CN205246332U - Rail vehicle car end concerns that ten thousand become structural test platform - Google Patents

Rail vehicle car end concerns that ten thousand become structural test platform Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205246332U
CN205246332U CN201521042361.9U CN201521042361U CN205246332U CN 205246332 U CN205246332 U CN 205246332U CN 201521042361 U CN201521042361 U CN 201521042361U CN 205246332 U CN205246332 U CN 205246332U
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China
Prior art keywords
assembly
car end
car
watt
hitch
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CN201521042361.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
苏建
许影
陈学渊
张亨飏
张益瑞
牛治慧
张兰
陈雷
张雪平
陈秋雨
朱丽叶
丁兆祥
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Jilin University
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Jilin University
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a rail vehicle car end concerns that ten thousand become structural test platform, including the east structure of the same and symmetrical installation of structure and structure in the west, the structure concerns with a car end of installing on a 6 -degree of freedom motion platform top that ten thousand change structure assemblies constitute by a 6 -degree of freedom motion platform in the east, wherein, a car is held the coupling support post and the car end bearing counter -force framework assembly body front and back that concern ten thousand change structure assemblies and is installed side by side on rectangle load -bearing platform, it installs directly over the coupling support post to pinch the bearing made of baked clay assembly body, supporting headwall assembly body fixed connection is at car end bearing counter -force framework assembly body rear portion, flexible car end edge assembly body fixed connection is at supporting headwall assembly body rear portion, the three -dimensional force measuring platform assembly body is fixed and is passed the supporting headwall assembly body and the flexible car end edge assembly body in proper order at coupling support post rear portion and its half automotive vehicle hook assembly body.

Description

Rail vehicle end is related to that ten thousand become structural test platform
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of rail vehicle end parameter detecting test platform, more particularly, and this realityRelate to a kind of rail vehicle end and be related to that ten thousand become structural test platform with novel.
Background technology
At present, carry out under the prerequisite of railway speed raising principles and policies the operation speed of China's rail vehicle in ChinaDegree is greatly improved. This also makes EMUs technical development rapid, the EMUs that moved at presentMax. speed has reached 350km/h, and the EMUs max. speed in development has approached 500km/h. ButAlong with the raising of train running speed and the aggravation of vehicle axle weight load, the vibration aggravation between vehicle and track,Vehicle smoothness reduces, and the security of train and running stability problem become increasingly conspicuous. The performance of car endDirectly affect riding quality and the security of operation of EMUs (train). The test of car end relation should refer to and be arranged onThe parts of car body end are in train travelling process, because of relative motion between the each car body of train with pass through curve bendTime each parts relatively move and rotate, by the displacement of measurement component and the variation of power, measure car endThe parameter such as rigidity and damping, for train dynamics analysis provides data accurately.
Since the eighties in 20th century, world's rail vehicle has entered the epoch that develop rapidly. Canada's political affairsMansion has been ordered more than the 500 ATXES car ends that only connect for vehicle with 5,000,000 dollars to Wabtec company and has been connectedConnect and put, a kind of integrated GPS device, for following the tracks of and controlling, can make the car brakeing of train front and back easilyThe device simultaneously carrying out. But do not provide a kind of equipment detecting for car end.
The domestic research for car end relation is evening relatively, domestic from the car end that begins one's study at the beginning of 21 century, mainUndertaken by rail vehicle manufactory. These researchs are also only confined to composition and the effect of coupling device at car end,The research of Inter-Car Damper, the problems such as car end pieces analysis on cracks and improvement project, also do not have one so farBefore can there is the problems such as fracture at car end pieces, the car end of inspection vehicle end characterisitic parameter is related to compbined testPlatform.
Therefore, developing as early as possible rational in infrastructure, method of testing effective car end relation simple to operate comprehensively triesTest the parameter such as rigidity and damping that platform carrys out inspection vehicle end pieces, and carry out verification component by a series of testReliability has been an extremely urgent task.
Summary of the invention
To be solved in the utility model is that simulation EMUs (train) car end in service is because of rigidity and damping etc.Parameter changes the distortion that causes and destruction and does not have the problem of corresponding car end checkout equipment at present, providesA kind of rail vehicle end is related to that ten thousand become structural test platform.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the utility model is to adopt following technical scheme to realize, by reference to the accompanying drawings:
A kind of rail vehicle end is related to that ten thousand become structural test platform, comprises the east side of the identical and symmetrical installation of structureStructure and west side structure, east side structure is by a 6-dof motion platform 3 and be arranged on six degree of freedom No. oneA car end on motion platform 3 tops is related to that ten thousand become structural assembly 1 and form, and west side structure by No. two six freelyDegree motion platform 4 is related to that with No. two car ends that are arranged on No. two 6-dof motion platform 4 tops ten thousand become structureAssembly 2 forms; A described car end is related to that ten thousand become structural assembly 1 and comprise that rectangle carrying platform 5, hitch supportColumn 6, car end bearing counter-force framework assembly 7, pinch watt supporting base assembly 8, supporting headwall assembly 9,Flexible car end margin assembly 10 and three-dimensional strength measurement platform assembly 11, wherein, hitch support post 6 and carEnd bearing counter-force framework assembly 7 front and back are arranged on rectangle carrying platform 5 side by side, pinch a watt supporting base assemblingBody 8 be arranged on hitch support post 6 directly over, supporting headwall assembly 9 is fixedly connected on car end bearingCounter-force framework assembly 7 rear portions, flexible car end margin assembly 10 is fixedly connected on supporting headwall assembly 9Rear portion, three-dimensional strength measurement platform assembly 11 is fixed on hitch support post 6 rear portions and its semi-automatic hitch assemblingBody 32 is successively through supporting headwall assembly 9 and flexible car end margin assembly 10.
