CN205328646U - Tombarthite processing effluent treatment plant - Google Patents

Tombarthite processing effluent treatment plant Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205328646U
CN205328646U CN201620019574.8U CN201620019574U CN205328646U CN 205328646 U CN205328646 U CN 205328646U CN 201620019574 U CN201620019574 U CN 201620019574U CN 205328646 U CN205328646 U CN 205328646U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
effect
knockout drum
evaporator
steam
preheater
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn - After Issue
Application number
CN201620019574.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
朱亚清
蒋洪才
周健
蒋逸波
李艳芬
徐敏
陈春琴
邹建东
刘玉平
施建兴
周志新
蒋网生
蒋宏
施碧峰
黄耀忠
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CHINALCO RARE EARTH (CHANGZHOU) Co Ltd
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CHINALCO RARE EARTH (CHANGZHOU) Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201620019574.8U priority Critical patent/CN205328646U/en
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Publication of CN205328646U publication Critical patent/CN205328646U/en
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a industrial wastewater treatment field, a tombarthite processing effluent treatment plant, including 1st effective evaporator, an effect knockout drum, two -effect evaporation ware, two effect knockout drum, triple -effect evaporator and triple effect knockout drums, the 1st effective evaporator and one imitate between the knockout drum, the two -effect evaporation ware imitates and passes through the circulating pump between the knockout drums and between triple -effect evaporator and the triple effect knockout drum and communicate with two, all be provided with steam inlet and condensate outlet on 1st effective evaporator, two -effect evaporation ware and the triple -effect evaporator, one imitates knockout drum, two effect knockout drums and triple effect knockout drum connects gradually, is provided with steam outlet on it, a two -effect evaporation ware steam inlet and an effect knockout drum steam outlet are connected, and triple -effect evaporator steam inlet and two effect knockout drum steam outlet are connected, and triple effect knockout drum steam outlet is connected with first pre -heater, and 1st effective evaporator steam inlet is connected with the vapour source, two -effect evaporation ware and triple -effect evaporator's condensate outlet is connected with the second pre -heater, the concentrate exit linkage has the solid -liquid separation ware.

Description

A kind of rare earth processing waste water processes device
Technical field
This utility model relates to field of industrial waste water treatment, particularly relates to a kind of rare earth processing useless process device。
Background technology
Rare earth waste recovering rare earth element obtains rare earth metal through oxidizing roasting, grinding, acid-soluble, extraction, precipitation, calcination, electrolysis。Extract and separate is the main method producing high-purity rare-earth compound and metal, and oxalic acid precipitation or carbon ammonium precipitation produce rare earth oxalate or carbonated rare earth。In the process of whole neodymium iron boron waste material recovering rare earth, the main waste water of generation is saponification waste-water, oxalic acid precipitation acid waste water, carbonate deposition waste water。
Wherein acid strong in oxalic acid precipitation acid waste water。This type of Non-aqueous processing method original is to neutralize with carbon dust and medicine to reach pH value requirement, by discharging after plate filter pressing, clarification again。This type of method produces lime mud, and enterprise can produce substantial amounts of lime mud in consecutive production process, makes the plot ratio that enterprise stacks get more and more, progressively constrains the development of enterprise, and this type of processing method is relatively costly。
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to overcome prior art to there is the defect producing large quantities of lime slag in prior art middle rare earth processing waste water processing procedure, it is provided that a kind of rare earth processing is useless processes device。
This utility model solves its technical problem and be the technical scheme is that a kind of rare earth processing waste water processes device, including 1st effective evaporator, an effect knockout drum, 2nd effect evaporator, two effect knockout drums, triple effect evaporator and triple effect knockout drum;Connected by circulating pump between described 1st effective evaporator and an effect knockout drum, between 2nd effect evaporator and two effect knockout drums and between triple effect evaporator with triple effect knockout drum;Being provided with steam inlet and condensation-water drain on described 1st effective evaporator, 2nd effect evaporator and triple effect evaporator, a described effect knockout drum, two effect knockout drums and triple effect knockout drum are sequentially connected with, and are provided with steam (vapor) outlet on it;Described 2nd effect evaporator steam inlet is imitated knockout drum steam (vapor) outlet with described one and is connected, described triple effect evaporator steam inlet is imitated knockout drum steam (vapor) outlet with described two and is connected, described triple effect knockout drum steam (vapor) outlet is connected to the first preheater, and described 1st effective evaporator steam inlet is connected to vapour source;The condensation-water drain of described 2nd effect evaporator and triple effect evaporator is connected to the second preheater, and waste water is entered triple effect knockout drum through the first preheater and the second preheater by material inlet;It is additionally provided with concentrated solution outlet bottom a described effect knockout drum;Described second preheater is provided with hydrochloric acid outlet, and described concentrated solution outlet is connected to solid-liquid separator。
As preferably, for further waste water raw material being preheated, the condensation-water drain of described 1st effective evaporator is connected to the 3rd preheater, and described material is entered triple effect knockout drum through described first preheater, the 3rd preheater and the second preheater by material inlet。
As preferably, for make full use of condensed water that raw steam produces temperature, re-use, the 3rd described preheater condensation-water drain is connected with steam generator, the steam (vapor) outlet described vapour source of connection of described steam generator。
As preferably, being collected for the condensed water that the first preheater is formed, the first described preheater is provided with condensation-water drain, the described condensation mouth of a river is connected to aqua storage tank, and described aqua storage tank is connected to vacuum pump unit。Utilize vacuum pump unit can produce vacuum in 1st effective evaporator and an effect knockout drum, reduce the boiling point of waste water in 1st effective evaporator and an effect knockout drum, be conducive to low-temperature evaporation。
Utilizing above-mentioned rare earth processing waste water to process device and carry out the technique of rare earth processing waste water process, flow process is as follows:
(1) rare earth processing waste water enters in triple effect knockout drum through the first preheater, the second preheater, and circulate between triple effect knockout drum and triple effect evaporator, form a circulating and evaporating system, when waste water is after circulating-heating to evaporating temperature, triple effect knockout drum completes gas-liquid separation, the indirect steam being formed with enters the first preheater through steam (vapor) outlet, and concentrated solution enters two effect knockout drums;
In (2) two effect knockout drums, waste water imitates circulation between knockout drum and 2nd effect evaporator two, form circulating and evaporating system, when waste water is after circulating-heating to evaporating temperature, imitate in knockout drum two and complete gas-liquid separation, the indirect steam formed enters triple effect evaporator through steam (vapor) outlet, and concentrated solution enters an effect knockout drum;
In (3) one effect knockout drums, waste water imitates circulation between knockout drum and 1st effective evaporator one, form circulating and evaporating system, the raw steam of vapour source enters 1st effective evaporator through steam inlet, when waste water is after circulating-heating to evaporating temperature, imitate in knockout drum one and complete gas-liquid separator, form indirect steam and enter 2nd effect evaporator through steam (vapor) outlet, concentrate liquid crystal solid-liquid separator solid-liquid separation, prepare oxalic acid;
(4) waste water in it is heated by 2nd effect evaporator and the interior condensed water formed of triple effect evaporator through the second preheater, and condensed water is finally discharged to hydrochloric acid through the hydrochloric acid outlet of the second preheater and collects。
Further, waste water, through the 3rd preheater, is heated by the condensed water in 1st effective evaporator。
As preferably, described 3rd preheater condensation-water drain enters steam generator and again forms steam。
Further, described triple effect evaporator internal gas pressure is 0.06MPa~0.08MPa。
As preferably, in described 1st effective evaporator, temperature is 95~100 DEG C, and in described 2nd effect evaporator, temperature is 80~90 DEG C, and in described triple effect evaporator, temperature is 60~70 DEG C
