CN205062827U - Compound seepage prevention structure of large -scale solution cavity in karst area - Google Patents

Compound seepage prevention structure of large -scale solution cavity in karst area Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205062827U
CN205062827U CN201520779752.2U CN201520779752U CN205062827U CN 205062827 U CN205062827 U CN 205062827U CN 201520779752 U CN201520779752 U CN 201520779752U CN 205062827 U CN205062827 U CN 205062827U
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cavity
solution cavity
solution
pipe pile
steel pipe
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CN201520779752.2U
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屈昌华
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Powerchina Guiyang Engineering Corp Ltd
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Powerchina Guiyang Engineering Corp Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a compound seepage prevention structure of large -scale solution cavity in karst area belongs to hydraulic and hydroelectric engineering technical field, including basement rock and solution cavity, the solution cavity is located the basement rock, and the solution cavity hypomere is filled and is formed the solution -cavity filling district, vertically in the solution -cavity filling district lays a plurality of stufves and revolves orifice or steel -pipe pile, and the stuff revolves orifice or steel -pipe pile along prevention of seepage axis in bank interval arrangement, solution -cavity filling district upper surface is equipped with the transition bed course, and the steel -pipe pile top sets up the concrete cut -pff wall, and the cavity of concrete cut -pff wall upstream side is backfilled and is formed back filled region. This technical scheme builds the concrete cut -pff wall through taking reasonable structural arrangement in the solution cavity to solution cavity roof through the top links up the groove structure and through the grout of grout adit, has reached fine wall and closed effect, its simple structure, drop into that the material is few, construction intensity is little, increased substantially the efficiency of construction, solved the prevention of seepage problem of the large -scale solution cavity in karst area.

Description

The composite anti-penetrating structure of the large-scale solution cavity in a kind of karst area
Technical field
The utility model belongs to Hydraulic and Hydro-Power Engineering technical field, and relating to has the large-scale solution cavity seepage control technique of filling in the Hydraulic and Hydro-Power Engineering construction of a kind of karst area, especially relates to the composite anti-penetrating structure of the large-scale solution cavity in a kind of karst area.
Background technology
Solution cavity belongs to a type of numerous Karst Features, is the result of the long-term corrosion of underground water, namely at the subhorizontal underground water passage that crustal rise and fall relatively stable period karstification is formed, by the cave that earth's crust ascending motion is formed.Solution cavity sorting technique is more, hall formula, duct type and fissure type solution cavity is divided into by shape, by solution cavity height be divided into huge (being highly greater than 10m), large-scale (height 5 ~ 10m), in (height 3 ~ 5m), small-sized (being highly less than 3m) solution cavity, be divided into full-filling, half filling and without filling-type Karst cave by filling situation.
In the Hydraulic and Hydro-Power Engineering process of construction of karst, the solution cavity often can run into all kinds, differing in size, these solution cavities likely jeopardize building safety, more then become the passage that storehouse water leaks outside, have a strong impact on project benefit.How karst cave processes does not have special Regulations, generally propose processing scheme by engineering design enterprise according to the actual conditions such as scale, type of solution cavity and Effects on Engineering, processing method is mainly with after the charges removed in solution cavity, fill concrete or other material are main again, namely adopt and dig clearly backfill method, or by revising the method for antiseepage circuit, dig clearly backfill method and be applicable to middle-size and small-size solution cavity, amendment antiseepage circuit rule is generally suitable for when engineering has considerable influence to building safety.For the large-scale or super-huge karst cave run in Hydraulic and Hydro-Power Engineering Anti-seeping technology process, adopt and dig clearly backfill method to process, engineering quantity is large, investment is large, working face is many, if interim amendment antiseepage circuit, then need to re-start seepage prevention design, except above-mentioned shortcoming, also can expend more manpower financial capacity, the duration is difficult to ensure.
Utility model content
In order to solve the problem, the utility model provides the composite anti-penetrating structure of the large-scale solution cavity in a kind of karst area, thus reaches effective antiseepage, reduces working face, reduce the effect that engineering drops into, solve the solution cavity Anti-seeping technology problem in the Hydraulic and Hydro-Power Engineering of karst.
The utility model is achieved by following technical solution.