Described a kind of rail vehicle end is related to that ten thousand become structural test platform, wherein, and car end bearing counter-force frameworkAssembly 7 comprises car end bearing column assembly 12, car end tube connector crossbeam 13, No. two car endsTube connector crossbeam 14, No. three car end tube connector crossbeams 15 and No. two car end bearing column assemblies 16, wherein,Car end tube connector crossbeam 13, No. two car end tube connector crossbeams 14 and No. three car end tube connector crossbeams 15 are tiedStructure is identical, and No. one car end bearing column assembly 12 is identical with No. two car end bearing column assembly 16 structuresAnd be arranged on rectangle carrying platform 5 tops by T-shaped bolt symmetry; No. two car end tube connector crossbeam 14 levelsPlace, its two ends respectively with a car end bearing column assembly 12 and No. two car end bearing column assemblies 16Bearing connects, and car end tube connector crossbeam 13, No. two car end tube connector crossbeams 14 are connected with No. three car endsThe parallel installation of pipe crossbeam 15.
Described a kind of rail vehicle end is related to that ten thousand become structural test platform, wherein, pinches watt supporting base assembly 8Comprise connect bracing frame 26, beam pipe pinches watt assembly 27 and No. two beam pipes are pinched watt assembly 28,Beam pipe is pinched watt assembly 27 and No. two beam pipes, and to pinch watt assembly 28 structures identical, a beam pipePinching watt assembly 27 pinches watt assembly 28 with No. two beam pipes and is arranged on and is connected bracing frame 26 by bolt symmetryTwo ends, beam pipe pinch watt assembly 27 pinch watt with No. two beam pipes pinch watt assembly 28 pinch wattAxis of rotation conllinear, beam pipe is pinched watt assembly 27 and No. two beam pipes are pinched watt assembly 28 respectively andDescribed No. two car end tube connector crossbeams 14 are rotationally connected.
Described a kind of rail vehicle end is related to that ten thousand become structural test platform, wherein, and a car end bearing columnAssembly 12 comprises car end bearing column 17, fixed head assembly 18, a three-dimensional force sensor assembly19, aluminium section bar assembly 20 and 21, numbers three-dimensional force sensor assemblies of No. two three-dimensional force sensor assemblies19 is identical with No. two three-dimensional force sensor assembly 21 structures, three-dimensional force sensor assembly 19 and twoNumber three-dimensional force sensor assembly 21 is connected between car end bearing column 17 and aluminium section bar assembly 20,The forward flange 22 of a three-dimensional force sensor assembly 19 and the front method of No. two three-dimensional force sensor assemblies 21Blue and car end bearing column 17 is bolted, 19 and No. 2 three-dimensional force of No. 1 three-dimensional force sensor assemblyThe rear flange 25 of sensor assembly 21 and the rear flange of aluminium section bar assembly 20 are bolted; FixingBoard assembly 18 is connected with car end bearing column 17 bolts.
Described a kind of rail vehicle end is related to that ten thousand become structural test platform, wherein, and the assembling of three-dimensional strength measurement platformBody 11 also comprises surveys coupler force assembly 29, hitch bearing pin keyset assembly 30 and coupler sensors assembly31; Survey coupler force assembly 29 and be connected on described hitch support post 6 back vertical plates, survey coupler force assembly29 are connected with hitch bearing pin keyset assembly 30 bolts, hitch bearing pin keyset assembly 30 and described halfAutomatic car coupler assembly 32 bolts connect, coupler sensors assembly 31 and described rectangle carrying platform 5 boltsConnect.
Described a kind of rail vehicle end is related to that ten thousand become structural test platform, wherein, and semi-automatic hitch assembly31 comprise semi-automatic hitch 33, hitch yoke 34 and hitch bearing pin 35; Coupler sensors assembly 30 comprises oneNumber sensor strut stand 36, sensor fixation plate assembly 37 and No. two sensor strut stands 38; HalfAutomatic car coupler 33 is rear by hitch bearing pin 35 and hitch yoke 34 phases through sensor fixation plate assembly 37Connect; A sensor strut stand 36 and No. two sensor strut stands 38 are arranged on by T-shaped boltOn rectangle carrying platform 5; Described survey coupler force assembly 29 respectively with sensor strut stand 36 HesNo. two sensor strut stands 38 bolts connect.
