CN205190718U - Take shock attenuation, collect glossy cunning, circulative cooling and atmospheric pressure balance function's reduction gear - Google Patents

Take shock attenuation, collect glossy cunning, circulative cooling and atmospheric pressure balance function's reduction gear Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205190718U
CN205190718U CN201520943892.9U CN201520943892U CN205190718U CN 205190718 U CN205190718 U CN 205190718U CN 201520943892 U CN201520943892 U CN 201520943892U CN 205190718 U CN205190718 U CN 205190718U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
gear
oil
ring body
speed reducer
lubrication
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201520943892.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴思伟
刘永平
贺良中
官志远
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Qijiang Benli Gear Co Ltd
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Qijiang Benli Gear Co Ltd
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Filing date
Publication date
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Priority to CN201520943892.9U priority Critical patent/CN205190718U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN205190718U publication Critical patent/CN205190718U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a take shock attenuation, collect glossy cunning, circulative cooling and atmospheric pressure balance function's reduction gear, including gear assembly casing, cylindrical gearing mechanism, oil collecting device, lubricating oil cooling back installation and air relief valve, the gear of cylindrical gearing mechanism includes interior ring body, outer ring body and snubber block, oil collecting device includes the annular tube body and baffle, and lubricating oil cooling back installation includes oil pump and radiator, the utility model discloses an elastic deformation takes place and realizes the gear shock attenuation for the snubber block, and the broken teeth problem is avoided to noise in the time of reducing gear engagement, and will lubricate oil bank to gear engagement district counter gear through oil collecting device and lubricate, and can improve gear lubrication and cooling effect, and pump the problem that the cooling can avoid the lubricating oil temperature to rise through lubricating oil cooling back installation with lubricating oil, and realize through air relief valve that the inside and outside atmospheric pressure of gear assembly casing is balanced, can avoid the gear assembly casing internal gas pressure to rise and lead to the outer problem of leaking of lubricating oil.