The composite anti-penetrating structure of the large-scale solution cavity in a kind of karst area, comprise basement rock and solution cavity, described solution cavity is positioned at basement rock, described solution cavity hypomere is filled and is formed solution-cavity filling district, the some charges churning holes of vertical laying or steel pipe pile in described solution-cavity filling district, described charges churning hole or steel pipe pile are arranged along antiseepage axis interval in a row; Solution-cavity filling district upper surface is provided with transition bed course, arranges concrete cut above described steel pipe pile, and the cavity backfill of described concrete cut upstream side forms back filled region.
Described concrete anti-seepage is provided with irrigation gallery within the walls.
Be provided with at least two platoon leader's orifice tubes in described steel pipe pile, basement rock 3 ~ 5m is all goed deep in long orifice tube lower end or steel pipe pile and long orifice tube lower end, is all perfused with concrete in steel pipe pile and long orifice tube.
Described solution cavity roof is provided with anchor pole district, and anchor pole district is positioned at concrete cut upstream side, comprises the anchor pole that some levels insert solution cavity roof side.
Reserved grouting adit in basement rock above described solution cavity, grouting adit is parallel with the bearing of trend of concrete cut.
Solution cavity top directly over described concrete cut is provided with Upper Plate of Karst Cave connecting groove, and concrete cut is connected with Upper Plate of Karst Cave connecting groove, and Upper Plate of Karst Cave connecting groove is communicated with grouting adit by basement rock curtain grouting hole.
Described steel pipe pile and long orifice tube are in the horizontal direction in a row or become trellis proper alignment.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:
The construction method of the composite anti-penetrating structure of the large-scale solution cavity in a kind of karst area described in the utility model, for large-scale even huge one economy, the efficiently seepage having filling solution cavity, by taking rational vibrational power flow, concrete cut is built in solution cavity, and by the Upper Plate of Karst Cave connecting groove structure at top and by the grouting of grouting adit, reach and well cut off and sealing effect; Its structure is simple, anti-seepage effect remarkable, input material is few, construction intensity is little, has increased substantially construction efficiency, has reduced total investment of engineering simultaneously, solves the antiseepage problem of the large-scale even huge solution cavity in karst area well.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model.
In figure: 1-basement rock, 2-solution cavity, 3-solution-cavity filling district, 4-solution cavity cavity, grouted cut off wall under 5-solution cavity, 6-steel pipe pile, 7-charges churning hole, 8-is in the milk elongated hole, 9-transition bed course, 10-concrete cut, 11-irrigation gallery, 12-back filled region, 13-anchor pole district, 14-Upper Plate of Karst Cave connecting groove, 15-basement rock curtain grouting hole, 16-is in the milk adit.
Detailed description of the invention
The technical solution of the utility model is further described below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, but described in claimed scope is not limited to.
As shown in Figure 1, the composite anti-penetrating structure of the large-scale solution cavity in a kind of karst area described in the utility model, comprise basement rock 1 and solution cavity 2, described solution cavity 2 is positioned at basement rock, described solution cavity 2 hypomere is filled and is formed solution-cavity filling district 3, the some charges churning holes 7 of vertical laying or steel pipe pile 6 in described solution-cavity filling district 3, described charges churning hole 7 or steel pipe pile 6 are arranged along antiseepage axis interval in a row; Solution-cavity filling district 3 upper surface is provided with transition bed course 9, arranges concrete cut 10 above described steel pipe pile 6, and the cavity backfill of described concrete cut 10 upstream side forms back filled region 12.
Irrigation gallery 11 is provided with in described concrete cut 10.
Be provided with at least two platoon leader's orifice tubes 8 in described steel pipe pile 6, basement rock 3 ~ 5m is all goed deep in long orifice tube 8 lower end or steel pipe pile 6 and long orifice tube 8 lower end, is all perfused with concrete in steel pipe pile 6 and long orifice tube 8.
Described solution cavity 2 roof is provided with anchor pole district 13, and anchor pole district 13 is positioned at concrete cut 10 upstream side, comprises the anchor pole that some levels insert solution cavity 2 roof side.
Reserved grouting adit 16 in basement rock 1 above described solution cavity 2, grouting adit 16 is parallel with the bearing of trend of concrete cut 10.