Described a kind of rail vehicle end is related to that ten thousand become structural test platform, wherein, and supporting headwall assembly 9Formed by 8 identical horizontal aluminium section bar beam longitudinal aluminium section bar beams identical with 2, laterally aluminium section bar beam andLongitudinally aluminium section bar beam connects by bolt right angle respectively; On every horizontal aluminium section bar beam, be symmetrically installed with identicalThe car headwall of quantity connects arm assembly 39; Described flexible car end margin assembly 10 connects by car headwallArm assembly 39 is connected with supporting headwall assembly 9.
Compared with prior art the beneficial effects of the utility model are:
1. rail vehicle end described in the utility model is related to that ten thousand become structural test platform and can survey accurately and rapidlyWhile fixing between simulation train each car body under relative motion state and by curve track, each parts relatively moveWith rotary state get off end complete characteristic parameter.
2. rail vehicle end described in the utility model is related to that ten thousand become structural test platform and utilize six-freedom motionPlatform assembly can apply each to load flexibly, easily to car end, the relative motion between simulation car body is logicalCross three-dimensional force sensor and bracing wire linear transducer and measure the power applying and the displacement of movement or the angle of rotation,Can converse each stiffness parameters of tested vechicle end pieces.
Rail vehicle end described in the utility model be related to ten thousand become structural test platform adopt Modular Flexible establishMeter, by the combination of the different parts of single parts or adjustment car end, can meet to railcar, EMUs,All parts on railway passenger train car end are interfered demonstration test, functional trial and investigation test.
4. rail vehicle end described in the utility model is related to that ten thousand become structural test platform self-protection is installedDevice, in the time that moment of torsion is excessive, can automatically cuts off and connect, and well protects equipment and staff.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is that rail vehicle end described in the utility model is related to that ten thousand become the axle of structural test platform structure compositionSurvey perspective view;
Fig. 2 is that rail vehicle end described in the utility model is related to that ten thousand become No. one six freedom of structural test platformThe axonometric projection graph of degree motion platform structure composition;
Fig. 3 is that rail vehicle end described in the utility model is related to that ten thousand car ends that become structural test platform closeIt is the axonometric projection graph of ten thousand change structural assembly structure compositions;
Fig. 4 is that rail vehicle end described in the utility model is related to that ten thousand No. two car ends that become structural test platform closeIt is the axonometric projection graph of ten thousand change structural assembly structure compositions;
Fig. 5 is that rail vehicle end described in the utility model is related to ten thousand to become the car end bearing of structural test platform anti-The axonometric projection graph of power framework assembly structure composition;
Fig. 6 is that rail vehicle end described in the utility model is related to that ten thousand car ends that become structural test platform prop upHold the axonometric projection graph of column assembly structure composition;
Fig. 7 is that rail vehicle end described in the utility model is related to that ten thousand become a three-dimensional force of structural test platformThe axonometric projection graph of sensor assembly structure composition;
Fig. 8 is that rail vehicle end described in the utility model is related to that ten thousand become watt supporting base of pinching of structural test platformThe axonometric projection graph of assembly structure composition;
Fig. 9 is that rail vehicle end described in the utility model is related to that ten thousand hitches that become structural test platform support verticalThe axonometric projection graph of rod structure composition;
Figure 10 is that rail vehicle end described in the utility model is related to that ten thousand hitches that become structural test platform support verticalThe axonometric projection graph of assembly relation between post and three-dimensional strength measurement platform assembly;
Figure 11 is that rail vehicle end described in the utility model is related to that ten thousand become the semi-automatic hitch of structural test platformThe axonometric projection graph of assembly structure composition;
Figure 12 is that rail vehicle end described in the utility model is related to that ten thousand become the coupler sensors of structural test platformThe axonometric projection graph of assembly structure composition;
Figure 13 is that rail vehicle end described in the utility model is related to that ten thousand become the supporting headwall dress of structural test platformPart, aluminium section bar assembly and car headwall connect the axonometric projection graph of assembly relation between arm assembly;
Figure 14 is that rail vehicle end described in the utility model is related to that the ten thousand car headwalls that become structural test platform connectThe axonometric projection graph of arm assembly structure composition;