Description

With the retarder of damping, oil-collecting lubrication, circulating cooling and function of balancing air pressure
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of speed reducer, particularly a kind of retarder.
Background technique
Retarder generally adopts Lubricant on Gear to carry out lubrication and cooling, lubricant oil in reducer shell too much easily causes oil leakage, the very few lubrication effect that easily causes again is poor, therefore in retarder the point of addition of lubricant oil generally at 1/1 to two/3rd of gear Lower Half, and gears meshing position is the tooth in the middle part of gear, and the lubricant level in reducer shell is lower than engaging tooth, therefore gear lubrication is by getting rid of the lubricant oil fallen down to eminence during pinion rotation in the course of the work, namely existing reducer gear lubrication is the mode adopting splash lubrication, gear lubrication effect is poor.
And the gear of retarder does not have shock-damping structure in prior art, retarder in the course of the work, because the engagement between gear exists impact, make noise during gears meshing comparatively large, and the collision taking turns between cog also causes gear to occur breakage problem.
And due to speed reducer housing employing sealed construction, the heat that retarder work produces can not be dispersed in ambient atmosphere fast, easily cause lubricating oil temperature to raise comparatively large, the lubrication and cooling performance of lubricant oil is reduced, and then causes the driving mechanism of retarder easily to damage.
Further, the heat that retarder produces in the course of the work can make the temperature in reducer shell raise, and air pressure can increase, and air pressure increase easily causes the lubricant oil in speed reducer housing to leak outside from sealing configuration portion, causes loss of lubrication.
Model utility content
In view of this, the purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of retarder with damping, oil-collecting lubrication, circulating cooling and function of balancing air pressure, adopts the mode of splash lubrication to there is gear lubrication and the poor technical problem of cooling effect to solve retarder middle gear in prior art; And in solution prior art, the gear of retarder does not have shock-damping structure, there is impact during gears meshing between gear, when making gears meshing easily there is the problem of fracture in the comparatively large and gear teeth of noise; And retarder heat dispersion is poor in solution prior art, in retarder, lubricating oil temperature raises comparatively large, easily causes the technical problem that retarder driving mechanism damages; And solve retarder and increase the technical problem causing lubricant oil to leak outside because of air pressure inside.
The damping of the utility model band, oil-collecting is lubricated, the retarder of circulating cooling and function of balancing air pressure, comprise speed reducer housing and be arranged on the cylindrical gear drive in speed reducer housing, described cylindrical gear drive comprises the input shaft be arranged on by bearing on speed reducer housing, jack shaft and output shaft, described input shaft is provided with the second gear that the first gear and diameter are less than the first gear, described jack shaft is provided with the 4th gear that the 3rd gear and diameter are less than the 3rd gear, described output shaft is provided with the 5th gear, the spline tooth engagement of described first gear and rotor shaft end, described second gear and the 3rd gears meshing, described 4th gear and the 5th gears meshing,
Described first gear, the 3rd gear and the 5th gear include inner ring body and outer ring body, the external cylindrical surface of described outer ring body is provided with the gear teeth, the inner cylindrical surface of described outer ring body is evenly arranged groove, the external cylindrical surface of described inner ring body is provided with lobe, described lobe is arranged in groove, and is provided with snubber block in the circumferential gap of lobe and groove;
The end face of described first gear, the 3rd gear and the 5th gear is provided with oil catcher, described oil catcher comprises the annulus body be fixed by screws on outer ring body, evenly dividing plate is provided with in described annulus body, independently shoe cream room is formed between adjacent separator, teeth groove one_to_one corresponding on described shoe cream room and gear, the inner ring surface of described annulus body is provided with the oil inlet hole be communicated with shoe cream room, the side that described annulus body coordinates with gear face is provided with oil outlet;
Also comprise lubrication oil circulation cooling unit, described lubrication oil circulation cooling unit comprise oil pump, with the oil exit pipe be connected bottom speed reducer housing and the oil inlet pipe be connected with speed reducer housing top, described oil exit pipe and oil inlet pipe respectively with import and the outlet of oil pump, described oil inlet pipe is connected with radiator.
Further, described oil outlet is near the outer ring surface of annulus body.
Further, the cross section of described annulus body is rectangle.
Further, the end face of described inner ring body is connected by screw the baffle plate preventing outer ring body from coming off vertically.
Further, described inner ring body and outer ring body are made up of powder metallurgy.
Further, described oil exit pipe is also provided with filter, described filter bits is in the filler opening side of radiator.
Further, the top of described speed reducer housing is provided with automatic control pressure vent, the Lower Half outer wall of described speed reducer housing is provided with radiating fin.
Further, the top in described speed reducer housing is provided with the ram's horns be communicated with oil inlet pipe, described ram's horns is provided with the inclination shower nozzle to bearing oil spout and the vertical shower nozzle to gear oil spout.
The beneficial effects of the utility model:
The retarder of 1, the utility model band damping, oil-collecting lubrication, circulating cooling and function of balancing air pressure, it by arranging snubber block between inner ring body and outer ring body, when gears meshing, gear is subject to impulsive load, and now outer ring body just can to snubber block applying pressure along the circumferential direction, snubber block generation resiliently deformable, apparatus with shock absorbing, realizes gear damping, can reduce noise during gears meshing, and can avoid impacting the injury to the gear teeth, avoid occurring broken teeth problem.
The retarder of 2, the utility model band damping, oil-collecting lubrication, circulating cooling and function of balancing air pressure, it by arranging oil catcher on gear face, during work, in oil catcher, annulus body is immersed in lubricant oil a section of gear bottom, lubricant oil enters shoe cream room through oil inlet hole, pinion rotation followed by lubricant oil in shoe cream room, make parts of lubricating oil can be taken to meshing zone of gears to lubricate gear, thus the lubrication and cooling effect of gear can be improved, the working life of prolonged deceleration device.
The retarder of 3, the utility model band damping, oil-collecting lubrication, circulating cooling and function of balancing air pressure, lubricant oil in speed reducer housing pumps by the oil pump in lubrication oil circulation cooling unit by it, lubricant oil is being cooled through radiator, cooled lubricant oil flows back in speed reducer housing through oil inlet pipe again, thus can avoid the technical problem because retarder heat dispersion difference causes lubricating oil temperature to raise.
The retarder of 4, the utility model band damping, oil-collecting lubrication, circulating cooling and function of balancing air pressure, it by arranging automatic control pressure vent on speed reducer housing, when the air pressure in speed reducer housing is greater than the sealing air pressure of automatic control pressure vent, automatic control pressure vent is just opened, thus realize speed reducer housing inside and outside air pressure balance, speed reducer housing internal air pressure can be avoided to raise the technical problem causing lubricant oil to leak outside; And speed reducer housing arranges radiating fin, the cooling of lubricant oil can be accelerated, be conducive to improving lubrication and cooling effect further.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the overall structure schematic diagram of retarder of the damping of the present embodiment band, oil-collecting lubrication, circulating cooling and function of balancing air pressure;
Fig. 2 is the composite structure schematic diagram of speed reducer housing and lubrication oil circulation cooling unit;
Fig. 3 is the transmission cooperating structure schematic diagram of cylindrical gear drive;
Fig. 4 is that gear and oil catcher assemble front perspective view;
Fig. 5 is the back side perspective view that gear and oil catcher are assembled;
Fig. 6 is that after gear and cutting, oil catcher assembles perspective view.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the utility model is further described.
As shown in the figure, the damping of the present embodiment band, oil-collecting is lubricated, the retarder of circulating cooling and function of balancing air pressure, the cylindrical gear drive comprising speed reducer housing 1 and be arranged in speed reducer housing, described cylindrical gear drive comprises the input shaft 2 be arranged on by bearing on speed reducer housing, jack shaft 3 and output shaft 4, described input shaft is provided with the second gear 6 that the first gear 5 and diameter are less than the first gear, described jack shaft is provided with the 4th gear 8 that the 3rd gear 7 and diameter are less than the 3rd gear, described output shaft is provided with the 5th gear 9, the spline tooth engagement of described first gear and rotor shaft end, described second gear and the 3rd gears meshing, described 4th gear and the 5th gears meshing,
Described first gear, the 3rd gear and the 5th gear include inner ring body 10 and outer ring body 11, the external cylindrical surface of described outer ring body is provided with the gear teeth, the inner cylindrical surface of described outer ring body is evenly arranged groove, the external cylindrical surface of described inner ring body is provided with lobe 12, described lobe is arranged in groove, and is provided with snubber block 13 in the circumferential gap of lobe and groove;
The end face of described first gear, the 3rd gear and the 5th gear is provided with oil catcher, described oil catcher comprises the annulus body 14 be fixed by screws on outer ring body, dividing plate 15 is evenly provided with in described annulus body, independently shoe cream room is formed between adjacent separator, teeth groove one_to_one corresponding on described shoe cream room and gear, the inner ring surface of described annulus body is provided with the oil inlet hole 16 be communicated with shoe cream room, the side that described annulus body coordinates with gear face is provided with oil outlet 17;
Also comprise lubrication oil circulation cooling unit, described lubrication oil circulation cooling unit comprise oil pump 18, with the oil exit pipe 19 be connected bottom speed reducer housing and the oil inlet pipe 20 be connected with speed reducer housing top, described oil exit pipe and oil inlet pipe respectively with import and the outlet of oil pump, described oil inlet pipe is connected with radiator 21;
The top of described speed reducer housing is provided with automatic control pressure vent 22, the Lower Half outer wall of described speed reducer housing is provided with radiating fin 23.
The retarder of the damping of the present embodiment band, oil-collecting lubrication, circulating cooling and function of balancing air pressure, it by arranging snubber block between inner ring body and outer ring body, when gears meshing, gear is subject to impulsive load, and now outer ring body just can to snubber block applying pressure along the circumferential direction, snubber block generation resiliently deformable, apparatus with shock absorbing, realizes gear damping, can reduce noise during gears meshing, and can avoid impacting the injury to the gear teeth, avoid occurring broken teeth problem.
And the retarder of the damping of the present embodiment band, oil-collecting lubrication, circulating cooling and function of balancing air pressure, it by arranging oil catcher on gear face, during work, in oil catcher, annulus body is immersed in lubricant oil a section of gear bottom, lubricant oil enters shoe cream room through oil inlet hole, pinion rotation followed by lubricant oil in shoe cream room, make parts of lubricating oil can be taken to meshing zone of gears to lubricate gear, thus the lubrication and cooling effect of gear can be improved, the working life of prolonged deceleration device.
And the damping of the present embodiment band, oil-collecting lubrication, circulating cooling and function of balancing air pressure retarder, it by arranging automatic control pressure vent on speed reducer housing, when the air pressure in speed reducer housing is greater than the sealing air pressure of automatic control pressure vent, automatic control pressure vent is just opened, thus realize speed reducer housing inside and outside air pressure balance, speed reducer housing internal air pressure can be avoided to raise the technical problem causing lubricant oil to leak outside; And speed reducer housing arranges radiating fin, the effect of air heat radiation in the cooling of lubricant oil and reducer shell can be improved.
Further, the retarder of the damping of the present embodiment band, oil-collecting lubrication, circulating cooling and function of balancing air pressure, it by arranging automatic control pressure vent on speed reducer housing, when the air pressure in speed reducer housing is greater than the sealing air pressure of automatic control pressure vent, automatic control pressure vent is just opened, thus realize speed reducer housing inside and outside air pressure balance, speed reducer housing internal air pressure can be avoided to raise the technical problem causing lubricant oil to leak outside; And speed reducer housing arranges radiating fin, the cooling of lubricant oil can be accelerated, be conducive to improving lubrication and cooling effect further.
As the improvement to the present embodiment, described oil outlet 17 is near the outer ring surface of annulus body, oil outlet is arranged on the outer ring surface near annulus body, the lubricant oil remained in shoe cream room at meshing zone of gears can be made can to flow out from oil outlet gear is lubricated, gear lubrication better effects if.
As the improvement to the present embodiment, the cross section of described annulus body is rectangle, and ring tube physical efficiency and gear mass end face are better fitted, and installation reliability is better.
As the improvement to the present embodiment, the end face of described inner ring body is connected by screw the baffle plate 24 preventing outer ring body from coming off vertically, by baffle plate, axial limiting is carried out to outer ring body, the axial slip of working gear process China and foreign countries ring body can be avoided.
As the improvement to the present embodiment, described inner ring body 10 and outer ring body 11 are made up of powder metallurgy, and easily manufactured, manufacturing efficiency is high.
As the improvement to the present embodiment, described oil exit pipe is also provided with filter 25, and described filter bits, in the filler opening side of radiator, is filtered the impurity in lubricant oil by filter, impurity can be avoided to cause damage to the flank of tooth and bearing, the working life of the further prolonged deceleration device of energy.
As the improvement to the present embodiment, the top in described speed reducer housing is provided with the ram's horns 26 be communicated with oil inlet pipe, described ram's horns is provided with the inclination shower nozzle 27 to bearing oil spout and the vertical shower nozzle 28 to gear oil spout; This improvement is by the top in speed reducer housing arranges ram's horns and shower nozzle, what make the active of lubricant oil energy quilt guides bearing and gear into, realize the spray lubrication to bearing and gear, thus further improve lubrication and the cooling effect of bearing and gear, be conducive to the working life of prolonged deceleration device.
What finally illustrate is, above embodiment is only in order to illustrate the technical solution of the utility model and unrestricted, although be described in detail the utility model with reference to preferred embodiment, those of ordinary skill in the art is to be understood that, can modify to the technical solution of the utility model or equivalent replacement, and not departing from aim and the scope of technical solutions of the utility model, it all should be encompassed in the middle of right of the present utility model.

Claims (7)

1. band damping, oil-collecting is lubricated, the retarder of circulating cooling and function of balancing air pressure, comprise speed reducer housing and be arranged on the cylindrical gear drive in speed reducer housing, it is characterized in that: described cylindrical gear drive comprises the input shaft be arranged on by bearing on speed reducer housing, jack shaft and output shaft, described input shaft is provided with the second gear that the first gear and diameter are less than the first gear, described jack shaft is provided with the 4th gear that the 3rd gear and diameter are less than the 3rd gear, described output shaft is provided with the 5th gear, the spline tooth engagement of described first gear and rotor shaft end, described second gear and the 3rd gears meshing, described 4th gear and the 5th gears meshing,
Described first gear, the 3rd gear and the 5th gear include inner ring body and outer ring body, the external cylindrical surface of described outer ring body is provided with the gear teeth, the inner cylindrical surface of described outer ring body is evenly arranged groove, the external cylindrical surface of described inner ring body is provided with lobe, described lobe is arranged in groove, and is provided with snubber block in the circumferential gap of lobe and groove;
The end face of described first gear, the 3rd gear and the 5th gear is provided with oil catcher, described oil catcher comprises the annulus body be fixed by screws on outer ring body, evenly dividing plate is provided with in described annulus body, independently shoe cream room is formed between adjacent separator, teeth groove one_to_one corresponding on described shoe cream room and gear, the inner ring surface of described annulus body is provided with the oil inlet hole be communicated with shoe cream room, the side that described annulus body coordinates with gear face is provided with oil outlet;
Also comprise lubrication oil circulation cooling unit, described lubrication oil circulation cooling unit comprise oil pump, with the oil exit pipe be connected bottom speed reducer housing and the oil inlet pipe be connected with speed reducer housing top, described oil exit pipe and oil inlet pipe respectively with import and the outlet of oil pump, described oil inlet pipe is connected with radiator;
The top of described speed reducer housing is provided with automatic control pressure vent, the Lower Half outer wall of described speed reducer housing is provided with radiating fin.
2. the retarder of band damping according to claim 1, oil-collecting lubrication, circulating cooling and function of balancing air pressure, is characterized in that: described oil outlet is near the outer ring surface of annulus body.
3. the retarder of band damping according to claim 1, oil-collecting lubrication, circulating cooling and function of balancing air pressure, is characterized in that: the cross section of described annulus body is rectangle.
4. the retarder of band damping according to claim 1, oil-collecting lubrication, circulating cooling and function of balancing air pressure, is characterized in that: the end face of described inner ring body is connected by screw the baffle plate preventing outer ring body from coming off vertically.
5. the retarder of band damping according to claim 1, oil-collecting lubrication, circulating cooling and function of balancing air pressure, is characterized in that: described inner ring body and outer ring body are made up of powder metallurgy.
6. the retarder of band damping according to claim 1, oil-collecting lubrication, circulating cooling and function of balancing air pressure, it is characterized in that: described oil exit pipe is also provided with filter, described filter bits is in the filler opening side of radiator.
7. the retarder of band damping according to claim 1, oil-collecting lubrication, circulating cooling and function of balancing air pressure, it is characterized in that: the top in described speed reducer housing is provided with the ram's horns be communicated with oil inlet pipe, described ram's horns is provided with the inclination shower nozzle to bearing oil spout and the vertical shower nozzle to gear oil spout.
CN201520943892.9U 2015-11-24 2015-11-24 Take shock attenuation, collect glossy cunning, circulative cooling and atmospheric pressure balance function's reduction gear Expired - Fee Related CN205190718U (en)

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CN201520943892.9U CN205190718U (en) 2015-11-24 2015-11-24 Take shock attenuation, collect glossy cunning, circulative cooling and atmospheric pressure balance function's reduction gear

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CN201520943892.9U CN205190718U (en) 2015-11-24 2015-11-24 Take shock attenuation, collect glossy cunning, circulative cooling and atmospheric pressure balance function's reduction gear

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105276131A (en) * 2015-11-24 2016-01-27 綦江奔力齿轮有限公司 Speed reduction drive device with damping, lubricating, cooling and air pressure balancing functions

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105276131A (en) * 2015-11-24 2016-01-27 綦江奔力齿轮有限公司 Speed reduction drive device with damping, lubricating, cooling and air pressure balancing functions

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20160427

Termination date: 20161124

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee