CN205215333U - Locking external fixation frame plate system is dissected to four limbs length bone fracture - Google Patents

Locking external fixation frame plate system is dissected to four limbs length bone fracture Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205215333U
CN205215333U CN201520990682.5U CN201520990682U CN205215333U CN 205215333 U CN205215333 U CN 205215333U CN 201520990682 U CN201520990682 U CN 201520990682U CN 205215333 U CN205215333 U CN 205215333U
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China
Prior art keywords
screw
locking
frame plate
fixation frame
extenal fixation
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201520990682.5U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孙义忠
刘晓萍
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Individual
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Individual
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Abstract

The utility model belongs to the technical field of the outer fixation technology of locking is dissected to a fracture and specifically relates to a locking external fixation frame plate system is dissected to four limbs length bone fracture. There is following defect in present external fixation frame: 1. It is limited that every fracture duan ke puts nail quantity, and fixed imprecise, the broken ends of fractured bone is unstable, 2. Appearance and volume are too big, inconvenient nursing, and the patient produces fear easily, 3. Later stage nonunion rate is high, and soft tissues such as needs are become by the opening changes the internal fixation after the closure. The utility model discloses a screw that the screw matches on locking external fixation frame plate, the locking external fixation frame plate, the dissection surfaces to mate of its shape of locking external fixation frame plate, length, width and fracture, cloth has a plurality of locking screws on the board, be equipped with or be not equipped with ke shi needle fixed aperture temporarily between the screw, be equipped with one or more pressurization screw or be not equipped with the pressurization screw, the screw is divided into the three -section, and screw somatic part front end is for taking the threaded portion, and body of screw middle section is the polished rod part, and spiral shell screw tail end band has the screw that matees with the locking screw.

Description

Extremity length bone fracture anatomy locking extenal fixation frame plate system
Technical field
This utility model relates to a kind of fracture anatomy locking External technique field, specifically a kind of extremity length bone fracture anatomy locking extenal fixation frame plate system, can close or compound fracture adult, teenager, the long and short tubular bone of child's extremity, carry out external fixing fixed system.
Background technology
Extremity fracture can be divided into closed fracture and compound fracture by the integrity of skin.Can fix or Intramedullary nailing by row open reduction titanium plate after extremity repercussive for closed fracture.After union of fracture, second operation takes out internal fixtion; The feasible debridement of compound fracture, reset, external fixer are fixed, the feasible Kirschner wire fixation of brothers, and after soft tissue improvement of terms, replaceable titanium plate is fixed or Intramedullary nailing (or not changing fixing), and the later stage removes fixing according to union of fracture situation.Current selectable external fixer comprises: external fixation devices, combination external fixer etc.The feature of these external fixers can be summarized as: 1. each fracture segment can put nail limited amount, and fixing imprecise, the broken ends of fractured bone is unstable; 2. profile and volume are too large, and be inconvenient to nurse, patient easily produces fear; 3. later stage nonunion rate is high, often need to wait soft tissue from open become closed after change internal fixtion.Also have scholar to report with locking titanium plate external treatment fracture of tibia and fibula, but also have the following disadvantages: 1. because screw used is full thread, to skin and other soft tissue irritation violent, easy infection.2. titanium plate and screw are originally for internal fixtion designs, thin small and exquisite, titanium plate thickness, short of width, and the thinner mechanical strength of screw is not enough.3. non-expert external design, needs polylith titanium plate to fix sometimes.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of extremity length bone fracture anatomy locking extenal fixation frame plate system, needs second operation to take out internal fixtion after can overcoming extremity long and short bone closed fracture internal fixation operation; After the existing external fixer of compound fracture is fixing, disunion rate is high, usually needs secondary to change the prior art defects such as internal fixtion.
The technical solution of the utility model is that extremity length bone dissects locking extenal fixation frame plate system, comprise mate with screw on locking extenal fixation frame plate sight, with the screwdriver of screw mates, and the dipstick of screw mates; Also comprise the screw that locking extenal fixation frame plate, locking extenal fixation frame plate mate with screw;
Described locking extenal fixation frame plate, its shape, length, width coordinate with the anatomical surface of fracture, plate are furnished with multiple locking screw; Between locking screw, gap location is provided with or is not provided with kirschner pin hole, is provided with one or more pressurization screw or is not provided with pressurization screw;
The described screw mated with locking screw, rivet nut is divided into three sections, is respectively nose threads section, stage casing polished rod section, threads section; Threads section is mated with locking screw.
Further, described locking external fixer plate thickness is within the scope of 0.1-4.0cm, and external fixer plate thickness is homogeneous; Or extenal fixation frame plate centre thickness is the thickest, and outside edge is thinning gradually .
Further, described locking screw, screw is towards being multi-angle.
Further, described screwhole diameter 0.1 ~ 2.5cm, screw spacing 0.2 ~ 10.0cm.
Further, described plate is furnished with multiple locking screw, refers to that locking screw is distributed in a line or multirow or random distribution.
Further, the described screw mated with locking screw is self tapping or non-tapping screw, front end threaded section diameter 0.1 ~ 1.5cm, length 0.2 ~ 15cm; Stage casing polished rod partial-length 0.5 ~ 20cm, diameter 0.1 ~ 1.0cm; Threads mates with screw screw thread, the length >=0.1cm of threads ,≤2.5cm.
Locking extenal fixation frame plate length of the present utility model, according to different race, sex, age, height, bone length design, can be straight plate or plate two ends (or one end) is designed to anatomic form shape according to the anatomic form feature of femur, tibia, fibula, humerus, ulna, radius, metacarpal bone, phalanges, metatarsal, phalanx, clavicle.
The utility model has the advantage of for closed fracture, belong to Minimally Invasive Surgery, only to fracture Limited exposure or need not cut the reset of percutaneous clamp, fracture two ends only need percutaneous to hole, put and follow closely, in guarantee under the effectively fixing prerequisite of fracture, reduce damage to soft tissue, postoperative to leave over cicatrix little, plays beautification function.For compound fracture, fixedly change for internal fixtion two operations after soft tissue covers relative to first traditional external fixer, this utility model once can be performed the operation and just can be completed the replacement and fixation of the long and short bone fracture of extremity, can work as external fixer uses (the same with external fixer, while fixing, do not affect VSD vacuum suction, the operations such as transfer of skin flap), also can change internal fixtion and can effectively ensure fracture healing.No matter be closed or compound fracture, after patients with fractures's healing, need not be in hospital, can extenal fixation be removed without the need to anesthesia, not need second operation, reduce health care costs, alleviate patient suffering.Locking extenal fixation frame plate of the present utility model can be used for temporary fixed, also can be used for long-time fixing, takes off after union of fracture.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is fracture and (or) the fixing extremity length bone fracture anatomy locking extenal fixation frame plate not relating to metaphysis or epiphysis end.(as be applied in brothers, also can not consider metaphysis or epiphysis end.)
Fig. 2 is fracture and (or) the extremity length bone fracture anatomy locking extenal fixation frame plate fixedly relating to one end metaphysis or epiphysis end;
Fig. 3 is fracture and (or) the extremity length bone fracture anatomy locking extenal fixation frame plate fixedly relating to two ends metaphysis or epiphysis end;
Fig. 4 is the bolt structure schematic diagram mated with locking screw;
Fig. 5 is the extenal fixation frame plate axonometric chart that screw is housed;
In figure: 1. lock extenal fixation frame plate, 2. lock screw, 3. kirschner pin hole, 4. pressurize that screw, 5. spiral shell emit, 6. nose threads section, 7. stage casing polished rod section, 8. threads section, 9. screw.
Detailed description of the invention
As Figure 1-Figure 5, extremity length bone dissect locking extenal fixation frame plate system comprise mate with screw on locking extenal fixation frame plate sight, with the screwdriver of screw mates, and the dipstick of screw mates; Also comprise the screw that locking extenal fixation frame plate 1, locking extenal fixation frame plate mate with screw;
Described locking extenal fixation frame plate, its shape, length, width coordinate with the anatomical surface of fracture, plate are furnished with multiple locking screw 2; Between locking screw, gap location is provided with or is not provided with kirschner pin hole 3, is provided with one or more pressurization screw or is not provided with pressurization screw 4;
The described screw 9 mated with locking screw, rivet nut is divided into three sections, is respectively nose threads section 8, stage casing polished rod section 7, threads section 6; Threads section 6 is mated with locking screw.Stage casing polished rod, not threaded, reduce the stimulation to soft tissues such as skins
Described locking external fixer plate thickness is within the scope of 0.1-4.0cm, and external fixer plate thickness is homogeneous; Or extenal fixation frame plate centre thickness is the thickest, and outside edge is thinning gradually .
Described locking screw, screw is towards being multi-angle.
Described screwhole diameter 0.1 ~ 2.5cm, screw spacing 0.2 ~ 10.0cm.
Described plate is furnished with multiple locking screw, refers to that locking screw is distributed in a line or multirow or random distribution.
The described screw mated with locking screw is self tapping or non-tapping screw, front end threaded section diameter 0.1 ~ 1.5cm, length 0.2 ~ 15cm; Stage casing polished rod partial-length 0.5 ~ 20cm, diameter 0.1 ~ 1.0cm; Threads mates with screw screw thread, the length >=0.1cm of threads ,≤2.5cm.
Described external lock hole sight is a hollow pipe, and the screw screw thread joint match of head end with or without screw thread and lockplate, hollow pipe diameter mates with corresponding bit diameter.
The described screwdriver screwdriver recess with screw tail end and mate, screwdriver screwdriver bit is provided with the projection of mating with the Flos Mume of screw tail end recess, interior hexagonal.
Locking external fixer panel material of the present utility model can adopt medical stainless steel, can reduce patient's economic cost, also can select titanium plate or other materials; Screw is divided into cortex nail and spongiosa nail.
Concrete steps during operation: the 1. long and short bone closed fracture of the extremity of all ages and classes, select Suitable anatomical locking extenal fixation frame plate, closed reduction or the reset of the minimal incision * incision broken ends of fractured bone is got final product after detumescence, use external lock hole sight, carry out percutaneous boring, depth measurement in fracture two ends, be screwed into screw and fix.2. the extremity length bone compound fracture of all ages and classes, to the debridement of compound fracture row, reset, Kirschner wire is temporary fixed, and select Suitable anatomical locking extenal fixation frame plate, use external lock hole sight, percutaneous is holed, and depth measurement, is screwed into suitable tapping screw.Require that threaded portion is screwed into skeleton, in the outer soft tissue of skeleton and exposed parts be polished rod part.Each main bone block fixes 2 ~ 6 pieces of screws, metaphysis 2 ~ 10 pieces.Fracture segment can be crossed over.3. for soft tissue defects cannot complete deep tissue cover, can in the descending vacuum suction of lockplate or transfer of skin flap.4. postoperative hole for nailing nursing is nursed with external fixer.5. the same textbook of union of fracture evaluation criterion.
Obviously, above-described embodiment of the present utility model is only for this utility model example is clearly described, and is not the restriction to embodiment of the present utility model.For those of ordinary skill in the field, can also make other changes in different forms on the basis of the above description.Here cannot give exhaustive to all embodiments.Every belong to the technical solution of the utility model the apparent change of extending out or variation be still in the row of protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (6)