In figure: 1. a car end is related to that ten thousand become structural assembly, 2. No. two car ends are related to that ten thousand become structural assembly,3. a 6-dof motion platform, 4. No. two 6-dof motion platforms, 5. rectangle carrying platform, 6.Hitch support post, 7. car end bearing counter-force framework assembly, 8. pinch watt supporting base assembly, 9. supportingHeadwall assembly, 10. flexible car end margin assembly, 11. three-dimensional strength measurement platform assemblies, 12. No. oneCar end bearing column assembly, No. 13. car end tube connector crossbeams, 14. No. two car end tube connector crossbeams,15. No. three car end tube connector crossbeams, 16. No. two car end bearing column assemblies, 17. car end bearing columns,18. fixed head assemblies, No. 19. three-dimensional force sensor assemblies, 20. aluminium section bar assemblies, 21. 2Number three-dimensional force sensor assembly, 22. forward flanges, 23. expansion sets, 24 protective sleeve assemblies, 25. rear flanges,26. connect bracing frame, and 27. No. one beam pipe is pinched a watt assembly, and 28. No. two beam pipe is pinched a watt assembly,29. survey coupler force assembly, 30. hitch bearing pin keyset assemblies, 31. coupler sensors assemblies, 32.Semi-automatic hitch assembly, 33. semi-automatic hitches, 34. hitch yokes, 35. hitch bearing pins, 36. 1Number sensor strut stand assembly, 37. sensor fixation plate assemblies, 38. No. two sensor strut is verticalFrame assembly, 39. car headwalls connect arm assembly, and 40. car headwalls connect swinging seat, 41.M30 nut, 42.A relay nut, No. 43. bolt M16*45,44. large pivoted arm assemblies, 45. little pivoted arm assemblies,46. No. two bolt M12*25,47. No. two relay nuts.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the utility model is explained in detail:
Consult Fig. 1 to Fig. 2, rail vehicle end is related to that ten thousand become structural test platform and comprise that a car end is related to ten thousand changesStructural assembly 1, No. two car ends are related to that ten thousand become structural assembly 2,6-dof motion platform 3 and No. two sixFree degree motion platform 4.
Car end is related to that ten thousand become structural assembly 1 and are arranged on a 6-dof motion platform 3 by bolt and push upEnd, car end is related to that ten thousand form after becoming structural assembly 1 and 6-dof motion platform 3 installationsRail vehicle end is related to that ten thousand become structural test platform east side structure. No. two car ends are related to ten thousand, and to become structural assembly 2 logicalCross bolt and be arranged on 6-dof motion platform 4 tops No. two, No. two car ends are related to that ten thousand become structural assembly 2 HesAfter No. two 6-dof motion platform 4 installations, form rail vehicle end and be related to that ten thousand become structural test platform westSide structure. Rail vehicle end be related to ten thousand become the structure of structural test platform east side structure and west side structure identical andSymmetrical installation.
Consult Fig. 3 to Fig. 4, car end is related to that ten thousand become structural assembly 1 and comprise rectangle carrying platform 5, hitchSupport post 6, car end bearing counter-force framework assembly 7, pinch watt supporting base assembly 8, the assembling of supporting headwallBody 9, flexible car end margin assembly 10 and three-dimensional strength measurement platform assembly 11.
Hitch support post 6 and car end bearing counter-force framework assembly 7 are by installing side by side before and after T-shaped boltOn rectangle carrying platform 5, and can need on rectangle carrying platform 5, adjust position according to what test.Pinch watt supporting base assembly 8 connection bracing frame 26 by bolt be arranged on hitch support post 6 directly over,Pinch that a beam pipe of watt supporting base assembly 8 is pinched watt assembly 27 and No. two beam pipes are pinched watt assembly 28Be dynamically connected by bearing rotary with No. two car end tube connector crossbeams 14. Two longitudinal aluminium of supporting headwall assembly 9The aluminium section bar assembly 20 of section bar beam and a car end bearing column assembly 12 and No. two car end bearing columnsThe aluminium section bar assembly of assembly 16 is bolted with connection right angle. Every of supporting headwall assembly 93 car headwalls are laterally installed above aluminium section bar and connect arm assembly 39, car headwall connects arm assembly39 and flexible car end margin assembly 10 by bolt M16*4543 and No. two bolt M12*2546 companiesConnect, then be used in conjunction with a relay nut 42 and No. two relay nuts 47 loosen and tighten.
Described rectangle carrying platform 5 is cast iron surface plate structural member, and the upper surface of rectangle carrying platform 5 is along lengthLimit is distributed with some the T-shaped grooves that are parallel to each other, and makes it to become a multiduty mounting platform, and rectangle holdsCarrying platform 5 is related to that as a car end ten thousand become the basis of structural assembly 1, and car end is related to ten thousand, and to become structure totalOther all parts of one-tenth 1 are all fixed on the upper of rectangle carrying platform 5 by T-shaped bolt and T-shaped grooveSurface, and can be according to the mutual position of needs adjustment of test. Rectangle carrying platform 5 can bear oneThe various poses conversion that number 6-dof motion platform 3 provides are that a car end is related to that ten thousand become structural assembly 1Firm basic platform is provided.
Consult Fig. 5, car end bearing counter-force framework assembly 7 comprise car end bearing column assembly 12,Car end tube connector crossbeam 13, No. two car end tube connector crossbeams 14, No. three car end tube connector crossbeams 15 with16, numbers car end bearing column assemblies 12 of No. two car end bearing column assemblies and No. two car end bearing columnsAssembly 16 structures are identical, car end tube connector crossbeam 13, No. two car end tube connector crossbeams 14 and No. threeCar end tube connector crossbeam 15 structures are identical.