Beneficial effect: take into full account hydrochloric acid and oxalic acid character in the application, adopts triple effect evaporation segregation apparatus to separate from rare earth processing waste water, reclaim hydrochloric acid and oxalic acid so that in waste water, hydrochloric acid and oxalic acid can re-use, it is to avoid to produce large quantities of lime slag;Triple effect evaporation piece-rate system can make full use of indirect steam, and energy utilization rate is high, it is to avoid energy waste, saves entreprise cost。
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, this utility model is described in further detail。
Fig. 1 is that rare earth processing waste water processes apparatus structure schematic diagram。
Wherein: 1. 1st effective evaporator, 2. one knockout drum, 3. 2nd effect evaporator are imitated, 4. two effect knockout drum, 5. triple effect evaporator, 6. triple effect knockout drum, 7. the first preheater, 8. the second preheater, 9. the 3rd preheater, 10. vapour source, 11. solid-liquid separator, 12. hydrochloric acid collecting pipes, 13. circulating pumps, 14. aqua storage tank, 15. positive empty pump assemblys。It addition, dotted line represents route for steam, including raw route for steam and indirect steam route;Double dot dash line represents condensed water route;Realization represents waste water or concentrated solution route。
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment
As it is shown in figure 1, a kind of rare earth processing waste water processes device, imitate knockout drum 2,2nd effect evaporator 3, two effect knockout drum 4, triple effect evaporator 5 and triple effect knockout drum 6 including 1st effective evaporator 1,;Described 1st effective evaporator 1 is imitated between knockout drum 2 with one, 2nd effect evaporator 3 is imitated between knockout drum 4 with two and connected by circulating pump 13 between triple effect evaporator 5 with triple effect knockout drum 6;Being provided with steam inlet and condensation-water drain on described 1st effective evaporator 1,2nd effect evaporator 3 and triple effect evaporator 5, a described effect knockout drum 2, two imitates knockout drum 4 and triple effect knockout drum 6 is sequentially connected with, and is provided with steam (vapor) outlet on it;Described 2nd effect evaporator 3 steam inlet is imitated knockout drum 2 steam (vapor) outlet with described one and is connected, described triple effect evaporator 5 steam inlet is imitated knockout drum 4 steam (vapor) outlet with described two and is connected, described triple effect knockout drum 6 steam (vapor) outlet is connected to the first preheater 7, and described 1st effective evaporator 1 steam inlet is connected to vapour source 10;The condensation-water drain of described 2nd effect evaporator 3 and triple effect evaporator 5 is connected to the second preheater 8, the condensation-water drain of described 1st effective evaporator 1 is connected to the 3rd preheater 9, and described material is entered triple effect knockout drum 6 through described first preheater the 7, the 3rd preheater 9 and the second preheater 8 by material inlet;It is additionally provided with concentrated solution outlet bottom a described effect knockout drum 2;Described second preheater 8 is provided with hydrochloric acid outlet, and described concentrated solution outlet is connected to solid-liquid separator 11。
Being provided with condensation-water drain on the first described preheater 7, the described condensation mouth of a river is connected to aqua storage tank 14, and described aqua storage tank 14 is connected to vacuum pump unit 15。The 3rd described preheater 9 condensation-water drain is connected with steam generator, and the steam (vapor) outlet of described steam generator connects described vapour source 10。
Utilizing above-mentioned rare earth processing waste water to process device and carry out the technique of rare earth processing waste water process, flow process is as follows
(1) rare earth processing waste water enters in triple effect knockout drum 6 through the first preheater the 7, the 3rd preheater 9 and the second preheater 8, and circulate between triple effect knockout drum 6 and triple effect evaporator 5, form a circulating and evaporating system, when waste water is after circulating-heating to evaporating temperature, triple effect knockout drum 6 completes gas-liquid separation, the indirect steam being formed with enters the first preheater 7 through steam (vapor) outlet, and concentrated solution enters two effect knockout drums 4;Controlling described triple effect evaporator 5 internal gas pressure is 0.06MPa~0.08MPa, and in triple effect evaporator 5, temperature is 60~70 DEG C;
In (2) two effect knockout drums 4, waste water imitates circulation between knockout drum 4 and 2nd effect evaporator 3 two, controlling temperature in described 2nd effect evaporator 3 is 80~90 DEG C, form circulating and evaporating system, when waste water is after circulating-heating to evaporating temperature, imitate in knockout drum 4 two and complete gas-liquid separation, the indirect steam formed enters triple effect evaporator 5 through steam (vapor) outlet, and concentrated solution enters an effect knockout drum 2;
In (3) one effect knockout drums 2, waste water imitates circulation between knockout drum 2 and 1st effective evaporator 1 one, controlling temperature in 1st effective evaporator 1 is 95~100 DEG C, form circulating and evaporating system, the raw steam of vapour source 10 enters 1st effective evaporator 1 through steam inlet, when waste water is after circulating-heating to evaporating temperature, imitate one and knockout drum 2 completes gas-liquid separator, form indirect steam and enter 2nd effect evaporator 3 through steam (vapor) outlet, concentration liquid crystal solid-liquid separator 11 solid-liquid separation, prepares oxalic acid;Waste water, through the 3rd preheater 9, is heated by the condensed water in 1st effective evaporator 1, and described 3rd preheater 9 condensation-water drain enters steam generator and again forms steam;
(4) waste water in it is heated by 2nd effect evaporator 3 and the interior condensed water formed of triple effect evaporator 5 through the second preheater 8, and condensed water is finally discharged through the hydrochloric acid outlet of the second preheater 8, enters hydrochloric acid collecting tank 12 and carries out hydrochloric acid collection。
Wherein the waste water water content in triple effect knockout drum 6 is big, it is thus desirable to moisture is steamed by low temperature, and in waste water, water content is little in two effect knockout drums 4 and an effect knockout drum 2, containing more hydrochloric acid in steam, therefore using its condensation water collection as HCl recovery, being the saturated solution of oxalic acid in one effect knockout drum 2, separate through solid-liquid separator 11 and obtain oxalic acid solid crystal, mother solution Returning evaporimeter blood circulation continues vaporization cycle。Owing to rare earth processing waste water is acid big, therefore each apparatus and pipeline etc. all adopt the graphite liner of corrosion-resistant non-metallic material。
Should be appreciated that specific embodiment described above is only for explaining this utility model, be not used to limit this utility model。The apparent change extended out by spirit of the present utility model or variation are still among protection domain of the present utility model。

Claims (4)

1. a rare earth processing waste water processes device, it is characterised in that: include 1st effective evaporator (1), effect knockout drum (2), 2nd effect evaporator (3), two effects knockout drum (4), triple effect evaporator (5) and triple effect knockout drum (6);Described 1st effective evaporator (1) is imitated between knockout drum (2) with one, 2nd effect evaporator (3) is imitated between knockout drum (4) with two and connected by circulating pump (13) between triple effect evaporator (5) with triple effect knockout drum (6);Described 1st effective evaporator (1), 2nd effect evaporator (3) and triple effect evaporator (5) are provided with steam inlet and condensation-water drain, described one is imitated knockout drum (2), two effects knockout drum (4) and triple effect knockout drum (6) and is sequentially connected with, and is provided with steam (vapor) outlet on it;Described 2nd effect evaporator (3) steam inlet is imitated knockout drum (2) steam (vapor) outlet with described one and is connected, described triple effect evaporator (5) steam inlet is imitated knockout drum (4) steam (vapor) outlet with described two and is connected, described triple effect knockout drum (6) steam (vapor) outlet is connected to the first preheater (7), and described 1st effective evaporator (1) steam inlet is connected to vapour source (10);The condensation-water drain of described 2nd effect evaporator (3) and triple effect evaporator (5) is connected to the second preheater (8), and waste water is entered triple effect knockout drum (6) through the first preheater (7) and the second preheater (8) by material inlet;Described effect knockout drum (2) bottom is additionally provided with concentrated solution outlet;Described second preheater (8) is provided with hydrochloric acid outlet, and described concentrated solution outlet is connected to solid-liquid separator (11)。
2. rare earth processing waste water according to claim 1 processes device, it is characterized in that: the condensation-water drain of described 1st effective evaporator (1) is connected to the 3rd preheater (9), described material is entered triple effect knockout drum (6) through described first preheater (7), the 3rd preheater (9) and the second preheater (8) by material inlet。
3. rare earth processing waste water according to claim 2 processes device, it is characterised in that: the 3rd described preheater (9) condensation-water drain is connected with steam generator, and the steam (vapor) outlet of described steam generator connects described vapour source (10)。
4. rare earth processing waste water according to claim 1 processes device, it is characterized in that: described the first preheater (7) is provided with condensation-water drain, the described condensation mouth of a river is connected to aqua storage tank (14), and described aqua storage tank (14) is connected to vacuum pump unit (15)。
CN201620019574.8U 2016-01-08 2016-01-08 Tombarthite processing effluent treatment plant Withdrawn - After Issue CN205328646U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620019574.8U CN205328646U (en) 2016-01-08 2016-01-08 Tombarthite processing effluent treatment plant

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620019574.8U CN205328646U (en) 2016-01-08 2016-01-08 Tombarthite processing effluent treatment plant

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105645490A (en) * 2016-01-08 2016-06-08 中铝稀土(常州)有限公司 Rare-earth processing wastewater treatment plant and technique
CN105906132A (en) * 2016-06-28 2016-08-31 中铝广西国盛稀土开发有限公司 Rare-earth saponification wastewater comprehensive treatment system
CN105906131A (en) * 2016-06-28 2016-08-31 中铝广西国盛稀土开发有限公司 Method for recycling magnesium chloride from rare earth industrial wastewater
CN105967424A (en) * 2016-06-28 2016-09-28 中铝广西国盛稀土开发有限公司 Method for recycling rare earth extraction residual wastewater with high sodium salt content

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105645490A (en) * 2016-01-08 2016-06-08 中铝稀土(常州)有限公司 Rare-earth processing wastewater treatment plant and technique
CN105645490B (en) * 2016-01-08 2018-11-02 中铝稀土(常州)有限公司 A kind of rare earth processing waste water processing unit and technique
CN105906132A (en) * 2016-06-28 2016-08-31 中铝广西国盛稀土开发有限公司 Rare-earth saponification wastewater comprehensive treatment system
CN105906131A (en) * 2016-06-28 2016-08-31 中铝广西国盛稀土开发有限公司 Method for recycling magnesium chloride from rare earth industrial wastewater
CN105967424A (en) * 2016-06-28 2016-09-28 中铝广西国盛稀土开发有限公司 Method for recycling rare earth extraction residual wastewater with high sodium salt content

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AV01 Patent right actively abandoned
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Granted publication date: 20160622

Effective date of abandoning: 20181102