CN205097330U - Automatic control becomes peeler of sword door and relief angle - Google Patents

Automatic control becomes peeler of sword door and relief angle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205097330U
CN205097330U CN201520834349.5U CN201520834349U CN205097330U CN 205097330 U CN205097330 U CN 205097330U CN 201520834349 U CN201520834349 U CN 201520834349U CN 205097330 U CN205097330 U CN 205097330U
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China
Prior art keywords
knife rest
cutter
guide rail
roller
slide
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CN201520834349.5U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
宋修财
王成瑞
祁世飞
秦磊
邓斌
于永鹏
丛培敏
江万里
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SHANDONG BAISHENGYUAN GROUP CO Ltd
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SHANDONG BAISHENGYUAN GROUP CO Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P70/00Climate change mitigation technologies in the production process for final industrial or consumer products
    • Y02P70/10Greenhouse gas [GHG] capture, material saving, heat recovery or other energy efficient measures, e.g. motor control, characterised by manufacturing processes, e.g. for rolling metal or metal working

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  • Manufacture Of Wood Veneers (AREA)

Abstract

The utility model discloses an automatic control becomes peeler of sword door and relief angle, including frame, the knife rest body, pressure micrometer frame, sword door servo motor, single driving roller, single roller motor, dual drive roller, two roller frame, two roller motor, sword door adjusting device, sword relief angle device, vice slide, deputy guide way, knife rest servo motor and frequency conversion control system, its characterized in that sword door adjusting device adopts the automatic sword door gear that becomes, change according to rotary log diameter, make the action of frequency conversion control system instruction knife rest servo motor, make and press micrometer frame to drive the antedisplacement through left angling frame and right angling frame, in -process in the antedisplacement, guide roller through left angling frame rear end upwards rolls along the slope of right slant rail along the guide roller of left slant rail and right angling frame rear end, and then reach the sword door clearance that nose bar roller with the knife rest body of micrometer frame front side were pressed to the automatic adjustment, showing and improving the rotary -cut quality, and a work efficiency is increased, greatly reduced the finished product rejection rate.

Description

Automatically the peeler becoming cutter door and relief angle can be controlled
Technical field
The utility model relates to woodworking machinery technical field, specifically a kind of peeler that automatically can control change cutter door and relief angle.
Background technology
At present, existing peeler comprises support, single transmission roller, two live-roller, two roll stand, two roll driving apparatus, device for adjusting knife door, cutter relief angle digital display device, tool-post structure, nose bar frame, left leading screw, right leading screw, secondary slide, secondary guide rail, left servomotor, right servomotor and frequency-changing control system, described support is provided with tool-post structure and two roll stand, described tool-post structure upper end is provided with nose bar frame, side is provided with dress cutter box, lower end is connected with the secondary slide be fixed on inside support through secondary slide, and through being fixed on the gradient of the tilt adjustment device adjustment tool-post structure on support, described tool-post structure left end is provided with left leading screw through nut and support and is connected, right-hand member is provided with right leading screw through nut and support and is connected, described left leading screw is through turbine box and left driven by servomotor, described right leading screw is through turbine box and right driven by servomotor, dress cutter box fixes through the hold(ing)-down clip be fixed on tool-post structure, be provided with in described dress cutter box and revolve cutter, described nose bar frame side is provided with single roller, opposite side is connected with tool-post structure through lead screw pair, described lead screw pair drives through drive unit, described single roller is through single-roll drive device, be beneficial to drive nose bar frame to move relative to two roller by lead screw pair, described left servomotor is connected with left leading screw through turbine box, right servomotor is connected with right leading screw through turbine box, V-shaped groove is provided with above the push type broach locating hole of described nose bar frame front end, nose bar is fixed on V-shaped groove through knife adjusting device, described knife adjusting device comprises spherical space washer, silk braid, bolt, nuts and washers, spherical space washer lower surface is spherical in shape, silk braid outer wall is provided with screw thread, silk braid inner hole sleeve is passing on push type broach locating hole bolt, outer wall is threaded with nose bar, upper end fixes through nuts and washers and nose bar, the plane of lower end and spherical space washer is inconsistent, spherical space washer is tangent through the inwall of spherical and V-shaped groove, described support is provided with and partially revolves cutter door angle display device, the described cutter door angle display device that partially revolves comprises dial plate, holder, bearing, gear shaft, sector gear, gear, pointer, bearing and dial, bearing one end is fixedly connected with holder, the other end is fixedly connected with dial plate through nut, gear shaft is provided with gear, gear shaft one end is through bearing, back-up ring is fixedly connected with holder, the other end is fixedly connected with bearing through bearing, gear is meshed with sector gear, sector gear is fixed on slide, dial is fixed on the bearing in dial plate, dial is provided with pointer, the hole that pointer is provided with through dial through screw is fixed on gear shaft, nose bar frame is provided with pull bar and push rod, the rear end of pull bar and the corresponding nose bar of push rod.When adjusting cutter door spacing, first adjust the pull bar on nose bar frame and push rod, to adjust nose bar and the original position of revolving cutter, ensure that nose bar reaches linearity requirement, when adjusting the nose bar frame of left slide or right slide one end, first adjust the silk braid on nose bar frame, nose bar frame is rotated centered by rotating shaft, change the starting altitude of nose bar and cutter, slide by driven by servomotor along guide pass straight ahead or retrogressing, with make nose bar advance or fallback procedures in nose bar blade all the time by revolving the blade of cutter, when partially revolving, the leading screw of one driven by servomotor support one end, leading screw