A car end tube connector crossbeam in car end bearing counter-force framework assembly 7 13, No. two car end tube connectorsThe car end of crossbeam 14 and 15 respectively with numbers car end bearing column assemblies 12 of No. three car end tube connector crossbeams props upHolding column 17 is dynamically connected by bearing rotary; Car end tube connector crossbeam 13, No. two car end tube connector crossbeams14 and the car end bearing of 15 respectively with No. two car end bearing column assemblies 16 of No. three car end tube connector crossbeams verticalPost is dynamically connected by bearing rotary. Car end tube connector crossbeam 13, No. two car end tube connector crossbeams 14 and No. threeCar end tube connector crossbeam 15 is arranged on respectively in the 1st, 3,5 holes of car end bearing column.
A car end bearing column assembly 12 and No. two car end bearing column assemblies 16 are by T-shaped boltConnected symmetrical dendrimer is arranged on rectangle carrying platform 5 both sides, top; Car end tube connector crossbeam 13, No. two car endsTube connector crossbeam 14 is parallel with the axis of rotation of three after No. three car end tube connector crossbeams 15 installations; Can rootCan adjust car end tube connector crossbeam 13, No. two car end tube connector crossbeams 14 and No. three according to the needs of testCar end tube connector crossbeam 15 is arranged on the position in hole on car end bearing column.
Consult Fig. 6 to Fig. 7, No. one car end bearing column assembly 12 comprises car end bearing column 17, fixingBoard assembly 18, three-dimensional force sensor assembly 19, aluminium section bar assembly 20 and No. two three-dimensional force pass21, numbers three-dimensional force sensor assemblies 19 of sensor assembly and No. two three-dimensional force sensor assemblies 21 are tiedStructure is identical.
Three-dimensional force sensor assembly 19 comprise forward flange 22, expansion set 23, protective sleeve assembly 24 withRear flange 25.
The forward flange 22 of a three-dimensional force sensor assembly 19 is rectangle plates, forward flange 22 upper and lower twoSide is processed with respectively the tapped through hole of equal number, for being bolted the rear vertical of car end bearing column 17Plate, centre processes a manhole, welds in a side pipe that an internal diameter equates with manhole, usesIn expansion set 23 is installed, the elasticity axon of protective sleeve assembly 24 is arranged in expansion set 23, on expansion set 23The tightening or loosen to control the tight or loose of expansion set of bolt, regulates the installation position of protective sleeve assembly 24 with thisPut; Rear flange 25 is to be processed with 8 tapped through holes in the middle of a rectangle plate, and 8 tapped through holes form circle,Be used for being bolted protective sleeve assembly 24.
The forward flange 22 of a three-dimensional force sensor assembly 19 and No. two three-dimensional force sensor assemblies 21Forward flange is bolted with car end bearing column 17 respectively, and fixed head assembly 18 and car end bearing are verticalPost 17 is bolted, and the rear flange 25 of a three-dimensional force sensor assembly 19 and No. two three-dimensional force passRear flange of sensor assembly 21 is bolted with aluminium section bar assembly 20 respectively.
A three-dimensional force sensor assembly 19 and No. two three-dimensional force sensor assembly 21 symmetries are arranged on carOn end bearing column 17, the axis of rotation of the protective sleeve assembly 23 of a three-dimensional force sensor assembly 19Parallel with the axis of rotation of the protective sleeve assembly of No. two three-dimensional force sensor assemblies 21, and the two formsPlane perpendicular to horizontal plane; Fixed head assembly 18 is vertically mounted on the bottom of car end bearing column 17;
Described car end bearing column 17 is weldments, is 250*450*8 by top board, base plate, cross sectionSquare tube and 2 case body structural members that riser is welded, 2 risers are welded on the front and back of square tube, square tubeVertical is welded between top board and base plate, and 2 risers and square tube are all perpendicular to top board and base plate. Wherein square tubeSymmetrical two riser two sides are processed with 6 manholes, connect and be welded with one between manholeInternal diameter and manhole equal diameters for car end tube connector crossbeam 13, No. two car end tube connectors are installedThe pipe of crossbeam 14 and No. three car end tube connector crossbeams 15, becomes on car end bearing column 17 for installing oneIn number car end tube connector crossbeam 13, No. two car end tube connector crossbeams 14 and No. three car end tube connector crossbeams 15Heart through hole. Before and after another, 2 of symmetry are processed with paired bolt hole above riser, for mounting plateAssembly 18, and can be according to the vertical height position of the installation that need to adjust fixed head assembly 18 of test;On 2 risers of front and back symmetry, weld respectively two triangle stiffeners, another right angle side weld of stiffenerBe connected on base plate. In the middle of base plate, be processed with a rectangular through-hole, at evenly front and back both sides distribution spiral shell of four limits of base plateLine through hole, inserts car end bearing column 17 is fixedly connected on to the T-shaped of rectangle carrying platform 5 for T-shaped boltOn groove.
Consult Fig. 8, pinch a watt supporting base assembly 8 comprise connect bracing frame 26, a beam pipe is pinched a watt assemblingBody 27 and No. two beam pipes pinch that 28, numbers beam pipes of watt assembly are pinched watt assembly 27 and No. two beam pipes are pinchedWatt assembly 28 structures are identical.
Beam pipe is pinched watt assembly 27 and No. two beam pipes and is pinched watt assembly 28 and be bolted symmetryBe arranged on and connect bracing frame 26 two ends; Beam pipe is pinched pinching of watt assembly 27 and watt is pinched with No. two beam pipesThe axis of rotation conllinear of pinching watt of watt assembly 28.
It watt is to be made up of two and half pinches watts of left and right that beam pipe is pinched pinching of watt assembly 27, two and half pinches of left and rightWatt be bolted; Beam pipe is pinched pinching of watt assembly 27 and watt is pinched watt assembly 28 with No. two beam pipesPinch watt and No. two car end tube connector crossbeams 14 by being rotationally connected, control by unclamping with quiet of boltThe elasticity of the contact of the two; Pinch watt supporting base assembly 8 and be mounted on hitch support by T-shaped boltDirectly over column 6.
Described connection bracing frame 26 is weldments, is made up of top board, short riser, 2 risers and base plate. 2Individual riser shape and structure is identical, be welded in parallel between top board and base plate, and perpendicular to and base plate; Top board isOne rectangular slab punching press forms, and the swash plate of the hypotenuse of top board and 2 risers is welded together, the minor face of former rectangular edgesWeld together with the minor face of base plate; One long limit of short riser and the minor face of base plate weld together, two minor facesWelded together with the another side of 2 risers, short riser is perpendicular to base plate; Four limits of base plate are uniformly distributed screw threadThrough hole, for T-shaped bolt insert by connect bracing frame 26 be fixedly connected on hitch support post 6 directly over.The part that is positioned at short riser top of 2 risers is processed with 7 tapped through holes, for bolt insertionly will connect supportFrame 25 and beam pipe are pinched pinching of watt assembly 27 and watt are pinched watt assembly 28 with No. two beam pipes.
Consult Fig. 9 to Figure 12, three-dimensional strength measurement platform assembly 11 comprises surveys coupler force assembly 29, hitchBearing pin keyset assembly 30, coupler sensors assembly 31 and semi-automatic hitch assembly 32.
Semi-automatic hitch assembly 32 comprises semi-automatic hitch 33, hitch yoke 34 and hitch bearing pin 35.
Coupler sensors assembly 31 comprises a sensor strut stand 36, sensor fixation plate assembly 37With 38, numbers sensor strut stands 36 of No. two sensor strut stands and No. two sensor strut stands 38Structure is identical.
Semi-automatic hitch 33 is rear by hitch bearing pin 35 and hitch yoke through sensor fixation plate assembly 3734 to connection; The axis of rotation of the axis of rotation of semi-automatic hitch 33 and sensor fixation plate assembly 37 altogetherLine;
Survey coupler force assembly 29 and formed by steel plate ring and upper and lower two fixed heads of steel plate ring of two semicircles, everyOn the steel plate ring of individual semicircle, be uniformly distributed 4 ultrasonic sensors, 8 sensors accurately detect from all directionsThe moving displacement of semi-automatic hitch 33. The steel plate ring of semicircle and upper and lower two fixed heads are by being welded to connect oneRise, and the two ends of each fixed head are processed with two tapped through holes, will survey coupler force after for bolt insertion to fillPart 29 and a sensor strut stand 36 and No. two sensor strut stands 38 link together.
Surveying coupler force assembly 29 is connected on hitch support post 6 back vertical plates by T-shaped bolt; Measuring car hookPower assembly 29 and hitch bearing pin keyset assembly 30 are bolted; The assembling of hitch bearing pin keysetBody 30 and semi-automatic hitch assembly 32 are bolted; A sensor of coupler sensors assembly 31Pillar stand 36 and No. two sensor strut stands 38 are by connecting by type T bolt with rectangle carrying platform 5Connect.
Described hitch support post 6 is weldments, by top board, left and right riser, front vertical plate, back vertical plate andBase plate forms, and left and right riser shape and structure is identical, and back vertical plate has 4 rectangular slabs to be welded, middle formationRectangle cavity, left and right riser, front vertical plate and back vertical plate are welded between top board and base plate, and perpendicular to top boardAnd base plate; On back vertical plate, process the T-shaped groove for installation car hook pin axle keyset assembly 29, for insertingT-shaped bolt is connected to hitch bearing pin keyset assembly 29 on hitch support post 6 back vertical plates; Base plateShort side direction is uniformly distributed 4 row's bolt holes, for T-shaped bolt, hitch support post 6 is connected to rectangle and holdsOn carrying platform 5.