Solution cavity 2 top directly over described concrete cut 10 is provided with Upper Plate of Karst Cave connecting groove 14, and concrete cut 10 is connected with Upper Plate of Karst Cave connecting groove 14, and Upper Plate of Karst Cave connecting groove 14 is communicated with grouting adit 16 by basement rock curtain grouting hole 15.
Described steel pipe pile 6 and long orifice tube 8 are in the horizontal direction in a row or become trellis proper alignment.
The structure that Fig. 1 illustrates the technical program is laid, and as we can see from the figure, the technical program is to be processed is the large-scale even huge solution cavity 2 having filling, and this solution cavity 2 is arranged in the basement rock 1 building seepage control project in advance.
First, find out the parameters such as the character of the growth scale of solution cavity, charges, roof and floor elevation, and divide type of cavern, then construct according to following step:
1. solution cavity 2 surface is cleared up, change and fill out rubble formation solution-cavity filling district 3;
2. in solution-cavity filling district 3, at least two row charges churning hole 7 or steel pipe piles 6 are laid about antiseepage axisymmetrical, long orifice tube 8 is installed in steel pipe pile 6, long orifice tube 8 lower end or steel pipe pile 6 and long orifice tube 8 lower end is made all to go deep into basement rock 3 ~ 5m, adopt high pressure pouring technique, to steel pipe pile 6 and long orifice tube 8 mesohigh concreting, make it concordant with solution-cavity filling district 3 upper surface; Meanwhile, adopt high-pressure rotary-spray technique, in charges churning hole 7, carry out high-pressure rotary-spray; In addition, steel pipe pile 6 also can be adopted to lengthen as long orifice tube 8, long orifice tube 8 is mainly used for the grouting construction of grouted cut off wall 5 under solution cavity;
3. in solution-cavity filling district 3 and steel pipe pile 6, build rubble and plain concrete formation transition bed course 9;
4. offer the grouting adit 16 parallel with concrete cut 10 in the basement rock 1 above Upper Plate of Karst Cave connecting groove 14, and basement rock curtain grouting hole 15 is set is communicated with the solution cavity 2 below it; If the basement rock 1 above Upper Plate of Karst Cave connecting groove 14 is thinner, then not reserved grouting adit 16, is directly communicated with the solution cavity 2 below it from ground by basement rock curtain grouting hole 15;
5. pre-buried some anchor poles or anchoring pile on the wall of hole, solution cavity 2 head upstream side, forms anchor pole district 13;
6. clear up transition bed course 9 surface, build the concrete cut 10 in solution cavity 2 cavity along antiseepage axis, and reserve curtain grouting gallery 11 in concrete cut 10;
7. when concrete cut 10 is constructed to anchor pole district 13, directly over charges churning hole 7, offer Upper Plate of Karst Cave connecting groove 14, make the bearing of trend of Upper Plate of Karst Cave connecting groove 14 parallel with concrete cut 10;
8. continue concreting impervious wall 10, make concrete cut 10 tip height reach Upper Plate of Karst Cave connecting groove 14 place;
9. in solution cavity 2 cavity of concrete cut 10 upstream side, backfill plain concrete form back filled region 12;
10. from grouting adit 16, carry out curtain grouting by 15 pairs, basement rock curtain grouting hole Upper Plate of Karst Cave connecting groove 14, complete construction.
Embodiment one
An existing solution cavity 2, this solution cavity 2 is grown in the middle part of antiseepage line, and along the long 47m of antiseepage axis, wide 51m, the thick 29m ~ 41m of solution-cavity filling thing, solution cavity cavity height 14m ~ 28m, estimation volume is about 12.1 ten thousand m 3, belong to the huge solution cavity of the hall formula having filling, charges are mainly based on clay and silty clay, and there is the molten shiver stone that collapses local.Former processing scheme for all digging clearly fill concrete after charges, but because of layout of construction drift difficulty after disclosing, estimates that the duration reaches 30 months, and disposal cost budget is up to 7,100 ten thousand yuan, and the reason such as construction safety hidden danger is many, be in suspended state always.Through long-term theoretical research and site inspection repeatedly, summed up a set of more effective form of construction work to above-mentioned solution cavity and similar solution cavity, its construction sequence is as follows:
1. solution cavity 2 surface is cleared up, by solution-cavity filling thing surface evening, change and fill out the thick macadam formation solution-cavity filling district 3 of 1.0m;
2. in the solution-cavity filling district 3 of antiseepage axis upstream and downstream, symmetry offers two row's charges churning holes 7, its array pitch 1.0m, and the spacing between each hole is 0.8m, adopts high pressure phase equilibria technique to be in the milk to charges churning hole 7; In charges churning hole 7, install steel pipe pile 6, at least install two platoon leader's orifice tubes 8 in steel pipe pile 6, basement rock 3 ~ 5m is goed deep in long orifice tube 8 lower end, to steel pipe pile 6 mesohigh concreting, makes it concordant with solution-cavity filling district 3 upper surface.The structure of charges churning hole 7 and steel pipe pile 6 is mainly the supporting capacity and stability that meet concrete cut 10 in solution cavity cavity, and long orifice tube 8 is used as solution cavity following basement rock curtain grouting hole.Selected steel pipe pile 6 caliber 168mm, the long orifice tube 8 caliber 76mm selected.Steel pipe pile 6 also can adopt lattice to lay, and when lattice is laid, steel pipe pile 6 array pitch and pile spacing are 1.5m, and about antiseepage axisymmetrical.
3. in solution-cavity filling district 3 and steel pipe pile 6, build the thick rubble of 1.0m and plain concrete formation transition bed course 9;
4. offer the grouting adit 16 parallel with concrete cut 10 in the basement rock 1 above Upper Plate of Karst Cave connecting groove 14, and basement rock curtain grouting hole 15 is set is communicated with the solution cavity 2 below it;
5. pre-buried some anchor poles or anchoring pile on the wall of hole, solution cavity 2 head upstream side, anchor pole or anchoring pile are that blossom type is arranged, form anchor pole district 13;
6. clear up transition bed course 9 surface, build the concrete cut 10 in solution cavity 2 cavity along antiseepage axis, and reserve curtain grouting gallery 11 in concrete cut 10;
7. for solving solution cavity cavity concrete and being connected and antiseepage problem between Upper Plate of Karst Cave, when concrete cut 10 is constructed to anchor pole district 13, directly over charges churning hole 7, offer Upper Plate of Karst Cave connecting groove 14, make the bearing of trend of Upper Plate of Karst Cave connecting groove 14 parallel with concrete cut 10; The wide 1.0m of Upper Plate of Karst Cave connecting groove 14, dark 0.6m, adopt hand excavation, and bury contact grouting box and copper seal wherein underground;
8. continue concreting impervious wall 10, make concrete cut 10 tip height reach Upper Plate of Karst Cave connecting groove 14 place;
9. in solution cavity 2 cavity of concrete cut 10 upstream side, backfill plain concrete form back filled region 12;
10. from grouting adit 16, carry out curtain grouting by 15 pairs, basement rock curtain grouting hole Upper Plate of Karst Cave connecting groove 14, complete construction.
After adopting the technical program, the duration foreshortens to 5 months, and disposal cost is only original 30%, and about 2,100 ten thousand, through tentative retaining and the observation of corresponding observation instrument after completing, the anti-seepage standard met design requirement, anti-seepage effect is good.
Embodiment two
In the step described in embodiment one, 2. described step also can adopt following arrangement:
In the solution-cavity filling district 3 of antiseepage axis upstream and downstream, symmetry offers two row's charges churning holes 7, its array pitch 1.0m, and between often arrange two adjacent charges churning holes 7, steel pipe pile 6 is installed, the spacing between each charges churning hole 7 and adjacent steel pipe pile 6 is made to be 0.8m, in steel pipe pile 6, at least install two platoon leader's orifice tubes 8, basement rock 3 ~ 5m is all goed deep in long orifice tube 8 and steel pipe pile 6 lower end; Adopt high pressure pouring technique, to steel pipe pile 6 and long orifice tube 8 mesohigh concreting, meanwhile, adopt high-pressure rotary-spray technique, in charges churning hole 7, carry out high-pressure rotary-spray, make it concordant with solution-cavity filling district 3 upper surface; The structure of charges churning hole 7 and steel pipe pile 6 is mainly the supporting capacity and stability that meet concrete cut 10 in solution cavity cavity, and long orifice tube 8 and steel pipe pile 6 are used as solution cavity following basement rock curtain grouting hole simultaneously.Selected steel pipe pile 6 caliber 168mm, the long orifice tube 8 caliber 76mm selected.

Claims (7)

1. the composite anti-penetrating structure of the large-scale solution cavity in karst area, comprise basement rock (1) and solution cavity (2), described solution cavity (2) is positioned at basement rock, it is characterized in that: described solution cavity (2) hypomere is filled and formed solution-cavity filling district (3), the some charges churning holes (7) of vertical laying or steel pipe pile (6) in described solution-cavity filling district (3), described charges churning hole (7) or steel pipe pile (6) are arranged along antiseepage axis interval in a row; Solution-cavity filling district (3) upper surface is provided with transition bed course (9), described steel pipe pile (6) top arranges concrete cut (10), and the cavity backfill of described concrete cut (10) upstream side forms back filled region (12).
2. the composite anti-penetrating structure of the large-scale solution cavity in a kind of karst area according to claim 1, is characterized in that: be provided with irrigation gallery (11) in described concrete cut (10).
3. the composite anti-penetrating structure of the large-scale solution cavity in a kind of karst area according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: in described steel pipe pile (6), be provided with at least two platoon leader's orifice tubes (8), basement rock 3 ~ 5m is all goed deep in long orifice tube (8) lower end or steel pipe pile (6) and long orifice tube (8) lower end, is all perfused with concrete in steel pipe pile (6) and long orifice tube (8).
4. the composite anti-penetrating structure of the large-scale solution cavity in a kind of karst area according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described solution cavity (2) roof is provided with anchor pole district (13), anchor pole district (13) is positioned at concrete cut (10) upstream side, comprises the anchor pole that some levels insert solution cavity (2) roof side.
5. the composite anti-penetrating structure of the large-scale solution cavity in a kind of karst area according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: reserved grouting adit (16) in the basement rock (1) of described solution cavity (2) top, grouting adit (16) is parallel with the bearing of trend of concrete cut (10).
6. the composite anti-penetrating structure of the large-scale solution cavity in a kind of karst area according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: solution cavity (2) top directly over described concrete cut (10) is provided with Upper Plate of Karst Cave connecting groove (14), concrete cut (10) is connected with Upper Plate of Karst Cave connecting groove (14), and Upper Plate of Karst Cave connecting groove (14) is communicated with grouting adit (16) by basement rock curtain grouting hole (15).
7. the composite anti-penetrating structure of the large-scale solution cavity in a kind of karst area according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described steel pipe pile (6) and long orifice tube (8) are in the horizontal direction in a row or become trellis proper alignment.
CN201520779752.2U 2015-10-10 2015-10-10 Compound seepage prevention structure of large -scale solution cavity in karst area Expired - Fee Related CN205062827U (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105201001A (en) * 2015-10-10 2015-12-30 中国电建集团贵阳勘测设计研究院有限公司 Composite seepage preventing structure for large karst cave in karst region and construction method thereof
CN107268647A (en) * 2017-06-30 2017-10-20 中国水电基础局有限公司 Impervious wall construction method under big flow high flow rate river channels at the underground river of underground
CN110637126A (en) * 2017-04-26 2019-12-31 Ccmj系统有限公司 Water-proof wall
CN112049102A (en) * 2020-09-08 2020-12-08 广东省水利水电第三工程局有限公司 Construction method for reinforcing complex stratum by grouting steel pipe pile

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105201001A (en) * 2015-10-10 2015-12-30 中国电建集团贵阳勘测设计研究院有限公司 Composite seepage preventing structure for large karst cave in karst region and construction method thereof
CN110637126A (en) * 2017-04-26 2019-12-31 Ccmj系统有限公司 Water-proof wall
CN110637126B (en) * 2017-04-26 2021-09-24 Ccmj系统有限公司 Water-proof wall
CN107268647A (en) * 2017-06-30 2017-10-20 中国水电基础局有限公司 Impervious wall construction method under big flow high flow rate river channels at the underground river of underground
CN112049102A (en) * 2020-09-08 2020-12-08 广东省水利水电第三工程局有限公司 Construction method for reinforcing complex stratum by grouting steel pipe pile

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