drives left slide or right slide advance or retreat, drive the spherical space washer be enclosed within bolt under the thrust of V-shaped groove, reversed turning centered by bolt axis, with realize two ends to revolve cutter door spacing between cutter with nose bar not identical, namely ensure that different according to round log two ends hardness and need the requirement that cutter door spacing is different, rotary-cut goes out qualified veneer, adjusting nose bar and revolving in the spacing process of cutter, by programme-control, left slide or right slide are rotated centered by shaft axis, being fixed on sector gear on left slide or right slide along with left slide or right slide rotates, gear on sector gear driven gear axle rotates, and then the pointer of driven gear axle one end rotates, namely angle display panel demonstrates the angle that pointer rotates, the angle shown by angle display panel determines veneer thickness, the deficiency that this cutter door revolves angle device is partially: one is complex structure, equipment cost is high, cutter door trimming precision is difficult to ensure, two is because cutter door angle display device is mounted in support side, because operating personnel are when operating, normally by the parameters value of the display screen adjustment equipment in controller, and when adjusting cutter door, then need the position of rotation of the pointer on real time inspection dial, cause operating personnel to operate or commissioning device very inconvenient, in order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the applicant has applied for that in 2015-5-25 to Patent Office of the People's Republic of China name is called the utility model patent of cutter door fine setting digital display device, it comprises tool-post structure, nose bar frame, rotating shaft, transmission digital display device, eccentric bushing, swivel base and frequency-changing control system, described nose bar frame is connected with tool-post structure through the rotating shaft be fixed on nose bar frame, described nose bar frame upper end is provided with transmission digital display device, described transmission digital display device comprises bearing, support, worm screw, driving wheel, driven pulley, Timing Belt, synchronizing shaft, holder, encoder and cutter door motor, described bearing lower end is fixedly connected with nose bar frame, upper end is fixedly connected with bearing, side is fixedly connected with cutter door motor, described worm screw one end after bearing is fixedly connected with bearing is fixedly connected with cutter door motor, the other end is fixedly connected with driving wheel, described support is fixed with holder, described synchronizing shaft is fixed on holder through bearing, one end is fixedly connected with driven pulley, the other end is fixedly connected with encoder, described driving wheel is connected with driven pulley through Timing Belt, described rotating shaft is fixed with swivel base, described rotating shaft two ends are provided with eccentric shaft part, on described eccentric shaft part, cover has eccentric bushing, described eccentric bushing outer wall and tool-post structure are slidably connected, inwall is fixedly connected with eccentric shaft part, described swivel base upper end is provided with sector gear, described sector gear is meshed with worm screw, described cutter door motor is connected with frequency-changing control system respectively with encoder, although solve above-mentioned technical problem, but it is not enough also to there is very large substance: auto-changing cutter door angle as required can not to be walked in rotary-cut process without card, therefore, cause inefficiency, finished product percent defective is high, described cutter relief angle digital display device is that the applicant has applied for that in 2015-5-25 to Patent Office of the People's Republic of China denomination of invention is the utility model patent of cutter relief angle digital display device, this device comprises encoder, holder, rotating shaft, bearing, eccentric shaft, turbine, worm screw, sector gear and support, described secondary slide lower end is connected with secondary guide rail, side is fixedly connected with tool-post structure, described tool-post structure is arranged on support, dress cutter box is provided with on front side of tool-post structure, be provided with in described dress cutter box and revolve cutter, dress cutter box fixes through the hold(ing)-down clip be fixed on tool-post structure, eccentric shaft is fixed with on rear side of tool-post structure, described eccentric shaft is provided with turbine, described eccentric shaft two ends are connected with secondary slide through eccentric bushing, described turbine is meshed with scroll bar, described worm screw drives through motor, described synchronous transmission device comprises large synchronous pulley, gear shaft, Timing Belt, small synchronous pulley and gear, parallelly on described support be provided with gear shaft and rotating shaft, described gear shaft one end is fixedly connected with gear, the other end is fixedly connected with large synchronous pulley, described gear shaft is meshed with sector gear, described pedestal upper end is fixedly connected with sector gear, lower end is connected with secondary slide, described rotating shaft passes bearing and one end is fixedly connected with small synchronous pulley after bearing is fixedly connected with holder, the other end is connected with encoder, described small synchronous pulley is connected with large synchronous pulley through Timing Belt, described encoder is connected with frequency-changing control system through wire, when adjusting cutter relief angle, motor drives eccentric shaft to rotate by turbine and worm, two slides in left and right are driven to rotate respectively, making to be fixed on sector gear on slide along with slide rotates, the large synchronous pulley of the sector gear driven gear axle other end rotates, large synchronous pulley drives small synchronous pulley to rotate through Timing Belt, small synchronous pulley and then driven rotary axle rotate, the encoder of the rotating shaft other end senses swing offset and converts this swing offset to digital pulse signal and is uploaded in frequency-changing control system, although this cutter relief angle digital display device shows intuitively by the display screen in frequency-changing control system, operating personnel can directly find out the thickness that veneer adjusts on a display screen, greatly facilitate adjustment, but also exist following not enough: during adjustment cutter relief angle, cutter relief angle can only be artificially adjusted to certain numerical value according to the data of display screen display, and adjustment cutter relief angle automatically can not be needed in real time according to rotary-cut, the quality dissatisfaction of the veneer causing rotary-cut to go out, rotary-cut speed is slow, veneer percent defective is high, inefficiency.
And, the control system of existing peeler is by central controller control oil pump motor respectively, single roller motor, two roller motor, knife rest servomotor, the start and stop of cutter door motor and pneumatic operated valve, and information is uploaded in PLC calculates by being arranged on travel switch on support and tool-post structure and limit switch, and by touch-screen, numerical value is shown, the state of handled easily person query facility, its deficiency is: due to the constant airspeed of rotary-cut slab set in central controller, therefore, infinitely variable speeds can not be carried out according to the size of log diameter, the yield rate of the slab causing rotary-cut to go out is very low.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model solves above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art, provides the peeler that automatically can control to become cutter door and relief angle that a kind of novel structure, rotary-cut quality are high, veneer percent defective is low, operating efficiency is high.
The utility model solves the technical scheme that its technical problem adopts:
A kind of peeler that automatically can control change cutter door and relief angle, comprise support, tool-post structure, nose bar frame, cutter door servomotor, single transmission roller, single roller motor, two live-roller, two roll stand, two roller motor, device for adjusting knife door, angle apparatus after cutter, secondary slide, secondary guide rail and frequency-changing control system, it is characterized in that described device for adjusting knife door adopts and automatically become cutter door gear, described automatic change cutter door gear comprises slide, rotary support, left slant rail, right slant rail, guide roller, left horizontal guide rail, right horizontal guide rail, revolution fulcrum, left horizontal drive apparatus and right horizontal drive apparatus, described support left end is provided with left horizontal guide rail, left slant rail and left horizontal drive apparatus, right-hand member is provided with right horizontal guide rail, right slant rail and right horizontal drive apparatus, described upper part of the frame is provided with tool-post structure and nose bar frame, nose bar roller is provided with on front side of described nose bar frame, dress cutter box and hold(ing)-down clip, described nose bar frame left end is anterior to be hinged through revolution fulcrum and left rotary support, right-hand member is anterior to be hinged through revolution fulcrum and right-hand rotation support, left front portion, described left rotary support lower end is hinged through rotating shaft and left slide, the guide roller of rear portion through being provided with rolls with left slant rail and is connected, described right-hand rotation pedestal lower end right front portion and rotating shaft and right slide are hinged, the guide roller of rear portion through being provided with rolls with right slant rail and is connected, described left horizontal drive apparatus is by left driving leading screw, left knife rest servomotor and left screw composition, described right horizontal drive apparatus is by right driving leading screw, right knife rest servomotor and right screw composition, described left knife rest servomotor and right knife rest servomotor control through frequency-changing control system respectively, described left horizontal guide rail is positioned at left slant rail front end, and the inclined-plane of left slant rail along left horizontal guide rail horizontal plane gradually backward and downward-sloping, described right horizontal guide rail is positioned at right slant rail front end, and the inclined-plane of right slant rail along right horizontal guide rail horizontal plane gradually backward and downward-sloping, described left driving leading screw to be positioned between left horizontal guide rail and parallel with left horizontal guide rail, described left driving leading screw two ends are respectively through bearing, bearing block is fixedly connected with support, described left driving leading screw has been threaded left screw, described left driving leading screw is through left knife rest driven by servomotor, described right driving leading screw to be positioned between right horizontal guide rail and parallel with right horizontal guide rail, described right driving leading screw two ends are respectively through bearing, bearing block is fixedly connected with support, described right driving leading screw has been threaded right screw, described right driving leading screw is through right knife rest driven by servomotor, described left slide lower end is fixedly connected with left screw, and both sides and left horizontal guide rail are slidably connected, described right slide lower end is fixedly connected with right screw, and both sides and right horizontal guide rail are slidably connected, described left slide and right slide bottom respectively correspondence are provided with tool-post structure rotational shaft insertion hole, described tool-post structure left end is connected with the tool-post structure installing hole of left slide through turning cylinder, right-hand member is connected with the tool-post structure installing hole of right slide through turning cylinder, be beneficial to the change of the log diameter according to rotary-cut, make frequency-changing control system instruction left knife rest servomotor and the action of right knife rest servomotor, the left driving leading screw of left knife rest driven by servomotor rotates, the left slide on left screw and left screw is driven to move forward along left horizontal guide rail, the right driving leading screw of right knife rest driven by servomotor rotates, the right slide on right screw and right screw is driven to move forward along right horizontal guide rail, nose bar frame is made to drive reach through left rotary support and right-hand rotation support, in the process of reach, scrolled up along the slope of right slant rail along the guide roller of left slant rail and right-hand rotation back-end support by the guide roller of left rotary support rear end, and then the cutter door gap of the nose bar roller reached on front side of automatic adjustment nose bar frame and tool-post structure, significantly improve rotary-cut quality, improve operating efficiency, greatly reduce finished product percent defective.
After cutter described in the utility model, angle apparatus adopts and automatically becomes rear angle apparatus, it comprises dress cutter box, revolve cutter, hold(ing)-down clip, push type broach cylinder, fulcrum, revolution fulcrum and tilt adjustment device, two ends, described tool-post structure bottom are hinged through fulcrum and secondary slide respectively, upper left end is hinged through revolution fulcrum and left slide, right-hand member is hinged through revolution fulcrum and right slide, dress cutter box is provided with on front side of described tool-post structure, be provided with in described dress cutter box and revolve cutter, dress cutter box fixes through the hold(ing)-down clip be fixed on tool-post structure, described secondary guide rail lower front part is connected with the tilt adjustment device be fixed on support, rear end and support are hinged, upper end and secondary slide are slidably connected, be connected with nose bar frame in the middle part of described hold(ing)-down clip, top is inconsistent with dress cutter box, bottom is inconsistent with the push type broach cylinder be fixed on nose bar frame, described push type broach cylinder is connected with frequency-changing control system with hydraulic pump through hydraulic buttery valve, be beneficial to by the action of frequency-changing control system hydraulic control pump, push type broach cylinder is driven to drive the compression of hold(ing)-down clip or unclamp, be beneficial to the diminishing gradually of diameter according to the log of rotary-cut and control left knife rest servomotor and the action of right knife rest servomotor by frequency-changing control system, make the left slide at tool-post structure two ends and right slide drive tool-post structure to move forward gradually and be close to log, and make tool-post structure move along the inclined-plane of secondary guide rail and make the cutter that revolves on tool-post structure centered by the center of circle of log, change cutter relief angle gradually simultaneously, reach the object of adjustment cutter relief angle automatically.
The incline direction of secondary guide rail described in the utility model is contrary with the incline direction of left slant rail and right slant rail, is beneficial to while automatically becoming cutter door, reach the effect automatically becoming relief angle.
Tilt adjustment device described in the utility model is made up of bearing, adjusting bolt and setscrew nut, described bearing side is fixedly connected with support, after the screwed hole that described adjusting bolt and bearing are provided with is threaded upper end and secondary guide rail inconsistent, and be fixed on bearing through setscrew nut, to reach the convenient effect regulating secondary guide rail gradient.
The utility model can be provided with cylinder on nose bar frame, and described cylinder is connected with frequency-changing control system, is beneficial to, by the action of frequency-changing control system control cylinder, be ejected by the reel after rotary-cut.
Frequency-changing control system described in the utility model comprises PLC CCC, touch-screen, frequency-variable controller, knife rest servo controller, cutter door servo controller, cutter door proximity switch, knife rest proximity switch, hydraulic buttery valve and hydraulic pump, described frequency-variable controller, knife rest servo controller, cutter door servo controller, hydraulic buttery valve, cutter door proximity switch, knife rest proximity switch and touch-screen are connected with PLC CCC with analog input module through analog output module respectively, described cutter door proximity switch is fixed on tool-post structure, described knife rest proximity switch is fixed on support, described knife rest servo controller is by PLC CCC instruction left knife rest servomotor and the running of right knife rest servomotor, described cutter door servo controller is by the instruction cutter door servomotor running of PLC CCC, cutter door servomotor is made to drive nose bar frame to advance through cutter door servo controller and cutter door drive or retreat, reach the effect of adjustment cutter door automatically, described frequency-variable controller controls single roller motor respectively by the instruction of PLC CCC, two roller motor action, and the ejecting plate speed passing through the friction speed section arranged in PLC CCC, drive single transmission roller and two live-roller frequency conversion rotation, reach the frequency conversion rotary-cut driving log,
The utility model is owing to adopting said structure, solve existing control device cannot change rotary-cut speed immediately substance deficiency according to the change of log diameter, and, the utility model compared with prior art, by the stepless frequency control of frequency-variable controller within the identical time, the length of the sheet material that rotary-cut is gone out is the longest reaches 80 meters, be 2 times of the length of the sheet material that existing control device rotary-cut goes out, there is novel structure, rotary-cut quality is high, veneer percent defective is low, the advantage such as operating efficiency is high.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is the top view of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the left view of Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is the partial enlarged drawing of A in Fig. 1.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation automatically becoming cutter door gear in the utility model.
Fig. 6 is the profile of B-B in Fig. 5.
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of angle apparatus after automatically becoming in the utility model.
Fig. 8 is the profile of C-C in Fig. 7.
Fig. 9 is the theory diagram of the utility model frequency-changing control system.
Reference numeral: support 1, tool-post structure 2, nose bar frame 3, cutter door servomotor 4, single transmission roller 5, single roller motor 6, two live-roller 7, two roll stand 8, two roller motor 9, secondary slide 12, secondary guide rail 13, left knife rest servomotor 14, right knife rest servomotor 14, slide 15-1, 15-2, rotary support 16-1, 16-2, left slant rail 17, right slant rail 18, guide roller 19, left horizontal guide rail 20, right horizontal guide rail 21, revolution fulcrum 22, nose bar roller 25, dress cutter box 26, hold(ing)-down clip 27, rotating shaft 28, dress cutter box 26, revolve cutter 27, hold(ing)-down clip 28, push type broach cylinder 29, fulcrum 30, bearing 31, adjusting bolt 32, setscrew nut 33, revolution fulcrum 34, tilt adjustment device 35, PLC CCC 36, touch-screen 37, frequency-variable controller 38, knife rest servo controller 39, cutter door servo controller 40, cutter door proximity switch 41, knife rest proximity switch 42, hydraulic buttery valve 43, hydraulic pump 44, analog output module 45, analog input module 46, cylinder 47, tool-post structure rotational shaft insertion hole 48, jack 49.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the utility model is further illustrated:
As shown in drawings, a kind of peeler that automatically can control change cutter door and relief angle, comprise support 1, tool-post structure 2, nose bar frame 3, cutter door servomotor 4, single transmission roller 5, single roller motor 6, two live-roller 7, two roll stand 8, two roller motor 9, device for adjusting knife door, angle apparatus after cutter, secondary slide 12, secondary guide rail 13 and frequency-changing control system, described tool-post structure, nose bar frame, single transmission roller, single roller motor, two live-roller, two roll stand, structure and the annexation of two roller motor are same as the prior art, this does not repeat, it is characterized in that described device for adjusting knife door adopts and automatically become cutter door gear, described automatic change cutter door gear comprises slide 15-1, 15-2, rotary support 16-1, 16-2, left slant rail 17, right slant rail 18, guide roller 19, left horizontal guide rail 20, right horizontal guide rail 21, revolution fulcrum 22, left horizontal drive apparatus and right horizontal drive apparatus, described support 1 left end is provided with left horizontal guide rail 20, left slant rail 17 and left horizontal drive apparatus, right-hand member is provided with right horizontal guide rail 21, right slant rail 18 and right horizontal drive apparatus, described support 1 top is provided with tool-post structure 2 and nose bar frame 3, nose bar roller 25 is provided with on front side of described nose bar frame 3, dress cutter box 26 and hold(ing)-down clip 27, the anterior jack 49 be provided with through revolution fulcrum 22 and left rotary support 16-1 top of described nose bar frame 3 left end is hinged, right-hand member is anterior to be hinged with right-hand rotation support 16-2 through revolution fulcrum 22, left front portion, described left rotary support 16-1 lower end is hinged with left slide 15-1 through rotating shaft 28, the guide roller 19 of rear portion through being provided with rolls with left slant rail 17 and is connected, described right-hand rotation support 16-2 lower end right front portion and rotating shaft 28 are hinged with right slide 15-2, the guide roller 19 of rear portion through being provided with rolls with right slant rail 18 and is connected, described left horizontal drive apparatus is by left driving leading screw, left knife rest servomotor and left screw composition, described right horizontal drive apparatus is by right driving leading screw, right knife rest servomotor and right screw composition, described left knife rest servomotor and right knife rest servomotor control through frequency-changing control system, described left horizontal guide rail 20 is positioned at left slant rail 17 front end, and the inclined-plane of left slant rail 17 along left horizontal guide rail 20 horizontal plane gradually backward and downward-sloping, described right horizontal guide rail 21 is positioned at right slant rail 18 front end, and the inclined-plane of right slant rail 18 along right horizontal guide rail 21 horizontal plane gradually backward and downward-sloping, described left driving leading screw to be positioned between left horizontal guide rail and parallel with left horizontal guide rail 20, described left driving leading screw two ends are respectively through bearing, bearing block is fixedly connected with support 1, described left driving leading screw has been threaded left screw, described left driving leading screw is through left knife rest driven by servomotor, described right driving leading screw to be positioned between right horizontal guide rail and parallel with right horizontal guide rail 21, described right driving leading screw two ends are respectively through bearing, bearing block is fixedly connected with support 1, described right driving leading screw has been threaded right screw, described right driving leading screw is through right knife rest driven by servomotor, described left slide lower end is fixedly connected with left screw, and both sides and left horizontal guide rail 20 are slidably connected, described right slide 15-2 lower end is fixedly connected with right screw, and both sides and right horizontal guide rail 21 are slidably connected, described left slide 15-1 and right slide 15-2 bottom respectively correspondence are provided with tool-post structure rotational shaft insertion hole 48, described tool-post structure 2 left end is connected through the tool-post structure installing hole of turning cylinder with left slide 15-1, right-hand member is connected through the tool-post structure installing hole of turning cylinder with right slide 15-2, be beneficial to the change of the log diameter according to rotary-cut, make frequency-changing control system instruction left knife rest servomotor and the action of right knife rest servomotor, the left driving leading screw of left knife rest driven by servomotor rotates, the left slide 15-1 on left screw and left screw is driven to move forward along left horizontal guide rail 20, the right driving leading screw of right knife rest driven by servomotor rotates, the right slide 15-2 on right screw and right screw is driven to move forward along right horizontal guide rail 21, nose bar frame 3 is made to drive reach through left rotary support 16-1 and right-hand rotation support 16-2, in the process of reach, scrolled up along the slope of right slant rail 18 along the guide roller 19 of left slant rail 17 and right-hand rotation support 16-2 rear end by the guide roller 19 of left rotary support 16-1 rear end, and then the cutter door gap of the nose bar roller 25 reached on front side of automatic adjustment nose bar frame 3 and tool-post structure 3, significantly improve rotary-cut quality, improve operating efficiency, greatly reduce finished product percent defective.
After cutter described in the utility model, angle apparatus adopts and automatically becomes rear angle apparatus, it comprises dress cutter box 26, revolve cutter 27, hold(ing)-down clip 28, push type broach cylinder 29, fulcrum 30, revolution fulcrum 34 and tilt adjustment device 35, two ends, described tool-post structure 2 bottom are hinged through fulcrum 30 and secondary slide 12 respectively, upper left end is hinged with left slide 15-1 through revolution fulcrum 34, right-hand member is hinged with right slide 15-2 through revolution fulcrum 34, dress cutter box 26 is provided with on front side of described tool-post structure 2, be provided with in described dress cutter box 26 and revolve cutter 27, dress cutter box 26 fixes through the hold(ing)-down clip 28 be fixed on tool-post structure 2, described secondary guide rail 13 lower end is connected with the tilt adjustment device 35 be fixed on support 1, upper end and secondary slide 12 are slidably connected, be connected with nose bar frame 3 in the middle part of described hold(ing)-down clip 27, top is inconsistent with dress cutter box 26, bottom is inconsistent with the push type broach cylinder 29 be fixed on nose bar frame 3, described push type broach cylinder 29 is connected with frequency-changing control system with hydraulic pump through hydraulic buttery valve, be beneficial to by the action of frequency-changing control system hydraulic control pump, push type broach cylinder 29 is driven to drive the compression of hold(ing)-down clip 28 or unclamp, be beneficial to diminishing gradually of the diameter of the log according to rotary-cut and control the action of knife rest servomotor 14 by frequency-changing control system, make the left slide 15-1 at tool-post structure 2 two ends and right slide 15-2 drive tool-post structure 2 to move forward gradually and be close to log, and make tool-post structure 2 move along the inclined-plane of secondary guide rail 13 and make the cutter 27 that revolves on tool-post structure 2 centered by the center of circle of log, change cutter relief angle gradually simultaneously, reach the object of adjustment cutter relief angle automatically.
The incline direction of secondary guide rail described in the utility model is contrary with the incline direction of left slant rail and right slant rail, is beneficial to while automatically becoming cutter door, reach the effect automatically becoming relief angle.
Tilt adjustment device described in the utility model is made up of bearing 31, adjusting bolt 32 and setscrew nut 33, described bearing 31 side is fixedly connected with support 1, after the screwed hole that described adjusting bolt 32 and bearing 14 are provided with is threaded upper end and secondary guide rail 13 inconsistent, and be fixed on bearing 31 through setscrew nut 33, to reach the convenient effect regulating secondary guide rail 13 gradient.
The utility model can be provided with cylinder 47 on nose bar frame 3, and described cylinder is connected with frequency-changing control system, is beneficial to by the action of frequency-changing control system control cylinder, by after rotary-cut reel eject.
Frequency-changing control system described in the utility model comprises PLC CCC 36, touch-screen 37, frequency-variable controller 38, knife rest servo controller 39, cutter door servo controller 40, cutter door proximity switch 41, knife rest proximity switch 42, hydraulic buttery valve 43, hydraulic pump 44, knife rest counting module 48 and cutter door counting module 49, described frequency-variable controller 38, knife rest servo controller 39, cutter door servo controller 40, hydraulic buttery valve 43, cutter door proximity switch 41, knife rest proximity switch 42, touch-screen 37, knife rest counting module 48 is connected with PLC CCC 36 with analog input module 46 through analog output module 45 respectively with cutter door counting module 49, described cutter door proximity switch 41 is fixed on tool-post structure 2, described knife rest proximity switch 42 is fixed on support 1, described knife rest technology modules 48 is arranged on left knife rest servomotor and right knife rest servomotor, described cutter door counting module is arranged on cutter door servomotor, be beneficial to the revolution of real time record left knife rest servomotor and right knife rest servomotor and cutter door servomotor and be uploaded to PLC CCC, described knife rest servo controller 39 is operated by PLC CCC 36 instruction left knife rest servomotor 14 and right knife rest servomotor 14, described cutter door servo controller 40 is operated by PLC CCC 36 instruction cutter door servomotor 4, cutter door servomotor 4 is made to drive nose bar frame 3 advance or retreat through cutter door servo controller and cutter door drive, reach the effect of adjustment cutter door automatically, described frequency-variable controller 38 controls single roller motor 6 respectively by PLC CCC 36 instruction, the action of two roller motor 9, and pass through the ejecting plate speed of the friction speed section arranged in PLC CCC 36, single transmission roller 5 and two live-roller 7 frequency conversion is driven to rotate, reach the frequency conversion rotary-cut driving log, the mode that described cutter door drive can adopt leading screw and nut to combine, the annexation of this structure is prior art, this does not repeat.
Operationally, PLC CCC 36 switches on power the utility model, first carries out pinching action to push type broach, primer fluid press pump 44, hydraulic pump motor drives the action of push type broach cylinder 29, compresses, after pressure reaches the pressure of setting revolving cutter 27, compression valve YV3 dead electricity in hydraulic buttery valve 43, when Pressure Drop is to the lower limit set, the compression valve YV3 in hydraulic buttery valve 43 is energized automatically, when needs tool changing, the valve YV2 that unclamps in hydraulic buttery valve 43 is energized, and push type broach cylinder is retracted;
Adjust nose bar, click " nose bar enters " button on the control panel in PLC CCC 36, PLC CCC 36 i.e. instruction cutter door servo controller 40 controls the action of cutter door servomotor 4, drives nose bar frame 3 to advance,
By manually adjusting tilt adjustment device, secondary guide rail 13 is made to meet the requirements of gradient, by the clamp jaw at tool-post structure 2 two ends of log clamping between single transmission roller 5 and two live-roller 7;
The touch-screen 37 of PLC CCC 36 arranges the ejecting plate speed of the friction speed section of single transmission roller 5 and two live-roller 7, the ejecting plate speed that 4 sections different can be established, also can establish the log diameter of the 3rd, the 4th section of ejecting plate speed simultaneously, rotary-cut thickness of slab can also be set;
PLC CCC 36 instruction knife rest servo controller 39 action, drive left knife rest servomotor and the action simultaneously of right knife rest servomotor, left driving leading screw and right driving leading screw is driven to rotate, the left screw on left driving leading screw is made to drive left slide 15-1 to move forward along left horizontal guide rail 20, right screw on right driving leading screw drives right slide 15-2 along the displacement of right horizontal guide rail 21, tool-post structure 2 is driven to be close to log gradually, simultaneously, the secondary slide 12 of tool-post structure 2 lower end is along in the inclined-plane reach process of secondary guide rail 13, tool-post structure 2 is rotated gradually, and then the cutter relief angle of tool-post structure 2 front end is changed gradually, reach the object of adjustment cutter relief angle automatically, significantly improve operating efficiency and rotary-cut quality,
While driving tool-post structure 2 moves forward, PLC CCC 36 is also instruction left knife rest servomotor and the action of right knife rest servomotor 14 simultaneously, left driving leading screw and right driving leading screw is driven to rotate, drive left slide 15-1 on left screw and left screw along the displacement of left horizontal guide rail 20, right slide 15-2 is along the displacement of right horizontal guide rail 21, nose bar frame 3 is driven to move forward, simultaneously, on rear side of nose bar frame 3, the guide roller 19 of lower end moves on the inclined-plane of left slant rail 17 and right slant rail 19, drive nose bar frame 3 through left rotary support 16-1, right-hand rotation support 16-2 rotates gradually centered by rotating shaft 30, and then reach nose bar roller 25 on front side of automatic adjustment nose bar frame 3 and tool-post structure 2 revolves the different gap of cutter 27 in rotary-cut process, in rotary-cut process, PLC CCC 36 instruction frequency-variable controller 38 drives single roller motor 5 and two roller motor 9 to operate simultaneously, in the process of running, be uploaded to PLC CCC compare process by the revolution of knife rest counting module and cutter door counting module real time record left knife rest servomotor, right knife rest servomotor and cutter door servomotor, send instructions down, now single roller motor 5 and two roller motor 9 are by first paragraph ejecting plate speed (V1) running arranged again,
After rotary trunk-layer stripping machine without clamper rotary-cut starts, the wooden skin that peeler screws out covers the optoelectronic switch on rotary trunk-layer stripping machine without clamper conveyer belt below, time delay list roller motor and two roller motor, now presses second segment ejecting plate speed (V2) running of touch-screen setting;
When the log diameter after rotary-cut is less than or equal to the log diameter value that touch-screen sets, single roller motor, two roller motor are now by the 3rd section of ejecting plate speed (V3) running that touch-screen sets;
When peeler log diameter is less than or equal to screen upper setting log diameter value, single roller motor, two roller motor are now by the 4th section of ejecting plate speed (V4) running that touch-screen sets, the utility model is owing to adopting above-mentioned VFC, make log diameter while constantly changing, speed also can according to the change of log diameter from slow to fast, then by fast gradually to slow change, the thickness equilibrium of the slab that rotary-cut is gone out, substantially increase ejecting plate quality, veneer percent defective is dropped to minimum;
When after the reel that rounding to minimum diameter is, information is uploaded to PLC CCC by knife rest proximity switch and cutter door proximity switch respectively, PLC CCC and instruction left knife rest servo controller drive left knife rest servomotor and right knife rest servomotor to drive tool-post structure to return original position soon, cutter door servo controller drives the action of cutter door servomotor, nose bar frame is driven to return initial point, the instruction cylinder action of PLC CCC, by remaining for rotary-cut reel top from tool-post structure;
So, repeatedly repeat above-mentioned action, the rotary-cut of log can be completed.
Embodiment: be uploaded to PLC CCC compare process by the revolution of knife rest counting module and cutter door counting module real time record left knife rest servomotor, right knife rest servomotor and cutter door servomotor, send instructions down, now single roller motor 5 and two roller motor 9 operate by the first paragraph ejecting plate speed V1=0-40m/s arranged again;
After rotary trunk-layer stripping machine without clamper rotary-cut starts, the wooden skin that peeler screws out covers the optoelectronic switch on rotary trunk-layer stripping machine without clamper conveyer belt below, time delay list roller motor and two roller motor, and the second segment ejecting plate speed V2=40-80m/s now pressing touch-screen setting operates;
When the log diameter after rotary-cut is less than or equal to the log diameter value that touch-screen sets, single roller motor, two roller motor now operate by the 3rd section of ejecting plate speed V3=80-40m/s that touch-screen sets;
When peeler log diameter is less than or equal to screen upper setting log diameter value, single roller motor, two roller motor now operate by the 4th section of ejecting plate speed V4=40-0m/s that touch-screen sets, the utility model is owing to adopting above-mentioned VFC, make log diameter while constantly changing, speed also can according to the change of log diameter from slow to fast, then by fast gradually to slow change, the thickness equilibrium of the slab that rotary-cut is gone out, substantially increase ejecting plate quality, veneer percent defective is dropped to minimum;
When after rounding to the reel of minimum diameter, information is uploaded to PLC CCC by knife rest proximity switch and cutter door proximity switch respectively, PLC CCC and instruction knife rest servo controller drive left knife rest servomotor and right knife rest servomotor to drive tool-post structure to return original position soon, cutter door servo controller drives the action of cutter door servomotor, nose bar frame is driven to return initial point, the instruction cylinder action of PLC CCC, by remaining for rotary-cut reel top from tool-post structure.
The utility model is owing to adopting said structure, solve existing control device cannot change rotary-cut speed immediately substance deficiency according to the change of log diameter, and, the utility model compared with prior art, by the stepless frequency control of frequency-variable controller within the identical time, the length of the sheet material that rotary-cut is gone out is the longest reaches 80 meters, be 2 times of the length of the sheet material that existing control device rotary-cut goes out, there is novel structure, rotary-cut quality is high, veneer percent defective is low, the advantage such as operating efficiency is high.

Claims (5)

1. one kind can control the peeler becoming cutter door and relief angle automatically, comprise support, tool-post structure, nose bar frame, cutter door servomotor, single transmission roller, single roller motor, two live-roller, two roll stand, two roller motor, device for adjusting knife door, angle apparatus after cutter, secondary slide, secondary guide rail and frequency-changing control system, it is characterized in that described device for adjusting knife door adopts and automatically become cutter door gear, described automatic change cutter door gear comprises slide, rotary support, left slant rail, right slant rail, guide roller, left horizontal guide rail, right horizontal guide rail, revolution fulcrum, left horizontal drive apparatus and right horizontal drive apparatus, described support left end is provided with left horizontal guide rail, left slant rail and left horizontal drive apparatus, right-hand member is provided with right horizontal guide rail, right slant rail and right horizontal drive apparatus, described upper part of the frame is provided with tool-post structure and nose bar frame, nose bar roller is provided with on front side of described nose bar frame, dress cutter box and hold(ing)-down clip, described nose bar frame left end is anterior to be hinged through revolution fulcrum and left rotary support, right-hand member is anterior to be hinged through revolution fulcrum and right-hand rotation support, left front portion, described left rotary support lower end is hinged through rotating shaft and left slide, the guide roller of rear portion through being provided with rolls with left slant rail and is connected, described right-hand rotation pedestal lower end right front portion and rotating shaft and right slide are hinged, the guide roller of rear portion through being provided with rolls with right slant rail and is connected, described left horizontal drive apparatus is by left driving leading screw, left knife rest servomotor and left screw composition, described right horizontal drive apparatus is by right driving leading screw, right knife rest servomotor and right screw composition, described left knife rest servomotor and right knife rest servomotor control through frequency-changing control system respectively, described left horizontal guide rail is positioned at left slant rail front end, and the inclined-plane of left slant rail along left horizontal guide rail horizontal plane gradually backward and downward-sloping, described right horizontal guide rail is positioned at right slant rail front end, and the inclined-plane of right slant rail along right horizontal guide rail horizontal plane gradually backward and downward-sloping, described left driving leading screw to be positioned between left horizontal guide rail and parallel with left horizontal guide rail, described left driving leading screw two ends are respectively through bearing, bearing block is fixedly connected with support, described left driving leading screw has been threaded left screw, described left driving leading screw is through left knife rest driven by servomotor, described right driving leading screw to be positioned between right horizontal guide rail and parallel with right horizontal guide rail, described right driving leading screw two ends are respectively through bearing, bearing block is fixedly connected with support, described right driving leading screw has been threaded right screw, described right driving leading screw is through right knife rest driven by servomotor, described left slide lower end is fixedly connected with left screw, and both sides and left horizontal guide rail are slidably connected, described right slide lower end is fixedly connected with right screw, and both sides and right horizontal guide rail are slidably connected, described left slide and right slide bottom respectively correspondence are provided with tool-post structure rotational shaft insertion hole, described tool-post structure left end is connected with the tool-post structure installing hole of left slide through turning cylinder, right-hand member is connected with the tool-post structure installing hole of right slide through turning cylinder.
2. a kind of peeler that automatically can control change cutter door and relief angle according to claim 1, after it is characterized in that described cutter, angle apparatus adopts and automatically becomes rear angle apparatus, it comprises dress cutter box, revolve cutter, hold(ing)-down clip, push type broach cylinder, fulcrum, revolution fulcrum and tilt adjustment device, two ends, described tool-post structure bottom are hinged through fulcrum and secondary slide respectively, upper left end is hinged through revolution fulcrum and left slide, right-hand member is hinged through revolution fulcrum and right slide, dress cutter box is provided with on front side of described tool-post structure, be provided with in described dress cutter box and revolve cutter, dress cutter box fixes through the hold(ing)-down clip be fixed on tool-post structure, described secondary guide rail lower front part is connected with the tilt adjustment device be fixed on support, rear end and support are hinged, upper end and secondary slide are slidably connected, be connected with nose bar frame in the middle part of described hold(ing)-down clip, top is inconsistent with dress cutter box, bottom is inconsistent with the push type broach cylinder be fixed on nose bar frame, described push type broach cylinder is connected with frequency-changing control system with hydraulic pump through hydraulic buttery valve.
3. a kind of peeler that automatically can control change cutter door and relief angle according to claim 2, it is characterized in that described tilt adjustment device is made up of bearing, adjusting bolt and setscrew nut, described bearing side is fixedly connected with support, after the screwed hole that described adjusting bolt and bearing are provided with is threaded upper end and secondary guide rail inconsistent, and to be fixed on bearing through setscrew nut.
4. a kind of peeler that automatically can control change cutter door and relief angle according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that described nose bar frame is provided with cylinder, described cylinder is connected with frequency-changing control system.
5. a kind of peeler that automatically can control change cutter door and relief angle according to claim 1, is characterized in that described frequency-changing control system comprises PLC CCC, touch-screen, frequency-variable controller, knife rest servo controller, cutter door servo controller, cutter door proximity switch, knife rest proximity switch, hydraulic buttery valve and hydraulic pump, described frequency-variable controller, knife rest servo controller, cutter door servo controller, hydraulic buttery valve, cutter door proximity switch, knife rest proximity switch and touch-screen are connected with PLC CCC with analog input module through analog output module respectively, described PLC CCC be connected, described cutter door proximity switch is fixed on tool-post structure, described knife rest proximity switch is fixed on support, described knife rest servo controller is by PLC CCC instruction left knife rest servomotor and the running of right knife rest servomotor, described cutter door servo controller is by the instruction cutter door servomotor running of PLC CCC, and described frequency-variable controller controls single roller motor respectively by the instruction of PLC CCC, two roller motor action, and the ejecting plate speed passing through the friction speed section arranged in PLC CCC, drive single transmission roller and two live-roller frequency conversion rotation.
CN201520834349.5U 2015-10-27 2015-10-27 Automatic control becomes peeler of sword door and relief angle Active CN205097330U (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105216066A (en) * 2015-10-27 2016-01-06 山东百圣源集团有限公司 Automatically the peeler becoming cutter door and relief angle can be controlled
CN111761652A (en) * 2020-07-09 2020-10-13 温州大学激光与光电智能制造研究院 Cutting device for table and chair timber

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105216066A (en) * 2015-10-27 2016-01-06 山东百圣源集团有限公司 Automatically the peeler becoming cutter door and relief angle can be controlled
CN111761652A (en) * 2020-07-09 2020-10-13 温州大学激光与光电智能制造研究院 Cutting device for table and chair timber

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