1. an extremity length bone fracture anatomy locking extenal fixation frame plate system, comprise mate with screw on locking extenal fixation frame plate sight, with the screwdriver of screw mates, and the dipstick of screw mates; Characterized by further comprising the screw (9) that locking extenal fixation frame plate (1), locking extenal fixation frame plate mate with screw; Described locking extenal fixation frame plate, its shape, length, width coordinate with the anatomical surface of fracture, plate are furnished with multiple locking screw (2); Between locking screw, gap location is provided with or is not provided with kirschner pin hole (3), is provided with one or more pressurization screw or is not provided with pressurization screw (4); The described screw (9) mated with locking screw, rivet nut is divided into three sections, is respectively nose threads section (8), stage casing polished rod section (7), threads section (6); Threads section (6) is mated with locking screw.
2. a kind of extremity length bone fracture anatomy locking extenal fixation frame plate system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that described locking external fixer plate thickness is within the scope of 0.1-4.0cm, external fixer plate thickness is homogeneous; Or extenal fixation frame plate centre thickness is the thickest, and outside edge is thinning gradually .
3. a kind of extremity length bone fracture anatomy locking extenal fixation frame plate system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that described locking screw, screw is towards being multi-angle.
4. a kind of extremity length bone fracture anatomy locking extenal fixation frame plate system as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that described screwhole diameter 0.1 ~ 2.5cm, screw spacing 0.2 ~ 10.0cm.
5. a kind of extremity length bone fracture anatomy locking extenal fixation frame plate system as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that described plate being furnished with multiple locking screw, refers to that locking screw is distributed in a line or multirow or random distribution.
6. a kind of extremity length bone fracture anatomy locking extenal fixation frame plate system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that the described screw mated with locking screw, is self tapping or non-tapping screw, front end threaded section diameter 0.1 ~ 1.5cm, length 0.2 ~ 15cm; Stage casing polished rod partial-length 0.5 ~ 20cm, diameter 0.1 ~ 1.0cm; Threads mates with screw screw thread, the length >=0.1cm of threads ,≤2.5cm.
CN201520990682.5U 2015-12-03 2015-12-03 Locking external fixation frame plate system is dissected to four limbs length bone fracture Expired - Fee Related CN205215333U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520990682.5U CN205215333U (en) 2015-12-03 2015-12-03 Locking external fixation frame plate system is dissected to four limbs length bone fracture

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105496527A (en) * 2015-12-03 2016-04-20 孙义忠 Locking external fixation frame plate system for limb long bone and short bone fracture dissection
CN106580411A (en) * 2016-12-15 2017-04-26 中国人民解放军第四军医大学 Tibia external fixation device
CN106963461A (en) * 2017-03-20 2017-07-21 介之良(北京)医疗科技有限公司 A kind of locking external fixer treated for dislocation of acromioclavicular joint

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105496527A (en) * 2015-12-03 2016-04-20 孙义忠 Locking external fixation frame plate system for limb long bone and short bone fracture dissection
CN106580411A (en) * 2016-12-15 2017-04-26 中国人民解放军第四军医大学 Tibia external fixation device
CN106580411B (en) * 2016-12-15 2019-07-16 中国人民解放军第四军医大学 A kind of shin bone external fixer
CN106963461A (en) * 2017-03-20 2017-07-21 介之良(北京)医疗科技有限公司 A kind of locking external fixer treated for dislocation of acromioclavicular joint

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20160511

Termination date: 20181203

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee