, second heat-exchanger rig and air-water heat exchanger 11 are connected into cold-producing medium closed cycle loop by refrigerant tubing 6.Carbon dioxide coolant is filled in refrigerant tubing 6.
First heat-exchanger rig includes the first finned heat exchanger 1 and the first blower fan 2 connected in groups.
Second heat-exchanger rig includes air inlet the 9, second finned heat exchanger the 8, second blower fan 7 and the air outlet 10 that connect in groups successively.Second finned heat exchanger 8 is connected in series with air-water heat exchanger 11.
Water inlet pipe 12 is connected with the water inlet of air-water heat exchanger 11, and outlet pipe 13 is connected with the outlet of air-water heat exchanger 11, is full of recirculated water in water inlet pipe 12 and outlet pipe 13.
The operation principle of carbon dioxide of the present utility model wind and water combined air-conditioning device is as follows:
Compressor, switching valve, the first finned heat exchanger, the second finned heat exchanger, throttling arrangement, air-water heat exchanger, refrigerant tubing are arranged in series, by the switching valve on refrigerant tubing, it is achieved different operational modes:
When winter needs heat supply, by changing the direction of switching valve, make the carbon dioxide coolant of High Temperature High Pressure from compressor out after, first flow through air-water heat exchanger, heat exchange is carried out with the recirculated water in water inlet pipe and outlet pipe, make high-temperature-hot-water and send into the room needing heating, carbon dioxide coolant becomes time High Temperature High Pressure, pass through the second finned heat exchanger, and by opening the second blower fan, Cryogenic air is made to enter from air inlet, high temperature air is become after flowing through the carbon dioxide coolant heat exchange of the second finned heat exchanger and time High Temperature High Pressure, discharge from air outlet, sending into needs the room of heating to heat;And carbon dioxide coolant enters in throttling arrangement after becoming cryogenic high pressure, the first finned heat exchanger is entered back into after becoming low-temp low-pressure, and by opening the first blower fan, make outdoor air flow through the first finned heat exchanger and with the carbon dioxide coolant heat exchange of low-temp low-pressure after become Cryogenic air and enter outdoor again, and after the heat of carbon dioxide coolant absorption chamber outer air, flow back to again in compressor, form a heating cycle.
nullWhen needing summer to freeze,By changing the direction of switching valve,Make the carbon dioxide coolant of High Temperature High Pressure from compressor out after,First flow through the first finned heat exchanger,And by opening the first blower fan,Make outdoor air flow through the first finned heat exchanger and with the carbon dioxide coolant heat exchange of High Temperature High Pressure after become high temperature air and enter outdoor again,And carbon dioxide coolant enters in throttling arrangement after becoming cryogenic high pressure after discharging heat to outdoor air,Become low-temp low-pressure and enter back into the second finned heat exchanger,And by opening the second blower fan,High temperature air is made to enter from air inlet,Cryogenic air is become after flowing through the carbon dioxide coolant heat exchange of the second finned heat exchanger and low-temp low-pressure,Discharge from air outlet,Send into and need the room of refrigeration to carry out cooling,Carbon dioxide coolant becomes time low-temp low-pressure,Flow into air-water heat exchanger again,Heat exchange is carried out with the recirculated water in water inlet pipe and outlet pipe,Make low-temperature cold water and send into the room needing cooling,Carbon dioxide coolant flows back in compressor again,Form one for SAPMAC method.
Existing carbon dioxide air source heat pump first makes hot water owing to adopting, and then passes in radiator, fan coil or the end equipment such as air conditioning unit again, is heated by the heat exchange of wind Yu water, and its heating efficiency is relatively low, also cannot popularization and application.And air-water heat exchanger and the second finned heat exchanger are connected in series by this device, again by wind and finned heat exchanger direct heat transfer, high-temperature-hot-water can be made, return water temperature is without being down to below carbon dioxide critical temperature, also can overcome the disadvantages that air-water heat exchanger causes the problem that carbon dioxide air-conditioning device heating efficiency is low because return water temperature is too high, it is achieved hot blast and hot-water combined supplying effect.The wind and water combined air-conditioning device of carbon dioxide of the present utility model, when solving current carbon dioxide air source heat pump for heating, not only due to the return water temperature problem that the heating efficiency that causes is too low higher than carbon dioxide critical temperature, particularly there is large space hot-air heating but also have the place of hot water heating demand to provide a kind of practical energy saving and environment friendly heating plant for north cold area.

Claims (4)

1. the wind and water combined air-conditioning device of carbon dioxide, including compressor (5), the first heat-exchanger rig, the second heat-exchanger rig, throttling arrangement (3), switching valve (4) and refrigerant tubing (6);It is characterized in that: this air-conditioning device also includes air-water heat exchanger (11);Compressor (5), switching valve (4), the first heat-exchanger rig, throttling arrangement (3), the second heat-exchanger rig and air-water heat exchanger (11) are connected into cold-producing medium closed cycle loop by refrigerant tubing (6);Refrigerant tubing fills carbon dioxide coolant in (6).
2. the wind and water combined air-conditioning device of carbon dioxide according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the first heat-exchanger rig includes the first finned heat exchanger (1) and the first blower fan (2) that connect in groups.
3. the wind and water combined air-conditioning device of carbon dioxide according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the second heat-exchanger rig includes the air inlet (9), the second finned heat exchanger (8), the second blower fan (7) and the air outlet (10) that connect in groups successively.
4. the wind and water combined air-conditioning device of carbon dioxide according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the second finned heat exchanger (8) and air-water heat exchanger (11) are connected in series.
CN201620064537.9U 2016-01-25 2016-01-25 Air conditioner device is united in carbon dioxide geomantic omen Active CN205383820U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620064537.9U CN205383820U (en) 2016-01-25 2016-01-25 Air conditioner device is united in carbon dioxide geomantic omen

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620064537.9U CN205383820U (en) 2016-01-25 2016-01-25 Air conditioner device is united in carbon dioxide geomantic omen

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CN205383820U true CN205383820U (en) 2016-07-13

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105526744A (en) * 2016-01-25 2016-04-27 铁道第三勘察设计院集团有限公司 Carbon dioxide wind-water combined air conditioner device

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105526744A (en) * 2016-01-25 2016-04-27 铁道第三勘察设计院集团有限公司 Carbon dioxide wind-water combined air conditioner device

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CP01 Change in the name or title of a patent holder

Address after: 300142 Hebei District, Zhongshan Road, No. 10,

Patentee after: China Railway Design Group Limited

Address before: 300142 Hebei District, Zhongshan Road, No. 10,

Patentee before: China Railway Third Survey and Design Institute Group Ltd.

CP01 Change in the name or title of a patent holder