Consult Figure 13 to Figure 14, supporting headwall assembly 9 is by 8 identical horizontal aluminium section bar beams and 2 phasesForm with longitudinal aluminium section bar beam.
On every horizontal aluminium section bar beam, be bolted the symmetrical car headwall that equal number is installed and connect armAssembly 39; 8 horizontal aluminium section bar beams and 2 longitudinal aluminium section bar beams pass through bolt with connection right angle respectivelyConnect; The axis of 8 horizontal aluminium section bar beams is parallel to each other; 8 horizontal aluminium section bar beams are longitudinal with 2The axis of aluminium section bar beam is mutually vertical.
Two longitudinal aluminium section bar crossbeams of supporting headwall assembly 9 and a car end bearing column assembly 12Aluminium section bar assembly 20 is logical with being connected right angle with the aluminium section bar assembly of No. two car end bearing column assemblies 16Crossing bolt connects. Car headwall connects arm assembly 39 and flexible car end margin assembly 10 passes through a spiral shellBolt M16*4542 is connected with No. two bolt M12*2545, then is used in conjunction with relay nut 41 and No. twoRelay nut 46 loosens and tightens.
Rail vehicle end is related to that ten thousand become structural test platform operation principle:
First by in-circuit emulation circuit spectrum by by the various physical quantitys of test run end (displacement, speed, power load etc.)Under real train operation condition, utilize sensor to be recorded, be then input to the form of fileIn the automatically controlled part of rail vehicle vehicle terminal relation integration testing stand. 6-dof motion platform 3 and No. two6-dof motion platform 4, using these information as its control instruction, is simulated the work of unit under test full-scale conditionMake situation, the operating characteristic of in-circuit emulation unit under test under train operation condition. When test, at No. one sixPeace between the flexible car end margin assembly 10 of free degree motion platform 3 and No. two 6-dof motion platforms 4Dress tested vechicle end, car end be related to ten thousand become structural assembly and No. two car ends be related to ten thousand become structural assembly 2 respectivelyKind of ultrasonic sensor and three-dimensional force sensor gather power and the displacement information of corresponding site on car end, finally bySpecial-purpose software analysis calculates by parameter output files such as the rigidity of test run end, damping, dynamic stiffness, dynamic dampings.

Claims (7)

1. rail vehicle end is related to that ten thousand become a structural test platform, it is characterized in that, comprises that structure is identical and rightClaim east side structure and the west side structure of installing, east side structure is by a 6-dof motion platform (3) and installationBe related to that at a car end on a 6-dof motion platform (3) top ten thousand become structural assembly (1) formation,West side structure is by No. two 6-dof motion platforms (4) and be arranged on No. two 6-dof motion platforms (4)No. two car ends on top are related to that ten thousand become structural assembly (2) formation;
A described car end is related to that ten thousand become structural assembly (1) and comprise rectangle carrying platform (5), hitch support post(6), car end bearing counter-force framework assembly (7), pinch watt supporting base assembly (8), the assembling of supporting headwallBody (9), flexible car end margin assembly (10) and three-dimensional strength measurement platform assembly (11), wherein, hitchBefore and after support post (6) and car end bearing counter-force framework assembly (7), be arranged on side by side rectangle carrying platform(5) upper, pinch watt supporting base assembly (8) be arranged on hitch support post (6) directly over, supported endWall assembly (9) is fixedly connected on car end bearing counter-force framework assembly (7) rear portion, flexible car end marginAssembly (10) is fixedly connected on supporting headwall assembly (9) rear portion, three-dimensional strength measurement platform assembly (11)Be fixed on hitch support post (6) rear portion and its semi-automatic hitch assembly (32) successively through supporting headwallAssembly (9) and flexible car end margin assembly (10).
2. a kind of rail vehicle end as claimed in claim 1 is related to that ten thousand become structural test platform, it is characterized in that,Described car end bearing counter-force framework assembly (7) comprises a car end bearing column assembly (12), No. oneCar end tube connector crossbeam (13), No. two car end tube connector crossbeams (14), No. three car end tube connector crossbeams (15)And No. two car end bearing column assemblies (16), a car end tube connector crossbeam (13), No. two car ends connectPipe crossbeam (14) is identical with No. three car end tube connector crossbeams (15) structure;
A car end bearing column assembly (12) is identical with No. two car end bearing column assemblies (16) structureAnd be arranged on rectangle carrying platform (5) top by T-shaped bolt symmetry; No. two car end tube connector crossbeams (14)Horizontal positioned, its two ends respectively with a car end bearing column assembly (12) and No. two car end bearing columnsAssembly (16) bearing connects, and a car end tube connector crossbeam (13), No. two car end tube connector crossbeams (14)With the parallel installation of No. three car end tube connector crossbeams (15).
3. a kind of rail vehicle end as claimed in claim 2 is related to that ten thousand become structural test platform, it is characterized in that,Described pinch watt of supporting base assembly (8) comprises that connecting bracing frame (26), a beam pipe pinches a watt assembly (27)And No. two beam pipes pinch a watt assembly (28), a beam pipe is pinched a watt assembly (27) and is pinched with No. two beam pipesWatt assembly (28) structure is identical;
A beam pipe is pinched a watt assembly (27) and is pinched a watt assembly (28) by bolt symmetry with No. two beam pipesBe arranged on and connect bracing frame (26) two ends, beam pipe is pinched pinching watt and No. two horizontal strokes of a watt assembly (27)Beam pipe pinch a watt assembly (28) pinch watt axis of rotation conllinear, No. one beam pipe is pinched a watt assembly (27)Pinching a watt assembly (28) with No. two beam pipes rotates and connects with described No. two car end tube connector crossbeams (14) respectivelyConnect.
4. a kind of rail vehicle end as claimed in claim 2 is related to that ten thousand become structural test platform, it is characterized in that,A described car end bearing column assembly (12) comprise car end bearing column (17), fixed head assembly (18),A three-dimensional force sensor assembly (19), aluminium section bar assembly (20) and No. two three-dimensional force sensor assemblingsBody (21), a three-dimensional force sensor assembly (19) and No. two three-dimensional force sensor assemblies (21) knotStructure is identical;
A three-dimensional force sensor assembly (19) is connected respectively with No. two three-dimensional force sensor assemblies (21)Between car end bearing column (17) and aluminium section bar assembly (20), a three-dimensional force sensor assembly(19) forward flange (22) and forward flange and the car end bearing of No. two three-dimensional force sensor assemblies (21)Column (17) is bolted, a three-dimensional force sensor assembly (19) and No. two three-dimensional force sensingsThe rear flange (25) of device assembly (21) and the rear flange of aluminium section bar assembly (20) are bolted;Fixed head assembly (18) is connected with car end bearing column (17) bolt.
5. a kind of rail vehicle end as claimed in claim 1 is related to that ten thousand become structural test platform, it is characterized in that,Described three-dimensional strength measurement platform assembly (11) comprises surveys coupler force assembly (29), hitch bearing pin keyset dressPart (30) and coupler sensors assembly (31);
Survey coupler force assembly (29) and be connected on described hitch support post (6) back vertical plate, survey coupler force dressPart (29) is connected with hitch bearing pin keyset assembly (30) bolt, hitch bearing pin keyset assembly(30) be connected coupler sensors assembly (31) and described square with semi-automatic hitch assembly (32) boltShape carrying platform (5) bolt connects.
6. a kind of rail vehicle end as claimed in claim 5 is related to that ten thousand become structural test platform, it is characterized in that,Described semi-automatic hitch assembly (32) comprises semi-automatic hitch (33), hitch yoke (34) and hitch pinAxle (35); Coupler sensors assembly (31) comprises that a sensor strut stand (36), sensor fixBoard assembly (37) and No. two sensor strut stands (38); Semi-automatic hitch (33) is solid through sensorDetermine to be connected with hitch yoke (34) by hitch bearing pin (35) after board assembly (37); Described measuring carHook power assembly (29) respectively with a sensor strut stand (36) and No. two sensor strut stands (38)Bolt connects; A sensor strut stand (36) is passed through T-shaped with No. two sensor strut stands (38)Bolt is arranged on described rectangle carrying platform (5).
7. a kind of rail vehicle end as claimed in claim 1 is related to that ten thousand become structural test platform, it is characterized in that,Described supporting headwall assembly (9) is by 8 identical horizontal aluminium section bar beam longitudinal aluminium section bars identical with 2Beam forms, and laterally aluminium section bar beam is connected by bolt right angle respectively with longitudinal aluminium section bar beam; Every horizontal aluminiumThe car headwall that is symmetrically installed with equal number on section bar beam connects arm assembly (39); Described flexible car end limitEdge assembly (10) connects arm assembly (39) by car headwall and is connected with supporting headwall assembly (9).
CN201521042361.9U 2015-12-15 2015-12-15 Rail vehicle car end concerns that ten thousand become structural test platform Withdrawn - After Issue CN205246332U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201521042361.9U CN205246332U (en) 2015-12-15 2015-12-15 Rail vehicle car end concerns that ten thousand become structural test platform

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201521042361.9U CN205246332U (en) 2015-12-15 2015-12-15 Rail vehicle car end concerns that ten thousand become structural test platform

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105571843A (en) * 2015-12-15 2016-05-11 吉林大学 Vehicle end relation variable structure test stand for rail vehicle
CN106840692A (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-06-13 北京盘天新技术有限公司 A kind of highway integrated detection system

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105571843A (en) * 2015-12-15 2016-05-11 吉林大学 Vehicle end relation variable structure test stand for rail vehicle
CN105571843B (en) * 2015-12-15 2019-01-22 吉林大学 Ten thousand structure changes testing stand of railway vehicle end relation
CN106840692A (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-06-13 北京盘天新技术有限公司 A kind of highway integrated detection system

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